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Homeland Security

Preface

In recent years, the potential for hostile actions in the form of terrorist activities directed toward United States (US) citizens and US interests worldwide has become an increasingly serious threat. In the very recent past, terrorist activities have been brought to the shores of the US. In an effort to counter this threat, the US government (USG) has implemented a number of measures to enhance our national capability to deter, prevent, respond to, and recover from terrorist activities in the US, the District of Columbia (DC), Puerto Rico, and US territories and possessions. The uniqueness of civil support teams (CSTs) employment and support and the enormity of their tasks must be understood; that is, the concept that results in employment of national guard (NG) CSTs manned by both Army and Air National Guard personnel to support local, state (in Title 32 United States Code [USC] status), and federal (Title 10 USC status) response systems.

The CST mission is to support civil authorities at a domestic chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explosives (CBRNE) incident site by identifying CBRNE agents/substances, assessing current and projected consequences, advising on response measures, and assisting with appropriate requests for additional support.

CSTs work in a high-risk and high-stress environment where attention to detail is paramount to the team's success and survival. Safety is of utmost importance during CST operations where one minor mistake could cause not only team casualties but could also further spread CBRNE materials. As the "governor's 911 force for weapons of mass destruction (WMD)," the CST provides direct support to the "frontline" of local, state, and federal emergency response organizations. CST operations will primarily occur in a nonmilitary environment that may include urban, rural, industrial, or suburban areas, and/or hot or cold weather environments. Additionally, CSTs will operate only within the US, DC, Puerto Rico, and US territories or possessions while in Title 10 or 32 status.

Field Manual (FM) 3-11.22 provides the suggested doctrinal tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP) for use by WMD CSTs, which are designed to provide support to local, state, and federal response systems. The TTP will help guide the employment of these teams, and CST capabilities can assist in rendering additional support needed during a CBRNE response. Doctrine represents those fundamental principles by which the military forces or elements guide their actions in support of national objectives. It is authoritative but requires judgment in application. As CSTs use this manual, the reader must also have an understanding of the impact of CBRNE against a target and of the federal and state emergency response system and capabilities.

This manual focuses on the principles of CST operations, the organization of the CSTs, the CST mission, and the command and control (C2) of those teams. It discusses the capabilities and limitations of the teams, information on the concept of CST employment, planning considerations, and support information that can

be provided during a response. It further provides detailed guidance in the form of TTP for the employment and conduct of operations by these teams.

For reference purposes, Appendix A contains a metric conversion chart.

Unless stated otherwise, masculine nouns or pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.

The proponent of this publication is the US Army Chemical School. Send comments, recommended changes, and the rationale for those changes on DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) directly to Commandant, US Army Chemical School, 401 MANSCEN Loop, Suite 1029, ATTN: ATSN-CM-DD, Fort Leonard Wood, MO 65473-8926.

 



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