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Homeland Security

Appendix O

Civil Support Team Equipment

This appendix provides descriptions of CST equipment used during operations.




O-1. The MALS and DAP provide analysis of samples obtained by the survey section. They provide the capability to further analyze a broad range of CB contaminants. The medical and survey sections work together to gather and analyze samples. The information derived from survey and sampling operations will be used to assist the IC. The lab includes two work stations, internal and external lighting, sampling and preparation kits, a generator, a refrigerator, a microscope with fluorescent capabilities, HHA tickets, a GC/MS, a glove box (MALS), and filter system, and an interface to the UCS for the transmission of digital sample information. The DAP consists of a dismounted package including a GC/MS, sampling collection and preparation kits, and HHAs.

O-2. With the MALS/DAP and UCS, team members can function as on-site observers for experts from around the country and can take the samples, readings, and observations that enable responsive and accurate assistance to the IC.



O-3. The UCS is a highly mobile, fielded communications system. It is a nondevelopmental item (NDI) that is a variant and reconfiguration of the joint base station. The UCS operates in urban and undeveloped areas, utilizing both portable and fixed equipment. The UCS provides real-time voice, data, and video access (unclassified through top secret) among CST members, local and state emergency response agencies, LFAs, and supporting military activities.

O-4. The UCS consists of a combination of standard, commercial, off-the-shelf (COTS); NDIs; and existing military equipment to provide a full range of communications necessary to support the CST mission.

O-5. The UCS vehicle carries the communications-electronics suite, on-board power generation and distribution equipment, two operators. The UCS can be loaded onto military transport aircraft. The UCS commercial vehicle platform provides the most cost-effective solution, provides a low signature, and is supported through the GSA.

O-6. The UCS includes tactical voice equipment to provide a line-of-sight (LOS) voice circuit for the exclusive use of the survey teams. It also includes voice circuits for fire, local law enforcement, and emergency service interoperability. The radio frequency (RF) communications subsystem supports the following circuits:

    • VHF LOS voice net with a base station radio, a repeater system, and hand held radios that are compatible with the base station.
    • UHF LOS voice net with three base station radios, hand held radios, and additional adapters and antennas.
    • Telephone subsystem, to include a cellular phone (nonsecure), one terminal that provides wide-area telephone connectivity, a secure phone, and desktop terminals to support tactical planning and reporting.
    • Automated data processing (ADP) subsystem, to include LAN/WAN connectivity to military and commercial systems, providing both secure/nonsecure operations full interoperability with standard DOD and federal architectures and protocols.
    • Ancillary equipment subsystem including antennas, an RF patch, and feed-through panels that provide connections for patching both mobile and fixed antennas to their associated transceivers.
    • Power generation subsystem providing electrical power for on board circuit architecture and environmental control units (includes an internal and external power source).

O-7. The UCS is the primary means of communications support for the CST and acts as a hub to provide a common operational picture (COP) for planning and executing an incident response. It serves as the node that controls communications with the survey teams at the incident site and passes critical, time-sensitive information between the CST and the ICP. The UCS will also provide reach-back communications for connectivity with higher authority and technical support agencies. Its critical role in the C2 architecture of CM requires that the UCS be designed to deploy with CSTs, communicate while en route to an incident and, once on scene, provide a communications capability. The design of the UCS considers the need for flexibility in establishing communications with many agencies and activities. The UCS is capable of utilizing all necessary frequency bands to ensure adequate voice and data connectivity. Wideband communications and a cellular and landline telephone system permit rapid and complete transfer of large data files to support mission planning and reporting. A family of hand held radios and base stations ensure radio connectivity with local emergency service units.

O-8. The UCS is employed by the unit at the tactical level, to provide for tactical, operational, and strategic communications connectivity.

O-9. UCS unit level maintenance includes the replacement of locally repairable units, fuses, and bulbs. Standard, built-in test equipment will aid in identifying defective assemblies. As coordinated by the Defense CMSUPCEN, defective units are forwarded to the selected depot level support center for repair, replacement, or calibration. Depot level maintenance will consist of all tasks that are considered to be beyond the capability or support concept for the unit level.



O-10. The team is organized and equipped to rapidly respond to the scene in unit response vehicles. Most of the equipment is stored in the vehicles for rapid deployment and is designed to be removable for maximum flexibility. The vehicles and equipment should be certified for air transport.

O-11. Due to the sensitive nature and special management of WMD terrorism, military support requires a low signature. The open display of military force may disclose imminent military support or cause undue concern by the civilian population. Hence, the WMD CST maintains a low or discreet military signature using commercial vehicles. Additionally, a cost benefit analysis demonstrated that commercial vehicles were more cost effective than military vehicles. The commercial vehicles are under a GSA, full-service lease, which includes fuel, wash, maintenance, and replacement. The remaining six vehicles consist of two 9-passenger sport utility vehicles, two 4-wheel-drive pickup trucks, and two cargo vans. The vehicles are equipped with after-market modifications, which include emergency lights and bumpers, winches, tow packages, and caps for the trucks.



O-12. Operations in the US involve working in an environment that contains a multitude of substances and chemicals that cause IDLH. Coupled with CW and BW agents, military response forces are required to maintain PPE sets above those commonly provided for military force protection against all hazards. Though exempt from the applicable civil regulations for personal protection, military response forces voluntarily equip to civil standards in order to operate in an area containing unknown contamination. Additionally, higher-end detection equipment is required for a greater range of substances in order to identify TIC and organic substances versus CW and BW agents. The following is an example of nonstandard CDE that is interoperable with the first responders that these units support:

    • Boots, HAZMAT.
    • Breathing apparatus (SCBA).
    • Camera, digital, still.
    • Compressor for SCBA.
    • GC/MS portable.
    • Gloves, HAZMAT.
    • Gloves, silver shield.
    • HHA.
    • Helmet, HAZMAT.
    • Photoionization detector (PID)/monitor, multigas.
    • Pressure test kit.
    • Protective suit (Level A).
    • Protective suit (Level B).
    • Pump, water, and hose.
    • Rebreather system.
    • Sample collection kits.
    • Training suit (Level A).
    • Vest, cooling.



O-13. The military standard issue of NBC detection, protection, and decontamination equipment provides the unit with the ability to detect and protect against a number of CBRNE agents. Sample equipment includes-

    • Alarm, chemical agent, automatic, M22.
    • Kit, decontamination, M291.
    • Kit, decontamination, M295.
    • Kit, detector, chemical.
    • Mask, CB, M40A1.
    • Power supply for the automatic chemical agent detector alarm (ACADA).
    • Protective mask test kit.
    • Radiac set, AN/PDR77.
    • Radiac set, AN/UDR13.
    • Radiac set, AN/VDR2.
    • ICAM.



O-14. The CST is provided with computer equipment to handle automation requirements, modeling, logistics management, and administration.

O-15. ADP equipment is authorized in their TDA. All changes to the TDA must be requested through the chief of the NGB to ensure that each unit is standardized. Sample equipment includes-

    • Desktop computer.
    • Computer, laptop, modeling.
    • Laptop with docking station.
    • Liquid crystal display projector, portable.
    • Monitor, color.
    • Printer, portable, color.
    • Printer, laser.



O-16. Tactical equipment is provided to the unit to conduct their mission. Light sets for area illumination, pagers for rapid recall, cell phones for key leader communications, hand trucks, and other equipment support all missions which the unit performs. Sample tactical equipment includes-

    • Bag, EMS gear.
    • Binoculars, modular.
    • Compass, magnetic, unmounted.
    • Digital multimeter.
    • Generator, one-man portable.
    • Hand trucks.
    • Light set, portable.
    • Litter stretcher.
    • Multipurpose shelter, rigid frame.
    • Navigation set, GPS receiver.
    • Pistol, 9 mm, automatic, M9.
    • Radio, two-way, digital, secure.
    • Tool kit, ADP equipment.
    • Tool kit, general mechanics, automotive.


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