Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)


Kuh-e Bagh-e-Melli
Kukh-e-Barjamali
Shahid Hemat Industrial Group [?]

According to reports published in Russia, apparently based on information developed by the Russian Federal Security Service, facilities located at "Kukh-e-Bardjamali" include equipment for test launches and a test range for liquid-propellant missile engines. The Barjamali Hills lie to the south-east of Tehran and to the north-west of Parchin. This facility is almost certainly synonymous with the Shahid Hemat Industrial Group research facility.

Other sources assert that Iran's missile program reportedly includes production plants in Esfahan and Semnan, as well as at design centers in Lavizan, Sultanatabad, and Kuh-e Bagh-e-Melli on the outskirts of Teheran. Kuh-e Bagh Mountain lies some great distance to the south of Tehran, and is in no sense on the "outskirts" of the city. Otherwise, the GeoNet Nameserver appears to be unaware of this location -- the "Kuh-e Bagh-e-Melli" placename is presumably a corruption of "Kuh-e-Bardjamali".

In April 1997, Iran reportedly tested a missile engine that was claimed to have included technology from the Russian SS-4 missile. It is reported that in August 1997 an American spy satellite spotted the signature of a test of a liquid-fueled missile engine bolted on a test stand at the Shahid Hemat Industrial Group research facility on the outskirts Teheran. On 15 December 1997 [according to a report in The Washington Post] the Shahid Hemat Industrial Group research facility south of Tehran conducted at least its sixth 1997 test of an engine needed for an 800-mile range ballistic missile. The test was either the sixth or eighth during 1997, according to rival interpretations of available intelligence. It is reported that the Russian Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute [TSAGI] contracted in early 1997 to build a wind tunnel at the Shahid Hemat missile plant outside of Tehran, which is being used by Iranian and Russian missile designers to refine the Shahab-3 missile.

As of 01 October 2000, Russian 2-meter resolution KVR-1000 imagery coverage was not available via the SPIN-2 service on TerraServer. At least half a dozen archived Space Imaging IKONOS 1-meter images of this area were available on the CARTERRAT Archive. However, in the absence of more precise information, location of the facility itself in this image might be difficult.








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