Military

 *FM 20-3
Field Manual
No. 20-3
Headquarters
Department of the Army
Washington, DC, 30 August 1999

 

FM 20-3

CAMOUFLAGE, CONCEALMENT, AND DECOYS

TABLE OF CONTENTS


PREFACE
CHAPTER 1 BASICS
Doctrinal Considerations
Responsibilities
Priorities
Training
Other Considerations
CHAPTER 2 THREAT
Doctrine
Organization
Data Collection
Sensor Systems
CCD Versus Threat Sensors
CHAPTER 3 FUNDAMENTALS
Section I — Principles
Avoiding Detection
Identifying the Threat
Avoiding Detection by Routine Surveillance
Taking Countermeasures
Employing Realistic CCD
Minimizing Movement
Using Decoys
Avoiding Operational Patterns
Applying Recognition Factors
Site Selection
CCD Discipline

Section II — Techniques and Materials
Techniques
Tests and Evaluations
Natural Conditions
Data Sources
Materials
CHAPTER 4 OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS
Preparations
Battle
CHAPTER 5 OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS
Preparations
Survivability Positions and Obstacles
Battle
CHAPTER 6 HIGH-VALUE TARGETS
Section I — CCD Planning
Plans
Objective
Planning Process

Section II — Fixed Installations
Concept
Command Posts
Supply and Water Points
Army Aviation Sites

Section III — Relocatable Units
Mobility and CCD
Built-In Capabilities
CHAPTER 7 SPECIAL ENVIRONMENTS
Desert
Snow-Covered Areas
Urban Terrain
APPENDIX A. METRIC CONVERSION CHART
APPENDIX B. GUIDELINES FOR TACTICAL STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURES
Content
Commanders' Responsibilities
Fratricide
APPENDIX C. CAMOUFLAGE REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES
Lightweight Camouflage Screen System
Supplemental Camouflage
Vehicle Camouflage
Training
APPENDIX D. INDIVIDUAL CAMOFLAGE, CONCEALMENT, AND DECOYS
Materials
Discipline
Dispersal
Considerations
Employment
APPENDIX E. STANDARD CAMOUFLAUGE MATERIALS
APPENDIX F. THE GENEVA EMBLEM AND CAMOUFLAGE OF MEDICAL FACILITIES
GLOSSARY
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AUTHORIZATION PAGE

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

*This publication supersedes FM 20-3, 14 November 1990.



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