May 25-29, 2005
Operation Lightning was announced on May 26, 2005 during a news conference by the Iraqi Defense Minister, Sa'dun al-Dulaymi, and the Iraqi Minister of Interior, Bayan Jabar.
The weeklong operation was aimed at disrupting terrorist activity in Baghad to allow for the capture of terrorists operating there. The operation called for 675 permanent checkpoints manned 24 hours a day, in addition to other makeshift ones, to be set up in Baghdad in order to hamper unauthorized movement in and out of the capital during that time.
Plans called for close to 40,000 Iraqi police and army troops to be involved in the operation. US troops were reportedly to act in a support mode with logistics as well as air cover.
A statement attributed to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and posted on and internet site reportedly called for a counter-operation to be launched.
More than 500 arrests were reported to have been made during Operation Lightning's first day, including a former general of Saddam Hussein's Fedayeen militia.
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