Military


S-300 Series Tactical and Technical Performance

the S-300V was developed as tactical SAM system, while the S-300P was developed as a strategic SAM system. The S-300V was developed for Land Forces and the S-300P system for long-range air defense.

SA-10 GRUMBLE is the low-end S-300PS/PT series with FLAP LID radar and 5V55 radars. SA-20 GARGOYLE is the high-end S-300PM-1/2 series with TOMB STONE radar and 48N6 missiles. The 9M96 missiles don't fit into the larger 48N6 tubes, rather, the four-round 9M96 launcher replaces a 48N6 tube.

The S-300P has a similar code name but in fact is an entirely different missile system. The S-300V series includes two systems, S-300V (SA-12), and the improved S-300VM Antey 2500. These two weapons systems use two types of missiles, the 9M83 SA-12A Gladiator and the 9M83 SA-12B Giant.

The S-400 can selectively use several types of missiles, both previously developed SAMs and the new, unique SAMs. The Triumph air defense system can use 48N6E missiles of the S-300PMU-1 system and the 48N6E2 missiles of the S-300PMU-2 Favorit system. There are two new missiles in the S-400 system: the quad-packed missile has a range of 120-150km and the big one has a range of 400km.

Almaz is working on an S-500, described in September 2002 as an improvement of the Phase 2 S-400, with new missiles and radar. As of 2007 it appeared that the merged Antey-Almaz was working on the S-500 Samoderzhets (Autocrat) system, that will include elements from both the S-400 system and the S-300VM (Antey 2500).

Family S-300P (SA-10) S-400 (SA-21) S-300V (SA-12)
Favorit Triumf Antey-2500
Missile S-300P
S-300PT
S-300PS
S-300PM
S-300PM
S-300PMU
S-300PMU1 S-300PMU2 S-300PMU3 S-300VM
5V55K 5V55R 5V55RUD 48N6
48N6E
48N6E2 48N6DM 9M96
9M96E
9M96E2 40N6 9M82 9M83 9M82M
Initial NATO Nomenclature SA-10A SA-10B SA-10C SA-10D SA-10E SA-10F SA-10F SA-12B SA-12A
Grumble A Grumble B Grumble C Grumble D Grumble E Gargoyle A Gargoyle B Giant Gladiator
Revised NATO Nomenclature SA-10A SA-10B SA-10C SA-20A SA-20B SA-21A SA-21B SA-12A/B SA-12A/B
Grumble A Grumble B Grumble C Gargoyle A Gargoyle B Growler A Growler B Giant Gladiator
Target Low-altitude jetLow-altitude jetLow-altitude jetLow-altitude jet, TBM Low-altitude jet, TBM ??TBM Anti-aircraft mainly ??TBM Anti-aircraft mainly TBM, aircraft
Range (km) 47 75 90 150
TBM 40
3~200 120-250? 2.5~40 2.5~120 400-450 13~100
tbm:13/40
6~75
TBM: 6/40
200
TBM 40
Altitude (km) - 0.025~25 0.025~25 0.025~27 0.01~27 ?? 0.005~25 0.005~30185 0.1~30
TBM 2~25
0.025~25
TBM 2~25
0.025~30
TBM 30
Kill-probability - - - - - ?? 90% aircraft / 80% TBM ?? 60% (high)
80%~90% (low)
96%
Reaction time (s) - - - - - ?? - ?? 15 7
Guidance system - - - - Command + radio TVM Command +? ??Command + active radar homing ?? Inertial + Command + semi-active radar homing
Launch Four cylinder dual-mounted vertical launch Each cylinder 4 / 4 drum dual-mounted vertical launch ??double row canisters
4 cylinders in a row canisters vertical launch
Length (m) - - 7.25 7.5 - ?? - - ?? 9.918 7.8 -
Diameter (mm) - - 508 515 - ?? - - ?? 715 715 -
launch mass (kg) - 1664 1804 1799 About 1,800 ?? 333 420 ?? 4690 2318 -
flight speed (m/s) - 1860 1900 20002200 ??1000 900 ?? 2400 1700 -
Acceleration (g) - - 25 25 - - ??30~60 20~60 ?? 20 20 -
Warhead (kg) - 133 143 143 180 ?? 24 24 ?? Directional Fragmentation
PropulsionSingle-stage high-thrust solid rocket motor Two solid rocket motors



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