Central Reserve Police Force
The Central Reserve Police Force is an armed Force of the Union of India, with the basic role of striking reserve to assist the State/Union Territories in Police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency. Its role is that of a catalyst in maintaining law & order, and returns to barracks once this objective is achieved. The force is also being used for various police duties in various States. During the year 1999-2000 a total of 374 militants of various outfits were killed and 6981 militants were apprehended by the Force. Besides above the Force recovered 1299 arms of various type and 51326 rounds of ammunition during this period.
The Central Reserve Police Force, established under the Central Reserve Police Force Act of 1949 (66 of 1949), includes some 165,000 personnel organized into 70 battalions, including seven rapid action battalions and two women battalions. The force is lightly armed and deployable throughout the country, serving as a back-up for the State Police should situations get out of control. Though initially created to respond to riots and civil disorder, orver time the Force has become involved in counter-insurgency operations for they have proven poorly prepared.
At times of general elections to Lok Sabha and to the Legislative Assemblies, the State Governments generally seek assistance of the Central Government Offices and Departments located in the States for deployment of their employees in connection with the conduct of elections. The civil employees of Central para-military forces like the Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Central Industrial Security Force may also be required for such election duty.
The Central Reserve Police Force was raised in 1939 as "Crown Representative's Police" and renamed CRPF after independence. It is a representative force with personnel from all religions & regions. The agency's role is to maintenance of internal security. An elite Rapid Action Force especially formed in 1992 for countering terrorism & insurgency. The organisation consists of a total of 137 battalions: 119 Executive; 10 RAF; 2 Mahila (ladies'); 5 Signals; Special Duty Group; Internal Security Academy (Mount Abu); 3 Training Colleges; 4 Recruits Training Centers; 30 Group Centers; 3 Base Hospitals; 7 Arms Workshops; and the Central Weapon Stores.
CRPF is the only Para Military Force in the Country which has two Mahila (Ladies) Battalions. After its training in March 1987, 88(M) Bn won laurels for its work assisting the Meerut riots and later with the IPKF in Srilanka. Personnel of second Mahila battalion (135 Bn) performed creditably during the Lok Sabha elections 1996 in many states. At present mahila personnel are deployed in active duty in Jammu & Kashmir, Ayodhya, Manipur, Assam and other parts of the country where they are doing commendable job. In addition each RAF battalion has a Mahila (Ladies) component consisting of 96 personnel.
Besides Law and Order and counter insurgency duties, the role of CRPF in the General Elections, held repeatedly during the past few years, has been very significant and vital. This is especially true for the trouble torn States of J&K, Bihar and States of North East. During the Parliamentary elections of Sept'99, the CRPF played a major role in the security arrangements.
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