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Homeland Security

Glossary

The glossary lists acronyms and terms with Army or joint definitions, and other selected terms.

A&L

 

administration and logistics

AAR

 

after-action report

AC

 

active component

ACADA

 

automatic chemical agent detector and alarm

ACLS

 

advanced cardiac life support

ACP

 

access control point

ADCON

 

administrative control

ADMIN

 

administration

administrative control

 

Direction or exercise of authority over subordinate or other organizations in respect to administration and support, including organization of Service forces, control of resources and equipment, personnel management, unit logistics, individual and unit training, readiness, mobilization, demobilization, discipline, and other matters not included in the operational missions of the subordinate or other organizations. Also called ADCON. (JP 1-02)

ADP

 

automated data processing

ADT

 

active duty for training

ADVON

 

advanced echelon

aerosol

 

A liquid or solid composed of finely divided particles suspended in a gaseous medium. Examples of common aerosols are mist, fog, and smoke. (JP 3-11)

AFB

 

Air Force base

AFFOR

 

Air Force forces

AFIERA

 

Air Force Institute for Environment, Safety, and Health Risk Analysis

AFM

 

Air Force manual

AFRRI

 

Armed Forces Radiobiological Research Institute

AFSC

 

Air Force specialty code

AGR

 

active guard/reserve

AIT

 

aeromedical isolation team

AL

 

Alabama

ALARA

 

as low as reasonably achievable

ALOG

 

Army logistics

amb

 

ambulatory

AMS

 

Aerial Measuring System

ANG

 

Air National Guard

AO

 

area of operation

AOI

 

area of interest

AOR

 

area of responsibility

AR

 

Army regulation

ARAC

 

Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability

ARC

 

American Red Cross

area assessment

 

The commander's prescribed collection of specific information that commences upon employment and is a continuous operation. It confirms, corrects, refutes, or adds to previous intelligence acquired from area studies and other sources prior to employment. (JP 3-05)

area of interest

 

The area of concern to the commander, including the area of influence, areas adjacent thereto, and extending into enemy territory to the objectives of current or planned operations. This area also includes areas occupied by enemy forces who could jeopardize the accomplishment of the mission. Also called AOI. (JP 1-02)

area of operations

 

An operational area defined by the joint force commander for land and naval forces. Areas of operation do not typically encompass the entire operational area of the joint force commander, but should be large enough for component commanders to accomplish their missions and protect their forces. Also called AO. (JP 1-02)

area of responsibility

 

The geographical area associated with a combatant command within which a combatant commander has authority to plan and conduct operations. Also called AOR. (JP 3-0)

ARNG

 

Army National Guard

ARTEP

 

Army Training and Evaluation Program

ASCC

 

Army Services Component Command

ASI

 

additional skill identifier

assign

 

1. To place units or personnel in an organization where such placement is relatively permanent, and/or where such organization controls and administers the units or personnel for the primary function, or greater portion of the functions, of the unit or personnel. 2. To detail individuals to specific duties or functions where such duties or functions are primary and/or relatively permanent. (JP 1-02)

AT

 

antiterrorism

ATLS

 

advanced trauma life support

ATSDR

 

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

avoidance

 

Individual and/or unit measures taken to avoid or minimize nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) attacks and reduce the effects of NBC hazards. (JP 1-02)

BDRP

 

Biological Defense Research Program

BIDS

 

Biological Integrated Detection System

BII

 

basic issue items

biological agent

 

A microorganism that causes disease in personnel, plants, or animals or causes the deterioration of materiel. (JP 1-02)

biological threat

 

A threat that consists of biological material planned to be deployed to produce casualties in personnel or animals or damage plants. (JP 3-11)

biological weapon

 

An item of materiel which projects, disperses, or disseminates a biological agent including arthropod vectors. (JP 1-02)

blister agent

 

A chemical agent which injures the eyes and lungs, and burns or blisters the skin. (JP 1-02)

blood agent

 

A chemical compound, including the cyanide group, that affects bodily functions by preventing the normal utilization of oxygen by body tissues. (JP 1-02)

BLS

 

basic life support

BW

 

biological warfare

C2

 

command and control

C4I

 

command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence

CAM

 

chemical agent monitor

CAS

 

chemical abstract service

CB

 

chemical and biological

CBD

 

chemical and biological defense

CBIRF

 

cemical-biological incident response force

CBRNE

 

chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explosives

CBRRT

 

chemical-biological, rapid response team

CBRT

 

chemical-biological response team

CCA

 

contamination control area

CCI

 

classified cryptological information

CCIR

 

commander's critical information requirements

CCT

 

contamination control team

CD

 

counterdrug

CDC

 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention

CDE

 

chemical defense equipment

CDRG

 

catastrophic disaster response group

CDTF

 

chemical decontamination training facility

CEOI

 

communications-electronics operating instructions

CFR

 

Code of Federal Regulations

CG

 

commanding general

chemical agent

Any toxic chemical intended for use in military operations. (JP 1-02)

chemical defense

The methods, plans, and procedures involved in establishing and executing defensive measures against attack utilizing chemical agents. (JP 1-02)

chemical warfare

 

All aspects of military operations involving the employment of lethal and incapacitating munitions/agents and the warning and protective measures associated with such offensive operations. Since riot control agents and herbicides are not considered to be chemical warfare agents, those two items will be referred to separately or under the broader term "chemical," which will be used to include all types of chemical munitions/agents collectively. Also called CW. (JP 3-11)

chemical weapon

 

Together or separately, (a) a toxic chemical and its precursors, except when intended for a purpose not prohibited under the Chemical Weapons Convention; (b) a munition or device, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through toxic properties of those chemicals specified in (a), above, which would be released as a result of the employment of such munition or device; (c) any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions or devices specified in (b), above. (JP 3-11)

CHPPM

 

Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine

CHRIS

 

Chemical Hazards Response Information System

CIRG

 

critical-incident response group

CJCS

 

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

CJCSI

 

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff instruction

CJTF

 

commander, joint task force

CM

 

consequence management

CMAT

 

consequence management advisory team

CMSUPCEN

 

consequence management support center

CNO

 

Chief of Naval Operations

CO

 

commanding officer

COA

 

course of action

COCOM

 

combatant command (command authority)

cold-zone

 

The cold-zone contains the command post and such other support functions as are deemed necessary to control the incident. This zone is also referred to as the clean zone or support zone in other documents. (NFPA 471)

combatant command (command authority)

 

Nontransferable command authority established by Title 10 ("Armed Forces"), United States Code, section 164, exercised only by commanders of unified or specified combatant commands unless otherwise directed by the President or Secretary of Defense. Combatant command (command authority) cannot be delegated and is the authority of a combatant commander to perform those functions of command over assigned forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations, joint training, and logistics necessary to accomplish the missions assigned to the command. Combatant command (command authority) should be exercised through the commanders of subordinate organizations. Normally this authority is exercised through subordinate joint force commanders and Service and/or functional component commanders. Combatant command (command authority) provides full authority to organize and employ commands and forces as the combatant commander considers necessary to accomplish assigned missions. Operational control is inherent in combatant command (command authority). Also called COCOM. (JP 1-02)

command

 

1. The authority that a commander in the Armed Forces lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment. Command includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources and for planning the employment of, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. It also includes responsibility for health, welfare, morale, and discipline of assigned personnel. 2. An order given by a commander; that is, the will of the commander expressed for the purpose of bringing about a particular action. 3. A unit or units, an organization, or an area under the command of one individual. (JP 1-02)

command and control

 

The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission. Also called C2. (JP 1-02)

commander's critical information requirements

 

A comprehensive list of information requirements identified by the commander as being critical in facilitating timely information management and the decision making process that affect successful mission accomplishment. The two key subcomponents are critical friendly force information and priority intelligence requirements. Also called CCIR. (JP 1-02)

communications security

 

The protection resulting from all measures designed to deny unauthorized persons information of value that might be derived from the possession and study of telecommunications, or to mislead unauthorized persons in their interpretation of the results of such possession and study. Also called COMSEC. (JP 1-02)

COMSEC

 

communications security

concept of operations

 

A verbal or graphic statement, in broad outline, of a commander's assumptions or intent in regard to an operation or series of operations. The concept of operations frequently is embodied in campaign plans and operation plans; in the latter case, particularly when the plans cover a series of connected operations to be carried out simultaneously or in succession. The concept is designed to give an overall picture of the operation. It is included primarily for additional clarity of purpose. Also called CONOPS. (JP 1-02)

concept plan

 

An operation plan in concept format. Also called CONPLAN. (JP 1-02)

confinement

 

Those procedures taken to keep a material, once released, in a defined or local area. (NFPA 471)

CONOPS

 

concept of operations

CONPLAN

 

concept plan

consequence management

 

Those measures taken to protect public health and safety, restore essential government services, and provide emergency relief to governments, businesses, and individuals affected by the consequences of a chemical, biological, nuclear, and/or high-yield explosive situation. For domestic consequence management, the primary authority rests with the States to respond and the Federal Government to provide assistance as required. Also called CM. (JP 3-0)

containment

 

The actions taken to keep a material in its container (e.g., stop a release of the material or reduce the amount being released). (NFPA 471)

contaminant

 

A hazardous material that physically remains on or in people, animals, the environment or equipment, thereby creating a continuing risk of direct injury or a risk of exposure. (NFPA 471)

contamination

 

1. The deposit, absorption, or adsorption of radioactive material, or of biological or chemical agents on or by structures, areas, personnel or objects. 2. (DOD only) Food and/or water made unfit for consumption by humans or animals because of the presence of environmental chemicals, radioactive elements, bacteria or organisms, the byproduct of the growth of bacteria or organisms, the decomposing material (to include the food substance itself), or waste in the food or water. (JP 1-02)

contamination control

 

Procedures to avoid, reduce, remove, or render harmless (temporarily or permanently) nuclear, biological, and chemical contamination for the purpose of maintaining or enhancing the efficient conduct of military operations. (JP 3-11)

contingency plan

 

A plan for major contingencies that can reasonable be anticipate in the principal geographic subareas of the command. (JP 1-02)

control

 

1. Authority that may be less than full command exercised by the commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other organizations. 2. In mapping, charting, and photogrammetry, a collective term for a system of marks or objects on the Earth or on a map or a photograph, whose positions or elevations (or both) have been or will be determined. 3. Physical or psychological pressures exerted with the intent to assure that an agent or group will respond as directed. 4. An indicator governing the distribution and use of documents, information, or material. Such indicators are the subject of intelligence community agreement and are specifically defined in appropriate regulations. (JP 1-02)

CONUS

 

continental United States

COP

 

common operational picture

COTS

 

commercial, off-the-shelf

counterterrorism

 

Offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism. Also called CT (JP 1-02)

CP

 

command post

CPT

 

captain

CPX

 

command post exercise

CRA

 

chemical reduction area

crisis management

 

Measure to resolve a hostile situation and investigate and prepare a criminal case for prosecution under federal law. Crisis management will include a response to an incident involving a weapon of mass destruction, special improvised explosive device, or a hostage crisis that is beyond the capability of the lead federal agency. (JP 3-07.6)

CSD

 

chemical support division

CSM

 

chemical surety material

CSS

 

combat service support

CST

 

civil support team

CTC

 

combat training center

CW

 

chemical warfare

CWC

 

Chemical Weapons Convention

DA

 

Department of the Army

DAP

 

dismounted analytical platform

DART

 

disaster assistance response team

DC

 

District of Columbia

DCO

 

defense coordinating officer

DCS

 

Deployable Communications System

DCSLOG

 

Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics

DECL

 

declassify

decontamination

 

The process of making any person, object, or area safe by absorbing, destroying, neutralizing, making harmless, or removing chemical or biological agents, or by removing radioactive material clinging to or around it. (JP 1-02)

DED

 

detailed equipment decontamination

deliberate planning

 

1. The Joint Operation Planning and Execution System process involving the development of joint operation plans for contingencies identified in joint strategic planning documents. Deliberate planning is accomplished in prescribed cycles that complement other Department of Defense planning cycles in accordance with the formally established Joint Strategic Planning System. 2. A planning process for the deployment and employment of apportioned forces and resources that occurs in response to a hypothetical situation. Deliberate planners rely heavily on assumptions regarding the circumstances that will exist when the plan is executed. (JP 1-02)

detection

 

1. In tactical operations, the perception of an object of possible military interest but unconfirmed by recognition. 2. In surveillance, the determination and transmission by a surveillance system that an event has occurred. 3. In arms control, the first step in the process of ascertaining the occurrence of a violation of an arms control agreement. 4. In nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) environments, the act of locating NBC hazards by use of NBC detectors or monitoring and/or survey teams. (JP 3-11)

DFO

 

disaster field office

DHHS

 

Department of Health and Human Services

DISN

 

Defense Information Systems Network

DNBI

 

disease and nonbattle injury

DNWS

 

Defense Nuclear Weapons School

doctrine

 

Fundamental principles by which the military forces or elements thereof guide their actions in support of national objectives. It is authoritative but requires judgment in application. (JP 1-02)

DOD

 

Department of Defense

DODD

 

Department of Defense directive

DOE

 

Department of Energy

DOJ

 

Department of Justice

DOL

 

directorate of logistics

DOMS

 

director of military support

DOS

 

Department of State

DOT

 

Department of Transportation

DRAGON

 

Deployable Response And Graphics Operations Network

DRCD

 

domestic-response casualty decontamination

DTG

 

date-time group

DTRA

 

Defense Threat Reduction Agency

ECBC

 

Edgewood Chemical-Biological Center

EEFI

 

essential elements of friendly information

EFI

 

enemy forces information

EFR

 

emergency first responder

EHS

 

extremely hazardous substance

electromagnetic pulse

 

The electromagnetic radiation from a strong electronic pulse, most commonly caused by a nuclear explosion that may couple with electrical or electronic systems to produce damaging current and voltage surges. Also called EMP. (JP 1-02)

EMA

 

emergency management assistance

EMAC

 

emergency management assistance compact

emergency decontamination

 

The physical process of immediately reducing contamination of individuals in potentially life-threatening situations without the formal establishment of a contamination corridor. (NFPA 471)

Emergency Management Assistance Compact

 

A mutual aid agreement and partnership between states recognized by Congress in 1996 as a legally binding, contractual arrangement which makes states that ask for help responsible for reimbursing all out-of- state costs and liable for out-of-state personnel (Public Law 104-321).

EMI

 

Emergency Management Institute

EMP

 

electromagnetic pulse

EMS

 

emergency medical services

EMT

 

emergency medical technician

EOC

 

emergency operations center

EOD

 

explosive ordnance disposal

EPA

 

Environmental Protection Agency

EPDS

 

emergency personnel decontaminating station

EPLO

 

emergency preparedness liaison officer

ERAMS

 

Environmental Radiation Ambient Monitoring System

ERC

 

equipment readiness condition

ERG

 

emergency response guide

ERP

 

emergency response plan

ERT

 

emergency response team

ESF

 

emergency support function

essential elements of friendly information

 

Key questions likely to be asked by adversary officials and intelligence systems about specific friendly intentions, capabilities, and activities, so they can obtain answers critical to their operational effectiveness. Also called EEFI. (JP 1-02)

EST

 

emergency support team

ETA

 

estimated time of arrival

EXORD

 

executive order

explosive ordnance disposal

 

The detection, identification, on-site evaluation, rendering safe, recovery, and final disposal of unexploded explosive ordnance. It may also include explosive ordnance which has become hazardous by damage or deterioration. Also called EOD. (JP 1-02)

exposure

 

The process by which people, animals, the environment, and equipment are subjected to or come in contact with a hazardous material. The magnitude of exposure is dependent primarily upon the duration of exposure and the concentration of the hazardous material. (NFPA 471)

F

 

Fahrenheit

FAC

 

Forensic Analytical Center

FAX

 

facsimile

FBI

 

Federal Bureau of Investigation

FDA

 

Federal Drug Administration

FEMA

 

Federal Emergency Management Agency

FFIR

 

friendly force information requirements

FH

 

frequency hopping

FL

 

Florida

FM

 

field manual; frequency modulated

FMFM

 

Fleet Marine field manual

force protection

 

Actions taken to prevent or mitigate hostile actions against Department of Defense personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information. These actions conserve the force's fighting potential so it can be applied at the decisive time and place and incorporate the coordinated and synchronized offensive and defensive measures to enable the effective employment of the joint force while degrading opportunities for the enemy. Force protection does not include actions to defeat the enemy or protect against accidents, weather, or disease. Also called FP. (JP 3-0)

FORSCOM

 

United States Army Forces Command

FOSC

 

federal on-scene coordinator

FP

 

force protection

FPC

 

force protection condition

FPD

 

flame photometric detector

FRAGO

 

fragmentary order

FRP

 

Federal Response Plan

FSB

 

forward staging base

FSG

 

family support group

FTX

 

field training exercise

FY

 

fiscal year

gal

 

gallon(s)

GB

 

sarin

GC

 

gas chromatograph

GC/MS

 

gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer

GD

 

soman

GENTEXT

 

general text

GPS

 

Global Positioning System

GSA

 

General Services Administration

hazard

 

A condition with the potential to cause injury, illness, or death of personnel; damage to or loss of equipment or property; or mission degradation. (JP 1-02)

hazard analysis

 

Used to obtain a clear understanding of what hazards exist and what risk they pose to people, property, missions, and the environment. It consists of determining where hazards are likely to exist, what places would most likely be adversely affected, what hazardous materials could be involved, and what conditions might exist during a spill or release. This section also assesses the probability of damage or injury. The information developed in a hazard analysis provides the basis for establishing priorities and subsequent planning and also provides the documentation to support hazardous materials planning and response efforts. (NFPA 473)

hazardous

 

Capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or the environment; capable of causing harm (NFPA 471)

hazardous material

 

A substance (gas, liquid, or solid) capable of creating harm to people, the environment, and property. Also called HAZMAT. (NFPA 471)

HAZMAT

 

hazardous material

HD

 

mustard gas

HEENT

 

head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat

HF

 

high frequency

HHA

 

handheld assay

HMRU

 

hazardous materials response unit

hot-zone

 

The area immediately surrounding a hazardous materials incident, which extends far enough to prevent adverse effects from HAZMAT releases to personnel outside the zone, also called exclusion or restricted zone (NFPA 471)

HPV

 

high-production volume

HQ

 

headquarters

hr

 

hur(s)

HSAS

 

Homeland Security Advisory System

HSDB

 

hazardous substances data bank

HTH

 

high-test hypochlorite

HVAC

 

heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

i.e.

 

id est (that is)

IAP

 

incident accident plan; incident action plan

IC

 

incident commander

ICAM

 

improved chemical agent monitor

ICP

 

incident command post

ICS

 

incident command system

ICSC

 

International Chemical Safety Card

ID

 

identification

IDLH

 

immediately dangerous to life or health

IED

 

improvised explosive device

IEP

 

initial entry party

ILO

 

International Labor Organization

ILS

 

integrated logistics support

IMPAC

 

international merchant purchase authority card

improvised nuclear device

 

A device incorporating radioactive materials designated to result in the dispersal of radioactive material or in the formation of nuclear-yield reaction. Such devices may be fabricated in a completely improvised manner or may be an improvised modification to a US or foreign nuclear weapon. (JP 1-02)

incident

 

In information operations, an assessed event of attempted entry, unauthorized entry, or an information attack on an automated information system. It includes unauthorized probing and browsing; disruption or denial of service; altered or destroyed input, processing, storage, or output of information; or changes to information system hardware, firmware, or software characteristics with or without the users' knowledge, instruction, or intent. (JP 1-02)

incident command system

 

The model tool for command, control and coordination of a response and provides a means to coordinate the efforts of individual agencies as they work toward the common goal of stabilizing the incident and protecting life, property and the environment. (NFPA 472)

incident commander

 

The person responsible for all decisions relating to the management of the incident. The incident command is in charge of the incident site. This term is equivalent to the on-scene incident commander. (NFPA 471)

individual protective equipment

 

In nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare, the personal clothing and equipment required to protect an individual from biological and chemical hazards and some nuclear effects. (JP 1-02)

industrial chemicals

 

Chemicals developed or manufactured for use in industrial operations or research, by industry, government, or the academia. These chemicals are not primarily manufactured for the specific purpose of producing human casualties or rendering equipment, facilities, or areas dangerous for use by man. (JP 3-11)

INFOSEC

 

information security

INMARSAT

 

international maritime satellite

IPB

 

intelligence preparation of battlespace

IPCS

 

International Programme on Chemical Safety

IPE

 

individual protective equipment

IR

 

information requirements

IRF

 

initial response force

IRIS

 

Integrated Risk Information System

IT

 

individual training

IUR

 

inventory update rule

JACE

 

joint assessment and consequence evaluation

JAG

 

judge advocate general

JNACC

 

Joint Nuclear-Accident Coordination Center

JOA

 

joint operations area

JOC

 

joint operations center

Joint Task Force

 

A joint force formed at the direction of the Secretary of Defense, a unified commander, or another JTF commander. (JP 1.02)

JP

 

joint publication

JSOTF

 

joint special operations task force

JTF

 

joint task force

JTOT

 

joint technical operations team

JTTP

 

joint tactics, techniques, and procedures

KW

 

kilowatt(s)

LAN

 

local area network

LCD

 

liquid crystal display

LCM

 

life cycle management

LEA

 

law enforcement agency

lead agency

 

Designated among US Government agencies to coordinate the interagency oversight of the day-to-day conduct of an ongoing operation. The lead agency is to chair the interagency working group established to coordinate policy related to a particular operation. The lead agency determines the agenda, ensures cohesion among the agencies, and is responsible for implementing decisions. (JP 1-02)

LEL

 

lower explosive level

LEPC

 

local emergency planning committee

LFA

 

lead federal agency

LNO

 

liaison officer

LOC

 

line of communications

logistic support

 

Logistic support encompasses the logistic services, materiel, and transportation required to support the continental United States-based and worldwide deployed forces. (JP 1-02)

logistics

 

The science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces. In its most comprehensive sense, those aspects of military operations that deal with: a. design and development, acquisition, storage, movement, distribution, maintenance, evacuation, and disposition of materiel; b. movement, evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel; c. acquisition or construction, maintenance, operation, and disposition of facilities; and d. acquisition or furnishing of services. (JP 1-02)

LOGSTAT

 

logistics status

LOS

 

line of site

LTC

 

lieutenant colonel

m

 

meter(s)

MAJ

 

major

MALS

 

Mobile Analytical Laboratory System

MARFORLANT

 

Marine Corps Forces, Atlantic

MCBAT

 

medical chemical-biological advisory team

MD

 

Maryland

MDMP

 

military decision-making process

MEAP

 

mobile environmental analytical platform

medical surveillance

 

The ongoing process of medical evaluation of hazardous materials response team members and public safety personnel who respond to a hazardous materials incident. (NFPA 473)

MEF

 

Marine Expeditionary Force

METL

 

mission-essential task list

METT-TC

 

mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time available, and civilian consideration

mg

 

milligram(s)

MHE

 

material handling equipment

min

 

minute(s)

mission-oriented protective posture

 

A flexible system of protection against nuclear, biological, and chemical contamination. This posture requires personnel to wear only that protective clothing and equipment (mission-oriented protective posture gear) appropriate to the threat level, work rate imposed by the mission, temperature, and humidity. Also called MOPP. (JP 3-11)

MMST

 

metropolitan medical strike team

MO

 

Missouri

MOA

 

memorandum of agreement

MOPP

 

mission-oriented protective posture

MOS

 

military operational specialty

MP

 

military police

mph

 

miles per hour

MRAT

 

medical radiobiology advisory team

MRE

 

meal, ready to eat

MSCA

 

military support to civil authorities

MSD

 

minimum safe distance

MTF

 

medical treatment facility

MTP

 

mission training plan

MTTP

 

multiservice tactics, techniques, and procedures

N

 

time of notification

NAERG

 

North American Emergency Response Guide

NBC

 

nuclear, biological, and chemical

NCO

 

noncommissioned officer

NCOIC

 

noncommissioned officer in charge

NCP

 

national contingency plan

NCS

 

National Communications System

NDI

 

nondevelopmental item

NEHC

 

Navy Environmental Health Center

NEIC

 

National Enforcement Investigations Center

NESDIS

 

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

NEST

 

nuclear emergency search team

NET

 

new equipment training

NFA

 

National Fire Academy

NFPA

 

National Fire Protection Association

NG

 

national guard

NGB

 

National Guard Bureau

NGB-CS

 

National Guard Bureau-Civil Support

NIOSH

 

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health

NIPRNET

 

nonsecure internet protocol router network

NJ

 

New Jersey

NLT

 

not later than

NMCC

 

National Military Command Center

NMRC

 

Navy Medical Research Center

NMRT

 

National Medical Response Team

NOAA

 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOS

 

National Ocean Service

NPL

 

national priorities list

NRC

 

National Response Center

NSC

 

National Security Council

NSF

 

National Strike Force

NSN

 

national stock number

nuclear, biological, and chemical defense

 

Defensive measures that enable friendly forces to survive, fight, and win against enemy use of nuclear, biological, or chemical (NBC) weapons and agents. US forces apply NBC defensive measures before and during integrated warfare. In integrated warfare, opposing forces employ nonconventional weapons along with conventional weapons (NBC weapons are nonconventional). (JP 3-11)

nuclear, biological, and chemical environment

 

Environments in which there is deliberate or accidental employment, or threat of employment, of nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons; deliberate or accidental attacks or contamination with toxic industrial materials, including toxic industrial chemicals; or deliberate or accidental attacks or contamination with radiological (radioactive) materials. (JP 3-11)

NV

 

Nevada

NWS

 

National Weather Service

O2

 

oxygen

OADR

 

originating agency's determination required

OBC

 

officer basic course

OCONUS

 

outside the continental United States

OEG

 

operational exposure guide

OIC

 

officer in charge

on-scene commander

 

1. The person designated to coordinate the rescue efforts at the rescue site. 2. Federal officer designated to direct federal crisis and consequence management efforts at the scene of a terrorist or weapons of mass destruction incident. Also called OSC. (JP 1-02)

OPCEN

 

operations center

OPCON

 

operational control

OPLAN

 

operation plan

OPORD

 

operation order

OPREP

 

operational report

OPSEC

 

operations security

OSC

 

on-scene commander

OSHA

 

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

oz

 

ounce(s)

PA

 

public affairs, physician's assistant

PAO

 

public affairs officer

PDD

 

Presidential Decision Directive

PDP

 

personal deployment package

PEL

 

permissible exposure limit

PERSEC

 

personnel security

persistency

 

In biological or chemical warfare, the characteristic of an agent which pertains to the duration of its effectiveness under determined conditions after dispersal. (JP 1-02)

personal protective equipment

 

The equipment provided to shield or isolate a person from the chemical, physical, and thermal hazards that can be encountered at a hazardous materials incident. Personal protective equipment includes both personal protective clothing and respiratory protection. Adequate personal protective equipment should protect the respiratory system, skin, eyes, face, hands, feet, head, body, and hearing. Also called PPE. (NFPA 472)

PERSTAT

 

personnel status

PHYSEC

 

physical security

PI

 

principal investigator

PID

 

photoionization detector

PIR

 

priority intelligence requirements

planned response

 

The plan of action, with safety considerations, consistent with the local emergency response plan and an organization's standard operating procedures for a specific hazardous materials incident. (NFPA 472)

PMCS

 

preventive maintenance checks and services

PME

 

professional military education

POC

 

point of contact

POMSO

 

plans, operations, and military support office

potable

 

fit or suitable for drinking

POTUS

 

President of the United States

PPE

 

personal-protective equipment

ppm

 

parts per million

protection

 

1. Measures that are taken to keep nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards from having an adverse effect on personnel, equipment, or critical assets and facilities. Protection consists of five groups of activities hardening of positions; protecting personnel; assuming mission-oriented protective posture; using physical defense measures; and reacting to attack. 2. In space usage, active and passive defensive measures to ensure that United States and friendly space systems perform as designated by seeking to overcome an adversary's attempts to negate them and to minimize damage if negation is attempted. (JP 3-11)

PVNTMED

 

preventive medicine

qt

 

quart

R&S

 

reconnaissance and surveillance

RA

 

risk analysis

RAD

 

radiological

RADIAC

 

radiation detection, indication, and computation

radiological survey

 

The directed effort to determine the distribution and dose rates of radiation in an area. (JP 1-02))

RAP

 

Radiological Assistance Program

RAPID

 

ruggedized advanced pathogen identification device

RAT

 

radioanalytical assessment team

RC

 

reserve component

RCA

 

riot control agent

REAC/TS

 

radiation emergency assistance center/training site

REL

 

recommended exposure limit

RERT

 

radiological emergency response team

RF

 

radio frequency

RFA

 

request for assistance

RFS

 

request for support

risk management

 

The process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks arising from operational factors and making decisions that balance risk cost with mission benefits. Also called RM. (JP 3-0)

RMC

 

regional medical command

RMP

 

risk management plan

ROC

 

regional operations center

ROE

 

rules of engagement

RRIS

 

Rapid Response Information System

RRT

 

rapid response team

RTAP

 

real-time analytical platform

RTECS

 

Registery of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances

RTF

 

response task force

RTF-E

 

response task force-east

RTF-W

 

response task force-west

RTK

 

right-to-know

S1

 

adjutant

S2

 

intelligence officer

S3

 

operations and training officer

S4

 

logistics officer

S5

 

civil-military operations officer

SA

 

situational awareness

SAMHSA

 

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

SATCOM

 

satellite communications

SB

 

supply bulletin

SBCCOM

 

Soldier and Biological Chemical Command

SC

 

single channel

SCBA

 

self-contained breathing apparatus

SCO

 

state coordinating officer

SCPE

 

simplified collective protective equipment

SCT

 

Secretariat of Communication and Transportation of Mexico

SECDEF

 

Secretary of Defense

SEI

 

skill experience identifier

SIGSEC

 

signal security

SIOC

 

strategic information operations center

SIPRNET

 

secret Internet protocol router network

SITREP

 

situation report

SMART

 

special medical augmentation response team

SMART-CB

 

special medical augmentation response team-chemical/biological

SMART-PM

 

special medical augmentation response team-preventive medicine

SMART-V

 

special medical augmentation response team-veterinarian

SME

 

subject matter expert

SOF

 

special operations forces

SOI

 

signal operation instruction

SOP

 

standing operating procedure

SP

 

special police

SPECWAR

 

special warfare

SQI

 

skill qualification identifier

SROE

 

standing rules of engagement

SSP

 

site safety plan

STARC

 

state area coordinator

survey

 

The directed effort to determine the location and the nature of a chemical, biological, and radiological hazard in an area. (JP 3-11)

TACON

 

tactical control

tactical control

 

Command authority over assigned or attached forces or commands, or military capability or forces made available for tasking, that is limited to the detailed direction and control of movements or maneuvers within the operational area necessary to accomplish missions or tasks assigned. Tactical control is inherent in operational control. Tactical control may be delegated to, and exercised at any level at any level at or below the level of combatant command. When forces are transferred between combatant commands, the command relationship the gaining commander will exercise (and the losing commander will relinquish) over these forces must be specified by the Secretary of Defense. Tactical control provides sufficient authority for controlling and directing the application of force or tactical use of combat support assets within the assigned mission or task. Also called TACON. (JP 0-2)

TAG

 

The Adjutant General

TDA

 

table of distribution and allowances

terrorism

 

The calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological. (JP 1-02)

TET

 

theater epidemiology team

TEU

 

technical escort unit

TF

 

task force

TIC

 

toxic industrial chemical

TIM

 

toxic industrial material

TL

 

team leader

TNCC

 

trojan network control center

TO

 

theater of operations

TOC

 

tactical operations center

TRANSCOM

 

Transportation Command

TSCA

 

toxic substance control act

TTP

 

tactics, techniques, and procedures

UCMJ

 

Uniform Code of Military Justice

UCS

 

unified command suite

UHF

 

ultrahigh frequency

UNEP

 

United Nations Environmental Program

US

 

United States

USA

 

US Army

USACE

 

United States Army Corps of Engineers

USACMLS

 

United States Army Chemical School

USAF

 

United States Air Force

USAMEDCOM

 

United States Army Medical Command

USAMEDD&S

 

United States Army Medical Department and School

USAMRICD

 

United States Army Medical Research Institute for Chemical Defense

USAMRIID

 

United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

USAR

 

United States Army Reserve

USASOC

 

United States Army Special Operations Command

USC

 

United States Code

USCG

 

United States Coast Guard

USDA

 

United States Department of Agriculture

USG

 

United States Government

USMC

 

United States Marine Corps

USN

 

United States Navy

USNG

 

United States National Guard

USPFO

 

United States Property and Fiscal Office

USPHS

 

United States Public Health Service

USRT

 

urban search and rescue team

USSOCOM

 

US Special Operations Command

USSS

 

United States Secret Service

USUHS

 

Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences

UXO

 

unexploded ordnance

VA

 

Virginia

VHF

 

very high frequency

VIP

 

very important person

VOC

 

volatile organic compound

WAN

 

wide-area network

warm-zone

 

The area of a hazardous material incident where personnel and equipment decontamination and hot-zone support takes place. It includes control points for the access thus assisting in reducing the spread of contamination institutional controls. Also called decontamination, contamination reduction or limited access zone. (NFPA 471)

weapon of mass destruction

 

Weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and/or of being used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people. Weapons of mass destruction can be high explosives or nuclear, biological, chemical, and radiological weapons, but exclude the means of transporting or propelling the weapon where such means is a separable and divisible part of the weapon. Also called WMD. (JP 1-02)

WHO

 

World Health Organization

WMD

 

weapons of mass destruction

WMDAAC

 

Weapons Of Mass Destruction Assessment and Analysis Center

WO

 

warning order



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