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Homeland Security

Majlis ratifies Terrorist Financing Convention bill

IRNA - Islamic Republic News Agency

Tehran, August 1, IRNA -- Iran's Majlis (parliament) ratified the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism bill on Saturday morning.

Iran will apply to membership of the convention if the Guardian Council okays the ratification.

Iran's membership in the Terrorist Financing Convention can prepare the ground for Iran's membership in working groups of EAG and EGMONT.

Terrorist Financing Convention bill, if finalized can also help ease of restrictions imposed on Iran's financial institutions.

The Terrorist Financing Convention (formally, the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism) is a 1999 United Nations treaty designed to criminalize acts of financing terrorism.

The convention seeks to promote police and judicial co-operation to prevent, investigate and punish those found guilty of financing terrorists.

As of July 2015, the treaty has been ratified by 187 states legislatures.

In terms of universality, it is therefore one of the most successful anti-terrorism treaties in history.

Article 2.1 defines the crime of terrorist financing as the offense committed by 'any person' who 'by any means, directly or indirectly, unlawfully and willfully, provides or collects funds with the intention that they should be used or in the knowledge that they are to be used, in full or in part, in order to carry out' an act 'intended to cause death or serious bodily injury to a civilian, or to any other person not taking an active part in the hostilities in a situation of armed conflict, when the purpose of such act, by its nature or context, is to intimidate a population, or to compel a government or an international organization to do or to abstain from doing any act.'

State parties to the treaty commit themselves to the freezing and seizure of funds intended to be used for terrorist activities and to share the forfeited funds with all state parties. Moreover, state parties commit themselves not to use bank secrecy as a justification for refusing to co-operate in the suppression of terrorist financing.

The treaty entered into force on 10 April 2002. It has been ratified by 187 states, which includes all but nine member states of the United Nations plus the Cook Islands, the Holy See, and Niue. It has not been ratified by Burundi, Chad, Eritrea, Iran, Lebanon, Somalia, South Sudan, Tuvalu, and Zambia. (Burundi and Somalia have signed the convention but have not ratified yet).

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