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Space

hard.copy update: 07/03/98

ARTICLE CITATIONS GATHERED FROM COMMERCIALLY PUBLISHED
JOURNALS AND NEWSLETTERS 
P&W's Chemical Systems Wins NMD Propulsion Contract. Aerospace Daily,
Jun 30, 1998, p 503
Pratt & Whitney's Chemical Systems Division has won a propulsion
subcontract from Boeing for the NMD program. 
USAF Looks To SBIRS High To Fill Some Needs Of SBIRS Low. Aerospace
Daily, Jul 01, 1998, pp 1,4
According to Col Katherine Roberts, program manager of the SBIRS Low
component at SMSC, some capabilities in the SBIRS High could meet some
of the requirements for SBIRS Low. The purpose of SBIRS is to warn of
missile launches from high and low orbits. 
Senate Approves DoD Authorization. Aerospace Daily, Jun 29, 1998, p 495
The Senate has approved a $273 billion fiscal 1999 defense
authorization, which includes an amendment to double the funds for the
Scorpius Low Cost Launch Development Program. The goal of this program
is to make US space launches less expensive. 
Senate Panel Says DoD Should Obligate Line Item Vetoed Funds. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 30, 1998, p 502
The Senate Appropriations defense subcommittee expects the Clinton
Administration to begin obligating the 1998 funds that were line item
vetoed out of the fiscal 1998 defense appropriations act. The line item
veto was struck down by the Supreme Court on June 25. 
Pena To Step Down As Energy Secretary. Arms Control Today, Apr 01, 1998,
p 28
Due to personal and family reasons, Secretary of Energy Federico Pena
announced on April 6 that he is leaving the Clinton administration at
the end of June. 
Factfile: Update -States-Parties And Signatories To The Chemical Weapons
Convention. Arms Control Today. Erik J. Leklem, Apr 01, 1998, pp 29-30
The Chemical Weapons Convention increased its membership from the
original 87 parties at entry into force on April 29, 1997, to 108
state-parties, with 60 signatories that have yet to ratify. 
At One Year, CWC Progress Tempered By Limited Transparency. Arms Control
Today. Erik J. Leklem, Apr 01, 1998, pp 27-28
The First Year of formal activity for the Chemical Weapon Convention
(CWC) since its entry into force on April 29, 1997, has seen measured
progress toward the establishment of a global norm against the
possession, production, transfer or use of chemical weapons (CW).
Transparency under the CWC has been limited by the large number of
delinquent, incomplete or missing data declarations to the Organization
for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). 
AF Concludes "Atmosphere Not A Problem" For ABL. BMD Monitor, Jun 26,
1998, pp 226-227
The Air Force Research Lab has concluded after more than five years of
collecting and analyzing atmospheric data that the atmosphere will not
prevent the ABL from doing its job. According to this article, in
September 2002, the ABL will attempt to destroy a theater ballistic
missile. 
SBL Passes Mirror Milestone. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998, p 227
On June 9, the fourth successful test of the Alpha Lamp Integration
Experiment completed the evaluation of the Uncooled Deformable Mirror.
The Alpha Lamp Integration (ALI) beam was transmitted through the SBL
beam control system. 
GAO Fears MEADS Might Cut Into Priority Missile Programs. BMD Monitor,
Jun 26, 1998, pp 220-221
If DoD funds the MEADS program without more help from the Army or BMDO,
it will hurt higher priority missile defense programs. A recent GAO
report examined DoD's agreement with Germany and Italy to acquire MEADS
and examined the future of funding for the program. 
Rempt: Navy TBMD Is On The Brink Of Fielding. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998,
pp 215-217
According to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy, RADM Rodney
Rempt, the Navy has the software and hardware to move the Navy Area and
Navy Theaterwide program forward quickly. Navy TBMD focuses on
protecting against short and medium range TBM's. The program is
currently in the engineering, manufacturing and development phase and is
strongly supported by the Navy. 
Cold War Air Defense Spysat Is Declassified. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998
pp 219-220
The Galactic Radiation and Background (GRAB) satellite was declassified
last week. The reconnaissance satellite system was built to gather
information on Soviet air defense radars. 
White Sands Tests Y2K Solution Next Week. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998, pp
227-228
The White Sands Missile range plans to test its computers to see if they
will work in 2000. The computers are vital to the range for testing of
Patriot, THAAD, and Standard missiles for TMD. 
Northrop Grumman Units To Work On NMD. BMD Monitor, Jun 26, 1998, p 228
Three Northrop Grumman units will work on the NMD program that is being
led by the Boeing Corp. Northrop Grumman will provide radar systems
engineering and hardware expertise as well as test and deployment
planning. 
Senate Passes $270.5 Billion FY99 Defense Authorization Bill. Defense
Daily. Sheila Foote, Jun 29, 1998, p 3
The Senate passed by a vote of 88 to 4 a $270.5b FY99 Defense
Authorization 
Druyun: Air Force's Airborne Laser Program May Proceed. Defense Daily.
Greg Caires, Jun 29, 1998, pp 6-7
The Airborne Laser (ABL) program, one of the Air Force's top
modernization priorities, has received "Authority to Proceed #1 (ATP-1)"
based on the program's progress to date, and the service may now start
finalizing the system's design. 
Israel Mulls Nuke Stance Amid New Threats. Defense News. Steve Rodan,
Jun 29, 1998, pp 3,36
Israel is reviewing its policy of so-called nuclear ambiguity amid fears
that a new nuclear arms race in South Asia will spur Middle Eastern
countries such as Iraq and Iran to accelerate their nuclear efforts. 
Decisive Punishment. Defense News, Jun 29, 1998, p 24
If France and Switzerland confirm US Army findings of deadly VX gas on
recovered Iraqi warheads dating from the 1991 Persian Gulf war, the
United Nations will be compelled to punish Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein. 
NSA Chief Ups Info War Ante: Says Cyber Attack On US Is Weapon Of Mass
Destruction. Defense News. George I, Seffers, Jun 28, 1998, pp 1, 36
United States should consider computer attacks on its information
infrastructure as weapons of mass destruction. Currently US government
and military authorities include nuclear, biological and chemical
weapons in this definition. 
India, Pakistan Sanctions Stop Little US Commerce. Defense News. Barbara
Opall-Rome, Jun 29, 1998, pp 3, 34
Overlooked in the clamor to roll back US sanctions against India,
Pakistan and other nations developing weapons of mass destruction is the
relatively negligible impact of the punitive measures on US exports. 
US Holds Key With Taiwan: Nuclear Motivation Grows If US Support
Falters. Defense News. Parris Chang, Jun 29, 1998, p 25
With the recent tit-for-tat nuclear testing between India and Pakistan
that has fueled a nuclear arms race in South Asia, it raises a similar
debate in Taipei - should Taiwan go nuclear to an unpredictable and
belligerent China if US breaks its commitment of security to Taiwan? 
GPS Revenues To Double By Year 2000. Defense Week. Bill Carey, Jun 29,
1998, p 5
With revenues approaching $4b and expected to double by the year 2000,
the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite is recognized as an
indispensable navigation and positioning tool with aviation, maritime,
mapping, and surveying applications. System developers, administrators,
and policymakers met recently near Washington, DC to consider the next
dimensions of the satellite industry. 
Veto Threat Hangs Over Defense Authorization Bill. Defense Week, Jun 29,
1998, p 14
The Senate passed the FY99 defense authorization bill late Thursday
which now must be reconciled with the House's version of the spending
plan. The Pentagon says the $271b defense bill could invite a
presidential veto because the measure makes it difficult for DoD to
close or reduce bases. 
GAO: Budget-Driven QDR Missed Options. Defense Week. Colin Clark, Jun
29, 1998, p 16
GAO has joined the many critics of last year's Quadrennial Defense
Review (QDR) saying it was budget-driven and didn't go far enough in
considering the right mixes of soldiers and weapons. 
US Not Bound To ABM Treaty, Memo For Heritage Foundation Contends.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 24, 1998, pp 2-4
A memorandum of law, "The Collapse of the Soviet Union and the End of
the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty," prepared at the request of the
Heritage Foundation by Junton & Williams, a law firm involved in
constitutional and public process law, declares that the 1972 ABM Treaty
no longer binds the US under international or US domestic law because
none of the Newly Independent States (NIS), or the group as a whole, is
capable of implementing the original treaty obligations of the former
Soviet Union. 
Pentagon Plans $73 Million Sale Of Patriot Missile Equipment To Israel.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 24, 1998, p 4
The Defense Department plans to sell Patriot missile system radars,
control engagement systems and logistics support equipment to Israel to
help the country upgrade it air defense capabilities. The proposed sales
is meant to augment existing Patriot capabilities against the growing
threat of medium range ballistic missiles in the region, primarily those
emanating out of Iran. 
CATO Study Recommends Terminating MEADS, THAAD And Airborne Laser.
Inside Missile Defense. Michael C. Sirak, Jun 24, 1998, p 5-6
As BMDO grapples with the challenge of fielding all the currently
planned missile defense programs with a budget that shrinks annually, a
new study on TMD by the CATO Institute offers a provocative
solution--terminate the THAAD, MEADS, and Airborne Laser programs and
save over half the projected total program costs for TMD. 
Descriptors, Keywords: US CATO study TMD MEADS THAAD Airborne Laser ABL
budget
Senate Action On THAAD With BMDO's Draft Restructuring Plan. Inside
Missile Defense. Elaine M. Grossman, Jun 24, 1998, p 7-9
BMDO is giving consideration to reorganizing the THAAD program following
the Lockheed Martin missile's fifth consecutive failure in a recent
intercept test. This parallels legislative action by the Senate
Appropriations Committee to reduce and transfer funds within the THAAD
system. 





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