Military


Operation Desert Storm

Air Deployment Missions: 18,466, as of June 7, 1991

  • 3,980 by C-5 Galaxy transports
  • 9,085 by C-141 Starlifter transports
  • 1,193 by C-130 Hercules transports
  • 395 by KC-10 Extender aerial refuelers
  • 3,813 by Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers
  • 509,129 passengers and 594,730 tons of cargo carried

    U.S. casualties: 148 battle deaths, 145 nonbattle deaths

  • Army: 98 battle; 105 nonbattle
  • Navy 6 battle; 8 nonbattle
  • Marines: 24 battle; 26 nonbattle
  • Air Force: 20 battle; 6 nonbattle
  • Women killed, 15

    U.S. wounded in action: 467.

    U.S. Commanders, U.S. Central Command, Operation Desert Storm

  • Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, USA, commander in chief
  • Lt. Gen. Calvin Waller, USA, deputy commander in chief
  • Maj. Gen. Robert B. Johnston, USMC, chief of staff
  • Lt. Gen. John J. Yeosock, USA, Army commander
  • Lt. Gen. Walter Boomer, USMC, Marine commander
  • Vice Adm. Stanley Arthur, USN, Navy commander
  • Lt. Gen. Charles Horner, USAF, Air Force commander

    Allied Combat Air Sorties Flown: More than 116,000

    Coalition Aircraft Losses: 75 (63 U.S., 12 Allied)

  • Fixed wing, 37 combat, 15 noncombat
  • U.S. losses, 28 combat, 12 noncombat
  • No U.S. losses in air-to-air engagements
  • Helicopters, 23 (all U.S.): 5 combat, 18 noncombat

    Estimated Iraqi Losses: (Reported by U.S. Central Command, March 7, 1991)

  • 36 fixed-wing aircraft in air-to-air engagements
  • 6 helicopters in air-to-air engagements
  • 68 fixed- and 13 rotary-wing aircraft destroyed on the ground
  • 137 Iraqi aircraft flown to Iran
  • 3,700 of 4,280 battle tanks
  • 2,400 of 2,870 assorted other armored vehicles
  • 2,600 of 3,110 assorted artillery pieces
  • 19 naval ships sunk, 6 damaged
  • 42 divisions made combat-ineffective

    Enemy prisoners of war captured: U.S. forces released 71,204 to Saudi control.

    Facts About Operation Provide Comfort (Relief to Kurdish refugees in eastern

    Turkey and northern Iraq):

  • Operation conducted by U.S. European Command, Army Lt. Gen. John M. Shalikashvili commanding.
  • 11,936 U.S. personnel engaged at peak, May 21, 1991.
  • Total allied coalition personnel involved at peak, 21,701.
  • Relief supplies delivered: 4,416.6 tons by ground transports and 12,683.2 tons in 3,901 air sorties.
  • Maximum Kurdish refugee count in tent cities, 57,350, May 24, 1991.
  • U.S. relief: 4.79 million prepackaged ration meals and 2,687.5 tons of bulk food; 200,717 gallons of water; 211,788 blankets; and 23,500 tents.

    (From the 1991 "Defense Almanac")



    U.N. Security Council Resolutions Against Iraq
  • Resolution 660, Aug. 2, 1990: Condemns Iraqi invasion of Kuwait (Vote 14-0-1 abstention):
  • Resolution 661, Aug. 6: Imposes economic sanctions against Iraq (13-0-2):
  • Resolution 662, Aug. 9: Declares Iraqi annexation of Kuwait null and void, (15-0):
  • Resolution 664, Aug. 18: Calls for the immediate release of foreigners from Iraq and Kuwait (15-0):
  • Resolution 665 1st half and 2nd half, Aug. 25: Authorizes the use of force to halt maritime shipping to and from Iraq (13-0-2):
  • Resolution 666, Sept. 13: Establishes guidelines for humanitarian aid to Iraq and Kuwait (13-0-2):
  • Resolution 667, Sept. 16: Condemns Iraq and demands protection of diplomatic personnel (15-0):
  • Resolution 669, Sept. 24: Authorizes examination of requirements for economic assistance under U.N. Article 50 (15-0):
  • Resolution 670, Sept. 25: Condemns Iraq and confirms economic embargo, including air (14-1):
  • Resolution 674, Oct. 29: Condemns Iraq and calls for release of third-country nationals and provision of food (13-0-2):
  • Resolution 677, Nov. 28: Condemns Iraqi attempts to alter Kuwaiti demographics, (15-0):
  • Resolution 678, Nov. 29: Authorizes the use of force to uphold resolutions unless Iraq withdraws by Jan. 15, 1991, deadline (12-2-1):
  • Resolution 686, March 2, 1991: Demands Iraq cease all hostile action as and abide by resolutions (11-1-3):
  • Resolution 687, April 3: Sets forth permanent cease-fire (12-1-2):

    The U.N. Security Council has passed numerous resolutions in the ensuing years that stem from Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait.

    (From the 1991 "Defense Almanac.")



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