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hard.copy Update 11/13/98



Locass Attack System Development Advances. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Craig Covault, Oct 26, 1998, pp 52, 55

Locass is designed to be a small, winged submunition which could loiter over a battlefield using its laser radar sensor to identify and strike targets autonomously. Each Locass will use GPS navigation to fly into a target area and establish a search pattern coordinated with the patters of other Locass dropped at the same time. It will carry a 17 lb warhead. The system will be designed to revolutionize how tanks, enemy air defenses or small ballistic missiles such as Scuds are attacked by strike aircraft.

Descriptors, Keywords: Scud Transporter Locass Low Cost Autonomous Attack System Air Launched Smart Weapon Attack Operations

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 01


In Orbit: Opening Shot. Aviation Week & Space Technology. James R. Asker, Nov 02, 1998, p 19

The inaugural launch from the Kodiak Launch Complex in Alaska is set for this week. The facility on Kodiak Island is the first new complete launch range developed since the 1970s. The first mission, set for Nov 4 during an 8-10 am local time window, is part of the US Air Force's Atmospheric Interceptor Technology program. The launch vehicle, consisting of surplus Minuteman 2 second and third stages modified by Orbital Sciences Corp., is to simulate an incoming missile and allow the USAF to evaluate two early warning radars on the West Coast.

Descriptors, Keywords: Kodiak Launch Complex AIT Program Atmospheric Interceptor Technology Alaska Aerospace Development

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 02


DS1 Outbound After Post Launch Scare. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Craig Covault, Michael A. Dornheim, Nov 02, 1998, pp 32-33

Ground controllers at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory are preparing for an initial firing of the large ion electric propulsion system on the Deep Space 1 spacecraft launched Oct. 24 on NASA's first Med-Lite version of the Boeing Delta 2 booster. Deep Space 1 (DS1) is the first spacecraft launched under NASA's New Millennium program. The JPL/Spectrum Astro spacecraft is to demonstrate 12 advanced technologies en route to intercept an asteroid in 1999 and one or two comets in 2001. Spectrum Astro designed and built the DS1 bus based on the BMDO MSTI spacecraft. Most avionics are on the outside, not the inside, of the structure.

Descriptors, Keywords: Deep Space 1 DS1 MSTI Spacecraft Large Ion Electric Propulsion

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 03


Reality Checks Boost Wargame Credibility. Aviation Week & Space Technology. William B. Scott, Nov 02, 1998, pp 63-64

The JNTF can simulate a complete missile defense C2 decision loop during a game, allowing a full test of concepts of operations. "[It's] the only event I know of that takes it from the highest-level user - a simulated President and National Command Authority - down to the shooter. Therefore, you get feedback on the entire spectrum, not just [issues] that impact the operator," said Canadian Forces Maj. J.D. Graham, JNTF director of NMD command and control simulation. Portions of the event are "canned," but NMD C2 Simulation is fully interactive, allowing human decisions to affect the outcome. "When those entargets are pre-decided," said Army LtCol Chris E. O'Connor, 3rd, deputy commander for wargaming and simulation at the JNTF. "But, on the Blue side, all reactions by US space personnel are human-in-the-loop, free play. They have to respond, using the prototype system to launch defensive missiles and to [obtain] release authority per the concept of operations."

Descriptors, Keywords: TRADOC Wargame Army After Next JNTF NMD Simulation C2

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 04


Japan Considers Hybrid Satellite Defense Options. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Eiichiro Sekigawa, Nov 02, 1998, p 29

In previous planning for its fiscal 1999 budget, the JDA turned down requests for research funding, but the North Korean activity has reversed that thinking. The JDA is calling for 1b yen ($7.4m) for TMD studies in the budget, which begins Apr. 1. That will buy Japan into US research efforts. JDA planners are interested in the Japanese Navy's Aegis cruisers being the base for anti-missile defenses. Research costs alone are expected to be 20-30b yen ($148m-222m) over a five-year period, with development costs of about 1 trillion yen ($7.4b). Opponents say TMD is too technically challenging and a waste of research money.

Descriptors, Keywords: Japan ALOS Early Warning Satellite TMD FY99 Budget

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 05


The Rumsfeld Report: What We Did; What They Didn't Do. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Richard L. Garwin; Lisbeth Gronlund & David Wright, Nov 01, 1998, pp 40-51

The report of the Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the US, commonly referred to as the Rumsfeld Report after its chairman, Donald Rumsfeld, was released last July and caused a major stir that is still swirling through Congress. Here are two commentaries: one by a member of the Rumsfeld Commission, the other by missile experts at the Union of Concern Scientists.

Descriptors, Keywords: Rumsfeld Report Commission Assess Ballistic Missile Threat US NMD deploy Union Concerned Scientists commentary

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 06


Known Nuclear Tests Worldwide, 1945-98. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Robert S. Norris & William M. Arkin, Nov 01, 1998, pp 65-67

Since the last update of "Known Nuclear Tests Worldwide", several tests have occurred and additional information has become available about several nations' nuclear programs. From 1945-98 the authors list 2,051 tests by seven nations, with the US and Soviet Union accounting for 85%. Almost 26% of the tests (528) were conducted in the atmosphere. The tables in this report are believed to be a complete list of all nuclear tests by the five declared nuclear weapon states and India and Pakistan.

Descriptors, Keywords: Nuclear tests worldwide India Pakistan US Soviet Union Russia UK France China

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 07


Interoperability With Allies Still Crucial, Esmond Says. Defense Daily. David Atkinson, Nov 03, 1998, pp 2-3

Although the Air Force is investing funds in new command and control systems that US allies may not be able to afford, the service is still placing a premium on interoperability, according to LtGen Esmond, the Air Force's deputy chief of staff for air and space operations.

Descriptors, Keywords: Interoperability Allies Esmond MEADS

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 08


Mark: Added BMDO Funding Could Help Reduce Program Risks. Defense Daily. Vago Muradian, Nov 05, 1998, pp 6-8

A portion of the $1b that Congress added to BMDO's FY99 budget could be used to accelerate the testing of antimissile systems to reduce the risk associated with their development, according to the Pentagon's director of defense research and engineering (DDR&E), Hans Mark.

Descriptors, Keywords: Mark DoD supplemental funding FY99 budget DDR&E testing risks

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 09


Germans, Italians Mull DoD Proposal To Use PAC-3 For MEADS. Defense Daily. Vago Muradian, Nov 02, 1998, pp 7-8

German and Italian officials are mulling whether to continue with the multinational MEADS effort, now that the Pentagon is urging its partners to adopt a modified version of the Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) missile, instead of developing a new weapon as planned.

Descriptors, Keywords: Germany Italy MEADS Pentagon PAC-3 missile proposal

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 10


Navy Says $130 Million Increase In FY99 Needed For Upper Tier. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Nov 03, 1998, pp 1-2

As the Pentagon considers how it will distribute $1 billion in FY99 emergency supplemental funding for ballistic missile defense, the Navy needs about $130m of that money to accelerate its Upper Tier, or Theater-Wide, program, according to R/A Rempt, deputy assistant secretary of the Navy for theater combat systems.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy Upper Tier FY99 funding increase supplemental ballistic missile defense Theater Wide Rempt

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 11


Japan, US Discuss Formalizing Missile Defense Effort. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Nov 04, 1998, pp 5-6

A nine-year cooperative project with the US to determine Japan's needs for theater ballistic missile defense (TBMD) and the required architecture is nearing a formal agreement. According to R/A Rempt, deputy assistant secretary for theater combat systems, "Japan has various strategies they're trying to sort through, but a key component is putting their Theater Wide, or Upper Tier, system aboard their ships. We're very hopeful we'll join in a cooperative development with Japan to provide Theater Wide capability for US and Japanese ships."

Descriptors, Keywords: Japan US TBMD Rempt Theater Wide Upper Tier theater ballistic missile defense

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 12


CINC On Pyongyang: 'We Don't Know What We Think We Know'. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Nov 02, 1998, p 6

North Korea's test of a three stage ballistic missile on August 31 provided a reminder of shortfalls in US intelligence about Pyongyang, according to Adm Joseph Prueher, commander of US forces in the Pacific.

Descriptors, Keywords: CINC Prueher Pyongyang North Korea test three stage ballistic missile US intelligence

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 13


Clinton Signs DoD Spending Bills, Criticizes Satellite Control Language. Inside Missile Defense. Keith J. Costa, Oct 28, 1998, pp 9-11

President Clinton, who signed the FY99 defense authorization and appropriations bill into law on October 17, praised the legislation for providing "a strong national defense" and "a better quality of life for our military personnel," but criticized an authorization provision on satellite exports and an appropriations reporting requirement for possible military activities in the Balkans. Clinton's statements on the FY99 defense acts are included with this article.

Descriptors, Keywords: FY99 appropriations authorization defense acts Clinton statements

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 14


SMDC Prepares For National Missile Defense Staffing Concept Approval. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 28, 1998, p 2

The Army Space and Missile Defense Command's force development and integration center expects approval in December by senior service leadership of a concept for manning the ground-based portion of the NMD system currently under development.

Descriptors, Keywords: SMDC NMD staff concept approval

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 15


Greater US-Russian Missile Defense Cooperation Mandated In Omnibus Act. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 28, 1998, p 19

Incorporated into the recently enacted FY99 omnibus appropriations package is language calling on the Clinton administration to seek greater cooperation with Russia on matters related to missile defense as well as provisions making changes to the ABM Treaty contingent upon Senate approval.

Descriptors, Keywords: US Russia missile defense cooperation mandate FY99 omnibus appropriations ABM Treaty restriction

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 16


ABM Treaty Review Reaffirms Pact As Cornerstone Of Strategic Stability. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Oct 28, 1998, pp 19-20

The five countries participating in the recent review of the ABM Treaty reaffirmed the fundamental importance of the treaty as a cornerstone of strategic stability for strengthening international security and promoting further reductions in strategic offensive arms.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABM Treaty review strategic stability US Belarus Kazakhstan Russia Ukraine

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 17


FY99 Emergency Appropriations Bill Adds $1 Billion For Missile Defense. Inside Missile Defense. Keith J. Costa, Oct 28, 1998, pp 4-6

The FY99 supplemental appropriations bill passed by Congress and signed by President Clinton adds $1b in emergency spending to the Pentagon's budget for ballistic missile defense.

Descriptors, Keywords: FY99 emergency appropriations bill BMD ballistic missile defense

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 18


France Criticises US Missile Shield For GCC. Jane's Defence Weekly. Ed Blanche, Nov 04, 1998, p 18

French Defense Minister Alain Richard has denounced a US proposal for the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states to join it in developing a missile defense network in the region, warning that it will accelerate the proliferation of missiles in the volatile region. "We do not think that organizing a heavy and costly anti-ballistic missile system is a factor towards maintaining security in the long run...and only brings a further escalation," Richard said. He said that the "simple and not too expensive" way to counter missile deployments in the region was to have disarmament accords.

Descriptors, Keywords: GCC Gulf Cooperation Council French Richard Cohen Proposal

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 19


Vital Aid? Pakistan's Dr A Q Khan Responds To Allegations That His Country Had Outside Help In Developing Its Nuclear Weapons. Jane's Defence Weekly. Robert Karniol, Nov 04, 1998, pp 21-22

Khan Research Laboratory's (KRL) Ghauri missile was first test fired on 6 April. According to Dr Kahn, it has a minimum range of 300k and a maximum range of 1,500km. "So far, there is only one Ghauri but a second version may be coming," he said, adding that extended range is a principal aim. A model of the Ghauri missile indicates that this missile has a single large diameter first-stage motor, not a cluster of four smaller 'Scud' motors as originally reported for the No Dong. Some reporters refer to the proposed Ghauri 2 as the Ghaznavi or Abdali. Independent analysis say Pakistan probably has fewer than 10 completed Ghauri missiles at present, one of which was successfully test fired earlier this year. Once deployed, all ballistic missiles are controlled by the army's 47th Independent Artillery Brigade.

Descriptors, Keywords: Pakistan Ghauri 2 Ghaznavi Abdali KRL WMD Proliferation Technology Transfer Abdul Quadeer Khan

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 20


Missile Defense Is Focus Of Joint Naval Exercises. Jane's Defence Weekly. Bryan Bender, Nov 04, 1998, p 10

Missile defense was one of the major focuses of the US Navy's fourth 'Fleet Battle Experiment' conducted last week with the Joint USFK - RoK annual 'Foal Eagle' exercise off the Korean peninsula. Responding to North Korea's continued pursuit of a viable ballistic missile force and the USA's lack of a proven defensive shield, the fleet injected simulated ballistic missile targets into its data networks to demonstrate interoperability with ground and air forces, therefore improving the Navy's ability to assist both passively and actively, in neutralizing North Korea's missile threat from offshore.

Descriptors, Keywords: Fleet Battle Experiment Foal Eagle North Korea Land Attack Warfare System Ring of Fire Concept

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 21


USN Modifies Aegis Weapon System For TBMD. Jane's Defence Weekly. Bryan Bender, Nov 04, 1998, p 8

US Navy has successfully modified its Aegis weapon system to detect, track and intercept tactical ballistic missiles with Standard missiles. The Linebacker modification uses specialized radar and computing software and hardware to provide improved tracking and reporting capabilities. The software has already been deployed on the US Army's Bradley Linebacker air defense vehicles. The Linebacker system can engage aerial targets day or night including aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles.

Descriptors, Keywords: AEGIS Linebacker Naval TBMD Standard Missile

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 22


Russia Studies Central Command For Strategic Nuclear Weapons. Jane's Defence Weekly. Nikolai Novichkov, Nov 04, 1998, p 3

Russia's first regiment of RS-12M2 Topol-M (SS-27) ICBMs will be operational in November, according to Maj Gen Sergey Ponomaryov, Chief of the Operational Department of the SRF General Staff. Although the general spoke before the failure of a Topol-M shortly after launch for a test flight late last month, officials insisted this would not delay the program. Five silos have already been equipped with the new missile and a further five are to be equipped before the end of the year.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia Joint Strategic Nuclear Forces SNF Topol-M SS-27 Deployment

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 23


Sea Scorpion: A Poor Man's ICBM?. Jane's Intelligence Review. Steven J. Zaloga, Nov 01, 1998, pp 5-7

The Rumsfeld Commission pointed out that the intelligence community tends to gauge a ballistic missile threat timeline by US and Soviet Union development patterns. The Commission also argued that the community needs to look at alternative development schemes. The article proposes that the Sea Scorpion missile could make such a scenario extremely likely. Under the Soviet regime, the Scorpion missile was deployed on ships to increase the number of missiles while not interfering with submarine based missile development. The article proposes that North Korea, Iran, Iraq and other countries could deploy less sophisticated versions of the Sea Scorpion, albeit with problems of accuracy and distance. By moving the launch vehicle -- the ship -- close in, distance (and to a lesser extent, accuracy) problems are mitigated.

Descriptors, Keywords: missile Sea Scorpion ICBM Rumsfeld Commission Iraq Iran North Korea Taepo'dong No-Dong Ghauri Scud ship based missile technical date USSR WMD accuracy reliability propellant configuration

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 24


Missile Export Licences Granted For Defendory. Jane's Intelligence Review, Nov 01, 1998, p 2

Russia has recently approved export licensing of sophisticated surface to air missile hardware to Greece. The equipment includes missiles for the Favorit S-300PMU-2 air defense system. Concurrently Russia is in the process of selling low to medium altitude SAM systems to Cyprus to protect the Cypriot S-300PMU-1 system.

Descriptors, Keywords: missile export license export control defendory Greece Russia Cyprus international relations trade foreign affairs SAM S-300PMU-1 S-300PMU-2 Favorit SAM TO SA-15 Turkey

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 25


Russia's Strategic View: Reduced Threats, Diminished Capabilities. Jane's Intelligence Review. Deborah Yarsike Ball, Nov 01, 1998, pp 8-10

The author argues that, contrary to US perceptions, the Russians no longer view themselves as a superpower and no longer seek parity, at least in the nuclear arena, with the US. The reason behind the change in perception is based on the economy. Currently Russia is seeking strategic stability over military parity. Specifically the Russians view a strategic nuclear attack on Russia or the CIS as a very low probability; a conventional attack against the CIS or Russia as low probability; and internal conflict within the CIS or Russia as having the highest probability.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russia strategy threat diminished capability Cold War arms reduction START-3 CIS economy parity stability strategic nuclear forces conventional forces

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 26


Israel Reviews Its Nuclear Deterrent. Jane's Intelligence Review. Harold Hugh, Nov 01, 1998, pp 11-13

With the launching of the Shahab-3 ballistic missile, Israel nuclear experts may be reviewing the Israeli nuclear deterrent to determine if it is capable of meeting the current -- and future threats. The author proposes that tactical nuclear weapons may be less important, longer-range missile may be developed, and greater emphasis placed on the Arrow-ABM system. He foresees more work for the Dimona nuclear research facility, although at significant ecological and toxicological risks if based on a comparison to the Hanford (Washington) site. He proposes that the Jericho II missiles at Zachariah will probably be used against threats from Iran and Iraq.

Descriptors, Keywords: Israel nuclear deterrence Shahab-3 missile Iraq Iran long range missiles Arrow Dimona nuclear research facility plutonium tritium reactor contamination chemical waste satellite imagery Jericho Zachariah transporters

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 27


Budget Surplus And Congressional Boosters Help Raise Research Funding For Fiscal 1999. Physics Today. Irwin Goodwin, Nov 01, 1998, pp 47-49

The article overall discusses the funding for R&D throughout the US government. While it focuses on funding for the National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, and NASA, DOD funding is also addressed. Specifically funding for THAAD was addressed.

Descriptors, Keywords: research and development funding R&D DOD DOE NASA NSF THAAD DARPA next generation internet biomedical program Sensenbrenner Mikulski Congress budget

UPDATE: Nov 06, 1998, No. 28

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