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Space

hard.copy Update:07/17/98

ARTICLE CITATIONS  GATHERED FROM 
COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS
				 
Lessons Of Space Nuclear Power. Aerospace America. Gary L. Bennett, Jul
01, 1998, pp 32-40
Three spacecraft -- the Galileo, Ulysses, and Cassini -- all use or will
use nuclear power for space exploration. Space nuclear technology has
also been identified by the National Research Council as one of the six
key technologies for the space program in the next century. However,
nuclear power encounters erratic funding, lack of public support, and
international concern about its application, hindering its expansion. 
Potential Military Space Activities. Aerospace America. Marc C. Johansen
and Theodore R. Simpson, Jul 01, 1998, pp 42-45
Space power consists of several key areas, including space support
(operations to transport and sustain military operations in space);
force enhancement (warfighting enhancements on land, sea, and air);
space control (ability to exploit space while limiting or denying the
enemy access); and force application (combat operations in and from
space to influence the conflict). These elements are all discussed. 
Lifting Of India, Pakistan Sanctions Not Imminent: State Department.
Aerospace Daily, Jul 14, 1998, p 69
According to a State Department official, lifting sanctions from
Pakistan and India is not imminent. The US has laid out a number of
non-proliferation objectives for India and Pakistan, including the
ratification and signing of the CTBT, no further nuclear tests, and
restraint from deploying nuclear or weapon systems. 
Weldon Agrees With THAAD Plan. Aerospace Daily, Jul 16, 1998, pp 81-82
Rep Curt Weldon (R-PA) approves of the plan to reclassify 40 User
Operational Evaluation System (UOES) missiles of the THAAD program in
test missiles. The plan also will charge Lockheed Martin for future test
failures. 
Hill Study Finds US In Danger Of Ballistic Missile Attack. Aerospace
Daily, Jul 16, 1998, pp 81, 84
According to the findings of the Rumsfeld Commission, the threat of a
ballistic missile attack today is broader, more mature and evolving more
rapidly than previous reports and studies suggested. The commission also
suggested that the US may have little or no warning about an oncoming
attack. 
IAEA Has Trouble Verifying N. Korea Nuclear Compliance: GAO. Aerospace
Daily, Jul 14, 1998, p 71
A newly declassified GAO report, discusses the difficulties the IAEA is
having verifying North Korea's compliance with all aspects of the 1994
agreement with the US. North Korea agreed to suspend its
nuclear-weapons-related programs, for alternate energy from the US. 
Boeing Gets $10 Million For Hypersonic Missile Work. Aerospace Daily,
Jul 14, 1998, p 67
Boeing has won an initial $10m contract from DARPA, to develop two
competing hypersonic missile programs. The largest obstacle for the
program is to achieve the $200,000 average unit flyaway cost. 
Japanese Want CEC, But Yen Problems May Prevent Buy. Defense Daily.
Frank Wolfe, Jul 16, 1998, p 4
The Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF) wants to buy Raytheon's
Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) but the loss in value of the
Japanese yen may prevent such a purchase. 
Stevens Wants To Wait To Bring Up FY99 Defense Spending Bill. Defense
Daily. Sheila Foote, Jul 15, 1998, p 1
Senate Appropriations Committee Chairman Ted Stevens (R-AK) will
probably delay consideration of the FY99 Defense Appropriations Bill
until just before the August recess in an effort to protect it from
becoming a vehicle for controversial amendments that could delay its
approval. 
Panel: US Can't Expect Warning Of Enemy ICBM Developments. Defense
Daily. Sheila Foote, Jul 16, 1998, pp 1-3
A report by the Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the
US, which was released yesterday in unclassified form, concludes that
the US cannot plan on having perfect knowledge or adequate warning of
rogue nations' ballistic missile development efforts. 
Army Makes Changes To NMD Program's Top Leadership. Defense Daily. Greg
Caires, Jul 15, 1998, p 3
The army has made several changes within the senior leadership of its
NMD joint program office just as the effort begins to gain momentum in
the Pentagon and on capitol Hill. Army Brig Gen Willie Nance has been
named to replace current NMD program manager Brig Gen Joseph Cosumano,
who has been named the service's assistant deputy chief of staff for
operations and plans for force development. 
Chemical Weapon Destruction Wins Funds. Defense News, Jul 13, 1998, p 2
US Senate has approved $18m to continue research and development for
technologies to destroy the US chemical weapon stockpile without
incineration. 
S. Asian Tests Offer Chance To Revive Nuclear Control. Defense News.
Aabha Dixit, Jul 13, 1998, p 15
India and Pakistan nuclear tests have posed serious and practical
challenges to the international nuclear nonproliferation norm, created
and fostered through discriminatory treaties, ad hoc export and control
and technology denial regimes. The international debate must move
forward, not by exhorting both countries to give up their nuclear
capabilities through threats of international sanctions and the
preservation of a flawed nonproliferation regime, but by a commitment to
creating a new security framework that obliges all countries to embrace
the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world. 
THAAD Contractor Wins Pentagon Nod. Defense News. Lisa Burgess, Jul 13,
1998, p 6
Pentagon officials are determined to give the contractor for the $3.2b
Theater High Altitude Area Defense system (THAAD) every chance to make
the program work, despite a series of test failures for the missile
portion of the system. 
OSD Forces Navy To Fund Future Penguin Missile Purchases. Inside The
Pentagon, Jun 25, 1998, p 9
The DoD hopes to keep Ingalls Shipbuilding in the running for a
six-frigate construction deal with the Norwegian government by directing
the Navy to purchase Norwegian built Penguin missiles. Since the
directive was issued, the topic has been debated heatedly. 
Strategic Command Chief, Experts Differ Over Russian Launch Time. Inside
The Pentagon. Elaine M. Grossman, Jun 25, 1998, pp 5-6
Although both Clinton and Yeltsin in 1994 agreed to detarget their
nuclear missiles against each other, experts have been concerned about
the rapidity with which the land based strategic nuclear missiles could
be retargeted. One expert claims that it would take at least 10 minutes
for the Russians to retarget, allowing time for red phone contacts
between the leaders. 
Russia Ready To Reshape Nuclear Deterrent. Jane's Defence Weekly.
Nikolai Novichkov, Jul 15, 1998, p 4
Ground based and shipborne ballistic missiles will remain the backbone
of Russia's intercontinental deterrent in the near future. The central
question is what missiles will replace the old ICBMs. Ground based
ballistic missiles may be replaced by the Topol-M (RS-12M1, NATO
Codename SS-27). The submarine launched ballistic missile replacement
Product 3M-91 (NATO codename SS-NX-28), however as fallen behind
schedule because of financial problems in the defense sector and the
collapse of Russian's procurement system. Moreover, the missile failed
in all three tests. 
Israel Still Pushing Arrow Technology To Help USA's THAAD Project.
Jane's Defence Weekly. Damian Kemp, Jul 15, 1998, p 8
With THAAD failures attributed to the rush for an operational
capability, Arrow could assist THAAD development, especially since joint
Israeli-US funding means that the USA has access to all Arrow
technology. One of the key aspects for the US use of the Arrow Weapon
System is its mobility and possible modification for deployment by
C-130J aircraft but at the moment the Israeli system is described as
simply being transportable. 
NATO Exercises Prop Up TMD Pillars. Jane's International Defense Review.
Joris Janssen Lok, Jul 01, 1998, pp 58-59
Germany, the Netherlands, and the US, supported by several other NATO
countries, have conducted three major theater missile defense (TMD)
exercises in rapid succession over the past three months. They were
designed to boost capabilities at combined staff, unit, and operator
levels in all four pillars of TMD: passive defense; active defense;
conventional counterforce/attack operations; and BM/C4I. 
India's Agni Missile Evolved From NASA ELV. Military Space. Frank
Sietzen, Jul 07, 1998, pp 1-2
The largest of India's nuclear ballistic missiles is based in part on
the design of the NASA Expendable Launch Vehicle. And the remaining
components of the Indian Agni missile were designed with specific
assistance from Russian, France, and the German Space Agency. According
to Gary Milhollin, director of the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms
Control, technology transfer from civil space cooperation and civil
space programs to national military needs has been a fact of life for
nearly all U.S. international space assistance programs. Milhollin gave
the details on the Agni's pedigree June 25th in testimony before the
House Science committee in Washington. 
DoD News Briefing: Lieutenant General Lester Lyles, USAF, Briefing On
THAAD And Other Programs. News Briefing, Office of the Assistant
Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs). Lyles, L., Jul 09, 1998, pp 1-14
"I wanted to take the opportunity, along with Major General Pete
Franklin from the Army, to come up here and fill you in on the blanks,
if you will; tell you what has been happening with the THAAD program,
tell you where we are in resolving the problems, and then obviously
opening the floor for any questions that you might have." 





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