Ground Forces - Order of Battle - 1991 Desert Storm
The Iraqis used four Republican Guard divisions to seize Kuwait. By early September 1990 these divisions had returned to their preinvasion locations in southeastern Iraq and less-capable Army divisions had been deployed to replace them. By late September 1990 Iraq had 22 divisions in the theater -- 13 light and 9 heavy. When the Coalition ground offensive began on 24 February 1991, approximately 41-43 Iraqi divisions were in the theater, although not all were fully manned or effective. According to some estimates the number of Iraqi troops in the theater at the start of the ground campaign might have been as great as 336,000 troops, though possibly as few as 200,000 remained by that time. It should be noted that some Iraqi divisions remained un-identified by American intelligence, and a number of the details of the Iraqi Order of Battle are in dispute among various authoritative sources. Operation Desert Storm 1991 by Terry Coello & Ravi Rikhye provides a useful order of battle, but the most recent Version 2.0 of September 9, 2001 contained several divisions that were not attested by other sources, and locates several other divisions at substantial variance with all other published sources.
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