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Appendix G

Reconnaissance, Selection, and Occupation of Position

The purpose of this appendix is to discuss the requirements and general guidelines for reconnaissance, selection, and occupation of position (RSOP) team. RSOP is used to facilitate orderly, rapid, safe movement and emplacement at the designated position. The RSOP team performs its function by reconnoitering and selecting primary and alternate access routes and sites for unit equipment and facilities within the position. The mission of the RSOP team is to select the best terrain and equipment sites that enable the Patriot battery to perform its mission.

PREPARATION FOR MOVEMENT

G-1. Moving a Patriot unit into a new position requires extensive preparation of the new site. For Patriot units to move and deliver effective air defense fires against all enemy threats they must be sited correctly and rapidly. Patriot units respond to major shifts of friendly or enemy forces by relocating their fire units to new locations. Patriot must reestablish defense of critical assets, respond to changes in mission assignments for survivability, and insure overall AMD integrity after movement.

G-2. Patriot is part of a larger integrated air and missile defense. Conducting an RSOP is usually part of a multilevel operation conducted by the air defense headquarters. The Patriot battalion commander positions fire units based on the mission received from higher headquarters. The term "site" when used in this context specifies an exact area within the selected position. The battalion commander will commonly designate a four or six digit grid coordinate for the new position in which he expects the unit to occupy. At this time, the commander may designate a survey team to go with the RSOP team if needed to provide coordinates and altitudes of the Patriot equipment. Normally, the battery commander will have some leeway in occupying the position, based on his reconnaissance.

G-3. The procedures used to conduct RSOP are SOP items and must be part of every unit's tactical preparation. These procedures must be thoroughly understood and practiced repeatedly by unit personnel. SOPs must cover both day and night movements and occupations of position. They should include vehicle load plans for each method in which a unit might move such as rail, sea, air, and road.

G-4. To maximize Patriot's tactical capability, the reconnaissance must be thoroughly planned and executed. As part of the planning phase for any RSOP, the battery commander will brief the RSOP OIC on the new mission, enemy and friendly situations, and proposed location. A map reconnaissance is performed to determine primary and secondary routes of march.

G-5. Although the Patriot missile system is fully mobile with all tactical equipment mounted on wheeled trailers or vehicles, Patriot equipment is both oversized and heavy. Road surfaces, bridges, and terrain that must be negotiated may limit the route taken by the Patriot because of the size and weight of the equipment. See Appendix B; table B-2 for weight and dimensions of Patriot equipment. By doing a route reconnaissance, as well as a map reconnaissance, these potential obstacles can be overcome with good planning and preparation prior to the battery's movement.

G-6. To minimize movement time, all key personnel must be able to do the reconnaissance, selection, organization, occupation, and movement tasks quickly and efficiently. With adequate training, many of the actions of the RSOP team become "second nature" and are accomplished routinely. The time required for unit movement is out-of-action time. The longer a unit is not performing their assigned mission, the greater chances they have in being surprised by the enemy. The Patriot unit must be able to move and regain an operational capability at a new position in the shortest possible time. This is to limit the time Patriot is out of the air battle.

METHODS OF RECONNAISSANCE

G-7. The three methods by which the battery commander and platoon leaders may conduct a reconnaissance are map, air, and ground. Any reconnaissance begins with a map inspection. Potential position and routes to the new position can be chosen. The best reconnaissance is one that uses a combination of all three. To maximize the tactical benefit, the reconnaissance should be thoroughly planned. Reconnaissance considerations include—

  • Primary route/alternate route (if not dictated from higher headquarters).

  • New position/secondary position.

  • Overhead clearances.

  • Bridge classification.

  • Route trafficability.

  • Towns or cities that the convoy will travel through.

  • Roadway width.

  • Harbor/hide areas along the primary and secondary routes.

  • Proximity to built-up areas.

  • Major terrain (mountains/deep valleys).

  • Potential ambush sites along the route of march.

G-8. Air reconnaissance may not be feasible due to availability of aircraft, but ground and map can still be accomplished. The surface conditions of the route and position cannot be accurately determined for example, (ground may not be able to support the weight of the equipment).

G-9. Map reconnaissance should be carefully considered. This method is very fast and allows unsuitable routes to be eliminated. A major disadvantage is that terrain and other features may have been altered, that is (a bridge may no longer exist).

G-10. Ground reconnaissance is the best and most often used method. While this is the slowest method, it is the most accurate and most reliable. Routes can be physically examined and suitability of routes can be physically examined. The true condition of the terrain is especially critical if the surface has been affected by enemy action and or weather conditions.

ESTABLISHING A TEAM

G-11. The reconnaissance party is composed of a sufficient number of personnel to accomplish the RSOP mission and within constraints imposed by personnel availability and concurrent missions. The RSOP party organization is established in unit SOPs to fit most tactical situations. The actions taken to form up the RSOP party must not affect the current mission of the unit.

G-12. It is recommended having 15 personnel on the team. Individuals may be on more than one team, and some teams may have concurrent activities within the RSOP team, such as NBC and communications personnel. At a minimum one RSOP crewmember should be qualified as a combat lifesaver with a complete combat lifesaver bag with him at all times. The team should consist of an officer in charge (OIC), and a noncommissioned officer in charge (NCOIC.

Officer in Charge

G-13. The OIC has overall responsibility for the RSOP. His job is to train a dedicated, technically proficient, and motivated RSOP team. The OIC is normally a commissioned officer TD/TCO, but may be a senior NCO. He ensures that the party is properly briefed and that all equipment and supplies are loaded in accordance with the load plan. The following are OIC responsibilities—

  • Conducts a map recon with the commander and plans primary and alternate routes accordingly.

  • Determines the suitability of the proposed position and advises the battery commander on suitability of routes-of-march and battery position as soon as possible.

  • Responsible for detailed battery layout.

  • Determines the ISLBs (PTL and STL) and site of radar.

  • Briefs the battery commander and fire control platoon leader, upon arrival, as to the site layout and any unusual circumstances.

  • Supervises the preparation of RSOP equipment for the next move.

Noncommissioned Officer in Charge

G-14. The NCOIC assists the OIC in training the RSOP team. The NCOIC is normally a TDA/TCA but may be a senior NCO from another section. Upon movement notification, he ensures that all equipment is present in accordance with load plans, that the RSOP vehicles are mission capable, and that all team personnel are present, and have all prescribed equipment. The NCOIC coordinates with the PADS team if needed as a backup capability. The following are NCOIC responsibilities—

  • Ensures radio checks are accomplished with the battery command network prior to departure.

  • Ensures NBC and mine sweeping equipment is operational prior to departure.

  • Supervises the FC, LS, and security crews of the RSOP team on site, determines and marks all the sites for support equipment and platoon areas, and assists in emplacing communications equipment.

  • Upon arrival at the new position, ensures emplacement of all ground rods for major pieces of equipment IAW with unit SOP.

  • Ensures hot-loop communication lines from the ECP to the RSOP team are established at the new position.

  • Upon arrival of the battery, briefs the 1SG and platoon sergeants as to the battery layout and any unusual circumstances.

  • Ensures preparation of RSOP equipment for the next move.

RSOP TEAM

G-15. The unit commander determines that the number and types of teams necessary to clear and secure a new area are based on METT-TC. Teams should be proficient in operating the equipment necessary to perform their function. These teams are only for guidance when establishing the RSOP team. The following are team members and their responsibilities—

  • RSOP OIC driver— Sets up an OE-254 and maintains communication with the battery and battalion; sets up and operates the battery jump CP; drives the ground rounds for the CP.

  • Fire control crew— Stakes out each piece of system equipment and drives all ground rods for the system equipment.

  • Security team— Upon arrival at the new position, secures and establishes a light security screen around the area. Everyone is a member of this team. The light security screen may be in the form of strong points placed in the four cardinal directions or along likely avenues of approach. The security team will maintain communications with the RSOP OIC via TA-312 landline.

  • NBC team— In an NBC environment, this team emplaces the M8 chemical alarms and conducts M256 kit readings at suspected contaminated areas along the route-of-march, and at the new location. If the situation does not warrant, these personnel assist other teams in preparing the site.

  • Minesweeping team— If the tactical situation warrants, this team operates the mine detector as part of clearing suspected contaminated areas along the route-of-march or when the initial entry into areas is suspected of being mined. If the situation does not warrant, these personnel assist other teams in preparing the site.

  • Ground guides— Prior to the arrival of the main body, these personnel assist the OIC and other teams with the layout of the site. This team assists the battery elements in a smooth initial occupation. One ground guide per vehicle is designated to meet that element at the dismount point upon arrival.

  • Launcher crew— Drives all stakes and ground rods for the launchers and lays out the fiber cable to the ECS site. Performs security team functions.

SURVEY TEAM

G-16. The primary mission of the survey section is to provide the radar and launchers in each firing battery with timely survey control executed to prescribed accuracies. Survey teams ensure that the radar and launchers are precisely located and aligned to establish initialization accuracy. They are responsible for placing the FUs and supporting elements on a common grid so that higher headquarters can track their exact location.

G-17. A battalion survey section consists of nine soldiers. There is one section chief that is an E-6 and four survey teams consisting of two soldiers per team. Each team has a HMMWV as a prime mover, which is equipped with an AN/VRC-90 CNR. Each survey team is also equipped with an AN/USQ-70 position and azimuth determining system (PADS). The required data are determined in the following order of priority—

  • Orientation azimuth for the radar, north reference point (NREF), and azimuth mark.

  • Coordinates and altitudes of the radar.

  • Coordinates, altitudes, and orientation azimuth for the launchers.

  • Collect, evaluate, and disseminate all available survey data that might be used by the battalion.

  • Maintain maps and files of survey data for the battalion area of operation.

G-18. Since the Patriot system uses true north as a reference, and battery personnel use grid azimuth to perform hasty surveys, both grid and true azimuths should be provided to the firing batteries. To ensure that survey data meets the required accuracy, the survey teams will establish all surveys.

G-19. On receipt of the battalion OPORD, usually four to six hours before the battery movement, the RSOP officer, or the survey section chief will issue a warning order to one of the survey teams The survey teams, when needed, should be included in the RSOP party so that the necessary survey operations can be started immediately after the new sites are selected. Because of the distance to be traveled, the PADS may be initialized before departing or initialization may be performed near the new position if survey control is available at the new position. The survey will be performed in accordance with the battalion commander's guidance.

LOAD PLANS

G-20. After the team has been established and individual duties have been assigned, the necessary equipment according to the MTOE needed to accomplish the mission is then loaded onto the vehicles in accordance with the load plan. This load plan is part of the unit's SOP. A load plan prescribes efficient loading of personnel and equipment for movement. Each vehicle will have one. A good load plan ensures that a unit will move into the new position with all its equipment. The load plan for a vehicle is that the equipment most essential to the mission is loaded last. The load plan should be recorded and graphically portrayed. Load plans should be identical between like sections within the same battery and battalion.

MOVEMENT WARNING ORDER

G-21. The team is ready for their first mission when the initial steps needed to put an RSOP team together have been completed. The first step in preparing the RSOP team for their mission is for the OIC to receive the movement warning order. The warning order tells the RSOP OIC that movement is expected. While the NCOIC is assembling supplies, teams and all necessary equipment, the OIC and the commander are planning routes using a map reconnaissance. Routes must avoid NBC contaminated areas and obstructions. Changes in the initial map reconnaissance may need to be adjusted accordingly.

G-22. The movement warning order may be followed by the movement order. The movement order is disseminated from higher headquarters down to the battery level. This movement order will include more information that the RSOP team needs to know. The headquarters controlling the movement of the battery directs the essential elements of the movement-when, where, and how. The general location of the new position will be given to the team prior to departing the field site. This location will also include —

  • Sectors-of-fire.

  • No later than to be in position ready to fire.

  • Routes and any special instructions.

    - danger areas

    - intelligence

    - alternate positions

    - movement techniques

G-23. A unit begins preparations to depart the current area as soon as it receives the MWO. The sequence used to clear the area may vary based on the situation. However, the initial focus is on mission-essential equipment. Perimeter security must not be compromised in the preparation for movement.

ROUTE RECONNAISSANCE

G-24. Routes must be analyzed, and time and distance must be taken into account prior to movement. Moving the battery over long difficult routes require well-planned, coordinated movement orders and unit SOPs.

G-25. After the map reconnaissance has been completed, the OIC now conducts a route evaluation to determine if the selected route is acceptable. This is conducted en route to the new position. The OIC also ensures that the designated harbor/hide area is adequate. A harbor/hide area is off the main supply route (MSR). It is large enough for the entire main body, has adequate cover and concealment, and is defendable for short periods. It is halfway between the old and new position, terrain permitting.

GROUND/SITE RECONNAISSANCE

G-26. If the tactical situation warrants NBC protection, the RSOP OIC will determine the MOPP level for the team. NBC contaminated areas should be avoided when possible. All RSOP personnel dismount upon reaching the access road that leads to the new position. The OIC notifies the battery commander of arrival at the proposed position. At least two soldiers stay to secure the vehicles and monitor the radio. The OIC or NCOIC gives them a five-point contingency plan that includes the following information:

  • Who is going with the OIC/NCOIC?

  • How long the OIC/NCOIC element will be gone?

  • What to do if the OIC/NCOIC element does not return?

  • What to do if the element becomes engaged?

G-27. If the tactical situation warrants, two security team members use the mine detector to clear the access road, and two personnel conduct a radiological and chemical survey. The entire team then moves tactically to the new position looking for signs of enemy activity. Upon reaching the new position, the RSOP OIC/NCOIC places a two-man team at what they believe to be the 6 o'clock position; this becomes the dismount point.

G-28. Reconnaissance determines if the position will be selected. The OIC considers many requirements and factors in determining the acceptability of the tentative position. The site selected for the radar set provides the basis for the siting of other major items of equipment. Once the OIC determines that the position is suitable for the radar, he informs the battery commander over secure radio. If the position is unacceptable, the OIC reconnoiters alternate positions. He may have authority to reconnoiter positions within a given distance to find a suitable position. The OIC uses the following criteria to determine if the site is acceptable:

  • Is the radar field-of-view unobstructed?

  • Is the fire control area 30 meters by 35 meters and less then a 10-degree slope?

  • Is it large enough to accommodate unit vehicles and equipment?

  • Is the internal road network sufficient?

  • Is there line of sight for remote launchers (Phase 1 and Phase 3)?

  • Does it have a firm, well-drained level surface for maintenance and dispersion of vehicles?

  • Is the location defendable?

  • Does it have a minimum of one entrance and exit?

  • Does it have natural cover and concealment?

PRIMARY POSITIONS AND ALTERNATE POSITIONS

G-29. The primary position is one from which the battery will accomplish its assigned air defense mission. Alternate position is one in which the unit moves to in case its primary becomes untenable (overrun by enemy forces, contaminated or destroyed by natural forces). The alternate position must meet the same requirements as the primary.

LAYING OUT THE POSITION

G-30. The RSOP OIC lays out the position. The OIC may use any available resources to diagram a position layout. The diagram ensures that all members of the team know exactly where each piece of equipment is going. This diagram can also be used as a reminder to show the cable lengths of the fire control equipment, prior to setting ground rods. Figure G-1 shows a possible layout for the fire control section and the distance between each piece of equipment. Selected positions are best available for fields of fire, communications, accessibility, and survivability. Specific considerations for position layout include: up range, down range (launching stations), command post, maintenance area, fuel tanker, troop area, mess facilities, latrines, and ammunition storage. The area required for deployment of the battery is about one km squared.

Figure G-1. Fire Control Section Emplacement Configuration

Figure G-1. Fire Control Section Emplacement Configuration

G-31. The most critical pieces of equipment to put in position first are the radar, ECS, EPP, AMG, and the launching stations for the battery. Once the individual sites are selected for each piece of equipment, the ISLB data needs to be shot. RSOP team members are responsible for determining the 5-point ISLB for the RS. Prior to the fire unit emplacing and visibility permitting, the M2 aiming circle is used to collect needed data. There are step-by-step instructions included in FM 3-01.87 to determine the ISLB. Practice on the M2 aiming circle should be done in advance to the unit's movement to ensure all steps are done correctly and efficiently.

EQUIPMENT CONSIDERATIONS

G-32. Primary areas selected in a new position are those for the fire control platoon, launcher platoon, and battery support elements. In addition, sites are selected for security forces and Stinger teams.

FIRE CONTROL PLATOON

G-33. The heart of the Patriot battery is the fire control section. The fire control section consists of an ECS, AMG, RS, and EPP. When the RSOP team sets up the big four there are many considerations that must be taken into account, both for safety of soldiers and equipment. Figure G-1 shows a possible fire control emplacement. Equipment should be positioned based on the length of data, power cables, and the terrain that is available.

Radar Set Considerations

G-34. All equipment must be positioned to the rear of the RS thereby keeping them out of the primary and secondary search sectors. The radar set requires an area of 30 to 35 meters to operate in. Engineer tape may be used to sector off the hazard area of the radar. Radar set must have an unobstructed field of view to eliminate radiation hazards to personnel, equipment and to prevent clutter. A radiation hazard exists in the track sector 120 meters forward of the RS. Considerations must be made as to where the radar and its cables are positioned as to prevent power and data cables from being run over by vehicles. Other considerations include terrain slope, it must not exceed 10-degree roll and cross roll from where the radar is emplaced.

Electrical Power Plant Considerations

G-35. The EPP must be positioned to the rear right or rear left of the RS. The terrain for the EPP must not exceed 10-degree roll and cross roll. The EPP must be positioned to accommodate easy access for refueling and placed within the limit of cable lengths.

Engagement Control Station Considerations

G-36. The ECS is positioned to the rear of the radar set and in a concealed area, if possible, orienting the ECS door away from the radar set to minimize the RF and noise hazards. It must be placed where the cables can reach the radar and the EPP, but not where any vehicles will run over the cables. Additionally, the ECS is connected by a 26-pair cable or field wire to the battery command post.

Antenna Mast Group Considerations

G-37. The AMG is situated to provide line-of-sight communications to the ICC and adjacent firing batteries. The AMG, due to its stringent requirement for level terrain, is the most stringent piece of Patriot equipment to emplace. The AMG must be level within 1/2 degree in roll altitude and 10 degree in cross roll.

LAUNCHER PLATOON

G-38. The minimum distance from RS to LS is 120 meters, while its maximum distance from RS to LS is 1200 meters. The launchers terrain slope must not exceed 10-degree roll and cross roll. Due to the back blast danger area, the area directly behind the launchers is 90 meters minimum. The missile back blast danger area is 90 meters directly behind the launchers. This area must be kept clear of personnel and equipment.

G-39. There are three separate locations where launchers may be positioned to counter the threat: local launchers, RL-1 remote launchers, and RL-3 remote launchers.

  • Local launchers are mainly used for air battle and self-defense against ASMs and TBMs.

  • Remote launchers Phase-I are located up to 10 kilometers in front of the radar and are employed evenly spaced on both sides of the PTL, METT-TC dependent.

  • RL-3 launchers are mainly used to counter the TBM threat as a launcher farm. A remote launcher farm must consist of a minimum of two enhanced launcher electronic system (ELES). With each launcher farm, there will be CRG with a LCS configuration to provide communications and to function as a launch control station.

G-40. Siting guidance for launchers is within the search and track sectors. (Caution: sites must be flexible when sector bounds are adjusted). Minimum separation distance between launchers is 90 meters. Local launchers may be emplaced using a lazy 'W' formation and evenly distributed (METT-TC dependent) along the PTL/STL. The launcher PTL orientation is determined during defense design planning and must be pointing towards the center of the threat launch location NAIs. The launchers must be pointed directly at a TBM threat to achieve the highest possible Pk. Whenever possible, orient launchers in pairs towards the threat TBM launch locations, this is for redundancy. RL-3 launchers must be emplaced within 10 degrees of the PTL/STL.

G-41. Fiber-optic cables for local launchers run between the radar and the up- range launcher area. The NCOIC needs to ensure that no vehicles are driving over or near the launcher's area to prevent damage to the cables by fuel trucks and other vehicles. Considerations should be made whether to bury the cables, sandbag the cables, or to rope-off those areas.

COMMAND POST

G-42. The command post is where the commander and staff perform their activities. The CP is centrally located within the perimeter where it can exercise control over the battery, remain well defended, and have lines of communication with sub-elements. See Appendix B for a more detailed description of a command post.

SUPPORT ELEMENTS

G-43. The battery support elements are sited to support the tactical elements. Criteria include staying out of the primary and secondary radar sectors, ability to provide effective support, good access routes, and use of area cover and concealment to enhance camouflage efforts.

  • Maintenance area. The selection of the maintenance area depends on its accessibility to entry and exit routes. The area is located within the perimeter near the entrance. The maintenance area should have an entrance and exit within the perimeter. This area will need to be big enough for the maintenance center, SRPT, LRPT and the GMT, as well as any other vehicles that may need to be worked on.

  • Ammunition storage. The basic load of ammunition is removed from transporting vehicles as soon as possible. It must be protected by sandbags or earth revetments and sited near the supply tent.

  • Fuel tanker. The fuel tanker is sited as near as possible to the primary entrance, inside the perimeter so returning vehicles can be topped off.

  • Troop area. Personnel are permitted to sleep only in designated areas. Vehicles are not permitted to move without ground guides in areas where troops are sleeping.

  • Mess facilities. Special attention is given to the selection of the mess area. It should be centrally located within the perimeter, away from interior roads to avoid contamination of the food by dust. The mess area should be at least 100 yards (90 meters) from the latrines. The serving line, or lines, are marked with engineer tape and strategically located to take advantage of available cover and concealment. Serving lines are planned so that a 5-yard (4.5 meter) interval is maintained between personnel under tactical conditions.

  • Latrines. Latrines are located on the downwind side of the operations area at least 100 yards (90 meters) from the water supply. Latrines should be able to accommodate at least 8 percent of the unit at a time. Hand-washing facilities should be located near the exits.

PLAN AND PREPARE POSITIONS FOR OCCUPATION

G-44. After the RSOP OIC determines the layout of the new position, he ensures that all ground guides know exactly where they are to go and where equipment is to be placed. Preparations also include marking the location of major sub elements of the unit. Everyone in the RSOP is updated on the challenge and password, changes to the original order or deviations to the SOP, and approximate arrival times of the main body and order of march.

OCCUPY, ORGANIZE, AND IMPROVE POSITIONS

G-45. The unit is extremely vulnerable during the initial occupation. The main entry control point (ECP) will serve as the dismount point for the arrival of the battery elements. If needed, use roving patrols to augment the light security screen and act as a quick reactionary force. Maintain site security; dig the ECP bunker, design the ECP range card, and run communications wire from the ECP to the battery jump CP. When the main body arrives at the new position, a ground guide meets each major sub-element and leads it to its position. All vehicles are moved off the access road release point and into the position area as quickly as possible, maintaining vehicle intervals for safety.

G-46. Once the main body arrives, the unit focuses all its efforts on rapidly establishing a defensive perimeter, establishing the up range and down range, and reestablishing fire unit operations as quickly as possible. The sooner they get back to their SOR/SOE the sooner they are able to fight. This is being done while maintaining communications to higher headquarters and also establishing internal communications between the CP and the ECS and also all other platoons. Work priorities are then established and unit personnel are given specific tasks to accomplish. Figure G-2 represents the list of supplies and duties needed to accomplish the RSOP mission.

RSOP CHECKLIST

PART I (PREPARATION STAGE):

___ 1. OIC receives briefing and then brief RSOP team within 5 minutes of receipt. After the briefing is given, the RSOP team has 30 minutes to gather necessary personnel and equipment and get off site. The following is information that the OIC should brief to his team.

___ a. Mission/PTL.

___ b. Enemy and friendly situation.

___ c. NBC intelligence.

___ d. Challenge/password.

___ e. Radio frequencies/call signs.

___ f. Current ADW.

___ g. Current state or stage of alert.

___ h. Primary, alternate supplemental locations and routes with maps.

___ i. Terrain and environment.

___ j. Action to take if attacked.

___ k. Movement times.

___ l. Strip maps.

___ m. Convoy procedures.

___ n. Risk assessment.

___ 2. OIC and the BC perform map reconnaissance noting —

___ a. Start point/release point.

___ b. Location of friendly units.

___ c. Potential ambush sites.

___ d. Check points.

___ e. Primary and alternate site locations.

___ f. Primary and alternate routes to the new site.

___ 3 NCOIC ensures the following personnel are available for the RSOP party.

___ a. OIC and NCOIC.

___ b. Driver/ RTO.

___ c. Security team.

___ d. Equipment guide, minesweeping, NBC team, reaction team.

___ e. Communications personnel.

___ f. Launcher personnel.

___ 4. OIC/NCOIC ensures all essential equipment is loaded per load plan to include the following (at a minimum)—

___ a. Supply of rations and water dependent on METT.

___ b. Chemical alarm.

___ c. NBC marking kit.

___ d. Chemical agent detector kit and power supply.

___ e. Mine detecting kit, and batteries.

___ f. Radiac meters.

___ g. Telephone sets, and WD1 communications wire.

___ h. Communications antenna and all sub components for FM commo.

___ i. Measuring tape or a marked engineer tape or rope.

___ j. Equipment marking stakes.

___ k. Map of area.

___ l. Camouflage screen systems.

___ m. Individual weapons and ammunition.

___ n. Protective equipment and LBE.

___ o. Automatic weapons.

___ p. Night sites for selected individual weapons.

___ q. Ground rods.

___ r. Sledgehammer.

___ s. Aiming circle.

___ t. Binoculars.

___ u. Grenade launcher and ammunition.

___ v. Coding equipment.

___ w. Chemical lights.

___ x. Individual flashlights.

___ 5. OIC briefs RSOP party on —

___ a. All items covered in the commander's briefing.

___ b. Convoy speeds.

___ c. Catch up speeds.

___ d. Air guards.

___ e. Procedures in case of attacks, roadblocks, or breakdown.

___ f. Risk Assessment

___ 6. OIC ensures:

___ a. All drivers have strip maps.

___ b. All soldiers have individual weapons, LBE and MOPP gear.

___ c. Chemical alarms are operational and ON.

___ d. All vehicle loads are secure.

___ e. RTO performs radio check with Bn/Btry.

PART II (Movement Stage):

___ 1. OIC performs route reconnaissance to determine if the route is acceptable, considering—

___ a. Overhead clearance.

___ b. Route security.

___ c. Traffic ability.

___ d. Road width.

___ e. Bridge weight classification.

___ f. Fording sites (amount of water a vehicle can drive through safely).

___ g. Areas for convoy dispersion.

___ h. Landmarks.

___ i. Location for road guides.

___ j. Hazard areas (mines, enemy, NBC).

___ 2. OIC directs specialty teams to secure new position using the following procedures.

___ a. NBC team checks areas with radiac meter, detector paper, and chemical agent kit.

___ b. Mine detection team conducts a broad zigzag sweep of site. Operators do not carry weapons. Security guard stays at least 15 meters behind sweeper.

___ c. NBC team and automatic weapon remain behind the mine sweep team.

___ d. Remainder of party form into two fire teams. The teams use bounding over watch, and sweep abreast behind the mine detectors covering the entire area to be occupied. The fire team members remain at least 15 meters.

___ e. OIC establishes rear, flank and forward LP or OP.

___ f. NBC team continually examines area for contamination, and positions alarm unit at the CP and the detector upwind.

___ g. OIC positions a machine gun to cover the site entry road.

___ h. OIC establishes a perimeter defense with rifleman positions or roving guards.

NOTE: NBC and mine sweeps are done if tactical situation warrants.

PART III (Survey Stage):

___ 1. OIC conducts a site survey/terrain analysis to ensure position acceptability (alternate location)—

___ a. Meets equipment requirements.

  • Size of area (1km2).

  • Slope of area less than 10 degrees.

  • Radar field of view along PTL (reduce radar clutter).

  • Clear field of fire.

  • Surface firmness (weather dependent).

___ b. Cover and Concealment.

___ c. Immediate access.

___ 2. RSOP OIC lays out new position with support from PADS team if needed. Designates areas for—

___ a. System equipment (marked with survey markings for radar and launchers only).

___ b. Administration

___ c. Vehicle parking.

___ d. Mess.

___ e. Bivouac.

___ f. Fuel truck and HAZMAT.

___ g. ECP bunker.

___ h. Latrine location.

___ 3. OIC ensures the equipment is laid out as follows:

___ a. Orients equipment to give maximum protection in the direction of the avenue of approach.

___ b. Emplaces equipment at the maximum cable length allowed by the site configuration.

___ c. Records ISLB data for radar set.

___ d. Determines PTL and known reference points.

___ e. Determines that line of sight exists for alignment.

___ f. Ensures the ECS door faces away from the radar.

___ g. Positions generators to minimize interference.

___ h. Establishes the CP location to ensure it is close to the ECS.

___ i. Positions equipment cables so they are not in a position to be ran over.

___ j. Marks all grounding rods with engineer tape to prevent being hit by vehicles.

___ 4. OIC conducts a rehearsal for ground guides for day and night, and for entry into site with their designated pieces of equipment.

___ a. Ground guides proceed to dismount point of arrival of the equipment.

___ b. OIC makes sure ground guides have colored lens flashlights or chemical lights to use during the hours of darkness (chemical lights may be used to mark equipment locations).

PART IV (Emplacement Stage):

___ 1. OIC ensures receipt of main body into the position so that no vehicle is required to stop along the access route.

___ 2. Priorities for site occupation are to prepare the Patriot system to fire/establish CP/BTOC/AMDPCS (as applicable), and establish air defense command and control.

___ 3. OIC maintains communication with a battery/battalion or brigade element (as appropriate).

Figure G-2. RSOP Checklist



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