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Military

 

Field Manual
No. 100-10-1
Headquarters
Department of the Army
Washington, DC, 1 October 1999

 

FM 100-10-1

THEATER DISTRIBUTION

 

Contents

 

Preface

Chapter 1

Power Projection

Section I - Military Force Projection
Section II - Theater Structure
Theater of War
Theater of Operations
Communications Zone
Section III - Army Support in Theater
Army Support Structure
CSS Implications of Military Force Projection

Chapter 2

Force Projection Distribution Environment

Section I - The Strategic Environment
Private Sector
Department of Defense
Other Government Agencies
Section II - The Operational Environment
Section III - The Tactical Environment

Chapter 3

Fundamentals of Distribution

Section I - The Distribution System
Section II - Principles of Distribution
Centralize Management
Optimize Infrastructure
Maximize Throughput
Minimize Forward Stockpiling
Maintain Continuous and Seamless Pipeline Flow

Chapter 4

Theater Distribution Management

Section I - Distribution Structure and Responsibilities
Section II - Distribution in Force Projection Operations
Opening the Theater
Sustaining the Theater
Redeploying the Force

Chapter 5

Distribution Management and Planning

Section I - Distribution Management Functions
Establishing and Maintaining the Theater Distribution Plan
Effecting Lateral Distribution/Reconsignment
Managing Transition Node Capability
Synchronizing Use of Transportation Networks
Synchronizing the Movement and Support Requirements for NEO and PWs
Section II - Components of Distribution Management
Visibility
Capacity
Control
Section III - Distribution Planning
Logistics Preparation of the Theater
Service Support Plan
Distribution Plan

Chapter 6

Automation and Communication

Section I - Automation
Command and Control Systems
Standard Army Management Information Systems (STAMIS)
Automated Identification Technology (AIT)
Section II - Communications
Area Common User System (ACUS)
Warfighter Information Network (WIN)
Garrison Communications

Appendix A

Theater Force Opening Package

Mission
Organization

Appendix B

Joint/Multinational Distribution

Joint Support
Support to Other Services
Multinational Support

Appendix C

Distribution of Supplies and Services in the Theater

Supply
Maintenance
Field Services
Transportation
Personnel Support
Finance Services
Legal Services
Combat Health Support
Engineer Support

Glossary


Section I - Abbreviations
Section II - Terms and Definitions

References

Authentication


Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.


 

Preface

 

 

Since America's first major deployment of combat forces during the Spanish-American War, United States forces have faced constant and consistent patterns of combat service support challenges. Ports of embarkation and debarkation become overwhelmed, shipments are sidetracked, units lose visibility of their in-transit equipment, and deliveries of critically needed supplies are delayed.

The Army is now primarily a continental United States (CONUS)-based force, but with global responsibilities. As a result, the centerpiece of current Army doctrine is force projection. Recent operations in the Mideast, Somalia, Bosnia, and elsewhere, demonstrated that Army forces can rapidly deploy units and materiel to an area of operations. However, these operations also demonstrated that in-theater management and distribution of large volumes of combat service support resources was still challenging. Maintaining in-transit visibility and accountability of cargo and efficiently delivering it from ports to units proved difficult.

The purpose of this manual is to provide authoritative doctrine by which the Army theater distribution system supports the conduct of operations at all echelons and across the full range of military operations. This manual also provides the basis for theater distribution system training, organizational, and materiel development. The target audience is the units and commands that provide in-theater combat service support (CSS) and units supported by those organizations.

This manual focuses on CONUS-based force projection. It is designed to assist Army service component commanders, Army force commanders, theater support command commanders, logistics support element commanders, and other Army CSS personnel and their staffs in translating requirements and needs into combat service support in joint, multinational, and interagency environments. This manual implements relevant joint doctrine, incorporates lessons learned from recent operations, and conforms with Army capstone doctrine. Additionally, it links Field Manuals 100-5, 100-7, 100-10, 100-15, 100-16, and 100-17 series manuals with joint and other Army capstone manuals. This manual is focused on Army distribution operations in the near-term, although it also provides some information on developments which will affect distribution in the future. Though the theater support command discussed in this manual is an approved concept, actual organizations may not yet exist. Until then, echelons above corps support commands should adapt the principles in this manual to fit existing structures.

The proponent of this publication is Headquarters, United States (US) Army Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM). Send comments and recommendations on Department of the Army (DA) Form 2028 to Commander, US Army Combined Arms Support Command and Fort Lee, ATTN: ATCL-C, Fort Lee, Virginia, 23801.

Throughout this publication the term "combat service support" is used in the context of the definition found in FMs 100-5 and 100-10.

Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.

 



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