Brdy, Czech Republic
A Midcourse Radar proposed for deployment to the Czech Republic. The United States asked the Czech government in January 2007 to begin negotiations about the proposed radar, conceivably to be built at a military base between Prague and Pilsen -- the military training area at Brdy. A status-of-forces agreement would govern up to 200 U.S. troops who would operate and secure the system. The physical locations will remain the sovereign territory of the host nation, but the United States will have operational control of the bases. All U.S. personnel will be required to abide by the laws of the host nation.
Very preliminary contacts between the Czech and US governments started in 2002, under the Social Democratic government in the Czech Republic. On February 4, 2004 a Czech government resolution provides the legal framework for bilateral technical discussions. Following this resolution, the Czech Ministry of Defense provides the U.S. Government with preliminary technical information about intended localities for the facility. More intense contacts then continued throughout 2005 when American teams of experts visited the Czech Republic and were in touch with the experts at the Czech Ministry of Defense. A US site survey teams to examine the proposed sites July 16-26, 2006. There were three military training areas in question at that time, and they were narrowing it down to one.
The first round of negotiations with the Czechs took place in May 2007, and the second in September 2007. Three reasons the Czech Republic agreed to enter negotiations over the radar: its historical ties to the United States, its recognition of the ballistic missile threat, and its desire for a U.S. and NATO presence in Central Europe.
This X-band radar will be optimized to point its narrow beam at Iranian ballistic missile threats in fl ight. This is not a surveillance radar that scans continuously through 360 degrees, but instead uses information from early warning satellites and other transportable sea- and land-based sensors (such as mobile forward-based X-band radars placed closer to ballistic missile threat locations for earlier acquisition and precise tracking) to pinpoint or "cue" its very thin beam to find and track ballistic missiles after they are launched.
The emissions of this radar will not endanger people as the beam is extremely narrow (diameter of a couple of meters at a distance of 25 km) and must be elevated from ground level to acquire missiles in flight. X-band radars are used at most airports and do not pose a health risk. The X-band radar will not operate continuously 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
The information obtained by this radar will be used to identify and distinguish the missile warhead from other missile parts (such as separated booster rockets) and potential countermeasures. Most importantly, it will be used to guide interceptor missiles to the projected trajectory of the ballistic missile warhead.
The radar proposed for deployment to the Czech Republic is currently located at Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands (central Pacific Ocean) where it has been used to support missile defense tests over the past decade. Upon completion of negotiations and site preparation, it will be relocated to Europe. It is important to note that this radar has successfully operated without any harmful effects to the people in the nearby family housing area or the children in the nearby school.
Technical analysis shows that Poland and the Czech Republic are the optimal locations for fielding U.S. missile defense assets in Europe. It provides defensive coverage for the majority of Europe from longer-range ballistic missiles launched from the Middle East. And it provides redundant coverage for the US against ICBMs launched from the Middle East.
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