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FIELD MANUAL
No. 23-24

*FM 23-24
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
Washington, DC, 3 April 1990

FM 23-24

DRAGON MEDIUM ANTITANK/ASSAULT WEAPON SYSTEM M47

Table of Contents


Preface

Chapter 1 - INTRODUCTION

1-1. Characteristics

1-2. Major Components

1-3. Support Equipment (M113-Equipped Units Only)

1-4. Training Strategy

1-5. Unit Training Programs

Chapter 2 - SAFETY

2-1. Safety Precautions

2-2. Round Handling

2-3. Firing Limitations

2-4. Fighting Position

2-5. Firing Over Water

2-6. Training Equipment

Chapter 3 - EMPLOYMENT OF THE DRAGON

Section I - Dragon Role and Personnel Duties

3-1. Dragon Role

3-2. Organization Within Antiarmor Section

3-3. Personnel Duties

Section II - Employment of Dragon in the Defense

3-4. Considerations

3-5. Defensive Operations

3-6. Firing Positions

3-7. Dragon Positioning

3-8. Positioning Considerations

3-9. Preparation of Dragon Fighting Positions

3-10. Firing From the M113 APC

3-11. Preparation of Range Cards

3-12. Target Identification

3-13. Target Recognition by Type (Friendly or Threat)

3-14. Thermal Identification

Section III - Target Engagement

3-15. Target Engagement Techniques

3-16. Range Determination

3-17. Time/Space Factor

3-18. Vulnerable Points of Armored Vehicles

3-19. Fire Control

3-20. Platoon Fire Plan

3-21. Armor-Killer Team

Section IV - Employment in the Retrograde

3-22. Retrograde Operations

3-23. Delaying Operations

3-24. Withdrawal

Section V - Employment in the Offense

3-25. Movement to Contact

3-26. Conduct of the Day Attack

3-27. Conduct of the Night Attack

3-28. Consolidation and Reorganization

Chapter 4 - OPERATION AND FUNCTIONS

4-1. Inspection

4-2. Carrying Positions

4-3. Preparation of the Round of Firing

4-4. Firing Positions

4-5. Target Acquisition and Evaluation

4-6. Missile Flight and Control

4-7. Failure to Fire

4-8. Dragon Restored to Carrying Configuration

4-9. Adverse Weather Conditions

Chapter 5 - UNIT TRAINING

Section I - Commander's Responsibility

5-1. Training Goals and Program

5-2. Instructor Selection

5-3. Gunner Selection

Section II - Dragon Training Overview

5-4. Development of a Unit Training Program

5-5. Training for Specific Needs

5-6. Multilevel Training

5-7. Leader Training

5-8. Gunner Training

5-9. Team Training

5-10. Collective Training

5-11. Evaluation

Chapter 6 - TRAINING EQUIPMENT AND INSTRUCTOR TRAINING

Section I - Gunnery Training Equipment

6-1. Launch Effects Trainer

6-2. AN/TSQ-1 Monitoring Set

6-3. M89 Infrared Transmitting Set

6-4. Field Handling Trainer

6-5. Launch Effects Simulator

Section II - Instructor Training

6-6. Training Objective 1

6-7. Training Objective 2

6-8. Training Objective 3

6-9. Training Objective 4

6-10. Training Objective 5

6-11. Training Objective 6

6-12. Training Objective 7

6-13. Training Objective 8

6-14. Training Objective 9

6-15. Training Objective 10

6-16. Training Objective 11

6-17. Training Objective 12

6-18. Training Objective 13

6-19. Training Objective 14

6-20. Training Objective 15

Chapter 7 - INSTRUCTOR'S GUIDE TO EFFECTIVE TRAINING

7-1. Instructor Skills and Knowledge

7-2. Training Program Schedule

7-3. Individual Instructions

7-4. Training at 250 Meters

7-5. Training Sequence

7-6. Firing Positions Demonstrations

7-7. M113 Instructional Techniques

7-8. Sighting, Aiming, and Firing

7-9. Breath Control

7-10. Tracking Exercises

7-11. Range Requirements

7-12. Range Procedures

7-13. Postoperational Procedures

Chapter 8 - GUNNER QUALIFICATION AND SUSTAINMENT TRAINING PROGRAMS

Section I - Gunner Qualification Program

8-1. Qualification Requirements

8-2. Program Execution

8-3. Skill and Knowledge Requirements

8-4. Suggested Sequence of Time and Events

Section II - Sustainment Training Program

8-5. Gunner Sustainment Program

8-6. Collective Training

Appendix A - Thermal Target Recognition, Identification, Engagement

Appendix B - Performance Test

Appendix C - Gunner Qualification/Verification With LET

Appendix D - Decontamination and Destruction Procedures

Glossary

References

DA Forms

Authorization Letter


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes TC 23-24, 30 August 1974.



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