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Homeland Security

Washington File

02 June 2003

G-8 Leaders Announce Action Plan to Fight Global Terrorism

(Say remnants of Al Qaeda scattered all over the world) (1740)
Leaders of the Group-of-Eight nations announced June 2 that they will
create a G-8 Counter-Terrorism Action Group, to focus on building
political will to fight international terrorism.
The threat of terrorism remains serious, as seen in a series of
terrorist incidents over the past year in Indonesia, Kenya, Morocco,
Pakistan, the Philippines, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and Yemen,
the G-8 leaders said in a statement released at their 2003 summit in
Evian, France. The G-8 countries are Canada, France, Germany, Italy,
Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States, plus Russia.
The remnants of Al Qaeda are scattered all over the world and still
maintain a global network, the statement said.
"In order to disrupt the network and secure safety in the
international community, it is important to categorically deny
terrorists a safe haven anywhere. For this purpose it is essential for
the G-8 to build stronger international will and to engage in outreach
activities towards other countries in the area of counter-terrorism
co-operation, and at the same time to provide capacity building
assistance to those countries with insufficient capacity to fight
terrorism."
The statement said that "For the peace and security of the world, it
is essential for all countries, including developing countries, to
enhance their anti-terrorist capabilities."
Such activity should be seen as complementary to initiatives to
strengthen good governance, the rule of law, human rights and judicial
reform, the statement said.
In addition, the G-8 Action Plan says the G-8 "will support the UN
Security Council's Counter-Terrorism Committee" in a number of ways,
including ensuring that the CTC is sufficiently staffed.
Following is the text of the G-8 Action Plan to combat terrorism:
(begin text)
BUILDING INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL WILL AND CAPACITY TO COMBAT TERRORISM
A G8 ACTION PLAN
1. Overview: Critical Need for Capacity Building
The international community has been united in fighting against
international terrorism since the terrorist attacks in the United
States on September 11, 2001. The threat of terrorism still, however,
remains serious as has been seen in a series of terrorist incidents
including in Indonesia, Kenya, Morocco, Pakistan, the Philippines,
Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and Yemen over the past year.
For the prevention and eradication of terrorism, since 9/11 the G8 and
other countries have successfully strengthened their own
counter-terrorism measures. The Coalition operation in Afghanistan has
also accomplished certain results by arresting those related to Al
Qaeda and destroying most of its training camps. However, the remnants
of Al Qaeda are scattered all over the world and still maintain a
global network. In order to disrupt the network and secure safety in
the international community, it is important to categorically deny
terrorists a safe haven anywhere. For this purpose it is essential for
the G8 to build stronger international will and to engage in outreach
activities towards other countries in the area of counter-terrorism
co-operation, and at the same time to provide capacity building
assistance to those countries with insufficient capacity to fight
terrorism.
Each G8 member has so far encouraged, based on its own priorities,
countries to enhance counter-terrorism measures and has conducted
capacity building assistance. Now it is necessary for the G8 to have a
common plan for counter-terrorism outreach activities and capacity
building assistance with a view to ensuring that assistance by the G8
be selectively and effectively provided to those areas in which
countries need assistance most and in order to avoid duplication of
assistance by the G8 as much as possible.
2. G8 Strategy for Capacity Building
Developing a successful capacity to tackle terrorism requires a focus
on three main areas of counter-terrorism activity: first, to deny
terrorists the means to commit terrorist acts (for example, to prevent
the financing of terrorism, and denial of false documents and
weapons); second, to deny terrorists a safe haven and ensure that
terrorists are prosecuted and/or extradited (for example to accelerate
the conclusion of counter-terrorism conventions and protocols, to deny
terrorists entry into a country and to reinforce law-enforcement
agencies); and third, to overcome vulnerability to terrorism (for
example to enhance domestic security measures and capability for
crisis management and consequence management). For the peace and
security of the world, it is essential for all countries, including
developing countries, to enhance such capability. Such activity should
be seen as complementary to initiatives to strengthen good governance,
the rule of law, human rights and judicial reform, and to the analysis
of factors which contribute to the emergence of terrorism.
As a means for delivering capacity building assistance, we may receive
trainees, dispatch specialists, or provide equipment as requested by
recipient countries. From this viewpoint, the following are broad
areas for potential capacity building assistance, and it is important
for each G8 member to make a contribution according to its own ability
by making the most of its own know-how. In each area, efforts to
ensure training and assistance to implement laws, procedures and
regulations will be pursued. The areas for capacity building
assistance as outlined by the United Nations Security Council's
Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) include:
-- Counter-Terrorism Legislation - assistance in developing
legislation for domestic implementation of conventions, protocols and
resolutions in relation to terrorist activity;
-- Financial Law and Practice - assistance in drafting and enforcing
legislation, regulations and codes of practice criminalising the
financing of terrorism and the seizure and freezing of assets;
-- Customs Law and Practice - assistance in drafting and enforcing
legislation on the establishment of border controls;
-- Immigration Law and Practice - assistance in drafting and enforcing
legislation on immigration controls including standards for travel
documentation and the granting of asylum/refugee status;
-- Extradition Law and Practice - assistance in drafting of
legislation implementing bilateral and multilateral co-operation on
extradition;
-- Police and Law Enforcement - development of procedures for
counter-terrorism law enforcement and the provision of assistance to
national police forces to counter terrorism as well as illicit drug
trafficking and organised crime as they relate to counter-terrorism;
-- Export Control and Illegal Arms Trafficking - assistance in the
drafting of legislation and development of procedures preventing the
access by terrorists to weapons;
-- Domestic Security Measures - assistance in the development and
implementation of adequate crisis and consequence management
techniques, aviation and transportation security measures and
protection of critical infrastructure.
3. G8 Action Plan: Building International Political Will and Capacity
to Combat Terrorism
3.1 The G8 will support the UN Security Council's Counter-Terrorism
Committee (CTC) by:
-- Ensuring that the CTC is sufficiently staffed;
-- Prioritising countries, regions and fields in order to co-ordinate
the assistance necessary to fulfil obligations under UNSCR 1373;
-- Outlining specific ways G8 members can support and encourage
countries to fulfil their UNSCR 1373 obligations;
-- Working with the CTC in identifying relevant international best
practices, codes and standards;
-- Supporting steps by our Finance Ministers to co-ordinate
counter-terrorism financing measures and to work with the Financial
Action Task Force and the international financial institutions (IFIs)
to address terrorist financing, capacity building and other
counter-terrorism objectives in their assessment and assistance
initiatives.
3.2 To this end, the G8 will create a Counter-Terrorism Action Group
(CTAG):
-- The G8 will create a Counter-Terrorism Action Group, to focus on
building political will, co-ordinating capacity building assistance
where necessary. Other states, mainly donors, will be invited to join
the group. A representative of the CTC will be invited to CTAG
meetings. Representatives from relevant UN bodies, IFIs and other
regional and functional organisations will be invited to relevant
meetings (first meeting to be held by July 15);
-- CTAG members will provide funding, expertise or training
facilities. They will focus their activities on areas and countries
where they have expertise.
3.3 The CTAG will analyse and prioritise needs, and expand
counter-terrorism capacity building assistance by:
-- Reviewing requests, analysing the requirements and prioritising
needs for capacity building assistance (by the second CTAG meeting to
be held by October 15);
-- Exchanging information as far as possible on the needs assessments
missions CTAG members have carried out;
-- Holding co-ordination meetings between CTAG members missions in
priority recipient countries, involving host government and local
officials responsible for capacity-building assistance;
-- Seeking to increase counter-terrorism capacity building assistance
and co-ordination (by the 2004 Summit);
-- Providing reports bi-annually of current and planned capacity
building assistance which will then be shared with the CTC;
-- Identifying cases of successful implementation of counter-terrorism
capacity building efforts to share best practice and lessons learned
(by the second CTAG meeting to be held by October 15);
-- Facilitating joint initiatives by members in some countries.
3.4 The CTAG will expand regional assistance by:
-- Encouraging regional assistance programmes including delivery
through regional and donor sponsored training centres (by the 2004
Summit);
-- Sharing available information on counter-terrorism curricula and
best training practices (by the first CTAG meeting no later than July
15) and developing key areas of focus that various regional training
centres could address (by the second CTAG meeting to be held by
October 15);
-- Seeking to address unmet regional assistance needs (by the 2004
Summit).
3.5 The G8 will increase outreach efforts to third countries and
regional and functional organisations by:
-- Continuing to implement G8 demarches to countries that are not
parties to all international counter-terrorism conventions and
protocols to urge them to become parties and accelerate domestic
implementation of required measures;
-- Conducting outreach bilaterally and jointly through experts
meetings and seminars to share benefits of concluding conventions and
impart technical knowledge for implementation (plan to be presented by
CTAG first meeting);
-- Building upon the March 6, 2003 meeting between the CTC and
regional organisations, identify specific roles and responsibilities
for regional and functional organisations that emphasise their
strengths while avoiding duplication of effort;
-- Requesting regional and functional organisations to become more
active in encouraging UNSCR 1373 implementation by their members;
-- Encouraging regional and functional organisations to develop best
practices, codes or standards towards implementing UNSCR 1373
requirements;
-- Implementing G8 outreach to the IFIs and functional organisations
such as the World Customs Organisation, the International Civil
Aviation Organisation and the International Maritime Organisation to
discuss areas of mutual interest in the funding and provision of
counter-terrorism capacity building assistance.
4. Follow-up
The G8 Presidency will produce a report for the 2004 Summit.
(end text)
(Distributed by the Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S.
Department of State. Web site: http://usinfo.state.gov)



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