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Homeland Security

Fact Sheet: UN Security Council Resolution 2199 on ISIL

U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations

New York, NY

February 12, 2015


On February 12, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 2199 to respond to the threat posed by the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), as well as the Al Nusra Front (ANF) and other groups associated with Al-Qaida (AQ).

Adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, this resolution provides for a range of tools, including sanctions and other binding measures, to degrade these terrorist organizations' ability to carry out brutal attacks. It focuses extensively on terrorist financial support networks, particularly ISIL's raising of funds through oil smuggling, looting of antiquities, kidnapping for ransom and other illicit activities.

This resolution builds upon UN Security Council Resolution 2170 (2014), the Council's first major resolution on the ISIL threat that was adopted in August 2014.

The core elements of Resolution 2199 address:

1. Oil Smuggling

  • Condemns any direct and indirect trade, in particular of oil and oil products, with ISIL, ANF, and AQ-related groups;
  • Clarifies that existing UN sanctions prohibit the trade in oil and refined oil products, as well as modular refineries, related materials, and other natural resources, with ISIL, ANF and AQ-related groups;
  • Threatens to impose sanctions on those who engage in any direct or indirect trade with ISIL, ANF, and AQ-related groups, including those involved in the oil trade with ISIL;
  • Emphasizes that all states must freeze all assets of ISIL, ANF, and AQ-related groups, as well as those of their agents (for example, intermediaries and middlemen), including their oil, oil products, modular refineries, and related material;
  • Reaffirms that states are required to bring to justice supporters of terrorism and emphasizes that such support can come from trade in oil and related products;
  • Requires states to report to the Security Council's 1267 Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee any interdictions of oil, oil products, modular refineries, and related material interdicted en route to ISIL, ANF and AQ-related groups;
  • Calls on states to cooperate in stopping illicit oil trafficking benefiting ISIL, ANF, and AQ-related groups (for example, by sharing information on smuggling routes, providing capacity building assistance to counter smuggling, etc.);
  • Expresses concern that vehicles going to and coming from ISIL- and ANF-controlled areas of Syria and Iraq could be carrying assets -- including oil, refined products, modular refineries, precious metals and minerals (gold, silver, copper and diamonds), grain, livestock, machinery, electronics, and cigarettes-- for sale or barter to or by those terrorist groups, and encourages states to step up their efforts to prevent and disrupt such activity;

2. Looting of Antiquities

  • Condemns the destruction of cultural heritage in Iraq and Syria, including targeted destruction of religious sites and objects;
  • Notes with concern that ISIL, ANF and AQ-related groups are generating income from the direct or indirect trade in looting and smuggling of cultural heritage items;
  • Reaffirms an existing ban on the illicit trade of antiquities from Iraq;
  • Imposes a new ban on the illicit trade of antiquities from Syria;

3. Kidnapping for Ransom

  • Reaffirms previous calls on states to prevent terrorists from benefiting from ransom payments or from political concessions;
  • Reaffirms that UN sanctions prohibit ransom payments to UN-listed groups (including ISIL and ANF);
  • Reaffirms the need for states to cooperate closely during kidnapping incidents;

4. Donations and Finance

  • Expresses grave concern about continued reports of donations to ISIL, ANF, and AQ-related groups;
  • Urges Member States to encourage their financial institutions to prevent these terrorist groups from accessing the international financial system;

5. Arms

  • Reaffirms existing UN sanctions that require states not to supply ISIL, ANF, and AQ-related groups with arms;
  • Calls upon all states to consider measures to prevent the proliferation of all arms, in particular man-portable surface-to-air missiles (MANAPDS), if there is a reasonable suspicion that ISIL, ANF, and AQ-related groups would obtain such items;

6. UN Follow-up and Monitoring

  • Calls upon states to report to the Security Council's 1267 Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee within 120 days on steps taken to comply with the measures imposed in this resolution;
  • Requests the UN's 1267 Al-Qaida sanctions Monitoring Team to monitor the impact of these measures and provide an impact assessment in six months.


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