PN Dockyard (Karachi) Pakistan Naval Dockyard
There are some defence Production organizations and complexes that do not come under the MODP, but coordinate their defence Production activities with MODP in the field of conventional defence equipment. The PN Dockyard which is a fairly comprehensive naval construction and rebuild facility. The Pakistan Navy (PN) Dockyard, since its inception in 1952, has been undertaking repair works, modernisation and rebuild of Pakistan Navy Ships, Submarines and Crafts. Pakistan Navy Dockyard is providing technical assistance, rebuild and repair of a wide range and diversity of equipment of PN Fleet and has undertaken fleet modernisation and up gradation programmes with success. PN Dockyard has developed the capability to undertake ambitious and indigenous construction projects like the production of Missiles Boats, Mines Counter Measure Vessel (MCMV) and AGOSTA 90-B Submarine.
After the independence, Pakistan Navy has come a long way from a small flotilla of ships to a complete fleet acquiring vessels of different variety from East and West. Pakistan Navy now consists of fully modernized ships with state of the art equipment and weapon system, latest conventional submarines, state of art MCMVs and indigenously built missile boats, fast patrol crafts and midgets submarines.
PN Dockyard is fully geared-up to meet the maintenance needs of the Pakistani Fleet. Continued modernization of dockyard workshops to keep pace with the change of technology and induction of system of PN platforms has been the strength of PN planners.
With indigenous construction work in progress the Pakistan Navy has inducted into the fleet several indigenously constructed missile/gun boats and mine-hunters, all of which have been sea-proven and cost effective. PN Dockyard since its inception in 1947 has been undertaking repair works, modernization and rebuild of PN ships & crafts. The keel of present PN Dockyard was formally laid on 27 Sep 1952.
The first major construction work commenced in 1971 with the building of a floating dock. PN Dockyard has developed tremendous capabilities to undertake warship construction projects and extensive rebuild work of the fleet. PN Dockyard has the capability to undertake ambitious indigenous construction projects for building missile boat, MCMV and Agosta 90B. It possesses the know how to design and manufacture these craft as per international shipbuilding practices and quality standards not only to meet the requirement of Pakistan Navy but can also offer the same to friendly navies competitively.
It was engaged in more than a billion dollar project of MODP for construction of Agosta 90-B submarines with the help of France. With regard to construction of submarines, PN received its first Agosta 90-B class submarine from France. The second submarine was constructed at PN Dockyard and handed over to PN at the end of 2003. The third submarine was undocked by November 2006. With this venture Pakistan has entered the Coterie of few nations that have the wherewithal and the technical know how to build submarines. These submarines could also have export potential.
Submarine Construction in Pakistan Navy is a continuation of the naval construction efforts, which started in Pakistan Navy Dockyard in 1971 for self-reliance and indigenisation. It includes construction of floating docks, missile boats, X-Craft submarines and MCMVs. PN Dockyard had 30 years of repair & maintenance experience of DAPHNE and AGOSTA 70 submarines prior undertaking Meta construction project of AGOSTA-90B submarines in 1994.
Another benefit of this project is a changed quality culture and work methodology. ISO 9002 standard was awarded to PN Dockyard in Nov 1997, the first defence industrial setup to receive this prestigious certification. Presently PN Dockyard is certified to the requirements of ISO 9001-2000 Standard.
While Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works is fully capable of constructing both commercial as well as military craft of all sizes, in the early 1980s PN Dockyard also undertook limited construction of small to medium size ships. Indigenous construction of modern OPVs, Missile Boats, state of the art MCMVs and above all Agosta 90B submarine has put PN on the road of self - reliance. Retrofitting of modern ships and submarines at PN Dockyard is providing cost effective maintenance to the fleet units.
Being a four - dimension service, PN also maintains a strong air arm. PNS Mehran has maintenance facilities for maritime patrol aircrafts and helicopters including training simulator available for use by friendly countries.
Pakistan Navy took yet another major step on the road to self reliance by inducting the 2nd indigenously built Agosta class submarine HAMZA in its fleet. The submarine was the first ever conventional submarine in the world equipped with MESMA, an Air Independent Propulsion (AlP) system, which enhances its ability to remain submerged for extended duration thus increasing the threat potential against the enemy.
The commissioning ceremony was held at PN Dockyard. Prime Minister Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani graced the occasion as chief guest. Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Muhammad Afzal Tahir and a number of senior naval officers, foreign delegate, reps of DCN France and civil dignitaries were also present on the occasion. Addressing the ceremony, the guest said that Pakistan navy in recent years has exhibited deep commitment for achieving self reliance in support of the government policies. The indigenous construction of Agosta 90-B submarines and future Ships program is a testimony of the professional competence and skills of our sea guardians. The induction of Submarine Hamza would certainly give Pakistan Navy g qualitative edge over the adversary, he added. The Prime Minister expressed his gratitude to the government of France for their support in this transfer of technology project and said that commissioning of submarine Hamza signifies close cooperation between the two great nations. He also appreciated the efforts and commitment of both Pakistan and French team of engineers, technicians and workers in making the project a success.
Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Muhammad Afzal Tahir in his address congratulated the officers and men of submarine construction department and DCN France personnel for their excellent performance towards fulfillment of this milestone. In his welcome address Commander Logistics Rear Admiral Bakhtiar Mohsin highlighted salient features of Agosta 90-8 submarine construction project. He apprised that in September 1994 a contract was signed with DCN! of France to build three Agosta class submarines. As per the contract, the first submarine was completely built in France and joined PN fleet in December 1999 as PNS/M KHALID. The second submarine was launched on 24th August 2002 and was commissioned as PNS/M SAAD on 12 December 2003. He said that the third and the last submarine of this series 'HAMZA' was completely built in Pakistan envisaging the maximum transfer of technology.
Submarine Hamza is the most advanced version of Agosta design. It is 76 meter long and weighs around 2000 tonnes. Its range is 10000 nautical miles and can remain at sea continuously for 60 days. It is equipped with the state of the art combat system Le SUBTICS (Submarine Tactical Integrated Combat System). It is capable of firing. SM-39 Exocet missile and wire guided torpedoes.
The Agosta 90-8 project is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan as the country is now among the very few nations of the world who are capable of constructing these complex platforms. The project has also brought a new culture of project management, quality control and engineering practices in Pakistan Navy. Success of this project has provided Pakistan the skills, infrastructure and given the tremendous confidence to continue construction of submarine for future operational and strategic needs.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|