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Appendix A

Organization

This appendix describes the organization of the Patriot battalion and its subordinate batteries. It also summarizes the functions of all the organizational elements that comprise the battalion and batteries.

PATRIOT BATTALION

A-1. The Patriot battalion consists of a headquarters and headquarters battery (HHB) and five firing batteries or fire units (FUs) as shown in Figure A-1. A battalion may be task organized with more or less batteries based on METT-TC.

Figure A-1. Patriot Battalion Organization

Figure A-1. Patriot Battalion Organization

HEADQUARTERS AND HEADQUARTERS BATTERY

A-2. The HHB is both a tactical and administrative organization and is organized as shown in Figure A-2. When tactically feasible, the HHB is centrally located in relation to other battalion elements, enabling it to provide responsive and timely support.

Figure A-2. HHB Organization

Figure A-2. HHB Organization

BATTALION HEADQUARTERS

A-3. The battalion headquarters provides command, operational control, and administrative and logistical support for the battalion. It is comprised of a command section, an intelligence/operations section (S2/S3), a personnel/logistic section (S1/S4), fire direction center (FDC) section, a communications platoon headquarters, a medical section and a chaplain. The functions performed by these elements are described below in Figure A-2.

COMMAND SECTION

A-4. The command section exercises command and control of the battalion and ensures that functions pertaining to the overall operation of the battalion are properly planned, coordinated, and executed. This section consists of the battalion commander, the executive officer, command sergeant major, and the coordinating and special staff officers. The command section must be able to visit all sites, and also be able to communicate with all batteries and sections within the battalion at any given time. During static and movement operations, the command section uses FM communications to coordinate movements and command and control operations within the battalion.

CHAPLAIN SECTION

A-5. The chaplain section is responsible for coordinating the religious assets and operations within the command. The section advises the commander on issues of religion, ethics, and morale, and provides pastoral care, personal counseling, and advice. They help the commander ensure that all soldiers have the opportunity to exercise their religion, and develop and implement the commander's religious support program. The chaplain section also provides moral and spiritual leadership to the command and community to include confined or hospitalized personnel, EPWs civilian detainees, and refugees. Due to the nature of the chaplain's duties and responsibilities he may be required to visit all locations within the battalion, and maintain FM communications with the command section.

S1/S4 SECTION

A-6. The personnel section (S1) is responsible for managing and coordinating all personnel and logistics-related matters. It advises and assists the commander in managing personnel records and reports, personnel replacements, morale and welfare and discipline. It also coordinates all maintenance and transportation requirements.

A-7. The supply section (S4) is responsible for missile resupply of the Patriot batteries. This section has control over the guided missile transport (GMT) that is used at battery levels. These are the only GMTs organic to the battalion. The S4 section provides organizational maintenance support for the battalion's quartermaster and chemical equipment. The S4 also coordinates all classes of supply, except class VIII (medical) with brigade. They also coordinate the requisition, acquisition, storage of supplies and equipment, and the maintenance of materiel records.

S2/S3 SECTION

A-8. The intelligence section (S2) is responsible for managing and coordinating all intelligence and operations-related matters. It collects, processes, and disseminates intelligence information; conducts and coordinates IPB; and coordinates counterintelligence and security operations.

A-9. The operations section (S3) prepares coordinates and distributes plans and orders including command SOPs, OPLANs, OPORDs, fragmentary orders, and warning orders. It also monitors the battle, synchronizes tactical operations, plans movements, supervises the command-training program, and assists in developing the unit's mission essential task list. The S3 supervises the system evaluation team. This team conducts tactical and technical evaluations of the firing batteries and the battalion fire direction center (FDC).

A-10. The intelligence/operations section operates the tactical command system (TCS). A crew consisting of three 14J EWS operators is required to operate the TCS. At least three crews must be available for continuous, 24-hour operations. The TCS directly supports the information coordination central (ICC) by providing automated defense and communications planning for the battalion and provides situational awareness to the commander.

COMMUNICATIONS PLATOON/HEADQUARTERS

A-11. The communications platoon includes a platoon headquarters, a communications center section, and a communications relay section. The communications center section is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the battalion radio sets and the battalion wire communications operations. It also handles administration of communications security (COMSEC) material and organizational maintenance of HHB communications equipment (less multi-channel). The communications relay section operates four communications relay groups (CRGs). The CRGs provide UHF (voice and data) and VHF communications to units not having line-of-sight with the battalion FDC.

MEDICAL SECTION

A-12. The medical section is responsible for coordinating health assets and operations within the command. It plans and supervises the treatment of sick, injured or wounded soldiers; patient and casualty evacuation; preventative medicine services; health education/lifesaver training; and preparation of health-related reports and battlefield statistics.

FIRE DIRECTION CENTER SECTION

A-13. The FDC exercises direct control and supervision of Patriot FUs and attached THAAD batteries during the air battle. The FDC is responsible for operating the ICC. A crew of three, consisting of one 14E tactical director, one 14E tactical director assistant, and one 31F network switch operator is required to operate the ICC. At least three crews must be available for continuous 24-hour operations. The ICC exchanges data and voice information with the brigade TOC, the Patriot FUs, the THAAD batteries, and adjacent Patriot battalions. If the brigade TOC is out of action, the ICC can establish TADIL-J as a primary or TADIL-B communications directly with the control and reporting center (CRC).

HEADQUARTERS BATTERY

A-14. Headquarters battery is organized with a battery headquarters section and a motor maintenance section. Headquarters battery supports the battalion. A headquarters battery section also provides command, unit administration, unit supply, and food service functions. It provides refueling and unit maintenance support for vehicles, power generators, and engineer missile equipment. MANPADS teams and equipment are assigned to provide self-defense for the FDC.

A.15. The motor maintenance section provides organizational maintenance for all HHB vehicles, power generation equipment, and air conditioners. The section has refueling equipment for the HHB equipment as well as providing vehicle recovery for HHB.

PATRIOT BATTERY (FIRE UNIT)

A-16. The Patriot battery organization, as shown in Figure A-3, is comprised of a battery headquarters section, a fire control platoon, a launcher platoon, and a maintenance platoon.

Figure A-3. Patriot Battery Organization

Figure A-3. Patriot Battery Organization

BATTERY HEADQUARTERS

A-17. A battery headquarters section provides command and control, unit administration, unit supply, medical support, and food service functions. The battery headquarters operates the battery command post (BCP). A crew consisting of two 14J EWS operators is required to operate the BCP. At least three crews must be available for continuous, 24-hour operations. The BCP operates in a manner similar to the TCS. It directly supports the ECS by providing automated defense and communications planning for the battery and provides situational awareness to the commander.

FIRE CONTROL PLATOON

A-18. The fire control platoon includes a headquarters section and a fire control section. The platoon is capable of sustained operations and is fully mobile. Fire control section's equipment includes the engagement control station (ECS), radar station (RS), electrical power plant (EPP), and the antenna mast group (AMG). During FU operations, the ECS is the only manned piece of equipment. The ECS is operated by a crew of three, consisting of one 14E tactical control officer, one 14E tactical control assistant, and one 31F network switch operator. At least three crews must be available for continuous, 24-hour operations. The ECS controls all engagements, and maintains communications with the ICC. The platoon has the necessary personnel to operate the EPP and perform diesel maintenance. The MANPAD team(s) coordinate for coverage of dead zones and other needed areas through the fire control platoon.

LAUNCHER PLATOON

A-19. The launcher platoon includes a headquarters section, and four launcher sections. Each section has two launching stations. Three personnel, who are capable of LS emplacement, march order, road march, reconnaissance, and sustained operations operate each launching station.

MAINTENANCE PLATOON

A-20. The maintenance platoon is organized with a platoon headquarters, communications section (headquarters section), motor maintenance section, and system maintenance section. Effective communications, reliable transportation, and system maintenance are essential to the FU's mission. The platoon headquarters exercises command and control over the maintenance platoon. The platoon leaders and platoon sergeants ensure that PMCS is performed in a timely and coordinated manner for each of their platoons, and for all of the unit's equipment. The motor support section provides organizational maintenance for all organic vehicles and generators, vehicle recovery, and refueling. The prescribed load list (PLL) is divided into two sections: conventional and systems. Each section is responsible for certain types of equipment within the battery. The conventional section maintains a PLL for motor support, communications and basic equipment. The system support section performs organizational maintenance for Patriot system-peculiar equipment, ECS, RS, LS, EPP, AMG, electronics, and maintenance test equipment.



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