Space

Tables of operational military satellites
TED MOLCZAN and JOHN PIKE
The authors wish to acknowledge the international group of hobbyists who annually produce 20,000 precise observations of over 120 US military satellites, from which they derive accurate orbital elements. This small, informal group is the sole public source of orbital data for more than 40 of the satellites listed in these tables.
MS Word printable version of Tables of operational military satellites
Table 1. US operational military satellites, as of 31 December 2004 [a]
Navigation satellites in medium earth orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1GPS 2-02SVN 13/USA 381989-044A2006110 June 89Delta 6925 CCAFS21 22121 31653.4762.5Decommissioned May 2004
2GPS 2-05SVN 17/USA 491989-097A2036111 Dec 89Delta 6925 CCAFS19 71520 65055.3718
3GPS 2-09SVN 15/USA 641990-088A208301 Oct 90Delta 6925 CCAFS19 95420 40955.2718
4GPS 2A-01SVN 23/USA 661990-103A2095926 Nov 90Delta 6925 CCAFS19 74220 62456.3718Decommissioned Feb 2004
5GPS 2A-02SVN 24/USA 711991-047A215524 July 91Delta 7925 CCAFS19 91820 41555.4717.4
6GPS 2A-03SVN 25/USA 791992-009A2189023 Feb 92Delta 7925 CCAFS19 86520 49854.3717.9
7GPS 2A-05SVN 26/USA 831992-039A 220147 July 92Delta 7925 CCAFS19 76920 59756.4718
8GPS 2A-06SVN 27/USA 841992-058A221089 Sep 92Delta 7925 CCAFS19 68120 68454.5718
9GPS 2A-07SVN 32/USA 851992-079A2223122 Nov 92Delta 7925 CCAFS20 01720 34656.3718
10GPS 2A-08SVN 29/USA 871992-089A2227518 Dec 92Delta 7925 CCAFS19 94520 41756.2717.9
11GPS 2A-10SVN 31/USA 901993-017A2258130 Mar 93Delta 7925 CCAFS19 85820 50553.6718
12GPS 2A-11SVN 37/USA 911993-032A2265713 May 93Delta 7925 CCAFS19 83820 52653.7718
13GPS 2A-12SVN 39/USA 921993-042A2270026 June 93Delta 7925 CCAFS19 75420 61154.7718
14GPS 2A-13SVN 35/USA 941993-054A2277930 Aug 93Delta 7925 CCAFS20 03320 33153.6718
15GPS 2A-14SVN 34/USA 961993-068A2287726 Oct 93Delta 7925 CCAFS19 97520 40654.8718
16GPS 2A-15SVN 36/USA 1001994-016A2302710 Mar 94Delta 7925 CCAFS20 00020 36653.7718
17GPS 2A-16SVN 33/USA 1171996-019A2383328 Mar 96Delta 7925 CCAFS20 01320 35253.1718
18GPS 2A-17SVN 40/USA 1261996-041A2395316 July 96Delta 7925 CCAFS20 01220 35056.1717.9
19GPS 2A-18SVN 30/USA 1281996-056A2432012 Sep 96Delta 7925 CCAFS19 97620 39154718
20GPS 2A-19SVN 38/USA 1341997-067A250306 Nov 97Delta 7925 CCAFS19 93720 42655.4717.9
21GPS IIR-02SVN 43/USA 1321997-035A2487623 July 97Delta 7925 CCAFS20 12720 23556.5717.9
22GPS IIR-03SVN 46/USA 1451999-055A259337 Oct 99Delta 7925 CCAFS20 08320 28251.8718
23GPS IIR-04SVN 51/USA 1502000-025A2636011 May 00Delta 7925 CCAFS20 13120 23655.2718
24GPS IIR-05SVN 44/USA 1512000-040A2640716 July 00Delta 7925 CCAFS19 92820 43655718
25GPS IIR-06SVN 41/USA 1542000-071A2660510 Nov 00Delta 7925 CCAFS20 13020 23456.2718
26GPS IIR-07SVN 54/USA 1562001-004A2669030 Jan 01Delta 7925 CCAFS20 03320 33255.2718
27GPS IIR-08SVN 56/USA 1662003-005A2766329 Jan 03Delta 7925 CCAFS20 11420 25055.1718
28GPS IIR-09SVN 45/USA 1682003-010A2770431 Mar 03Delta 7925 CCAFS19 93720 42754.4718
29GPS IIR-10SVN 47/USA 1752003-058A2812921 Dec 03Delta 7925 CCAFS20 04220 32355718
30GPS IIR-11SVN 59/USA 1772004-009A2819020 Mar 04Delta 7925 CCAFS20 09220 27155718
31GPS IIR-12SVN 60/USA 1782004-023A2836123 Jun 04Delta 7925 CCAFS20 08920 27655.2718
32GPS IIR-13SVN 61/USA 1802004-045A2847406 Nov 04Delta 7925 CCAFS19 93820 42654.8718
Communications satellites in elliptical orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1SDS II-1cUSA 401989-061B201678 Aug 89STS 28KSC50039 85063.4717.7Prob. replaced by USA 137
2SDS II-2cUSA 89 1992-086B 225182 Dec 92STS 53KSC50039 85063.4717.7Prob. replaced by USA 162
3SDS II-3USA 125 1996-038A 239453 July 96Titan IVACCAFS50039 85063.4717.7
4SDS III-1USA 1371998-005A 2514829 Jan 98Atlas IIACCAFS50039 85063.4717.7+ COBRA BRASS (Capricorn)
5SDS III-2USA 162 2001-046A 2694810 Oct 01Atlas IIAS CCAFS35 78635 78601436.1+ COBRA BRASS (Aquila)
6SDS III-3USA 179 2004-034A 2838431 Aug 04Atlas IIAS CCAFS50039 85063.4717.7
7SLDCOM 1USA 591990-050A206418 June 90Titan IVACCAFS1 2001160063.4240
8SLDCOM 2USA 72 1991-076A217758 Nov 91Titan IVAVAFB1 2001160063.4240
9SLDCOM 3USA 119 1996-029A2389312 May 96Titan IVAVAFB1 2001160063.4240
Communications satellites in geostationary orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1LES 9c. .1976-023B874715 Mar 76Titan 3CCCAFS35 67935 89610.51436.1107.4°W, Lincoln Exp. Sat.
2FLTSAT 7cUSA 201986-096A171815 Dec 86Atlas CCAFS35 68835 8878.51436.2100°W, CONUS, spare
3FLTSAT 8cUSA 461989-077A2025325 Sep 89Atlas-G CCAFS35 77235 7995.81436.123.0°W,Atlantic, spare
4UFO 02cUSA 951993-056A227873 Sep 93Atlas ICCAFS35 77535 7943.2143629°E
5UFO 03USA 1041994-035A2313224 June 94Atlas ICCAFS35 77235 8012.61436.115.5°W
6UFO 04 EHFUSA 1081995-003A2346729 Jan 95Atlas IICCAFS35 77035 7962.31435.9177°W
7UFO 05 EHFUSA 1111995-027A2358931 May 95Atlas IICCAFS35 77235 8022.41436.172°E
8UFO 06 EHFUSA 1141995-057A2369622 Oct 95Atlas IICCAFS35 76735 8082.21436.2105°W
9UFO 07 EHFUSA 1271996-042A2396725 July 96Atlas IICCAFS35 77535 8001.91436.199.5°W
10UFO 08 GBSUSA 1381998-016A2525816 Mar 98Atlas IICCAFS35 76635 8011.71436172°E
11UFO 09 GBSUSA 1401998-058A2550120 Oct 98Atlas IICCAFS35 74735 8302.41436.222.5°W
12UFO 10 GBSUSA 1461999-063A2596724 Nov 99Atlas IICCAFS35 76935 8022.5143672°E
13UFO 11 GBSUSA 1742003-057A2811718 Dec 03Atlas III-BCCAFS35 77335 7994.31436.1172°E
14DSCS III B-5cUSA 12/F3 1985-092C161173 Oct 85STS 51KSC35 78635 78601436.1150°W, W. Pacific Residual #1
15DSCS III A-2cUSA 44/F41989-069B 202034 Sep 89Titan 34DCCAFS35 78635 78601436.1130°W, E. Pacific Residual
16DSCS III B-14cUSA 78/F5 1992-006A 2187311 Feb 92Atlas IICCAFS35 78635 78601436.145°W, W. Atlantic Residual
17DSCS III B-12USA 82/F61992-037A 220092 July 92Atlas IICCAFS35 78635 78601436.160°E, Indian Ocean
18DSCS III B-9cUSA 93/F71993-046A 2271919 July 93Atlas IICCAFS35 78635 78601436.1180°E, W. Pacific Residual #2
19DSCS III B-10cUSA 97/F81993-074A 2291528 Nov 93Atlas IICCAFS35 78635 78601436.157°E, Indian Ocean Residual
20DSCS III B-7USA 113/F91995-038A 2362831 July 95Atlas IIACCAFS35 78435 7920.11436.152.4°W, W. Atlantic
21DSCS III B-13USA 135/F101997-065A 2501924 Oct 97Atlas IIACCAFS35 78635 78601436.1135°W, W. Pacific
22DSCS III B-8USA 148/F11 2000-001A 2605221 Jan 00Atlas IIACCAFS35 78635 78601436.1175°E, W. Pacific
23DSCS III B-11USA 153/F12 2000-065A2657520 Oct 00Atlas IIACCAFS35 78635 786 01436.112°W, E. Atlantic
24DSCS III A-3USA 167/F132003-008A 2769111 Mar 03Delta IV-MCCAFS35 78635 78601436.1
25DSCS III B-6USA 170/F142003-040A 2787529 Aug 03Delta IV-MCCAFS35 78635 78601436.1
26Milstar-1USA 99/DFS-11994-009A229887 Feb 94Titan IVACCAFS35 78635 78601436.1177.5°E, Pacific
27Milstar-2USA 115/DFS-21995-060A237126 Nov 96Titan IVACCAFS35 76635 8100.41436.1120°W, Americas
28Milstar-4USA 157 2001-009A2671527 Feb 01Titan IVBCCAFS35 78435 7925.21436.167.9°W, Americas
29Milstar-5USA 164 2002-001A2716816 Jan 02Titan IVBCCAFS35 75435 8223.51436.14.0°E, Europe
30Milstar-6USA 169 2003-012A277118 Apr 03Titan IVBCCAFS35 76935 80831436.190.0°W, Americas
31GeoLITE USA 1582001-020A2677018 May 01Atlas IIACCAFS35 78635 78601436.1
Weather satellites
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1GFO. .1998-007A2515710 Feb 98TaurusVAFB784785108100.6GeoSat follow-on
2DMSP 5D-2 F12USA 1061994-057A2323329 Aug 94Atlas E VAFB83384998.5101.8
3DMSP 5D-2 F13USA 1091995-015A2353324 Mar 95Atlas E VAFB83584598.8101.8
4DMSP 5D-2 F14c USA 1311997-012A247534 Apr 97Titan 2VAFB83384598.6101.8Back-up
5DMSP 5D-3 F15USA 1471999-067A2599112 Dec 99Titan 2VAFB83084298.6101.7
6DMSP 5D-3 F16USA 1722003-048A2805418 Oct 03Titan 2VAFB83885198.9101.9
7Oscar 29cNNSS 302901987-080B1836116 Sep 87Scout GVAFB1 0111 17390.2107.2Stored
8Oscar 27NNSS 302701987-080A1836216 Sep 87Scout GVAFB1 0111 17590.3107.2Operational
9Oscar 23NNSS 302301988-033A1907026 Apr 88Scout GVAFB1 0121 29890.3108.5Operational
10Oscar 32NNSS 303201988-033B1907126 Apr 88Scout GVAFB1 0131 29690.3108.5Operational
11Oscar 25cNNSS 302501988-074A1941925 Aug 88Scout GVAFB1 0261 17489.8107.3Stored
12Oscar 31cNNSS 303101988-074B1942025 Aug 88Scout GVAFB1 0271 17289.8107.3Stored
Early-warning satellites in geostationary orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1DSP F14b USA 39 1989-046A2006614 Jun 89Titan IVACCAFS35 49036 0878.11436.1144.7°W
2DSP F15b USA 65 1990-095A2092913 Nov 90Titan IVACCAFS35 76935 8098.11436.238.5°W
3DSP F16USA 751991-080B2180524 Nov 91STS 44KSC35 86935 8774.51440.1165°W
4DSP F17USA 1071994-084A2343522 Dec 94Titan IVACCAFS35 78635 78601436.1146.5°W
5DSP F18USA 1301997-008A 2473723 Feb 97Titan IVBCCAFS35 78635 78601436.1103°E
6DSP F20USA 149 2000-024A 2635618 May 00Titan IVBCCAFS35 74735 8310.51436.27.8°E
7DSP F21USA 159 2001-033A 2688006 Aug 01Titan IVBCCAFS35 78635 78601436.170°E
8DSP F22USA 176 2004-004A 2815814 Feb 04Titan IVBCCAFS35 78635 78601436.1
Electronic intelligence satellites
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Orion/Magnum 3USA 671990-097B2096315 Nov 90STS 38 KSC35 78635 78631436.1
2Orion/Mentor 4USA 110 1995-022A2356714 May 95Titan IVACCAFS35 78635 78631436.1Poss. replacement for USA 8
3Orion/Mentor 5USA 139 1998-029A253369 May 98Titan IVACCAFS35 78635 78631436.1Poss. replacement for USA 48
4Orion/Mentor 6USA 171 2003-041A279379 Sep 03Titan IVBCCAFS35 78635 78631436.1
5Mercury 1USA 105 1994-054A2322327 Aug 94Titan IVACCAFS35 78635 78631436.1
6Mercury 2USA 118 1996-026A2385524 Apr 96Titan IVACCAFS33 86237 7136.41436.1
7Trumpet 1USA 103 1994-026A230973 May 94Titan IVACCAFS102639 33463.7717.6+ HERITAGE
8Trumpet 2USA 112 1995-034A2360910 July 95Titan IVACCAFS50039 85063.4717.7+ HERITAGE
9Trumpet 3USA 136 1997-068A250348 Nov 97Titan IVACCAFS160438 76863.2717.9+ EHF Polar Adjunct
Electronic ocean surveillance satellites
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1NOSS 1-7 SSU 1USA 16 1986-014D166239 Feb 86Atlas HVAFB7031 50963.4107.4Manoeuvred in 2002
2NOSS 1-7 SSU 2USA 17 1986-014E166249 Feb 86Atlas HVAFB7001 51363.4107.4Manoeuvred in 2002
3NOSS 1-7 SSU 3USA 18 1986-014H166319 Feb 86Atlas HVAFB7071 50563.4107.4Manoeuvred in 2002
4NOSS 2-1 SSU 1USA 60 1990-050E206428 June 90Titan IVACCAFS8141 39863.4107.4
5NOSS 2-1 SSU 2USA 61 1990-050C206918 June 90Titan IVACCAFS8111 40263.4107.4
6NOSS 2-1 SSU 3USA 62 1990-050D206928 June 90Titan IVACCAFS8111 40263.4107.4
7NOSS 2-2 SSU 1USA 74 1991-076C 217998 Nov 91Titan IVAVAFB8431 37063.4107.4
8NOSS 2-2 SSU 2USA 76 1991-076D 218088 Nov 91Titan IVAVAFB8431 37063.4107.4
9NOSS 2-2 SSU 3USA 77 1991-076E 218098 Nov 91Titan IVAVAFB8471 36663.4107.4
10NOSS 2-3 SSU 1USA 119 1996-029D 2386212 May 96Titan IVAVAFB9561 25763.4107.4
11NOSS 2-3 SSU 2USA 120 1996-029C2390812 May 96Titan IVAVAFB9561 25663.4107.4
12NOSS 2-3 SSU 3USA 121 1996-029E2393612 May 96Titan IVAVAFB9551 25863.4107.4
13NOSS 3-1 SSU 1USA 160 2001-040A269058 Sep 01Atlas IIAS VAFB1 0821 13063.4107.4
14NOSS 3-1 SSU 2. .2001-040C269078 Sep 01Atlas IIAS VAFB1 0831 13063.4107.4Unacknowledged payload d
15NOSS 3-2 SSU 1USA 173 2003-054A280952 Dec 03Atlas IIAS VAFB1 0351 17863.4107.4
16NOSS 3-2 SSU 2. .2003-054C280972 Dec 03Atlas IIAS VAFB1 0351 17863.4107.4Unacknowledged payload d
Imagery intelligence satellites
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Improved Crystal 2 USA 116 1995-066A237285 Dec 95Titan IVAVAFB40680397.896.8
2Improved Crystal 3 USA 129 1996-072A2468020 Dec 96Titan IVAVAFB2791 0169897.7
3Improved Crystal 4 USA 161 2001-044A269345 Oct 01Titan IVBVAFB39889697.997.7Replaced USA 116
4Misty 1eUSA 531990-019B2051628 Feb 90STS 36KSC72473266.299.4Oct 1997 orbit. De-orbited?
5Misty 2eUSA 144 1999-028A2574422 May 99Titan IVBVAFB2 6863 13363.4148.5Probably not payload's orbit f
6Lacrosse/Onyx 2 USA 691991-017A 211478 Mar 91Titan IVAVAFB6396466897.6
7Lacrosse/Onyx 3 USA 133 1997-064A 2501724 Oct 97Titan IVAVAFB6546605797.9
8Lacrosse/Onyx 4 USA 152 2000-047A 2647317 Aug 00Titan IVBVAFB6746826898.3
Minor military/technology development satellites
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Stacksat-TEXP87-2/USA 57 1990-031B 205614 Nov 90Atlas E VAFB61374589.898.4Transceiver experiment
2RADCALP92-1 1993-041A2269825 June 93ScoutVAFB75087689.5101.2Radar calibration
3REX IIP89-1A 1996-014A238149 Mar 96Pegasus XL VAFB79582490.1101.1Radiation Experiment II
4MSXMSX1996-024A2385124 Apr 96Delta 2VAFB89490399.2103g
5FORTEP92-A 1997-047A2492028 Aug 97Pegasus XL VAFB79182270101.1h
6ARGOSP91-1 1999-008A2563424 Feb 99Delta 2 VAFB82083399101.5i
7MTIP97-32000-014A2610212 Mar 00TaurusVAFB52054897.395.4j
8XSS-102003-005B2766429 Jan 03Delta 7925 CCAFS51979839.897.9Experimental inspector satellite
9TSX-5P95-22000-030A263747 June 00PegasusVAFB4031 60168.9105.2k
10MightySat II.1P99-12000-042A2641419 July 00MinotaurCCAFS49251797.894.6Decayed Nov 2002
Note: In the column Launched (date), '00' = 2000, '01' = 2001, '02' = 2002, etc.
a Figures in italics = orbital elements are estimated.
b Inactive/retired spacecraft.
c Back-up/spare spacecraft.
d Second NOSS payload was falsely identified as debris by USSTRATCOM.
e Low-observable, i.e. stealth satellite.
f Misty 2 would be in an orbit similar to that of Misty 1. Object in the tabulated orbit has characteristics of debris; perhaps a decoy.
g Midcourse Space Experiment. Space Based Visible camera now a USSTRATCOM satellite tracking sensor.
h Fast on-orbit recording transient events.
i Advanced research and global observation satellite.
j Multi-spectral thermal imager.
k Tri-service experiments mission.
Table 2. Russian operational military satellites, as of 31 December 2004
Navigation satellites in low earth orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Parus 89Cosmos 23611998-76A 2559024 Dec 98Cosmos-3M Plesetsk9651 01082.9104.9Plane 5
2Parus 90Cosmos 23661999-45A 2589226 Aug 99Cosmos-3M Plesetsk9591 00482.9104.8Plane 3, inactivea
3Parus 91Cosmos 23782001-23A2681829 May 01Cosmos-3M Plesetsk9601 00782.9104.8Plane 6
4Parus 92Cosmos 23892002-26A2743628 May 02Cosmos-3M Plesetsk9461 01482.9104.8Plane 4, inactivea
5Parus 93Cosmos 23982003-23A278184 Jun 03Cosmos-3M Plesetsk9661 01482.9105Plane 2
6Parus 94Cosmos 24072004-28A2838022 Jul 04Cosmos-3M Plesetsk9481 00483104.7Plane 1
Navigation satellites in medium earth orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1GLONASS 83 783Cosmos 23742000-63A2656413 Oct 00Proton-KBaikonur19 11619 14364.5675.7
2GLONASS 84 787Cosmos 23752000-63B2656513 Oct 00Proton-KBaikonur19 12419 13564.5675.7
3GLONASS 85 788Cosmos 23762000-63C2656613 Oct 00Proton-KBaikonur19 02119 23864.5675.7
4GLONASS 87 789Cosmos 23812001-53B269881 Dec 01Proton-K Baikonur19 06719 19164.7675.7Unhealthy since launch
5GLONASS 88 711Cosmos 23822001-53A269891 Dec 01Proton-K Baikonur19 10919 15064.8675.7
6GLONASS 89 791Cosmos 23942002-60A2761725 Dec 02Proton-K Baikonur19 12719 13264.7675.7
7GLONASS 90 792Cosmos 23952002-60B2761825 Dec 02Proton-K Baikonur19 10119 15864.7675.7
8GLONASS 91 793Cosmos 23962002-60C2761925 Dec 02Proton-K Baikonur19 11619 14364.7675.7
9GLONASS 92 794Cosmos 24022003-56A2811210 Dec 03Proton-K Baikonur19 01519 24564.9675.7
10GLONASS 93 795Cosmos 24032003-56B2811310 Dec 03Proton-K Baikonur19 02119 23865675.7
11GLONASS 94 701Cosmos 24042003-56C2811410 Dec 03Proton-K Baikonur19 03219 22665675.7
12GLONASS 95 701Cosmos 24112004-53A2850826 Dec 04Proton-K Baikonur19 13419 14164.8676.1
13GLONASS 96 701Cosmos 24122004-53B2850926 Dec 04Proton-K Baikonur19 13519 14064.9676
14GLONASS 97 701Cosmos 24132004-53C2851026 Dec 04Proton-K Baikonur19 13319 13964.8676
Communications satellites in low earth orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Strela-3Cosmos 23371997-06D2472814 Feb 97Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 3981 41282.6114
2Strela-3Cosmos 23381997-06E2472914 Feb 97Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4061 41282.6114
3Strela-3Cosmos 23391997-06F2473014 Feb 97Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4101 41182.6114.1
4Strela-3Cosmos 23521998-36A2536316 June 98Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 3091 87082.6118
5Strela-3Cosmos 23531998-36B2536416 June 98Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 2991 86582.6117.9
6Strela-3Cosmos 23541998-36C2536516 June 98Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 3061 86782.6118
7Strela-3Cosmos 23551998-36D2536616 June 98Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 3021 86482.6117.9
8Strela-3Cosmos 23561998-36E2536716 June 98Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 2961 86382.6117.8
9Strela-3Cosmos 23571998-36F2536816 June 98Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 2921 85982.6117.7
10Strela-3Cosmos 23842001-58D2705827 Dec 01Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4091 41582.5114.1
11Strela-3Cosmos 23852001-58E2705927 Dec 01Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4141 41582.5114.2
12Strela-3Cosmos 23862001-58F2706027 Dec 01Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4011 41582.5114
13Strela-3Cosmos 23902002-36A274648 July 02Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4651 50582.5115.7
14Strela-3Cosmos 23912002-36B274658 July 02Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4631 49982.5115.7
15Strela-3Cosmos 24002003-37A2786819 Aug 03Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4661 50782.5115.7
16Strela-3Cosmos 24012003-37B2786919 Aug 03Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4641 49882.5115.6
17Strela-3Cosmos 24082004-37A2841923 Sep 04Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4681 49382.5115.6
18Strela-3Cosmos 24092004-37B2842023 Sep 04Tsyklon 3Plesetsk1 4711 49382.5115.6
Communications satellites in elliptical orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Molniya-3-49. .1998-40A253791 July 98Molniya-M Plesetsk1 27239 07464.1717.7
2Molniya-1-91. .1998-54A2548528 Sep 98Molniya-M Plesetsk93439 41364.1717.7
3Molniya-3-50. .1999-36A258478 July 99Molniya-M Plesetsk1 86838 48063.6717.7
4Molniya-3-51. .2001-30A2686720 July 01Molniya-M Plesetsk59139 76263.4717.8
5Molniya-3-52. .2001-50A2697025 Oct 01Molniya-M Plesetsk52439 82164.8717.6
6Molniya-1-92. .2003-11A277072 Apr 03Molniya-M Plesetsk47839 86863.6717.7
7Molniya-3-53. .2003-29A2783419 Jun 03Molniya-M Plesetsk45839 89363.6717.8
8Molniya-1-93. .2004-05A2816318 Feb 04Molniya-M Plesetsk94139 41062.9717.7
Communications satellites in geostationary orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Potok/Geizer 11Cosmos 2371 2000-36A263944 July 00ProtonBaikonur35 78335 7942.51436.179.8°E
2Raduga 1-4. .1999-10A2564228 Feb 99Proton K Baikonur35 78335 7904.7143634.7°E
3Raduga 1-5. .2000-49A2647728 Aug 00Proton K Baikonur35 78335 7932.4143644.5°E
4Raduga 1-6. .2001-45A269366 Oct 01Proton K Baikonur35 78135 7961.51436.169.8°E
5Raduga 1-7. .2004-10A2819427 Mar 04Proton K Baikonur35 77335 7970.9143684.8°E
Early-warning satellites in elliptical orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Oko-81Cosmos 23882002-17A274091 Apr 02Molniya-M Plesetsk70839 63165.3717.5
2Oko-82Cosmos 23932002-59A2761324 Dec 02Molniya-M Plesetsk103539 31563.4717.7
Early-warning satellites in geostationary orbit
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Prognoz 13Cosmos 23792001-37A2689225 Aug 01ProtonBaikonur35 77835 7950.7143624.0°W, USA coverage
Electronic intelligence satellites
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Tselina-2Cosmos 23692000-06A260693 Feb 00Zenit-2Baikonur83985671101.9
2Tselina-2Cosmos 24062004-21A2835210 Jun 04Zenit-2Baikonur84486471102
Electronic ocean surveillance satellites
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1US-PM 11Cosmos 23832001-57A2705321 Dec 01Tsyklon 2Baikonur4014176592.8Decayed Mar 2004
2US-PM 12Cosmos 24052004-20A2835028 May 04Tsyklon 2Baikonur4034166592.8
Imagery intelligence satellites
Common
name
Official
name
Intl
name
NORAD
design.
Launched
(date)
LauncherLaunch
site
Perigee
(km)
Apogee
(km)
Incl.
(deg.)
Period
(min.)
Comments
1Araks 1Cosmos 23441997-28A248276 June 97ProtonBaikonur1 4382 80363.4130
2Araks 2Cosmos 23922002-37A2747025 July 02ProtonBaikonur1 4751 82463.5119.3
3Yantar-4K2Cosmos 24102004-38A2839624 Sep 04Soyuz-UPlesetsk19032167.189.7
Note: In the column Launched (date), '00' = 2000, '01' = 2001, '02' = 2002, etc.
a Inactive as of Kettering Group report of 24 Aug 2004, via www.hearsat.org.
Table 3. Rest of the world, operational military satellites, as of 31 December 2004
Common Official IntlNORADLaunchedLaunchPerigeeApogee Incl.Period.
Missionnamenamenamedesign.(date)Launchersite(km)(km)(deg.)(min.)Comments
Australia
1Comm.Leasat 5 SYNCOM IV-051990-002B204109 Jan 90STS 32KSC35 78735 7905.51436.1100.0°E
China
1Comm.Zhongxing-22ChinaSat-222000-003A2605825 Jan 00LM-3AXichang35 76835 81001436.198.0°E
2ImageryZY 2-1Zi Yuan 22000-050A264811 Sep 00CZ-4BTaiyuan48549197.294.4
3ImageryZY 2-2Zi Yuan 2B2002-049A2755027 Oct 02CZ-4BTaiyuan48649097.394.4
4ImageryZY 2-3Zi Yuan 2C2004-044A2847006 Nov 04CZ-4BTaiyuan47650097.394.4
5ImageryFSW 3-22004-033A2840229 Aug 04CZ-2CTaiyuan1655626391.5De-orbitedc
6ImageryFSW 3-32004-039A2842427 Sep 04CZ-2DJiuquan 2053186389.8Decayedd
7NavBeidou-01ABNTS-1A2000-069A2659930 Oct 00LM-3AXichang35 77635 80201436.2139.9°E
8NavBeidou-01BBNTS-1B2000-082A2664320 Dec 00LM-3AXichang35 78135 79501436.180.4°E
9NavBeidou-01C2003-021A2781324 May 03LM-3AXichang35 77135 8030.21436.1110.5°E
10SigintShenzhou-5Shenzhou-52003-045G2804915 Oct 03CZ-2FTaiyuan34438942.491.8Decayedb
Japan
1ImageryIGS-1A2003-009A2769828 Mar 03H2ATanegashima48348697.494.4Optical
2ImageryIGS-2A2003-009B2769928 Mar 03H2ATanegashima48348697.494.4Radar
Europe
1Comm.NATO 4A. .1991-001A210478 Jan 91Delta 7925 CCAFS35 77635 8005.61436.117.8°W
2Comm.NATO 4B . .1993-076A229217 Dec 93Delta 7925 CCAFS35 77535 8014.11436.120.3°W, spare
3Comm.aSkynet 4A. .1990-001A204011 Jan 90Titan 3CCAFS35 77635 7996.51436.134.0°W, spare
4Comm.aSkynet 4C. .1990-079A2077630 Aug 90Ariane-4Kourou35 77835 7986.31436.11.1°W, spare
5Comm.aSkynet 4D. .1998-002A251349 Jan 98Delta 7925 CCAFS35 77035 8081.91436.234.4°W
6Comm.Skynet 4E. .19990-09B2563926 Feb 99Ariane-4Kourou35 77335 8032.11436.152.9°E
7Comm.Skynet 4F. .2001-005B266957 Feb 01Ariane-4Kourou35 77535 7981.11436.16.0°E
8Comm.Sircal 1. .2001-005A266947 Feb 01Ariane-4Kourou35 76635 8080.1143616.1°E
9ImageryHelios 1A. .1995-033A236057 July 95Ariane-4Kourou67668098.298.4
10ImageryHelios 1B. .1999-064A 259774 Dec 99Ariane-4Kourou63463898.297.5Out of servicee
11ImageryHelios 2A. .2004-049A 2849218 Dec 04Ariane-5Kourou67868098.198.4
India
1ImageryTES. .2001-049A2695722 Oct 01PSLVSHAR55456397.795.9
Israel
1ImageryEROS-A1. .2000-079A266315 Dec 00START-1Plesetsk49950397.494.7
2ImageryOfeq-5. .2002-025A2743428 May 02START-1Palmachim477483143.594.1
USA: commercial
1ImageryIkonos 2. .1999-051A2591924 Sep 99Athena 2VAFB67567798.198.3
2ImageryQuickbird 2. .2001-047A2695318 Oct 01Delta 2 VAFB44144697.393.5
3ImageryOrbview 3. .2003-030A2783826 Jun 03Pegasus XL VAFB45045397.293.7
Note: In the column Launched (date), '00' = 2000, '01' = 2001, '02' = 2002, etc.
a Back-up/spare spacecraft.
b Orbital module from first piloted flight of Shenzhou spacecraft. Manoeuvred during 2003. Decayed May 2004.
c De-orbited 07 Nov 2004.
d De-orbited 09 Nov 2004.
e Removed from service and from operational orbit in Oct 2004.



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