10 August 2004
Philippines' New People's Army Redesignated as Terrorist Group
U.S. decision places restrictions on individuals, institutions
Secretary of State Colin Powell has renewed the designation of the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army as a Foreign Terrorist Organization under the Immigration and Nationality Act.
According to a statement released August 9 by the State Department's Office of the Spokesman, the redesignation imposes several restrictions:
-- It makes it illegal for persons in the United States or subject to U.S. jurisdiction knowingly to provide material support to the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army;
-- It requires U.S. financial institutions to block assets of this organization; and,
-- It provides a basis for the United States to deny visas to representatives and members of the group.
Following is the text of the State Department release:
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Office of the Spokesman
August 9, 2004
STATEMENT BY ADAM ERELI, DEPUTY SPOKESMAN
Foreign Terrorist Organization: Redesignation of Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army
As part of ongoing U.S. efforts against terrorism, the Secretary of State has redesignated the terrorist group Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army, along with its aliases CPP, New People's Army, NPA, and CPP/NPA, as a Foreign Terrorist Organization under the Immigration and Nationality Act. Under U.S. law, the designation of a Foreign Terrorist Organization must be renewed every two years, or it will cease to be effective. By law, this redesignation makes it illegal for persons in the United States or subject to U.S. jurisdiction knowingly to provide material support to the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army; it requires U.S. financial institutions to block assets of this organization; and it provides a basis for the United States to deny visas to representatives and members of the group. The Secretary of State took this action in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury.
The Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army has the aim of overthrowing the government of the Philippines. Although its military wing is primarily a rural-based guerilla group, it has an active urban infrastructure to conduct terrorism and uses city-based assassination squads. The Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army primarily targets Philippine security forces, politicians, judges, government informers, former rebels who wish to leave, rival splinter groups, and alleged criminals. The organization opposes any U.S. military presence in the Philippines and attacked U.S. military interests, killing several U.S. service personnel, before U.S. base closures in 1992. Press reports in 1999 and in late 2001 indicated that the group is again targeting U.S. troops participating in joint military exercises as well as U.S. Embassy personnel. The group has claimed responsibility for assassinations, and expressed its intent to target U.S. personnel if discovered in its operating areas.
The Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army was originally designated as a Foreign Terrorist Organization and under Executive Order 13224 on August 9, 2002. Under current law it must be redesignated two years from now, or its status as an Foreign Terrorist Organization will lapse. We will continue to monitor developments, and will take note of any that suggest a reevaluation of the group's status may be warranted.
Accordingly, this redesignation does not preclude the possibility of an eventual peaceful settlement between the Government of the Philippines and the organization. While we strongly object to making concessions in response to terrorist acts, we remain supportive of any Government of the Philippines efforts to encourage the Communist Party of the Philippines/ New People's Army to abandon terrorism.
We hope the list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations will continue to draw the attention of governments across the world and will encourage those governments to take action, as we have, to isolate these terrorist organizations, to choke off their sources of financial support, to prevent their members' movement across international borders, and finally, to press them to abandon terrorism as an avenue for pursuing their goals.
(Distributed by the Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State. Web site: http://usinfo.state.gov)
This page printed from: http://usinfo.state.gov/xarchives/display.html?p=washfile-english&y=2004&m=August&x=20040810104532AJesroM0.6975519&t=livefeeds/wf-latest.html
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