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Appendix G

Civil Affairs Area Study and Assessment Format

The area study is a process common to all ARSOF. Area study files contain information on a designated area. This information supports contingency and SO planning in areas assigned to U.S. forces. SOF personnel obtain, analyze, and record information in advance of need. They update the study as required through an area assessment. An area study has no single format. The information acquired through the area study supports the area assessment. An area assessment begins with receipt of the mission. CA area assessments that support other SOF should supplement, not repeat, information in the basic area study. To ensure coverage of all functional areas, refer to the sample sequence of functions shown in Figure G-1. When a CA area study is prepared separately, the "General" section is used as a basic document.

Figure G-1. Functional Areas in Civil Affairs Area Study and Assessment

  1. GENERAL.
    1. Geography.
      1. Location and size.
        1. Location in relation to neighboring countries.
        2. Total land area (square miles or kilometers [size in relation to a U.S. state]).

      2. Physical features.
        1. Waterways and ports.
        2. Topography.
        3. Natural resources.
        4. Road and rail nets.

      3. Climate.
        1. Seasonal abnormalities, temperature, atmospheric pressure, humidity, rainfall, and prevailing winds.
        2. Characteristics and statistics.

      4. Political geography.
        1. Politically organized areas and regions.
        2. Effectiveness of administration of political areas in relation to geographic boundaries.
        3. Cities and towns.
        4. Boundaries.
        5. Sources of raw material.
        6. Principles or traditions that command loyal support.
        7. State of industrial development.

    2. History.
      1. Brief history of--
        1. The development of the area.
        2. Influence exerted by major powers in development.
        3. Divisions or partitions resulting from wars and treaties.
        4. Major geographic or political factors to the current status of the area.
        5. Present form of government and previous forms of government.
        6. Extent of political control over other areas.
        7. Degree of control over the population exercised by government.
        8. Susceptibility of existing government toward major powers.
        9. Political organization of the area.

      2. Brief coverage of each--
        1. International treaty to which subject area or country is signatory.
        2. Status of forces agreement.
        3. Summary pronouncement of national policy pertinent to the subject area or country.

    3. People.
      1. Population.
        1. Numbers.
        2. Distribution and density.
        3. Birth and death rates.
        4. Biographical sketches of prominent personalities.
          1. (1)    Name.

            (2)    Address.

            (3)    Business, profession, or occupation.

            (4)    Political affiliation.

            (5)    Education.

            (6)    Religion.

      2. Culture and social structure.
        1. Culture.
          1. (1)    History, government, and geography as they affect the cultural makeup of the people.

              (a)    Events and facts considered most important.

              (b)    Traditionally conducted activities, beliefs, or situations.

            (2)    Heroes and leaders of groups, with reasons for special esteem.

            (3)    Ethnic groups (racial, tribal, or religious) and population distribution (rural or urban with ratios of age, sex, and imported or exported labor forces).

            (4)    Majority or minority groups (unique challenges or conditions).

            (5)    Moral codes.

            (6)    Attitudes toward age, sex, race.

            (7)    Influences on personality development.

            (8)    Individuality.

            (9)    Privacy.

            (10)    Nature of the people's perceptions.

            (11)    Clothing.

            (12)    Fatalism or self-determination.

            (13)    Values in economic philosophy (cooperation, competition, respect for personal and private property).

        2. Social structure.
          1. (1)    Status of male and female, by age.

            (2)    Humor, entertainment.

            (3)    Community participation.

            (4)    Exchange of gifts.

            (5)    Public displays of emotion.

            (6)    Lines of authority.

            (7)    Cooperation versus competition, including economics.

            (8)    The family.

              (a)    Roles and status of family members.

              (b)    Nuclear or extended.

              (c)    Authority, obedience, place, and expectations of members.

              (d)    Place in society.

              (e)    Inheritance customs.

              (f)    Entrance rites and rituals.

              (g)    Markers of social change, adulthood, special activities.

            (9)    Dating and marriage.

              (a)    Age standards.

              (b)    Influence of family and peers.

              (c)    Common dating practices, courtship activities.

              (d)    Chaperones, group dating.

              (e)    Engagement customs.

              (f)    Divorce, separation, aloneness.

              (g)    Sexual mores.

            (10)    Greetings.

              (a)    Conversation and gestures on meeting.

              (b)    Distinctive approaches for greetings.

              (c)    Compliments given or received.

              (d)    Space and time (standing, sitting, distance between people).

              (e)    Farewell and leave-taking.

              (f)    Use of first name versus titles.

              (g)    Favorite, familiar, or pleasing phrases.

            (11)    Visiting practices.

              (a)    Conversations.

                1 Topics.

                2 Appropriate part of visit.

                3 Attitude, rate, pitch, and tone.

              (b)    Gifts.

              (c)    Compliments on possessions, family, and children.

              (d)    Parties and other social events.

              (e)    Business discussions.

              (f)    Mannerisms, gestures, posture, eye contact, and facial expressions.

            (12)    Eating practices.

              (a)    Table manners (before, during, and after the meal).

              (b)    Average diet, meal size, and scheduling.

              (c)    Specific foods reserved for special occasions or rituals.

              (d)    Forbidden foods.

              (e)    Social and other occasions.

              (f)    Unique problems and challenges.

            (13)    Work and recreation.

              (a)    Age, sex, status, and hierarchy.

              (b)    Schedules.

              (c)    Obligations, successes, or failures.

              (d)    Business codes.

              (e)    Bribes.

              (f)    Family, cultural, and social recreation, vacation, and sports.

              (g)    Individual recreation (age and sex exclusions and variations).

              (h)    Distinctive arts and sciences.

              (i)    Well-known artists, athletes, and others.

        3. Do's and don'ts (item or area that could embarrass or hurt the commander's mission if handled improperly. Include a quick reference for the commander and a starting point for briefing troops. This section may include items previously mentioned).

      3. Languages.
        1. Map showing distribution.
        2. Minority groups.
        3. Standardization of languages.

      4. Religion.
        1. Religious sects (number, key leaders, and geographic locations).
        2. Funeral and burial practices.
        3. Religious problems.
        4. Eating and dietary habits.
        5. Sexual mores, including interrelations and intermarriages with alien personnel.
        6. Written and unwritten laws of conduct and human behavior.

    4. U.S. Interests.
      1. U.S. military units and teams in the area and their activities.
      2. U.S. Government organizations in the area and their interests.
      3. U.S. civilian organizations and interests in the area.
      4. Legal agreements and treaties.
      5. Trade and commercial interests.

    5. FN Support.
      1. C2.
        1. Space and facilities at echelons above corps.
        2. C2 of other functional areas.
        3. Area security.
        4. Dislocated civilians.
        5. Battlefield circulation control communications.
          1. (1)    Use of communications systems.

            (2)    Repair of communications systems.

            (3)    Cable construction and repair.

      2. Combat service support.
        1. Use of FN transportation and distribution systems, including highways, railways, waterways, ports (public and private).
        2. Use of FN buildings.
        3. Civilian services (laundry, bath, bakery, food, water).
        4. Depot operations and depot maintenance.
        5. Material-handling equipment.
        6. Labor.
          1. (1)    Skilled.

            (2)    Manual.

            (3)    Agricultural.

            (4)    Male or female.

            (5)    Draft exemption for U.S. employees.

            (6)    Third country (labor necessity, availability, and quantity).

            (7)    Screened by intelligence.

            (8)    Linguists and interpreters.

            (9)    Salary (standard wages).

            (10)    Workday.

      3. Mobility and Survivability.
        1. Repair of railroads, highways, and pipelines.
        2. Obstacle construction.
        3. Contract guard services.
        4. Decontamination.
        5. Port facilities and repair.
        6. Barrier and construction materials.

      4. Medical.
        1. Hospitals (facilities and beds).
        2. Medical evacuation.
        3. Medical supplies and equipment.

      5. 5. FN POC for U.S. forces and procedures.
      6. Impact of U.S. presence on the FN economy.

  2. LEGAL.
    1. System of Laws.
      1. Civil and criminal codes.
        1. Origins.
        2. Procedures.
        3. Penalties.

      2. Political crimes.

    2. Administration of Justice.
      1. Historical development.
      2. Agencies (national and local).
      3. Courts and tribunals (types of jurisdiction [including administrative tribunals]).
      4. Judicial procedures.
      5. Personnel.
        1. Judiciary.
        2. Prosecutors.
        3. The Bar.
        4. Legal training.
        5. Political controls.

  3. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION.
    1. General System of Public Administration.
      1. Political traditions.
      2. Political stability.
      3. Standards and effectiveness.
      4. Constitutional system.
      5. Civil rights and practices.
      6. Political factions, movements, and dynamics.

    2. Structure of National Government.
      1. Executive branch.
        1. Organization.
        2. Powers.
        3. Policies.
        4. Administration.

      2. Legislative branch.
        1. Organization.
        2. Powers.
        3. Composition of membership.
        4. Pressure groups.

      3. Judicial branch.
        1. Organization.
        2. Powers.

      4. Methods of selection of key officials.
      5. Biographical sketches of key officials.
        1. Name.
        2. Address.
        3. Position in government.
        4. Political affiliation.
        5. Education.
        6. Religion.
        7. Former business, profession, or occupation.
        8. Attitude toward the United States.

      6. Potential officials and biographical sketches.

    3. Structure of Government at Other Levels.
      1. Province or state.
      2. District.
      3. City.
      4. Relations with national government.
      5. Biographical sketches of key officials, potential officials, and other influential persons.
        1. Name.
        2. Address.
        3. Position.
        4. Political affiliation.
        5. Education.
        6. Religion.
        7. Former business, profession, or occupation.
        8. Attitude toward the United States.

    4. Armed Forces.
      1. Historical background.
      2. Organization, size, and mission.
        1. Defense establishment.
        2. Army.
        3. Navy.
        4. Air Force.
        5. Paramilitary forces.
        6. Political control and effectiveness.

      3. General military policy.
      4. International treaties.
      5. Foreign influence.
      6. Military establishment and the national economy.
        1. Defense budget.
        2. Percentage of total budget.
        3. Military pay.

      7. Quality and source of manpower.
        1. Key officers and qualifications.
        2. Recruitment.
        3. Conscription.
        4. Reserves.
        5. Training.
        6. Mobilization plans.

      8. Logistics.
      9. Weapons and equipment.
      10. Ranks, uniforms, and insignia.
      11. Loyalty and morale factors.
      12. Military justice.

    5. Political Parties.
      1. Strength and capabilities.
      2. Organization.
      3. Policies and objectives.
      4. Biographical sketches of leaders.
      5. Training.
      6. Role in international communist movement.
      7. Relation to domestic government.
      8. Internal party politics.

    6. International Affairs.
      1. Agencies.
      2. Foreign relations.
      3. Relations with international organizations.

  4. PUBLIC EDUCATION.
    1. Organization.
      1. National level.
      2. Other levels (province, state, district).
      3. Biographical sketches of key personnel.
      4. Philosophy guiding the educational systems.

    2. General Conditions and Problems.
      1. General development of the area's educational system.
      2. Requirements placed upon individuals.
      3. Significant achievements in recent years.
      4. Educational level of population.

    3. Agencies, Institutions, and Programs.
      1. Government agencies and policies.
      2. Educational systems and facilities.
        1. Administration and controls.
        2. Preschool, kindergarten, and primary schools.
        3. Secondary schools.
        4. Vocational and special schools.
        5. Higher education.
        6. Teacher education.
        7. Private schools.
        8. Adult education.

      3. Evaluation of educational system.
      4. Private and public organizations.
        1. Influence and pressure groups.
        2. Youth organizations.
        3. Religious groups.

    4. Influence of Politics on Education.

  5. PUBLIC HEALTH.
    1. Organization.
      1. National level.
      2. Other levels.
      3. Biographical sketches of key personnel.

    2. General Conditions and Problems.
    3. Agencies and Institutions.
      1. Hospitals.
        1. Number.
        2. Capacity (number of beds).
        3. Location and condition of facilities.

      2. Other medical facilities.
        1. Public.
        2. Private.

    4. Medical Personnel.
      1. Numbers (doctors and nurses).
      2. Location.
      3. Training.
      4. Traditional medical practices (native medicine, theory of disease, and religious beliefs).

    5. Medical Equipment and Supplies.
      1. Surgical and dental equipment.
      2. Testing equipment.
      3. Drugs.
        1. Availability.
        2. Shortages.

      4. Other supplies.

    6. Diseases.
      1. Predominant types.
      2. Control programs.

    7. Environmental Sanitation.
      1. Regulations governing food and drugs.
      2. Water control and supply.
      3. Disposal of sewage and waste.

    8. Public Welfare.
      1. Organization.
        1. National level.
        2. Other levels.
        3. Biographical sketches of key personnel.

      2. Major social problems.
        1. Juvenile delinquency.
        2. Alcohol and narcotics abuse.
        3. Unemployment.
        4. Poverty and dependency.

      3. Public assistance.
        1. Basis upon which granted.
        2. Types of relief and medical care provided.

      4. Agencies, institutions, and programs.
        1. Social insurance.
        2. Health insurance.
        3. Accident insurance.
        4. Old age, disability, and survivors' pensions.
        5. Unemployment.
        6. Family assistance.
        7. Other.

      5. Welfare services (government and private).
        1. Child welfare (adoption, maternal).
        2. Emergency and war relief.
        3. Relief and public assistance.
          1. (1)    For mentally and physically handicapped.

            (2)    For aged and indigent.

      6. Institutions.
        1. Orphanages (number, location, and capacity).
        2. Homes for the aged (number, locations, and capacity).
        3. Mental institutions (number, locations, and capacity).
        4. Physical therapy (number and location).

      7. Programs.
        1. Recreational.
        2. Vocational.
        3. Health.
        4. Child care.

      8. Welfare personnel.
        1. Professional standards.
        2. Volunteer assistance.
        3. Number available by type of organization.

      9. Financial and legal.
        1. Financial plan (how funds are obtained).
        2. Laws and regulations.
        3. Organizational structure.

      10. Regulations governing public welfare.

  6. PUBLIC SAFETY.
    1. General Conditions and Problems (Primary consideration in this area is whether the existing institutions [police, fire, and penal] may be used to carry out the combat commander's primary mission and to provide the day-to-day control and bodily protection of the local population).
    2. Police System.
      1. Organizations at all levels.
        1. Types of police forces and criminal investigative agencies.
        2. Organization.
        3. Areas of responsibility and jurisdiction.
        4. Chain of command.
        5. Names and biographical sketches of key personnel.

      2. Equipment.
        1. Arms and special equipment.
        2. Modern crime-fighting equipment.
        3. Traffic control equipment.
        4. Riot control equipment.
        5. Police communications.
        6. Transportation.

      3. Personnel.
        1. Strength.
        2. Method of selection.
          1. (1)    Political, racial, and religious requirements.

            (2)    Reliability.

            (3)    Morale and state of training.

        3. Promotion basis.

      4. Functions and authority.
        1. Criminal action.
        2. Civil ordinances.
        3. Disorder and disaster control.

      5. Police regulations that differ from U.S. concept of law and order.
        1. General.
        2. Identification system.
        3. Restrictions on travel, gatherings, and curfews.
        4. Restrictions on ownership of firearms.

      6. Miscellaneous.
        1. Other methods of enforcing law and order, such as the influence of religious leaders, family ties, and role of the military.
        2. Psychological effect on the local population.

    3. Penal Institutions.
      1. National and local.
        1. Prisons and jails (number, location, and capacity).
        2. Concentration camps and labor camps (number, location, and capacity).

      2. Organization.
      3. Government agency exercising control.
      4. Inmate breakdown.
        1. Political (reliability and future use in the U.S. cause).
        2. Criminal.
        3. Juvenile.
        4. Sex.

      5. Adequacy (sanitary and health conditions).
      6. Treatment of prisoners.
      7. Probation.
      8. Parole.

    4. Fire Protection.
      1. Organization (in general, the same as for the police).
      2. Equipment.
        1. Type, location, and adequacy of existing equipment and facilities.
        2. Adaptability of local military firefighting equipment.

      3. Personnel.
        1. Strength and mode of selection.
        2. Training status and efficiency.
        3. Names and political reliability of key personnel.

      4. Miscellaneous.
        1. Particular problems in certain areas, such as overcrowded cities, narrow streets, and local water pressure.
        2. Possible use of equipment in controlling riots and other public disasters.

  7. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.
    1. General Conditions and Problems.
    2. Public Finance.
      1. Organization.
        1. National level.
        2. Other levels.
        3. Biographical sketches of key personnel.

      2. Policies.
        1. Fiscal and economic policies.
        2. Special conditions and policies.
        3. Accounting systems used.

      3. Monetary System.
        1. Currency.
        2. Reserves or backing of currency.
        3. Issuing authorities.
        4. Stability of currency.
        5. Controls.
        6. Exchange rates.
        7. Government authorities.
        8. Other legal instruments of exchange.
        9. Other means of exchange, such as the black market.

      4. Budgetary system and current budget.
        1. Current budget.
        2. Budgetary analysis.
        3. Governing authorities and controls.
        4. Analysis of budgetary procedures.
        5. Patterns of expenditure and distribution.

      5. Sources of government income.
        1. Analysis of taxation (amount of taxes collected, method of collection, and type of taxes).
        2. Formulation of tax policies.
        3. Investments.
        4. Other sources of government income.

      6. Financial Institutions.
        1. Banking institutions (facilities, location, capital, and credit policies).
        2. Investment institutions.
          1. (1)    Stock institutions.

            (2)    Controlling authorities and control exercised.

            (3)    Miscellaneous investment companies.

        3. Insurance companies (number, size, and location).
        4. Specialized savings institutions.

      7. Foreign exchange (balance of trade, controls, and restrictions).
      8. Applicable laws and regulations.

    3. Economics and Commerce.
      1. Description of economic system.
        1. Private enterprise.
        2. Public enterprise.
        3. Biographical sketches of key officials and business leaders.

      2. National economic policy and controls.
      3. Goals and programs.
        1. Short-range.
        2. Intermediate-range.
        3. Long-range.

      4. Summary of important trade agreements and extent of participation in world trade.
      5. Resources.
        1. Natural.
        2. Developed.
        3. Human.
        4. Self-sufficiency, dependency, substitution.

      6. Extent of development.
        1. Capabilities of infrastructure.
        2. Capabilities of industry and power.
        3. Capabilities of agriculture.
        4. Capabilities of service sector.

      7. Statistics.
        1. Per capita (income, savings, consumer spending).
        2. Aggregate (gross national product, national income).
        3. Ratios (unemployment, productivity, occupations).
        4. Validity of statistics (when compiled).

      8. Internal movement of goods.
      9. Exports and imports.
        1. Type.
        2. Quantity.
        3. Market.
        4. Influence.

      10. 10. Commerce.
        1. Domestic trade.
          1. (1)    Wholesale and retail distribution system.

            (2)    Markets and fairs.

            (3)    Weights and measures standards.

            (4)    Cooperatives and public markets.

        2. Foreign trade.
          1. (1)    Principal items of export and import.

            (2)    Tariff system, customs, duties.

            (3)    Trade agreements.

            (4)    Balance of payments.

      11. Industries.
        1. Location of main industrial centers.
        2. Names of important companies.
        3. Labor (skills and distribution).
        4. Power sources and capacities.
        5. Manufacturing industries.
        6. Types (machinery, chemical, textile).
        7. Locations (province, city).
        8. Processing industries (types, locations, and capacities).

      12. Agencies, institutions, and programs.
        1. Government organization.
        2. Trade associations and chambers of commerce.
        3. Laws governing commerce and industry.
        4. Subsidies and monopolies.

      13. Price control and rationing.
        1. Stabilization.
        2. Variation of prices.
        3. Control measures and techniques.
        4. Commodities under price control.
        5. Distribution.

          (1)    Essential commodities.

          (2)    Imports and exports.

          (3)    Ration controls.

          (4)    Production and distribution.

          (5)    Effect on demands.

          (6)    Types and status of markets.

      14. Control systems.
        1. (1)    Price-control program.

          (2)    Rationing program.

          (3)    Raw materials.

          (4)    Financial.

      15. Legislation.
        1. (1)    Price-control legislation and items subject to price control.

          (2)    Rationing legislation and items subject to rationing.

    4. Labor.
      1. Organization.
        1. National level.
        2. Other levels.
        3. Key personnel with biographical sketches.

      2. Labor force.
        1. Employment data and trends.
        2. Available manpower and labor supply by special classes.
        3. Ages and distribution.
        4. Unemployment.
        5. Labor productivity.

      3. Agencies, institutions, and programs.
        1. Government labor policy.
          1. (1)    Labor laws and working conditions.

            (2)    Role of government.

            (3)    Government job placement controls.

            (4)    Wages and other incentives.

        2. Labor organizations.
          1. (1)    Organizations (type, size, location, leadership, and political influence).

            (2)    Membership.

            (3)    Relations with foreign or international labor organizations.

            (4)    Total potential labor force (type, distribution, mobility, and ages).

        3. Social insurance.
        4. Labor disputes, including mechanisms for settling.

      4. Wages and standards, including hours and working conditions.

  8. CIVILIAN SUPPLY.
    1. General Conditions and Problems (Peculiarities of climate and geography that might influence civilian supply).
    2. Storage, Refrigeration, and Processing Facilities.
      1. Storage space, available and required.
        1. Food.
        2. Other supplies.

      2. Refrigeration, available and required.
        1. Food.
        2. Other supplies.

    3. Distribution Channels.
      1. Food.
      2. Clothing.
      3. Essential durables.

    4. Dietary and Clothing Requirements and Customs.
      1. Food.
        1. Available.
        2. Required.

      2. Clothing.
        1. Available.
        2. Required.

      3. Customs that might influence civilian supply.

    5. Production Excesses and Shortages.

  9. PROPERTY CONTROL.
    1. General Conditions and Problems (Brief coverage on classification and administration of property, imposition of controls, and status of property records).
    2. Agricultural and Industrial Property.
      1. Type.
      2. Location.
      3. Ownership.
      4. Influence.

    3. Property Laws.
      1. Nature and complexity.
      2. Evidence of ownership.
        1. Methods of recording.
        2. Locations of title registers.
        3. Agencies established for registering ownership.

      3. Methods of transfer of ownership.
        1. Confiscations.
        2. Restoration to rightful owner.
        3. Restoration to custodian.

      4. Domestic and Foreign Ownership.
        1. Government.
          1. Type.
          2. Size.
          3. Location.

        2. Private.
          1. Type.
          2. Size.
          3. Location.

  10. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE.
    1. General Conditions and Problems.
      1. Importance of agriculture in total economy.
      2. Extent of agricultural productivity and self-sufficiency.
      3. Principal problems.
      4. Attitude of farm population.

    2. Agricultural Geography.
      1. Locations of principal farm areas.
      2. Types of soil.
      3. Influence of climate and topography.
      4. Types of crops.
      5. Farm to market road net.

    3. Agricultural Products and Processing.
      1. Livestock and dairy products (types, amounts, methods of processing, refrigeration, warehousing).
      2. Crops (types, amounts, methods of processing, storage).
      3. Poultry (types, amounts, methods of processing, storage, refrigeration).

    4. Agricultural Practices.
      1. Extent of mechanization.
      2. Improvement programs.
      3. Conservation programs.
      4. Pest and disease control.

    5. Land-Holding System and Reform Programs.
    6. Fisheries.
      1. Commercial (number, companies, location, type of fish, type of crafts, fishing areas, methods of processing, storage, annual production).
      2. Private (policy, rules, regulations, type of fish, fishing areas).
      3. Restocking program.
      4. Problem areas.

    7. Forestry.
      1. Reforestation programs.
      2. Importance of forestry to the country.
      3. Forestry service or administration.
      4. Hunting (control, laws, regulations, types of game).
      5. Products and their processing.

    8. Agencies, Institutions, and Programs.
      1. Government.
      2. Private.

    9. Food Production.
      1. Type.
      2. Quantity.
      3. Processing.
      4. Location, size, ownership of warehouses.
      5. Types and quantity of food supplies stored.

    10. Applicable Laws and Regulations Governing Food and Agriculture.

  11. PUBLIC COMMUNICATIONS.
    1. General Conditions and Problems.
    2. Postal System.
      1. Extent and frequency of service.
        1. Metropolitan.
        2. Rural.

      2. Censorship.
      3. Private carriers.
      4. Parcel post service.
      5. Other functions.
        1. Postal savings.
        2. Money order service.
        3. Issuance of licenses.
        4. Tax information service.

    3. Telephone.
      1. Exchanges and local service.
      2. Long-line systems and connecting grids.
      3. Priority usage.
      4. Censorship.
      5. Private systems.
      6. International and intercontinental wire and submarine cables.

    4. Telegraph.
      1. Exchanges and local service.
      2. Long-line systems and connecting grids.
      3. Priority usage.
      4. Censorship.
      5. Private systems.
      6. International and intercontinental wire and submarine cables.

    5. Radio and Television.
      1. Transmitting stations (number, type, and location).
      2. Channels, frequencies, and trunk lines.
      3. Hours of operation.
      4. Censorship.
      5. Propaganda usage.
      6. Foreign influence.
      7. Foreign broadcasts.
      8. Programming.

    6. Applicable Laws Governing Communications Systems.

  12. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION.
    1. General Conditions and Problems.
    2. Rail Transport.
      1. Railroad by type, gauge, and miles or kilometers.
      2. Type, number, and condition of rolling stock.
      3. Location of switchyards.
      4. Major rail terminals (number, size, location, and condition).

    3. Vehicular Transportation.
      1. Road (type, condition, and miles or kilometers).
      2. Street systems and condition.
      3. Vehicles and public conveyances by type, number, and ownership.

    4. Water Transportation.
      1. Size, location, type, use, and ownership of all floating vessels.
      2. Location of all port facilities and services.
      3. Identification of sea routes.
      4. Location and use of inland waterways.

    5. Air Transportation.
      1. Location, size, and use of all airfields.
      2. Number, size, use, and ownership of all aircraft.

    6. Pipelines.
    7. Travel.
      1. Status of tourist travel.
      2. Restrictions.
      3. Regulations.
      4. Volume by geographic area of people leaving and entering.
      5. Items of general importance common to all transportation systems.
        1. Ownership.
        2. Regulatory agencies and licenses.
        3. Financial structure.
        4. Administration.
        5. Operation and revenues.
        6. Maintenance.
        7. Trade associations.
        8. Personnel and labor relations.

      6. Elements relative to each specific transport system in detail.
        1. Location and mileage.
        2. Condition.
        3. Effect of seasonal variation.
        4. Special traffic hazards and problems.

  13. PUBLIC WORKS AND UTILITIES.
    1. General Conditions and Problems.
    2. Public Works.
      1. Public buildings, including hospitals (use, size, and location).
      2. Roads and streets.
      3. Bridges.
      4. Port facilities (harbors).
      5. Airports and railroad terminals.
      6. Mass housing.
      7. Dams (flood control).

    3. Public Utilities.
      1. Power system, including nuclear reactors and power-generating plants and distribution systems.
      2. Water system, including source dams, degree of pollution, filter plants, and ownership.
      3. Gas works (size, location, source, and ownership).
      4. Sewage-collection systems and disposal plants.
      5. Radioactive waste, garbage, and refuse disposal.
      6. Storm drainage systems.
      7. Items of general importance to all public works and utilities.
        1. Ownership.
        2. Regulating and licensing agencies.
        3. Financial structure.
        4. Administration.
        5. Operations and revenues.
        6. Maintenance.
        7. Trade associations.
        8. Personnel and labor relations.

      8. Elements relative to each specific public works or utility in detail.
        1. Locations of plants, line systems, nets, and connecting grids.
        2. Condition.
        3. New construction requirements.
        4. Available resources for construction.
        5. Priority of usage.

  14. XIV. CULTURAL RELATIONS.
    1. General Conditions and Problems.
    2. Cultural Affairs.
      1. Religions in the area.
        1. National.
        2. Organized.
        3. Unorganized (sects).
        4. Relations among religions and religious leaders, indigenous and missionary.

      2. Clergy.
        1. Number, location, and education of clergymen.
        2. Influence of religious leaders.

      3. Religious beliefs.
        1. Major tenets of each religion, including such concepts as--
          1. (1)    Faith.

            (2)    Impact of faith on life.

            (3)    Concept of the hereafter.

            (4)    Means of salvation.

            (5)    Rites of cleaning and purification.

            (6)    Impact of religions on value systems.

        2. Degree of religious conviction in lives of indigenous populace.

      4. Worship.
        1. Forms and significance of worship of each religion.
        2. Places of worship.
        3. Frequency of worship.

      5. Relationship between religion and motivation of indigenous people.
      6. Relationship between religion and transcultural communication.
      7. Socioeconomic influence of religion.
        1. Influence of religions on society.
        2. Economic influence of religions.
          1. (1)    Religious ownership of property and other possessions.

            (2)    Teachings of religions about private property.

      8. Interrelation with government.
        1. Relationship of religious leaders and government officials.
        2. Role of religions and religious leaders in armed forces.
        3. Political influence of religious leaders.

      9. Religious schools.
        1. Location, size, and attendance.
        2. Influence.
        3. Relationship to nonsecular schools.

    3. Arts, Monuments, and Archives.
      1. Description of conditions of the arts and monuments.
      2. Advancements over the past 10 years.
      3. Influence of outside countries.
      4. Arts.
        1. Location, type, use, and significance of the fine arts.
        2. Population attitude toward art treasures.
        3. Government policies and agencies dealing with the arts.
        4. Agencies through which arts are performed.
          1. (1)    Private.

            (2)    Government.

      5. Advancements in science.
      6. Artists' organizations and government control.
      7. Monuments.
        1. Location of historic monuments and sites.
        2. Present significance of historic monuments and sites.

      8. Archives.
        1. Location of archives.
        2. Varieties of archives.
          1. (1)    Public archives.

            (2)    Semipublic archives.

            (3)    Ecclesiastical archives.

            (4)    Private or family archives.

        3. Contents or category of archives.
          1. (1)    Historical.

            (2)    Current documents.

  15. CIVIL INFORMATION.
    1. General Conditions, Problems, and Stage of Development.
      1. Effect of geographic, social, economic, and political factors.
      2. Reading, listening, viewing habits.
      3. Rural-urban differences.
      4. Anticommunist appeal.
      5. International outlook.
      6. Techniques to measure impact.

    2. Newspapers, Periodicals, and Publishing Firms.
      1. Name.
      2. Location.
      3. Ownership.
      4. Circulation.
      5. Publication.
      6. Language.
      7. Editorial policies (political persuasion).
      8. Procedures.
      9. Employees.
      10. Equipment.
      11. Sources of supply.
      12. Revenue.

    3. Miscellaneous Means of Communications.
      1. Private printing facilities.
      2. Advertising agencies.
      3. Others.

  16. DISLOCATED CIVILIANS.
    1. Existing DC Population (If Any).
      1. Existing camps.
        1. Health and welfare.
        2. Responsible agency (national, international).
        3. Population (number, nationality).

      2. Anticipated duration of institutionalization.

    2. Potential Population Dislocation.
      1. Volume of dislocation by region.
      2. Direction of major flow.
      3. Troop support required per thousands of population.
      4. U.S. logistical support required (D-day plus 30, 60, 240).
      5. Special problems.

    3. Care and Control of DCs.
      1. Government and private agencies involved in displaced persons and refugee activities.
        1. Organization.
        2. Scope and powers.
        3. Relationships to international organization.
        4. Emergency reserve personnel adaptable to displaced persons and refugee activities.

      2. Policies and operations of area agencies handling dislocated civilians--by agency (if any).
        1. Policy and procedures concerning--
          1. (1)    Evacuation and control.

            (2)    Assembly center (or other grouping) administration.

            (3)    Camp or village security.

            (4)    Camp physical plant layout.

            (5)    Construction, materials, and engineering of physical plants.

            (6)    Health and medical care facilities.

            (7)    Supplies and food.

            (8)    Welfare services.

            (9)    Screening and indoctrination.

            (10)    Resettlement.

            (11)    Resources expenditure (available, used by area agencies, required by U.S. standards).

            (12)    Steps needed and resources required to convert existing facilities to U.S. standards for similar use.

        2. Biographical analysis of agency personnel.

  17. EMERGENCY SERVICES.
    1. General Conditions and Problems.
    2. Civil Defense.
      1. Organization.
        1. Civilian or military jurisdiction.
        2. Organization, rural and urban.
        3. Areas of responsibility of equipment.

      2. Plans.
        1. Status of planning.
        2. Evacuation and dispersal plans.

      3. Equipment.
        1. Warning and communication systems.
        2. Shelter capacity, location, adequacy, and status of equipment.
        3. Training facilities.
        4. Rehabilitation capabilities.
        5. Correlation with other civic agencies (fire, police, medical, military).

    3. Disaster Preparedness.
      1. Country's history of disasters (by type).
        1. Man-made (epidemic, fire, pollution, dam breaks).
        2. Natural (hurricane, tornado, earthquake, volcanic eruption, drought).

      2. Relief supplies needed or provided (by what country).
      3. Organization.
        1. Government agency responsible for disaster preparedness.
        2. Government agency responsible for disaster relief operations.
        3. Nongovernment agencies with whom prior coordination has been effected (Lions Club, church groups, Rotary Club).
        4. HN organizational diagram.
        5. Role of the military in civil defense.

      4. Emergency procedures and relief facilities.
        1. Identified emergency centers (gyms, schools).
        2. Hospital surge capabilities.
        3. Medical staff requirements (doctors, nurses).
        4. Communications systems.

      5. Disaster relief.
        1. Disaster relief materials and assets available.
          1. (1)    Supplies and foodstuffs.

            (2)    Materials.

            (3)    Medicine (medical supplies).

            (4)    Heavy equipment (construction).

            (5)    Contractor (transportation, water storage, power generation).

            (6)    Transportation assets (air, ground, water).

            (7)    Mobile power generation (generators and size).

            (8)    Labor.

            (9)    Emergency shelters.

            (10)    Money.

            (11)    Water treatment and storage.

            (12)    Mobile medical units and hospitals.

        2. Emergency transportation network analysis.
          1. (1)    Assumptions.

            (2)    Roads, railways, airports, and other transportation networks that have sustained damage in previous disasters.

      6. In-country POCs, by position and telephone number.
        1. U.S. POCs (Embassy, USAID).
        2. HN POCs (with telephone numbers).

  18. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT.
    1. General Conditions and Problems.
    2. Pollution Control and Environmental Management Organizations.
    3. Laws and Regulations.
    4. Sources of Pollution.
      1. Air.
      2. Water.
      3. Soil.

    5. Health Hazard.
      1. Immediate and present threats.
      2. Near term.
      3. Mid-term.
      4. Long term.



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