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hard.copy Update 08/21/98



Litton Wins Contract To Supply Traveling Wave Tubes For AMRAAM. Aerospace Daily, Aug 21, 1998, p 282

Litton was selected by Raytheon to provide traveling wave tubes used in the active seeker of the AIM-120 AMRAAM.

Descriptors, Keywords: traveling wave tubes active seeker AIM-120 AMRAAM Litton

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 01


TLAM Strikes Timed For Terrorist Gathering. Aerospace Daily, Aug 21, 1998, pp 287, 290

Responding to the bombings of two US Embassies, the US launched Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles from Navy ships in the Arabian and Red Seas, striking targets in Sudan and Afghanistan. According to Pres Clinton, the sites were an imminent threat to the US and are linked to terrorist activities lead by Osama bin Laden.

Descriptors, Keywords: US strike Tomahawk land attack missile Navy CMD terrorist Afghanistan Sudan Pres Clinton terrorism

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 02


Washington Outlook: Shooting For Radar Contact. Aviation Week & Space Technology. David Hughes, Aug 17, 1998, p 27

Pentagon officials have noted an acceleration in US research on bistatic radar, which they believe will let them locate stealth aircraft and cruise missiles. The concept has a large, manned aircraft transmitting a massive radar signal from behind friendly lines while other aircraft - probably UAVs - fly over enemy territory carrying sensitive receivers. These receivers are designed to catch the radar signals deflected by low observable aircraft and missiles. Modern high speed computers will then plot the threat's position.

Descriptors, Keywords: Cruise Missile Bistatic Radar Detection

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 03


USAF Shifts Technology For New Future In Space. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Craig Covault, Aug 17, 1998, pp 40,44,47

The Defense Dept, NASA, and other agencies have initiated a major new effort to coordinate federal space technology development. The effort is designated, the Space Technology Alliance. Under the Alliance, the Army, Navy, Air Force, NASA, the National Reconnaissance Office, Energy Dept, Darpa and BMDO are, for the first time, coordinating all their space technology initiative. The top space technology managers for the eight agencies have been quietly meeting in Washington about every month since October to chart this new strategy to refocus several hundred million dollars in annual federal space technology development. A new US space technology database is being compiled at NRO to help chart the coordination.

Descriptors, Keywords: Space Technology Alliance TechSat 21 Space Policy Hyperspectral Imaging Optics Solar Pumped Laser Space Based Radar

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 04


Weldon Offers NMD Bill. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 278

This is a brief article on the NMD's House Resolution 4402 bill that was unveiled and filed by Rep Curt Weldon on Aug 5.

Descriptors, Keywords: house resolution 4402 national security Weldon

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 05


NMD Office Gets Ready For Siting Studies. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 278

The NMD project office is preparing a list of US military installations in Alaska and North Dakota as part of the process of being ready to move forward to deploy a NMD system at a site or sites, if such a decision is made after review in 2000.

Descriptors, Keywords: NMD project site military US

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 06


Norwegian Ground-Launched AMRAAM Declared Operational. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 274

The Norwegian air defense system, which uses a US Advanced Surface to Air Missile System (AMRAAM) with a ground launcher, successfully passed the test and final verification milestone on Aug 5 at the US Army's Short Range Air Defense Range. This system has stimulated much interest from other nations, including United States.

Descriptors, Keywords: Advanced Surface Air Missile System AMRAAM ground launcher missile Norwegian test platform

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 07


THAAD Flight Failure Pinned To Connector. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 278

As first suspected, the cause of the failure of the most recent THAAD missile flight test was a component failure, a short circuit in the thrust vector control mechanism. Failure analysis teams have reported back to BMDO Director LtGen Lester Lyles on flight test eight, held May 12.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD missile flight test Lyles vector component

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 08


BMDO Projects Y2K Costs Of $18.5M. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, pp 269-271

From 1996 through 2000, BMDO expects to spend $18.5 million on its Year 2000 (Y2K) program. The estimated cost includes funds already spent on the program, in addition to estimates of what programs plan to spend in the future on Y2K issues.

Descriptors, Keywords: Y2K weapon program DoD office management budget OMB ground based radar prototype NMD

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 09


DoD IG, BMDO Overlap On Y2K. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 272

While the DoD Inspector General examined BMDO initiatives on the computing situation for the year 2000 (Y2K), BMDO was putting its own Y2K management plan in place and reviewing information coming in on 190 systems. In the case of two IG recommendations, auditors were finding and pointing out problems BMDO had already identified and was in the process of correcting.

Descriptors, Keywords: DoD THAAD NMD Y2K government

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 10


Conference On Disarmament To Work On Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 275

The United Nations Conference on Disarmament is putting together an Ad Hoc Committee to negotiate a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty, and members could be announced as soon as this week.

Descriptors, Keywords: Fissile Material Cut Off Treaty conference banning delegate Ad Hoc Committee UK disarmament

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 11


THAAD Cost Overruns $732M So Far. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 278

DoD spokesman Kenneth Bacon said at a regular news briefing that there is a big cost overrun in the THAAD program. The subject came up after the overruns were reported in the Aug 10 issue,

Defense Week. Descriptors, Keywords: overrun Bacon THAAD program

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 12


Spring: ABM Agreements Dangerous. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 276

In a background brief released this month, Spring called administration policy dangerous. The 1972 ABM Treaty has hampered the ability of the United States to defend itself since it was ratified, he writes, and three agreements signed in September 1997 could threaten national security.

Descriptors, Keywords: national security Spring ABM Treaty agreement deployment missile defense Gulf War administration

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 13


Russian Defense Boss Says No Y2K Problem For Nukes. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 273

Russian defense minister and former commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces says there won't be any problems with Russian nuclear forces when the year 2000 rolls around, though elsewhere, experts worry about computing confusion.

Descriptors, Keywords: Russian Y2K 2000 nuclear Strategic Rocket Force

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 14


Navy Tests New Target Missile At RIMPAC 98 Exercise. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 277

Navy has put together a new ballistic missile target, called the Terrier Missile Target (TMT), which has successfully completed its first flight during the Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise 98.

Descriptors, Keywords: Navy ballistic missile Terrier Missile Target TMT Rim Pacific RIMPAC

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 15


Krepinevich: A Rigorous Assessment Needed Of Dangers To Homeland. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, p 281

In the wake of the report by the Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States, the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA) sees the need for "a prompt, comprehensive assessment of the dangers to the American homeland, both in the near term and long term and strategic options for meeting them." Such an assessment should consider the full range of potential threats and options, the possibilities and limits of technology, the panoply of arms control and diplomatic tools and cost.

Descriptors, Keywords: Commission Assess ballistic missile threat budgetary capabilities Krepinevich program danger cruise attack United States

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 16


BMDO Y2K Program Offers Side Benefits. BMD Monitor, Aug 21, 1998, pp 271-272

As BMDO manages its programs to make sure the computers make it through 2000 without problems, the Y2K management office is finding other benefits such as educating people on quantify cost, good inventory and other benefits.

Descriptors, Keywords: benefit Y2K computer SETA TRW

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 17


New Agni Program Starts In India. Defense News, Aug 21, 1998, p 273

This is a brief article on the second phase of the Agni ballistic missile program, which has received the go ahead from the Indian government. This program has started many fears in countries, such as United States and Pakistan.

Descriptors, Keywords: Agni II ballistic missile United States one ton warhead

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 18


THAAD Report: Short Circuit To Blame, But Cause Unknown. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Aug 17, 1998, pp 1, 12

After two months of study, an investigative board has determined that the immediate cause of the fifth consecutive failure of the high-profile THAAD system was a short circuit in the booster. However, the failure analysis provided no definite answer as to what caused the short to happen in the first place. The next test is not expected until late fall or early winter.

Descriptors, Keywords: THAAD test flight analysis antimissile interceptor launch short circuit

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 19


China Weighs Controlling Future Exports Of Missiles. Defense Week. David Ruppe, Aug 17, 1998, p 3

The Chinese government has begun to consider joining a major international regime, the MTCR, which restricts exports of sensitive missile technology. The MTCR is designed to slow the spread of ballistic missiles and related technology around the world-- though its strength has been the subject of debate because it is not legally binding. Twenty-nine countries are currently members.

Descriptors, Keywords: China MTCR exports control missile technology control regime

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 20


Appropriators Again Likely To Finish Ahead Of Authorizers. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Aug 17, 1998, p 5

Two House-Senate conference panels--one debating the FY99 defense authorization bill and the other, the defense appropriations bill--are both looking to complete their work the week of September 14. Staffers predict the appropriations conference might finish a week earlier, making three years in a row that they have outpaced the authorizers and, again, raising questions about the relevance of the authorizing panels, the HNSC and the SASC.

Descriptors, Keywords: FY99 defense authorization appropriations Senate House conference HNSC SASC

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 21


White House: Timing Is Only Dispute Over NMD. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Aug 17, 1998, p 5

A White House spokesman said the Clinton administration and congressional Republicans agree that deploying a NMD system is a good idea, but they disagree on the timing.

Descriptors, Keywords: White House Clinton Congress NMD deployment

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 22


Last Titan IVA Explodes In Mid-Air Failure. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Aug 17, 1998, p 14

The final Air Force Titan IVA-variant launch vehicle exploded some 40 seconds after lift-off on August 12. The launch failure effectively grounded the largest military booster in use until an Accident Investigation Review Board can determine the cause of the mishap.

Descriptors, Keywords: Titan IVA launch vehicle explosion failure military booster rocket

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 23


House Votes To Limit US Action Within ABM Treaty's Administrative Body. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Aug 19, 1998, pp 7-8

The House passed an amendment to the FY99 Appropriations bill that would block funds earmarked for the ABM Treaty's administrative body from being used to implement multilateralization of the pact. This is an effort to stop what the House refers to as the Clinton administration's attempt to force changes to the ABM Treaty without Senate consent.

Descriptors, Keywords: ABM Treaty FY99 defense appropriations amendment Weldon

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 24


Experts Debate Legal Status Of ABM Pact As Preface To Broader Dialogue. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Aug 19, 1998, pp 5-7

A legal memorandum released in late June that asserted the ABM Treaty was null and void, will be the topic of debate at an October discussion, sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations. Former arms control negotiator Thomas Graham will defend the continued existence of the treaty, while David Rivkin, senior partner at the law firm that authored the study, will argue the memo's findings.

Descriptors, Keywords: Legal status debate ABM Treaty memorandum Graham Rivkin

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 25


House Measure Will Make It US Policy To Deploy National Missile Defense. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Aug 19, 1998, pp 4-5

Curt Weldon (R-PA), a leading congressional missile defense proponent, introduced a bill August 5 to make it the policy of the US to deploy a NMD and force a major change in the Clinton administration's current NMD strategy.

Descriptors, Keywords: House bill Weldon US NMD deployment Clinton strategy

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 26


National Missile Defense Site Surveys Begin In Alaska. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Aug 19, 1998, pp 1, 10

According to a BMDO spokesman, a team comprised of Army Corps of Engineers and Army Space and Missile Defense Command officials is scheduled to be in Alaska this week to commence siting work on potential locations for NMD system elements.

Descriptors, Keywords: site location NMD elements Army deployment

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 27


National Missile Defense Booster Decision Criticized By Air Power Advocates. Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Aug 19, 1998, pp 1-3

A former member of the JCS, AF Gen Michael Ryan, says DoD's recent NMD booster choice, a non-Minuteman booster, was the "wrong decision" and is warning of cost overruns and the inability of the system to be developed in the near-term to meet the emerging threat.

Descriptors, Keywords: Air Force Ryan JCS DoD NMD booster Minuteman

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 28


Pentagon Demilitarization Alternatives Criticized For Being Too Narrow. Inside The Pentagon. Darcia R. Harris, Aug 20, 1998, p 2

The DoD destroys chemical weapons by incinerating them in the community where they are stored. This program is plagued by safety violations, cost overruns, and public opposition. The Alternative To Chemical Weapons Assessment Program (ACWA) has announced three viable alternatives to incineration: General Atomics' Supercritical Water Oxidation, Burns and Roe's Plasma Arc, and Parsons-Allied Signal's Neutralization/Bio-Treatment. But the Chemical Weapons Fund, a group opposed to incineration, claims that the army is unwilling to additional studies.

Descriptors, Keywords: WMD chemical weapons incineration safety violation cost overrun public opposition alternatives General Atomics Supercritical Water Oxidation Burns Roe Plasma Arc Parsons Allied Signal Neutralization Bio-Treatment Chemical Weapons Fund

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 29


GOP: White House May Have Withheld Evidence: Lawmakers, National Security Council Clash At North Korea Briefing. Inside The Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Aug 20, 1998, pp 1,14-15

House lawmakers met with the NSC, expressing concern that the Clinton administration has not been forthcoming with information about Pyongyang's compliance with the 1994 US - North Korean Agreed Framework. Satellite photos now show that North Korea is tunneling into a mountainside, possibly to build a massive nuclear weapons facility.

Descriptors, Keywords: North Korea nuclear weapon compliance NPT

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 30


House Committee On Appropriations: Letter To The Honorable William J. Lynn, UnderSecretary Of Defense To CW Bill Young, Chairman Of The National Security Subcommittee. Inside The Pentagon, Aug 20, 1998, pp 16-28

The letter includes NSC approval of the Omnibus Reprogramming listing of proposed program increases and decreases.

Descriptors, Keywords: FY99 budget appropriation NSC Congress funding

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 31


As USACOM Focuses On Implementation Strategy, Military Attempts To Square Joint War Experiment Plans With 'VISION'. Inside The Pentagon. Elaine M. Grossman, Aug 20, 1998, pp 1, 10-11

A meeting between USACOM and the Joint Staff took steps to bring together the joint warfighting experiment and implementation of Joint Vision 2010.

Descriptors, Keywords: USACOM Joint Vision 2010 joint warfighting experiment implementation strategy

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 32


USN Makes A Target Out Of A Standard SAM Missile. Jane's Defence Weekly, Aug 19, 1998, p 7

The surplus Standard SAM was converted into what the navy calls the Terrier Missile Target-1 (TMT-1) and fired from a MK-5 launcher at the Pacific Missile Test Range last month. During a recent test, the TMT-1 was configured to resemble a 'Scud' missile and was fired 144mm down range and was successfully tracked by both Aegis cruisers and destroyers, according to navy officials. Additional flight tests are scheduled for October.

Descriptors, Keywords: Standard SAM Missile Navy Ballistic Target TMT-1 Terrier Missile Target 1

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 33


Anti-Ship Missiles Intent On Littoral And Land Attack Roles. Jane's International Defense Review. Mark Hewish, E.R. Hooton, Joris Janssen Lok, Aug 01, 1998, pp 42-45, 47-49

The focus of Western anti-ship missile (ASM) suppliers is shifting increasingly from the traditional blue water mission to a much more diverse capability, including littoral and land attack. The aspired maritime multi-role surface-to-surface guided weapon (SSGW) should be able to select a specific ship target within congested waters, detect and hit a ship surrounded by islands, positioned against the coast or alongside in port; and also to find and take out land targets.

Descriptors, Keywords: Anti Ship Missile ASM SSGW Sea Skimming Missile Sea SLAM Harpoon Block II JASSM Littoral Mission

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 34


US Navy To Test IRST For Boost Phase Intercept. Jane's International Defense Review, Aug 01, 1998, p 14

US Office of Naval Research has awarded Raytheon a two-year contract worth $7.9m to supply a combined infrared search and track/eyesafe laser rangefinder (IRST/ELRF) sensor for flight trials aboard an E-2C Hawkeye aircraft. The program, supported by the Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division with sponsorship from the BMDO, is intended to reduce the risk associated with developing a surveillance and fire control system for use with a BPI weapon to engage theater ballistic missiles.

Descriptors, Keywords: Infrared Search and Track Eyesafe Laser Rangefinder IRST/ELRF IBIS BPI

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 35


Aerothermodynamics Of A Parashield Re-Entry Vehicle. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. Harry K. Magazu, Mark J. Lewis, David L. AKin, Aug 01, 1998, pp 434-441

Feasibility and performance are investigated for a baseline configuration of a parashield reentry vehicle, so named because it combines features of a parasol in a folding heatshield that might also be used as a landing parachute. The flowfield properties and heat transfer response are calculated for a 150-kg, 2.6 m diameter baseline parashield vehicle on a reentry trajectory from low earth orbit. The reentry shield is formed from high temperature cloth stretched over rigid folding spars and has a very low ballistic coefficient.

Descriptors, Keywords: aerothermodynamics parashield reentry vehicle feasibility performance configuration Nextel ceramic fabric spar orbit heating payload volume mass

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 36


Magnus Effects On Stability Of Wraparound-Finned Missiles. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. Omer Tanrikulu, Gokmen Mahmutyazicioglu, Aug 01, 1998, pp 467-472

Wraparound fins are widely used as aerodynamic stabilizers for unguided missiles. Wraparound-finned configurations have more complicated flight dynamics when compared with configurations with planar fins. General linear free flight dynamic stability criteria of unguided missiles with wraparound fins are well known. However, until now, simplified criteria that consider a static side moment, due to wraparound fins has the only significant out-of-plane effect, have been utilized in design.

Descriptors, Keywords: Magnus effect stability wraparound fin missile aerodynamics stability configuration criteria side moment dynamic analysis

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 37


Launch Detection Satellite System Engineering Error Analysis. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. M.R. Beaulieu, K.T. Allfriend; T. Jerardi, Aug 01, 1998, pp 487-495

An orbiting detector of infrared energy may be used to detect the rocket plumes generated by ballistic missiles during the powered segment of their trajectory. By measuring the angular directions of arrival of the detections over several observations, the trajectory properties, launch location, and impact area may be estimated using a nonlinear least square iteration procedure. Observations from two or more sensors may be combined to form stereoscopic lines of sight, increasing the accuracy of the algorithm. A computer model is presented of an estimation algorithm that determines what parameter or combination of parameters will have a significant effect on the error of the tactical parameter estimation.

Descriptors, Keywords: launch detection satellite system engineering error analysis infrared energy rocket plume trajectory LOS DSP defense support program NORAD ICBM TBM SBIRS Patriot Aegis umbrella

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 38


Application Of Numerical Multizone Approach To The Study Of Satellite Thruster Plumes. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. D. Giordano, M. Ivanov, A. Kaskovsky, G. Markelov, G. Tumino, G. Koppenwallner, Aug 01, 1998, pp 502-508

The work performed during the implementation phase of an integrated set of computer codes developed to study plume flows generated from satellite main engines and thrusters is described. The major aim of the work was to achieve the capability to cover the complete cycle of gas dynamics analyses required to assess the impact that plume impingement effects may have on the satellite and on its sensitive payload or instrumentation.

Descriptors, Keywords: application numerical multizone approach satellite thruster plume Monte Carlo calculation Navier-Stokes XMM thruster nozzle surface contamination heating loss perturbation near field far field

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 39


Midcourse Space Experiment Satellite Flight Measurements Of Contaminants On Quartz Crystal Microbalances. Journal Of Spacecraft And Rockets. B.E. Wood, D.F. Hall, J.C. Lesho, O.M. Uy, J.S. Dyer, W.T. Bertrand, Aug 01, 1998, pp 533-538

The Midcourse Space Experiment (MSX) is a Ballistic Missile Defense Organization demonstration and validation satellite program that has both defense and civilian applications. MSX was launched on April 24, 1996, and has UV, visible, and infrared instruments including the Space Infrared Imaging Telescope (SPIRIT 3) cryogenic telescope. MSX had several contamination-measuring instruments to monitor pressure, gas species, water and particulate concentration, and condensable gas species. A cryogenic quartz crystal microbalance (CQCM) and four temperature controlled quartz crystal microbalances were part of this suite of contamination measuring instruments onboard the satellite. The CWCM was located internal to the Spirit 2 cryogenic telescope and was mounted adjacent to the primary mirror. The CQCM provided a real-time monitor of contaminant mass deposition on the primary mirror which was cooled to the same temperature as the mirror.

Descriptors, Keywords: MSX midcourse space experiment satellite flight measurements contaminant quartz crystal microbalance TQCM CQCM deposition rate silicone organics flux SPIRIT-3 infrared telescope atmosphere reflectance transmittance

UPDATE: Aug 21, 1998, No. 40

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