Batman Air Base, Turkey
The provincial town of Batman about 45 minutes away from Diyarbakir. One of the southeastern Anatolian cities, Batman is a little province which takes its name from the river flowing on its west. The Batman river, spanned by the old Malabadi Bridge, draws the province's border with Diyarbakir, and then joins Tigris (Dicle) River passing through the land. The southeastern extensions of the Taurus Mountains on the other hand, stand on the eastern side of the region, together with the 1288 m high Raman Mountain. Batman enjoyed a rapid development thanks to its oil reserves. The modern refinery was established in 1955 to process oil extracted from Raman and Garzan areas. The most important development which took place later was the completion of the 494 kilometres long pipeline between Batman and Iskenderun.
During the 1991 Gulf War, the rescue base at Batman consisted of a highly capable Special Operations Joint Task Force. In addition to the Air Force component there was a large Army ground component. One rescue mission was launched out of Batman early in the war, however contact could not be made with the two survivors on the ground. All aircraft returned to Batman safely from that mission, which was flown deep into Iraq against a very high enemy threat by slow mover aircraft.
On April 5, 1991, President George Bush directed the start of Operation ProvIde Comfort (OPC). Within 36 hours, the first phase began -- a mission of survival for the people of northern Iraq. During the first two months of operations, forces from 12 nations participated in OPC, including Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Denmark, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Additionally, Germany operated independently out of the Batman Air Base, Turkey, ferrying aid to camps inside Turkey (German law prohibited them from operations outside NATO countries).
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