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Hard.Copy - 27 March 1998

BMDO Looks Again At Schedules For Missile Defense Programs. 
Aerospace Daily, Mar 25, 1998, p 446
The results of a recent report, "Reducing Risk in Ballistic Missile
Flight Test Programs," has prompted BMDO to reevaluate all of its
programs to allow for more comprehensive testing. Specifically, the
report discusses National Missile Defense (NMD) and the risks involved
with a compressed testing schedule. BMDO Director LtGen Lyles agrees
with the assessment and also believes the decision to deploy does not
have to be made by 2000. 
Senate Accepts $151 Million TMD Increase. 
Aerospace Daily, Mar 27, 1998, p 461
The Senate added $151m, $51m more than requested by the Clinton
Administration, to counter a theater missile threat that is expected to
emerge from Iran within the year. The money which will be added to the
defense-disaster fiscal 1998 supplemental will be used for PAC-3, Navy
Upper and Lower Tier, THAAD and interoperability between Israel's Arrow
and US TMD systems. 
BMDO Sticking With 3+3 NMD Timetable, Lyles Says. 
Aerospace Daily, Mar 27, 1998, p 461
BMDO Director LtGen Lyles insisted that they are sticking with the three
plus three strategy for NMD. Lyles admitted NMD is a "high risk "
program but the Lead Systems Integrator is being asked to identify the
risk areas and address them in a way to keep the program on schedule. 
Pentagon Mulls Space Laser Test. 
Aviation Week & Space Technology. Michael A. Dornheim, Mar 23, 1998, p 32
The Defense Department is reexamining concepts for testing an
antimissile laser in space, and has given contracts to Lockheed Martin
and a Boeing/TRW team to propose several plans for on-orbit tests in
2005-08. A single industry team could be selected this summer for work
toward a space demonstration. The contracts are symbolic of a heightened
interest in space based lasers after three years of large congressional
additions that tripled or quadrupled the Pentagon's $30m per year
effort. For FY99, the Pentagon took the hint and proposed a $93.8m SBL
TMD Is Still A Priority For Korean Commander. 
BMD Monitor, Mar 20, 1998, p 94
According to Gen John H. Tilelli Jr., commander in chief, United Nations
Command, ROK-US Combined Forces Command, US Forces Korea, TMD remains
one of the highest priorities. 
House Committee Adds $147 Million for TMD Improvements. 
BMD Monitor, Mar 20, 1998, pp 93-94
The House National Security Committee passed the Theater Missile Defense
Improvement Act of 1998, which was introduced to expand TMD capability
to counter Iran's Shahab-3 missile. 
US Space Command Moves Toward Major BMD Role. 
BMD Monitor, Mar 20, 1998, pp 95-96
US Space Command will have a much larger role in BMD because the most
secure, efficient and cost effective sensors are in space. Gen Howell M.
Estes, commander-in-chief of Space Command, believes that they will also
have a role in putting the information in useable form, generating
messages and in training. 
In Response To Study, Lyles Reviewing Missile Defense Testing Plans.
Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Mar 25, 1998, p 6
BMDO Director LtGen Lyles said he has ordered a review of the testing
plans for all of the DoD's missile defense programs in response to an
independent panel's conclusion, headed by retired AF Gen Larry Welch,
that the DoD is not planning adequate testing of its missile defense
Bill From Cochran, Inouye Pushes For NMD System. 
Defense Daily. Greg Caires, Mar 26, 1998, pp 2-3
Sens Thad Cochran (R-MS) and Daniel Inouye (D-HI) introduced a bill,
known as S. 1806 "The American Missile Protection Act of 1998," that
seeks to make it the policy of the US to deploy a national missile
defense (NMD) system. The bill's goal is to force the Clinton
administration to accept that the development and fielding of an NMD
system capable of intercepting a limited ballistic missile attack is of
vital national interest. To date, the Clinton administration has said it
would build an NMD system if warranted by future threats. 
Senate Adds $151 Million For Missile Defense To Emergency Bill. 
Defense Daily. Sheila Foote, Mar 25, 1998, p 4
The Senate approved an amendment to the FY98 supplemental spending bill
that provides $151m in research and development funds to accelerate US
efforts to develop theater missile defense systems capable of defending
against mid-range ballistic missiles under development by Iran. 
Committee Proposes Missile Defense Fund Boost. 
Defense News. Lisa Burgess, Mar 23, 1998, p 10
According to this article, US lawmakers are trying to increase Pentagon
spending on theater missile defense due to an increased threat to US
allies. The new bill would add $147m to accelerate testing schedules for
two key TMD programs: the Patriot Advanced Capabiity-3 (PAC-3) and the
Navy Area Wide Defense System. 
Pentagon Cost Worries Threaten MEADS. 
Defense Week. Colin Clark, Mar 23, 1998, p 2
Once touted as the premier example of allied cooperation, the fate of
the MEADS missile program looks increasingly in doubt. SecDef Cohen told
reporters that MEADS funding did not have strong support in Congress and
that other antimissile systems were competing with it for funds. The
Germans have made very clear to the Pentagon their unhappiness with the
recent US actions and rhetoric on MEADS. 
Iraq's MIO: Ministry Of Missing Weapons. 
Jane's Intelligence Review. Sean Boyne, Mar 01, 1998, pp 23-25
"The cat-and-mouse game played out between Iraq's Military
Industrialization Organization (MIO) and the UN weapon inspectors has
meant that key prohibited weapon programs have been slowed but
nevertheless remain largely intact." Article contains a chart listing
the main Iraqi facilities or establishments that have been engaged in
work on nuclear weapons, biological weapons (BW) and chemical weapons
(CW) has been drawn up in recent times by members of the Iraqi
UNSCOM Odyssey: The Search For Saddam's Biological Arsenal. 
Jane's Intelligence Review. Al J. Venter, Mar 01, 1998, pp 16-21
As the latest crisis over Iraq has shown, Saddam is prepared to go to
the brink to protect his weapons of mass destruction, while the US and
its closest allies are prepared to use force to deny them to him. The
front line in the latest confrontation has existed for some time,
however, and UNSCOM inspectors have been on it. Areas discussed include
a description of the Al-Hakam facility, UNSCOM's discovery that Iraq had
imported suspiciously large quantities of culturing media (presumably
for anthrax and botulinum growth), and the overall nature of the threat.
Has Israel Kept Its BW Options Open?. 
Jane's Intelligence Review. P.R. Kumaraswamy, Mar 01, 1998, p 22
Those who have tracked chemical and biological warfare capabilities in
the Mideast have been silent about Israeli efforts in the area. The
author argues that Israel is reviewing its position toward the Chemical
Warfare Convention. Signing the convention will open Israel to extensive
outside monitoring. 
US To Test Advanced Ballistic Missile Interceptor. 
Jane's International Defense Review, Mar 01, 1998, p 8
The US Space and Missile Defense Command (SMDC) plans to award a
contract in the third quarter of FY98 for development and demonstrations
of an Atmospheric Interceptor Technology (AIT). The basic contract will
include a preliminary design review within about 18 months and culminate
in a critical design review by FY01. The AIT flies at 4km/sec., which
enlarges the area that it can defend by a factor of three compared with
conventional 2km/sec. designs. Potential near-term applications include
the USN's Standard Missile Block IVA weapon. 
USAF Works To Define Space Based Radar. 
Jane's International Defense Review, Mar 01, 1998, p 16
The US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) has requested inputs from
industry relating to advanced technologies and concepts for a Space
Based Radar (SBR) to provide surveillance and threat warning. The
spacecraft would provide synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging, ground
moving target indication (GMTI), and air moving target indication
(AMTI). Raytheon Systems Company recently revealed details of a
conceptual SBR design, using a constellation of 14 satellites orbiting
at 10,000km to provide coverage of the CONUS, Alaska, and Hawaii. Each
would carry a 150m-diameter dish antenna, and generate up to 2MW of peak
The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
Physics Today. Jeremiah Sullivan, Mar 01, 1998, pp 24-29
An agreement to prohibit all nuclear explosions of any yield, at any
location, for any purpose and for all time has been signed by the
President and is now in the hands of the US Senate. The article includes
a description of the treaty, various verification techniques, conduct of
on-site inspections, and stockpile stewardship. 
Science And Politics In Early Nuclear Test Ban Negotiations.
Physics Today. Kai-Henrik Barth, Mar 01, 1998, pp 34-39
In a technical conference related to nuclear test ban negotiations in
the late 1950s, Soviet and US scientists disagreed along national lines
about the capabilities of scientific instruments, the validity of
theories and the handling and interpretation of data. Article discusses
disarmament talks, make up of the various delegations, instruments, and
political considerations. 
Willow Dune - An Historic First. US Army Missile Defense Data Center
Bits-N-Bytes, Jan 01, 1998, pp 4-5
During the February 7 mission, the SCUD was successfully engaged by a
PAC-2 interceptor. The Kwajalein Missile Range provided stunning real
time coverage of the mission for personnel in the Kwajalein Mission
Control Center via super RADOT imagery. The P-3 aircraft also provided
excellent imagery of the launch through burnout. With weather fast
closing in on the March 19 mission, Patriot once again successfully
engaged the SCUD - this time with a Guidance Enhanced Mode (GEM)

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