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Ground Forces - Order of Battle - 1991 Desert Storm

The Iraqis used four Republican Guard divisions to seize Kuwait. By early September 1990 these divisions had returned to their preinvasion locations in southeastern Iraq and less-capable Army divisions had been deployed to replace them. By late September 1990 Iraq had 22 divisions in the theater -- 13 light and 9 heavy. When the Coalition ground offensive began on 24 February 1991, approximately 41-43 Iraqi divisions were in the theater, although not all were fully manned or effective. According to some estimates the number of Iraqi troops in the theater at the start of the ground campaign might have been as great as 336,000 troops, though possibly as few as 200,000 remained by that time. It should be noted that some Iraqi divisions remained un-identified by American intelligence, and a number of the details of the Iraqi Order of Battle are in dispute among various authoritative sources. Operation Desert Storm 1991 by Terry Coello & Ravi Rikhye provides a useful order of battle, but the most recent Version 2.0 of September 9, 2001 contained several divisions that were not attested by other sources, and locates several other divisions at substantial variance with all other published sources.



Iraqi Army [in KTO]
WestCenterEast North
VII Corps IV Corps III Corps II Corps
Front line
25th Infantry Division 16th Infantry Division 7th Infantry Division 2nd Infantry Division
27th Infantry Division 20th Infantry Division 8th Infantry Division 37th Infantry Division
28th Infantry Division 30th Infantry Division 11th Infantry Division U/I Infantry Division
48th Infantry Division 34th Infantry Division ?? 14th Infantry Division
36th Infantry Division 15th Infantry Division
18th Infantry Division
19th Infantry Division
29th Infantry Division
Second line
12th Armored Division 1st Mechanized Division 3rd Armored Division 51st Mechanized Division
26th Infantry Division 6th Armored Division 5th Mechanized Division
31st Infantry Division 21st Infantry Division 35th Infantry Division ??
47th Infantry Division
Reserve
Republican Guard [in KTO]Iraqi Army [in KTO]
1st Sub-Corps 2nd Sub-Corps IX Corps
1st Hammurabi Division 5th Baghdad Division 10th Armored Division 45th Infantry Division
2nd Al-Medina Division 6th Nebuchadnezzar Division 17th Armored Division 49th Infantry Division
3rd Tawakalna Division 7th Adnan Division 52nd Armored Division U/I Infantry Division
4th Al-Faw Division
8th Special Forces Division
Other Units not in KTO
Kurdistan Syria Iran Baghdad
Republican Guard
Al Abed Division
Al Nida Armored Division
Iraqi Army [not in KTO]
I Corps V Corps VI Corps X Corps
2nd Infantry Division ??? 4th Infantry Division U/I Reserve Division
38th Infantry Division U/I Infantry Division U/I Reserve Division
U/I Infantry Division U/I Infantry Division U/I Reserve Division
U/I Infantry Division U/I Infantry Division U/I Reserve Division
U/I Infantry Division U/I Infantry Division U/I Reserve Division
U/I Infantry Division U/I Reserve Division
U/I Reserve Division
U/I Reserve Division



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