XII Corps has been headquartered in Quetta since it was raised in 1984-85, and apparently consists of two infantry divisions. Unlike many other Corps, no independent brigades have been identified in association with 12 Corps, although one source suggests the possible presence of one Independent Armored or Independent Infantry Brigade.
Differences between Nawaz Sharif and Ghulam Ishaq Khan started in the early 1990s due to Sharif's objection to Gen Abdul Wahid, Commander XII corps in Quetta who was appointed as the Army Chief, after Asif Nawaz passed away.
During the five-year-long Taliban regime in Afghanistan, Pakistan had gained several advantages with a friendly neighbour at Kabul. It shifted large elements of its XI and XII Corps close to the Indian border in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), Punjab and Rajasthan.
By early July 1999, during the Kargil conflict, Pakistan had moved most of its strike corps to the eastern border, forcing India to heighten the vigil across the LoC and the international border. Pakistan's XI corps and XII corps, which had been stationed in Peshawar and Quetta, were believed to have moved east, reinforcing the V corps in Karachi, whose role had been to intercept any Indian attempt to cut the Karachi-Lahore road. The X corps at Rawalpindi was in position across the Line of Control in Kashmir, and the four mountain divisions near the LoC had been reinforced with the three brigades that have moved into Skardu. The Pakistani concept of Riposte was neutralized, as the reserve formations were denuded of their forces, in that both XI Corps in Peshawar and XII Corps in Quetta were denuded of their divisions, with one in Afghanistan and the other in Jammu and Kashmir.
In the month preceding his coup, In the months before the coup, it had become clear to Gen. Musharraf that there was information being leaked to "the politicians" (particularly to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif) from the monthly meetings of Corps Commanders. Gen. Musharraf told Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif that he wanted the suspect corps commander, Lt.-Gen. Tariq Pervaiz, of XII Corps, Quetta, removed. The Prime Minister said that this would be a lengthy process. Gen. Musharraf, as COAS, then moved within his jurisdiction to remove Lt.-Gen. Tariq Pervaiz from his post, and then retired him, without the Prime Minister's approval. Lt Gen. Tariq Parvez was sacked by Lt. Gen. Pervez Musharraf, Chief of Army Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee on 09 October 2001 for ill-discipline and disloyalty.
The composition of XII Corps appears to have undergone considerable evolution over time, reflecting the various deployments. As of early 2001 the Corps apparently consisted only of the 41 Infantry Division, and it was suggested that, to make this Corps a viable Corps, one more division will have to be raised, having lost 40 Infantry Division to IV Corps.
In November 2001 it was reported that Pakistan had begun shifting elements of its forces from the Indian borders to its borders with Afghanistan. This was the first time in six years that troops had reverted to their original location under the XI Corps (Peshawar) and XII Corps (Quetta).
In December 2001 the Indian government ordered perhaps the largest post-Second World War military build-up, sending some three-quarters of India's 1.2 million soldiers on to offensive positions on the border with Pakstian. Pakistan responded by moving 10, 11 and 12 Corps from their Afghan frontier locations near Rawalpindi, Peshawar and Quetta to its eastern frontier with India.
|U/I BDE||U/I Location||__°__'N||__°__'E|
|16th Infantry Division||U/I Location||__°__'N||__°__'E|
|33rd Infantry Division||U/I Location||__°__'N||__°__'E|
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|