Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

ACCESSION NUMBER:262587
FILE ID:POL309
DATE:01/13/93
TITLE:COALITION LAUNCHES LIMITED AIR STRIKE AGAINST IRAQ (01/13/93)
TEXT:*93011309.POL
COALITION LAUNCHES LIMITED AIR STRIKE AGAINST IRAQ
(Radar and missile sites struck in south)  (690)
By Jacquelyn S. Porth
USIA Security Affairs Correspondent
Washington -- More than 100 coalition aircraft participated in the
January 13 air strike against Iraqi fixed air-defense and mobile missiles
sites in southern Iraq, says U.S. Marine Corps General Joseph Hoar.
Hoar, commander-in-chief of the U.S. Central Command, told a press briefing
at MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa, Florida, that the mission was prompted
by Iraq's rebuff of a January 6 demarche by Russia, France, the United
Kingdom and the United States to remove its surface-to-air missile (SAM)
sites from below the 32nd parallel and to stop violating the  no-fly zones
in northern and southern Iraq.
Hoar said U.S. fighter planes, including F-117 Stealth aircraft, as well as
French Mirages and British Tornadoes attacked from locations on the Arabian
peninsula, from the USS Kitty Hawk aircraft carrier, and from other
undisclosed sites in the Persian Gulf.
Based on reports from pilots, Hoar said he believed that the mission was a
success.
Operation Southern Watch, he said, was prompted by a continuing "pattern of"
Iraqis violations of United Nations resolutions.  The attack originally was
planned for January 11, but was postponed one day because of bad weather in
the Gulf.
1sked about the U.S. battalion of forces ordered to Kuwait by Bush, Hoar
said the U.S. Army Battalion Task Force (BTF) from Fort Hood, Texas, will
join some 300 U.S. Special Forces troops already in Kuwait to participate
in a training exercise with Kuwaitis later this week; the two U.S. forces
will about 1,000-1,500, he said.
Besides their security training mission, the general said the U.S. military
forces act as a deterrent to possible aggression.  Typically, such training
exercises last between six weeks and two months.
Asked to describe the current status of the Iraqi Army, the general said it
is still "the largest military force" in the Gulf region with approximately
400,000 troops organized into 30 divisions.  The force has tanks, armored
personnel carriers, and artillery pieces numbering in the thousands, he
said.
At a followup background briefing at the Pentagon, a senior Defense
Department official said the coalition air attack caused "a very
significant reduction" in Iraq's anti-aircraft capability.
The strike, which began in the dark and lasted less than an hour, focused on
Iraqi targets in Tallil, as-Samawah, an-Najaf, Amara and al-Basarah.  "All
targets were struck" and all coalition aircraft returned home, the briefer
said, noting that no missiles were launched against coalition aircraft.
Asked why these particular Iraqi sites were struck, the official said the
targets were those which had been giving allied aircraft the most
"trouble."
The official said there is no indication of a new threat from hidden Scud
missiles, although some mobile missiles are still believed hidden despite
intensive U.N. weapons inspections.
The official also sketched out the pattern of incidents which led up to the
January 13 action.  In late November 1992, he said Iraqi aircraft deployed
to al-Jarrah and were then used in mid-December to conduct violations north
of the 32nd parallel.  Other events included:
-- December 27:  An Iraqi MiG-25 launched a missile unsuccessfully against a
U.S. F-15E;
-- December 28:  More Iraqi violations north of the 32nd parallel;
-- December 31:  Iraqi SA-3 missile batteries were deployed in the south;
-- January 1:  Iraqi SA-2 missile batteries were deployed in the south;
-- January 1:  Iraq tried to intercept a U-2 reconnaissance aircraft on a
U.N. mission;
-- January 4:  More Iraqi violations north of the 32nd occurred; and
-- January 6:  A diplomatic demarche was delivered to Iraq;
He also cited the Iraqi seizure of military equipment in the U.N. supervised
neutral zone between Iraq and Kuwait, Iraq's barring the landing of U.N.
aircraft for inspection flights, and Iraqi messages broadcast January 11-12
warning coalition aircraft to stop patrolling in the no-fly zones.
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