Military

Glossary

SECTION I ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

ACE 		analysis and control element
AO 		area of operations
AR 		army regulation
ARSOF 		Army special operations forces
C2 		command and control
CA 		civil affairs
CI 		counterintelligence
CIA 		Central Intelligence Agency
CJCS 		Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
CMAC 		civil-military advisory committee
CMO 		civil-military operations
CMOC 		civil-military operations center
DEET 		N, N-Diethyl-meta-Toluamide (an insect repellent)
DOD 		Department of Defense
FOCO 		see FOCO theory (under terms)
GPS 		global positioning system
GWOT 		Global War on Terrorism
FARC 		Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (a Nicaraguan insurgent group)
FMLN 		Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (an insurgent group in El Salvador)
HMMWV 		high-mobility, multipurpose, wheeled vehicle
HN 		host nation
HUMINT 		human intelligence
IDAD 		internal defense and development
IED 		improvised explosive device
INFOSYS 	information systems
IO 		information operations
IPB 		intelligence preparation of the battlefield
ISR 		intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance
JFC 		joint force commander
JSOTF 		joint special operations task force
MASINT 		measurement and signature intelligence
MEDEVAC 	medical evacuation
MEJA 		Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act
METT-TC 	memory aid used in two contexts: (1) in the context of information management,
		the major subject categories into which relevant information is grouped for military
		operations: mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and support available,
		time available, civil considerations (see FM 6-0); (2) in the context of tactics,
		the major factors considered during mission analysis (see FM 3-90)
MIDLIFE 	memory aid for military, intelligence, diplomatic, law enforcement, information,
		finance, and economic
MOS 		military occupational specialty
NGO 		nongovernmental organization
NVA 		North Vietnamese Army
ODA 		operational detachment-Alpha
OP 		observation post
PICAC 		police intelligence collection and analysis council
PSYOP 		psychological operations
PULHES 		physical profile serial code (numerical)
REMBASS 		remotely monitored battlefield sensor system
ROE 		rules of engagement
S-2 		intelligence staff officer
S-3 		operations staff officer
SA 		security assistance
SGT 		sergeant
SOCCE 		special operations command and control element
SOF 		special operations forces
SOP 		standing operating procedure
SP 		start point
STRESS 		memory aid for the Army method of detainee field processing: search, tag, report,
		evacuate, segregate, safeguard
TA 		target audience
TBD 		to be determined
TF 		task force
TPT 		tactical psychological operations team
TTP 		tactics, techniques, and procedures
UAV 		unmanned aerial vehicle
UCMJ 		Uniform Code of Military Justice
UN 		United Nations
US 		United States
USAID 		United States Agency for International Development
VC 		Viet Cong
VCR 		videocassette recorder

SECTION I ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

considerations - The manmade infrastructure, civilian institutions, and attitudes and activities of the civilian leaders, populations, and organizations within an area of operations influence the conduct of military operations. (FM 6-0)

civil-military operations - (joint) The activities of a commander that establish, maintain, influence, or exploit relations between military forces, governmental and nongovernmental civilian organizations and authorities, and the civilian populace in a friendly, neutral, or hostile operational area in order to facilitate military operations, to consolidate and achieve US objectives. Civil-military operations may include performance by military forces of activities and functions normally the responsibility of the local, regional, or national government. These activities may occur prior to, during, or subsequent to other military actions. They may also occur, if directed, in the absence of other military operations. Civil-military operations may be performed by designated civil affairs, by other military forces, or by a combination of civil affairs and other forces. (JP 1-02)

class VIII - (joint) Medical supplies [One of ten categories (classes of supply) into which supplies are grouped to facilitate supply management and planning.] (JP 1-02)

command and control - (Army) The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment of a mission. Commanders perform command and control functions through a command and control system. (FM 6-0)

communications intelligence - (joint) The intelligence derived from foreign communications by other than the intended recipients. (JP 1-02)

counterinsurgency - (joint) Those military, paramilitary, political, economic, psychological, and civic actions taken by a government to defeat insurgency (JP 1-02)

criteria of success - Information requirements developed during the operations process that measure the degree of success in accomplishing the unit's mission. They are normally expressed as either an explicit evaluation of the present situation or a forecast of the degree of mission accomplishment. (FM 6-0)

detainee - (joint) A term used to refer to any person captured or otherwise detained by an armed force. (JP 1-02)

direct contact - Face-to-face meetings or confirmed telephonic conversation between known parties and all members of a particular organization (proponent FM TBD).

electronic intelligence - (joint) Technical and geolocation intelligence derived from foreign non-communications electromagnetic radiations emanating from other than nuclear detonations or radioactive sources (JP 1-02).

FOCO theory - A theory of revolutionary war common in Latin America that revolution can be effected by mobilization from above. This often takes the form of violence propagated by cadre from outside the area.

foreign instrumentation signals intelligence - (joint) Technical information and intelligence derived from the intercept of foreign electromagnetic emissions associated with the testing and operational deployment of non-US aerospace, surface, and subsurface systems. Foreign instrumentation signals intelligence is a subcategory of signals intelligence. Foreign instrumentation signals include but are not limited to telemetry, beaconry, electronic interrogators, and video data links. (JP 1-02)

human intelligence - (Army) The collection by a trained HUMINT collector of foreign information from people and multimedia to identify elements, intentions, composition, strength, dispositions, tactics, equipment, personnel, and capabilities. It uses human sources and a variety of collection methods, both passively and actively, to gather information to satisfy the commander's intelligence requirements and cross-cue other intelligence disciplines. (FM 2-0)

imagery intelligence - (joint) Intelligence derived from the exploitation of collection by visual photography, infrared sensors, lasers, electro-optics, and radar sensors such as synthetic aperture radar wherein images of objects are reproduced optically or electronically on film, electronic display devices, or other media. (JP 1-02)

information operations - The employment of the core capabilities of electronic warfare, computer network operations, psychological operations, military deception, and operations security, in concert with specified supporting and related capabilities, to affect or defend information and information systems, and to influence decision making. [This definition in FM 3- 13 supersedes the definition of IO in FM 3-0. It is consistent with joint initiatives.] (FM 3-13)

information superiority - The operational advantage derived from the ability to collect, process, and disseminate an uninterrupted flow of information while exploiting or denying an adversary's ability to do the same. (FM 3-0)

information system - (Army) The equipment and facilities that collect, process, store, display, and disseminate information. This includes computers-hardware and software-and communications, as well as policies and procedures for their use. (FM 3-0)

insurgency - (joint/NATO) An organized movement aimed at the overthrow of a constituted government through use of subversion and armed conflict. (JP 1-02)

insurgent - (joint) Member of a political party who rebels against established leadership. (JP 1-02)

medical evacuation - (Army/Marine Corps) The timely and efficient movement of the wounded, injured, or ill while providing en route medical care to and between medical treatment facilities. (FM 4-02)

military civic action - (joint) The use of preponderantly indigenous military forces on projects useful to the local population at all levels in such fields as education, training, public works, agriculture, transportation, communications, health, sanitation, and others contributing to economic and social development, which would also serve to improve the standing of the military forces with the population. (US forces may at times advise or engage in military civic actions in overseas areas.) (JP 1-02)

nongovernmental organizations - (joint) Transnational organizations of private citizens that maintain a consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. Nongovernmental organizations may be professional associations, foundations, multinational businesses, or simply groups with a common interest in humanitarian assistance activities (development and relief). "Nongovernmental organizations" is a term normally used by non-United States organizations. (JP 1-02)

peacetime military engagement - All military activities that involve other nations and are intended to shape the security environment in peacetime. It includes programs and exercises that the US military conducts with other nations to shape the international environment, improve mutual understanding with other countries, and improve interoperability with treaty partners or potential coalition partners. Peacetime military engagement activities are designed to support a combatant commander's objectives as articulated in the theater engagement plan. (FM 3-0)

police intelligence operations - A military police function that supports, enhances, and contributes to the commander's force protection program, common operational picture, and situational understanding. The police intelligence operations function ensures that information collected during the conduct of other military police functions is provided as input to the intelligence collection effort and turned into action or reports. (FM 7-15)

propaganda - (joint) Any form of communication in support of national objectives designed to influence the opinions, emotions, attitudes, or behavior of any group in order to benefit the sponsor, either directly or indirectly. (JP 1-02)

relevant information - All information of importance to commanders and staffs in the exercise of command and control. (FM 3-0)

rules of engagement - (joint) Directives issued by competent military authority that delineate the circumstances and limitations under which United States forces will initiate and/or continue combat engagement with other forces encountered. (JP 1-02)

short title - (joint) A short, identifying combination of letters, and/or numbers assigned to a document or device for purposes of brevity and/or security. (JP 1-02)



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