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Homeland Security

VOICE OF AMERICA
SLUG: 5-56882 Congress-Border Security
DATE:
NOTE NUMBER:

DATE=5/12/2005

TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT

TITLE=CONGRESS/BORDER SECURITY (L-O)

NUMBER=5-56882

BYLINE=DAN ROBINSON

DATELINE=CAPITOL HILL

CONTENT=

VOICED AT:

HEADLINE: Citizen Volunteers on Border Security: We Won't Stop

INTRO: The co-founder of a citizen volunteer group that patrolled the U.S. border with Mexico in April has told a congressional committee there will be further such efforts because government efforts against illegal immigration are ineffective. VOA's Dan Robinson has a report from Capitol Hill:

TEXT: Illegal immigration and what many see as the ineffectiveness of government efforts to secure U.S. borders continues to make headlines across the United States.

More than two years after a government reorganization created the Department of Homeland Security, including agencies overseeing border security, many Americans and U.S. lawmakers remain frustrated by porous borders.

Thursday's hearing addressed a new situation triggered by the activities of a citizen group called The Minuteman Project.

For a period of time in April, hundreds of members of this group stood guard along a 37-kilometer stretch of Arizona's border with Mexico, asserting later that their efforts sharply reduced illegal border crossings.

/// OPT /// In an early comment expressing concern about The Minutemen, President Bush called them vigilantes provoking sharp criticism from some members of Congress. /// END OPT ///

Chris Simcox, co-founder of the The Minuteman Project, spoke to the House Government Reform Committee:

/// SIMCOX ACT ///

This great republic is founded and formed on immigration. When you come legally you are welcome. What we have now is out of control. And the citizens basically have had enough. We hope this will encourage everyone to do something. Because while you are waiting and making up your minds what to do, we are going to continue with Minuteman type projects.

/// END ACT ///

The U.S. government has not endorsed the actions of those taking part in The Minuteman Project.

Robert Bonner, Commissioner for Customs and Border Protection, says while they did provide information about some 200 illegal border crossers, government border patrol agents apprehended 79-thousand illegal immigrants along the entire Arizona border:

/// BONNER ACT ///

I welcome eyes and ears, volunteer citizens, if we can make it work consistently with some smart strategy, rather than something that exposes people to danger, including people that might be involved in a citizen-type Minuteman project themselves.

/// END ACT ///

Mr. Bonner acknowledges the government does not yet have control of the least secure sections of its border, saying there is a long way to go.

Congressman Dutch Ruppersberger, a Maryland Democrat, reflects concern in Congress that the government's inability to secure the borders leaves the door open for illegal narcotics and terrorists:

/// RUPPERSBERGER ACT ///

We all know that drug dealers know, the terrorists know, that our borders are a sieve (leaking). This is a serious concern, and I know the members (of Congress) in border states have been working on this issue for a while. We must look to more agents on the border. We need better technology and we need a more comprehensive solution.

/// END ACT ///

T.J. Bonner, President of the National Border Patrol Council, agrees porous borders subjects Americans to greater dangers:

/// T.J. BONNER ACT ///

Even if a terrorist is a one-in-a-million occurrence, with several million people coming into the country every year, very soon they reach that critical mass necessary to carry out another attack on the magnitude of September 11th (2001). /// OPT /// This is totally unacceptable from the standpoint of homeland security and national security. We have to gain control of our borders. /// END OPT ///

/// END ACT ///

Congress acted last year to add two-thousand additional border patrol agents, and provided for another 500 as part of legislation recently approved to fund U.S. military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. (signed)

neb/Dar/PT



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