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hard.copy Update: 07/24/98

ARTICLE CITATIONS  GATHERED FROM 
COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS
Lockheed Martin Brings In Big Guns For THAAD Missiles Scrub. Aerospace
Daily, Jul 17, 1998, pp 89-92
A special review team is due to report sometime this fall on how
Lockheed Martin should proceed with future development and testing of
the THAAD system. 
Congress Could Devise Adjunct Funding Bill To Beef Up NMD. Aerospace
Daily, Jul 20, 1998, pp 102-103
In response to the Rumsfeld Commission's report on the seriousness of
the ballistic missile threat, the US Congress may help with an adjunct
funding bill. According to Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA), this funding will
probably not come in the FY99 defense bills that are now being revised
in Congress. 
ABL Cut Would Force Restructure, DoD Says. Aerospace Daily, Jul 21,
1998, p 107
If the recommended Senate cut to the ABL program occurs, Pentagon
officials claim it will cause a year slip, a $200m cost increase, and an
overall restructure. DoD also said that the cut would "delay essential
US combat capability." 
Senators Voice Concern About Russian Plutonium Surplus. Aerospace Daily,
Jul 21, 1998, p 109
Russia's surplus of plutonium has caused serious concern among Senators
who recently visited Russia. The Senators reported that Russian
companies continue to supply equipment and materials for the design and
manufacture of ballistic missiles. Currently, Russia has enough
plutonium for well over 5,000 nuclear weapons. 
Iran Has ICBM Aspirations, Intelligence Officials Say. Aerospace Daily,
Jul 22, 1998, p 119
According to senior US intelligence officials, Iran does have
aspirations to develop an ICBM, but believe it would be very difficult
to do so within five years. These intelligence officials agree in part
with the conclusions of the Rumsfeld Commission, but believe that unless
someone sells Iran an ICBM, they would not likely develop an ICBM on
their own within five years. 
Panel Sees Accelerated Missile Threat To US. Aviation Week & Space
Technology. Joseph C. Anselmo, Jul 20, 1998, p 24
In a report from the Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat
to the US, the bipartisan commission warned that rampant proliferation
of technology and information sharing among emerging nations is speeding
up the ability of US adversaries such as Iran, North Korea and Iraq to
develop longer-range missiles. The panel of defense and intelligence
experts also called into question the ability of US intelligence
agencies to detect emerging threats. The report contradicted a 1995
National Intelligence Estimate that predicted no nation outside of
declared nuclear powers would be capable of hitting the US with
ballistic missiles before 2011. 
Speaker Picks Conferees: Authorization Conference Begins. Defense Daily.
Sheila Foote, Jul 24, 1998, pp 2-3
House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-GA) on July 22 named the House members
who will act as conferees with the Senate on the FY99 Defense
Authorization Bill, allowing the House and Senate to go forward
yesterday with their first official conference meeting to reconcile
differences between the two versions of the bill. 
Misguided Request. Defense News, Jul 20, 1998, p 32
US State Department request to Congress last week for authority to waive
nuclear weapon related sanctions against India and Pakistan is
misguided, if predictable. Pres Clinton's White House consistently has
shied away from levying economic sanctions on countries violating
international arms control agreements, despite US laws demanding such
penalties and yowls of complaint from fellow Democrats in the arms
control camp. 
Clinton's China Trip Could Spur Nuke Race In South Asia. Defense News.
Dov Zakheim, Jul 20, 1998, p 33
US Pres Bill Clinton's trip to China has at least temporarily diverted
attention from the mockery that the Indian and Pakistani nuclear tests
made of the nuclear nonproliferation regime. Yet the consequences of
that trip could be an acceleration of the subcontinent's nuclear arms
race. 
Weldon Pushes For Action On NMD. Defense News. Lisa Burgess, Jul 20,
1998, p 8
In light of new findings underlining the threat of a ballistic missile
attack against the United States, the US government must move quickly to
deploy a national missile defense (NMD) system. In 2000, the White House
together with BMDO is supposed to decide whether to deploy the system by
2003, but many lawmakers, including Rep. Curt Weldon, want to see the
program accelerated. 
DoD Tells Congress 'Best' MEADS Program To Be Submitted in '00 Budget.
Inside Missile Defense. Daniel Dupont, Jul 22, 1998, p 31
DoD has urged congressional authorizers to support full funding for
MEADS in the 1999 defense budget, informing lawmakers that the agency
won't have a handle on the "best program" to pursue until it submits the
FY00 defense budget early next year. 
Gates Supports Rumsfeld Findings: Sees Parallels To His Panel's Work.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jul 22, 1998, pp 2-3
Former Director of Central Intelligence Robert Gates said this week he
agrees with the recent findings of the Rumsfeld Commission on the nature
of the ballistic missile threat to the US. "Frankly, I found that, in
most import respects, [the Rumsfeld findings] either agreed with or
paralleled the conclusions of the panel that I headed in evaluating the
1995 National Intelligence Estimate," Gates said in a recent interview. 
Panel Sees Potential Near-Term Risk To US From Korea, Iran Ballistic
Missiles. Inside Missile Defense. Elaine Grossman, Jul 22, 1998, pp 5-15
The Rumsfeld panel, a congressionally mandated panel studying potential
missile threats to the US has concluded that North Korea or Iran could
field a ballistic missile within five years of a decision to do so, and
that the US intelligence community has underestimated this threat in its
reports and its national intelligence estimates. Moreover, the panel
finds, the potential inability of the US to become aware of a potential
threat, especially if fielded on an air or sea platform, brings the
"warning time of deployment nearly to zero." Excerpts of Rumsfeld
Remarks at July 15 press conference as well as excerpts from the
Rumsfeld Commission Report on Ballistic Missile Threat are included with
this article. 
BMDO Chief On Track To Announce NMD Booster Decision By End Of Month.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jul 22, 1998, pp 1, 22-23
It seems likely that BMDO Director LtGen Lyles will announce by the end
of this month his decision on which booster will be used for the NMD
ground-based interceptor. 
Theater Missile Defense Requirements Document Awaits JROC Approval.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jul 22, 1998, pp 1, 30-31
The first capstone requirements document for TMD was recently submitted
to the JROC for final approval. The document defines the integrated TMD
capabilities necessary to defend a US joint force and its assets from
ballistic and cruise missile attack. It also reflects the importance of
having interoperable sensors and command and control systems as well as
integrated weapons systems. 
Rumsfeld Panel To Propose Plan For Improving Intel Community. Inside
Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jul 22, 1998, pp 1, 15-17
Donald Rumsfeld, chairman of the panel that examined the ballistic
missile threat to the US, told the HNSC July 16 that he and his
colleagues are preparing a list of recommendations they hope will make a
"constructive contribution" to the US intelligence community. The
overall goal would be to improve the community's analytical
capabilities. 
GAO Adds To National Missile Defense Debate With Report On Costs, Risks.
Inside Missile Defense. Daniel Dupont, Jul 22, 1998, pp 29-30
The GAO, in a report certain to be cited often by congressional
opponents of aggressive missile defense spending, concludes the National
Missile Defense program has not appreciably reduced risks despite
billions of dollars added to its budget in recent years. 
NMD Deployment Decision 'Simply Not Available' Before 2000. Inside
Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jul 22, 1998, p 4
According to a senior Clinton administration official, whether one
believes in the US intelligence community's estimates on the ballistic
missile threat to the US or chooses to believe the more ominous findings
of the just-released Rumsfeld Commission report, the current state of
technology precludes a National Missile Defense deployment decision
before 2000. 
Countries With An Appetite For Missiles Will Get Them, Rumsfeld Says.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jul 22, 1998, p 16
Donald Rumsfeld, chairman of the commission that recently completed an
assessment of the ballistic missile threat in the US, believes
sophisticated technologies change hands so quickly these days that a
country with ballistic missile aspirations will get what it wants,
regardless of efforts by others to stop it. 
Cruise Control. Jane's Defence Weekly. Bryan Bender, Jul 22, 1998, pp
20-22
The proliferation of cruise missile technologies and the increasing
availability of complete cruise missile systems at relatively low costs
is causing concern, particularly in the USA. The NAIC at
Wright-Patterson AFB in Ohio believes that many countries have developed
their own anti-ship or land attack cruise missile systems or are looking
to buy systems from other countries. US intelligence officials predict
that low cost cruise missiles could be used against US military bases or
ships, to impede the oil trade in the Persian Gulf or be used against
civilian targets. 
Navy Launches Tubsats From D4 Sub. Military Space, Jul 20, 1998, pp 1-2
The Russian Navy made space history July 7th in a first-ever launch of a
satellite into orbital flight from a Russian submarine. The missile was
a detailed conversion of the Russian Navy's R-29M three stage ballistic
missile. The third stage of the missile is used to drill the warhead
reentry vehicles back down through the atmosphere until air pressure
allows for flight control of the warhead. In the space booster version,
the converted missile was renamed the Shtil-1. The two nanosatellites,
the Tubsat N and Tubsat N1, were mounted inside the standard RV nosecone
that replaces the nuclear warhead on these commercial spaceflights. 
Russian Defense Satellite Crippled. Space News. 
Alex Bratersky, Jul 20, 1998, p 7
The Cosmos 2350 , an early warning satellite launched April 29 from the
Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to geostationary orbit and part of a
Russian defense system called the SPRN, which is responsible for
detecting possible ballistic missile strikes, stopped working July 6. 





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