1st Infantry Division
The 1st Infantry Division was originally activated as the 1st Brigade on December 1, 1947 at Seoul under Col. Song Ho Song. The unit was originally comprised of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Regiments, which had all been activated roughly one yeard earlier. On May 12, 1949 the 1st Brigade was reorganized and reactivated as the 1st Division commanded by Col. Kim Sok Won. The Division was located at Susaek and consisted of the 11th, 12th, and 13th Regiments.
Following its activation the 1st Division was positioned near the 38th parallel.
The 1st Infantry Division was the first element of the ROK Army to be attacked by the North Koreans on June 25, 1950. At 4 a.m. the North Koreans began an artillery barrage on the 1st ID's positions along the 38th Parallel. The artillery bombardment is quickly followed by ground attacks by the NKPA's 1st and 6th Infantry Divisions against the ROKA 1st Division.
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