The Cachimbo airbase in Pará State covers 4.5 million hectares, an area larger than the Netherlands. In September 1990 Fernando Collor de Mello, accompanied by Environment Secretary Jose Lutzenberger and military leaders, used two small shovels to symbolically seal up the 320 meters- deep [some sources say 100 meters] hole at the Cachimbo Mountain Range, a site for nuclear explosives tests. The act was made in an attempt to overcome US resistance to selling Brazil a Super-computer for the development of space launch vehicles. The shaft had been public knowledge since 1986 and had been abandoned since 1987. It did not appear to have been technically suitable for conducting nuclear tests. At least 8,000 Indians live in the region surrounding the nuclear test site in the Cachimbo mountains in the state of Parana.
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