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hard.copy Update: 10/02/98

Rep Saxton Pushes SPY-1 Radar Upgrade For Navy Theater Wide. Aerospace
Daily, Sep 28, 1998, p 500
Rep Jim Saxton (R-NJ) is pushing the Navy to upgrade the SPY-1 Radar to be
ready for prototype testing in support of the Navy Upper Tier TMD system. 
US Army May Need Supplemental To Restore THAAD. Aerospace Daily, Sep 28,
1998, p 498
The $376m cut in defense appropriations for FY99 THAAD program may force the
Army to request supplemental appropriations to avoid major program
disruptions. THAAD is seen as vulnerable because it is farther along in
development than other missile defense programs and because of its expense
and technical problems. 
What's Ahead In Aerospace: Know Your Enemy. Aerospace Daily, Sep 28, 1998, p
A recent "Strategic Assessment," by National Defense University reports that
China, Russia, and India may invest in leap-ahead technologies to undermine
US dominance in battlefield knowledge warfare. 
DoD Has 'Full Responsibility' To Move Out On NMD, Conference Says. Aerospace
Daily, Sep 29, 1998, pp 505, 508
The FY99 congressional defense appropriations conferees place 'full
responsibility' on the DoD to 'prudently and aggressively complete' the
technical work and testing necessary for an effective NMD, protecting all 50
states. The conferees view NMD as a national priority. The FY99 NMD budget
of $950m was approved by all congressional committees considering it without
Second Sensor Added To Surveillance Testbed. Aviation Week & Space
Technology, Sep 28, 1998
A Raytheon-built IR sensor was installed in the aft module of Boeing's
Airborne Surveillance Testbed aircraft. The AST crew will test the sensor's
software to verify it can acquire and track targets. Similar sensors are to
be installed on the US Navy theater ballistic interceptor missiles. 
Viewpoint: Tests In North Korea, Iran Show Need For Defenses. Aviation Week
& Space Technology. Curt Weldon, Sep 28, 1998, p 86
"The Administration, in a vain attempt to deflect congressional and public
criticism, points to its so-called 3 plus 3 program as evidence of its
commitment to deploying a national missile defense system. The reality is
that the Administration has no intention of making the decision to deploy a
NMD system in the year 2000. The Administration has repeatedly under-funded
its own 3 plus 3 program....failed to provide long-lead funds...that would
be necessary for a 2003 deployment. The Administration's true intentions
also are betrayed by its failure to begin talks with the Russian government
on the US deployment of a NMD despite the fact that a deployment decision is
less than two years away." 
Defense Bill Augments Aerospace At Margins. Aviation Week & Space
Technology. Paul Mann, Sep 28, 1998, pp 23-25
A bipartisan $270.5b defense authorization bill for FY99 has been approved
by a House/Senate conference committee. The committee fully funded President
Clinton's $950.5m request for NMD and authorized $527.4m for the THAAD
program's Dem/Val phases. But lawmakers zeroed out funds for THAAD's EMD, a
$294.3m cut from the President's request. ABL was authorized at $57m below
request but NTW, SBL, AIT, Arrow and THEL were increased. 
Congress Zeroes MEADS Funding, Puts Money Into Mobile PAC-3. Defense Daily.
Vago Muradian, Oct 01, 1998, pp 6-8
Senate and House conferees have decided to virtually zero $43m in funding
for the MEADS program and direct $10m to a new, experimental missile defense
program to furnish the PAC-3 system, now under development, with a new
Appropriators Agree On $250.5 Billion Defense Spending Bill. Defense Daily.
Sheila Foote, Sep 28, 1998, pp 3-4
House and Senate conferees last week agreed on a $250.5b FY99 Defense
Appropriations Bill that is $488m less than the administration requested. 
Defense Watch: THAAD And Navy Area Wide. Defense Daily, Sep 28, 1998, pp 1-3
Two brief items: Army LTG Paul Kern suggested the service could ask Congress
for additional funding for the missile defense system if it achieves success
in upcoming flight tests. Sen John Warner (R-VA) said area wide, or upper
tier, theater ballistic missile defense (TBMD) should be one of the Navy's
"highest" priorities because of the emerging threats to ships in the
littorals and US forces called upon to operate in those regions. 
US Navy Strives To Boost Inventory Of Tomahawks. Defense News. Robert
Holzer, Sep 28, 1998, pp 4, 20
Facing shortage of Tomahawk cruise missiles, which is exacerbated every time
they are used in combat, US Navy officials are studying near-term options to
boost the service's inventory. 
Pentagon May Accelerate Navy Antimissile Program. Defense News. Robert
Holzer, Sep 28, 1998, pp 3, 20
Pentagon officials are weighing options that US Navy leaders say could
accelerate fielding of the service's Theater Wide missile defense system by
as much as six years. 
Raytheon Unit To Help Decommission Nukes. Defense News, Sep 28, 1998, p 13
Raytheon Systems Co., will aid the US government in helping the successor
states of the Soviet Union reduce their nuclear weapons and supporting
Britain Holds Fire Move To Theater Missile Defense. Defense News. Douglas
Barrie, Sep 28, 1998, p 10
Britain's Ministry of Defence is adopting a wait-and-see attitude toward
establishing a theater missile defense program, despite an acknowledgment in
its July Strategic Defence Review that the threat from ballistic missiles is
THAAD Program Faces Overhaul, Budget Cuts. Defense News. Lisa Burgess, Sep
28, 1998, pp 3, 20
Pentagon officials are debating whether to abandon current testing for the
Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system while considering a
sweeping restructuring of the troubled missile defense program. Meanwhile,
US lawmakers last week took out their annoyance with the continued testing
failures by cutting the program's 1999 budget. 
US Violation Endangers Chemical Weapons Treaty: Supporters Claim US Stance
Could Encourage Cheaters. Defense News. David Mulholland, Sep 28, 1998, p 6
US violation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) threatens to gut the
18-month-old treaty's verification mechanisms and is infuriating US allies.
In particular, the US failure to uphold the treaty Washington has ratified
is leading other countries to balk at compliance, according to diplomatic
experts on the treaty. 
FBI: Doomsday Attack In US 'Very Likely'. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Sep
28, 1998, pp 1, 13
In a previously unpublicized letter contained in a hearing volume released
earlier in September the FBI told the Senate Select Committee that "it is
very likely that there will be continued instances of WMD use in the US in
the next two to five years, since the US has experienced increases in the
number of individuals producing, possessing, planning and/or using chemical
and biological materials." 
US Remote-Sensing Policy Called Unclear. Defense Week. Bill Carey, Sep 28,
1998, p 16
Disjointed regulatory oversight and lack of direction by the government
threaten to stem the advance of the US commercial remote-sensing industry,
set to launch its first high-resolution imaging satellite this fall,
executives charge. 
Appropriators File Fiscal 1999 Bill. Defense Week. David Ruppe, Sep 28,
1998, pp 3, 9
A House-Senate conference filed its report on the $250.5b FY99 defense
appropriations bill. Overall, ballistic missile defense was provided $3.45b
for procurement and RDT&E. The THAAD system got $445m, or $376m less than
the administration's request. Navy Theater-Wide (Upper Tier) missile defense
program received $310m, $120m more than requested. The National Missile
Defense (NMD) program was given $951m, as requested. 
'Significant' Missile-Defense Overruns Documented. Defense Week. Tony
Capaccio, Sep 28, 1998, p 2
Boeing, Lockheed Martin, and Raytheon are experiencing significant cost
overruns in developing the National Missile Defense (NMD) system that would
defend the US from ballistic missile attacks. The Pentagon is absorbing
overruns of about $195m because of the terms of the contracts. Congress
could cancel the program if costs grow and serious technical problems
Domestic '911' Program Beset By Inefficiency. Defense Week. John Donnelly,
Sep 28, 1998, pp 1, 14
According to a recent GAO report, the Pentagon-run, multi-agency initiative
known as the Nunn-Lugar-Domenici Domestic Preparedness Program enacted two
years ago to meet the perceived threat of "weapons of mass destruction" to
the US is being run in an inefficient and in some ways random manner. The
program has never conducted any threat analysis to determine how best to
spend $157m, GAO says. 
Rumsfeld Panelist Proposes Joint ABM 'Test Range' In Russian Far East.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Sep 16, 1998, pp 1, 25-26
Richard Garwin, a member of the Rumsfeld Commission, proposed the creation
of a joint US-Russian anti-ballistic missile "test range" in the far eastern
section of Russia, from which land-based missile defenses could knock out
North Korean missiles headed for the US. This is one possible solution for
dealing with a future North Korean long-range missile threat. 
US Takes Low-Key Approach As Five-Year Review Of ABM Treaty Nears. Inside
Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Sep 16, 1998, pp 15-16
As the US prepares for the five-year review of the 1972 ABM Treaty to be
held in October with Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine the US
delegation has no plans to use the upcoming talks as a forum to advocate
treaty changes that would more readily accommodate US missile defense plans.
DoD Acquisition Chief Aims To Cut R&D Infrastructure Costs By 25 Percent.
Inside Missile Defense. Richard Lardner, Sep 16, 1998, pp 17-23
Pentagon acquisition chief Jacques Gansler plans to reduce the cost of the
military's research and development infrastructure by at least 25% over the
next seven fiscal years. The task will be made all the more difficult by
restrictions that prevent DoD from unilaterally shutting down laboratories
and other test facilities. A copy of the Gansler Directive on R&D
Infrastructure Study is included with this article. 
Senate GOP Fails Once Again To Get A Vote On NMD Deployment Legislation.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Sep 16, 1998, pp 6-7
The Senate rejected a Republican-sponsored bid September 9 to consider
legislation that would make it US policy to deploy a NMD as soon as
technologically possible, despite recent tests by Iran and North Korea of
longer-range, more sophisticated missiles. 
Shelton Defends Stance On NMD, Labeling Technology 'Just Not There' Yet.
Inside Missile Defense. Erin Q. Winograd, Sep 16, 1998, p 8
Defending his stance on the missile threat facing the US, Gen Henry Shelton,
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said last week the country should
pursue the development of a NMD system, but must not sacrifice scarce
financial resources to try to accelerate a technology that is still
Final Pentagon Decision On THAAD's Future May Now Be More Than A Month Away.
Inside Missile Defense. Daniel G. Dupont, Sep 16, 1998, pp 1, 16-17
With termination of the THAAD program an option favored by some within OSD,
Lockheed Martin is discussing other ways to ease concerns and allow the test
program to continue. 
Influential Senators Urge Cohen To Review, Increase Missile Defense
Spending. Inside Missile Defense. Daniel G. Dupont, Sep 16, 1998, p 5
Three Senators, Lott, Thurmond and Smith, eyeing Pentagon plans that show a
steep reduction in missile defense spending over the next few years, are
urging SecDef Cohen to undertake a requirements review of missile defense
programs that is driven by expected threats and not by an annual spending
Multilateralization Not On Table At ABM Treaty Review. Inside Missile
Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Sep 16, 1998, pp 1, 15
Next month's planned review of the ABM Treaty, which occurs every five
years, will not be used by the parties to formally implement
multilateralization of the 26-year old pact as some critics have suggested,
according to senior Clinton administration officials. 
Israel's Arrow II Achieves Simulated Intercept In First Full-System Test.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Sep 16, 1998, p 3
Israel's Arrow II missile successfully intercepted a "simulated target" in a
test that brought together the system's radar, missile and fire control
elements for the first time. The Arrow is a TMD system developed by Israel
with US technical and financial assistance for the missile component. 
US Hopes Japan Will Move Forward On Theater Missile Defense Cooperation.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Sep 16, 1998, pp 4-5
The Clinton administration hopes North Korea's recent test of a missile over
Japan and the Japanese public's outrage will help the country overcome
domestic and international pressure and sign an agreement on TMD research
with the US at a high-level meeting later this week. 
Japan Joins USA In Theater Missile Defense Research. Jane's Defence Weekly.
Kensuke Ebata, Sep 30, 1998, p 3
Japan has agreed to joint the USA in a joint research program on TMD. The
agreement was concluded in New York on 20 September during the bilateral
two-plus-two meeting involving defense and foreign ministers. Japan's
hesitation was partly because of the massive cost involved, by some
estimates totaling over $15b for Japan's commitment alone, and also
constitutional uncertainties and possible ABM Treaty constraints. 

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