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Space


Russian Space Forces (VKS)

The Russian Armed Forces were established on 7 May 1992, enabling the creation of VKS (Russian Space Forces) later that year on 10 August. Commander-in-Chief of the VKS is Col. Gen. Vladimir Ivanov, who was also CINC of the predecessor organization, Ministry of Defense Space Units (1982-1991), since 1989. The VKS is currently responsible for the operation of the Baikonur and Plesetsk Cosmodromes, the construction of the Svobodnyy Cosmodrome, the Mozhayskiy Military Space Engineering Academy, the Central Scientific Research Institute on Space Technology, and the Space Command, Control, and Tracking System (KIK), which includes the Main Center for Testing and Controlling Space Devices at Golitysno-2 near Moscow as well as other sites in the former Soviet Union. Portions of the KIK also support RKA's Flight Control Center (FCC or TsUP) at Kaliningrad near Moscow in conjunction with the Mir space station program. The former fleet of Space Event Support Ships operated by the former USSR Academy of Sciences has essentially been disbanded, although the Russian Ministry of Defense still operates some specialized range instrumentation ships capable of providing KIK services. In 1994, the VKS began testing a new mobile KIK unit and deploying new KIK sites to off set the loss of facilities outside the Russian Federation.

On 1 June, 2001, in the history of the armed forces of the Russian Federation is opened the new page: for the performance of the President's Decree of the Russian Federation of 24 March, 2001, and resolution of the Security Council of the Russian Federation of 6 February, 2001, space troops are formed and approached the accomplishment of their objectives in the destination. The creation of space troops dictated by the real growth of the role of national space complexes and systems in the information input of a force activity of Russia is the most important element of further strengthening of defense and national safety.

Space troops - fundamentally new branch of service, that is intended for providing of safety of Russia in the space sphere. The integration of associations, connections and parts of the starting, control KA, warning about the rocket attack, the control of outer space and antimissile defense into one branch of service was dictated, in the first place, by the fact that they have one sphere of application - space.

Complexes and systems of space troops solve the problems of state strategic scale not only in the interests of the armed forces of Russia, other primary structures, but also majority of ministries and departments, economy, social sphere.

The basic tasks of space troops are bringing the information of warning the highest military-political management of the country about the rocket attack, the antimissile defense Moscow, creation, development, maintenance and control of the orbital group of the automatic spacecraft of military, dual, social and economic and scientific designation. The utilization of outer space and possibilities of space systems in entire peace is evaluated as one of the important factors of political, military and economic National Security.


History

S.P.Korolev with the first cosmonauts at the 
spaceport Baikonur
S.P.Korolev with the first cosmonauts at the spaceport Baikonur
Yu.A.Gagarin and V.F.Bykovskiy converse 
with The the s.P.Korolevym at the spaceport Baikonur
Yu.A.Gagarin and V.F.Bykovskiy converse with The the s.P.Korolevym at the spaceport Baikonur
The crew of spacecraft reports to the 
chairman of state commission about readiness to takeoff
The crew of spacecraft reports to the chairman of state commission about readiness to takeoff
Crew for a few minutes to the arrangement 
in the spacecraft
Crew for a few minutes to the arrangement in the spacecraft
Crew of spacecraft in several steps from 
the launching site
Crew of spacecraft in several steps from the launching site
A.A.Leonov with the associates on the 
force of cosmonauts discuss the plans of preflight trenrovki
A.A.Leonov with the associates on the force of cosmonauts discuss the plans of preflight trenrovki


Combat crews
Rolling of nose fairing in MIKe of the spaceport
Of plesetsk
Rolling of nose fairing in MIKe of the spaceport Of plesetsk
Preparation of the carrier rocket
Preparation of the carrier rocket
Work of combat crew on the launching 
system
Work of combat crew on the launching system
The combat crew of state test spaceport is
free
The combat crew of state test spaceport is free
The Minister of Defense of the Russian 
Federation congratulates combat crew with the successfully carried out
starting
The Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation congratulates combat crew with the successfully carried out starting


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Control centers, the station
Measuring complex at the spaceport Baikonur
Measuring complex at the spaceport Baikonur
Mobile complex of control of the automatic
spacecraft
Mobile complex of control of the automatic spacecraft
Main hall of the control center of the 
main test center of testing and control of the space means im. 
G.S.Titova
Main hall of the control center of the main test center of testing and control of the space means im. G.S.Titova
On the control center
On the control center
RLS The Volga, Republic Belarus'
RLS The Volga, Republic Belarus'
RLS The Don
RLS The Don
Optical-electronic knot is window, 
g.Nurek, Tadzhikistan
Optical-electronic knot is window, g.Nurek, Tadzhikistan


upward the page
Transport and installation RN
Installation of carrier rocket Kosmos-3M on PU
Installation of carrier rocket Kosmos-3M on PU
Installation of carrier rocket proton on 
PU
Installation of carrier rocket proton on PU
Installation of carrier rocket to union on
PU
Installation of carrier rocket to union on PU
Transport of carrier rocket proton to the 
launching system at the spaceport Baikonur
Transport of carrier rocket proton to the launching system at the spaceport Baikonur
Transport of carrier rocket to union to 
the launching system at the spaceport Of plesetsk
Transport of carrier rocket to union to the launching system at the spaceport Of plesetsk
Removal of carrier rocket to union from 
MIKa at the spaceport Of plesetsk
Removal of carrier rocket to union from MIKa at the spaceport Of plesetsk


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Starts RN, launchings MBR
Night start of carrier rocket the Kosmos-3M
Night start of carrier rocket the Kosmos-3M
Night start of carrier rocket to the 
union
Night start of carrier rocket to the union
Launch of intercontinental ballistic 
missile Poplar- M
Launch of intercontinental ballistic missile Poplar- M
Launch of intercontinental ballistic 
missile the poplar
Launch of intercontinental ballistic missile the poplar
Start Of carrier rocket The Dnepr
Start Of carrier rocket The Dnepr
Start of carrier rocket the Dnepr on the 
base MRB
Start of carrier rocket the Dnepr on the base MRB
Start of carrier rocket Molniya
Start of carrier rocket Molniya
Start Of carrier rocket The proton
Start Of carrier rocket The proton
Start Of carrier rocket The roar
Start Of carrier rocket The roar
Start Of the manned Carrier rocket To the 
union
Start Of the manned Carrier rocket To the union
Start Of carrier rocket The cyclone
Start Of carrier rocket The cyclone


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Objects
Baikonur city
Baikonur city
Automatic spacecraft is the lunnik
Automatic spacecraft is the lunnik
Monument by the killed soldier as a result
of emergency at the spaceport Of plesetsk
Monument by the killed soldier as a result of emergency at the spaceport Of plesetsk
Monument to the ballistic missile of the 
r-th, the range Of kapustin the steep bank
Monument to the ballistic missile of the r-th, the range Of kapustin the steep bank
Staff of the spaceport Of plesetsk
Staff of the spaceport Of plesetsk
Launch pad for the carrier rockets union 
and Molniya
Launch pad for the carrier rockets union and Molniya
The Swedish automatic spacecraft ODIN in 
MIKe of spaceport is free
The Swedish automatic spacecraft ODIN in MIKe of spaceport is free
Automatic spacecraft is the amber
Automatic spacecraft is the amber


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