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hard.copy Update 9/25/98

ARTICLE CITATIONS  FROM 
COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED
JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS.
Actions By Defense Authorization Conferees On Selected '99 Programs.
Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998, p 460
This is a table showing FY99 defense acquisitions by program. Includes BMD
highlights for: MEADS, NMD DEM/VAL, support technologies, Navy TWMD, ABL,
THAAD and Minuteman III modifications. 
Israelis Stress Importance Of US Support For Arrow. Aerospace Daily, Sep 25,
1998, pp 489-490
According to Israeli officials, US support of Israel's Arrow anti-missile
program is more important now than ever before due to increased ballistic
missile development and testing around the world, particularly in the Middle
East. Israeli officials are briefing congressional and Pentagon officials on
the successful test last week of Arrow. 
MEADS Funded At $10M In DoD Bill. Aerospace Daily, Sep 25, 1998, p 491
FY 1999 defense appropriations will barely keep the MEADS program alive,
with funding of $10.027M. This compares with the Administration's $24M
funding request which was zeroed by the Senate. 
Extended Range AGM-130 In Test At Eglin AFB. Aerospace Daily, Sep 24, 1998,
pp 476-477
Boeing Company has more than doubled the range of the AGM-130 standoff
missile by using a smaller warhead and replacing the rocket engine with a
turbojet. 
Conferees To State: 'Timely' Review Of Satellite Licenses Required.
Aerospace Daily, Sep 24, 1998, pp 481-482
The FY 1999 defense authorization conference has agreed to timely review of
satellite licenses, and tentative support of the establishment of a second
source for the THAAD interceptor missile seeker. The conference does not see
THAAD and Navy Upper Tier as competing systems and does not support
proposals to use upper tier as a substitute for THAAD. 
Russia, US Test Five ICBMs. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998, p 459
Brief article reports that Russia and the US test fired five ICBMs on
September 15 and 18, 1998. 
Lockheed Martin Finds Glitch In THAAD Seeker. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998,
p 460
Lockheed Martin has found a problem with the operational amplifier (OpAmp)
inside THAAD missile seeker which could delay the next flight test. 
START Talking. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998, p 457
Brief article reports that appointment of Russian Prime Minister Yvgeny
Primakov may boost Russian ratification of START II. 
Devil In The Detail. Aerospace Daily, Sep 21, 1998, p 457
Brief article reports that Russia and the US plan to work out details of the
agreement for early warning data on worldwide missile launches. 
THAAD Missile Safe For Now, Hamre Tells Hill. Aerospace Daily, Sep 22, 1998,
pp 465-466
According to the Deputy SecDef John Hamre, the THAAD missile will not be
terminated at this time. Options for overhauling the missile program include
killing it entirely, a plan lawmakers are averse to. According to LtGen
Lyles, the program should continue, but there may be room for major overhaul
if there are problems down the road. 
US, Japan Move Toward Cooperative Research On Missile Defense. Aerospace
Daily, Sep 22, 1998, p 466
Japan and the US have committed to continuing talks about cooperative
missile defense programs. These talks have been pushed forward by the August
31 launch of the North Korean Taepo Dong I missile. 
GBR-P Collects RV Data In First Test Against Live Target. Aerospace Daily,
Sep 22, 1998, p 466
The Ground Based Radar prototype (GBR-P), designed for the Pentagon's NMD
program successfully acquired and tracked a target outside the atmosphere,
according to BMDO. Testing took place at Kwajalein Missile Test Facility,
using a dummy warhead launched on a Minuteman III booster from the
Vandenberg AFB. 
Weldon Sees False Promises To Japan On Missile Defense. Aerospace Daily, Sep
25, 1998, p 494
According to Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA), chairman of the HNSC panel on R&D,
Clinton is misleading the Japanese into believing that the US can work
jointly with them on missile defense when Clinton refuses to adequately fund
the US missile defense programs already in the works. 
Israel Lobbies Hard For Antimissile Defense. Aviation Week & Space
Technology. Paul Mann, Sep 21, 1998, pp 28-29
At the first meeting of the American/Israeli Interparliamentary Commission
on National Security, a joint caucus of legislators who are ardent missile
defense advocates, the Israelis sought to stoke up support for their
long-held advocacy of multi-layered BMD deployment. They placed heavy
emphasis on boost phase intercepts - striking enemy missiles right after
launch so the warheads fall back on the attacker. This is considered
essential with the advent of chemical and biological warheads in the
possession of regional military powers.
Summit Takes Up Japanese TMD. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Paul Mann,
Sep 21, 1998, pp 29-30
President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi are slated to
discuss Japan's role in Theater Missile Defense at a New York-area summit
this week. US officials do not expect the two leaders' first meeting to
produce a major security declaration. Japan's recession is a drag on defense
cooperations, slowing its pace, but the 1996 US/Japanese joint security
declaration is keeping the TMD initiative on track, and the
military-to-military relationship is strong, said Michael Green, a
specialist on Japanese affairs with the Council on Foreign Relations. 
North Korean Space Attempt Verified. Aviation Week & Space Technology. David
A. Fulghum, Sep 21, 1998, pp 30-31
Pentagon and State Dept. have concluded the North Koreans tried to launch a
satellite with what US officials now say was a three-stage Taepo Dong 1
booster. They won't say precisely how they reached that belated conclusion,
but clues abound. The USAF is sticking by its analysis that nothing the
North Koreans launched went into orbit. The "really fuzzy data" could have
been interpreted either way, said one official. The decision to confirm the
launch attempt was made at the Pentagon in joint-agency level meeting.
Senior officials say the information that swung the greatest weight was from
the NSA and the CIA. The information involved communications intercepts from
the launch complex and, likely, human intelligence from international
sources. 
Good: DoD Paying More Attention To DEW. BMD Monitor, Sep 18, 1998, pp
309-310
Earl Good, Head of the AFRL Directed Energy Directorate, reports that the
Lab is doing about 90% of the total DEW work in DoD. This is partially due
to the ABL successful testing. Budget information for DEW FY 99 programs is
included. 
Power Output Exceeds Design For First ABL Laser Module. BMD Monitor, Sep 18,
1998, p 311
The AF ABL flight weight laser module (FLM) exceeded power requirements when
its first laser demonstration produced 110% of the design output power
during testing in August 1998. 
US Concludes North Korea Tried To Launch A Satellite. BMD Monitor, Sep 18,
1998, p 306
The US has concluded that North Korea tried to launch a small satellite
which failed on August 31. 
Successful Test Paves Way For Arrow Intercept Flight Test. BMD Monitor, Sep
18, 1998, pp 305-306
The US Israeli Arrow-2 missile successfully intercepted a simulated target
in Israel on September 15. This was the first test of system radar, fire
control and early warning components together, and paves the way for an
intercept flight test with an actual target in the near future. 
Iraq Readies To End All Cooperation With UN Inspectors. BMD Monitor, Sep 18,
1998, p 308
Reports that Iraqi Parliament is expected to endorse a non-binding
resolution ending cooperation with the UN Inspectors, unless the UN restores
regular reviews of trade sanctions imposed in 1990. 
CBO Offers Preliminary Analysis On Improving Russian EW. BMD Monitor, Sep
18, 1998, p 307
The Congressional Budget Office has released a preliminary analysis of the
security and budget implications of improving Russia's access to early
warning data as part of a larger study of non-traditional cooperative arms
control measures that might improve nuclear security between the US and
Russia. CBO examines five options for improving Russian confidence by
providing global awareness of missile launches by lending technical
assistance. 
Part Problems May Delay Next THAAD Test. Defense Daily. George Cahlink, Sep
21, 1998, pp 5-6
The Army's beleaguered THAAD may have to delay a flight test scheduled for
the end of the year because of faulty components, according to BMDO. 
Test Launch Of Minuteman III ICBM Successful. Defense Daily, Sep 22, 1998, p
5
The Air Force successfully launched an unarmed Minuteman III
intercontinental ballistic missile on September 18, from Vandenberg AFB as
part of the missile's guidance replacement program. 
US-Israeli Panel Seeks More Cooperation On Missile Defenses. Defense Daily.
Sheila Foote, Sep 21, 1998, p 6
A new US-Israeli interparliamentary commission on national security has
agreed that the two nations should expand cooperation on missile defense. In
particular, the two countries should work harder to develop the ability to
intercept ballistic missiles in the boost phase, or the beginning of their
trajectory, the commission stated. 
Authorizers Boost CEC To Solve Problems. Defense Daily. Frank Wolfe, Sep 24,
1998, p 7
Congressional authorizers have agreed to add $61m to the Navy's budget
request for the Raytheon Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) in FY99, in
part to resolve interoperability problems with the system. 
House, Senate Agree On FY99 Defense Authorization Bill. Defense Daily.
Sheila Foote, Sep 21, 1998, pp 2-5
The House and Senate concluded conference on September 17 on a $270.5b FY99
Defense Authorization Bill, having reached compromises on controversial
language related to Chinese rocket launches, tritium production, and gender
integrated training. This article includes a list of highlights from HR
3616, the Conference Agreement for the FY99 Defense Authorization Bill. 
Saying THAAD A High Priority, Conferees Fund Second Source. Defense Daily.
Sheila Foote, Sep 24, 1998, p 1
Despite continued bad news from Lockheed Martin's development program for
the THAAD system, House and Senate defense authorization conferees say they
support the program and urge the DoD to make every effort to field the wide
area missile interceptor system as soon as possible. 
US Navy May Gain THAAD Program Funds. Defense News, Sep 21, 1998, p 2
A short article on how the Pentagon could move funds to the Navy Theater
Wide missile defense program as part of an effort to restructure the Army's
THAAD system. 
Chem-Bio Achille's Heel. Defense News, Sep 21, 1998, p 22
"The United States is acutely vulnerable to covert (nuclear, biological or
chemical) attack," concludes a new book, "America's Achilles' Heel,"
published by Harvard University Belfer Center for Science and International
Affairs. 
Russian Fissile Control Programs Offer US Best Protection. Defense News.
Todd Perry, Sep 21, 1998, p 23
Nothing could be more central to US security than cooperating with Russian
nuclear facility scientists and managers to prevent the essential
ingredients of nuclear weapons from being stolen and falling into hostile
hands. Resources devoted to nuclear material protection and related
partnerships will hold their nonproliferation value over the long term, no
matter who occupies the Kremlin or the White House. 
US Anticipates Approval From Tokyo On Joint TMD. Defense News. Bob Holzer,
Barbara Opall-Rome, Sep 21, 1998, pp 1, 34
US defense officials are awaiting approval from Japan to begin joint
research and development of a sea-based missile defense system to counter
North Korean ballistic missiles and other regional threats. 
ABL Chemical Laser Exceeds Specifications. Defense News, Sep 21, 1998, p 2
The chemical laser for the USAF's Airborne Laser (ABL) program produced 110
percent of its design output in a recent test conducted by TRW Inc.'s Space
& Electronics Group, according to spokesman Brooks McKinney. 
Put North Korea On Notice: Pyongyang Flouts Pact, White House Weakness.
Defense News. Rep. Ben Gilman, Sep 21, 1998, p 23
In light of the Taepo Dong missile test and the discovery of a suspected
underground nuclear facility, the White House needs to scrub its policies
toward North Korea because it is evident that engaging the North Koreans to
reduce military tensions is not working. The administration needs to hold
North Korea responsible for its dangerous actions. Responding with promises
of even more assistance smacks of appeasement, and underscores Pyongyang's
belief that brinkmanship leads to US concessions. 
Iraq May Be Hiding Long-Range Missile Work. Defense News. Philip Finnegan,
Sep 21, 1998, pp 1, 36
Inspectors of the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) on Iraq fear
Baghdad may be using its short-range missile programs, which are permitted
by the United Nations, to cover illegal efforts in long-range missile
development. 
Reporters' Notebook: Primakov Is Primo. Defense Week, Sep 21, 1998, p 4
The new communist-approved Russian government, headed by PM Primakov could
be a positive development for America's nuclear arms-reduction initiatives,
according to Robert Bell, senior director of defense policy at the National
Security Council. Mr. Primakov is "most impassioned about START II
ratification." 
Ritter: Iraq Has Potential 37 Scuds. Defense Week. John Donnelly, Sep 21,
1998, pp 1, 8
According to Scott Ritter, former member of UNSCOM, the UN team charged with
monitoring Iraq's weapons programs, Saddam Hussein has "seven to twelve"
Scuds on hand in disassembled form and has "the potential for another 25."
Ritter's revelation is the highest estimate to date of Iraq's potential Scud
inventory. 
Problems Cause Delay In Next THAAD Test. Defense Week, Sep 21, 1998, p 3
BMDO and the Army were advised by Lockheed Martin last week of a component
problem involving the missile seeker that could affect the timing of the
next flight test (FT-09) of the THAAD system. 
White House Backs Pentagon Budget Boost. Defense Week. David Ruppe, Sep 21,
1998, pp 1, 12
One day after President Clinton met with top military commanders to discuss
their budget troubles, National Security Council senior director for defense
policy, Robert Bell, said that Clinton plans to work with the Pentagon on
getting more funding from Congress to improve readiness, soldier
quality-of-life, and weapons modernization. 
Against Nuclear Apartheid. Foreign Affairs. Jaswant Singh, Sep 01, 1998, pp
41-52
Since independence, India's nuclear policy has been to seek either global
disarmament or equal security for all. The old nonproliferation regime was
discriminatory, ratifying the possession of nuclear weapons for the
permanent five members of the UN Security Council while preaching to the
nuclear have-nots about the virtues of disarmament. India was left
sandwiched between two nuclear weapons powers, Pakistan and a rising China.
The end of the Cold War has not ushered in an era where globalization and
trade trump old-fashioned security woes. If nuclear deterrence works in the
West, why won't it work in India? 
Special Report: House, Senate Conferees Deliver $270 Billion Defense
Authorization Bill. Inside Missile Defense, Sep 28, 1998, pp 1-16
This report contains major excerpts from press releases prepared by the HNSC
and SASC. The releases, made available on Friday, September 18, detail the
highlights of the FY99 Defense Authorization Conference Report. 
Arrow 2's Virtual Target Hit Paves Way For Live Tests. Jane's Defence
Weekly. Greg Seigle, Sep 23, 1998, p 3
Following an Arrow 2 missile test that successfully intercepted a
computer-simulated target over the Mediterranean Sea, Israel plans to fire
the anti-ballistic missile system against a live target early next year. The
14 September Arrow 2 test, a $1.6b project jointly funded by the USA and
Israel, was the first time its three main components - the missile, the
Green Pine fire control radar designed to track incoming missiles and the
Citron Tree fire control system - had been tested together. A real target
missile test is due early next year. 
Utilizing Waveform Features For Adaptive Beamforming And Direction Finding
With Narrowband Signals. MIT Lincoln Laboratory Journal. Keith W. Forsythe,
Jun 01, 1998, pp 99-126
Extensive research has been done on the use of antenna arrays for direction
finding and beamforming; this research focuses on the detailed behavior of
specific techniques rather than on signal processing applications. In most
applications, there is a fundamental signal feature that provides essential
leverage for an effective processing approach. This article, which is
structured around such features, presents a comprehensive framework for
selecting an appropriate adaptive approach for processing cochannel
narrowband signals. 
Automatic Target-Recognition System In SAIP. MIT Lincoln Laboratory Journal.
Leslie M. Novak, Gregory J. Owirka, William S. Brower, Allison L. Weaver,
Jun 01, 1998, pp 187-202
Lincoln Laboratory has development a new automatic target recognition (ATR)
system that provides significantly improved target-recognition performance
compared with ATR systems that use conventional synthetic aperture radar
image processing techniques. They achieved significant improvement in
target-recognition performance by using a new superresolution image
processing technique that enhances SAR image resolution and image quality
prior to performing target recognition. 
Superresolution Source Location With Planar Arrays. MIT Lincoln Laboratory
Journal. Gary F. Hatke, Jun 01, 1998, pp 127-146
This article discusses the results of a study on the proper way to design an
adaptive planar array with a constrained antenna aperture. The authors
consider the segmentation of the antenna aperture, the polarization of the
antenna segments, and the algorithms used to process the signals received
from the antenna. In particular, they concentrate on the interference that
is within one Rayleigh beamwidth of the source. The interference can be
highly localized in space, as a single direct-path interferer or diffuse in
space. 
Airborne Signal Intercept For Wide-Area Battlefield Surveillance. MIT
Lincoln Laboratory Journal. Larry L. Horowitz, Jun 01, 1997, pp 87-98
This article discusses the wide-area monitoring of enemy battlefield
communications by a standoff aircraft. The purpose of this activity is to
detect enemy emitters, determine their directions, and, when possible, copy
their signals. Difficulties arise, however, because in typical battlefield
scenarios many simultaneous communication emitters use channels in the low
VHF band. At this frequency band, the conventional antenna aperture
available to the monitoring aircraft platform is only a few wavelengths
long, leading to a broad receiving beamwidth and heavy cochannel
interference. The authors discuss superresolution techniques that overcome
the cochannel interference to improve the direction finding and copying of
signals of interest. They also discuss improvements that can be obtained by
knowing about the classes of signals being transmitted or by enhancing the
antenna-array calibration of the airborne antenna. These techniques can be
used to upgrade current signal intercept systems. 





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