FIRE SUPPORT DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
You have a FSCOORD at each echelon of command from company through brigade. He is called the company, battalion, or brigade FSO. At brigade level, the DS battalion commander is the FSCOORD; his full-time assistant is the brigade FSO. The FSO's first obligation is to provide you with fire support that accomplishes your mission and keeps our soldiers alive in combat. His place of duty is where he best meets your needs or objectives. The FSO is in charge of the FSE. The size of your FSE depends on its tactical mission. It should be near, or collocated with, your TOC so that the FSO can easily coordinate with your staff elements. Each time you sit down with your S3 to discuss current or future plans, concepts, or courses of action (COA), your FSO should be there. At each echelon from company to corps level, your FSO or FSCOORD uses principles and guidelines to synchronize fire support with the TOC.
Other duties and responsibilities associated with your battle staff are discussed below.
The combined arms commander's duties include- -
- Ensuring your guidance for
fire support is clear. What do you want fires to accomplish, where
do you want the fires, and when do you want the fires.
- Synchronizing fire support
with the scheme of maneuver.
- Ensuring your staff comes together
to integrate obstacles, reconnaissance and surveillance (R&S),
fires, and maneuver.
- Approving the fires paragraph, high-payoff
target list (HPTL), and the attack guidance matrix (AGM).
your company or team (tm) commanders to know, understand, and
execute targets in their zones.
- Clearing indirect fires (usually
charged to the FSO). (For additional information on the clearance
of fires in the close battle, see Appendix F.)
maneuver brigade executive officer (XO) conducts the brigade targeting
maneuver brigade S2's duties are to- -
- Identify HVTs.
- Participate in the brigade
- Develop an R&S plan that
synchronizes targeting requirements with available collection
- Target known and suspected
- Coordinate with electronic
warfare for the nonlethal attack of targets.
- Assist in identifying HPTs.
The maneuver brigade S3's
duties are to- -
- Select combined arms engagement
areas to kill the enemy.
- Develop the synchronization
matrix that includes FS.
- Develop a decision support
template (DST) with input from FSO.
- Conduct combined arms rehearsals
that fully synchronize fire plan with the scheme of maneuver.
- Approve positioning of artillery
assets in the brigade zone.
- Conduct the brigade targeting
meeting in the absence of brigade XO.
- Help identify HPTs.
DS FA battalion commander is the FSCOORD for the supported brigade.
His duties and responsibilities are to- -
- Ensure accurate, timely,
and effective delivery of FA fires.
- Participate with the brigade
- Approve the DS battalion
field artillery support plan (FASP).
- Collocate with the brigade
commander during execution of a plan.
- Participate in the brigade
brigade FSO's duties and responsibilities are as follows:
- With the brigade S3's help,
integrates fire support into the commander's scheme of maneuver.
- Advises the brigade commander
and the brigade staff on the status of FS assets, their capabilities
and limitations, and mission.
- Participates in the tactical
decision-making process as a member of the battle staff.
- Recommends FSCMs to support
the scheme of maneuver.
- Plans fires to support, augment,
and enhance critical obstacles and breaching operations.
- During war gaming, puts the
targets to acetate. Develops HPTL, with the S2 and S3,
for the commander's approval.
- Determines FS assets available.
From this assessment, the FSO recommends and helps coordinate
priorities and allocations of fire support.
- Studies the enemy situation.
With the help of the S2, he recommends what targets to attack
(HPTs), when to attack them, and with what munitions.
- Integrates all FS agencies
supporting the overall FS plan.
- Anticipates changes dictated
by the developing battle. Recommends and coordinates revisions
to the FS plan.
- Directs the attack of targets
in the priority established by you.
- Coordinates the FS assets
in your brigade zone.
- Keeps his higher and lower
FSEs or FSOs informed of the situation.
- Establishes, operates, and
displaces the FSE.
- Supervises the TA effort of
the FSE. Reports information to you and your staff, especially on enemy and friendly
- Helps you determine your priorities
for TA employment.
- Prepares, synchronizes, and
executes your FS plan.
- Prepares the fire support
execution matrix (FSEM).
- Coordinates with the brigade
engineer for the employment of FA delivered family of scatterable
- Plans for and monitors the
employment of COLT teams in support of brigade operations.
- Monitors and processes requests
for fire support and analyzes targets for attack by fire support.
- Coordinates and clears fires
- With the ADA officer's help,
plans for the SEAD coincident with the employment of CAS and Army
- Assists the maneuver commander
in the clearance of fires.
- Participates in the brigade
- Participates in the brigade's
combined arms rehearsal and the FS rehearsal.
- Consolidates refined TF target
lists from FSOs, resolves target duplications, and produces the
final target list.
plans/targeting officer is responsible for- -
- Assisting the brigade FSO
in his duties.
- Providing staff coordination
of TA assets attached, assigned, or placed under OPCON to brigade.
He also develops the AGM for the brigade commander's approval.
- With the brigade S2's help,
producing the TSS matrix for TA assets supporting the brigade.
- Participating in the brigade
The FSO performs the same
duties as the brigade FSO with the following additions and exceptions:
- Coordinates with the TF
S2 and S3 for the development of HVTs and HPTs.
- Recommends FSCMs to support
the battalion's mission.
- Participates in the TF tactical
- Modifies the HPTL and the
commander's attack guidance to meet the commander's overall intent.
- Plans targets that facilitate
rapid engagement by both trained and untrained observers.
- Participates in the brigade
and TF combined arms rehearsals.
- Participates in the FS rehearsal.
- Ensures company or team
FSOs and all other applicable FSOs, assigned or attached, participate
in combined arms rehearsals.
- Plans mortar fires and recommends
mortar positions to support the scheme of maneuver.
- Coordinates fires across
- Keeps the commander informed
on mortar and artillery ammunition and tube status during the
- Coordinates requests for
additional fire support.
Your FSO may have several
technical advisors collocated in the FSE to plan and coordinate
your fire support. Representatives may include the following:
- The S3 air receives,
coordinates, and processes all close air requests. He advises
the Air Force TACP of the ground tactical situation and other
important Army information. At brigade level, the S3 air prioritizes
close air requests.
- The ALO provides expertise
on and monitors requests for CAS and air interdiction. He keeps
the FSO informed of the current status of available air support.
He coordinates the employment of Army aviation resources when
placed under OPCON of other maneuver HQ.
- The ADA representative
provides information on the status of air defense artillery and
coordinates airspace control with the FSO.
- The naval gunfire liaison
officer (NGLO) is the liaison officer with the naval task
force. He advises, monitors, and approves requests for NGF. At
maneuver battalion level, the liaison officer is called the supporting
arms liaison team (SALT) officer. Two firepower control teams
(FCTs) are available to maneuver companies to request, observe,
and adjust NGF.
- The engineer officer
is responsible for planning FA delivered FASCAM and coordinating
with the FSO for emplacement. Additionally, he is responsible
for coordinating FS coverage of key mine fields and obstacles.
When the FASCAM is emplaced, the engineer officer determines the
FASCAM safety box and disseminates the scatterable mine report.
As planned locations become emplaced obstacles, he must ensure
target locations are adjusted.
- The mortar platoon leader
provides technical and tactical information to the FSO.
- The foreign liaison officer
bridges the communication gap between your force and his.
- The EW officer (brigade
level only) coordinates EW activities to obtain maximum benefits.
- A chemical officer synchronizes
smoke and other chemical with the FS plan.
Your FSO should be the chief
coordinator and spokesman for the FSE. Coordinating duties for
FSE members include the following:
- Provide safeguards to friendly
troops, vessels, aircraft, and installations.
- Use all appropriate fire support
- Furnish the necessary type
of fire support requested.
- Avoid unnecessary duplication
- Coordinate required airspace for the FS systems.
- Rapidly coordinate targets
at all echelons and adjacent units.
The company or team commander
is the actual executor of the plan. He is normally tasked, either
in the fires paragraph, FSEM, or paragraph 3b of the OPORD, responsibility
for specific targets. The company or team commander's responsibilities
include the following:
- Ensures assigned targets are
refined, observed, rehearsed, and fired according to the commander's
scheme of fires.
- Is responsible for positioning
FS personnel, to include associated equipment, where they can
best initiate and execute the fire plan.
- Ensures his FSO attends all
combined arms rehearsals and participates in FS rehearsals.
|NOTE. Remember, normally the company or team FSO is a 2LT. It is to your advantage to include him in all company- or team-level training. This includes platoon FOs as well, He may be assigned to the DS battalion in garrison; but in war, he will be responsible for fire support for your entire company or team.|
The company FSO has the same
duties and responsibilities as the TF FSO with the following exceptions:
- Refines brigade and TF targets
assigned to the company or team by adjusting the grid on the basis
of ground truth and the commander's guidance.
NOTE. If you begin
a battle and no refinements have been made to the original target
list, then you are in for a long day. Remember the brigade and
TF FSOs normally originate their targets from a map, not the actual
- Plans fires in support of
the company or team mission.
- Briefs the fires portion of the
company or team OPORD.
to the company or team commander the positioning of the fire support
team vehicle (FISTV).
- Recommends the positioning
of observers to ensure the execution of assigned targets.
- Participates in the brigade,
TF, or company combined arms rehearsals.
Do not let him plan in a vacuum.
Make him part of your planning process. Make him coordinate with
your staff for the following:
- Moving artillery units within
- Positioning artillery units
within the brigade.
- Sharing administrative, logistical,
and medical support between his units and yours.
NOTE. Be cautious of complex fire plans. If you cannot remember the details, the fire plan is probably too complicated. Every leader should know the fire plan. It should be simple enough for all of your platoon leaders and scouts to memorize. It should have simple control measures and targets on easily identifiable terrain. A target planned on each grid square is worthless. To check targeting, ensure it is on the FSEM, has a purpose, and has an observer assigned. Remember, have the FSO constantly update and delete targets.
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