74th Separate Zvenigorod-Berlin Motorized Brigade
The 74th Separate Zvenigorod-Berlin Motorized Brigade incorporates motorized battalions, a tank battalion, artillery battalions, and auxiliary units. The brigade was created from the overhauled 94th Guards Infantry Zvenigorod-Berlin Division, a separate guards engineering battalion, and the 386th Tank regiment of the 85th Motorized Division detached from the Western Group of Forces. On April 28, 1943, the 94th Division was formed of two Marine brigades that took part in the Stalingrad offensive. Over a half of its servicemen fought in Stalingrad, which is why the division had been immediately granted the title "guards."
Following an August 1999 attack into Dagestan by Chechen separatists and the September 1999 bombings of two apartment buildings in Moscow, the Russian government launched a military campaign into Chechnya. Russian authorities accused the Chechen government of failing to stop the growth of the rebels' activities and failure to curb widespread banditry and hostage-taking in the republic. The 74th Motor Rifle Brigade was sent to the region in September 1999 and took part in the Dagestan campaign until March 2001, when it became one of the first Russian units to withdraw from the region. The brigade fought rebel forces with an array of military equipment, including tanks, self-propelled artillery, and armored personnel carriers.
The 74th Separate Zvenigorod-Berlin Motorized Brigade deployed in Yurga, Kemerovo Region (coal-mining region in the south of Western Siberia), will be fully manned with contract servicemen by the end of 2006, Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov said 02 February 2005 at a meeting with the brigade's personnel attended by journalists. "By late 2006, the 74th Brigade should be fully manned by about 3,000 professionals," the minister said. He praised the professionalism of the brigade, which "is one of the most combat-ready," he said. "Transition to contract service will include the construction of new barracks for contract servicemen and development of the training and material base," Mr. Ivanov added.
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