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hard.copy Update: 06/26/98

Administration Officials Defend Position On Chinese Launches. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 19, 1998, p 448
"We do not believe that the commercial space launch activities that have
been authorized by licenses and monitored under these procedures have
benefited China's missile or military satellite capabilities," John D.
Holum told a joint hearing of the HNSC and IRC. Holum said strict policy
is designed to prevent the transfer of sensitive military technology to
China that could assist its launch vehicle program. Jan M. Lodal told
the committee that the DoD is fully cooperating with the investigation
on Loral and Hughes. 
Commercial Remote Sensing Faces Tough Sell To DoD, Intel. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 22, 1998, pp 457-458
Commercial remote sensing companies will have a hard time breaking into
the military and intelligence markets until they have capabilities to
match government needs. These include overhead imagery that is timely,
can be collected and downlinked anywhere on the globe, and that
precisely locates features on the surface, and can be scaled up or down.
HAC Slashes Starlite Funds, Cuts Underfunded Joint STARS Upgrade.
Aerospace Daily, Jun 22, 1998, p 461
The House Appropriations Committee recommended withholding 1999 funds
from several DoD projects, including Starlite, JSTARS, and the tactical
unmanned aerial vehicle (TUAV). 
China Seen Deploying New ICBM Within Two Years. Aerospace Daily, Jun 24,
1998, pp 469-470
China is expected to deploy the solid fuel DF-31 ICBM within the next
two years, according to a report sponsored by the US National Defense
University. The DF-31 is more accurate than previous Chinese ICBMs and
will be able to reach most of the US, according to "Strategic Trends In
China" produced by the NDU Institute For National Strategic Studies. 
Big Budget Increase Would Speed Fielding Of Navy Missile Defense.
Aerospace Daily, Jun 24, 1998, p 470
According to the US Navy's principal adviser on the Upper Tier TMD and
Area Wide TMD, a budget increase of $2b to $3b would achieve Block 1
Upper Tier capability in under 40 months, 4 to 5 years earlier than now
Special China Panel: An Exercise In Political Compromise. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 24, 1998, p 474
The House Republican leadership, eager to avoid further embarrassment,
has shifted strategy from confrontation to accommodation by forming a
panel to investigate possible transfer of sensitive military technology
to China. The list of committee members, which includes 5 Republicans
and 4 Democrats and was announced Friday, also represents a compromise. 
Experts See Dangers In American Use Of Chinese Launchers. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 18, 1998, p 440A
The US has doubled China's experience in launching multiple payloads
through launch efforts for programs like Iridium, according to testimony
of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center before the HNSC and IRC.
This is one of several hearings on China and US satellite launches
reviewing allegations that Space Systems/Loral and Hughes shared
sensitive technology with China following the failure of the Chinese
Long March 3B rocket in 1996. 
Russia Orbits Six Military Communications Satellites. Aerospace Daily,
Jun 18, 1998, p 446
Russia launched six low-orbiting satellites for military communications
on June 17, but an apparent launch vehicle malfunction left the
satellites in an irregular orbit which may cripple their normal use by
the Russian military. 
HAC Wants Second THAAD Source; Fences 50% Of EELV Funds. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 18, 1998, p 443
The HAC, following direction of the House authorization bill, has told
BMDO to consider an alternate contractor for THAAD. 
Future KE Missile May Target Helicopters As Well As Armor. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 18, 1998, p 445
The development of a small kinetic energy (KE) missile in the Compact KE
Missile (CKEM) Technology program may allow the army to add
anti-helicopter capability. 
Raytheon In $141M Contract To Upgrade German Patriot Missiles. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 18, 1998, p 445
Announces Raytheon Systems Co.'s award of a $141M contract from the
German government to upgrade ground equipment associated with German Air
Force Patriot Air Defense System. 
Serious Problems In US Firms' Relations With China: Shelby. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 25, 1998, p 479
Quotes Senate Intelligence Committee Chairman Richard Shelby (R-AL)
about "serious problems with how US companies interact with Chinese
launch service providers." These comments came at the end of a closed
hearing which included representatives from the CIA, NAIC, and Defense
Technology Security Administration. 
US Solid Rocket Makers Say China Policy Hurts Their Industry. Aerospace
Daily, Jun 26, 1998, p 485
In testimony before the HSC, representatives of Thiokol Propulsion and
Alliant Techsystems charged that defense industrial base is threatened
by the US policy that allows China to launch US satellites, because
China is undercutting the US commercial space launch industry that
sustains large solid fuel rocket production in the post Cold War
environment. This continues hearings on possible sensitive technology
transfer from US satellite manufacturers to China. 
US Helps Secure Georgian Nuclear Materials. Arms Control Today, Apr 01,
1998, p 28
In a cooperative effort involving Britain and Georgia, the United States
removed 4.3 kg of highly enriched uranium (HEU) and 0.8 kg of spent fuel
from a former Soviet research reactor on April 24. 
US Imposes Sanctions On Pakistan, N. Korea Following Missile Test. Arms
Control Today. Howard Diamond, Apr 01, 1998, p 22
In response to Pakistan's April 6 flight test of its new 1,500 km range
Ghauri missile, the United States on April 17 imposed missile
proliferation related sanctions on Islamabad's premier weapons lab and a
North Korean trading company. The missile test is widely seen as a
warning that Pakistan will respond to attempts by New Delhi to alter the
strategic status quo. 
Russian Export Controls Fail To Stop Steel For Iranian Missile Program.
Arms Control Today. Howard Diamond, Apr 04, 1998, p 26
Russia announced on April 7 that its Federal Security Service (FSB) had
arrested three foreign citizens in connection with the attempted
transfer of 22 tons of special alloy steel reportedly destined for
Iran's ballistic missile development effort. 
UN Maintains Sanctions On Iraq As Security Council Split Grows. Arms
Control Today. Howard Diamond, Apr 01, 1998, p 25
Having received conflicting progress reports from the two organizations
monitoring Iraq's UN-imposed disarmament, the UN Security Council on
April 28 voted to maintain sanctions on Baghdad for an additional six
months because of its failure to fully comply with its obligations. 
Yeltsin Submits START II ABM-TMD Agreements To Duma. Arms Control Today.
Craig Cerniello, Apr 01, 1998, p 24
As part of the START II ratification process, Russian Pres. Boris
Yeltsin formally transmitted to the Duma on April 13 the package of
strategic arms control agreements that were signed by the United States
and Russia last September in New York. This action has been accompanied
by some encouraging signs that the Duma may take up START II before
adjourning for its summer recess in July 10. 
Dismantling The Concept Of ' Weapons Of Mass Destruction'. Arms Control
Today. Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky, Apr 01, 1998, pp 3-8
The world today faces a confused and potentially extremely dangerous
situation in its current contradictory treatment of nuclear, biological,
and chemical weapons -- commonly referred to collectively as weapons of
mass destruction (WMD). In addition to their differing legal status,
these three classes of weapons are very diverse in their technical
nature and military significance. Progress in controlling each category
of weapons and resolution of the contradictions in the existing
non-proliferation regime is made more difficult by lumping biological,
chemical and nuclear weapons together under the banner of WMD. 
Ballistic Missile Defense: Is The US 'Rushing To Failure'? Arms Control
Today. John Pike, Apr 01, 1998, pp 9-13
In the 15 years since Pres Ronald Reagan's March 23, 1983 speech
inaugurating the Strategic Defense Initiative, the $40b to $50b spent on
ballistic missile defense (BMD) has produced surprisingly modest
results. But missile defense program managers and proponents remain
hopeful that 1998 will finally mark a turning point in demonstrating the
technical maturity of an array of theater missile defense (TMD) and
national missile defense (NMD) interceptor programs. 
Senate Panel Approves NMD Bill Seeking To Move Up Deployment. Arms
Control Today. Craig Cerniello, Apr 01, 1998, p 23
On 21 April, the Senate Armed Services committee approved by a
party-line vote of 10-7 the "American Missile Protection Act of 1998"
setting the stage for what could become a highly contentious debate
between the Clinton administration and Congress over national missile
defense (NMD) policy. The S.1873 bill, introduced on March 19 by
Senators Thad Cochran and Daniel Inouye and reintroduced on March 27 by
Cochran and 38 co-sponsors, states that it is US policy "to deploy as
soon as is technologically possible an effective (NMD) system capable of
defending the territory of the United States against limited ballistic
missile attack (whether accidental, unauthorized, or deliberate)". 
China Launch Controversy Expands To Larger Issues. Aviation Week & Space
Technology. James R. Asker, Joseph C. Anselmo, Jun 22, 1998, p 24-25
In the article Henry Sokolski, the executive director of the
Nonproliferation Policy Education Center, offers an assessment of
exactly what missile launch technology might have been lost to the
Chinese. He lists five specific Long March missions and his evaluation
of what China learned from each. 
US Experts Urge New Tactics Against Bio-War Threat. Defense News. David
Mulholland, Jun 22, 1998, p 9
While the US military is spending billions to fight an unlikely
large-scale conventional war, experts at a recent conference said it is
ignoring the gravest threat to national security: biological weapons. 
THAAD Backers Try To Pump Life Into Program. Defense News. Lisa Burgess,
Jun 22, 1998, pp 4, 18
Pentagon officials are fighting a two-front battle to save the troubled
Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) program. 
US Navy Touts Global Missile Deterrent Capabilities. Defense News.
Robert Holzer, Jun 22, 1998, p 12
With US government officials newly worried about a potential nuclear war
in South Asia, Navy officials are touting the service's planned missile
defense capabilities as a significant deterrent to missile-borne
US Sanctions Policy Offers Dual-Use Item Loopholes. Defense News.
Barbara Opall-Rome, Jun 22, 1998, pp 3, 18
US sanctions guidelines released last week do not automatically prohibit
businesses from exporting to India and Pakistan sensitive dual-use
technology, such as supercomputers, precision machinery and other items
of potential military benefit. 
Smith Stands Firm On ABL Procurement Fund Cut. Defense News. Lisa
Burgess, Jun 22, 1998, p 4, 18
Gen Michael Ryan, US Air Force chief of staff, may have wasted a trip
when he traveled to the office of Sen Robert Smith, (R-NH), on June 15
to smooth hard feelings over the service's $11b Airborne Laser (ABL)
program. But Smith said that he stands firm behind its decision to cut
$57m from the $292m request for ABL, and to shift $40m from ABL's
procurement budget to improve testing in the program. 
Nuclear War Of Words Builds: Pakistan Diplomat Accuses Israel Of Aiding
India Tests. Defense News. Orly Azoulay, Barbara Opall-Rome, Jun 22,
1998, p 3, 19
Pakistan's top diplomat, Foreign Minister Gohar Ayud Khan, has accused
Israel of providing India with electronic activating devices used in New
Delhi's recent round of nuclear weapon tests, a charge forcefully denied
by Indian and Israeli officials. 
US Still Unready For Bio-Terror Disaster, Experts Say. Defense Week.
Patrick Kelly, Jun 22, 1998, p 5
At a conference sponsored by the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies,
government, industry and scientific experts said the US will be
seriously unprepared to prevent the agonizing sickness and death
potentially of tens of thousands of citizens if a successful biological
weapons attack is launched against a major city. 
US, ICBMs No Longer Target China, Expert Says. Defense Week. John
Donnelly, Jun 22, 1998, pp 1, 15
President Clinton's aides are trying to reach an agreement with Beijing
under which the two nations would no longer target each other with
nuclear-tipped missiles. However, according to Bruce Blair of the
Brookings Institution, ICBMs have not been pre-programmed to strike
targets in China for roughly 15 years. 
HAC Approves $1.6 Billion Add For Y2K. Defense Week. Patrick Kelly, Jun
22, 1998, p 5
The House Appropriations Committee Wednesday kept faith with its
national security subcommittee and approved emergency funding of $1.6b
for the Pentagon to ensure that its computers are ready for the year
2000 change-over and to beef up computer security. 
OSD Eyeing FOTT, M1A2 In First Look At Army POM. Inside the Pentagon,
Jun 25, 1998, p 9
Senior Defense Department officials will take their first hard look at
the Army's 2000-2005 spending plan this week, and Pentagon sources
believe the service's decision to cancel the Follow-On-To-TOW missile
and stop producing M1A2 tanks and other platforms will not be easily or
quickly accepted. 
Treaty May Limit Ability To Help Safeguard India, Pakistan Nuclear
Devices. Inside the Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Jun 26, 1998, pp 13-14
Any action the United States may seek to take to help India and Pakistan
safeguard their nuclear devices against accidental or unauthorized
launch would be limited under the 1968 Nonproliferation Treaty, or NPT,
according to a key administration official and arms control experts
outside government. 
Special Report: Report On Excerpts Of House Appropriations FY99 Defense
Spending. Inside the Pentagon, Jun 25, 1998, p 1-24
Appropriations for most military functions of the DoD are provided for
in the accompanying bill for the fiscal year 1999. Recommendations
include: $3+b, BMDO; $3+m, MLRS; ER rockets; $90+m, Joint STARS;
initiate product improvement plan on Predator UAV; $77+m, GPS; $136+m,
Minuteman III GRP; $303+m, Patriot PAC 3. 
House Appropriators Raise Possibility Of Rapid Response Predator. Inside
the Pentagon, Jun 26, 1998, p 11
The House Appropriations Committee is encouraging the Air Force to
consider creating a rapid response Predator UAV system to provide
surveillance vehicles in an emergency without taxing the limited number
of operational air vehicles already in high demand, Inside the Air Force
International Incident. Inside the Pentagon, Jun 26, 1998, p 17
Foreign Military sales, in an era of declining US defense budgets, have
become more crucial than ever for manufacturers trying to keep their
production lines open and up to capacity. Family of Medium Tactical
Vehicles maker Stewart & Stevenson is no exception; at a briefing for
reporters last week, company officials discussed at some length their
plans and expectations for FMS. 
In A Finding Sure To Reinvigorate Missile Defense Debate: Rumsfeld Panel
To Say Intel Estimates Overlook Potential Pop-Up Threats. Inside the
Pentagon. Elaine M. Grossman, Jun 25, 1998, pp 1, 6-7
A panel charged by Congress to examine the nature and magnitude of
current or potential ballistic missile threats to the United States is
preparing to issue a report next month saying there exists one or more
potential pop-up threats the US intelligence community has overlooked. 
As Rumsfeld Commission Report Nears: Some Experts See Shortcomings In
Intelligence Estimate Process. Inside the Pentagon. Elaine M. Grossman,
Jun 25, 1998, pp 5-6
Following a recent visit to Russia, the commander of the US Strategic
Command, Air Force Gen Eugene Habiger, is insisting he has proof
positive it would take at least 10 minutes for the Russian Strategic
Rocket Forces to load target coordinates in the United States into their
nuclear missiles. Although the time period is short, US leaders suggest
the delay could allow sufficient time for "red phone" contacts between
US and Russian leaders to head off an impending nuclear holocaust. 
House Appropriators Raise Possibility Of Rapid Response Predator. Inside
the Pentagon, Jun 26, 1998, p 11
The House Appropriations Committee is encouraging the Air Force to
consider creating a rapid response Predator UAV system to provide
surveillance vehicles in an emergency without taxing the limited number
of operational air vehicles already in high demand. 
Lockheed Martin's Response To DoD THAAD Letter Not Yet Approved. Inside
the Pentagon, Jun 25, 1998, p 10
Lockheed Martin's proposed changes to the Theater High Altitude Area
Defense program have not been officially approved by the government as
contract personnel work on issues related to the company's contribution
to flight failure costs. 
Turf Wars. Inside the Pentagon, Jun 26, 1998, p 17
There are plenty of people worried that Russia's nuclear arsenal isn't
nearly as secure as it needs to be. But Gen Eugene Habiger, the outgoing
chief of the US Strategic Command, isn't one of them. 
House Appropriators Cut JSOW Unitary, Advise New Low-Cost Munition.
Inside the Pentagon, Jun 26, 1998, p 12
House Appropriators have recommended terminating the development of a
unitary variant of the Joint Stand-off Weapon, following a push by Navy
requirements officials to cancel that version of the glide bomb and
divert a significant amount of money planned for research and
development and production of the munition to other accounts. 
Indian-Pakistani Flashpoint Garners Heightened Concern . . . Senate,
House Resolutions Ask UN Envoy To Help Resolve Kashmir Dispute. Inside
the Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Jun 26, 1998, p 12-13
An amendment offered by Sen Tom Harkin (D-IA) to the FY99 Senate defense
authorization bill calls on the United Nations to focus international
attention on tensions in the Kashmir region, a hotly contested area
between India and Pakistan, and enlist the services of a mediator to
help the two nations resolve their longstanding territorial dispute. 
Labor Costs, Access To Markets Drive Demand for China's Launch Services.
Inside the Pentagon. Keith J. Costa, Jun 26, 1998, pp 15-16
As Congress conducts a series of investigations to determine if US
national security interests have been placed at risk by the export of US
commercial satellites for launch on Chinese rockets. Industry officials
and space policy analysts interviewed this week indicated a wide array
of factors driving an international demand for China's launch vehicle
USAF High-Energy Laser Module Scores Success. Jane's Defence Weekly.
Bryan Bender, Jun 24, 1998, p 9
The 'first light' test of the flight weighted module, a
multi-hundred-kilowatt-class chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL), was
conducted on 3 June at TRW's Capistrano Test Site near San Clemente in
CA. "This 'first light' testing is the latest in a series of risk
reduction activities by Team ABL that has kept the ABL program on cost
and on schedule without encountering any technical show stoppers," said
Col. Mike Brown, ABL Program director. 
Antey-2500 Missile System Will Be Deployed Around Moscow. Jane's Defence
Weekly. Nikolai Novichkov, Jun 24, 1998, p 11
It is thought that five Antey-2500 batteries will be deployed to provide
protection from the threat of aircraft, tactical missiles and theater
ballistic missiles. According to Rosvoorouzhenie arms trading company's
general designer, Veniamin Yefremov, the Antey-2500 is a new generation
system capable of effectively combating aircraft, tactical missiles and
theater ballistic missiles. It is capable of simultaneously engaging 24
air-breathing targets, including stealth targets, or 16 ballistic
US Approves Extra Patriot Sales To Bolster Israeli Defenses. Jane's
Defence Weekly, Jun 24, 1998, p 17
Israel is set to get an estimated $73m worth of Patriot components,
including three AN/MPQ-53 radar sets; three AN/MSQ-104 engagement
control stations; three M983 tractors; and nine M931A2 trucks.
Modification kits, generators, shop and tool equipment, spare and repair
parts, test equipment, training and other logistics support is also
included in the deal, the Pentagon said. 
Industry Outlook; Piezoelectric Motors. Jane's Defence Weekly. Paul
Proctor, Jun 24, 1998, p 15
Aerotech Engineering and Research Corp. is seeking commercial
applications for ultrasonic motor technology it refined under contract
to BMDO. The motors, which have potential military applications as
lightweight missile actuators, use a piezoceramic material, lead
zirconium titanate (PZT), which changes size when stimulated by an
electric signal. The small displacements translate motion to a rotor
connected to an output shaft, according to Suman Saripalli, Aerotech R&D
engineer. The motors exhibit fast response and high torque at low rpm
for their small size. 

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