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[DOCID: f:h1119rh.txt]
                                                  Union Calendar No. 75
105th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                               H. R. 1119
                          [Report No. 105-132]
_______________________________________________________________________
                                 A BILL
To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1998 and 1999 for military 
    activities of the Department of Defense, to prescribe military 
   personnel strengths for fiscal years 1998 and 1999, and for other 
                               purposes.
_______________________________________________________________________
                             June 16, 1997
Reported with amendments, committed to the Committee of the Whole House 
          on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed
                                                  Union Calendar No. 75
105th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1119
                          [Report No. 105-132]
To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1998 and 1999 for military 
    activities of the Department of Defense, to prescribe military 
   personnel strengths for fiscal years 1998 and 1999, and for other 
                               purposes.
_______________________________________________________________________
                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
                             March 19, 1997
 Mr. Spence (for himself and Mr. Dellums) (both by request) introduced 
  the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on National 
                                Security
                             June 16, 1997
Reported with amendments, committed to the Committee of the Whole House 
          on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]
 [For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on March 
                               19, 1997]
_______________________________________________________________________
                                 A BILL
To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1998 and 1999 for military 
    activities of the Department of Defense, to prescribe military 
   personnel strengths for fiscal years 1998 and 1999, and for other 
                               purposes.
    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 1998''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into three divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees defined.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT
              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 101. Army.
Sec. 102. Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 103. Air Force.
Sec. 104. Defense-wide activities.
Sec. 105. Reserve components.
Sec. 106. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 107. Chemical Demilitarization Program.
Sec. 108. Defense health programs.
Sec. 109. Defense Export Loan Guarantee Program.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters
Sec. 121. Limitation on obligation of funds for the Seawolf Submarine 
                            program.
Sec. 122. Report on annual budget submission regarding the reserve 
                            components.
         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION
              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 202. Amount for basic and applied research.
Sec. 203. Dual-use technology program.
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations
Sec. 211. Manufacturing technology program.
Sec. 212. Report on Strategic Environmental Research and Development 
                            Program.
Sec. 213. Tactical unmanned aerial vehicles.
Sec. 214. Revisions to membership of and appointment authority for 
                            National Ocean Research Leadership Council.
Sec. 215. Maintenance and repair of real property at Air Force 
                            installations.
Sec. 216. Expansion of eligibility for Defense Experimental Program to 
                            Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 217. Limitation on use of funds for adaption of Integrated 
                            Defensive Electronic Countermeasures 
                            (IDECM) program to F/A-18E/F aircraft and 
                            A/V-8B aircraft.
Sec. 218. Bioassay testing of veterans exposed to ionizing radiation 
                            during military service.
             Subtitle C--Ballistic Missile Defense Programs
Sec. 231. Budgetary treatment of amounts requested for procurement for 
                            Ballistic Missile Defense programs.
Sec. 232. Cooperative ballistic missile defense program.
Sec. 233. Deployment dates for core theater missile defense programs
Sec. 234. Annual report on threat posed to the United States by weapons 
                            of mass destruction, ballistic missiles, 
                            and cruise missiles.
Sec. 235. Director of Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.
Sec. 236. Tactical high energy laser program.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 301. Operation and maintenance funding.
Sec. 302. Working capital funds.
Sec. 303. Armed Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 304. Transfer from National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund.
Sec. 305. Refurbishment and installation of air search radar.
Sec. 306. Refurbishment of M1-A1 tanks.
Sec. 307. Procurement and electronic commerce technical assistance 
                            program.
Sec. 308. Availability of funds for separation pay for defense 
                            acquisition personnel.
                 Subtitle B--Military Readiness Issues
Sec. 311. Expansion of scope of quarterly readiness reports.
Sec. 312. Limitation on reallocation of funds within operation and 
                            maintenance appropriations.
Sec. 313. Operation of prepositioned fleet, National Training Center, 
                            Fort Irwin, California.
Sec. 314. Prohibition of implementation of tiered readiness system.
Sec. 315. Reports on transfers from high-priority readiness 
                            appropriations.
Sec. 316. Report on Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff Exercise Program 
                            and Partnership for Peace program.
Sec. 317. Quarterly reports on execution of operation and maintenance 
                            appropriations.
                     Subtitle C--Civilian Personnel
Sec. 321. Pay practices when overseas teachers transfer to general 
                            schedule positions.
Sec. 322. Use of approved fire-safe accommodations by Government 
                            employees on official business.
                   Subtitle D--Depot-Level Activities
Sec. 331. Extension of authority for aviation depots and naval 
                            shipyards to engage in defense-related 
                            production and services.
Sec. 332. Exclusion of certain large maintenance and repair projects 
                            from percentage limitation on contracting 
                            for depot-level maintenance.
Sec. 333. Restrictions on contracts for performance of depot-level 
                            maintenance and repair at certain 
                            facilities.
Sec. 334. Core logistics functions of Department of Defense.
Sec. 335. Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence.
Sec. 336. Personnel reductions, Army depots participating in Army 
                            Workload and Performance System.
                  Subtitle E--Environmental Provisions
Sec. 341. Revision of membership terms for Strategic Environmental 
                            Research and Development Program scientific 
                            advisory board.
Sec. 342. Amendments to authority to enter into agreements with other 
                            agencies in support of environmental 
                            technology certification.
Sec. 343. Authorization to pay negotiated settlement for environmental 
                            cleanup at former Department of Defense 
                            sites in Canada.
Sec. 344. Modifications of authority to store and dispose of nondefense 
                            toxic and hazardous materials.
Sec. 345. Revision of report requirement for Navy program to monitor 
                            ecological effects of organotin.
Sec. 346. Partnerships for investment in innovative environmental 
                            technologies.
Sec. 347. Pilot program to test an alternative technology for 
                            eliminating solid and liquid waste 
                            emissions during ship operations.
  Subtitle F--Commissaries and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentalities
Sec. 361. Reorganization of laws regarding commissaries and exchanges 
                            and other morale, welfare, and recreation 
                            activities.
Sec. 362. Merchandise and pricing requirements for commissary stores.
Sec. 363. Limitation on noncompetitive procurement of brand-name 
                            commercial items for resale in commissary 
                            stores.
Sec. 364. Transfer of jurisdiction over exchange, commissary, and 
                            morale, welfare, and recreation activities 
                            to Under Secretary of Defense 
                            (Comptroller).
Sec. 365. Public and private partnerships to benefit morale, welfare, 
                            and recreation activities.
Sec. 366. Treatment of certain amounts received by Defense Commissary 
                            Agency.
Sec. 367. Authorized use of appropriated funds for relocation of Navy 
                            Exchange Service Command.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters
Sec. 371. Assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
                            dependents of members of the Armed Forces 
                            and Department of Defense civilian 
                            employees.
Sec. 372. Continuation of Operation Mongoose.
Sec. 373. Inclusion of Air Force depot maintenance as operation and 
                            maintenance budget activity group.
Sec. 374. Programs to commemorate 50th anniversary of Marshall Plan and 
                            Korean conflict.
Sec. 375. Prohibition on use of Special Operations Command budget for 
                            base operation support.
Sec. 376. Continuation and expansion of demonstration program to 
                            identify overpayments made to vendors.
Sec. 377. Applicability of Federal printing requirements to Defense 
                            Automated Printing Service.
Sec. 378. Base operations support for military installations on Guam.
              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS
                       Subtitle A--Active Forces
Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces
Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Increase in number of members in certain grades authorized to 
                            serve on active duty in support of the 
                            reserves.
              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations
Sec. 421. Authorization of appropriations for military personnel.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY
                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy
Sec. 501. Limitation on number of general and flag officers who may 
                            serve in positions outside their own 
                            service.
Sec. 502. Exclusion of certain retired officers from limitation on 
                            period of recall to active duty.
Sec. 503. Clarification of officers eligible for consideration by 
                            selection boards.
Sec. 504. Authority to defer mandatory retirement for age of officers 
                            serving as chaplains.
                 Subtitle B--Reserve Component Matters
Sec. 511. Individual Ready Reserve activation authority.
Sec. 512. Termination of Mobilization Income Insurance Program.
Sec. 513. Correction of inequities in medical and dental care and death 
                            and disability benefits for reserve members 
                            who incur or aggravate an illness in the 
                            line of duty.
Sec. 514. Time-in-grade requirements for reserve commissioned officers 
                            retired during force drawdown period.
Sec. 515. Authority to permit non-unit assigned officers to be 
                            considered by vacancy promotion board to 
                            general officer grades.
Sec. 516. Grade requirement for officers eligible to serve on 
                            involuntary separation boards.
Sec. 517. Limitation on use of Air Force Reserve AGR personnel for Air 
                            Force base security functions.
                    Subtitle C--Military Technicians
Sec. 521. Authority to retain on the reserve active-status list until 
                            age 60 military technicians in the grade of 
                            brigadier general.
Sec. 522. Military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 523. Non-dual status military technicians.
  Subtitle D--Measures To Improve Recruit Quality and Reduce Recruit 
                               Attrition
Sec. 531. Reform of military recruiting systems.
Sec. 532. Improvements in medical prescreening of applicants for 
                            military service.
Sec. 533. Improvements in physical fitness of recruits.
              Subtitle E--Military Education and Training
Sec. 541. Independent panel to review military basic training.
Sec. 542. Reform of Army drill sergeant selection and training process.
Sec. 543. Requirement for candidates for admission to United States 
                            Naval Academy to take oath of allegiance.
Sec. 544. Reimbursement of expenses incurred for instruction at service 
                            academies of persons from foreign 
                            countries.
Sec. 545. United States Naval Postgraduate School.
Sec. 546. Air Force Academy cadet foreign exchange program.
Sec. 547. Training in human relations matters for Army drill sergeant 
                            trainees.
Sec. 548. Study of feasibility of gender-segregated basic training.
              Subtitle F--Military Decorations and Awards
Sec. 551. Study of new decorations for injury or death in line of duty.
Sec. 552. Purple heart to be awarded only to members of the armed 
                            forces.
Sec. 553. Eligibility for Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal for 
                            participation in Operation Joint Endeavor 
                            or Operation Joint Guard.
Sec. 554. Waiver of time limitations for award of certain decorations 
                            to specified persons.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters
Sec. 561. Suspension of temporary early retirement authority.
Sec. 562. Treatment of educational accomplishments of National Guard 
                            Challenge Program participants.
Sec. 563. Authority for personnel to participate in management of 
                            certain non-Federal entities.
Sec. 564. Crew requirements of WC-130J aircraft.
Sec. 565. Comptroller General study of Department of Defense civil 
                            military programs.
Sec. 566. Treatment of participation of members in Department of 
                            Defense civil military programs.
Sec. 567. Continuation of support to senior military colleges.
Sec. 568. Restoration of missing persons authorities applicable to 
                            Department of Defense as in effect before 
                            enactment of National Defense Authorization 
                            Act for Fiscal Year 1997.
Sec. 569. Establishment of sentence of confinement for life without 
                            eligibility for parole.
Sec. 570. Limitation on appeal of denial of parole for offenders 
                            serving life sentence.
Sec. 571. Establishment of Public Affairs Branch in the Army.
          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS
                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances
Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay for fiscal year 1998.
Sec. 602. Annual adjustment of basic pay and protection of member's 
                            total compensation while performing certain 
                            duty.
Sec. 603. Use of food cost information to determine basic allowance for 
                            subsistence.
Sec. 604. Consolidation of basic allowance for quarters, variable 
                            housing allowance, and overseas housing 
                            allowances.
           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays
Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonuses and special pay 
                            authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonuses and special pay 
                            authorities for nurse officer candidates, 
                            registered nurses, and nurse anesthetists.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
                            other bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 614. Increase in minimum monthly rate of hazardous duty incentive 
                            pay for certain members.
Sec. 615. Availability of multiyear retention bonus for dental 
                            officers.
Sec. 616. Increase in variable and additional special pays for certain 
                            dental officers.
Sec. 617. Special pay for duty at designated hardship duty locations.
Sec. 618. Selected Reserve reenlistment bonus.
Sec. 619. Selected Reserve enlistment bonus for former enlisted 
                            members.
Sec. 620. Special pay or bonuses for enlisted members extending tours 
                            of duty overseas.
Sec. 621. Increase in amount of family separation allowance.
Sec. 622. Change in requirements for Ready Reserve muster duty 
                            allowance.
            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances
Sec. 631. Travel and transportation allowances for dependents of member 
                            sentenced by court-martial.
Sec. 632. Dislocation allowance.
    Subtitle D--Retired Pay, Survivor Benefits, and Related Matters
Sec. 641. Time in which certain changes in beneficiary under survivor 
                            benefit plan may be made.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters
Sec. 651. Definition of sea duty for purposes of career sea pay.
Sec. 652. Loan repayment program for commissioned officers in certain 
                            health professions.
Sec. 653. Conformance of NOAA commissioned officers separation pay to 
                            separation pay for members of other 
                            uniformed services.
Sec. 654. Reimbursement of Public Health Service officers for adoption 
                            expenses.
Sec. 655. Payment of back quarters and subsistence allowances to World 
                            War II veterans who served as guerrilla 
                            fighters in the Philippines.
Sec. 656. Space available travel for members of selected reserve.
Sec. 657. Study on military personnel at, near, or below the poverty 
                            line.
Sec. 658. Implementation of Department of Defense supplemental food 
                            program for military personnel outside the 
                            United States.
                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS
                    Subtitle A--Health Care Services
Sec. 701. Expansion of retiree dental insurance plan to include 
                            surviving spouse and child dependents of 
                            certain deceased members.
Sec. 702. Provision of prosthetic devices to covered beneficiaries.
                      Subtitle B--TRICARE Program
Sec. 711. Addition of definition of TRICARE program to title 10.
Sec. 712. Plan for expansion of managed care option of TRICARE program.
          Subtitle C--Uniformed Services Treatment Facilities
Sec. 721. Implementation of designated provider agreements for 
                            Uniformed Services Treatment Facilities.
Sec. 722. Limitation on total payments.
Sec. 723. Continued acquisition of reduced-cost drugs.
   Subtitle D--Other Changes to Existing Laws Regarding Health Care 
                               Management
Sec. 731. Waiver or reduction of copayments under overseas dental 
                            program.
Sec. 732. Premium collection requirements for medical and dental 
                            insurance programs.
Sec. 733. Consistency between CHAMPUS and medicare in payment rates for 
                            services.
Sec. 734. Use of personal services contracts for provision of health 
                            care services and legal protection for 
                            providers.
Sec. 735. Portability of State licenses for Department of Defense 
                            health care professionals.
Sec. 736. Standard form and requirements regarding claims for payment 
                            for services.
Sec. 737. Medical personnel conscience clause.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters
Sec. 741. Continued admission of civilians as students in physician 
                            assistant training program of Army Medical 
                            Department.
Sec. 742. Emergency health care in connection with overseas activities 
                            of On-Site Inspection Agency of Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 743. Comptroller General study of adequacy and effect of maximum 
                            allowable charges for physicians under 
                            CHAMPUS.
Sec. 744. Comptroller General study of Department of Defense pharmacy 
                            programs.
Sec. 745. Comptroller General study of Navy graduate medical education 
                            program.
Sec. 746. Study of expansion of pharmaceuticals by mail program to 
                            include additional medicare-eligible 
                            covered beneficiaries.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS
                     Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy
Sec. 801. Case-by-case waivers of domestic source limitations.
Sec. 802. Expansion of authority to enter into contracts crossing 
                            fiscal years to all severable services 
                            contracts not exceeding a year.
Sec. 803. Clarification of vesting of title under contracts.
Sec. 804. Exclusion of disaster relief, humanitarian, and peacekeeping 
                            operations from restrictions on use of 
                            undefinitized contract actions.
Sec. 805. Limitation and report on payment of restructuring costs under 
                            defense contracts.
Sec. 806. Authority relating to purchase of certain vehicles.
Sec. 807. Multiyear procurement contracts.
Sec. 808. Domestic source limitation amendments.
Sec. 809. Repeal of expiration of domestic source limitation for 
                            certain naval vessel propellers.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters
Sec. 821. Repeal of certain acquisition reports and requirements.
Sec. 822. Extension of authority for use of test and evaluation 
                            installations by commercial entities.
Sec. 823. Requirement to develop and maintain list of firms not 
                            eligible for defense contracts.
      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
Sec. 901. Limitation on operation and support funds for the Office of 
                            the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 902. Components of National Defense University.
Sec. 903. Authorization for the Marine Corps University to employ 
                            civilian professors.
Sec. 904. Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs.
Sec. 905. White House Communications Agency.
Sec. 906. Revision to required frequency for provision of policy 
                            guidance for contingency plans.
Sec. 907. Termination of the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office.
                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS
                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters
Sec. 1001. Transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Incorporation of classified annex.
Sec. 1003. Authority for obligation of unauthorized fiscal year 1997 
                            defense appropriations.
Sec. 1004. Authorization of supplemental appropriations for fiscal year 
                            1997.
Sec. 1005. Increase in fiscal year 1996 transfer authority.
Sec. 1006. Fisher House trust funds.
Sec. 1007. Flexibility in financing closure of certain outstanding 
                            contracts for which a small final payment 
                            is due.
                Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards
Sec. 1021. Relationship of certain laws to disposal of vessels for 
                            export from the Naval Vessel Register and 
                            the National Defense Reserve Fleet.
Sec. 1022. Authority to enter into a long-term charter for a vessel in 
                            support of the Surveillance Towed-Array 
                            Sensor (SURTASS) program.
Sec. 1023. Transfer of two specified obsolete tugboats of the Army.
Sec. 1024. Naming of a DDG-51 class destroyer the U.S.S. Thomas F. 
                            Connolly.
Sec. 1025. Congressional review period with respect to transfer of the 
                            ex-U.S.S. Midway (CV-41).
                  Subtitle C--Counter-Drug Activities
Sec. 1031. Prohibition on use of National Guard for civil-military 
                            activities under State drug interdiction 
                            and counter-drug activities plan.
       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Report Requirements and Repeals
Sec. 1041. Repeal of miscellaneous obsolete reports required by prior 
                            defense authorization Acts.
Sec. 1042. Repeal of annual report requirement relating to training of 
                            special operations forces with friendly 
                            foreign forces.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters
Sec. 1051. Authority for special agents of the Defense Criminal 
                            Investigative Service to execute warrants 
                            and make arrests.
Sec. 1052. Study of investigative practices of military criminal 
                            investigative organizations relating to sex 
                            crimes.
Sec. 1053. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1054. Display of POW/MIA flag.
Sec. 1055. Certification required before observance of moratorium on 
                            use by Armed Forces of antipersonnel 
                            landmines.
Sec. 1056. Protection of safety-related information voluntarily 
                            provided by air carriers.
Sec. 1057. National Guard Challenge Program to create opportunities for 
                            civilian youth.
Sec. 1058. Lease of non-excess personal property of the military 
                            departments.
Sec. 1059. Commendation of members of the Armed Forces and Government 
                            civilian personnel who served during the 
                            Cold War.
  TITLE XI--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION WITH STATES OF FORMER SOVIET 
                                 UNION
Sec. 1101. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction programs.
Sec. 1102. Fiscal year 1998 funding allocations.
Sec. 1103. Prohibition on use of funds for specified purposes.
Sec. 1104. Limitation on use of funds until specified reports are 
                            submitted.
Sec. 1105. Limitation on use of funds until submission of 
                            certification.
Sec. 1106. Use of funds for chemical weapons destruction facility.
Sec. 1107. Limitation on use of funds for storage facility for Russian 
                            fissile material.
Sec. 1108. Limitation on use of funds for weapons storage security.
Sec. 1109. Report to Congress on issues regarding payment of taxes or 
                            duties on assistance provided to Russia 
                            under Cooperative Threat Reduction 
                            programs.
Sec. 1110. Limitation on obligation of funds for a specified period.
Sec. 1111. Availability of funds.
              TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO OTHER NATIONS
Sec. 1201. Reports to Congress relating to United States forces in 
                            Bosnia.
Sec. 1202. One-year extension of counterproliferation authorities.
Sec. 1203. Report on future military capabilities and strategy of the 
                            People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1204. Temporary use of general purpose vehicles and nonlethal 
                            military equipment under acquisition and 
                            cross servicing agreements.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS
Sec. 2001. Short title.
                            TITLE XXI--ARMY
Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Correction in authorized uses of funds, Fort Irwin, 
                            California.
                            TITLE XXII--NAVY
Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Authorization of military construction project at Naval Air 
                            Station, Pascagoula, Mississippi, for which 
                            funds have been appropriated.
                         TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE
Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Authorization of military construction project at McConnell 
                            Air Force Base, Kansas, for which funds 
                            have been appropriated.
                      TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES
Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Military housing planning and design.
Sec. 2403. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2404. Energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2405. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2406. Correction in authorized uses of funds, McClellan Air Force 
                            Base, California.
Sec. 2407. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 1995 
                            projects.
   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                PROGRAM
Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES
Sec. 2601. Authorized Guard and Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorization of military construction projects for which 
                            funds have been appropriated.
Sec. 2603. Army Reserve construction project, Salt Lake City, Utah.
        TITLE XXVII--EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS
Sec. 2701. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2702. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 1995 
                            projects.
Sec. 2703. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 1994 
                            projects.
Sec. 2704. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 1993 
                            projects.
Sec. 2705. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 1992 
                            projects.
Sec. 2706. Extension of availability of funds for construction of Over-
                            the-Horizon Radar in Puerto Rico.
Sec. 2707. Effective date.
                    TITLE XXVIII--GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                Changes
Sec. 2801. Use of mobility enhancement funds for unspecified minor 
                            construction.
Sec. 2802. Limitation on use of operation and maintenance funds for 
                            facility repair projects.
Sec. 2803. Leasing of military family housing, United States Southern 
                            Command, Miami, Florida.
Sec. 2804. Use of financial incentives provided as part of energy 
                            savings and water conservation activities.
Sec. 2805. Congressional notification requirements regarding use of 
                            Department of Defense housing funds for 
                            investments in nongovernmental entities.
        Subtitle B--Real Property And Facilities Administration
Sec. 2811. Increase in ceiling for minor land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2812. Administrative expenses for certain real property 
                            transactions.
Sec. 2813. Disposition of proceeds from sale of Air Force Plant 78, 
                            Brigham City, Utah.
            Subtitle C--Defense Base Closure and Realignment
Sec. 2821. Consideration of military installations as sites for new 
                            Federal facilities.
Sec. 2822. Prohibition against conveyance of property at military 
                            installations to State-owned shipping 
                            companies.
                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances
                        Part I--Army Conveyances
Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, James T. Coker Army Reserve Center, Durant, 
                            Oklahoma.
Sec. 2832. Land conveyance, Fort A. P. Hill, Virginia.
Sec. 2833. Expansion of land conveyance, Indiana Army Ammunition Plant, 
                            Charlestown, Indiana.
Sec. 2834. Modification of land conveyance, Lompoc, California.
Sec. 2835. Modification of land conveyance, Rocky Mountain Arsenal, 
                            Colorado.
Sec. 2836. Correction of land conveyance authority, Army Reserve 
                            Center, Anderson, South Carolina.
Sec. 2837. Land conveyance, Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
Sec. 2838. Land conveyance, Gibson Army Reserve Center, Chicago, 
                            Illinois.
Sec. 2839. Land conveyance, Fort Dix, New Jersey.
                       Part II--Navy Conveyances
Sec. 2851. Correction of lease authority, Naval Air Station, Meridian, 
                            Mississippi.
                    Part III--Air Force Conveyances
Sec. 2861. Land transfer, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
Sec. 2862. Study of land exchange options, Shaw Air Force Base, South 
                            Carolina.
Sec. 2863. Land conveyance, March Air Force Base, California.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters
Sec. 2881. Repeal of requirement to operate Naval Academy dairy farm.
Sec. 2882. Long-term lease of property, Naples Italy.
Sec. 2883. Designation of military family housing at Lackland Air Force 
                            Base, Texas, in honor of Frank Tejeda, a 
                            former Member of the House of 
                            Representatives.
                   TITLE XXIX--SIKES ACT IMPROVEMENT
Sec. 2901. Short title.
Sec. 2902. Definition of Sikes Act for purposes of amendments.
Sec. 2903. Codification of short title of Act.
Sec. 2904. Integrated natural resource management plans.
Sec. 2905. Review for preparation of integrated natural resource 
                            management plans.
Sec. 2906. Annual reviews and reports.
Sec. 2907. Transfer of wildlife conservation fees from closed military 
                            installations.
Sec. 2908. Federal enforcement of integrated natural resource 
                            management plans and enforcement of other 
                            laws.
Sec. 2909. Natural resource management services.
Sec. 2910. Definitions.
Sec. 2911. Cooperative agreements.
Sec. 2912. Repeal of superseded provision.
Sec. 2913. Clerical amendments.
Sec. 2914. Authorizations of appropriations.
 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                              OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS
      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS
         Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations
Sec. 3101. Weapons activities.
Sec. 3102. Environmental restoration and waste management.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Defense nuclear waste disposal.
                Subtitle B--Recurring General Provisions
Sec. 3121. Reprogramming.
Sec. 3122. Limits on general plant projects.
Sec. 3123. Limits on construction projects.
Sec. 3124. Fund transfer authority.
Sec. 3125. Authority for conceptual and construction design.
Sec. 3126. Authority for emergency planning, design, and construction 
                            activities.
Sec. 3127. Funds available for all national security programs of the 
                            Department of Energy.
Sec. 3128. Authority relating to transfers of defense environmental 
                            management funds.
   Subtitle C--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations
Sec. 3131. Ballistic Missile Defense National Laboratory Program.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters
Sec. 3141. Plan for stewardship, management, and certification of 
                            warheads in the nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 3142. Repeal of obsolete reporting requirements.
Sec. 3143. Revisions to defense nuclear facilities workforce 
                            restructuring plan requirements.
Sec. 3144. Extension of authority for appointment of certain 
                            scientific, engineering, and technical 
                            personnel.
Sec. 3145. Report on proposed contract for Hanford Tank Waste 
                            Vitrification project.
Sec. 3146. Limitation on conduct of subcritical nuclear weapons tests.
Sec. 3147. Limitation on use of certain funds until future use plans 
                            are submitted.
Sec. 3148. Plan for external oversight of national laboratories.
Sec. 3149. University-based research center.
Sec. 3150. Stockpile stewardship program.
Sec. 3151. Reports on advanced supercomputer sales to certain foreign 
                            nations.
          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD
Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Plan for transfer of facilities from jurisdiction of Defense 
                            Nuclear Facilities Safety Board to 
                            jurisdiction of Nuclear Regulatory 
                            Commission.
                TITLE XXXIII--NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE
Sec. 3301. Authorized uses of stockpile funds.
Sec. 3302. Disposal of beryllium copper master alloy in National 
                            Defense Stockpile.
Sec. 3303. Disposal of titanium sponge in National Defense Stockpile.
Sec. 3304. Conditions on transfer of stockpiled platinum reserves for 
                            Treasury use.
Sec. 3305. Restrictions on disposal of certain manganese ferro.
Sec. 3306. Required procedures for disposal of strategic and critical 
                            materials.
                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES
Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3402. Price requirement on sale of certain petroleum during fiscal 
                            year 1998.
Sec. 3403. Termination of assignment of Navy officers to Office of 
                            Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves.
                  TITLE XXXV--PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION
     Subtitle A--Authorization of Expenditures From Revolving Fund
Sec. 3501. Short title.
Sec. 3502. Authorization of expenditures.
Sec. 3503. Purchase of vehicles.
Sec. 3504. Expenditures only in accordance with treaties.
          Subtitle B--Facilitation of Panama Canal Transition
Sec. 3511. Short title; references.
Sec. 3512. Definitions relating to Canal transition.
    Part I--Transition Matters Relating to Commission Officers and 
                               Employees
Sec. 3521. Authority for the Administrator of the Commission to accept 
                            appointment as the Administrator of the 
                            Panama Canal Authority.
Sec. 3522. Post-Canal Transfer Personnel Authorities.
Sec. 3523. Enhanced authority of Commission to establish compensation 
                            of Commission officers and employees.
Sec. 3524. Travel, transportation, and subsistence expenses for 
                            Commission personnel no longer subject to 
                            Federal Travel Regulation.
Sec. 3525. Enhanced recruitment and retention authorities.
Sec. 3526. Transition separation incentive payments.
Sec. 3527. Labor-management relations.
Sec. 3528. Availability of Panama Canal Revolving Fund for severance 
                            pay for certain employees separated by 
                            Panama Canal Authority after Canal Transfer 
                            Date.
Part II--Transition Matters Relating to Operation and Administration of 
                                 Canal
Sec. 3541. Establishment of procurement system and board of contract 
                            appeals.
Sec. 3542. Transactions with the Panama Canal Authority.
Sec. 3543. Time limitations on filing of claims for damages.
Sec. 3544. Tolls for small vessels.
Sec. 3545. Date of actuarial evaluation of FECA liability.
Sec. 3546. Notaries public.
Sec. 3547. Commercial services.
Sec. 3548. Transfer from President to Commission of certain regulatory 
                            functions relating to employment 
                            classification appeals.
Sec. 3549. Enhanced printing authority.
Sec. 3550. Technical and conforming amendments.
                  TITLE XXXVI--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION
Sec. 3601. Authorization of appropriations for fiscal year 1998.
Sec. 3602. Repeal of obsolete annual report requirement concerning 
                            relative cost of shipbuilding in the 
                            various coastal districts of the United 
                            States.
Sec. 3603. Provisions relating to maritime security fleet program.
Sec. 3604. Authority to utilize replacement vessels and capacity.
Sec. 3605. Authority to convey national defense reserve fleet vessel.
SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES DEFINED.
    For purposes of this Act, the term ``congressional defense 
committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on National Security and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT
              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
SEC. 101. ARMY.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for procurement for the Army as follows:
            (1) For aircraft, $1,535,264,000.
            (2) For missiles, $1,176,516,000.
            (3) For weapons and tracked combat vehicles, 
        $1,519,527,000.
            (4) For ammunition, $1,093,802,000.
            (5) For other procurement, $2,640,277,000.
SEC. 102. NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.
    (a) Navy.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 1998 for procurement for the Navy as follows:
            (1) For aircraft, $6,172,950,000.
            (2) For weapons, including missiles and torpedoes, 
        $1,214,687,000.
            (3) For shipbuilding and conversion, $7,654,977,000.
            (4) For other procurement, $3,073,432,000.
    (b) Marine Corps.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated 
for fiscal year 1998 for procurement for the Marine Corps in the amount 
of $442,807,000.
    (c) Navy and Marine Corps Ammunition.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for procurement of ammunition for the Navy and the 
Marine Corps in the amount of $470,355,000.
SEC. 103. AIR FORCE.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for procurement for the Air Force as follows:
            (1) For aircraft, $6,770,900,000.
            (2) For missiles, $2,389,183,000.
            (3) For ammunition, $436,984,000.
            (4) For other procurement, $6,574,096,000.
SEC. 104. DEFENSE-WIDE ACTIVITIES.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for Defense-wide procurement in the amount of $1,836,989,000.
SEC. 105. RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for procurement of aircraft, vehicles, communications equipment, and 
other equipment for the reserve components of the Armed Forces as 
follows:
            (1) For the Army National Guard, $102,700,000.
            (2) For the Air National Guard, $117,775,000.
            (3) For the Army Reserve, $90,400,000.
            (4) For the Naval Reserve, $118,000,000.
            (5) For the Air Force Reserve, $167,630,000.
            (6) For the Marine Corps Reserve, $98,600,000.
            (7) For the Coast Guard Reserve, $5,250,000.
SEC. 106. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for procurement for the Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
in the amount of $1,800,000.
SEC. 107. CHEMICAL DEMILITARIZATION PROGRAM.
    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
the amount of $610,700,000 for--
            (1) the destruction of lethal chemical agents and munitions 
        in accordance with section 1412 of the Department of Defense 
        Authorization Act, 1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521); and
            (2) the destruction of chemical warfare materiel of the 
        United States that is not covered by section 1412 of such Act.
SEC. 108. DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAMS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for the Department of Defense for procurement for carrying out health 
care programs, projects, and activities of the Department of Defense in 
the total amount of $279,068,000.
SEC. 109. DEFENSE EXPORT LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for the Department of Defense for carrying out the Defense Export Loan 
Guarantee Program in the total amount of $1,231,000.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters
SEC. 121. LIMITATION ON OBLIGATION OF FUNDS FOR THE SEAWOLF SUBMARINE 
              PROGRAM.
    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not obligate more 
than 50 percent of the funds appropriated for fiscal year 1998 for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion for the Navy that are specified as being 
available for the Seawolf submarine program until the Secretary 
certifies to the congressional defense committees that the Secretary 
will include in the future-years defense program accompanying the 
fiscal year 1999 budget for the Department of Defense not less than 50 
percent of the amount necessary to fully fund incorporation into each 
of the first four vessels in the New Attack Submarine program the 
technology insertion opportunities specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Technology Insertion Opportunities.--The technology insertion 
opportunities referred to in subsection (a) are those technology 
insertion opportunities available for the first four vessels in the New 
Attack Submarine program that were presented by the Assistant Secretary 
of the Navy (Research, Development, and Acquisition) in testimony 
before the Procurement Subcommittee of the Committee on National 
Security of the House of Representatives on March 18, 1997.
SEC. 122. REPORT ON ANNUAL BUDGET SUBMISSION REGARDING THE RESERVE 
              COMPONENTS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 1013 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 10544. Budget information
    ``(a) Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional committees specified in subsection (d), at the same time 
that the President submits the budget for a fiscal year under section 
1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, a report on amounts requested 
in that budget for the reserve components.
    ``(b) Content.--The report shall include the following:
            ``(1) A description of the anticipated effect that the 
        amounts requested (if approved by Congress) will have to 
        enhance the capabilities of each of the reserve components.
            ``(2) A listing, with respect to each such component, of 
        each of the following:
                    ``(A) The amount requested for each major weapon 
                system for which funds are requested in the budget for 
                that component.
                    ``(B) The amount requested for each item of 
                equipment (other than a major weapon system) for which 
                funds are requested in the budget for that component.
    ``(c) Inclusion of Information in Next FYDP.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall specifically display in the each future-years defense 
program (or program revision) submitted to Congress under section 221 
of this title the amounts programmed for procurement of equipment for 
each of the reserve components.
    ``(d) Congressional Committees Specified.--The congressional 
committees referred to in subsection (a) are the following:
            ``(1) The Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate.
            ``(2) The Committee on National Security and the Committee 
        on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
    ``(e) Exclusion of Coast Guard Reserve.--In this section, the term 
`reserve components' does not include the Coast Guard Reserve.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``10544. Budget information.''.
         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION
              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation as follows:
            (1) For the Army, $4,752,913,000.
            (2) For the Navy, $7,946,996,000.
            (3) For the Air Force, $14,659,736,000.
            (4) For Defense-wide activities, $9,914,080,000, of which--
                    (A) $279,683,000 is authorized for the activities 
                of the Director, Test and Evaluation; and
                    (B) $23,384,000 is authorized for the Director of 
                Operational Test and Evaluation.
SEC. 202. AMOUNT FOR BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH.
    (a) Fiscal Year 1998.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
by section 201, $4,131,871,000 shall be available for basic research 
and applied research projects.
    (b) Basic Research and Applied Research Defined.--For purposes of 
this section, the term ``basic research and applied research'' means 
work funded in program elements for defense research and development 
under Department of Defense category 6.1 or 6.2.
SEC. 203. DUAL-USE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.
    (a) Funding Requirement.--Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to 
the authorizations in section 201 for the Department of Defense for 
science and technology programs for each of fiscal years 1998 through 
2001, at least the following percentages of such amounts shall be 
available in the applicable fiscal year only for dual-use projects of 
the Department of Defense:
            (1) For fiscal year 1998, 5 percent.
            (2) For fiscal year 1999, 7 percent.
            (3) For fiscal year 2000, 10 percent.
            (4) For fiscal year 2001, 15 percent.
    (b) Senior Official for Dual-Use Program.--The person responsible 
for developing policy relating to, and ensuring effective 
implementation of, the dual-use technology program of the Department of 
Defense is the senior official designated by the Secretary of Defense 
under section 203(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2451).
    (c) Limitation on Obligations.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph 
(2), funds made available pursuant to subsection (a) may not be 
obligated until the senior official referred to in subsection (b) 
approves the obligation.
    (2) Paragraph (1) does not apply with respect to funds made 
available pursuant to subsection (a) to the Defense Advanced Research 
Projects Agency.
    (3) Funds made available pursuant to subsection (a) may be used for 
a dual-use project only if the contract, cooperative agreement, or 
other transaction by which the project is carried out is entered into 
through the use of competitive procedures.
    (d) Transfer Authority.--In addition to the transfer authority 
provided in section 1001, the Secretary of Defense may transfer funds 
made available pursuant to subsection (a) for a dual-use project from a 
military department or defense agency to another military department or 
defense agency to ensure efficient implementation of the dual-use 
technology program. The Secretary may delegate the authority provided 
in the preceding sentence to the senior official referred to in 
subsection (b).
    (e) Federal Cost Share.--(1) The share contributed by the Secretary 
of a military department or the head of a defense agency for the cost 
of a dual-use project during fiscal years 1998, 1999, 2000, and 2001 
may not be greater than 50 percent of the cost of the project for that 
fiscal year.
    (2) In calculating the share of the costs of a dual-use program 
contributed by a military department or a non-Government entity, the 
Secretaries of the military departments may not consider in-kind 
contributions.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``dual-use technology 
program'', ``dual-use project'', and ``science and technology program'' 
have the meanings provided by section 203(h) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 
2452).
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations
SEC. 211. MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.
    Section 2525 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Funding Requirement.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
Secretary of Defense shall make available each fiscal year for the 
Manufacturing Technology Program the greater of the following amounts:
            ``(A) 0.25 percent of the amount available for the fiscal 
        year concerned for the demonstration and validation, 
        engineering and manufacturing development, operational systems 
        development, and procurement programs of the military 
        departments and Defense Agencies.
            ``(B) The amount authorized to be appropriated by law for 
        the fiscal year concerned for projects of the military 
        departments and Defense Agencies under the Manufacturing 
        Technology Program.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) applies to fiscal years 1998, 1999, and 2000.
    ``(f) Transfer Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may transfer 
funds made available pursuant to subsection (e) from a military 
department or Defense Agency to another military department or Defense 
Agency to ensure efficient implementation of the Manufacturing 
Technology Program. The Secretary may delegate the authority provided 
in the preceding sentence to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Technology. Authority to transfer funds under this 
subsection is in addition to any other authority provided by law to 
transfer funds (whether enacted before, on, or after the date of the 
enactment of this section) and is not subject to any dollar limitation 
or notification requirement contained in any other such authority to 
transfer funds.
    ``(g) Report.--(1) At the same time the President submits to 
Congress the budget for fiscal year 1999 pursuant to section 1105(a) of 
title 31, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
that--
            ``(A) specifies the plans of the Secretary for expenditures 
        under the program during fiscal years 1998, 1999, and 2000; and
            ``(B) assesses the effectiveness of the program.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall submit an updated version of such report 
at the same time the President submits the budget for each fiscal year 
after fiscal year 1999 during which the program is in effect shall 
include--
            ``(A) an assessment of whether the funding of the program, 
        as provided pursuant to the funding requirement of subsection 
        (e), is sufficient; and
            ``(B) any recommendations considered appropriate by the 
        Secretary for changes in, or an extension of, the funding 
        requirement of subsection (e).''.
SEC. 212. REPORT ON STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
              PROGRAM.
    (a) Report.--Not later than February 28, 1998, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to Congress a report containing, for each project 
or activity of the Strategic Environmental Research and Development 
Program--
            (1) an explanation of why the project or activity is not 
        duplicative of environmentally related research, development, 
        and demonstration activities of other departments and agencies 
        of the Federal Government, of State and local governments, or 
        of other organizations engaged in such activities; and
            (2) an explanation of why the project or activity is 
        uniquely related to and necessary for the mission of the 
        Department of Defense.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds Pending Submission of Report.--Not 
more than 50 percent of the funds appropriated for the Strategic 
Environmental Research and Development Program pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 201(4) may be expended until 
the Secretary of Defense submits the report required under this 
section.
SEC. 213. TACTICAL UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES.
    (a) Prohibition on Funding for Outrider ACTD Program.--No funds 
authorized to be appropriated under section 201 may be obligated for 
the Outrider Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) program.
    (b) Funding Requirements.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated for tactical unmanned aerial vehicles (TUAV) under section 
201--
            (1) $10,000,000 shall be available to carry out a 
        competition for an unmanned aerial vehicle capable of vertical 
        takeoff and landing; and
            (2) $11,500,000 shall be available to provide a Predator 
        Unmanned Aerial Vehicle system equipped with synthetic aperture 
        radar and associated equipment to facilitate the development of 
        a common Tactical Control System for unmanned aerial vehicles.
SEC. 214. REVISIONS TO MEMBERSHIP OF AND APPOINTMENT AUTHORITY FOR 
              NATIONAL OCEAN RESEARCH LEADERSHIP COUNCIL.
    (a) Membership Revisions.--Section 7902(b) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking out paragraph (11); and
            (2) in paragraph (17), by striking out ``One member'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``Not more than four members''.
    (b) Appointment Authority Revisions.--Section 7902 of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraphs (14), (15), (16), and (17) of subsection 
        (b), by striking out ``chairman'' each place it appears and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``President''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j) Delegation of Appointment Authority.--The President may 
delegate the authority to make appointments under subsection (b) to the 
head of a department, without authority to redelegate.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 7902 of such title is 
further amended--
            (A) in subsection (b), by redesignating paragraphs (12), 
        (13), (14), (15), (16), and (17) as paragraphs (11), (12), 
        (13), (14), (15), and (16), respectively; and
            (B) in subsection (d), by striking out ``(14), (15), (16), 
        or (17)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(13), (14), (15), or 
        (16)''.
    (2) Section 282 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2473) is amended by 
striking out subsection (c).
SEC. 215. MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR OF REAL PROPERTY AT AIR FORCE 
              INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 949 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 9782. Maintenance and repair of real property
    ``(a) Allocation of Funds.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
allocate funds authorized to be appropriated by a provision described 
in subsection (c) and a provision described in subsection (d) for 
maintenance and repair of real property at military installations of 
the Department of the Air Force without regard to whether the 
installation is supported with funds authorized by a provision 
described in subsection (c) or (d).
    ``(b) Mixing of Funds Prohibited on Individual Projects.--The 
Secretary of the Air Force may not combine funds authorized to be 
appropriated by a provision described in subsection (c) and funds 
authorized to be appropriated by a provision described in subsection 
(d) for an individual project for maintenance and repair of real 
property at a military installation of the Department of the Air Force.
    ``(c) Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation Funds.--The 
provision described in this subsection is a provision of a national 
defense authorization Act that authorizes funds to be appropriated for 
a fiscal year to the Air Force for research, development, test, and 
evaluation.
    ``(d) Operation and Maintenance Funds.--The provision described in 
this subsection is a provision of a national defense authorization Act 
that authorizes funds to be appropriated for a fiscal year to the Air 
Force for operation and maintenance.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``9782. Maintenance and repair of real property.''.
SEC. 216. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR DEFENSE EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM TO 
              STIMULATE COMPETITIVE RESEARCH.
    Section 257 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by adding 
at the end of subsection (d) the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) In this section, the term `State' means a State of 
        the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth 
        of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and 
        the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.''.
SEC. 217. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ADAPTION OF INTEGRATED 
              DEFENSIVE ELECTRONIC COUNTERMEASURES (IDECM) PROGRAM TO 
              F/A-18E/F AIRCRAFT AND A/V-8B AIRCRAFT.
    Not more than 50 percent of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated in section 201(2) for development of the Integrated 
Defensive Electronic Countermeasures (IDECM) program for adaption to 
the F/A-18E/F aircraft and the AV-8B aircraft may be obligated until 
the amount authorized in section 201(2) for development of the IDECM 
program for adaption to the F/A-18C/D aircraft is obligated.
SEC. 218. BIOASSAY TESTING OF VETERANS EXPOSED TO IONIZING RADIATION 
              DURING MILITARY SERVICE.
        Of the amount provided in section 201(4), $300,000 shall be 
available for the Nuclear Test Personnel Review Program conducted by 
the Defense Special Weapons Agency.
             Subtitle C--Ballistic Missile Defense Programs
SEC. 231. BUDGETARY TREATMENT OF AMOUNTS REQUESTED FOR PROCUREMENT FOR 
              BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAMS.
    (a) Requirement for Inclusion in Budget of BMDO.--(1) Chapter 9 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 222 
the following new section:
``Sec. 224. Ballistic missile defense programs: amounts for procurement
    ``(a) Requirement.--Any amount in the budget submitted to Congress 
under section 1105 of title 31 for any fiscal year for procurement for 
the National Missile Defense program or for any system that is part of 
the core theater missile defense program shall be set forth under the 
account of the Department of Defense for Defense-wide procurement and, 
within that account, under the subaccount (or other budget activity 
level) for the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.
    ``(b) Core Theater Ballistic Missile Defense Program.--For purposes 
of this section, the core theater missile defense program consists of 
the systems specified in section 234 of the Ballistic Missile Defense 
Act of 1995 (10 U.S.C. 2431 note).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
222 the following new item:
``224. Ballistic missile defense programs: amounts for procurement.''.
SEC. 232. COOPERATIVE BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAM.
    (a) Requirement for New Program Element.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish a program element for the Ballistic Missile Defense 
Organization, to be referred to as the ``Cooperative Ballistic Missile 
Defense Program'', to support technical and analytical cooperative 
efforts between the United States and other nations that contribute to 
United States ballistic missile defense capabilities. All international 
cooperative ballistic missile defense programs of the Department of 
Defense shall be budgeted and administered through that program 
element.
    (b) Relationship to Other Program Elements.--The program element 
established pursuant to subsection (a) is in addition to the program 
elements for activities of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization 
required under section 251 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 233; 10 U.S.C. 221 
note).
SEC. 233. DEPLOYMENT DATES FOR CORE THEATER MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAMS.
    (a) Change in Deployment Dates.--Section 234(a) of the Ballistic 
Missile Defense Act of 1995 (subtitle C of title II of Public Law 104-
106; 110 Stat. 229; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking out 
        ``, to be carried out so as to achieve the specified 
        capabilities'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``, with a first unit 
        equipped (FUE) during fiscal year 1998'';
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``Navy Lower Tier 
        (Area) system'' and all that follows through ``fiscal year 
        1999'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Navy Area Defense 
        system'';
            (4) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking out ``with a'' and inserting in 
                lieu thereof ``to be carried out so as to achieve a''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking out ``fiscal year 1998'' and 
                ``fiscal year 2000'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``fiscal year 2000'' and ``fiscal year 2004'', respectively; 
and
            (5) in paragraph (4), by striking out ``Navy Upper Tier 
        (Theater Wide) system, with'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``Navy Theater Wide system, to be carried out so as to 
        achieve''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments for Program Element Name Changes.--
Section 251(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 233; 10 U.S.C. 221 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``Navy Lower Tier 
        (Area) system'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Navy Area 
        Defense system''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking out ``Navy Upper Tier 
        (Theater Wide) system'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Navy 
        Theater Wide system''.
SEC. 234. ANNUAL REPORT ON THREAT POSED TO THE UNITED STATES BY WEAPONS 
              OF MASS DESTRUCTION, BALLISTIC MISSILES, AND CRUISE 
              MISSILES.
    (a) Annual Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress by January 30 of each year a report on the threats posed to 
the United States and allies of the United States--
            (1) by weapons of mass destruction, ballistic missiles, and 
        cruise missiles; and
            (2) by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, 
        ballistic missiles, and cruise missiles.
    (b) Consultation.--Each report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
be prepared in consultation with the Director of Central Intelligence.
    (c) Matters To Be Included.--Each report submitted under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) Identification of each foreign country and non-State 
        organization that possesses weapons of mass destruction, 
        ballistic missiles, or cruise missiles, and a description of 
        such weapons and missiles with respect to each such foreign 
        country and non-State organization.
            (2) A description of the means by which any foreign country 
        and non-State organization that has achieved capability with 
        respect to weapons of mass destruction, ballistic missiles, or 
        cruise missiles has achieved that capability, including a 
        description of the international network of foreign countries 
        and private entities that provide assistance to foreign 
        countries and non-State organizations in achieving that 
        capability.
            (3) An examination of the doctrines that guide the use of 
        weapons of mass destruction in each foreign country that 
        possesses such weapons.
            (4) An examination of the existence and implementation of 
        the control mechanisms that exist with respect to nuclear 
        weapons in each foreign country that possesses such weapons.
            (5) Identification of each foreign country and non-State 
        organization that seeks to acquire or develop (indigenously or 
        with foreign assistance) weapons of mass destruction, ballistic 
        missiles, or cruise missiles, and a description of such weapons 
        and missiles with respect to each such foreign country and non-
        State organization.
            (6) An assessment of various possible timelines for the 
        achievement by foreign countries and non-State organizations of 
        capability with respect to weapons of mass destruction, 
        ballistic missiles, and cruise missiles, taking into account 
        the probability of whether the Russian Federation and the 
        People's Republic of China will comply with the Missile 
        Technology Control Regime, the potential availability of 
        assistance from foreign technical specialists, and the 
        potential for independent sales by foreign private entities 
        without authorization from their national Governments.
            (7) For each foreign country or non-State organization that 
        has not achieved the capability to target the United States or 
        its territories with weapons of mass destruction, ballistic 
        missiles, or cruise missiles as of the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, an estimate of how far in advance the United States 
        is likely to be warned before such foreign country or non-State 
        organization achieves that capability.
            (8) For each foreign country or non-State organization that 
        has not achieved the capability to target members of the United 
        States Armed Forces deployed abroad with weapons of mass 
        destruction, ballistic missiles, or cruise missiles as of the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, an estimate of how far in 
        advance the United States is likely to be warned before such 
        foreign country or non-State organization achieves that 
        capability.
    (d) Classification.--Each report under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in classified and unclassified form.
SEC. 235. DIRECTOR OF BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE ORGANIZATION.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 8 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 203. Director of Ballistic Missile Defense Organization
    ``(a) Grade.--The position of Director of the Ballistic Missile 
Defense Organization--
            ``(1) may only be held by an officer of the armed forces on 
        the active-duty list; and
            ``(2) shall be designated under section 601 of this title 
        as a position of importance and responsibility to carry the 
        grade of general or admiral or lieutenant general or vice 
        admiral.
    ``(b) Line of Authority to Secretary of Defense.--The Director of 
the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization reports directly to the 
Secretary of Defense and (if so directed by the Secretary) the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense, without intervening review or approval by any 
other officer of the Department of Defense, with respect to all matters 
pertaining to the management of ballistic missile defense programs for 
which the Director has responsibility (including matters pertaining to 
the status of those programs and the budgets for those programs).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such subchapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``203. Director of Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.''.
SEC. 236. TACTICAL HIGH ENERGY LASER PROGRAM.
    (a) Transfer of Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall transfer 
the Tactical High Energy Laser program from the Secretary of the Army 
to the Director of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, to be 
carried out under the Cooperative Ballistic Missile Defense Program 
established pursuant to section 232(a).
    (b) Authorization.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 201, $38,200,000 is authorized for the Tactical High Energy 
Laser program.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations
SEC. 301. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE FUNDING.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, in amounts as follows:
            (1) For the Army, $17,185,034,000.
            (2) For the Navy, $21,372,699,000.
            (3) For the Marine Corps, $2,381,245,000.
            (4) For the Air Force, $18,745,985,000.
            (5) For Defense-wide activities, $10,030,057,000.
            (6) For the Army Reserve, $1,202,891,000.
            (7) For the Naval Reserve, $849,711,000.
            (8) For the Marine Corps Reserve, $110,366,000.
            (9) For the Air Force Reserve, $1,629,120,000.
            (10) For the Army National Guard, $2,266,432,000.
            (11) For the Air National Guard, $2,985,969,000.
            (12) For the Defense Inspector General, $136,580,000.
            (13) For the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed 
        Forces, $6,952,000.
            (14) For Environmental Restoration, Army, $377,337,000.
            (15) For Environmental Restoration, Navy, $277,500,000.
            (16) For Environmental Restoration, Air Force, 
        $378,900,000.
            (17) For Environmental Restoration, Defense-wide, 
        $27,900,000.
            (18) For Environmental Restoration, Formerly Used Defense 
        Sites, $202,300,000.
            (19) For Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic Aid 
        programs, $50,000,000.
            (20) For Drug Interdiction and Counter-drug Activities, 
        Defense-wide, $661,671,000.
            (21) For the Kaho'olawe Island Conveyance, Remediation, and 
        Environmental Restoration Trust Fund, $10,000,000.
            (22) For Medical Programs, Defense, $9,975,382,000.
            (23) For Cooperative Threat Reduction programs, 
        $284,700,000.
            (24) For Overseas Contingency Operations Transfer Fund, 
        $1,467,500,000.
SEC. 302. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for providing capital for working capital and 
revolving funds in amounts as follows:
            (1) For the Defense Working Capital Funds, $971,952,000.
            (2) For the National Defense Sealift Fund, $1,181,626,000.
SEC. 303. ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME.
    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998 
from the Armed Forces Retirement Home Trust Fund the sum of $79,977,000 
for the operation of the Armed Forces Retirement Home, including the 
United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home and the Naval Home.
SEC. 304. TRANSFER FROM NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE TRANSACTION FUND.
    (a) Transfer Authority.--To the extent provided in appropriations 
Acts, not more than $150,000,000 is authorized to be transferred from 
the National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund to operation and 
maintenance accounts for fiscal year 1998 in amounts as follows:
            (1) For the Army, $50,000,000.
            (2) For the Navy, $50,000,000.
            (3) For the Air Force, $50,000,000.
    (b) Treatment of Transfers.--Amounts transferred under this 
section--
            (1) shall be merged with, and be available for the same 
        purposes and the same period as, the amounts in the accounts to 
        which transferred; and
            (2) may not be expended for an item that has been denied 
        authorization of appropriations by Congress.
    (c) Relationship to Other Transfer Authority.--The transfer 
authority provided in this section is in addition to the transfer 
authority provided in section 1001.
SEC. 305. REFURBISHMENT AND INSTALLATION OF AIR SEARCH RADAR.
    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 
301(2) for operation and maintenance for the Navy, $6,000,000 shall be 
available only for the refurbishment and installation of the AN/SPS-48E 
air search radar for the Ship Self Defense System at the Integrated 
Ship Defense Systems Engineering Center, Naval Surface Warfare Center, 
Wallops Islands, Virginia.
SEC. 306. REFURBISHMENT OF M1-A1 TANKS.
    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 
301(1) for operation and maintenance for the Army, $35,000,000 shall be 
available only for refurbishment of M1-A1 tanks at the Anniston Army 
Depot under the AIM-XXI program if the Secretary of Defense determines 
that the cost effectiveness of the pilot AIM-XXI program is validated 
through user trials conducted at the National Training Center, Fort 
Irwin, California.
SEC. 307. PROCUREMENT AND ELECTRONIC COMMERCE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE 
              PROGRAM.
    (a) Authorization.--Subject to subsection (c), of the amount 
authorized to be appropriated under section 301(5), $15,000,000 shall 
be available for carrying out the provisions of chapter 142 of title 
10, United States Code.
    (b) Prohibition.--Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of 
Defense may not obligate or expend any funds available for research, 
development, test, and evaluation to establish or operate a resource 
center or program to provide technical assistance relating to 
electronic commerce.
    (c) Limitation.--Subsections (a) and (b) apply only in the event of 
the consolidation of the procurement technical assistance program and 
the electronic commerce resource program as a single technical 
assistance program funded with amounts available for operation and 
maintenance.
SEC. 308. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR SEPARATION PAY FOR DEFENSE 
              ACQUISITION PERSONNEL.
    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 
301(5) for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities, 
$100,000,000 shall be available only for the payment of separation pay 
for defense acquisition personnel (other than pursuant to section 5597 
of title 5, United States Code).
                 Subtitle B--Military Readiness Issues
SEC. 311. EXPANSION OF SCOPE OF QUARTERLY READINESS REPORTS.
    (a) Expanded Reports Required.--Section 482 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 482. Quarterly readiness reports
    ``(a) Quarterly Reports Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
end of each calendar-year quarter, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives a report 
on military readiness. The report for a quarter shall contain the 
information required by subsections (b) (d), and (e).
    ``(b) Readiness Problems and Remedial Actions.--Each report shall 
specifically describe--
            ``(1) readiness problems or deficiencies identified using 
        the assessments considered under subsection (c);
            ``(2) planned remedial actions; and
            ``(3) the key indicators and other relevant information 
        related to the identified problem or deficiency.
    ``(c) Consideration of Readiness Assessments.--The information 
required under subsection (b) to be included in the report for a 
quarter shall be based on readiness assessments that are provided 
during that quarter--
            ``(1) to any council, committee, or other body of the 
        Department of Defense--
                    ``(A) that has responsibility for readiness 
                oversight; and
                    ``(B) whose membership includes at least one 
                civilian officer in the Office of the Secretary of 
                Defense at the level of Assistant Secretary of Defense 
                or higher;
            ``(2) by senior civilian and military officers of the 
        military departments and the commanders of the unified and 
        specified commands; and
            ``(3) as part of any regularly established process of 
        periodic readiness reviews for the Department of Defense as a 
        whole.
    ``(d) Comprehensive Readiness Indicators.--Each report shall also 
include information regarding each military department (and an 
evaluation of such information) with respect to each of the following 
readiness indicators:
            ``(1) Personnel strength.--
                    ``(A) Individual personnel status.
                    ``(B) Historical and projected personnel trends.
            ``(2) Personnel turbulence.--
                    ``(A) Recruit quality.
                    ``(B) Borrowed manpower.
                    ``(C) Personnel stability.
            ``(3) Other personnel matters.--
                    ``(A) Personnel morale.
                    ``(B) Medical and dental readiness.
                    ``(C) Recruit shortfalls.
            ``(4) Training.--
                    ``(A) Training unit readiness and proficiency.
                    ``(B) Operations tempo.
                    ``(C) Training funding.
                    ``(D) Training commitments and deployments.
            ``(5) Logistics--equipment fill.--
                    ``(A) Deployed equipment.
                    ``(B) Equipment availability.
                    ``(C) Equipment that is not mission capable.
                    ``(D) Age of equipment.
                    ``(E) Condition of nonpacing items.
            ``(6) Logistics--equipment maintenance.--
                    ``(A) Maintenance backlog.
            ``(7) Logistics--supply.--
                    ``(A) Availability of ordnance and spares.
    ``(e) Unit Readiness Indicators.--Each report shall also include 
information regarding the readiness of each unit of the armed forces at 
the battalion, squadron, or an equivalent level (or a higher level) 
that received a readiness rating of C-3 (or below) for any month of the 
calendar-year quarter covered by the report. With respect to each such 
unit, the report shall separately provide the following information:
            ``(1) The unit designation and level of organization.
            ``(2) The overall readiness rating for the unit for the 
        quarter and each month of the quarter.
            ``(3) The resource area or areas (personnel, equipment and 
        supplies on hand, equipment condition, or training) that 
        adversely affected the unit's readiness rating for the quarter.
            ``(4) If the unit received a readiness rating below C-1 in 
        personnel for the quarter, the primary reason for the lower 
        rating, by reason code and definition.
            ``(5) If the unit received a readiness rating below C-1 in 
        equipment and supplies on hand for the quarter, the primary 
        reason for the lower rating, by reason code and definition.
            ``(6) If the unit received a readiness rating below C-1 in 
        equipment condition for the quarter, the primary reason for the 
        lower rating, by reason code and definition.
            ``(7) If the unit received a readiness rating below C-1 in 
        training for the quarter, the primary reason for the lower 
        rating, by reason code and definition.
    ``(f) Classification of Reports.--A report under this section shall 
be submitted in unclassified form. To the extent the Secretary of 
Defense determines necessary, the report may also be submitted in 
classified form.''.
    (b) Implementation Plan to Examine Readiness Indicators.--Not later 
than January 15, 1998, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a plan--
            (1) specifying the manner in which the Secretary will 
        implement the additional reporting requirement of subsection 
        (d) of section 482 of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        this section; and
            (2) specifying the criteria proposed to be used to evaluate 
        the readiness indicators identified in such subsection (d).
    (c) Limitation Pending Receipt of Implementation Plan.--Of the 
amount available for fiscal year 1998 for operation and support 
activities of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, 10 percent may 
not be obligated until after the date on which the implementation plan 
required by subsection (b) is submitted.
    (d) First Report; Transition.--The first report required under 
section 482 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection 
(a), shall be submitted not later than October 31, 1997. Until the 
report required for the third quarter of 1998 is submitted, the 
Secretary of Defense may omit the information required by subsection 
(d) of such section if the Secretary determines that it is 
impracticable to comply with such subsection with regard to the 
preceding reports.
SEC. 312. LIMITATION ON REALLOCATION OF FUNDS WITHIN OPERATION AND 
              MAINTENANCE APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) Limitation.--Whenever the Secretary of Defense proposes to 
reallocate funds within an O&M budget activity in a manner described in 
subsection (b), the reallocation may be made only--
            (1) after the Secretary submits to the congressional 
        defense committees notice of the proposed reallocation; and
            (2) if the procedures generally applicable to transfers of 
        funds between appropriations of the Department of Defense have 
        been followed with respect to such reallocation.
    (b) Covered Reallocations.--Subsection (a) applies in the case of 
any reallocation of funds from a subactivity of an O&M budget activity 
to another subactivity within the same O&M budget activity or to 
another O&M budget activity within the same operation and maintenance 
appropriation if the amount to be reallocated, when added to any 
previous amounts reallocated from that subactivity for that fiscal 
year, is in excess of $10,000,000.
    (c) O&M Budget Activity Defined.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``O&M budget activity'' means a budget activity within an 
operation and maintenance appropriation of the Department of Defense 
for a fiscal year.
    (d) Covered Fiscal Years.--This section applies with respect to 
funds appropriated for fiscal years 1998, 1999, and 2000.
SEC. 313. OPERATION OF PREPOSITIONED FLEET, NATIONAL TRAINING CENTER, 
              FORT IRWIN, CALIFORNIA.
    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 
301(1) for operation and maintenance for the Army, $60,200,000 shall be 
available only to pay costs associated with the operation of the 
prepositioned fleet of equipment during training rotations at the 
National Training Center, Fort Irwin, California.
SEC. 314. PROHIBITION OF IMPLEMENTATION OF TIERED READINESS SYSTEM.
    (a) Prohibition.--The Secretary of a military department may not 
implement, or be required to implement, a readiness system for units of 
the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of that Secretary under which a 
military unit would be categorized into one of several categories (or 
``tiers'') according to the likelihood that the unit will be required 
to respond to a military conflict and the time in which the unit will 
be required to respond, if that system would have the effect of 
changing the methods used as of October 1, 1996, by the Armed Forces 
under the jurisdiction of that Secretary for determining the priorities 
for allocating to such military units funding, personnel, equipment, 
equipment maintenance, and training resources, and the associated 
levels of readiness of those units that result from those priorities.
    (b) Report to Congress Requesting Waiver.--If the Secretary of 
Defense determines that implementation, for one or more of the Armed 
Forces, of a tiered readiness system that is otherwise prohibited by 
subsection (a) would be in the national security interests of the 
United States, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the 
House of Representatives a report setting forth that determination of 
the Secretary, together with the rationale for that determination, and 
a request for the enactment of legislation to allow implementation of 
such a system.
SEC. 315. REPORTS ON TRANSFERS FROM HIGH-PRIORITY READINESS 
              APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) Annual and Quarterly Reports Required.--Chapter 23 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:
``Sec. 483. Reports on transfers from high-priority readiness 
              appropriations
    ``(a) Annual Reports.--Not later than the date on which the 
President submits the budget for a fiscal year to Congress pursuant to 
section 1105 of title 31, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
Senate and the Committee on National Security and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the House of Representatives a report on transfers 
during the preceding fiscal year from funds available for each covered 
budget activity.
    ``(b) Quarterly Reports.--Not later than 30 days after the end of 
each quarter of a fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional committees specified in subsection (a) a report on 
transfers, during that fiscal year quarter, from funds available for 
each covered budget activity.
    ``(c) Matters To Be Included.--In each report under subsection (a) 
or (b), the Secretary of Defense shall include for each covered budget 
activity the following:
            ``(1) A statement, for the period covered by the report, 
        of--
                    ``(A) the total amount of transfers into funds 
                available for that activity;
                    ``(B) the total amount of transfers from funds 
                available for that activity; and
                    ``(C) the net amount of transfers into, or out of, 
                funds available for that activity.
            ``(2) A detailed explanation of the transfers into, and out 
        of, funds available for that activity during the period covered 
        by the report.
    ``(d) Covered Budget Activity Defined.--In this section, the term 
`covered budget activity' means each of the following:
            ``(1) The budget activity groups (known as `subactivities') 
        within the Operating Forces budget activity of the annual 
        Operation and Maintenance, Army, appropriation that are 
        designated as follows:
                    ``(A) All subactivities under the category of Land 
                Forces.
                    ``(B) Land Forces Depot Maintenance.
                    ``(C) Base Support.
                    ``(D) Maintenance of Real Property.
            ``(2) The Air Operations budget activity groups (known as 
        `subactivities') within the Operating Forces budget activity of 
        the annual Operation and Maintenance, Navy, appropriation that 
        are designated as follows:
                    ``(A) Mission and Other Flight Operations.
                    ``(B) Fleet Air Training.
                    ``(C) Aircraft Depot Maintenance.
                    ``(D) Base Support.
                    ``(E) Maintenance of Real Property.
            ``(3) The Ship Operations budget activity groups (known as 
        `subactivities') within the Operating Forces budget activity of 
        the annual Operation and Maintenance, Navy, appropriation that 
        are designated as follows:
                    ``(A) Mission and Other Ship Operations.
                    ``(B) Ship Operational Support and Training.
                    ``(C) Ship Depot Maintenance.
                    ``(D) Base Support.
                    ``(E) Maintenance of Real Property.
            ``(4) The Expeditionary Forces budget activity groups 
        (known as `subactivities') within the Operating Forces budget 
        activity of the annual Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps, 
        appropriation that are designated as follows:
                    ``(A) Operational Forces.
                    ``(B) Depot Maintenance.
                    ``(C) Base Support.
                    ``(D) Maintenance of Real Property.
            ``(5) The Air Operations and Combat Related Operations 
        budget activity groups (known as `subactivities') within the 
        Operating Forces budget activity of the annual Operation and 
        Maintenance, Air Force, appropriation that are designated as 
        follows:
                    ``(A) Primary Combat Forces.
                    ``(B) Primary Combat Weapons.
                    ``(C) Air Operations Training.
                    ``(D) Depot Maintenance.
                    ``(E) Base Support.
                    ``(F) Maintenance of Real Property.
            ``(6) The Mobility Operations budget activity group (known 
        as a `subactivity') within the Mobilization budget activity of 
        the annual Operation and Maintenance, Air Force, appropriation 
        that is designated as Airlift Operations.
    ``(e) Termination.--The requirements specified in subsections (a) 
and (b) shall terminate upon the submission of the annual report under 
subsection (a) covering fiscal year 2000.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``483. Reports on transfers from high-priority readiness 
                            appropriations.''.
SEC. 316. REPORT ON CHAIRMAN, JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF EXERCISE PROGRAM 
              AND PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE PROGRAM.
    (a) Report.--Not later than February 16, 1998, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives 
a report on the military exercises conducted by the Department of 
Defense during fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997 and the military 
exercises planned to be conducted during fiscal years 1998, 1999, and 
2000, under the training exercises program known as the ``CJCS Exercise 
Program'' and under the training exercises program known as the 
Partnership for Peace program.
    (b) Information on Exercises Conducted or To Be Conducted.--The 
report under subsection (a) shall include the following information for 
each such exercise, which shall be set forth by fiscal year and shown 
within fiscal year by the sponsoring command:
            (1) Name of the exercise.
            (2) Type, description, duration, and objectives of the 
        exercise
            (3) Command sponsoring the exercise.
            (4) Participating units, including the number of personnel 
        participating in each unit.
            (5) For each participating unit, the percentage of the 
        tasks on that unit's specification of tasks knows as a Mission 
        Essential Task List (or comparable specification, in the case 
        of any of the Armed Forces that do not maintain a Mission 
        Essential Task List designation) scheduled to be performed as 
        part of the exercise.
            (6) The cost of the exercise to the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff and the cost to each of the Armed Forces 
        participating in the exercise, with a description of the 
        categories of activities for which those costs are incurred in 
        each such case.
            (7) The priority of the exercise in relation to all other 
        exercises planned by the sponsoring command to be conducted 
        during that fiscal year.
            (8) In the case of an exercise conducted under the 
        Partnership for Peace program, the country with which each the 
        exercise was conducted.
    (c) Assessment.--The report shall include--
            (1) an assessment of the ability of each of the Armed 
        Forces to meet requirements of the CJCS Exercise Program and 
        the Partnership for Peace program with available assets;
            (2) an assessment of the training value of each exercise 
        covered in the report to each unit participating in the 
        exercise, including for each such unit an assessment of the 
        value of the percentage under subsection (b)(5) as an indicator 
        of the training value of the exercise for that unit; and
            (3) options to minimize the negative effects on operational 
        and personnel tempo resulting from the CJCS Exercise Program 
        and the Partnership for Peace program.
    (d) Funding Limitation Pending Receipt of Report.--Of the funds 
available for fiscal year 1998 for the conduct of the CJSC Exercise 
Program, not more than 50 percent may be expended before the report 
under subsection (a) is submitted.
SEC. 317. QUARTERLY REPORTS ON EXECUTION OF OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE 
              APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) Report Required.--Chapter 23 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 483, as added by section 315, the 
following new section:
``Sec. 484. Quarterly reports on execution of operation and maintenance 
              appropriations
    ``(a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the end of 
each quarter of a fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of 
the Senate and the Committee on National Security and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the House of Representatives a report containing 
budget execution data for each budget activity group (known as a 
`subactivity') within the annual operation and maintenance 
appropriations for the period covered by the report. A report shall 
cover all preceding quarters of the fiscal year involved.
    ``(b) Manner of Presenting Data.--The budget execution data 
required under subsection (a) shall be displayed for the fiscal year 
involved in the same manner used in the operation and maintenance 
tables contained in the budget justification document entitled `O-1 
Exhibit' submitted to Congress in support of the budget of the 
Department of Defense, as included in the budget of the President 
submitted under section 1105 of title 31.
    ``(c) Required Information.--The following information shall be 
provided for each budget activity group:
            ``(1) Amounts authorized to be appropriated.
            ``(2) Amounts appropriated.
            ``(3) Direct obligations.
            ``(4) Total obligational authority.
            ``(5) Amounts related to unbudgeted contingency operations.
            ``(6) Direct obligations related to unbudgeted contingency 
        operations.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
483, as added by section 315, the following new item:
``484. Quarterly reports on execution of operation and maintenance 
                            appropriations.''.
                     Subtitle C--Civilian Personnel
SEC. 321. PAY PRACTICES WHEN OVERSEAS TEACHERS TRANSFER TO GENERAL 
              SCHEDULE POSITIONS.
    Section 5334(d) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``is deemed increased by 20 percent'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``shall be increased by such amount as may be authorized, 
if any, under regulations issued by the Secretary of Defense, but not 
to exceed 20 percent,''.
SEC. 322. USE OF APPROVED FIRE-SAFE ACCOMMODATIONS BY GOVERNMENT 
              EMPLOYEES ON OFFICIAL BUSINESS.
    (a) Percentage Use Requirement.--Section 5707a of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (a) through (d) as 
        subsections (b) through (e), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after the section heading the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(a)(1) For the purpose of making payments under this chapter for 
lodging expenses incurred in a State, each agency shall ensure that not 
less than 90 percent of the commercial-lodging room nights for 
employees of that agency for a fiscal year are booked in approved 
places of public accommodation.
    ``(2) Each agency shall establish explicit procedures to satisfy 
the percentage requirement of paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Definitions.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) For purposes of this section:
            ``(1) The term `agency' does not include the government of 
        the District of Columbia.
            ``(2) The term `approved places of public accommodation' 
        means hotels, motels, and other places of public accommodation 
        that are listed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency as 
        meeting the requirements of the fire prevention and control 
        guidelines described in section 29 of the Federal Fire 
        Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (15 U.S.C. 2225).
            ``(3) The term `State' means any State, the District of 
        Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of 
        the Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory of the 
        Pacific Islands, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, or 
        any other territory or possession of the United States.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), as redesignated by subsection 
        (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking out ``places of public 
                accommodation that meet the requirements of the fire 
                prevention and control guidelines described in section 
                29 of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 
                1974'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``approved places 
                of public accommodation''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``as defined in section 4 of 
                the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974'';
            (2) in subsection (c), as redesignated by subsection 
        (a)(1), by striking out ``does not meet the requirements of the 
        fire prevention and control guidelines described in section 29 
        of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``is not an approved place of public 
        accommodation''; and
            (3) in subsection (e), as redesignated by subsection 
        (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking out ``encourage'' and inserting in 
                lieu thereof ``facilitate the ability of''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``places of public 
                accommodation that meet the requirements of the fire 
                prevention and control guidelines described in section 
                29 of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 
                1974'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``approved places 
                of public accommodation''.
    (d) Report on Implementation.--Not later than March 31, 1998, the 
Administrator of General Services, after consultation with the agencies 
covered by section 5707a of title 5, United States Code, shall submit 
to Congress a report describing the procedures established by each 
agency to satisfy the percentage requirement imposed by subsection (a) 
of such section, as amended by this section.
                   Subtitle D--Depot-Level Activities
SEC. 331. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR AVIATION DEPOTS AND NAVAL 
              SHIPYARDS TO ENGAGE IN DEFENSE-RELATED PRODUCTION AND 
              SERVICES.
    Section 1425(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1684) is amended by 
striking out ``September 30, 1997'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``September 30, 1999''.
SEC. 332. EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN LARGE MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR PROJECTS 
              FROM PERCENTAGE LIMITATION ON CONTRACTING FOR DEPOT-LEVEL 
              MAINTENANCE.
    Section 2466 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after subsection (a) the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Treatment of Certain Large Projects.--If a maintenance or 
repair project concerning an aircraft carrier or submarine that is 
contracted for performance by non-Federal Government personnel and that 
accounts for five percent or more of the funds made available in a 
fiscal year to a military department or a Defense Agency for depot-
level maintenance and repair workload, the project and the funds 
necessary for the project shall not be considered when applying the 
percentage limitation specified in subsection (a) to that military 
department or Defense Agency.''.
SEC. 333. RESTRICTIONS ON CONTRACTS FOR PERFORMANCE OF DEPOT-LEVEL 
              MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR AT CERTAIN FACILITIES.
    (a) Depot-Level Maintenance and Repair Defined.--(1) Chapter 146 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting before section 
2461 the following new section:
``Sec. 2460. Definition of depot-level maintenance and repair
    ``(a) In General.--In this chapter, the term `depot-level 
maintenance and repair' means material maintenance or repair requiring 
the overhaul, upgrading, or rebuilding of parts, assemblies, or 
subassemblies, and the testing and reclamation of equipment as 
necessary, regardless of the source of funds for the maintenance or 
repair. The term includes all aspects of software maintenance and such 
portions of interim contractor support, contractor logistics support, 
or any similar contractor support for the performance of services that 
are described in the preceding sentence.
    ``(b) Exception.--The term does not include the procurement of a 
major weapon system modification or upgrade, except where the changes 
to the system are primarily for safety reasons, to correct a 
deficiency, or to improve program performance.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting before the item relating to section 2461 the 
following new item:
``2460. Definition of depot-level maintenance and repair.''.
    (b) Restriction on Certain Contracts.--Section 2469 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (b), by striking out ``or 
        repair'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``and repair''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Restriction on Contracts at Certain Facilities.--
            ``(1) Restriction.--The Secretary of Defense may not enter 
        into any contract for the performance of depot-level 
        maintenance and repair of weapon systems or other military 
        equipment of the Department of Defense, or for the performance 
        of management functions related to depot-level maintenance and 
        repair of such systems or equipment, at any military 
        installation where a depot-level maintenance and repair 
        facility was approved in 1995 for closure under the Defense 
        Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX 
        of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note). In the preceding 
        sentence, the term `military installation' includes a former 
        military installation closed under the Act that was a military 
        installation when it was approved for closure under the Act.
            ``(2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply with 
        respect to an installation or former installation described in 
        such paragraph if the Secretary of Defense certifies to 
        Congress, not later than 45 days before entering into a 
        contract for depot-level maintenance and repair at the 
        installation or former installation, that--
                    ``(A) not less than 80 percent of the capacity at 
                each of the depot-level maintenance and repair 
                activities of the military department concerned is 
                being utilized on an ongoing basis to perform 
                industrial operations in support of the depot-level 
                maintenance and repair of weapon systems and other 
                military equipment of the Department of Defense;
                    ``(B) the Secretary has determined, on the basis of 
                a detailed analysis (which the Secretary shall submit 
                to Congress with the certification), that the total 
                amount of the costs of the proposed contract to the 
                Government, both recurring and nonrecurring and 
                including any costs associated with planning for and 
                executing the proposed contract, would be less than the 
                costs that would otherwise be incurred if the depot-
                level maintenance and repair to be performed under the 
                contract were performed using equipment and facilities 
                of the Department of Defense;
                    ``(C) all of the information upon which the 
                Secretary determined that the total costs to the 
                Government would be less under the contract is 
                available for examination; and
                    ``(D) none of the depot-level maintenance and 
                repair to be performed under the contract was 
                considered, before July 1, 1995, to be a core logistics 
                capability of the military department concerned 
                pursuant to section 2464 of this title.
            ``(3) Capacity of depot-level activities.--For purposes of 
        paragraph (2)(A), the capacity of depot-level maintenance and 
        repair activities shall be considered to be the same as the 
        maximum potential capacity identified by the Defense Base 
        Closure and Realignment Commission for purposes of the 
        selection in 1995 of military installations for closure or 
        realignment under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act 
        of 1990, without regard, after 1995, to any limitation on the 
maximum number of Federal employees (expressed as full time equivalent 
employees or otherwise), Federal employment levels, or the actual 
availability of equipment to support depot-level maintenance and 
repair.
            ``(4) GAO review.--At the same time that the Secretary 
        submits the certification and analysis to Congress under 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary shall submit a copy of the 
        certification and analysis to the Comptroller General. The 
        Comptroller General shall review the analysis and the 
        information referred to in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) 
        and, not later than 30 days after Congress receives the 
        certification, submit to Congress a report containing a 
        statement regarding whether the Comptroller General concurs 
        with the determination of the Secretary included in the 
        certification pursuant to subparagraph (B) of that paragraph.
            ``(5) Application.--This subsection shall apply with 
        respect to any contract described in paragraph (1) that is 
        entered into, or proposed to be entered into, after January 1, 
        1997.''.
SEC. 334. CORE LOGISTICS FUNCTIONS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Section 2464(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``a logistics 
        capability (including personnel, equipment, and facilities)'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``a core logistics capability 
        that is Government-owned and Government-operated (including 
        Government personnel and Government-owned and Government-
        operated equipment and facilities)'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``the logistics'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``the core logistics''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(3) Those core logistics activities identified under paragraphs 
(1) and (2) shall include the capability, facilities, and equipment to 
maintain and repair all types of weapon systems and other military 
equipment that are identified by the Secretary, in consultation with 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, as necessary to enable the armed forces to 
fulfill the national military strategy, including the capability and 
capacity to maintain and repair any new mission-essential weapon system 
or materiel within four years after the system or materiel achieves 
initial operational capability.
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall require the performance of 
core logistics activities identified under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) 
at Government-owned, Government-operated facilities of the Department 
of Defense (including Government-owned, Government-operated facilities 
of a military department) and shall assign such facilities sufficient 
workload to ensure cost efficiency and technical proficiency in 
peacetime while preserving the surge capacity and reconstitution 
capabilities necessary to meet the military contingencies provided for 
in the national military strategy.''.
SEC. 335. CENTERS OF INDUSTRIAL AND TECHNICAL EXCELLENCE.
    (a) Designation and Purpose.--(1) Chapter 146 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2474. Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence: 
              designation; public-private partnerships
    ``(a) Designation.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall designate 
each depot-level activity of the military departments and the Defense 
Agencies (other than facilities approved for closure or major 
realignment under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 
(part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note)) as a 
Center of Industrial and Technical Excellence in the recognized core 
competencies of the activity.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall establish a policy to encourage the 
Secretary of each military department and the head of each Defense 
Agency to reengineer industrial processes and adopt best-business 
practices at their depot-level activities in connection with their core 
competency requirements, so as to serve as recognized leaders in their 
core competencies throughout the Department of Defense and in the 
national technology and industrial base (as defined in section 2500(1) 
of this title).
    ``(b) Public-Private Partnerships.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
enable Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence to form public-
private partnerships for the performance of depot-level maintenance and 
repair and shall encourage the use of such partnerships to maximize the 
utilization of the capacity at such Centers.
    ``(c) Additional Work.--The policy required under subsection (a) 
shall include measures to enable a private sector entity that enters 
into a partnership arrangement under subsection (b) or leases excess 
equipment and facilities at a Center of Industrial and Technical 
Excellence pursuant to section 2471 of this title to perform 
additional work at the Center, subject to the limitations outlined in 
subsection (b) of such section, outside of the types of work normally 
assigned to the Center.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``2474. Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence: designation; 
                            public-private partnerships.''.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than March 1, 1998, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the policies 
established by the Secretary pursuant to section 2474 of title 10, 
United States Code, to implement the requirements of such section. The 
report shall include--
            (1) the details of any public-private partnerships entered 
        into as of that date under subsection (b) of such section;
            (2) the details of any leases entered into as of that date 
        under section 2471 of such title with authorized entities for 
        dual-use (military and nonmilitary) purposes; and
            (3) the effect that the partnerships and leases had on 
        capacity utilization, depot rate structures, and readiness.
SEC. 336. PERSONNEL REDUCTIONS, ARMY DEPOTS PARTICIPATING IN ARMY 
              WORKLOAD AND PERFORMANCE SYSTEM.
    The Secretary of the Army may not carry out a reduction in force of 
civilian employees at the five Army depots participating in the 
demonstration and testing of the Army Workload and Performance System 
until after the date on which the Secretary submits to Congress a 
report certifying that--
            (1) the Army Workload and Performance System is fully 
        operational; and
            (2) the manpower audits being performed by the Comptroller 
        General, the Army Audit Agency, and the Inspector General of 
        the Army as of the date of the enactment of this Act have been 
        completed.
                  Subtitle E--Environmental Provisions
SEC. 341. REVISION OF MEMBERSHIP TERMS FOR STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL 
              RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY 
              BOARD.
    Section 2904(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
paragraph (4) by striking out ``three'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``not less than two and not more than four''.
SEC. 342. AMENDMENTS TO AUTHORITY TO ENTER INTO AGREEMENTS WITH OTHER 
              AGENCIES IN SUPPORT OF ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY 
              CERTIFICATION.
    (a) Authority To Enter Into Agreements With Indian Tribes.--Section 
327 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 
(Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2483) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, or with an Indian 
        tribe,'' after ``with an agency of a State or local 
        government'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Definition.--In this section, the term `Indian tribe' has the 
meaning given that term by section 101(36) of the Comprehensive 
Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
U.S.C. 9601(36)).''.
    (b) Elimination of Certain Limitation on Authority.--Subsection 
(b)(1) of such section is amended by striking out ``in carrying out its 
environmental restoration activities''.
SEC. 343. AUTHORIZATION TO PAY NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL 
              CLEANUP AT FORMER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SITES IN CANADA.
    (a) Authorization.--To the extent provided in appropriations Acts, 
the Secretary of Defense may pay an amount to the Government of Canada 
of not more than $100,000,000 (in fiscal year 1996 constant dollars), 
for purposes of implementing the October 1996 negotiated settlement 
between the United States and Canada relating to environmental cleanup 
at various sites in Canada that were formerly used by the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Method of Payment.--The amount authorized by subsection (a) 
shall be paid in 10 annual payments, with the first payment made in 
fiscal year 1998.
    (c) Fiscal Year 1998 Payment.--The payment under this section for 
fiscal year 1998 shall be made from amounts appropriated pursuant to 
section 301(5).
SEC. 344. MODIFICATIONS OF AUTHORITY TO STORE AND DISPOSE OF NONDEFENSE 
              TOXIC AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS.
    (a) Authority To Store Materials Owned by Members of the Armed 
Forces.--Section 2692(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``either'' before ``by the Department''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``or by a member of the armed forces (or a dependent 
        of the member) assigned to or provided military housing on the 
        installation''.
    (b) Additional Exception to Limitation on Storage and Disposal.--
Section 2692(b) of such title is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (9) as 
        paragraphs (2) through (10), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
        the following new paragraph (1):
            ``(1) the storage, treatment, or disposal of materials that 
        will be or have been used in connection with an activity of the 
        Department of Defense or in connection with a service to be 
        performed on an installation of the Department for the benefit 
        of the Department;''.
    (c) Modification to Exception Relating to Storage or Disposal of 
Explosives To Assist Law Enforcement Agencies.--Section 2692(b) of such 
title is amended in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by subsection (b))--
            (1) by striking out ``Federal law enforcement'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``Federal, State, or local law 
        enforcement''; and
            (2) by striking out ``Federal agency'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``Federal, State, or local agency''.
    (d) Modification to Exception Relating to Storage of Material in 
Connection With Use of a Defense Facility.--Section 2692(b) of such 
title is amended in paragraph (9) (as redesignated by subsection (b))--
            (1) by striking out ``by a private person in connection 
        with the authorized and compatible use by that person of an 
        industrial-type'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``in connection 
        with the authorized use of a''; and
            (2) by striking out ``; and'' at the end and inserting in 
        lieu thereof the following: ``including the use of such a 
        facility for testing materiel and training personnel;''.
    (e) Modification to Exception Relating to Treatment and Disposal of 
Material in Connection With Use of a Defense Facility.--Section 2692(b) 
of such title is amended in paragraph (10) (as redesignated by 
subsection (b))--
            (1) by striking out ``by a private person in connection 
        with the authorized and compatible commercial use by that 
        person of an industrial-type'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``in connection with the authorized use of a'';
            (2) by striking out ``with that person'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``or agreement with the prospective user'';
            (3) by striking out ``for that person's'' in subparagraph 
        (B) and inserting in lieu thereof ``for the prospective 
        user's''; and
            (4) by striking out the period at the end and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``; and''.
    (f) Additional Exception Relating to Space Launch Facilities.--
Section 2692(b) of such title is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new paragraph:
            ``(11) the storage of any material that is not owned by the 
        Department of Defense if the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned determines that the material is required 
        or generated in connection with the use of a space launch 
        facility located on an installation of the Department of 
        Defense or on other land controlled by the United States.''.
    (g) Technical Amendments.--(1) Section 2692(a)(1) of such title is 
amended by striking out ``storage'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``storage, treatment,''.
    (2) The heading for section 2692 of such title is amended to read 
as follows:
``Sec. 2692. Storage, treatment, and disposal of nondefense toxic and 
              hazardous materials''.
    (3) The item relating to section 2692 in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 159 of such title is amended to read as 
follows:
``2692. Storage, treatment, and disposal of nondefense toxic and 
                            hazardous materials.''.
SEC. 345. REVISION OF REPORT REQUIREMENT FOR NAVY PROGRAM TO MONITOR 
              ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ORGANOTIN.
    Section 333(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2486) is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``June 1'' and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``October 30'';
            (2) by striking out paragraphs (1) and (2);
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), respectively; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) A description of the present and future use, if any, 
        of antifouling paints containing organotin on naval vessels.''.
SEC. 346. PARTNERSHIPS FOR INVESTMENT IN INNOVATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL 
              TECHNOLOGIES.
    (a) Authority.--Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense 
may enter into a partnership with one or more private sector entities 
to demonstrate and validate innovative environmental technologies.
    (b) Limitations.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into a 
partnership with respect to an environmental technology under 
subsection (a)--
            (1) subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate and in the national interest; and
            (2) only if the Secretary determines that the technology 
        has clear potential to be of significant value to the 
        Department of Defense in carrying out its environmental 
        activities.
    (c) Funding.--Under a partnership entered into under subsection 
(a), the Secretary may provide funds to the partner or partners from 
appropriations available to the Department of Defense for environmental 
activities, for a period of up to five years.
    (d) Report.--In the annual report required under section 2706(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall include 
the following information with respect to partnerships entered into 
under this section:
            (1) The number of such partnerships.
            (2) A description of the nature of the technology involved 
        in each such partnership.
            (3) A list of all partners in such partnerships.
    (e) Coordination.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
Department of Defense coordinates with the Administrator of the 
Environmental Protection Agency in any verification sponsored by the 
Department of technologies demonstrated and validated by a partnership 
entered into under this section.
    (f) Termination of Authority.--The authority to enter into 
agreements under subsection (a) shall terminate three years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 347. PILOT PROGRAM TO TEST AN ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGY FOR 
              ELIMINATING SOLID AND LIQUID WASTE EMISSIONS DURING SHIP 
              OPERATIONS.
    (a) Determination by Secretary of the Navy.--(1) The Secretary of 
the Navy shall make a determination whether the alternative technology 
described in paragraph (2) has the clear potential for significant 
benefit to the Navy.
    (2) The technology referred to in paragraph (1) is an alternative 
technology designed to thermally treat on shipboard all kinds of liquid 
and solid wastes generated on an operating ship by means of a plasma 
arc melter system that is compact, stationary, and uses a high alumina 
refractory hearth.
    (b) Pilot Program.--If the determination made under subsection 
(a)(1) is in the affirmative, the Secretary shall establish a pilot 
program to test the alternative technology. In conducting the test, the 
Secretary shall seek to demonstrate whether the technology is valid, 
cost-effective, and in compliance with environmental laws and 
regulations.
    (c) Funding.--From funds appropriated pursuant to the authorization 
in section 301(2), the Secretary of the Navy may use not more than 
$4,000,000 to carry out the pilot program.
    (d) Report.--(1) If the determination made under subsection (a)(1) 
is in the affirmative, upon completion of the test conducted under the 
pilot program the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the 
House of Representatives a report setting forth in detail the results 
of the test. The report shall include recommendations on whether the 
alternative technology merits implementation on naval vessels and such 
other recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (2) If the determination made under subsection (a)(1) is in the 
negative, the Secretary shall submit to the committees referred to in 
paragraph (1) a report containing the analysis and data used by the 
Secretary in making the determination and such other recommendations as 
the Secretary considers appropriate.
  Subtitle F--Commissaries and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentalities
SEC. 361. REORGANIZATION OF LAWS REGARDING COMMISSARIES AND EXCHANGES 
              AND OTHER MORALE, WELFARE, AND RECREATION ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Description of Chapter.--(1) The heading of chapter 147 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
 ``CHAPTER 147--COMMISSARIES AND EXCHANGES AND OTHER MORALE, WELFARE, 
                      AND RECREATION ACTIVITIES''.
    (2) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, and at 
the beginning of part IV of subtitle A, of such title are amended by 
striking out the item relating to chapter 147 and inserting in lieu 
thereof the following new item:
``147. Commissaries and Exchanges and Other Morale, Welfare,    2481''.
                            and Recreation Activities.
    (b) Transfer and Redesignation of Unrelated Provisions.--(1) 
Section 2481 of title 10, United States Code, is transferred to chapter 
159 of such title, inserted after section 2685, and redesignated as 
section 2686.
    (2) Sections 2483 and 2490 of such title are transferred to the end 
of subchapter III of chapter 169 of such title and redesignated as 
sections 2867 and 2868, respectively.
    (3) Section 2491 of such title is redesignated as section 2500.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 147 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out the items relating to sections 2481, 2483, and 2490.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 159 of such 
title is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2685 
the following new item:
``2686. Utilities and services: sale; expansion and extension of 
                            systems and facilities.''.
    (3) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter III of 
chapter 169 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new items:
``2867. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
                            production facilities.
``2868. Utility services: furnishing for certain buildings.''.
    (4) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter I of 
chapter 148 of such title is amended by striking out the item relating 
to section 2491 and inserting in lieu thereof the following new item:
``2500. Definitions.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 2534(d) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out ``section 2491(1)'' both places 
it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 2500(1)''.
    (2) Section 2865(b)(2) of such title is amended by striking out 
``section 2483(b)(2)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 
2867(b)(2)''.
SEC. 362. MERCHANDISE AND PRICING REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMISSARY STORES.
    (a) Authorized Commissary Merchandise Categories.--Subsection (b) 
of section 2486 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking out the matter preceding paragraph (1) and 
        inserting in lieu thereof the following: ``(b) Authorized 
        Commissary Merchandise Categories.--Merchandise sold in, at, or 
        by commissary stores may include items only in the following 
        categories:''; and
            (2) by striking out paragraph (11) and inserting in lieu 
        thereof the following new paragraph:
            ``(11) Subject to the congressional notification 
        requirements of subsection (f), such other merchandise 
        categories as the Secretary of Defense may prescribe.''.
    (b) Alteration of Uniform Sales Price Surcharge or Adjustment.--
Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``Uniform Sales Price Surcharge or 
        Adjustment.--'' after ``(c)'';
            (2) by striking out ``in commissary stores.'' and inserting 
        in lieu thereof ``in, at, or by commissary stores.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
        uniform percentage in effect on the date of the enactment of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 may 
        not be changed except by a law enacted after such date.''.
    (c) Establishment of Sales Price.--Subsection (d) of such section 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Sales Price Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish the sales price of each item of merchandise sold in, at, or 
by commissary stores at the level that will recoup the actual product 
cost of the item (consistent with this section and sections 2484 and 
2685 of this title).''.
    (d) Congressional Notification; Special Rules.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(f) Congressional Notification.--(1) Any change in the pricing 
policies for merchandise sold in, at, or by commissary stores, and any 
addition of a merchandise category under subsection (a)(11), shall not 
take effect until the Secretary of Defense submits written notice of 
the proposed change or addition to Congress and a period of 90 days of 
continuous session of Congress expires following the date on which 
notice was received.
    ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, the continuity of a session 
of Congress is broken only by an adjournment of the Congress sine die, 
and the days on which either House is not in session because of an 
adjournment or recess of more than three days to a day certain are 
excluded in a computation of such 90-day period.
    ``(g) Special Rule for Certain Merchandise.--(1) Notwithstanding 
the general requirement that merchandise sold in, at, or by commissary 
stores be commissary store inventory, the Secretary of Defense may 
authorize the sale of items in the merchandise categories specified in 
paragraph (2) as noncommissary store inventory. Subsections (c) and (d) 
shall not apply to the pricing of such items of merchandise.
    ``(2) The merchandise categories referred to in paragraph (1) are 
as follows:
            ``(A) Magazines and other periodicals.
            ``(B) Tobacco products.''.
    (e) Clerical and Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``In General.--'' after 
        ``(a)''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by inserting ``Special Rule for Brand-Name 
                Commercial Items.--'' after ``(e)''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``in commissary stores'' both 
                places it appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``in, 
                at, or by commissary stores''.
    (f) Effect of Amendment.--(1) In the case of merchandise categories 
authorized, before the date of the enactment of this Act, for sale in, 
at, or by commissary stores pursuant to regulations prescribed under 
subsection (b)(11) of section 2486 of title 10, United States Code, as 
in effect before such date, the Secretary of Defense may continue to 
authorize the sale of such merchandise categories in, at, or by 
commissary stores after such date notwithstanding the amendment made by 
subsection (a)(2). However, the sale in commissary store of such 
merchandise categories shall be subject to the other requirements of 
such section 2486.
    (2) Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
specifying the commissary merchandise categories covered by paragraph 
(1).
SEC. 363. LIMITATION ON NONCOMPETITIVE PROCUREMENT OF BRAND-NAME 
              COMMERCIAL ITEMS FOR RESALE IN COMMISSARY STORES.
    Section 2486(e) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
section 362(e)(2), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``In determining whether a brand name 
commercial item is regularly sold outside of commissary stores, the 
Secretary shall consider only sales of the item on a regional or 
national basis by commercial grocery or other retail operations 
consisting of multiple stores.''.
SEC. 364. TRANSFER OF JURISDICTION OVER EXCHANGE, COMMISSARY, AND 
              MORALE, WELFARE, AND RECREATION ACTIVITIES TO UNDER 
              SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (COMPTROLLER).
    (a) Comptroller Jurisdiction.--Section 135(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``and'' at the end of paragraph (4);
            (2) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (5) 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(6) in the areas of exchange, commissary, and 
        nonappropriated fund instrumentalities regarding morale, 
        welfare, and recreation activities.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 136(b) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out ``exchange, commissary, and 
nonappropriated fund activities,''.
SEC. 365. PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TO BENEFIT MORALE, WELFARE, 
              AND RECREATION ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Partnerships Authorized.--Chapter 147 of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by section 361, is further amended by inserting 
before section 2482 the following new section:
``Sec. 2481. Morale, welfare, and recreation activities: leases and 
              other contracts to benefit
    ``(a) Leases and Other Contracts Authorized.--The Secretary of 
Defense may authorize a nonappropriated fund instrumentality to enter 
into leases, licensing agreements, concession agreements, and other 
contracts with private persons and State or local governments involving 
real property (and related personal property) under the control of the 
nonappropriated fund instrumentality in order to facilitate the 
provision of facilities, goods, or services to authorized patrons of 
the nonappropriated fund instrumentality.
    ``(b) Conditions.--A nonappropriated fund instrumentality may enter 
into an authorized lease or other contract under subsection (a) only if 
the nonappropriated fund instrumentality determines, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Defense, that--
            ``(1) the use of the property subject to the lease or 
        contract will provide appropriate space, or contribute to the 
        provision of goods and services, for a morale, welfare, or 
        recreation activity of the nonappropriated fund 
        instrumentality;
            ``(2) the lease or contract will not be inconsistent with 
        and will not adversely affect the mission of the Department or 
        the nonappropriated fund instrumentality; and
            ``(3) the lease or contract will enhance the use of the 
        property subject to the lease or contract.
    ``(c) Access to Resulting Facilities, Goods, or Services.--The use 
of a lease or contract under subsection (a) to provide facilities, 
goods, or services shall not be construed to permit the use of the 
resulting facilities, goods, or services by persons who are not 
authorized patrons of the nonappropriated fund instrumentality that is 
a party to the lease or contract.
    ``(d) Lease and Contract Terms.--Subsection (b) of section 2667 of 
this title shall apply to a lease or contract under subsection (a), 
except that references to the Secretary concerned shall be deemed to 
mean the nonappropriated fund instrumentality that is a party to the 
lease or contract.
    ``(e) Money Rentals.--Money rentals received pursuant to a lease or 
contract under subsection (a) shall be treated in the same manner as 
other receipts of the nonappropriated fund instrumentality that is a 
party to the lease or contract, except that use of the rentals shall be 
restricted to the installation at which the property covered by the 
lease or contract is located.
    ``(f) Definition.--In this section, the term `nonappropriated fund 
instrumentality' means the Army and Air Force Exchange Service, Navy 
Exchange Service Command, Marine Corps exchanges, or any other 
instrumentality of the United States under the jurisdiction of the 
armed forces which is conducted for the comfort, pleasure, contentment, 
or physical or mental improvement of members of the armed forces.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 147 of such title, as amended by section 361, is further 
amended by inserting before the item relating to section 2482 the 
following new item:
``2481. Morale, welfare, and recreation activities: leases and other 
                            contracts to benefit.''.
SEC. 366. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN AMOUNTS RECEIVED BY DEFENSE COMMISSARY 
              AGENCY.
    Section 2482 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Treatment of Certain Receipts.--(1) The Defense Commissary 
Agency shall deposit amounts received from the sources specified in 
paragraph (2) into the same account in which the proceeds from the 
adjustment of, or surcharge on, commissary store prices authorized by 
subsection (a) of section 2685 of this title are deposited. In such 
amounts as provided in appropriations Acts, the amounts deposited under 
this paragraph shall be available for the purposes described in 
subsection (b) of such section.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall apply with respect to amounts received by 
the Defense Commissary Agency from--
            ``(A) the sale of items for recycling;
            ``(B) the disposal of excess property;
            ``(C) license fees, royalties, incentive allowances, and 
        management and other fees; and
            ``(D) a nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the United 
        States.''.
SEC. 367. AUTHORIZED USE OF APPROPRIATED FUNDS FOR RELOCATION OF NAVY 
              EXCHANGE SERVICE COMMAND.
    The Navy Exchange Service Command is not required to reimburse the 
United States for appropriated funds allotted to the Navy Exchange 
Service Command during fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 to cover costs 
incurred by the Navy Exchange Service Command to relocate to Virginia 
Beach, Virginia, and to lease headquarters space in Virginia Beach.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters
SEC. 371. ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT 
              DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.
    (a) Continuation of Department of Defense Program for Fiscal Year 
1998.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 
301(5) for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities--
            (1) $30,000,000 shall be available for providing 
        educational agencies assistance (as defined in subsection 
        (d)(1)) to local educational agencies; and
            (2) $5,000,000 shall be available for making educational 
        agencies payments (as defined in subsection (d)(2)) to local 
        educational agencies.
    (b) Notification.--Not later than June 30, 1998, the Secretary of 
Defense shall--
            (1) notify each local educational agency that is eligible 
        for educational agencies assistance for fiscal year 1998 of 
        that agency's eligibility for such assistance and the amount of 
        such assistance for which that agency is eligible; and
            (2) notify each local educational agency that is eligible 
        for an educational agencies payment for fiscal year 1998 of 
        that agency's eligibility for such payment and the amount of 
        the payment for which that agency is eligible.
    (c) Disbursement of Funds.--The Secretary of Defense shall disburse 
funds made available under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) not 
later than 30 days after the date on which notification to the eligible 
local educational agencies is provided pursuant to subsection (b).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``educational agencies assistance'' means 
        assistance authorized under section 386(b) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-
        484; 20 U.S.C. 7703 note).
            (2) The term ``educational agencies payments'' means 
        payments authorized under section 386(d) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 20 
U.S.C. 7703 note).
            (3) The term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 8013(9) of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).
    (e) Technical Correction Relating to Original Assistance 
Authority.--Section 386(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 20 U.S.C. 7703 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking out ``section 8003(a)'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``section 8003(a)(1)''; and
            (2) by striking out ``(20 U.S.C. 7703(a))'' and inserting 
        in lieu thereof ``(20 U.S.C. 7703(a)(1))''.
SEC. 372. CONTINUATION OF OPERATION MONGOOSE.
    Section 135 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall be 
responsible for investigating evidence of fraud, waste, and abuse 
uncovered as a result of the Department of Defense program (known as 
Operation Mongoose) established to identify and prevent fraud, waste, 
and abuse within the Department of Defense, particularly fraud, waste, 
and abuse regarding finance and accounting matters. The program shall 
continue through fiscal year 2003.''.
SEC. 373. INCLUSION OF AIR FORCE DEPOT MAINTENANCE AS OPERATION AND 
              MAINTENANCE BUDGET ACTIVITY GROUP.
    For fiscal year 1999 and each fiscal year thereafter, Air Force 
depot-level maintenance of materiel shall be displayed as one or more 
budget activity groups (known as ``subactivities'') within the 
authorization request for Operation and Maintenance, Air Force, in the 
proposed budget for that fiscal year submitted to Congress pursuant to 
section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.
SEC. 374. PROGRAMS TO COMMEMORATE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF MARSHALL PLAN AND 
              KOREAN CONFLICT.
    (a) Commemorative Programs.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may 
conduct a program to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Marshall 
Plan that provided for the reconstruction of the economies of Western 
Europe following World War II.
    (2) The Secretary may conduct a program to commemorate the 50th 
anniversary of the Korean conflict.
    (3) In conducting such commemorative programs, the Secretary may 
coordinate, support, and facilitate other programs and activities of 
the Federal Government, State and local governments, and other persons 
in commemoration of the Marshall Plan or the Korean conflict.
    (b) Marshall Plan Commemorative Activities.--The commemorative 
programs authorized by subsection (a)(1) may include activities and 
ceremonies--
            (1) to honor George C. Marshall, who developed the Marshall 
        Plan, for a lifetime of service to the United States as a 
        commissioned officer of the Army (including service during 
        World War II as Chief of Staff of the Army with the rank of 
        General of the Army) and as Secretary of Defense and Secretary 
        of State at the beginning of the Cold War; and
            (2) to provide the people of the United States with a clear 
        understanding and appreciation of the significance of Marshall 
        Plan.
    (c) Korean Conflict Commemorative Activities.--The commemorative 
programs authorized by subsection (a)(2) may include activities and 
ceremonies--
            (1) to provide the people of the United States with a clear 
        understanding and appreciation of the lessons and history of 
        the Korean conflict;
            (2) to thank and honor veterans of the Korean conflict and 
        their families;
            (3) to pay tribute to the sacrifices and contributions made 
        on the home front by the people of the United States during the 
        Korean conflict;
            (3) to highlight advances in technology, science, and 
        medicine related to military research conducted during the 
        Korean conflict;
            (4) to recognize the contributions and sacrifices made by 
        the allies of the United States in the Korean conflict; and
            (5) to highlight the role of the Armed Forces of the United 
        States, then and now, in maintaining world peace through 
        strength.
    (d) Names and Symbols.--The Secretary of Defense shall have the 
sole and exclusive right to use the names ``The Department of Defense 
50th Anniversary of the Marshall Plan'', ``50th Anniversary of the 
Marshall Plan'', and ``The Korean Conflict Commemoration'', and such 
seal, emblems, and badges incorporating such names as the Secretary may 
lawfully adopt. Nothing in this section may be construed to supersede 
rights that are established or vested before the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
    (e) Commemorative Account.--(1) There is established in the 
Treasury an account to be known as the ``Department of Defense 50th 
Anniversary of the Marshall Plan and Korean Conflict Commemoration 
Account'', which shall be administered by the Secretary of Defense as a 
single account. There shall be deposited into the account all proceeds 
derived from the Secretary's use of the exclusive rights described in 
subsection (d). The Secretary may use funds in the account only for the 
purpose of conducting the commemorative programs authorized by 
subsection (a).
    (2) Not later than 60 days after completion of all activities and 
ceremonies conducted as part of the commemorative programs, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report containing an accounting of 
all the funds deposited into and expended from the account or otherwise 
expended under this section, and of any funds remaining in the account. 
Unobligated funds remaining in the account on that date shall be held 
in the account until transferred by law.
    (f) Acceptance of Voluntary Services.--(1) Notwithstanding section 
1342 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may 
accept from any person voluntary services to be provided in furtherance 
of the commemorative programs authorized by subsection (a).
    (2) A person providing voluntary services under this subsection 
shall be considered to be a Federal employee for purposes of chapter 81 
of title 5, United States Code, relating to compensation for work-
related injuries. The person shall also be considered a special 
governmental employee for purposes of standards of conduct and sections 
202, 203, 205, 207, 208, and 209 of title 18, United states Code. A 
person who is not otherwise employed by the Federal Government shall 
not be considered to be a Federal employee for any other purpose by 
reason of the provision of voluntary services under this subsection.
    (3) The Secretary may provide for reimbursement of incidental 
expenses incurred by a person providing voluntary services under this 
subsection. The Secretary shall determine which expenses are eligible 
for reimbursement under this paragraph.
SEC. 375. PROHIBITION ON USE OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND BUDGET FOR 
              BASE OPERATION SUPPORT.
    Section 167(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively;
            (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``In addition''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Funds provided for the special operations command as part of 
the budget for the special operations command under paragraph (1) may 
not be used to cover base operation support expenses incurred at a 
military installation.''.
SEC. 376. CONTINUATION AND EXPANSION OF DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM TO 
              IDENTIFY OVERPAYMENTS MADE TO VENDORS.
    (a) Scope of Program.--Section 354 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 
268; 10 U.S.C. 2461 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking out the second sentence; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking out ``of the Defense 
        Logistics Agency that relate to (at least) fiscal years 1993, 
        1994, and 1995'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``relating to 
        fiscal years after fiscal year 1993 of the working-capital 
        funds and industrial, commercial, and support type activities 
        managed through the Defense Business Operations Fund, except 
        the Defense Logistics Agency to the extent such records have 
        already been audited''.
    (b) Collection Method; Contractor Payments.--Such section is 
further amended by striking out subsections (d) and (e) and inserting 
in lieu thereof the following new subsections:
    ``(d) Collection Method.--In the case of an overpayment to a vendor 
identified under the demonstration program, the Secretary shall require 
the use of the procedures specified in section 32.611 of the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation, regarding a setoff against existing invoices 
for payment to the vendor, as the first method by which the Department 
shall seek to recover the amount of the overpayment (and any applicable 
interest and penalties) from the vendor.
    ``(e) Fees for Contractor.--The Secretary shall pay to the 
contractor under the contract entered into under the demonstration 
program an amount not to exceed 25 percent of the total amount 
recovered by the Department (through the collection of overpayments and 
the use of setoffs) solely on the basis of information obtained as a 
result of the audits performed by the contractor under the program. 
When an overpayment is recovered through the use of a setoff, amounts 
for the required payment to the contractor shall be derived from funds 
available to the working-capital fund or industrial, commercial, or 
support type activity for which the overpayment is recovered.''.
SEC. 377. APPLICABILITY OF FEDERAL PRINTING REQUIREMENTS TO DEFENSE 
              AUTOMATED PRINTING SERVICE.
    (a) Subchapter I of chapter 8 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 195. Defense Automated Printing Service: applicability of 
              Federal printing requirements
    ``The Defense Automated Printing Service shall comply fully with 
the requirements of chapter 5 of title 44 relating to the production 
and procurement of printing, binding, and blank-book work.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such subchapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``195. Defense Automated Printing Service: applicability of Federal 
                            printing requirements.''.
SEC. 378. BASE OPERATIONS SUPPORT FOR MILITARY INSTALLATIONS ON GUAM.
    (a) Contractor Use of Nonimmigrant Aliens.--Each contract for base 
operations support to be performed on Guam shall contain a condition 
that work under the contract may not be performed by any alien who is 
issued a visa or otherwise provided nonimmigrant status under section 
101(a)(15)(H)(ii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)).
    (b) Application of Section.--This section shall apply to contracts 
entered into, amended, or otherwise modified on or after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
                   TITLE IV--PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS
                       Subtitle A--Active Forces
SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.
    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 1998, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 495,000.
            (2) The Navy, 395,000.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 174,000.
            (4) The Air Force, 381,000.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces
SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 1998, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 366,516.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 208,000.
            (3) The Naval Reserve, 94,294.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 42,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,377.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 73,431.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 8,000.
    (b) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may vary the end 
strength authorized by subsection (a) by not more than 2 percent.
    (c) Adjustments.--The end strengths prescribed by subsection (a) 
for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall be 
proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
Whenever such units or such individual members are released from active 
duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for such 
fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component shall be 
proportionately increased by the total authorized strengths of such 
units and by the total number of such individual members.
SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.
    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
1998, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 22,310.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 11,500.
            (3) The Naval Reserve, 16,136.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,559.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 10,616.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 748.
SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
    (a) Authorization for Fiscal Year 1998.--The minimum number of 
military technicians (dual status) as of the last day of fiscal year 
1998 for the reserve components of the Army and the Air Force 
(notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States Code) shall be 
the following:
            (1) For the Army Reserve, 5,503.
            (2) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        23,125.
            (3) For the Air Force Reserve, 9,802.
            (4) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        22,853.
    (b) Requests for Future Fiscal Years.--Section 115(g) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
sentence: ``In each budget submitted by the President to Congress under 
section 1105 of title 31, the end strength requested for military 
technicians (dual status) for each reserve component of the Army and 
Air Force shall be specifically set forth.''.
SEC. 414. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF MEMBERS IN CERTAIN GRADES AUTHORIZED TO 
              SERVE ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.
    (a) Officers.--The table in section 12011(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Air     Marine
               ``Grade                  Army     Navy    Force    Corps 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Major or Lieutenant Commander.......    3,219   1,071     673      140  
Lieutenant Colonel or Commander.....    1,524     520     672       90  
Colonel or Navy Captain.............     437      188     274     30''. 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Senior Enlisted Members.--The table in section 12012(a) of such 
title is amended to read as follows:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Air     Marine
               ``Grade                  Army     Navy    Force    Corps 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
E-9.................................     627     202      371       20  
E-8.................................   2,585     429      900     94''. 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations
SEC. 421. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL.
    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of 
Defense for military personnel for fiscal year 1998 a total of 
$69,539,862,000. The authorization in the preceding sentence supersedes 
any other authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
such purpose for fiscal year 1998.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY
                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy
SEC. 501. LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS WHO MAY 
              SERVE IN POSITIONS OUTSIDE THEIR OWN SERVICE.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 41 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 721. General and flag officers: limitation on appointments, 
              assignments, details, and duties outside an officer's own 
              service
    ``(a) Limitation.--An officer described in subsection (b) may not 
be appointed, assigned, or detailed for a period in excess of 90 days 
to a position external to that officer's armed force if, immediately 
following such appointment, assignment, or detail, the number of 
officers described in subsection (b) serving in positions external to 
such officers' armed force for a period in excess of 90 days would be 
in excess of 24.5 percent of the total number of such officers.
    ``(b) Covered Officers.--The officers covered by subsection (a), 
and to be counted for the purposes of the limitation in that 
subsection, are the following:
            ``(1) Any general or flag officer counted for purposes of 
        section 526(a) of this title.
            ``(2) Any general or flag officer serving in a joint duty 
        assignment position designated by the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff under section 526(b) of this title.
            ``(3) Any colonel or Navy captain counted for purposes of 
        section 777(d)(1) of this title.
    ``(c) External Positions.--For purposes of this section, the 
following positions shall be considered to be external to an officer's 
armed force:
            ``(1) Any position (including a position in joint 
        education) that is a joint duty assignment for purposes of 
        chapter 38 of this title.
            ``(2) Any position in the Office of the Secretary of 
        Defense, a Defense Agency, or a Department of Defense Field 
        Activity.
            ``(3) Any position in the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Joint 
        Staff, or the headquarters of a combatant command (as defined 
        in chapter 6 of this title).
            ``(4) Any position in the National Guard Bureau.
            ``(5) Any position outside the Department of Defense, 
        including any position in the headquarters of the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization or any other international 
        military command, any combined or multinational command, or 
        military mission.
    ``(d) Assignments, Etc. For Periods in Excess of 90 Days.--For 
purposes of this section, the appointment, assignment, or detail of an 
officer to a position shall be considered to be for a period in excess 
of 90 days unless the appointment, assignment, or detail specifies that 
it is made a period of 90 days or less.
    ``(e) Waiver During Period of War or National Emergency.--The 
President may suspend the operation of this section during any period 
of war or of national emergency declared by Congress or the 
President.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``721. General and flag officers: limitation on appointments, 
                            assignments, details, and duties outside an 
                            officer's own service.''.
SEC. 502. EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN RETIRED OFFICERS FROM LIMITATION ON 
              PERIOD OF RECALL TO ACTIVE DUTY.
    Effective October 1, 1997, section 688(e) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A member''; and
            (2) adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the following officers:
            ``(A) A chaplain who is assigned to duty as a chaplain for 
        the period of active duty to which ordered.
            ``(B) A health care professional (as characterized by the 
        Secretary concerned) who is assigned to duty as a health care 
        professional for the period of active duty to which ordered.
            ``(C) An officer assigned to duty with the American Battle 
        Monuments Commission for the period of active duty to which 
        ordered.''.
SEC. 503. CLARIFICATION OF OFFICERS ELIGIBLE FOR CONSIDERATION BY 
              SELECTION BOARDS.
    (a) Officers on the Active-Duty List.--Section 619(d) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``grade--'' in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1) and inserting in lieu thereof ``grade any of the 
        following officers:'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking out ``an officer'' and inserting in 
                lieu thereof ``An officer''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``; or'' at the end and 
                inserting in lieu thereof a period; and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3) and in 
        that paragraph striking out ``an officer'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``An officer''; and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) An officer who is recommended for promotion to that 
        grade in the report of an earlier selection board convened 
        under that section, in the case of such a report that has not 
        yet been approved by the President.''.
    (b) Officers on the Reserve Active-Status List.--Section 14301(c) 
of such title is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``grade--'' in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1) and inserting in lieu thereof ``grade any of the 
        following officers:'';
            (2) by striking out ``an officer'' in each of paragraphs 
        (1), (2), and (3) and inserting in lieu thereof ``An officer'';
            (3) by striking out the semicolon at the end of paragraph 
        (1) and inserting in lieu thereof a period;
            (4) by striking out ``; or'' at the end of paragraph (2) 
        and inserting in lieu thereof a period;
            (5) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3), as so amended, 
        as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively, and in each such 
        paragraph striking out ``the next higher grade'' and inserting 
        in lieu thereof ``that grade''; and
            (6) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) An officer who is recommended for promotion to that 
        grade in the report of an earlier selection board convened 
        under a provision referred to in paragraph (1), in the case of 
        such a report that has not yet been approved by the 
        President.''.
    (c) Clarifying Amendments.--Paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 
14301(c) of such title, as redesignated and amended by subsection (b), 
are each amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
following: ``, if that nomination is pending before the Senate''.
SEC. 504. AUTHORITY TO DEFER MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR AGE OF OFFICERS 
              SERVING AS CHAPLAINS.
    (a) Authority for Deferral of Retirement for Chaplains Providing 
Direct Support to Units or Installations.--Subsection (c) of section 
1251 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may defer the retirement under 
subsection (a) of an officer who is appointed or designated as a 
chaplain if during the period of the deferment the officer will be 
performing duties consisting primarily of providing direct support as a 
chaplain to units or installations.''.
    (b) Authority for Deferral of Retirement for Chief and Deputy Chief 
of Chaplains.--Such section is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) The Secretary concerned may defer the retirement under 
subsection (a) of an officer who is the Chief of Chaplains or Deputy 
Chief of Chaplains of that officer's armed force. Such a deferment may 
not extend beyond the first day of the month following the month in 
which the officer becomes 68 years of age.''.
    (c) Qualification for Service as Navy Chief of Chaplains or Deputy 
Chief of Chaplains.--(1) Section 5142(b) of such title is amended by 
striking out ``, who are not on the retired list,''.
    (2) Section 5142a of such title is amended by striking out ``, who 
is not on the retired list,''.
                 Subtitle B--Reserve Component Matters
SEC. 511. INDIVIDUAL READY RESERVE ACTIVATION AUTHORITY.
    (a) IRR Members Subject To Order to Active Duty Other Than During 
War or National Emergency.--Section 10144 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``Within the Ready 
        Reserve''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b)(1) Within the Individual Ready Reserve of each reserve 
component there is a category of members, as designated by the 
Secretary concerned, who are subject to being ordered to active duty 
involuntarily in accordance with section 12304 of this title. A member 
may not be placed in that mobilization category unless--
            ``(A) the member volunteers for that category; and
            ``(B) the member is selected for that category by the 
        Secretary concerned, based upon the needs of the service and 
        the grade and military skills of that member.
    ``(2) A member of the Individual Ready Reserve may not be carried 
in such mobilization category of members after the end of the 24-month 
period beginning on the date of the separation of the member from 
active service.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall designate the grades and military skills 
or specialities of members to be eligible for placement in such 
mobilization category.
    ``(4) A member in such mobilization category shall be eligible for 
benefits (other than pay and training) as are normally available to 
members of the Selected Reserve, as determined by the Secretary of 
Defense.''.
    (b) Criteria for Ordering to Active Duty.--Subsection (a) of 
section 12304 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after ``of this title),'' the following: ``or any member in the 
Individual Ready Reserve mobilization category and designated as 
essential under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned,''.
    (c) Maximum Number.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and the Individual Ready Reserve'' after 
        ``Selected Reserve''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, of whom not more than 30,000 may be 
        members of the Individual Ready Reserve'' before the period at 
        the end.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (f), by inserting ``or Individual Ready 
        Reserve'' after ``Selected Reserve'';
            (2) in subsection (g), by inserting ``, or member of the 
        Individual Ready Reserve,'' after ``to serve as a unit''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) For purposes of this section, the term `Individual Ready 
Reserve mobilization category' means, in the case of any reserve 
component, the category of the Individual Ready Reserve described in 
section 10144(b) of this title.''.
    (e) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The heading of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 12304. Selected Reserve and certain Individual Ready Reserve 
              members; order to active duty other than during war or 
              national emergency''.
    (2) The item relating to section 12304 in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 1209 of such title is amended to read as 
follows:
``12304. Selected Reserve and certain Individual Ready Reserve members; 
                            order to active duty other than during war 
                            or national emergency''.
SEC. 512. TERMINATION OF MOBILIZATION INCOME INSURANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 1214 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 12533. Termination of program
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall terminate the insurance 
program in accordance with this section.
    ``(b) Termination of New Enrollments.--The Secretary may not enroll 
a member of the Ready Reserve for coverage under the insurance program 
after the date of the enactment of this section.
    ``(c) Termination of Coverage.--(1) The enrollment under the 
insurance program of insured members other than insured members 
described in paragraph (2) is terminated as of the date of the 
enactment of this section. The enrollment of an insured member 
described in paragraph (2) is terminated as of the date of the 
termination of the period of covered service of that member described 
in that paragraph.
    ``(2) An insured member described in this paragraph is an insured 
member who on the date of the enactment of this section is serving on 
covered service for a period of service, or has been issued an order 
directing the performance of covered service, that satisfies or would 
satisfy the entitlement-to-benefits provisions of this chapter.
    ``(d) Termination of Payment of Benefits.--The Secretary may not 
make any benefit payment under the insurance program after the date of 
the enactment of this section other than to an insured member who on 
that date (1) is serving on an order to covered service, (2) has been 
issued an order directing performance of covered service, or (3) has 
served on covered service before that date for which benefits under the 
program have not been paid to the member.
    ``(e) Termination of Insurance Fund.--The Secretary shall close the 
Fund not later than 60 days after the date on which the last benefit 
payment from the Fund is made. Any amount remaining in the Fund when 
closed shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``12533. Termination of program.''.
SEC. 513. CORRECTION OF INEQUITIES IN MEDICAL AND DENTAL CARE AND DEATH 
              AND DISABILITY BENEFITS FOR RESERVE MEMBERS WHO INCUR OR 
              AGGRAVATE AN ILLNESS IN THE LINE OF DUTY.
    (a) Medical and Dental Care for Dependents.--Section 1076(a)(2) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``or'' at the end of subparagraph (A);
            (2) by striking out the period at the end of subparagraph 
        (B) and inserting in lieu thereof ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) who incurs or aggravates an injury or illness in the 
        line of duty while serving on active duty for a period of 30 
        days or less and whose orders are subsequently modified to 
        extend the period of active duty to a period of more than 30 
        days.''.
    (b) Medical and Dental Care.--Section 1074a(a)(3) of such title is 
amended by inserting ``while remaining overnight immediately before the 
commencement of inactive-duty training, or'' after ``in the line of 
duty''.
    (c) Eligibility for Disability Retirement.--Section 1204(2)(C) of 
such title is amended by inserting ``while remaining overnight 
immediately before the commencement of inactive-duty training, or'' 
after ``aggravated''.
    (d) Eligibility for Disability Separation.--Section 1206 of such 
title is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) as 
        paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(2) the disability was incurred in the line of duty as a 
        result of--
                    ``(A) performing active duty or inactive-duty 
                training;
                    ``(B) traveling directly to or from the place at 
                which such duty is performed; or
                    ``(C) an injury, illness, or disease incurred or 
                aggravated while remaining overnight immediately before 
                the commencement of inactive-duty training, or while 
                remaining overnight between successive periods of 
                inactive-duty training, at or in the vicinity of the 
                site of the inactive-duty training, if the site is 
                outside reasonable commuting distance of the member's 
                residence;''.
    (e) Recovery, Care, and Disposition of Remains.--Section 
1481(a)(2)(D) of such title is amended by inserting ``remaining 
overnight immediately before the commencement of inactive-duty 
training, or'' after ``(D)''.
    (f) Entitlement to Basic Pay.--Section 204 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``while remaining overnight 
immediately before the commencement of inactive-duty training, or'' in 
subsections (g)(1)(D) and (h)(1)(D) after ``in line of duty''.
    (g) Compensation for Inactive-Duty Training.--Section 206(a)(3)(C) 
of such title is amended by inserting ``while remaining overnight 
immediately before the commencement of inactive-duty training, or'' 
after ``in line of duty''.
SEC. 514. TIME-IN-GRADE REQUIREMENTS FOR RESERVE COMMISSIONED OFFICERS 
              RETIRED DURING FORCE DRAWDOWN PERIOD.
    (a) Authority Comparable to Active-Duty List Officers.--Subsection 
(d)(3) of section 1370 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(F) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of a 
military department to reduce the three-year period specified in 
subparagraph (A) to a period of not less than two years in the case of 
retirements effective during the period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this subparagraph and ending on September 30, 1999. The 
number of officers in an armed force in a grade for whom a reduction is 
made during any fiscal year in the period of service-in-grade otherwise 
required under this paragraph may not exceed the number equal to two 
percent of the authorized reserve active status strength for that 
fiscal year for officers of that armed force in that grade.''.
    (b) Technical Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)(A), by inserting ``of'' after 
        ``reduce such period to a period''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(1), by striking out ``chapter 1225'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``chapter 1223''.
SEC. 515. AUTHORITY TO PERMIT NON-UNIT ASSIGNED OFFICERS TO BE 
              CONSIDERED BY VACANCY PROMOTION BOARD TO GENERAL OFFICER 
              GRADES.
    (a) Convening of Selection Boards.--Section 14101(a)(2) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``(except in the 
case of a board convened to consider officers as provided in section 
14301(e) of this title).''.
    (b) Eligibility for Consideration of Certain Army Officers.--
Section 14301 of such title is amended--
            (1) by striking out subsection (e); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively.
    (c) General Officer Promotions.--Section 14308 of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(2), by inserting ``a grade below 
        colonel in'' after ``(2) an officer in''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or the Air Force'' in the first 
                sentence after ``of the Army'' the first place it 
                appears;
                    (B) by striking out ``in that grade'' in the first 
                sentence and all that follows through ``Secretary of 
                the Army'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``in the Army 
                Reserve or the Air Force Reserve, as the case may be, 
                in that grade''; and
                    (C) by striking out the second sentence.
    (d) Vacancy Promotions.--Section 14315(b)(1) of such title is 
amended by striking out ``the duties'' in clause (A) and all that 
follows through ``as a unit,'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``duties 
of a general officer of the next higher reserve grade in the Army 
Reserve,''.
SEC. 516. GRADE REQUIREMENT FOR OFFICERS ELIGIBLE TO SERVE ON 
              INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION BOARDS.
    Section 14906(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``a grade above lieutenant colonel or commander'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``the grade of lieutenant colonel or 
commander or a higher grade''.
SEC. 517. LIMITATION ON USE OF AIR FORCE RESERVE AGR PERSONNEL FOR AIR 
              FORCE BASE SECURITY FUNCTIONS.
    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not use members 
of the Air Force Reserve who are AGR personnel for the performance of 
force protection, base security, or security police functions at an Air 
Force facility in the United States until six months after the date on 
which the Secretary submits to Congress a report on such use of AGR 
personnel.
    (b) Matters To Be Included in Report.--The report under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) A statement of the planned scope, including each 
        planned location, of such use of AGR personnel during the year 
        in which the report is submitted and each of the five 
        subsequent years.
            (2) A detailed rationale for, and evaluation of, the cost 
        effectiveness of the use of AGR personnel to perform such 
        functions at Air Force facilities in the United States compared 
        to the use of Department of Defense civilian personnel or 
        contractor personnel for the performance of these functions at 
        those facilities.
            (3) A plan, including a cost estimate, for the 
        reemployment, conversion to AGR status, or retirement of 
        civilian employees and military technicians who are displaced 
        by the use of Air Force Reserve AGR personnel to perform those 
        functions.
    (c) AGR Personnel Defined.--For the purposes of this section, the 
term ``AGR personnel'' means members of the Air Force Reserve who are 
on active duty (other than for training) in connection with organizing, 
administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the Air Force 
Reserve.
                    Subtitle C--Military Technicians
SEC. 521. AUTHORITY TO RETAIN ON THE RESERVE ACTIVE-STATUS LIST UNTIL 
              AGE 60 MILITARY TECHNICIANS IN THE GRADE OF BRIGADIER 
              GENERAL.
    (a) Retention.--Section 14702(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``section 14506 or 14507'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``section 14506, 14507, or 14508''; 
        and
            (2) by striking out ``or colonel'' and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``colonel, or brigadier general''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 14508(c) of such title is amended 
by striking out ``not later than the date on which the officer becomes 
60 years of age'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``not later than the 
last day of the month in which the officer becomes 60 years of age''.
SEC. 522. MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
    (a) Definition.--Subsection (a) of section 10216 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) In General.--(1) For purposes of this section and any other 
provision of law, a military technician (dual status) is a Federal 
civilian employee who--
            ``(A) is employed under section 3101 of title 5 or section 
        709 of title 32;
            ``(B) is required as a condition of that employment to 
        maintain membership in the Selected Reserve; and
            ``(C) is assigned to a position as a technician in the 
        administration and training of the Selected Reserve or in the 
        maintenance and repair of supplies or equipment issued to the 
        Selected Reserve or the armed forces.
    ``(2) Military technicians (dual status) shall be authorized and 
accounted for as a separate category of civilian employees.''.
    (b) Unit Membership and Dual-Status Requirement.--Subsection (d) of 
such section is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Unit Membership Requirement.--(1) Unless specifically 
exempted by law, each individual who is hired as a military technician 
(dual status) after December 1, 1995, shall be required as a condition 
of that employment to maintain membership in--
            ``(A) the unit of the Selected Reserve by which the 
        individual is employed as a military technician; or
            ``(B) a unit of the Selected Reserve that the individual is 
        employed as a military technician to support.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply to a military technician (dual 
status) who is employed by the Army Reserve in an area other than Army 
Reserve troop program units.
    ``(e) Dual-Status Requirement.--(1) Funds appropriated for the 
Department of Defense may not (except as provided in paragraph (2)) be 
used for compensation as a military technician of any individual hired 
as a military technician after February 10, 1996, who is no longer a 
member of the Selected Reserve.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may pay compensation described in 
paragraph (1) to an individual described in that paragraph who is no 
longer a member of the Selected Reserve for a period not to exceed six 
months following the individual's loss of membership in the Selected 
Reserve if the Secretary determines such loss of membership was not due 
to the failure of that individual to meet military standards.''.
    (c) National Guard Dual-Status Requirement.--Section 709(b) of 
title 32, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``Except as 
prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a technician'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``A technician''.
    (d) Plan for Clarification of Statutory Authority of Military 
Technicians.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress, as 
part of the budget justification materials submitted in support of the 
budget for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1999, a 
legislative proposal to provide statutory authority and clarification 
under title 5, United States Code--
            (A) for the hiring, management, promotion, separation, and 
        retirement of military technicians who are employed in support 
        of units of the Army Reserve or Air Force Reserve; and
            (B) for the transition to the competitive service of an 
        individual who is hired as military technician in support of a 
        unit of the Army Reserve or Air Force Reserve and who (as 
        determined by the Secretary concerned) fails to maintain 
        membership in the Selected Reserve through no fault of the 
        individual.
    (2) The legislative proposal under paragraph (1) shall be developed 
in consultation with the Director of the Office of Personnel 
Management.
    (e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 8106 of Public Law 104-61 (109 
Stat. 654; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is repealed.
    (f) Cross-Reference Corrections.--Section 10216(c)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``subsection (a)(1)'' in 
subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) and inserting in lieu thereof 
``subsection (b)(1)''.
    (g) Conforming Amendments to Section 10216.--Section 10216 of title 
10, United States Code, is further amended as follows:
            (1) The heading of subsection (b) is amended by inserting 
        ``(Dual Status)'' after ``Military Technicians''.
            (2) Subsection (b)(1) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(dual status)'' after ``for 
                military technicians'';
                    (B) by striking out ``dual status military 
                technicians'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``military 
                technicians (dual status)'';
                    (C) by inserting ``(dual status)'' after ``military 
                technicians'' in subparagraph (C).
            (3) Subsection (b)(2) is amended by inserting ``(dual 
        status)'' after ``military technicians'' both places it 
        appears.
            (4) Subsection (b)(3) is amended by inserting ``(dual 
        status)'' after ``Military technician''.
            (5) Subsection (c) is amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)(A), by 
                inserting ``(dual status)'' after ``military 
                technicians'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``dual status 
                technicians'' in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) 
                and inserting in lieu thereof ``military technicians 
                (dual status)'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting ``(dual 
                status)'' after ``military technician''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking out 
                ``delineate--'' and all that follows through ``or other 
                reasons'' in clause (ii) and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``delineate the specific force structure reductions''.
    (h) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The heading of section 10216 of such 
title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 10216. Military technicians (dual status)''.
    (2) The item relating to such section in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 1007 of such title is amended to read as 
follows:
``10216. Military technicians (dual status).''.
    (i) Other Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 115(g) of such title 
is amended by inserting ``(dual status)'' in the first sentence after 
``military technicians'' and in the second sentence after ``military 
technician''.
    (2) Section 115a(h) of such title is amended--
            (A) by inserting ``(displayed in the aggregate and 
        separately for military technicians (dual status) and non-dual 
        status military technicians)'' in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1) after ``of the following''; and
            (B) by striking out paragraph (3).
SEC. 523. NON-DUAL STATUS MILITARY TECHNICIANS.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 1007 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 10217. Non-dual status military technicians
    ``(a) Definition.--For the purposes of this section and any other 
provision of law, a non-dual status military technician is a civilian 
employee of the Department of Defense who--
            ``(1) was hired as a military technician before the date of 
        the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 1998 under any of the authorities specified in 
        subsection (d); and
            ``(2) as of the date of the enactment of that Act is not a 
        member of the Selected Reserve or after such date ceases to be 
        a member of the Selected Reserve.
    ``(b) Fiscal Year 1998 Limitation.--As of September 30 1998, the 
number of civilian employees of a military department who are non-dual 
status military technicians may not exceed the following:
            ``(1) For the Army Reserve, 1,200.
            ``(2) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        2,260.
            ``(3) For the Air Force Reserve, 0.
            ``(4) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 395.
    ``(c) Reductions for Future Years.--For each of the 10 fiscal years 
beginning with fiscal year 1999, the Secretary of the military 
department concerned shall reduce the number of non-dual status 
military technicians under the jurisdiction of that Secretary, as of 
the end of that fiscal year, from the authorized number for the 
preceding fiscal year by not less--
            ``(1) 120, for the Army Reserve;
            ``(2) 226, for the Army National Guard of the United 
        States; and
            ``(3) 39, for the Air National Guard of the United States.
    ``(d) Employment Authorities.--The authorities referred to in 
subsection (a) are the following:
            ``(1) Section 10216 of this title.
            ``(2) Section 709 of title 32.
            ``(3) The requirements referred to in section 8401 of title 
        5.
            ``(4) Section 8016 of the Department of Defense 
        Appropriations Act, 1996 (Public Law 104-61; 109 Stat. 654), 
        and any comparable provision provided on an annual basis in the 
        Department of Defense Appropriations Acts for fiscal years 1984 
        through 1995.
            ``(5) Any memorandum of agreement between the Department of 
        Defense and the Office of Personnel Management providing for 
        the hiring of military technicians.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``10217. Non-dual status military technicians.''.
    (b) Plan for Non-Dual Status Technicians.--Not later than March 31, 
1998, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
setting forth recommendations of the Secretary (including proposals for 
such legislative changes as may be necessary to implement the 
recommendations of the Secretary) for eliminating non-dual status 
military technician positions. In developing the plan, the Secretary 
shall consider (among other alternatives) the feasibility and cost of 
each of the following:
            (1) Elimination or consolidation of functions and 
        positions.
            (2) Contracting for performance by contractor personnel of 
        functions currently performed by personnel in those positions.
            (3) Conversion of those technicians and positions, in the 
        case of technicians of the Army National Guard of the United 
        States or the Air National Guard of the United States, to State 
        employment and positions or competitive service employment 
        positions under title 5, United States Code.
            (4) Conversion of those technicians or positions to 
        employment and positions in the competitive service under title 
        5, United States Code, in the case of technicians of the Army 
        Reserve.
            (5) Use of incentives to facilitate the reductions required 
        under subsection (c) of section 10217 of title 10, United 
        States Code, as added by subsection (a).
  Subtitle D--Measures To Improve Recruit Quality and Reduce Recruit 
                               Attrition
SEC. 531. REFORM OF MILITARY RECRUITING SYSTEMS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out reforms 
in the recruiting systems of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine 
Corps in order to improve the quality of new recruits and to reduce 
attrition among recruits.
    (b) Specific Reforms.--As part of the reforms in military 
recruiting systems to be undertaken under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall take the following steps:
            (1) Improve the system of separation codes used for 
        recruits who are separated during recruit training by (A) 
        revising and updating those codes to allow more accurate and 
        useful data collection about those separations, and (B) 
        prescribing regulations to ensure that those codes are 
        interpreted in a uniform manner by the military services.
            (2) Develop a reliable database for (A) analyzing service-
        wide data on reasons for attrition of new recruits, and (B) 
        undertaking service-wide measures to control and manage such 
        attrition.
            (3) Require that the Secretary of each military department 
        (A) adopt or strengthen incentives for recruiters to thoroughly 
        prescreen potential candidates for recruitment, and (B) link 
        incentives for recruiters, in part, to the ability of a 
        recruiter to screen out unqualified candidates before 
        enlistment.
            (4) Require that the Secretary of each military department 
        include as a measurement of recruiter performance the 
        percentage of persons enlisted by a recruiter who complete 
        initial combat training or basic training.
            (5) Assess trends in the number and use of waivers over the 
        1991-1997 period that were issued to permit applicants to 
        enlist with medical or other conditions that would otherwise be 
        disqualifying.
            (6) Require the Secretary of each military department to 
        implement policies and procedures (A) to ensure the prompt 
        separation of recruits who are unable to successfully complete 
        basic training, and (B) to remove those recruits from the 
        training environment while separation proceedings are pending.
    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report of the 
trends assessed under subsection (b)(5). The information on those 
trends provided in the report shall be shown by armed force and by 
category of waiver. The report shall include recommendations of the 
Secretary for changing, revising, or limiting the use of waivers 
referred to in that subsection and shall be submitted not later than 
March 31, 1998.
SEC. 532. IMPROVEMENTS IN MEDICAL PRESCREENING OF APPLICANTS FOR 
              MILITARY SERVICE.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall improve the medical 
prescreening of applicants for entrance into the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
or Marine Corps.
    (b) Specific Steps.--As part of those improvements, the Secretary 
shall take the following steps:
            (1) Require that each applicant for service in the Army, 
        Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps (A) provide to the Secretary 
        the name of the applicant's medical insurer and the names of 
        past medical providers, and (B) sign a release allowing the 
        Secretary to request and obtain medical records of the 
        applicant.
            (2) Require that the forms and procedures for medical 
        prescreening of applicants that are used by recruiters and by 
        Military Entrance Processing Commands be revised so as to 
        ensure that medical questions are specific, unambiguous, and 
        tied directly to the types of medical separations most common 
for recruits during basic training and follow-on training.
            (3) Add medical screening tests to the examinations of 
        recruits carried out by Military Entrance Processing Station, 
        provide more thorough medical examinations to selected groups 
        of applicants, or both, to the extent that the Secretary 
        determines that to do so could be cost effective in reducing 
        attrition at basic training.
            (4) Assign the responsibility for evaluating medical 
        conditions of a recruit that are missed during accession 
        processing to an agency or contractor other than the Military 
        Entrance Processing Command which carried out the accession 
        processing of that recruit (such command being the organization 
        responsible for accession medical exams).
            (5) Require that the Secretary of each military department 
        test an applicant for entrance into the Armed Forces for use of 
        illegal drugs at the Military Entrance Processing Station which 
        carries out the accession processing of that recruit (in 
        addition to any subsequent drug testing that may be required).
SEC. 533. IMPROVEMENTS IN PHYSICAL FITNESS OF RECRUITS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall take steps to 
improve the physical fitness of recruits before they enter basic 
training.
    (b) Specific Steps.--As part of those improvements, the Secretary 
shall take the following steps:
            (1) Direct the Secretary of each military department to 
        implement programs under which new recruits who are in the 
        Delayed Entry Program are encouraged to participate in physical 
        fitness activities before reporting to basic training.
            (2) Develop a range of incentives for new recruits to 
        participate in physical fitness programs, as well as for those 
        recruits who improve their level of fitness while in the 
        Delayed Entry Program, which may include the use of monetary or 
        other incentives, access to Department of Defense military 
        fitness facilities, and access to military medical facilities 
        in the case of a recruit who is injured while participating in 
        physical activities with recruiters or other military 
        personnel.
            (3) Evaluate whether partnerships between recruiters and 
        reserve components, or other innovative arrangements, could 
        provide a pool of qualified personnel to assist in the conduct 
        of physical training programs for new recruits in the Delayed 
        Entry Program.
              Subtitle E--Military Education and Training
SEC. 541. INDEPENDENT PANEL TO REVIEW MILITARY BASIC TRAINING.
    (a) Establishment.--There is hereby established a panel to review 
the basic training programs of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine 
Corps and to make recommendations on improvements to those programs.
    (b) Composition.--(1) The panel shall be composed of seven members, 
appointed as follows:
            (A) Three members shall be appointed jointly by the 
        chairman and ranking minority party member of the Committee on 
        National Security of the House of Representatives.
            (B) Three members shall be appointed jointly by the 
        chairman and ranking minority party member of the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the Senate.
            (C) One member shall be appointed by the Secretary of 
        Defense.
    (2) The members of the panel shall choose one of the members to 
chair the panel.
    (c) Qualifications.--Members of the panel shall be appointed from 
among private United States citizens with knowledge and expertise in 
one or more of the following:
            (1) Training of military personnel.
            (2) Social and cultural matters affecting entrance into the 
        Armed Forces and affecting military service, military training, 
        and military readiness, such knowledge and expertise to have 
        been gained through recognized research, policy making and 
        practical experience, as demonstrated by retired military 
        personnel, representatives from educational organizations, and 
        leaders from civilian industry and other Government agencies.
            (3) Factors that define appropriate military job 
        qualifications, including physical, mental, and educational 
        factors.
            (4) Combat or other theater of war operations.
    (d) Panel Functions Relating to Basic Training Programs 
Generally.--The panel shall review the course objectives, structure, 
and length of the basic training programs of the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
and Marine Corps. As part of that review, the panel shall (with respect 
to each of those services) take the following measures:
            (1) Determine the current end-state objectives established 
        for graduates of basic training, particularly in regard to--
                    (A) physical conditioning;
                    (B) technical and physical skills proficiency;
                    (C) knowledge;
                    (D) military socialization, including the 
                inculcation of service values and attitudes; and
                    (E) basic combat operational requirements.
            (2) Assess whether those current end-state objectives, and 
        basic training itself, should be modified (in structure, 
        length, focus, program of instruction, training methods or 
        otherwise) based, in part, on the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the perspectives of 
                operational units on the quality and qualifications of 
                the initial entry training graduates being assigned to 
                those units, considering in particular whether the 
                basic training system produces graduates who arrive in 
                operational units with an appropriate level of skills, 
                physical conditioning, and degree of military 
                socialization to meet unit requirements and needs.
                    (B) An assessment of the demographics, backgrounds, 
                attitudes, experience, and physical fitness of new 
                recruits entering basic training, considering in 
                particular the question of whether, given the entry 
                level demographics, education, and background of new 
                recruits, the basic training systems and objectives are 
                most efficiently and effectively structured and 
                conducted to produce graduates who meet service needs.
                    (C) An assessment of the perspectives of personnel 
                who conduct basic training with regard to measures 
                required to improve basic training.
    (e) Panel Functions Relating to Gender-Integrated and Gender-
Segregated Basic Training.--The panel shall review the basic training 
policies of each of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps with 
regard to gender-integrated and gender-segregated basic training. As 
part of that review, the panel shall (with respect to each of those 
services) take the following measures:
            (1) Determine the historical rationales for the 
        establishment and disestablishment of gender-integrated or 
        gender-segregated basic training.
            (2) Examine the current rationales for the use of gender-
        integrated or gender-segregated basic training and, as part of 
        such examination, evaluate whether at the time any of the 
        services made a decision to integrate, or to segregate, basic 
        training by gender, the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned had substantive reason to believe, or has since 
        developed data to support, any of the following:
                    (A) That gender-integrated basic training, or 
                gender-segregated basic training, improves the 
                readiness or performance of operational units
                    (B) That the entry level of new recruits with 
                regard to physical condition, attitudes, and values is 
                so different from that required and expected in the 
                military services in general, and in operational units 
                in particular, that an intense period of focused 
                training is required, free from the additional 
                challenges of training males and females together.
                    (C) That a significant percentage of women entering 
                basic training experienced sexual abuse or assault 
                before entering military service and that gender-
                segregated basic training (with same-sex drill 
                instructors) provides the best opportunity for such 
                women to have positive military female role models as 
                mentors and to enter gender-integrated operational 
                forces from a position of confidence, strength, and 
                knowledge.
            (3) Assess whether the concept of ``training as you will 
        fight'' is a valid rationale for gender-integrated basic 
        training or whether the training requirements and objectives 
        for basic training are sufficiently different from those of 
        operational unit so that such concept, when balanced against 
        other factors relating to basic training, might not be a 
        sufficient rationale for gender-integrated basic training.
            (4) Assess the degree to which different standards have 
        been established, or if not established are in fact being 
        implemented, for males and females in basic training for 
        matters such as physical fitness, physical performance (such as 
        confidence and obstacle courses), military skills (such as 
        marksmanship and hand-grenade qualifications), and nonphysical 
        tasks required of individuals and, to the degree that differing 
        standards exist or are in fact being implemented, assess the 
        effect of the use of those differing standards.
            (5) Assess the degree to which performance standards in 
        basic training are based on military readiness.
            (6) Review Department of Defense and military department 
        efforts to objectively measure or evaluate the effectiveness of 
        gender-integrated basic training, as compared to gender-
        segregated basic training, particularly with regard to the 
        adequacy and scope of the efforts and with regard to the 
        relevancy of findings to operational unit requirements.
            (7) Compare the pattern of attrition in gender-integrated 
        basic training units with the pattern of attrition in gender-
        segregated basic training units and assess the relevancy of the 
        findings of such comparison.
            (8) Compare the level of readiness and morale of gender-
        integrated basic training units with the level of readiness and 
        morale of gender-segregated units and assess the relevancy of 
        the findings of such comparison.
    (f) Recommendations.--The panel shall prepare--
            (1) an evaluation of gender-integrated and gender-
        segregated basic training programs, based upon the review under 
        subsection (e); and
            (2) recommendations for such changes to the current system 
        of basic training as the panel considers warranted.
    (g) Reports.--(1) Not later than six months after the members of 
the panel are appointed, the panel shall submit an interim report on 
its findings and conclusions to the Secretary of Defense.
    (2) Not later than one year after establishment of the panel, the 
panel shall submit a final report to the Secretary of Defense. The 
final report shall include recommendations for legislative and 
administrative changes to basic training programs to improve the 
readiness and performance of initial entry training graduates and to 
reduce attrition, both during training and in the first term of 
enlistment.
    (h) Submission of Reports to Congress.--Not later than one month 
after receipt of the panel's interim report and one month after receipt 
of the panel's final report, the Secretary of Defense shall submit the 
report to Congress together with the views of the Secretary regarding 
the report and the matter covered in the report.
    (i) Pay and Expenses of Members.--(1) Each member of the panel who 
is not an employee of the Government shall be paid at a rate equal to 
the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay payable for level 
IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United 
States Code, for each day (including travel time) during which the 
member is engaged in the performance of the duties of the panel.
    (2) The members of the panel shall be allowed travel expenses, 
including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for 
employees of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, 
United States Code, while away from their homes or regular places of 
business in the performance of services for the panel.
    (j) Administrative Support.--(1) Upon the request of the chairman 
of the panel, the Secretary of Defense may detail to the panel, on a 
nonreimbursable basis, personnel of the Department of Defense to assist 
the panel in carrying out its duties.
    (2) The Secretary of Defense shall furnish to the panel such 
administrative and support services as may be requested by the chairman 
of the panel.
    (k) Funding.--The Secretary of Defense shall, upon the request of 
the panel, make available to the panel such amounts as the panel may 
require to carry out its duties under this title.
    (l) Termination of the Panel.--The panel shall terminate 60 days 
after the date on which it submits its final report under subsection 
(g).
    (m) Subsequent Consideration by Congress.--After submission of the 
final report of the panel to Congress, the Congress shall, based upon 
the results of the study (and such other matters as Congress considers 
appropriate), consider whether to require by law that the Secretaries 
of the military departments conduct basic training on a gender-
segregated basis.
SEC. 542. REFORM OF ARMY DRILL SERGEANT SELECTION AND TRAINING PROCESS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Army shall reform the process 
for selection and training of drill sergeants for the Army.
    (b) Measures To Be Taken.--As part of such reform, the Secretary 
shall undertake the following measures (unless, in the case of any such 
measure, the Secretary determines that that measure would not result in 
improved effectiveness and efficiency in the drill sergeant selection 
and training process):
            (1) Review the overall process used by the Department of 
        the Army for selection of drill sergeants to determine--
                    (A) if that process is providing drill sergeant 
                candidates in sufficient quantity and quality to meet 
                the needs of the training system; and
                    (B) whether duty as a drill sergeant is a career-
                enhancing assignment (or is seen by potential drill 
                sergeant candidates as a career-enhancing assignment) 
                and what steps could be taken to ensure that such duty 
                is in fact a career-enhancing assignment.
            (2) Incorporate into the selection process for all drill 
        sergeants the views and recommendations of the officers and 
        senior noncommissioned officers in the chain of command of each 
        candidate for selection (particularly those of senior 
        noncommissioned officers) regarding the candidate's suitability 
        and qualifications to be a drill sergeant.
            (3) Establish a requirement for psychological screening for 
        each drill sergeant candidate.
            (4) Reform the psychological screening process for drill 
        sergeant candidates to improve the quality, depth, and rigor of 
        that screening process.
            (5) Revise the evaluation system for drill sergeants in 
        training to provide for a so-called ``whole person'' assessment 
        that gives insight into the qualifications and suitability of a 
        drill sergeant candidate beyond the candidate's ability to 
        accomplish required performance tasks.
            (6) Revise the Army military personnel records system so 
        that, under specified conditions and circumstances, a drill 
        sergeant trainee who fails to complete the training to be a 
        drill sergeant and is denied graduation will not have the fact 
        of that failure recorded in those records. The conditions and 
        circumstances under which the authority provided in the 
        preceding sentence may be shall be prescribed by the Secretary 
        in regulations.
            (7) Provide each drill sergeant in training with the 
        opportunity, before or during that training, to work with new 
        recruits in initial entry training and to be evaluated on that 
        opportunity.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 31, 1998, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on National Security of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate a 
report of the reforms adopted pursuant to this section or, in the case 
of any measure specified in any of paragraphs (1) through (7) of 
subsection (b) that was not adopted, the rationale why that measure was 
not adopted.
SEC. 543. REQUIREMENT FOR CANDIDATES FOR ADMISSION TO UNITED STATES 
              NAVAL ACADEMY TO TAKE OATH OF ALLEGIANCE.
    (a) Requirement.--Section 6958 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) To be admitted to the Naval Academy, an appointee must take 
and subscribe to an oath prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy. If a 
candidate for admission refuses to take and subscribe to the prescribed 
oath, the candidate's appointment is terminated.''.
    (b) Exception for Midshipmen From Foreign Countries.--Section 6957 
of such title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) A person receiving instruction under this section is not 
subject to section 6958(d) of this title.''.
SEC. 544. REIMBURSEMENT OF EXPENSES INCURRED FOR INSTRUCTION AT SERVICE 
              ACADEMIES OF PERSONS FROM FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4344(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out the period at the end 
        and inserting in lieu thereof the following: ``, except that 
        the reimbursement rates may not be less than the cost to the 
        United States of providing such instruction, including pay, 
        allowances, and emoluments, to a cadet appointed from the 
        United States.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The amount of reimbursement waived under paragraph (2) may 
not exceed 25 percent of the per-person reimbursement amount otherwise 
required to be paid by a foreign country under such paragraph, except 
in the case of not more than five persons receiving instruction at the 
Academy under this section at any one time.''.
    (b) Naval Academy.--Section 6957(b) of such title is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out the period at the end 
        and inserting in lieu thereof the following: ``, except that 
        the reimbursement rates may not be less than the cost to the 
        United States of providing such instruction, including pay, 
        allowances, and emoluments, to a midshipman appointed from the 
        United States.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The amount of reimbursement waived under paragraph (2) may 
not exceed 25 percent of the per-person reimbursement amount otherwise 
required to be paid by a foreign country under such paragraph, except 
in the case of not more than five persons receiving instruction at the 
Naval Academy under this section at any one time.''.
    (c) Air Force Academy.--Section 9344(b) of such title is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out the period at the end 
        and inserting in lieu thereof the following: ``, except that 
        the reimbursement rates may not be less than the cost to the 
        United States of providing such instruction, including pay, 
        allowances, and emoluments, to a cadet appointed from the 
        United States.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The amount of reimbursement waived under paragraph (2) may 
not exceed 25 percent of the per-person reimbursement amount otherwise 
required to be paid by a foreign country under such paragraph, except 
in the case of not more than five persons receiving instruction at the 
Academy under this section at any one time.''.
SEC. 545. UNITED STATES NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL.
    (a) Authority to Admit Enlisted Members as Students.--Section 7045 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary may permit an enlisted member of the armed 
forces who is assigned to the Naval Postgraduate School or to a nearby 
command to receive instruction at the Naval Postgraduate School. 
Admission of enlisted members for instruction under this paragraph 
shall be on a space-available basis.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking out ``the students'' and inserting 
                in lieu thereof ``officers''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                sentence: ``In the case of an enlisted member permitted 
                to receive instruction at the Postgraduate School, the 
                Secretary of the Navy shall charge that member only for 
                such costs and fees as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate (taking into consideration the admission of 
                enlisted members on a space-available basis).''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking out ``officers'' both places it 
                appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``members''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``the same regulations'' and 
                inserting in lieu thereof ``regulations, as determined 
                appropriate by the Secretary of the Navy,''.
    (b) Expansion of Authority to Admit Civilians as Students.--Section 
7047 of such title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 7047. Civilian students at institutions of higher education: 
              admission
    ``(a) Admission on Tuition-Free, Exchange Basis.--(1) The Secretary 
of the Navy may enter into an agreement with an accredited institution 
of higher education (or a consortium of such institutions) under which 
students described in subsection (c) who are enrolled at that 
institution (or an institution in such consortium) are permitted to 
receive instruction at the Naval Postgraduate School on a space-
available, tuition-free basis in exchange for which the institution of 
higher education (or each institution in the consortium) agrees to 
enroll, on a tuition-free basis, officers of the armed forces or other 
persons properly admitted for instruction at the Naval Postgraduate 
School.
    ``(2) Exchange of students under paragraph (1) need not be on a 
one-for-one basis.
    ``(3) An exchange under such an agreement shall be on the basis of 
in-kind reimbursement, with the total value of the instruction provided 
during a year by the Naval Postgraduate School to civilian students 
from the institutions that are parties to the agreement being at least 
as great as the value of instruction provided by those institutions to 
students from the Naval Postgraduate School.
    ``(4) In determining the value of the in-kind reimbursement for the 
instruction provided by the Naval Postgraduate School, the Secretary 
shall use the same amount charged by the Secretary for the provision of 
the same instruction to a Federal employee who is not a Department of 
Defense employee.
    ``(5) The authority of the Secretary to accept an offer of in-kind 
reimbursement under this subsection may not be delegated below the 
level of Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
    ``(b) Admission on Cost-Reimbursable Basis.--(1) The Secretary of 
the Navy may permit a student described in subsection (c) who is 
enrolled at an accredited institution of higher education that is a 
party to an agreement under subsection (a) to receive instruction at 
the Naval Postgraduate School on a cost-reimbursable, space-available 
basis.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the value of any 
reimbursement received under this subsection in the case of any such 
student is not less than the amount charged by the Secretary for the 
provision of the same instruction to a Federal employee who is not a 
Department of Defense employee.
    ``(c) Eligible Students.--A student enrolled at an accredited 
institution of higher education that is party to an agreement under 
subsection (a) may be admitted to the Naval Postgraduate School under 
subsection (a) or (b) if the student--
            ``(1) is a citizen of the United States or is lawfully 
        admitted for permanent residence in the United States;
            ``(2) has a demonstrated ability, as determined by the 
        Secretary of the Navy, in a field of study designated by the 
        Secretary as related to naval warfare, armed conflict, or 
        national security; and
            ``(3) meets the academic requirements for the course or 
        courses for which the student seeks admission to the Naval 
        Postgraduate School.
    ``(d) Standards of Conduct.--Except as the Secretary of the Navy 
otherwise determines necessary, a person receiving instruction under 
this section is subject to the same regulations governing attendance, 
discipline, dismissal, and standards of study as apply to students who 
are officers of the naval service.
    ``(e) Retention of Funds Received.--Amounts received under 
subsection (b) to reimburse the Naval Postgraduate School for the costs 
of providing instruction to students permitted to attend the Naval 
Postgraduate School under this section shall be credited to the current 
appropriation supporting the operation and maintenance of the Naval 
Postgraduate School.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The heading of section 7045 of such 
title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 7045. Officers of the other armed forces; enlisted members: 
              admission''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 605 of such 
title is amended--
            (A) by striking out the item relating to section 7045 and 
        inserting in lieu thereof the following:
``7045. Officers of the other armed forces; enlisted members: 
                            admission.'';
        and
            (B) by striking out the item relating to section 7047 and 
        inserting in lieu thereof the following:
``7047. Civilian students at institutions of higher education: 
                            admission.''.
    (d) Amendment To Reflect Revised Civil Service Grade Structure.--
Section 7043(b) of such title is amended by striking out ``grade GS-18 
of the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5'' and inserting 
in lieu thereof ``level IV of the Executive Schedule''.
SEC. 546. AIR FORCE ACADEMY CADET FOREIGN EXCHANGE PROGRAM.
    (a) Exchange Program Authorized.--Chapter 903 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 9344 the following 
new section:
``Sec. 9345. Exchange program with foreign military academies
    ``(a) Exchange Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
may permit a student enrolled at a military academy of a foreign 
country to receive instruction at the Air Force Academy in exchange for 
an Air Force cadet receiving instruction at that foreign military 
academy pursuant to an exchange agreement entered into between the 
Secretary and appropriate officials of the foreign country. Students 
receiving instruction at the Academy under the exchange program shall 
be in addition to persons receiving instruction at the Academy under 
section 9344 of this title.
    ``(b) Limitations on Number and Duration of Exchanges.--An exchange 
agreement under this section between the Secretary and a foreign 
country shall provide for the exchange of students on a one-for-one 
basis each fiscal year. Not more than 10 Air Force cadets and a 
comparable number of students from all foreign military academies 
participating in the exchange program may be exchanged during any 
fiscal year. The duration of an exchange may not exceed the equivalent 
of one academic semester at the Air Force Academy.
    ``(c) Costs and Expenses.--(1) A student from a military academy of 
a foreign country is not entitled to the pay, allowances, and 
emoluments of an Air Force cadet by reason of attendance at the Air 
Force Academy under the exchange program, and the Department of Defense 
may not incur any cost of international travel required for 
transportation of such a student to and from the sponsoring foreign 
country.
    ``(2) The Secretary may provide a student from a foreign country 
under the exchange program, during the period of the exchange, with 
subsistence, transportation within the continental United States, 
clothing, health care, and other services to the same extent that the 
foreign country provides comparable support and services to the 
exchanged Air Force cadet in that foreign country.
    ``(3) The Air Force Academy shall bear all costs of the exchange 
program from funds appropriated for the Academy. Expenditures in 
support of the exchange program may not exceed $50,000 during any 
fiscal year.
    ``(d) Application of Other Laws.--Subsections (c) and (d) of 
section 9344 of this title shall apply with respect to a student 
enrolled at a military academy of a foreign country while attending the 
Air Force Academy under the exchange program.
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to 
implement this section. Such regulations may include qualification 
criteria and methods of selection for students of foreign military 
academies to participate in the exchange program.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
9344 the following new item:
``9345. Exchange program with foreign military academies.''.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Limitation.--Section 9353(a) of such title 
is amended by striking out ``After the date of the accrediting of the 
Academy, the'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``The''.
SEC. 547. TRAINING IN HUMAN RELATIONS MATTERS FOR ARMY DRILL SERGEANT 
              TRAINEES.
    (a) Human Relations Training Required.--The Secretary of the Army 
shall include as part of the training program for drill sergeants a 
course in human relations. The course shall be a minimum of two days in 
duration.
    (b) Resources.--In developing a human relations course under this 
section, the Secretary shall use the capabilities and expertise of the 
Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute (DEOMI).
    (c) Effective Date.--This section shall apply with respect drill 
sergeant trainee classes that begin after the end of the 90-day period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 548. STUDY OF FEASIBILITY OF GENDER-SEGREGATED BASIC TRAINING.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of each military department shall submit to Congress 
a report on gender-segregated basic training. Each report shall give 
the views of the Secretary--
            (1) on the feasibility and implications of conducting basic 
        training (or equivalent training) at the company level and 
        below through separate units for male and female recruits, 
        including the costs and other resource commitments required to 
        implement and conduct basic training in such a manner and the 
        implications for readiness and unit cohesion; and
            (2) assuming that basic training were to be conducted as 
        described in paragraph (1), on the feasibility and implications 
        of requiring drill instructors for basic training units to be 
        of the same sex as the recruits in those units.
              Subtitle F--Military Decorations and Awards
SEC. 551. STUDY OF NEW DECORATIONS FOR INJURY OR DEATH IN LINE OF DUTY.
    (a) Determination of Criteria for New Decoration.--(1) The 
Secretary of Defense shall determine the appropriate name, policy, 
award criteria, and design for two possible new decorations.
    (2) The first such decoration would, if implemented, be awarded to 
members of the Armed Forces who, while serving under competent 
authority in any capacity with the Armed Forces, are killed or injured 
in the line of duty as a result of noncombat circumstances occurring--
            (A) as a result of an international terrorist attack 
        against the United States or a foreign nation friendly to the 
        United States;
            (B) while engaged in, training for, or traveling to or from 
        a peacetime or contingency operation; or
            (C) while engaged in, training for, or traveling to or from 
        service outside the territory of the United States as part of a 
        peacekeeping force.
    (3) The second such decoration would, if implemented, be awarded to 
civilian nationals of the United States who, while serving under 
competent authority in any capacity with the Armed Forces, are killed 
or injured in the line of duty under circumstances which, if they were 
members of the Armed Forces, would qualify them for award of the Purple 
Heart or the medal described in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitation on Implementation.--Any such decoration may only be 
implemented as provided by a law enacted after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (c) Recommendation to Congress.--Not later than July 31, 1998, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a legislative proposal that would, 
if enacted, establish the new decorations developed pursuant to 
subsection (a). The Secretary shall include with that proposal the 
Secretary's recommendation concerning the need for, and propriety of, 
each of the decorations.
    (d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out this section in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
Secretary of Transportation with regard to the Coast Guard.
SEC. 552. PURPLE HEART TO BE AWARDED ONLY TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 57 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1131. Purple Heart: limitation to members of the armed forces
    ``The decoration known as the Purple Heart (authorized to be 
awarded pursuant to Executive Order 11016) may only be awarded to a 
person who is a member of the armed forces at the time the person is 
killed or wounded under circumstances otherwise qualifying that person 
for award of the Purple Heart.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``1131. Purple Heart: limitation to members of the armed forces.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Section 1131 of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to persons who are 
killed or wounded after the end of the 180-day period beginning on the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 553. ELIGIBILITY FOR ARMED FORCES EXPEDITIONARY MEDAL FOR 
              PARTICIPATION IN OPERATION JOINT ENDEAVOR OR OPERATION 
              JOINT GUARD.
    (a) Inclusion of Operations.--For the purpose of determining the 
eligibility of members and former members of the Armed Forces for the 
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, the Secretary of Defense shall 
designate participation in Operation Joint Endeavor or Operation Joint 
Guard in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and in such other 
areas in the region as the Secretary considers appropriate, as service 
in an area that meets the general requirements for the award of that 
medal.
    (b) Individual Determination.--The Secretary of the military 
department concerned shall determine whether individual members or 
former members of the Armed Forces who participated in Operation Joint 
Endeavor or Operation Joint Guard meet the individual service 
requirements for award of the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal as 
established in applicable regulations. A member or former member shall 
be considered to have participated in Operation Joint Endeavor or 
Operation Joint Guard if the member--
            (1) was deployed in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 
        or in such other area in the region as the Secretary of Defense 
        considers appropriate, in direct support of one or both of the 
        operations;
            (2) served on board a United States naval vessel operating 
        in the Adriatic Sea in direct support of one or both of the 
        operations; or
            (3) operated in airspace above the Republic of Bosnia and 
        Herzegovina, or in such other area in the region as the 
        Secretary of Defense considers appropriate, while the 
        operations were in effect.
    (c) Operations Defined.--For purposes of this section:
            (1) The term ``Operation Joint Endeavor'' means operations 
        of the United States Armed Forces conducted in the Republic of 
        Bosnia and Herzegovina during the period beginning on November 
        20, 1995, and ending on December 20, 1996, to assist in 
        implementing the General Framework Agreement and Associated 
        Annexes, initialed on November 21, 1995, in Dayton, Ohio.
            (2) The term ``Operation Joint Guard'' means operations of 
        the United States Armed Forces conducted in the Republic of 
        Bosnia and Herzegovina as a successor to Operation Joint 
        Endeavor during the period beginning on December 20, 1996, and 
        ending on such date as the Secretary of Defense may designate.
SEC. 554. WAIVER OF TIME LIMITATIONS FOR AWARD OF CERTAIN DECORATIONS 
              TO SPECIFIED PERSONS.
    (a) Waiver of Time Limitation.--Any limitation established by law 
or policy for the time within which a recommendation for the award of a 
military decoration or award must be submitted shall not apply in the 
case of awards of decorations described in subsections (b), (c), and 
(d), the award of each such decoration having been determined by the 
Secretary of the military department concerned to be warranted in 
accordance with section 1130 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Silver Star Medal.--Subsection (a) applies to the award of the 
Silver Star Medal as follows:
            (1) To Joseph M. Moll, Jr. of Milford, New Jersey, for 
        service during World War II.
            (2) To Philip Yolinsky of Hollywood, Florida, for service 
        during the Korean Conflict.
    (c) Navy and Marine Corps Medal.--Subsection (a) applies to the 
award of the Navy and Marine Corps Medal to Gary A. Gruenwald of 
Damascus, Maryland, for service in Tunisia in October 1977.
    (d) Distinguished Flying Cross.--Subsection (a) applies to awards 
of the Distinguished Flying Cross for service during World War II or 
Korea (including multiple awards to the same individual) in the case of 
each individual concerning whom the Secretary of the Navy (or an 
officer of the Navy acting on behalf of the Secretary) submitted to the 
Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, before the date of the 
enactment of this Act, a notice as provided in section 1130(b) of title 
10, United States Code, that the award of the Distinguished Flying 
Cross to that individual is warranted and that a waiver of time 
restrictions prescribed by law for recommendation for such award is 
recommended.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters
SEC. 561. SUSPENSION OF TEMPORARY EARLY RETIREMENT AUTHORITY.
    Notwithstanding subsection (i) of section 4403 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 
U.S.C. 1293 note), the Secretary of a military department may not use 
the authority provided under such section to retire a member of the 
Armed Forces during fiscal year 1998.
SEC. 562. TREATMENT OF EDUCATIONAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF NATIONAL GUARD 
              CHALLENGE PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS.
    Section 509 of title 32, United States Code, as added by section 
1057, is amended by adding at the end of subsection (f) the following 
new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of a person who is selected for training in a 
State program conducted under the National Guard Challenge Program and 
who obtains a general education diploma in connection with such 
training, the general education diploma shall be treated as equivalent 
to a high school diploma for purposes of determining the eligibility of 
the person for enlistment in the armed forces.''.
SEC. 563. AUTHORITY FOR PERSONNEL TO PARTICIPATE IN MANAGEMENT OF 
              CERTAIN NON-FEDERAL ENTITIES.
    (a) Military Personnel.--(1) Chapter 53 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 1032 the following new 
section:
``Sec. 1033. Participation in management of specified non-Federal 
              entities: authorized activities
    ``(a) Authorization.--The Secretary concerned may authorize a 
member of the armed forces under the Secretary's jurisdiction, as part 
of that member's official duties, to serve without compensation as a 
director, officer, or trustee, or to otherwise participate, in the 
management of an entity designated under subsection (b). Any such 
authorization shall be made on a case-by-case basis, for a particular 
member to participate in a specific capacity with a specific designated 
entity. Such authorization may be made only for the purpose of 
providing oversight and advice to, and coordination with, the 
designated entity, and participation of the member in the activities of 
the designated entity may not extend to participation in the day-to-day 
operations of the entity.
    ``(b) Designated Entities.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, and the 
Secretary of Transportation in the case of the Coast Guard when it is 
not operating as a service in the Navy, shall designate those entities 
for which authorization under subsection (a) may be provided. The list 
of entities so designated may not be revised more frequently than 
semiannually. In making such designations, the Secretary shall 
designate each military welfare society and may designate any other 
entity described in paragraph (3). No other entities may be designated.
    ``(2) In this section, the term `military welfare society' means 
the following:
            ``(A) Army Emergency Relief.
            ``(B) Air Force Aid Society, Inc.
            ``(C) Navy-Marine Corps Relief Society.
            ``(D) Coast Guard Mutual Assistance.
    ``(3) An entity described in this paragraph is an entity that--
            ``(A) regulates and supports the athletic programs of the 
        service academies (including athletic conferences);
            ``(B) regulates international athletic competitions;
            ``(C) accredits service academies and other schools of the 
        armed forces (including regional accrediting agencies); or
            ``(D)(i) regulates the performance, standards, and policies 
        of military health care (including health care associations and 
        professional societies), and (ii) has designated the position 
        or capacity in that entity in which a member of the armed 
        forces may serve if authorized under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Publication of Designated Entities and of Authorized 
Persons.--A designation of an entity under subsection (b), and an 
authorization under subsection (a) of a member of the armed forces to 
participate in the management of such an entity, shall be published in 
the Federal Register.
    ``(d) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of 
Transportation in the case of the Coast Guard when it is not operating 
as a service in the Navy, shall prescribe regulations to carry out this 
section.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1032 the 
following new item:
``1033. Participation in management of specified non-Federal entities: 
                            authorized activities.''.
    (b) Civilian Personnel.--(1) Chapter 81 of such title is amended by 
inserting after section 1588 the following new section:
``Sec. 1589. Participation in management of specified non-Federal 
              entities: authorized activities
    ``(a) Authorization.--(1) The Secretary concerned may authorize an 
employee described in paragraph (2), as part of that employee's 
official duties, to serve without compensation as a director, officer, 
or trustee, or to otherwise participate, in the management of an entity 
designated under subsection (b). Any such authorization shall be made 
on a case-by-case basis, for a particular employee to participate in a 
specific capacity with a specific designated entity. Such authorization 
may be made only for the purpose of providing oversight and advice to, 
and coordination with, the designated entity, and participation of the 
employee in the activities of the designated entity may not extend to 
participation in the day-to-day operations of the entity.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) applies to any employee of the Department of 
Defense or, in the case of the Coast Guard when not operating as a 
service in the Navy, of the Department of Transportation. For purposes 
of this section, the term `employee' includes a civilian officer.
    ``(b) Designated Entities.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, and the 
Secretary of Transportation in the case of the Coast Guard when it is 
not operating as a service in the Navy, shall designate those entities 
for which authorization under subsection (a) may be provided. The list 
of entities so designated may not be revised more frequently than 
semiannually. In making such designations, the Secretary shall 
designate each military welfare society and may designate any other 
entity described in paragraph (3). No other entities may be designated.
    ``(2) In this section, the term `military welfare society' means 
the following:
            ``(A) Army Emergency Relief.
            ``(B) Air Force Aid Society, Inc.
            ``(C) Navy-Marine Corps Relief Society.
            ``(D) Coast Guard Mutual Assistance.
    ``(3) An entity described in this paragraph is an entity that--
            ``(A) regulates and supports the athletic programs of the 
        service academies (including athletic conferences);
            ``(B) regulates international athletic competitions;
            ``(C) accredits service academies and other schools of the 
        armed forces (including regional accrediting agencies); or
            ``(D)(i) regulates the performance, standards, and policies 
        of military health care (including health care associations and 
        professional societies), and (ii) has designated the position 
        or capacity in that entity in which a Federal employee 
        described in subsection (a)(2) may serve if authorized under 
        subsection (a).
    ``(c) Publication of Designated Entities and of Authorized 
Persons.--A designation of an entity under subsection (b), and an 
authorization under subsection (a) of an employee to participate in the 
management of such an entity, shall be published in the Federal 
Register.
    ``(d) Civilians Outside the Military Departments.--In this section, 
the term `Secretary concerned' includes the Secretary of Defense with 
respect to employees of the Department of Defense who are not employees 
of a military department.
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of 
Transportation in the case of the Coast Guard when it is not operating 
as a service in the Navy, shall prescribe regulations to carry out this 
section.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1588 the 
following new item:
``1589. Participation in management of specified non-Federal entities: 
                            authorized activities.''.
SEC. 564. CREW REQUIREMENTS OF WC-130J AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall conduct a study of 
the crew requirements for WC-130J aircraft engaged in the aerial 
weather reconnaissance mission involving the eyewall penetration of 
tropical cyclones. The study shall involve the operation of WC-130J 
aircraft in weather reconnaissance missions configured to carry five 
crewmembers, including a navigator. The study shall include the 
participation of members of the Armed Forces assigned to units 
currently engaged in weather reconnaissance operations.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
results of the study. The report shall include the views of members of 
the Armed Forces assigned to units currently engaged in weather 
reconnaissance operations who participated in the study.
    (c) Limitation on Revision to Personnel Requirements.--The 
Secretary of the Air Force may not reduce the personnel requirement 
levels of units that, as of the date of the enactment of this Act, are 
engaged in weather reconnaissance operations involving the eyewall 
penetration of tropical cyclones, including requirements for 
navigators, below the requirements established for those units as of 
October 1, 1997, until the end of the six-month period beginning on the 
date on which the report required under subsection (b) is submitted to 
Congress.
SEC. 565. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVIL 
              MILITARY PROGRAMS.
    (a) Study Required.--The Comptroller General shall conduct a study 
to evaluate the following:
            (1) The nature, extent, and cost to the Department of 
        Defense of the support and services being provided by units and 
        members of the Armed Forces to non-Department of Defense 
        organizations and activities under the authority of section 
        2012 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The degree to which the Armed Forces are in compliance 
        with the requirements of such section in the provision of such 
        support and services, especially the requirements that the 
        assistance meet specific requirements relative to military 
        training and that the assistance provided be incidental to 
        military training.
            (3) The degree to which the regulations and procedures for 
        implementing such section, as required by subsection (f) of 
        such section, are consistent with the requirements of such 
        section.
            (4) The effectiveness of the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretaries of the military departments in conducting oversight 
        of the implementation of such section, and the provision of 
        such support and services under such section, to ensure 
        compliance with the requirements of such section.
    (b) Submission of Report.--Not later than March 31, 1998, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report containing the 
results of the study required by subsection (a).
SEC. 566. TREATMENT OF PARTICIPATION OF MEMBERS IN DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE CIVIL MILITARY PROGRAMS.
    Section 2012 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g) Treatment of Member's Participation in Provision of Support 
or Services.--(1) The Secretary of a military department may not 
require or request a member of the armed forces to submit for 
consideration by a selection board (including a promotion board, 
command selection board, or any other kind of selection board) evidence 
of the member's participation in the provision of support and services 
to non-Department of Defense organizations and activities under this 
section or the member's involvement in, or support of, other community 
relations and public affairs activities of the armed forces. A 
selection board may not evaluate a member on the basis of the member's 
participation or involvement in, or support of, such support, services, 
or activities.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to the following 
members:
            ``(A) A member who is in a public affairs career field.
            ``(B) A member who is not in a public affairs career field, 
        but who is serving, at the time the member is considered by a 
        selection board, in a public affairs position specified in 
        service authorization documents or who served in such a 
        position within three years before being considered by a 
        selection board.''.
SEC. 567. CONTINUATION OF SUPPORT TO SENIOR MILITARY COLLEGES.
    (a) Definition of Senior Military Colleges.--For purposes of this 
section, the term ``senior military colleges'' means the following:
            (1) Texas A&M University.
            (2) Norwich University.
            (3) The Virginia Military Institute.
            (4) The Citadel.
            (5) Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
            (6) North Georgia College and State University.
    (b) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The senior military colleges consistently have provided 
        substantial numbers of highly qualified, long-serving leaders 
        to the Armed Forces.
            (2) The quality of the military leaders produced by the 
        senior military colleges is, in part, the result of the 
        rigorous military environment imposed on students attending the 
        senior military colleges by the colleges, as well as the result 
        of the long-standing close support relationship between the 
        Corps of Cadets at each college and the Reserve Officer 
        Training Corps personnel at the colleges who serve as effective 
        leadership role models and mentors.
            (3) In recognition of the quality of the young leaders 
        produced by the senior military colleges, the Department of 
        Defense and the military services have traditionally maintained 
        special relationships with the colleges, including the policy 
        to grant active duty service in the Army to graduates of the 
        colleges who desire such service and who are recommended for 
        such service by their ROTC professors of military science.
            (4) Each of the senior military colleges has demonstrated 
        an ability to adapt its systems and operations to changing 
        conditions in, and requirements of, the Armed Forces without 
        compromising the quality of leaders produced and without 
        interruption of the close relationship between the colleges and 
        the Department of Defense.
    (c) Sense of Congress.--In light of the findings in subsection (b), 
it is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the proposed initiative of the Secretary of the Army to 
        end the commitment to active duty service for all graduates of 
        senior military colleges who desire such service and who are 
        recommended for such service by their ROTC professors of 
        military science is short-sighted and contrary to the long-term 
        interests of the Army;
            (2) as they have in the past, the senior military colleges 
        can and will continue to accommodate to changing military 
        requirements to ensure that future graduates entering military 
        service continue to be officers of superb quality who are 
        quickly assimilated by the Armed Forces and fully prepared to 
        make significant contributions to the Armed Forces through 
        extended military careers; and
            (3) decisions of the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary 
        of a military department that fundamentally and unilaterally 
        change the long-standing relationship of the Armed Forces with 
        the senior military colleges are not in the best interests of 
        the Department of Defense or the Armed Forces and are patently 
        unfair to students who made decisions to enroll in the senior 
        military colleges on the basis of existing Department and Armed 
        Forces policy.
    (d) Continuation of Support for Senior Military Colleges.--Section 
2111a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (g); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(d) Additional Support.--(1) The Secretaries of the military 
departments shall ensure that each unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps at a senior military college provides support to the 
Corps of Cadets at the college over and above the level of support 
associated with the conduct of the formal Senior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps course of instruction.
    ``(2) This additional support shall include the following:
            ``(A) Mentoring, teaching, coaching, counseling and 
        advising cadets and cadet leaders in the areas of leadership, 
        military, and academic performance.
            ``(B) Involvement in cadet leadership training, 
        development, and evaluation, as well as drill, ceremonies, 
        parades, and inspections.
    ``(3) This additional support may include the following:
            ``(A) Advising cadet teams, clubs, and organizations.
            ``(B) Involvement in matters of discipline and 
        administration of the Corps of Cadets so long as such 
        involvement does not interfere with the conduct of the formal 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps course of instruction 
        or the support required by paragraph (2).
    ``(e) Termination or Reduction of Program Prohibited.--The 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military departments 
may not take or authorize any action to terminate or reduce a unit of 
the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at a senior military 
college unless the termination or reduction is specifically requested 
by the college.
    ``(f) Assignment to Active Duty.--(1) The Secretary of the Army 
shall ensure that a graduate of a senior military college who desires 
to serve as a commissioned officer on active duty upon graduation from 
the college, who is medically and physically qualified for active duty, 
and who is recommended for such duty by the professor of military 
science at the college, shall be assigned to active duty. This 
paragraph shall apply to a member of the program at a senior military 
college who graduates from the college after March 31, 1997.
    ``(2) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the 
Secretary of the Army from requiring a member of the program who 
graduates from a senior military college to serve on active duty.''.
    (e) Technical Corrections.--Subsection (g) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (d)(1), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``College'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``University''; and
            (2) in paragraph (6), by inserting before the period the 
        following: ``and State University''.
    (f) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The heading of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2111a. Support for senior military colleges''.
    (2) The item relating to such section in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 103 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``2111a. Support for senior military colleges.''.
SEC. 568. RESTORATION OF MISSING PERSONS AUTHORITIES APPLICABLE TO 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AS IN EFFECT BEFORE ENACTMENT OF 
              NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997.
    (a) Applicability to Department of Defense Civilian Employees and 
Contractor Employees.--(1) Section 1501 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking out subsection (c) and inserting in lieu 
        thereof the following:
    ``(c) Covered Persons.--Section 1502 of this title applies in the 
case of the following persons:
            ``(1) Any member of the armed forces on active duty who 
        becomes involuntarily absent as a result of a hostile action, 
        or under circumstances suggesting that the involuntary absence 
        is a result of a hostile action, and whose status is 
        undetermined or who is unaccounted for.
            ``(2) Any civilian employee of the Department of Defense, 
        and any employee of a contractor of the Department of Defense, 
        who serves with or accompanies the armed forces in the field 
        under orders who becomes involuntarily absent as a result of a 
        hostile action, or under circumstances suggesting that the 
        involuntary absence is a result of a hostile action, and whose 
        status is undetermined or who is unaccounted for.'', and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Secretary Concerned.--In this chapter, the term `Secretary 
concerned' includes, in the case of a civilian employee of the 
Department of Defense or contractor of the Department of Defense, the 
Secretary of the military department or head of the element of the 
Department of Defense employing the employee or contracting with the 
contractor, as the case may be.''.
    (2) Section 1503(c) of such title is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``one military 
        officer'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``one individual 
        described in paragraph (2)'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively; and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
    ``(2) An individual referred to in paragraph (1) is the following:
            ``(A) A military officer, in the case of an inquiry with 
        respect to a member of the armed forces.
            ``(B) A civilian, in the case of an inquiry with respect to 
        a civilian employee of the Department of Defense or of a 
        contractor of the Department of Defense.''.
    (3) Section 1504(d) of such title is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``who are and all the 
        follows in that paragraph and inserting in lieu thereof ``as 
        follows:
            ``(A) In the case of a board that will inquire into the 
        whereabouts and status of one or more members of the armed 
        forces (and no civilians described in subparagraph (B)), the 
        board shall be composed of officers having the grade of major 
        or lieutenant commander or above.
            ``(B) In the case of a board that will inquire into the 
        whereabouts and status of one or more civilian employees of the 
        Department of Defense or contractors of the Department of 
Defense (and no members of the armed forces), the board shall be 
composed of--
                    ``(i) not less than three employees of the 
                Department of Defense whose rate of annual pay is equal 
                to or greater than the rate of annual pay payable for 
                grade GS-13 of the General Schedule under section 5332 
                of title 5; and
                    ``(ii) such members of the armed forces as the 
                Secretary considers advisable.
            ``(C) In the case of a board that will inquire into the 
        whereabouts and status of both one or more members of the armed 
        forces and one or more civilians described in subparagraph 
        (B)--
                    ``(i) the board shall include at least one officer 
                described in subparagraph (A) and at least one employee 
                of the Department of Defense described in subparagraph 
                (B)(i); and
                    ``(ii) the ratio of such officers to such employees 
                on the board shall be roughly proportional to the ratio 
                of the number of members of the armed forces who are 
                subjects of the board's inquiry to the number of 
                civilians who are subjects of the board's inquiry.''; 
                and
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking out ``section 
        1503(c)(3)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 
        1503(c)(4)''.
    (4) Paragraph (1) of section 1513 of such title is amended to read 
as follows:
            ``(1) The term `missing person' means--
                    ``(A) a member of the armed forces on active duty 
                who is in a missing status; or
                    ``(B) a civilian employee of the Department of 
                Defense or an employee of a contractor of the 
                Department of Defense who serves with or accompanies 
                the armed forces in the field under orders and who is 
                in a missing status.''.
    (b) Report on Preliminary Assessment of Status.--(1) Section 1502 
of such title is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (i) by striking out ``10 days'' and inserting in 
                lieu thereof ``48 hours''; and
                    (ii) by striking out ``Secretary concerned'' and 
                inserting in lieu thereof ``theater component commander 
                with jurisdiction over the missing person'';
            (B) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
            (C) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Transmission Through Theater Component Commander.--Upon 
reviewing a report under subsection (a) recommending that a person by 
placed in a missing status, the theater component commander shall 
ensure that all necessary actions are being taken, and all appropriate 
assets are being used, to resolve the status of the missing person. Not 
later than 14 days after receiving the report, the theater component 
commander shall forward the report to the Secretary of Defense or the 
Secretary concerned in accordance with procedures prescribed under 
section 1501(b) of this title. The theater component commander shall 
include with such report a certification that all necessary actions are 
being taken, and all appropriate assets are being used, to resolve the 
status of the missing person.''; and
            (D) in subsection (c), as redesignated by subparagraph (B), 
        by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The theater 
        component commander through whom the report with respect to the 
        missing person is transmitted under subsection (b) shall ensure 
        that all pertinent information relating to the whereabouts and 
        status of the missing person that results from the preliminary 
        assessment or from actions taken to locate the person is 
        properly safeguarded to avoid loss, damage, or modification.''.
    (2) Section 1503(a) of such title is amended by striking out 
``section 1502(a)'', and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 1502(b)''.
    (3) Section 1513 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(8) The term `theater component commander' means, with 
        respect to any of the combatant commands, an officer of any of 
        the armed forces who (A) is commander of all forces of that 
        armed force assigned to that combatant command, and (B) is 
        directly subordinate to the commander of the combatant 
        command.''.
    (c) Frequency of Subsequent Reviews.--Subsection (b) of section 
1505 of such title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Frequency of Subsequent Reviews.--(1) In the case of a 
missing person who was last known to be alive or who was last suspected 
of being alive, the Secretary shall appoint a board to conduct an 
inquiry with respect to a person under this subsection--
            ``(A) on or about three years after the date of the initial 
        report of the disappearance of the person under section 1502(a) 
        of this title; and
            ``(B) not later than every three years thereafter.
    ``(2) In addition to appointment of boards under paragraph (1), the 
Secretary shall appoint a board to conduct an inquiry with respect to a 
missing person under this subsection upon receipt of information that 
could result in a change of status of the missing person. When the 
Secretary appoints a board under this paragraph, the time for 
subsequent appointments of a board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be 
determined from the date of the receipt of such information.
    ``(3) The Secretary is not required to appoint a board under 
paragraph (1) with respect to the disappearance of any person--
            ``(A) more than 30 years after the initial report of the 
        disappearance of the missing person required by section 1502 of 
        this title; or
            ``(B) if, before the end of such 30-year period, the 
        missing person is accounted for.''.
    (d) Penalties for Wrongful Withholding of Information.--Section 
1506 of such title is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):
    ``(e) Wrongful Withholding.--Except as provided in subsections (a) 
through (d), any person who knowingly and willfully withholds from the 
personnel file of a missing person any information relating to the 
disappearance or whereabouts and status of a missing person shall be 
fined as provided in title 18 or imprisoned not more than one year, or 
both.''.
    (e) Information To Accompany Recommendation of Status of Death.--
Section 1507(b) of such title is amended adding at the end the 
following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) A description of the location of the body, if 
        recovered.
            ``(4) If the body has been recovered and is not 
        identifiable through visual means, a certification by a 
        practitioner of an appropriate forensic science that the body 
        recovered is that of the missing person.''.
    (f) Scope of Preenactment Review.--(1) Section 1509 of such title 
is amended--
            (A) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Special Rule for Persons Classified as `KLA/BNR'.--In the 
case of a person described in subsection (b) who was classified as 
`killed in action/body not recovered', the case of that person may be 
reviewed under this section only if the new information referred to in 
subsection (a) is compelling.''.
    (2)(A) The heading of such section is amended by inserting ``, 
special interest'' after ``Preenactment''.
    (B) The item relating to such section in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 76 of such title is amended by inserting ``, 
special interest'' after ``Preenactment''.
SEC. 569. ESTABLISHMENT OF SENTENCE OF CONFINEMENT FOR LIFE WITHOUT 
              ELIGIBILITY FOR PAROLE.
    (a) Establishment of Sentence.--(1) Chapter 47 of title 10, United 
States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by 
inserting after section 856 (article 56) the following new section 
(article):
``Sec. 856a. Art. 56a. Sentence of confinement for life without 
              eligibility for parole
    ``(a) For any offense for which a sentence of confinement for life 
may be adjudged, a court-martial may adjudge a sentence of confinement 
for life without eligibility for parole.
    ``(b) An accused who is sentenced to confinement for life without 
eligibility for parole shall be confined for the remainder of the 
accused's life unless--
            ``(1) the sentence is set aside or otherwise modified as a 
        result of--
                    ``(A) action taken by the convening authority, the 
                Secretary concerned, or another person authorized to 
                act under section 860 of this title (article 60); or
                    ``(B) any other action taken during post-trial 
                procedure and review under any other provision of 
                subchapter IX;
            ``(2) the sentence is set aside or otherwise modified as a 
        result of action taken by a Court of Criminal Appeals, the 
        Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, or the Supreme Court; or
            ``(3) the accused is pardoned.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter VIII of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
856 (article 56) the following new item:
``856a. 56a. Sentence of confinement for life without eligibility for 
                            parole.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Section 856a of title 10, United States Code 
(article 56a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added by 
subsection (a), shall be applicable only with respect to an offense 
committed after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 570. LIMITATION ON APPEAL OF DENIAL OF PAROLE FOR OFFENDERS 
              SERVING LIFE SENTENCE.
    (a) Exclusive Authority To Grant Parole on Appeal of Denial.--
Section 952 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``The Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) In a case in which parole for an offender serving a sentence 
of confinement for life is denied, only the President or the Secretary 
concerned may grant the offender parole on appeal of that denial. The 
authority to grant parole on appeal in such a case may not be 
delegated.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--This section shall apply only with respect to 
any decision to deny parole made after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
SEC. 571. ESTABLISHMENT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS BRANCH IN THE ARMY.
    (a) New Special Branch.--Section 3064(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (4) and (5); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) the Public Affairs Corps;''.
    (b) Public Affairs Corps.--(1) Chapter 307 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 3083. Public Affairs Corps
    ``There is a Public Affairs Corps in the Army. The Public Affairs 
Corps consists of--
            ``(1) the Chief of the Public Affairs Corps;
            ``(2) commissioned officers of the Regular Army appointed 
        therein; and
            ``(3) other members of the Army assigned thereto by the 
        Secretary of the Army.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``3083. Public Affairs Corps.''.
    (c) Transition.--The Secretary of the Army shall implement the 
amendments made by this section not later than October 1, 1998.
          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS
                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances
SEC. 601. INCREASE IN BASIC PAY FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998.
    (a) Waiver of Section 1009 Adjustment.--The adjustment, to become 
effective during fiscal year 1998, required by section 1009(b) of title 
37, United States Code (as amended by section 602), in the rate of 
monthly basic pay authorized members of the uniformed services by 
section 203(a) of such title shall not be made.
    (b) Increase in Basic Pay.--Effective on January 1, 1998, the rates 
of basic pay of members of the uniformed services are increased by 2.8 
percent.
SEC. 602. ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT OF BASIC PAY AND PROTECTION OF MEMBER'S 
              TOTAL COMPENSATION WHILE PERFORMING CERTAIN DUTY.
    (a) In General.--Section 1009 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1009. Certain elements of compensation: adjustment; protection 
              against change
    ``(a) Elements of Compensation.--In this section, the term 
`elements of compensation' means--
            ``(1) the monthly basic pay authorized members of the 
        uniformed services by section 203(a) of this title;
            ``(2) the basic allowance for subsistence authorized 
        members of the uniformed services by section 402 of this title; 
        and
            ``(3) the basic allowance for housing authorized members of 
        the uniformed services by section 403 of this title.
    ``(b) Annual Adjustment of Basic Pay.--Effective as of the first 
day of the first applicable pay period beginning on or after January 1 
of each calendar year, the rates of basic pay of members of the 
uniformed services shall be increased by the percentage (rounded to the 
nearest one-tenth of one percent) equal to the percentage by which the 
Employment Cost Index for the base quarter of the year before the 
preceding calendar year exceeds the Employment Cost Index for the base 
quarter of the second year before the preceding calendar year (if at 
all).
    ``(c) Allocation of Adjustment.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), 
whenever the President determines such action to be in the best 
interest of the Government, the President may allocate the percentage 
increase in basic pay among such pay grade and years-of-service 
categories as the President considers appropriate.
    ``(2) In making any allocation under paragraph (1), the amount of 
the increase in basic pay for any given pay grade and years-of-service 
category after the allocation under paragraph (1) may not be less than 
75 percent of the amount of the increase that otherwise would have been 
effective with respect to such pay grade and years-of-service category 
under subsection (b).
    ``(3) Whenever the President plans to use the authority provided 
under paragraph (1) with respect to any anticipated increase in the 
compensation of members of the uniformed services, the President shall 
advise the Congress, at the earliest practicable time before the 
effective date of the increase, regarding the proposed allocation of 
the increase among pay grade and years-of-service categories.
    ``(d) Protection of Member's Total Compensation While Performing 
Certain Duty.--(1) The total daily amount of the elements of 
compensation, described in subsection (a), together with other pay and 
allowances under this title, to be paid to a member of the uniformed 
services who is temporarily assigned to duty away from the member's 
permanent duty station or to duty under field conditions at the 
member's permanent duty station shall not be less, for any day during 
the assignment period, than the total amount, for the day immediately 
preceding the date of the assignment, of the elements of compensation 
and other pay and allowances of the member.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to an element of 
compensation or other pay or allowance of a member during an assignment 
described in such paragraph to the extent that the element of 
compensation or other pay or allowance is reduced or terminated due to 
circumstances unrelated to the assignment.
    ``(e) Other Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `Employment Cost Index' means the Employment 
        Cost Index (wages and salaries, private industry workers) 
        published quarterly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
            ``(2) The term `base quarter', for each year, means the 
        three-month period ending on September 30 of such year.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to such section in the 
table of sections at the beginning of chapter 19 of such title is 
amended to read as follows:
``1009. Certain elements of compensation: adjustment; protection 
                            against change.''.
SEC. 603. USE OF FOOD COST INFORMATION TO DETERMINE BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR 
              SUBSISTENCE.
    (a) Food-Cost Based Allowance.--Section 402 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 402. Basic allowance for subsistence
    ``(a) Entitlement; Rate; Adjustment.--(1) Except as otherwise 
provided by law, each member of a uniformed service described in 
subsection (b) or (c) is entitled to a basic allowance for subsistence. 
The rate for the allowance shall be prescribed in regulations by the 
Secretary of Defense after consultation with the Secretaries concerned 
specified in subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F) of section 101(5) of this 
title. The allowance may be paid in advance for a period of not more 
than three months.
    ``(2) Whenever basic pay is increased pursuant to section 1009 of 
this title or another law, the Secretary of Defense shall adjust the 
basic allowance for subsistence at the same rate as the most recent 
adjustment made to the cost of the moderate food plan of the Department 
of Agriculture (one of the four official food plans used by the 
Department of Agriculture under the Food Stamp Act of 1977) to reflect 
changes in the cost of the diet described by the moderate food plan.
    ``(b) Enlisted Members.--An enlisted member is entitled to the 
basic allowance for subsistence on a daily basis if the member is 
entitled to basic pay and one or more of the following applies with 
respect to the member:
            ``(1) Rations in kind are not available.
            ``(2) Rations in kind are available, but the Secretary of 
        Defense authorizes the payment of the basic allowance for 
        subsistence.
            ``(3) Permission to mess separately is granted.
            ``(4) The member is assigned to duty under emergency 
        conditions where no messing facilities of the United States are 
        available.
            ``(5) The member is on an authorized leave of absence, is 
        confined in a hospital, or is performing travel under orders 
        away from the member's designated post of duty (except when 
        rations in kind are available and the Secretary of Defense does 
        not authorize the payment of the basic allowance for 
        subsistence.).
    ``(c) Officers.--An officer of a uniformed service who is entitled 
to basic pay is entitled, at all times, to the basic allowances for 
subsistence. An aviation cadet of the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or 
Coast Guard is entitled to the same basic allowance for subsistence as 
is provided for an officer of the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or 
Coast Guard, respectively.
    ``(d) Special Rule for Certain Members Authorized to Mess 
Separately.--Under regulations and in areas prescribed by the Secretary 
of Defense, and the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the 
Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, an 
enlisted member who is granted permission to mess separately, and whose 
duties require the member to buy at least one meal from other than a 
messing facility of the United States, is entitled to not more than the 
pro rata allowance authorized for each such meal for an enlisted member 
when rations in kind are not available.
    ``(e) Payment for Rations in Kind Actually Received.--The Secretary 
of Defense may require a member of the uniformed services to pay for 
rations in kind actually received by the member while entitled to a 
basic allowance for subsistence.
    ``(f) Administration.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe 
regulations for the administration of this section.
    ``(2) For purposes of subsection (b)(5), a member shall not be 
considered to be performing travel under orders away from his 
designated post of duty if the member--
            ``(A) is an enlisted member serving the member's first tour 
        of active duty;
            ``(B) has not actually reported to a permanent duty station 
        pursuant to orders directing such assignment; and
            ``(C) is not actually traveling between stations pursuant 
        to orders directing a change of station.
    ``(g) Percentage Limitation on Enlisted Members Receiving 
Allowance.--(1) This subsection apples with respect to enlisted members 
of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps who, when present at 
their permanent duty station and at which adequate messing facilities 
of the United States are available, reside without dependents in 
Government quarters. The Secretary concerned may not provide a basic 
allowance for subsistence to more than 12 percent of such members under 
the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may exceed the percentage limitation 
specified in paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that compliance 
would increase costs to the Government, would impose financial 
hardships on members otherwise entitled to a basic allowance for 
subsistence, or would reduce the quality of life for such members.
    ``(3) This subsection shall not apply to a member described in 
paragraph (1) when the member is not residing at the member's permanent 
duty station.
    ``(h) Rations in Kind for Certain Reserves.--(1) The Secretary 
concerned may provide rations in kind, or a part thereof, to an 
enlisted member of a reserve component or of the National Guard when 
the member's instruction or duty periods, described in section 206(a) 
of this title, total at least eight hours in a calendar day. The 
Secretary concerned may provide the member with a commutation when 
rations in kind are not available.
    ``(2) This subsection shall not apply with respect to an enlisted 
member of a reserve component or of the National Guard who is entitled 
to basic pay.
    ``(i) Use of Messing Facilities.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretaries concerned, shall establish policies 
regarding the use of messing facilities of the United States, including 
field messing facilities.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 404(b)(2) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``under section 402(e) 
of this title'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``by the Secretary of 
Defense''.
    (2) Section 1012 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``section 402(b)(3)'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``section 402(h)''.
    (3) Section 6912 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``section 402(a) and (b)'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``section 402(c)''.
SEC. 604. CONSOLIDATION OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR QUARTERS, VARIABLE 
              HOUSING ALLOWANCE, AND OVERSEAS HOUSING ALLOWANCES.
    (a) Consolidation of Allowances.--Section 403 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 403. Basic allowance for housing
    ``(a) Components of Basic Allowance for Housing.--The basic 
allowance for housing consists of the following components:
            ``(1) A basic allowance for quarters for members of the 
        uniformed services stationed in the United States and, under 
        certain circumstances, members on duty outside of the United 
        States whose dependents continue to reside in the United 
        States.
            ``(2) A overseas station housing allowance for members on 
        duty outside of the United States to reflect housing costs 
        incurred by the members.
            ``(3) A family separation housing allowance for members 
        with dependents when the movement of the dependents to the 
        members' permanent station is not authorized at the expense of 
        the United States.
    ``(b) Eligibility for Allowance.--(1) Except as otherwise provided 
by law, a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay 
shall receive the component or components of the basic allowance for 
housing to which the member is entitled under this section at the 
monthly rates prescribed in connection with the component under this 
section or other provision of law. The amount of the allowance for a 
member will vary according to the pay grade in which the member is 
assigned or distributed for basic pay purposes and the member's 
dependency status.
    ``(2) The basic allowance for housing may be paid in advance.
    ``(c) Effect of Assignment to Government Quarters.--(1) Except as 
otherwise provided by law, a member of a uniformed service who is 
assigned to quarters of the United States appropriate to the grade, 
rank, or rating of the member and adequate for the member and 
dependents, if with dependents, is not entitled to a basic allowance 
for housing. In this section, the term `quarters of the United States' 
includes a housing facility under the jurisdiction of a uniformed 
service.
    ``(2) A member without dependents who is in a pay grade above pay 
grade E-6 and is assigned to quarters of the United States may elect 
not to occupy those quarters and instead receive the basic allowance 
for housing to which the member is otherwise entitled.
    ``(3) A member without dependents who is in pay grade E-6 and is 
assigned to quarters of the United States that do not meet the minimum 
adequacy standards established by the Secretary of Defense for members 
in such pay grade may elect not to occupy those quarters and instead to 
receive the basic allowance for housing to which the member is 
otherwise entitled. The Secretary concerned may deny the right to make 
an election under this paragraph if the Secretary determines that the 
exercise of such an election would adversely affect a training mission, 
military discipline, or military readiness.
    ``(4) In the case of a member with dependents who is assigned to 
quarters of the United States at a location or under circumstances 
that, as determined by the Secretary concerned, require the member's 
dependents to reside at different location, the member shall receive a 
basic allowance for housing as if the member were assigned to duty in 
the area in which the dependents reside and did not reside in quarters 
of the United States.
    ``(d) Effect of Field Duty and Sea Duty.--(1) The Secretary 
concerned may deny the basic allowance for housing to a member of a 
uniformed service without dependents when the member is assigned to 
field duty with a unit conducting field operations.
    ``(2) A member of a uniformed service without dependents who is in 
a pay grade below pay grade E-6 is not entitled to a basic allowance 
for housing while on sea duty. After taking into consideration the 
availability of quarters for members serving in pay grade E-5, the 
Secretary concerned may authorize the payment of a basic allowance for 
housing to a member without dependents who is serving in such pay grade 
and is assigned to sea duty.
    ``(3) Notwithstanding section 421 of this title, two members of the 
uniformed services in a pay grade below pay grade E-6 who are married 
to each other, have no other dependents, and are simultaneously 
assigned to sea duty are jointly entitled to one basic allowance for 
housing during the period of such simultaneous sea duty. The amount of 
the allowance shall be based on the without dependents rate for the pay 
grade of the senior member of the couple. However, this paragraph shall 
not apply to a couple if one or both of the members are entitled to a 
basic allowance for housing under paragraph (2).
    ``(4) For purposes of this subsection, the Secretary of Defense 
shall prescribe, by regulation, definitions of the terms `field duty' 
and `sea duty'.
    ``(e) Basic Allowance for Quarters.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall determine the costs of adequate housing in a military housing 
area for all members of the uniformed services entitled to a basic 
allowance for quarters in that area. The Secretary shall base the 
determination upon the costs of adequate housing for civilians with 
comparable income levels in the same area.
    ``(2) The monthly amount of a basic allowance for quarters for an 
area of the United States for a member of a uniformed service is equal 
to difference between--
            ``(A) the monthly cost of housing in that area, as 
        determined by the Secretary of Defense, for members of the 
        uniformed services serving in the same pay grade and with the 
        same dependency status as the member; and
            ``(B) 15 percent of the national average monthly cost of 
        housing in the United States, as determined by the Secretary, 
        for members of the uniformed services serving in the same pay 
        grade and with the same dependency status as the member.
    ``(3) The rates of basic allowance for quarters shall be reduced as 
necessary to comply with this paragraph. The total amount that may be 
paid for a fiscal year for the basic allowance for quarters is the 
product of--
            ``(A) the total amount authorized to be paid for such 
        allowance for the preceding fiscal year (as adjusted under 
        paragraph (5)); and
            ``(B) a fraction--
                    ``(i) the numerator of which is the index of the 
                national average monthly cost of housing for June of 
                the preceding fiscal year; and
                    ``(ii) the denominator of which is the index of the 
                national average monthly cost of housing for June of 
                the fiscal year before the preceding fiscal year.
    ``(4) An adjustment in the rates of basic allowance for quarters as 
a result of the Secretary's redetermination of housing costs in an area 
shall take effect on the same date as the effective date of the next 
increase in basic pay under section 1009 of this title or other 
provision of law.
    ``(5) In making a determination under paragraph (3) for a fiscal 
year, the amount authorized to be paid for the preceding fiscal year 
for the basic allowance for quarters shall be adjusted to reflect 
changes during the year for which the determination is made in the 
number, grade distribution, geographic distribution, and dependency 
status of members of the uniformed services entitled to the 
allowance from the number of such members during the preceding fiscal 
year.
    ``(6) So long as a member of a uniformed service retains 
uninterrupted eligibility to receive a basic allowance for quarters 
within an area of the United States, the monthly amount of the 
allowance for the member may not be reduced as a result of changes in 
housing costs in the area, changes in the national average monthly cost 
of housing, or the promotion of the member.
    ``(f) Overseas Station Housing Allowance.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense may prescribe an overseas station housing allowance for a 
member of a uniformed service who is on duty outside of the United 
States. The Secretary shall base the station housing allowance on 
housing costs in the overseas area in which the member is assigned.
    ``(2) So long as a member of a uniformed service retains 
uninterrupted eligibility to receive an overseas station housing 
allowance in an overseas area and the actual monthly cost of housing 
for the member is not reduced, the monthly amount of the overseas 
station housing allowance may not be reduced as a result of changes in 
housing costs in the area or the promotion of the member. The monthly 
amount of the allowance may be adjusted to reflect changes in currency 
rates.
    ``(g) Family Separation Housing Allowance.--(1) A member of a 
uniformed service with dependents who is on permanent duty at a 
location described in paragraph (2) is entitled to a family separation 
housing allowance under this subsection at a monthly rate equal to the 
rate of basic allowance for quarters or overseas station housing 
allowance established for that location for members without dependents 
in the same grade.
    ``(2) A permanent duty location referred to in paragraph (1) is a 
location--
            ``(A) to which the movement of the member's dependents is 
        not authorized at the expense of the United States under 
        section 406 of this title, and the member's dependents do not 
        reside at or near the location; and
            ``(B) at which quarters of the United States are not 
        available for assignment to the member.
    ``(3) The allowance provided under this subsection is in addition 
to any other allowance or per diem that the member is otherwise 
entitled to under this title.
    ``(h) Partial Allowance.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may 
prescribe a partial basic allowance for housing for a member of a 
uniformed service without dependents who is not entitled to the 
allowance pursuant to subsection (c) or (d).
    ``(2) In the case of a member of a uniformed service who is 
assigned to quarters of the United States and pays child support, the 
Secretary of Defense may authorize the payment of a partial basic 
allowance for housing, at a rate prescribed by the Secretary, on 
account of the member's payment of the child support. The allowance 
shall be at a reduced rate to reflect the member's assignment to 
quarters of the United States. The amount of the partial allowance 
shall not exceed the monthly rate of the member's child support. The 
payment of a partial allowance under this paragraph to a member may be 
in addition to any allowance paid to the member under paragraph (1).
    ``(i) Special Rules for Certain Members.--(1)(A) In the case of a 
member of a reserve component of a uniformed service without dependents 
who is called or ordered to active duty (other than for training) or a 
retired member without dependents ordered to active duty under section 
688(a) of title 10, the member shall be considered to be assigned to 
duty at the location of the primary residence of the member at the time 
of the call or order for purposes of determining the amount of the 
member's basic allowance for housing.
    ``(B) If a member described in subparagraph (A) is called or 
ordered to active duty for less than 30 days, the Secretary of Defense 
shall prescribe the amount of the basic allowance for housing to be 
paid to the member.
    ``(C) This paragraph shall not apply to a member described in 
subparagraph (A) if the member is authorized transportation of 
household goods under section 406 of this title as part of the call or 
order to active duty or if the primary residence of the member is not 
owned by the member or the member is not responsible for rental 
payments.
    ``(2) A member of a uniformed service without dependents who is in 
pay grade E-4 (four or more years' service), or above, is entitled to a 
basic allowance for housing while the member is in a travel or leave 
status between permanent duty stations, including time granted as delay 
en route or proceed time, when the member is not assigned to quarters 
of the United States. Notwithstanding subsection (e)(2), the rate of 
basic allowance for quarters for such a member shall be equal to the 
national average monthly cost of housing in the United States, as 
determined by the Secretary, for members of the uniformed services 
serving in the same pay grade and with the same dependency status as 
the member.
    ``(3) The eligibility of an aviation cadet of the Navy, Air Force, 
Marine Corps, or Coast Guard for a basic allowance for housing shall be 
determined as if the aviation cadet were a member of the uniformed 
services in pay grade E-4.
    ``(4) In the case of a member without dependents who is assigned to 
duty inside the United States, the location or the circumstances of 
which make it necessary that the member be reassigned under the 
conditions of low cost or no cost permanent change of station or 
permanent change of assignment, the member may be treated as if the 
member were not reassigned if the Secretary concerned determines that 
it would be inequitable to base the member's entitlement to, and amount 
of, a basic allowance for housing on the area to which the member is 
reassigned.
    ``(j) Administration.--(1) The Secretary concerned may make such 
determinations as may be necessary to administer this section, 
including determinations of dependency and relationship. When warranted 
by the circumstances, the Secretary concerned may reconsider and change 
or modify any such determination. This authority may be delegated by 
the Secretary concerned. Any determination made under this section with 
regard to a member of the uniformed services is final and is not 
subject to review by any accounting officer of the United States or a 
court, unless there is fraud or gross negligence.
    ``(2) Parking facilities (including utility connections) provided 
members of the uniformed services for house trailers and mobile homes 
not owned by the Government shall not be considered to be quarters for 
the purposes of this section or any other provision of law. Any fees 
established by the Government for the use of such a facility shall be 
established in an amount sufficient to cover the cost of maintenance, 
services, and utilities and to amortize the cost of construction of the 
facility over the 25-year period beginning with the completion of such 
construction.
    ``(k) Temporary Continuation of Allowance.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense, or the Secretary of Transportation in the case of the Coast 
Guard when not operating as a service in the Navy, may allow the 
dependents of a member of the armed forces who dies while on active 
duty and whose dependents are occupying family housing provided by the 
Department of Defense, or by the Department of Transportation in the 
case of the Coast Guard, other than on a rental basis on the date of 
the member's death to continue to occupy such housing without charge 
for a period of 180 days.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may pay an allowance for housing to 
the dependents of a member of the uniformed services who dies while on 
active duty and whose dependents are not occupying a housing facility 
under the jurisdiction of a uniformed service on the date of the 
member's death or are occupying such housing on a rental basis on such 
date, or whose dependents vacate such housing sooner than 180 days 
after the date of the member's death. The amount of the allowance shall 
be the same amount that would otherwise be payable to the deceased 
member under this section if the member had not died. The payment of an 
allowance under this paragraph shall terminate 180 days after the date 
of the member's death.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Authorities.--(1) Section 403a of title 
37, United States Code, is repealed.
    (2) Section 405 of such title is amended--
            (A) by striking out subsection (b); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (b) and (c), respectively.
    (3) Section 427 of such title is amended--
            (A) by striking out subsection (a); and
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                    (i) by striking out ``(b) Additional Separation 
                Allowance.--'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(a) 
                Availability of Separation Allowance.--'';
                    (ii) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``including 
                subsection (a)'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``including section 403(g) of this title'';
                    (iii) in paragraph (4)--
                            (I) by striking out ``(4) A member'' and 
                        inserting in lieu thereof ``(b) Effect of 
                        Election to Serve Unaccompanied Tour of Duty.--
                        A member'';
                            (II) by striking out ``paragraph (1)(A) of 
                        this subsection'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
                        ``subsection (a)(1)(A)''; and
                    (iv) in paragraph (5)--
                            (I) by striking out ``(5) Section 421'' and 
                        inserting in lieu thereof ``(c) Effect of 
                        Dependent Entitled to Basic Pay.--Section 
                        421''; and
                            (II) by striking out ``paragraph (1)(D)'' 
                        both places it appears and inserting in lieu 
                        thereof ``subsection (a)(1)(D)''.
    (4) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 7 of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out the items relating 
to sections 403 and 403a and inserting in lieu thereof the following 
new item:
``403. Basic allowance for housing.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (A) in section 101(25), by striking out ``basic allowance 
        for quarters (including any variable housing allowance or 
        station housing allowance)'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``basic allowance for housing'';
            (B) in section 406(c), by striking out ``sections 404 and 
        405'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``sections 403(f), 404, and 
        405'';
            (C) in section 420(c), by striking out ``quarters'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``housing'';
            (D) in section 551(3)(D), by striking out ``basic allowance 
        for quarters'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``basic allowance 
        for housing''; and
            (E) in section 1014(a), by striking out ``basic allowance 
        for quarters'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``basic allowance 
        for housing''.
    (2) Title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in section 708(c)(1), by striking out ``basic allowance 
        for quarters or basic allowance for subsistence'' and inserting 
        in lieu thereof ``basic allowance for housing under section 403 
        of title 37, basic allowance for subsistence under section 402 
        of such title,'';
            (B) in section 2830(a)--
                    (i) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``basic 
                allowance for quarters'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``basic allowance for housing under section 403 of 
                title 37''; and
                    (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``basic 
                allowance for quarters'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``basic allowance for housing'';
            (C) in section 2882(b)--
                    (i) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``section 
                403(b)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 403''; 
                and
                    (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``basic 
                allowance for quarters'' and all that follows through 
                the end of the paragraph and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``basic allowance for housing under section 403 of 
                title 37.'';
            (D) in section 7572(b)--
                    (i) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``the total 
                of--'' and all that follows through the end of the 
                paragraph and inserting in lieu thereof ``the basic 
                allowance for housing payable under section 403 of 
                title 37 to a member of the same pay grade without 
                dependents for the period during which the member is 
                deprived of quarters on board ship.''; and
                    (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``basic 
                allowance for quarters'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``basic allowance for housing''; and
            (E) in section 7573, by striking out ``basic allowance for 
        quarters'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``basic allowance for 
        housing under section 403 of title 37''.
    (3) Section 5561(6)(D) of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
by striking out ``basic allowance for quarters'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``basic allowance for housing''.
    (4) Section 107(b) of title 32, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``and quarters'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``and 
housing''.
    (5) Section 4(k)(10) of the Military Selective Service Act (50 
U.S.C. App. 454(k)(10)) is amended by striking out ``as such terms'' 
and all that follows through ``extended or amended'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``shall be entitled to receive a dependency allowance 
equal to the basic allowance for quarters provided for persons in pay 
grade E-1 under section 403 of title 37, United States Code,''.
    (d) Transition to Basic Allowance for Housing.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall develop and implement a plan to incrementally manage the 
rate of growth of the various components of the basic allowance for 
housing authorized by section 403 of title 37, United States Code (as 
amended by subsection (a)), during a transition period of not more than 
six years. During the transition period, the Secretary may continue to 
use the authorities provided under sections 403, 403a, 405(b), and 
427(a) of title 37, United States Code (as in effect on the day before 
the date of the enactment of this Act), but subject to such 
modifications as the Secretary considers necessary, to provide 
allowances for members of the uniformed services.
    (e) Availability of Funds to Reduce Out-Of-Pocket Housing Costs.--
Of the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 421 for 
military personnel, $35,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of 
Defense to increase the rates of basic allowance for quarters 
authorized members of the Armed Forces by section 403 of title 37, 
United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), so as to further 
reduce out-of-pocket housing costs incurred by members of the Armed 
Forces.
           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays
SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.
    (a) Special Pay for Health Professionals in Critically Short 
Wartime Specialties.--Section 302g(f) of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1998'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (b) Selected Reserve Reenlistment Bonus.--Section 308b(f) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 
1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (c) Selected Reserve Enlistment Bonus.--Section 308c(e) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 
1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (d) Special Pay for Enlisted Members Assigned to Certain High 
Priority Units.--Section 308d(c) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking out ``September 30, 1998'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (e) Selected Reserve Affiliation Bonus.--Section 308e(e) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 
1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (f) Ready Reserve Enlistment and Reenlistment Bonus.--Section 
308h(g) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking out 
``September 30, 1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 
1999''.
    (g) Prior Service Enlistment Bonus.--Section 308i(i) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1998'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR NURSE OFFICER CANDIDATES, REGISTERED 
              NURSES, AND NURSE ANESTHETISTS.
    (a) Nurse Officer Candidate Accession Program.--Section 2130a(a)(1) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 
30, 1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (b) Accession Bonus for Registered Nurses.--Section 302d(a)(1) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 
30, 1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (c) Incentive Special Pay for Nurse Anesthetists.--Section 
302e(a)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking out 
``September 30, 1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 
1999''.
SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
              OTHER BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.
    (a) Aviation Officer Retention Bonus.--Section 301b(a) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1998,'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999,''.
    (b) Reenlistment Bonus for Active Members.--Section 308(g) of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 
1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (c) Enlistment Bonuses for Members With Critical Skills.--Sections 
308a(c) and 308f(c) of title 37, United States Code, are each amended 
by striking out ``September 30, 1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``September 30, 1999''.
    (d) Special Pay for Nuclear Qualified Officers Extending Period of 
Active Duty.--Section 312(e) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking out ``September 30, 1998'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (e) Nuclear Career Accession Bonus.--Section 312b(c) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``September 30, 1998'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 1999''.
    (f) Nuclear Career Annual Incentive Bonus.--Section 312c(d) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``October 1, 
1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``October 1, 1999''.
    (g) Repayment of Education Loans for Certain Health Professionals 
Who Serve in the Selected Reserve.--Section 16302(d) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out ``October 1, 1998'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``October 1, 1999''.
SEC. 614. INCREASE IN MINIMUM MONTHLY RATE OF HAZARDOUS DUTY INCENTIVE 
              PAY FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS.
    (a) Aerial Flight Crewmembers.--The table in subsection (b) of 
section 301 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``110'' each place it appears and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``150''; and
            (2) by striking out ``125'' each place it appears and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``150''.
    (b) Air Weapons Controller Aircrew.--The table in subsection 
(c)(2)(A) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``100'' in the first column of amounts 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``150'';
            (2) by striking out ``110'' in the last column of amounts 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``150''; and
            (3) by striking out ``125'' each place it appears and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``150''.
    (c) Other Members.--Subsection (c)(1) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``$110'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``$150''; and
            (2) by striking out ``$165'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``$225''.
SEC. 615. AVAILABILITY OF MULTIYEAR RETENTION BONUS FOR DENTAL 
              OFFICERS.
    (a) Availability of Retention Bonus.--Chapter 5 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 301d the following 
new section:
``Sec. 301e. Multiyear retention bonus: dental officers of the armed 
              forces
    ``(a) Bonus Authorized.--(1) A dental officer described in 
subsection (b) who executes a written agreement to remain on active 
duty for two, three, or four years after completion of any other 
active-duty service commitment may, upon acceptance of the written 
agreement by the Secretary of the military department concerned, be 
paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
    ``(2) The amount of a retention bonus under paragraph (1) may not 
exceed $14,000 for each year covered by a four-year agreement. The 
maximum yearly retention bonus for two-year and three-year agreements 
shall be reduced to reflect the shorter service commitment.
    ``(b) Officers Automatically Eligible.--Subsection (a) applies to 
an officer of the armed forces who--
            ``(1) is an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the 
        Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental 
        officer;
            ``(2) has a dental specialty in oral and maxillofacial 
        surgery;
            ``(3) is in a pay grade below pay grade 0-7;
            ``(4) has at least eight years of creditable service 
        (computed as described in section 302b(g) of this title) or has 
        completed any active-duty service commitment incurred for 
        dental education and training; and
            ``(5) has completed initial residency training (or will 
        complete such training before September 30 of the fiscal year 
        in which the officer enters into an agreement under subsection 
        (a)).
    ``(c) Extension of Bonus to Other Dental Officers.--At the 
discretion of the Secretary of the military department concerned, the 
Secretary may enter into a written agreement described in subsection 
(a)(1) with a dental officer who does not have the dental specialty 
specified in subsection (b)(2), and pay a retention bonus to such an 
officer as provided in this section, if the officer otherwise satisfies 
the eligibility requirements specified in subsection (b). The 
Secretaries shall exercise the authority provided in this section in a 
manner consistent with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense.
    ``(d) Refunds.--(1) Refunds shall be required, on a pro rata basis, 
of sums paid under this section if the officer who has received the 
payment fails to complete the total period of active duty specified in 
the agreement, as conditions and circumstances warrant.
    ``(2) An obligation to reimburse the United States imposed under 
paragraph (1) is for all purposes a debt owed to the United States.
    ``(3) A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11, United States Code, 
that is entered less than five years after the termination of an 
agreement under this section does not discharge the member signing such 
agreement from a debt arising under such agreement or under paragraph 
(1). This paragraph applies to any case commenced under title 11 after 
the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1998.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
301d the following new item:
``301e. Multiyear retention bonus: dental officers of the armed 
                            forces.''.
SEC. 616. INCREASE IN VARIABLE AND ADDITIONAL SPECIAL PAYS FOR CERTAIN 
              DENTAL OFFICERS.
    (a) Variable Special Pay for Junior Officers.--Paragraph (2) of 
section 302b(a) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking 
out subparagraphs (C) through (F) and inserting in lieu thereof the 
following new subparagraphs:
            ``(C) $7,000 per year, if the officer has at least six but 
        less than eight years of creditable service.
            ``(D) $12,000 per year, if the officer has at least eight 
        but less than 12 years of creditable service.
            ``(E) $10,000 per year, if the officer has at least 12 but 
        less than 14 years of creditable service.
            ``(F) $9,000 per year, if the officer has at least 14 but 
        less than 18 years of creditable service.
            ``(G) $8,000 per year, if the officer has 18 or more years 
        of creditable service.''.
    (b) Variable Special Pay for Senior Officers.--Paragraph (3) of 
such section is amended by striking out ``$1,000'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``$7,000''.
    (c) Additional Special Pay.--Paragraph (4) of such section is 
amended by striking out subparagraphs (B) through (D) and inserting in 
lieu thereof the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(B) $6,000 per year, if the officer has at least three 
        but less than 10 years of creditable service.
            ``(C) $15,000 per year, if the officer has 10 or more years 
        of creditable service.''.
SEC. 617. SPECIAL PAY FOR DUTY AT DESIGNATED HARDSHIP DUTY LOCATIONS.
    (a) Special Pay Authorized.--Section 305 of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking out subsection (a) and inserting in lieu 
thereof the following new subsection:
    ``(a) Special Pay Authorized.--A member of a uniformed service who 
is entitled to basic pay may be paid special pay under this section at 
a monthly rate not to exceed $300 while the member is on duty at a 
location in the United States or outside the United States designated 
by the Secretary of Defense as a hardship duty location.''.
    (b) Cross References and Regulations.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by inserting ``Exception for Certain Members 
                Serving in Certain Locations.--'' after ``(b)''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``as foreign duty pay'' and 
                inserting in lieu thereof ``as hardship duty location 
                pay'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by inserting ``Exception for Members Receiving 
                Career Sea Pay.--'' after ``(c)''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``special pay under this 
                section'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``hardship duty 
                location pay under subsection (a)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations for the provision of hardship duty location pay under 
subsection (a), including the actual monthly rates at which the special 
pay will be available.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--(1) the heading of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 305. Special pay: hardship duty location pay''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 5 of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out the item relating to 
section 305 and inserting in lieu thereof the following new item:
``305. Special pay: hardship duty location pay.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 907(d) of such title is amended 
by striking out ``duty at certain places'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``duty at a hardship duty location''.
    (e) Transition.--Until such time as the Secretary of Defense 
prescribes regulations regarding the provision of hardship duty 
location pay under section 305 of title 37, United States Code, as 
amended by this section, the Secretary may continue to use the 
authority provided by such section 305, as in effect on the day before 
the date of the enactment of this Act, to provide special pay to 
enlisted members of the uniformed services on duty at certain places.
SEC. 618. SELECTED RESERVE REENLISTMENT BONUS.
    (a) Eligible Members.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 308b of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``ten years'' and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``14 years''.
    (b) Bonus Amounts; Payment.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(b)(1) The amount of a bonus under this section may not exceed--
            ``(A) $2,500, in the case of a member who reenlists or 
        extends an enlistment for a period of three years; and
            ``(B) $5,000, in the case of a member who reenlists or 
        extends an enlistment for a period of six years.
    ``(2) The bonus shall be paid according to a payment schedule 
determined by the Secretary concerned, except that the initial payment 
to a member may not exceed one-half the total bonus amount for the 
member.''.
    (c) Number of Individual Bonuses.--Subsection (c) of such section 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) A member may not be paid more than one six-year bonus or two 
three-year bonuses under this section.''.
    (d) Effect of Failure to Serve Satisfactorily.--Subsection (d) of 
such section is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) A member who receives a bonus under this section and who 
fails, during the period for which the bonus was paid, to serve 
satisfactorily in the element of the Selected Reserve of the Ready 
Reserve with respect to which the bonus was paid shall refund to the 
United States an amount that bears the same relation to the amount of 
the bonus paid to the member as the period that the member failed to 
serve satisfactorily bears to the total period for which the bonus was 
paid.''.
SEC. 619. SELECTED RESERVE ENLISTMENT BONUS FOR FORMER ENLISTED 
              MEMBERS.
    (a) Eligible Persons.--Subsection (a)(2) of section 308i of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by striking out subparagraph (A) and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following new subparagraph:
            ``(A) has completed a military obligation but has less than 
        14 years of total military service;'';
    (b) Bonus Amounts; Payment.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(b)(1) The amount of a bonus under this section may not exceed--
            ``(A) $2,500, in the case of a person who enlists for a 
        period of three years; and
            ``(B) $5,000, in the case of a person who enlists for a 
        period of six years.
    ``(2) The bonus shall be paid according to a payment schedule 
determined by the Secretary concerned, except that the initial payment 
to a person may not exceed one-half the total bonus amount for the 
person.''.
    (c) Limitations.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(c)(1) A person may not be paid more than one six-year bonus or 
two three-year bonuses under this section.
    ``(2) A person may not be paid a bonus under this section unless 
the specialty associated with the position the person is projected to 
occupy as a member of the Selected Reserve is a specialty in which--
            ``(A) the person successfully served while a member on 
        active duty; and
            ``(B) the person attained a level of qualification while a 
        member commensurate with the grade and years of service of the 
        member.''.
SEC. 620. SPECIAL PAY OR BONUSES FOR ENLISTED MEMBERS EXTENDING TOURS 
              OF DUTY OVERSEAS.
    (a) Inclusion of Bonus Incentive.--(1) Section 314 of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 314. Special pay or bonus: qualified enlisted members extending 
              duty at designated locations overseas
    ``(a) Covered Members.--This section applies with respect to an 
enlisted member of an armed force who--
            ``(1) is entitled to basic pay;
            ``(2) has a specialty that is designated by the Secretary 
        concerned for the purposes of this section;
            ``(3) has completed a tour of duty (as defined in 
        accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
        concerned) at a location outside the 48 contiguous States and 
        the District of Columbia that is designated by the Secretary 
        concerned for the purposes of this section; and
            ``(4) at the end of that tour of duty executes an agreement 
        to extend that tour for a period of not less than one year.
    ``(b) Special Pay or Bonus Authorized.--Under regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary concerned, an enlisted member described in 
subsection (a) is entitled, upon acceptance by the Secretary concerned 
of the agreement providing for extension of the member's tour of duty, 
to either--
            ``(1) special pay for duty performed during the period of 
        the extension at a rate of not more than $80 per month, as 
        prescribed by the Secretary concerned; or
            ``(2) a bonus of up to $2,000 per year, as prescribed by 
        the Secretary concerned, for specialty requirements at 
        designated locations.
    ``(c) Selection and Payment of Special Pay or Bonus.--Not later 
than the date on which the Secretary concerned accepts an agreement 
described in subsection (a)(4) providing for the extension of a 
member's tour of duty, the Secretary concerned shall notify the member 
regarding whether the member will receive special pay or a bonus under 
this section. The payment rate for the special pay or bonus shall be 
fixed at the time of the agreement and may not be changed during the 
period of the extended tour of duty. The Secretary concerned may pay a 
bonus under this section either in a lump sum or installments.
    ``(d) Repayment of Bonus.--(1) If a member who receives all or part 
of a bonus under this section fails to complete the total period of 
extension specified in the agreement described in subsection (a)(4), 
the Secretary concerned may require the member to repay the United 
States, on a pro rata basis and to the extent that the Secretary 
determines conditions and circumstances warrant, amounts paid to the 
member under this section.
    ``(2) An obligation to repay the United States imposed under 
paragraph (1) is for all purposes a debt owed to the United States.
    ``(3) A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 that is entered less 
than five years after the termination of the agreement does not 
discharge the member signing the agreement from a debt arising under 
the agreement or under paragraph (1). This paragraph applies to any 
case commenced under title 11 on or after October 1, 1997.
    ``(e) Effect of Rest and Recuperative Absence.--A member who elects 
to receive one of the benefits specified in section 705(b) of title 10 
as part of the extension of a tour of duty is not entitled to the 
special pay or bonus authorized by this section for the period of the 
extension of duty for which the benefit under such section is 
provided.''.
    (2) The item relating to section 314 in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended to read as follows:
``314. Special pay or bonus: qualified enlisted members extending duty 
                            at designated locations overseas.''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--Section 314 of title 37, United 
States Code, as amended by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to 
an agreement to extend a tour of duty as provided in such section 
executed on or after October 1, 1997.
SEC. 621. INCREASE IN AMOUNT OF FAMILY SEPARATION ALLOWANCE.
    Section 427 of title 37, United States Code (as amended by section 
604(b)(3)), is further amended in subsection (a)(1) by striking out 
``$75'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$100''.
SEC. 622. CHANGE IN REQUIREMENTS FOR READY RESERVE MUSTER DUTY 
              ALLOWANCE.
    Section 433(c) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking out ``and shall be'' 
        and all that follows through ``is performed''; and
            (2) by inserting after the first sentence the following new 
        sentence: ``The allowance may be paid to the member on or 
        before the date on which the muster duty is performed, but 
        shall be paid not later than 30 days after the date on which 
        the muster duty is performed.''.
            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances
SEC. 631. TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES FOR DEPENDENTS OF MEMBER 
              SENTENCED BY COURT-MARTIAL.
    Section 406(h)(2)(C) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out the comma at the end of clause (iii) and all that follows 
through ``title 10.'' and inserting in lieu thereof a period.
SEC. 632. DISLOCATION ALLOWANCE.
    Section 407 of title 37, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``Sec. 407. Travel and transportation allowances: dislocation allowance
    ``(a) Basic Eligibility.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service described in 
paragraph (2) is entitled to a dislocation allowance at the rate set 
forth in the tables in subsection (c) for the member's pay grade and 
dependency status.
    ``(2) A member of the uniformed services referred to in paragraph 
(1) is any of the following:
            ``(A) A member who makes a change of permanent station and 
        the member's dependents actually make an authorized move in 
        connection with the change, including a move by the 
        dependents--
                    ``(i) to join the member at the member's duty 
                station after an unaccompanied tour of duty when the 
                member's next tour of duty is an accompanied tour at 
                the same station; and
                    ``(ii) to a location designated by the member after 
                an accompanied tour of duty when the member's next tour 
                of duty is an unaccompanied tour at the same duty 
                station.
            ``(B) A member whose dependents actually move pursuant to 
        section 405a(a), 406(e), 406(h), or 554 of this title.
            ``(C) A member whose dependents actually move from their 
        place of residence under circumstances described in section 
        406a of this title.
            ``(D) A member who is without dependents and--
                    ``(i) actually moves to a new permanent station 
                where the member is not assigned to quarters of the 
                United States; or
                    ``(ii) actually moves from a place of residence 
                under circumstances described in section 406a of this 
                title.
            ``(E) A member who is ordered to move in connection with 
        the closure or realignment of a military installation and, as a 
        result, the member's dependents actually move or, in the case 
        of a member without dependents, the member actually moves.
    ``(3) If a dislocation allowance is paid under this subsection to a 
member described in subparagraph (C) or (D)(ii), the member is not 
entitled to another dislocation allowance as a member described in 
subparagraph (A) or (E) in connection with the same move.
    ``(b) Second Allowance Authorized Under Certain Circumstances.--(1) 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, whenever a 
member is entitled to a dislocation allowance as a member described in 
subparagraph (C) or (D)(ii) of subsection (a)(2), the member is also 
entitled to a second dislocation allowance at the rate set forth in the 
tables in subsection (c) for the member's pay grade and dependency 
status if, subsequent to the member or the member's dependents actually 
moving from their place of residence under circumstances described in 
section 406a of this title, the member or member's dependents complete 
that move to a new location and then actually move from that new 
location to another location also under circumstances described in 
section 406a of this title.
    ``(2) If a second dislocation allowance is paid under this 
subsection, the member is not entitled to a dislocation allowance as a 
member described in subparagraph (A) or (E) of subsection (a)(2) in 
connection with those moves.
    ``(c) Dislocation Allowance Rates.--(1) A dislocation allowance 
under this section shall be paid at the following monthly rates, based 
on a member's pay grade and dependency status:
                         ``COMMISSIONED OFFICERS                        
------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Paygrade              Without dependents    With dependents 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
O-10............................          $2,061.75           $2,538.00 
O-9.............................           2,061.75            2,538.00 
O-8.............................           2,061.75            2,538.00 
O-7.............................           2,061.75            2,538.00 
O-6.............................           1,891.50            2,285.25 
O-5.............................           1,821.75            2,202.75 
O-4.............................           1,688.25            1,941.75 
O-3.............................           1,353.00            1,606.50 
O-2.............................           1,073.25            1,371.75 
O-1.............................             903.75            1,226.25 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 ``COMMISSIONED OFFICERS WITH OVER 4 YEARS OF ACTIVE DUTY SERVICE AS AN 
                   ENLISTED MEMBER OR WARRANT OFFICER                   
------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Paygrade              Without dependents    With dependents 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
O-3E............................          $1,461.00           $1,726.50 
O-2E............................           1,242.00            1,557.75 
O-1E............................           1,068.00            1,439.25 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            ``WARRANT OFFICER                           
------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Paygrade              Without dependents    With dependents 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
W-5.............................          $1,715.25           $1,874.25 
W-4.............................           1,523.25            1,718.25 
W-3.............................           1,280.00            1,574.25 
W-2.............................           1,137.00            1,448.25 
W-1.............................             951.75            1,252.50 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            ``ENLISTED MEMBER                           
------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Paygrade              Without dependents    With dependents 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
E-9.............................          $1,251.00           $1,649.25 
E-8.............................           1,148.25            1,520.25 
E-7.............................             981.00            1,411.50 
E-6.............................             888.00            1,304.25 
E-5.............................             819.00            1,173.00 
E-4.............................             712.50            1,020.00 
E-3.............................             699.00              949.50 
E-2.............................             567.75              903.75 
E-1.............................             506.25              903.75 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    ``(2) For each calendar year after 1997, the Secretary of Defense 
shall adjust the rates in the tables in paragraph (1) by the percentage 
equal to the rate of change of the national average monthly cost of 
housing, as determined by the Secretary under section 403 of this title 
for that calendar year.
    ``(d) Fiscal Year Limitation; Exceptions.--(1) A member is not 
entitled to more than one dislocation allowance during a fiscal year 
unless--
            ``(A) the Secretary concerned finds that the exigencies of 
        the service require the member to make more than one change of 
        permanent station during the fiscal year;
            ``(B) the member is ordered to a service school as a change 
        of permanent station;
            ``(C) the member's dependents are covered by section 
        405a(a), 406(e), 406(h), or 554 of this title; or
            ``(D) subparagraph (C) or (D)(ii) of subsection (a)(2) or 
        subsection (b) apply with respect to the member or the member's 
        dependents.
    ``(2) This subsection does not apply in time of national emergency 
or in time of war.
    ``(e) First or Last Duty.--A member is not entitled to payment of a 
dislocation allowance when ordered from the member's home to the 
member's first duty station or from the member's last duty station to 
the member's home.
    ``(f) Rule of Construction.--For purposes of this section, a member 
whose dependents may not make an authorized move in connection with a 
change of permanent station is considered a member without dependents.
    ``(g) Advance Payment.--A dislocation allowance payable under this 
section may be paid in advance.''.
    Subtitle D--Retired Pay, Survivor Benefits, and Related Matters
SEC. 641. TIME IN WHICH CERTAIN CHANGES IN BENEFICIARY UNDER SURVIVOR 
              BENEFIT PLAN MAY BE MADE.
    (a) Extension of Time for Change.--Section 1450(f)(1)(C) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting before the period at 
the end the following: ``, except that such a change of election to 
change a beneficiary under the Plan from a former spouse to a spouse 
may be made at any time after the person providing the annuity 
remarries (rather than only within one year after the date on which 
that person marries)''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to marriages occurring before, on, or after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters
SEC. 651. DEFINITION OF SEA DUTY FOR PURPOSES OF CAREER SEA PAY.
    Section 305a(d) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking out ``, ship-based 
        staff, or ship-based aviation unit'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking out ``or ship-based 
        staff'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may designate duty performed by a 
member while serving on a ship the primary mission of which is 
accomplished either while under way or in port as `sea duty' for 
purposes of this section, even though the duty is performed while the 
member is permanently or temporarily assigned to a ship-based staff or 
other unit not covered by paragraph (1).''.
SEC. 652. LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM FOR COMMISSIONED OFFICERS IN CERTAIN 
              HEALTH PROFESSIONS.
    (a) Chapter 109 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2173. Education loan repayment program: commissioned officers in 
              specified health professions
    ``(a) Authority To Repay Education Loans.--For the purpose of 
maintaining adequate numbers of commissioned officers of the armed 
forces on active duty who are qualified in the various health 
professions, the Secretary of a military department may repay, in the 
case of a person described in subsection (b), a loan that was used by 
the person to finance education regarding a health profession and was 
obtained from a governmental entity, private financial institution, 
school, or other authorized entity.
    ``(b) Eligible Persons.--To be eligible to obtain a loan repayment 
under this section, a person must--
            ``(1) satisfy one of the academic requirements specified in 
        subsection (c);
            ``(2) be fully qualified for, or hold, an appointment as a 
        commissioned officer in one of the health professions; and
            ``(3) sign a written agreement to serve on active duty, or, 
        if on active duty, to remain on active duty for a period in 
        addition to any other incurred active duty obligation.
    ``(c) Academic Requirements.--One of the following academic 
requirements must be satisfied for purposes of determining the 
eligibility of a person for a loan repayment under this section:
            ``(1) The person must be fully qualified in a health 
        profession that the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned has determined to be necessary to meet identified 
        skill shortages.
            ``(2) The person must be enrolled as a full-time student in 
        the final year of a course of study at an accredited 
        educational institution leading to a degree in a health 
profession other than medicine or osteopathic medicine.
            ``(3) The person must be enrolled in the final year of an 
        approved graduate program leading to specialty qualification in 
        medicine, dentistry, osteopathic medicine, or other health 
        profession.
    ``(d) Certain Person Ineligible.--Participants of the Armed Forces 
Health Professions Scholarship and Financial Assistance program under 
subchapter I of chapter 105 of this title and students of the Uniformed 
Services University of the Health Sciences established under section 
2112 of this title are not eligible for the repayment of an education 
loan under this section.
    ``(e) Loan Repayments.--(1) Subject to the limits established by 
paragraph (2), a loan repayment under this section may consist of 
payment of the principal, interest, and related expenses of a loan 
obtained by a person described in subsection (b) for--
            ``(A) all educational expenses, comparable to all 
        educational expenses recognized under section 2127(a) of this 
        title for participants in the Armed Forces Health Professions 
        Scholarship and Financial Assistance program; and
            ``(B) reasonable living expenses, not to exceed expenses 
        comparable to the stipend paid under section 2121(d) of this 
        title for participants in the Armed Forces Health Professions 
        Scholarship and Financial Assistance program.
    ``(2) For each year of obligated service that a person agrees to 
serve in an agreement described in subsection (b)(3), the Secretary of 
the military department concerned may pay not more than $22,000 on 
behalf of the person. This maximum amount shall be increased annually 
by the Secretary of Defense effective October 1 of each year by a 
percentage equal to the percent increase in the average annual cost of 
educational expenses and stipend costs of a single scholarship under 
the Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship and Financial 
Assistance program. The total amount that may be repaid on behalf of 
any person may not exceed an amount determined on the basis of a four-
year active duty service obligation.
    ``(f) Active Duty Service Obligation.--(1) A person entering into 
an agreement described in subsection (b)(3) incurs an active duty 
service obligation. The length of this obligation shall be determined 
under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, but those 
regulations may not provide for a period of obligation of less than one 
year for each maximum annual amount, or portion thereof, paid on behalf 
of the person for qualified loans.
    ``(2) For persons on active duty before entering into the 
agreement, the active duty service obligation shall be served 
consecutively to any other incurred obligation.
    ``(g) Effect of Failure To Complete Obligation.--A commissioned 
officer who is relieved of the officer's active duty obligation under 
this section before the completion of that obligation may be given, 
with or without the consent of the officer, any alternative obligation 
comparable to any of the alternative obligations authorized by section 
2123(e) of this title for participants in the Armed Forces Health 
Professions Scholarship and Financial Assistance program.
    ``(h) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section, including standards for 
qualified loans and authorized payees and other terms and conditions 
for the making of loan repayments.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``2173. Education loan repayment program: commissioned officers in 
                            specified health professions.''.
SEC. 653. CONFORMANCE OF NOAA COMMISSIONED OFFICERS SEPARATION PAY TO 
              SEPARATION PAY FOR MEMBERS OF OTHER UNIFORMED SERVICES.
    (a) Elimination of Limitations on Amount of Separation Pay.--
Section 9 of the Coast and Geodetic Survey Commissioned Officers' Act 
of 1948 (33 U.S.C. 853h) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``, or $30,000, 
        whichever is less'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``, but in no event 
        more than $15,000''; and
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``(1)'', and by striking 
        paragraph (2).
    (b) Waiver of Recoupment of Amounts Withheld for Tax Purposes From 
Certain Separation Pay.--Section 9(e)(2) of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey Commissioned Officers' Act of 1948 (33 U.S.C. 853h) is amended 
in the first sentence by inserting before the period at the end the 
following: ``, less the amount of Federal income tax withheld from such 
pay (such withholding being at the flat withholding rate for Federal 
income tax withholding, as in effect pursuant to regulations prescribed 
under chapter 24 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986)''.
    (c) Effective Date and Application.--The amendments made by this 
section shall take effect on October 1, 1996, and shall apply to 
payments of separation pay that are made after September 30, 1997.
SEC. 654. REIMBURSEMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE OFFICERS FOR ADOPTION 
              EXPENSES.
    Section 221(a) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 213a(a)) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(16) Section 1052, Reimbursement for adoption 
        expenses.''.
SEC. 655. PAYMENT OF BACK QUARTERS AND SUBSISTENCE ALLOWANCES TO WORLD 
              WAR II VETERANS WHO SERVED AS GUERRILLA FIGHTERS IN THE 
              PHILIPPINES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the military department concerned 
shall pay, upon request, to an individual described in subsection (b) 
the amount determined with respect to that individual under subsection 
(c).
    (b) Covered Individuals.--A payment under subsection (a) shall be 
made to any individual who as a member of the Armed Forces during World 
War II--
            (1) was captured within the territory of the Philippines by 
        Japanese forces;
            (2) escaped from captivity; and
            (3) served as a guerrilla fighter in the Philippines during 
        the period from January 1942 through February 1945.
    (c) Amount To Be Paid.--The amount of a payment under subsection 
(a) shall be the amount of quarters and subsistence allowance which 
accrued to an individual described in subsection (b) during the period 
specified in paragraph (3) of subsection (b) and which was not paid to 
that individual. For the purposes of this subsection, the Secretary of 
War shall be deemed to have determined that conditions in the 
Philippines during the specified period justified payment under 
applicable regulations of quarters and subsistence allowances at the 
maximum special rate for duty where emergency conditions existed. The 
Secretary shall apply interest compounded at the three-month Treasury 
bill rate.
    (d) Payment to Survivors.--In the case of any individual described 
in subsection (b) who is deceased, payment under this section with 
respect to that individual shall be made to that individual's nearest 
surviving relative, as determined by the Secretary concerned.
SEC. 656. SPACE AVAILABLE TRAVEL FOR MEMBERS OF SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 157 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2646. Space available travel: members of Selected Reserve
    ``(a) Availability.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to allow members of the Selected Reserve in good standing 
(as determined by the Secretary concerned), and dependents of such 
members, to receive transportation on aircraft of the Department of 
Defense on a space available basis under the same terms and conditions 
as apply to members of the armed forces on active duty and dependents 
of such members.
    ``(b) Condition on Dependent Transportation.--A dependent of a 
member of the Selected Reserve may be provided transportation under 
this section only when the dependent is actually accompanying the 
member on the travel.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``2646. Space available travel: members of Selected Reserve.''.
SEC. 657. STUDY ON MILITARY PERSONNEL AT, NEAR, OR BELOW THE POVERTY 
              LINE.
    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study of 
members of the Armed Forces and their dependents who subsist at, near, 
or below the poverty line.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The study shall include the following:
            (1) An analysis of potential solutions for mitigating or 
        eliminating income levels for members of the Armed Forces that 
        result in certain members and their dependents subsisting at, 
        near, or below the poverty line, including potential solutions 
        involving changes in the systems and rates of--
                    (A) basic allowance for subsistence for members of 
                the Armed Forces under section 402 of title 37, United 
                States Code;
                    (B) basic allowance for quarters for members of the 
                Armed Forces under section 403 of such title; and
                    (C) variable housing allowance for members of the 
                Armed Forces under section 403a of such title.
            (2) An analysis of the effect of the amendments made by 
        sections 603 and 604 of this Act regarding the calculation of 
        the basic allowance for subsistence and the consolidation of 
        the basic allowance for quarters and variable housing allowance 
        on mitigating or eliminating income levels for members of the 
        Armed Forces that result in certain members and their 
        dependents subsisting at, near, or below the poverty line (as 
        defined in section 673(2) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation 
        Act of 1981, including any revision required by that section).
            (3) Identification of the populations of members of the 
        Armed Forces and their dependents most likely to need income 
        support under Federal programs (and the number of individuals 
        in each population), including--
                    (A) the populations living in areas of the United 
                States where housing costs are notably high; and
                    (B) the populations living outside the United 
                States.
            (4) The desirability of increasing rates of basic pay 
        during a defined number of years by varying percentages 
        depending on pay grade, so as to provide for greater increases 
        for members in lower pay grades than for higher pay grades.
    (c) Submission to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress 
the findings of the study conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 658. IMPLEMENTATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD 
              PROGRAM FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Funding.--Section 1060a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Pending 
receipt of such funds from the Secretary of Agriculture for any fiscal 
year, the Secretary of Defense may use funds appropriated to the 
Department of Defense for that fiscal year for operations and 
maintenance to carry out, and to avoid delay in implementation of, the 
program referred to in subsection (a) during any fiscal year.''.
    (b) Submission of Plan to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to Congress a plan for implementing the special supplemental 
food program under section 1060a of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by subsection (a).
                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS
                    Subtitle A--Health Care Services
SEC. 701. EXPANSION OF RETIREE DENTAL INSURANCE PLAN TO INCLUDE 
              SURVIVING SPOUSE AND CHILD DEPENDENTS OF CERTAIN DECEASED 
              MEMBERS.
    Section 1076c(b)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking out ``dies'' and inserting in lieu 
                thereof ``died''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``or'' at the end of the 
                subparagraph;
            (2) by striking out the period at the end of subparagraph 
        (B) and inserting in lieu thereof ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) who died while on active duty for a period of 
                more than 30 days and whose eligible dependents are not 
                eligible, or no longer eligible, for dental benefits 
                under section 1076a of this title pursuant to 
                subsection (i)(2) of such section.''.
SEC. 702. PROVISION OF PROSTHETIC DEVICES TO COVERED BENEFICIARIES.
    (a) Inclusion Among Authorized Care.--Subsection (a) of section 
1077 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following new paragraph:
            ``(15) Prosthetic devices, as determined by the Secretary 
        of Defense to be necessary because of significant conditions 
        resulting from trauma, congenital anomalies, or disease.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by striking out paragraph (2) and inserting in lieu thereof the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Hearing aids, orthopedic footwear, and spectacles, 
        except that, outside of the United States and at stations 
        inside the United States where adequate civilian facilities are 
        unavailable, such items may be sold to dependents at cost to 
        the United States.''.
                      Subtitle B--TRICARE Program
SEC. 711. ADDITION OF DEFINITION OF TRICARE PROGRAM TO TITLE 10.
    Section 1072 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(7) The term `TRICARE program' means the managed health 
        care program that is established by the Department of Defense 
        under the authority of this chapter, principally section 1097 
        of this title, and includes the competitive selection of 
        contractors to financially underwrite the delivery of health 
        care services under the Civilian Health and Medical Program of 
        the Uniformed Services.''.
SEC. 712. PLAN FOR EXPANSION OF MANAGED CARE OPTION OF TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) Expansion Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
prepare a plan for the expansion of the managed care option of the 
TRICARE program, known as TRICARE Prime, into areas of the United 
States located outside of the catchment areas of medical treatment 
facilities of the uniformed services, but in which the managed care 
option is a cost-effective alternative because of--
            (1) the significant number of covered beneficiaries under 
        chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, including retired 
        members of the Armed Forces and their dependents, who reside in 
        the areas; and
            (2) the presence in the areas of sufficient nonmilitary 
        health care provider networks.
    (b) Alternatives.--As an alternative to expansion of the managed 
care option of the TRICARE program to areas of the United States in 
which there is few or no nonmilitary health care provider networks, the 
Secretary shall include in the plan required under subsection (a) an 
evaluation of the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of providing a 
member of the Armed Forces on active duty who is stationed in such an 
area, or whose dependents reside in such an area, with one or both of 
the following:
            (1) A monetary stipend to assist the member in obtaining 
        health care services for the member or the member's dependents.
            (2) A reduction in the cost-sharing requirements applicable 
        to the TRICARE program options otherwise available to the 
        member to match the reduced cost-sharing responsibilities of 
        the managed care option of the TRICARE program.
    (c) Submission of Plan.--Not later than March 1, 1998, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress the plan required under subsection 
(a).
          Subtitle C--Uniformed Services Treatment Facilities
SEC. 721. IMPLEMENTATION OF DESIGNATED PROVIDER AGREEMENTS FOR 
              UNIFORMED SERVICES TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    (a) Commencement of Health Care Services Under Agreement.--
Subsection (c) of section 722 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201, 10 U.S.C. 1073 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B);
            (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Unless''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary may modify the effective date established under 
paragraph (1) for an agreement to permit a transition period of not 
more than six months between the date on which the agreement is 
executed by the parties and the date on which the designated provider 
commences the delivery of health care services under the agreement.''.
    (b) Temporary Continuation of Existing Participation Agreements.--
Subsection (d) of such section is amended by inserting before the 
period at the end the following: ``, including any transitional period 
provided by the Secretary under paragraph (2) of such subsection''.
SEC. 722. LIMITATION ON TOTAL PAYMENTS.
    Section 726(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201, 10 U.S.C. 1073 note) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: ``In establishing the 
ceiling rate for enrollees with the designated providers who are also 
eligible for the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed 
Services, the Secretary of Defense shall take into account the health 
status of the enrollees.''.
SEC. 723. CONTINUED ACQUISITION OF REDUCED-COST DRUGS.
    Section 722 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 10 U.S.C. 1073 note) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Continued Acquisition of Reduced-Cost Drugs.--A designated 
provider shall be treated as part of the Department of Defense for 
purposes of section 8126 of title 38, United States Code, in connection 
with the provision by the designated provider of health care services 
to covered beneficiaries pursuant to the participation agreement of the 
designated provider under section 718(c) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 42 U.S.C. 
248c note) or pursuant to the agreement entered into under subsection 
(b).''.
   Subtitle D--Other Changes to Existing Laws Regarding Health Care 
                               Management
SEC. 731. WAIVER OR REDUCTION OF COPAYMENTS UNDER OVERSEAS DENTAL 
              PROGRAM.
    Section 1076a(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking out ``Secretary'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``Secretary of Defense''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``In 
        the case of such an overseas dental plan, the Secretary may 
        waive or reduce the copayments otherwise required by subsection 
        (e) to the extent the Secretary determines appropriate for the 
        effective and efficient operation of the plan.''.
SEC. 732. PREMIUM COLLECTION REQUIREMENTS FOR MEDICAL AND DENTAL 
              INSURANCE PROGRAMS.
    (a) Selected Reserve Dental Insurance.--Paragraph (3) of section 
1076b(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures 
        for the collection of the member's share of the premium for 
        coverage by the dental insurance plan. Not later than October 
        1, 1998, the Secretary shall permit a member to pay the 
        member's share of the premium through a deduction and 
        withholding from basic pay payable to the member for inactive 
        duty training or basic pay payable to the member for active 
        duty.''.
    (b) Retiree Dental Insurance Plan.--Paragraph (2) of section 
1076c(c) of such title is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) In the regulations prescribed under subsection (h), 
        the Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures for the 
        payment by enrolled members and by other enrolled covered 
        beneficiaries of premiums charged for coverage by the dental 
        insurance plan. Not later than October 1, 1998, the Secretary 
        shall permit a member enrolled in the plan and entitled to 
        retired pay to pay the member's share of the premium through a 
        deduction and withholding from the retired pay of the 
        member.''.
    (c) Implementation Plan.--Not later than March 1, 1998, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a plan to permit, not 
later than October 1, 1998--
            (1) an enrollee in the Selected Reserve dental insurance 
        plan authorized under section 1076b of title 10, United States 
        Code, to pay the enrollee's share of the premium for such 
        insurance through a deduction and withholding from basic pay 
        payable to the enrollee;
            (2) a retired member of the uniformed services enrolled in 
        the dental insurance plan authorized under section 1076c of 
        such title to pay the enrollee's share of the premium for such 
        insurance through a deduction and withholding from retired pay 
        payable to the enrollee; and
            (3) a retired member of the uniformed services enrolled in 
        the managed care option of the TRICARE program known as TRICARE 
Prime to pay the enrollee's share of the premium for such option 
through a deduction and withholding from retired pay payable to the 
enrollee.
SEC. 733. CONSISTENCY BETWEEN CHAMPUS AND MEDICARE IN PAYMENT RATES FOR 
              SERVICES.
    (a) Conformity Between Rates.--Section 1079(h) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking out paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) 
and inserting in lieu thereof the following new paragraph:
    ``(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), payment for a 
charge for services by an individual health care professional (or other 
noninstitutional health care provider) for which a claim is submitted 
under a plan contracted for under subsection (a) shall be equal to an 
amount determined to be appropriate, to the extent practicable, in 
accordance with the same reimbursement rules as apply to payments for 
similar services under title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 
U.S.C. 1395 et seq.). The Secretary of Defense shall determine the 
appropriate payment amount under this paragraph in consultation with 
the other administering Secretaries.''.
    (b) Reduced Rates Authorized.--Paragraph (5) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``With the 
consent of the health care provider, the Secretary is also authorized 
to reduce the authorized payment for certain health care services below 
the amount otherwise required by the payment limitations under 
paragraph (1).''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5), by striking out ``paragraph (4), the 
        Secretary'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary of Defense''; and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively.
SEC. 734. USE OF PERSONAL SERVICES CONTRACTS FOR PROVISION OF HEALTH 
              CARE SERVICES AND LEGAL PROTECTION FOR PROVIDERS.
    (a) Use of Contracts Outside Medical Treatment Facilities.--Section 
1091(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary of 
        Defense''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may also enter into personal 
services contracts to carry out other health care responsibilities of 
the Secretary, such as the provision of medical screening examinations 
at Military Entrance Processing Stations, at locations outside medical 
treatment facilities, as determined necessary pursuant to regulations 
issued by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Defense of Suits.--Section 1089 of such title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``This subsection shall also apply if the 
        physician, dentist, nurse, pharmacist, or paramedical or other 
        supporting personnel (or the estate of such person) involved is 
        serving under a personal services contract entered into by the 
        Secretary of Defense under section 1091 of this title.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
            (A) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(f)''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) With respect to the Secretary of Defense and the Armed Forces 
Retirement Home Board, the authority provided by paragraph (1) also 
includes the authority to provide for reasonable attorney's fees for 
persons described in subsection (a), as determined necessary pursuant 
to regulations issued by the head of the agency concerned.''.
SEC. 735. PORTABILITY OF STATE LICENSES FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.
    Section 1094 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d)(1) Notwithstanding any law regarding the licensure of health 
care providers, a health-care professional described in paragraph (2) 
may practice the health profession or professions of the health-care 
professional in any State, the District of Columbia, or a Commonwealth, 
territory, or possession of the United States, regardless of whether 
the practice occurs in a health care facility of the Department of 
Defense, a civilian facility affiliated with the Department of Defense, 
or any other location authorized by the Secretary of Defense .
    ``(2) A health-care professional referred to in paragraph (1) is a 
member of the armed forces who--
            ``(A) has a current license to practice medicine, 
        osteopathic medicine, dentistry, or another health profession; 
        and
            ``(B) is performing authorized duties for the Department of 
        Defense.''.
SEC. 736. STANDARD FORM AND REQUIREMENTS REGARDING CLAIMS FOR PAYMENT 
              FOR SERVICES.
    (a) Clarification of Existing Requirements.--Section 1106 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1106. Submittal of claims: standard form; time limits
    ``(a) Standard Form.--The Secretary of Defense, after consultation 
with the other administering Secretaries, shall prescribe by regulation 
a standard form for the submission of claims for the payment of health 
care services provided under this chapter.
    ``(b) Time for Submission.--A claim for payment for services shall 
be submitted as provided in such regulations not later than one year 
after the services are provided.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking out 
the item relating to section 1106 and inserting in lieu thereof the 
following new item:
``1106. Submittal of claims: standard form; time limits.''.
SEC. 737. MEDICAL PERSONNEL CONSCIENCE CLAUSE.
    (a) Secretary of Defense Policy.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish a uniform policy for the Army, Navy, and Air Force 
establishing the circumstances under which covered members (as defined 
in subsection (d)) of the Army, Navy, and Air Force may refuse, based 
on conscience, to perform an abortion (or participate in the 
performance of an abortion) or provide a covered family planning 
service (or participate in the provision of such a service).
    (b) Conscience Clause.--(1) The policy established under subsection 
(a) shall provide that a member of the Army, Navy, or Air Force who is 
a covered member may not be required to perform an abortion (or 
participate in the performance of an abortion), or to provide a covered 
family planning service (or participate in the provision of such a 
service), if the member believes that to do so would be wrong on moral, 
ethical or religious grounds.
    (2) Paragraph (1) does not apply in a case in which refusal to 
perform an abortion (or participate in the performance of an abortion) 
or provide a covered family planning service would pose a life-
threatening risk to the patient.
    (c) Covered Family Planning Services.--For the purposes of this 
section, a covered family planning service is any of the following:
            (1) Contraceptive services, not limited to the prescription 
        or provision of a pharmaceutical preparation, device, or 
        chemical method.
            (2) Surgical sterilization.
    (d) Covered Member.--In this section, the term ``covered member'' 
means a member of the Army, Navy, or Air Force who--
            (1) in the case of the Army, is a member of the Medical 
        Corps, Dental Corps, Nurse Corps, Medical Service Corps, 
        Veterinary Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps or is an 
        enlisted member directly engaged in or directly supporting 
        medically related activities;
            (2) in the case of the Navy, is a member of the Medical 
        Corps, Dental Corps, Nurse Corps, or Medical Service Corps or 
        is an enlisted member directly engaged in or directly 
        supporting medically related activities; and
            (3) in the case of the Air Force, is designated as a 
        medical officer, dental officer, Air Force nurse, medical 
        service officer, or biomedical science officer or is an 
        enlisted member directly engaged in or directly supporting 
        medically related activities.
    (e) Effective Date.--The policy established pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall apply with respect to any refusal on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act to perform an abortion (or participate in the 
performance of an abortion) or to provide a covered family planning 
service.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters
SEC. 741. CONTINUED ADMISSION OF CIVILIANS AS STUDENTS IN PHYSICIAN 
              ASSISTANT TRAINING PROGRAM OF ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT.
    (a) Civilian Attendance.--(1) Chapter 407 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 4416. Academy of Health Sciences: admission of civilians in 
              physician assistant training program
    ``(a) Reciprocal Agreements With Colleges.--The Secretary of the 
Army may enter into an agreement with an accredited institution of 
higher education under which students of the institution may attend the 
physician assistant training program conducted by the Army Medical 
Department at the Academy of Health Sciences at Fort Sam Houston, 
Texas, during the didactic portion of the program. In exchange for the 
admission of such students, the institution of higher education shall 
agree to provide such academic services as the Secretary and the 
institution consider to be appropriate to support the physician 
assistant training program at the Academy. The Secretary shall ensure 
that the Army Medical Department does not incur any additional costs as 
a result of the agreement than the Department would incur to obtain 
such academic services in the absence of the agreement.
    ``(b) Selection of Students.--The attendance of civilian students 
at the Academy pursuant to an agreement under subsection (a) may not 
result in a decrease in the number of members of the armed forces 
enrolled in the physician assistant training program. In consultation 
with the institution of higher education that is a party to the 
agreement, the Secretary shall establish qualifications and methods of 
selection for students to receive instruction at the Academy. The 
qualifications established shall be comparable to those generally 
required for admission to the physician assistant training program at 
the Academy.
    ``(c) Rules of Attendance.--Except as the Secretary determines 
necessary, a civilian student who receives instruction at the Academy 
pursuant to an agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be 
subject to the same regulations governing attendance, discipline, 
discharge, and dismissal as apply to other persons attending the 
Academy.
    ``(d) Report.--For each year in which an agreement under subsection 
(a) is in effect, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
specifying the number of civilian students who received instruction at 
the Academy under the agreement during the period covered by the report 
and accessing the benefits to the United States of the agreement.
    ``(e) Academy Defined.--In this section, the term `Academy' means 
the Academy of Health Sciences of the Army Medical Department at Fort 
Sam Houston, Texas.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``4416. Academy of Health Sciences: admission of civilians in physician 
                            assistant training program.''.
    (b) Effect on Existing Demonstration Program.--An agreement entered 
into under the demonstration program for the admission of civilians as 
physician assistant students at the Academy of Health Sciences, Fort 
Sam Houston, Texas, established pursuant to section 732 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 108 
Stat. 2810) shall be treated as an agreement entered into under section 
4416 of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)). The 
agreement may be extended in such manner and for such period as the 
parties to the agreement consider appropriate consistent with such 
section 4416.
SEC. 742. EMERGENCY HEALTH CARE IN CONNECTION WITH OVERSEAS ACTIVITIES 
              OF ON-SITE INSPECTION AGENCY OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Payment of Expenses for Emergency Health Care.--Chapter 152 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
2549 the following new section:
``Sec. 2549a. Emergency health care: overseas activities of On-Site 
              Inspection Agency
    ``(a) Authority to Pay Expenses.--From funds appropriated for the 
necessary expenses of the On-Site Inspection Agency of the Department 
of Defense, the Secretary of Defense may pay or reimburse an employee 
of the Agency, a member of the uniformed services or a civilian 
employee assigned or detailed to the Agency, or an employee of a 
contractor operating under a contract with the Agency, for emergency 
health care services obtained by the employee, member, or contractor 
employee while permanently or temporarily on duty in a state of the 
former Soviet Union or the former Warsaw Pact.
    ``(b) Initial Deposits.--The expenses for emergency health care 
that may be paid or reimbursed under subsection (a) include initial 
deposits for emergency care and inpatient care.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2549 the following new item:
``2549a. Emergency health care: overseas activities of On-Site 
                            Inspection Agency.''.
SEC. 743. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY OF ADEQUACY AND EFFECT OF MAXIMUM 
              ALLOWABLE CHARGES FOR PHYSICIANS UNDER CHAMPUS.
    (a) Study Required.--The Comptroller General shall conduct a study 
regarding the adequacy of the maximum allowable charges for physicians 
established under the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the 
Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS) and the effect of such charges on the 
participation of physicians in CHAMPUS. The study shall include an 
evaluation of the following:
            (1) The methodology used by the Secretary of Defense to 
        establish maximum allowable charges for physicians under 
        CHAMPUS, and whether such methodology conforms to the 
        requirements of section 1079(h) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (2) The differences between the established charges under 
        CHAMPUS and reimbursement rates for similar services under 
        title XVIII of the Social Security Act and other health care 
        programs.
            (3) The basis for physician complaints that the CHAMPUS 
        established charges are too low.
            (4) The difficultly of CHAMPUS in ensuring physician 
        compliance with the CHAMPUS established charges in the absence 
        of legal mechanisms to enforce compliance, and the effect of 
        noncompliance on patient out-of-pocket expenses.
            (5) The effect of the established charges under CHAMPUS on 
        the participation of physicians in CHAMPUS, and the extent and 
        success of Department of Defense efforts to increase physician 
        participation in areas with low participation rates.
    (b) Submission of Report.--Not later than March 1, 1998, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report containing the 
results of the study required by subsection (a).
SEC. 744. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PHARMACY 
              PROGRAMS.
    Not later than March 31, 1998, the Comptroller General shall submit 
to Congress a study evaluating the pharmacy programs of the Department 
of Defense. The study shall include an examination of the following:
            (1) The merits and feasibility of establishing a uniform 
        formulary for military treatment facility pharmacies and 
        civilian contractor pharmacy benefit administrators.
            (2) The extent of, and cost impacts from, military 
        treatment facility pharmacies denying covered beneficiaries 
        under chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, pharmacy care 
        access and shifting such beneficiaries to other sources of 
        pharmacy care.
            (3) The merits and feasibility of implementing other 
        pharmacy benefit management best practices at military 
        treatment facility and civilian contractor pharmacies.
            (4) The cost impacts of TRICARE program contractors being 
        unable to procure pharmaceuticals at discounted prices pursuant 
        to section 8126 of title 38, United States Code, and potential 
        ways to increase the discounts available to TRICARE program 
        contractors, with appropriate controls.
SEC. 745. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY OF NAVY GRADUATE MEDICAL EDUCATION 
              PROGRAM.
    (a) Study Required.--The Comptroller General shall conduct a study 
to evaluate the validity of the recommendations made by the Medical 
Education Policy Council of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery of the 
Navy regarding restructuring the graduate medical education program of 
the Department of the Navy. The study shall specifically address the 
Council's recommendations relating to residency training conducted at 
Naval Medical Center, Portsmouth, Virginia, and National Naval Medical 
Center, Bethesda, Maryland.
    (b) Submission of Report.--Not later than March 1, 1998, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to Congress and the Secretary of the 
Navy a report containing the results of the study required by 
subsection (a).
    (c) Moratorium on Restructuring.--Until the report required by 
subsection (b) is submitted to Congress, the Secretary of the Navy may 
not make any change in the types of residency programs conducted under 
the Navy graduate medical education program or the locations at which 
such residency programs are conducted or otherwise restructure the Navy 
graduate medical education program.
SEC. 746. STUDY OF EXPANSION OF PHARMACEUTICALS BY MAIL PROGRAM TO 
              INCLUDE ADDITIONAL MEDICARE-ELIGIBLE COVERED 
              BENEFICIARIES.
    Not later than six months after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
regarding the feasibility and advisability of expanding the category of 
persons eligible to participate in the demonstration project for the 
purchase of prescription pharmaceuticals by mail, as required by 
section 702(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1079 note), to include persons 
referred to in section 1086(c) of title 10, United States Code, who are 
covered by subsection (d)(1) of such section and reside in the United 
States outside of the catchment area of a medical treatment facility of 
the uniformed services.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS
                     Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy
SEC. 801. CASE-BY-CASE WAIVERS OF DOMESTIC SOURCE LIMITATIONS.
    (a) Requirement for Case-by-Case Waivers.--Section 2534(d) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended in the matter appearing before 
paragraph (1) by striking out ``waive the limitation in subsection (a) 
with respect to the procurement of an item listed in that subsection if 
the Secretary determines'' and inserting in lieu thereof the following: 
``waive, on a case-by-case basis, the limitation in subsection (a) in 
the case of a specific procurement of an item listed in that subsection 
if the Secretary determines, for that specific procurement,''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to contracts entered into after the expiration of 
the 30-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 802. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO ENTER INTO CONTRACTS CROSSING 
              FISCAL YEARS TO ALL SEVERABLE SERVICES CONTRACTS NOT 
              EXCEEDING A YEAR.
    (a) Expanded Authority.--Section 2410a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2410a. Severable services contracts for periods crossing fiscal 
              years
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a 
military department may enter into a contract for procurement of 
severable services for a period that begins in one fiscal year and ends 
in the next fiscal year if (without regard to any option to extend the 
period of the contract) the contract period does not exceed one year.
    ``(b) Obligation of Funds.--Funds made available for a fiscal year 
may be obligated for the total amount of a contract entered into under 
the authority of subsection (a).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to that section in the 
table of sections at the beginning of chapter 141 of such title is 
amended to read as follows:
``2410a. Severable services contracts for periods crossing fiscal 
                            years.''.
SEC. 803. CLARIFICATION OF VESTING OF TITLE UNDER CONTRACTS.
    Section 2307 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Vesting of Title.--If a contract made by the head of an 
agency provides for title to property to vest in the United States, 
such title shall vest in accordance with the terms of the contract, 
regardless of any security interest in the property asserted by the 
contractor.''.
SEC. 804. EXCLUSION OF DISASTER RELIEF, HUMANITARIAN, AND PEACEKEEPING 
              OPERATIONS FROM RESTRICTIONS ON USE OF UNDEFINITIZED 
              CONTRACT ACTIONS.
    Section 2326 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking out paragraph (4); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
                (4); and
            (2) in subsection (g)(1), by adding at the end the 
        following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(E) Purchases in support of contingency 
                operations.
                    ``(F) Purchases in support of humanitarian or 
                peacekeeping operations, as defined in 2302(7)(B) of 
                this title.
                    ``(G) Purchases in support of emergency work and 
                other disaster relief operations performed pursuant to 
                the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency 
                Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).''.
SEC. 805. LIMITATION AND REPORT ON PAYMENT OF RESTRUCTURING COSTS UNDER 
              DEFENSE CONTRACTS.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 2324 the following new section:
``Sec. 2325. Restructuring costs
    ``(a) Limitation on Payment of Restructuring Costs.--(1) The 
Secretary of Defense may not pay, under section 2324 of this title, a 
defense contractor for restructuring costs associated with a business 
combination of the contractor unless the Secretary determines in 
writing either--
            ``(A) that the amount of savings for the Department of 
        Defense associated with the restructuring, based on audited 
        cost data, will be at least twice the amount of the costs 
        allowed; or
            ``(B) that the amount of savings for the Department of 
        Defense associated with the restructuring, based on audited 
        cost data, will exceed the amount of the costs allowed and that 
        the business combination will result in the preservation of a 
        critical capability that otherwise might be lost to the 
        Department.
    ``(2) The Secretary may not delegate the authority to make a 
determination under paragraph (1) to an official of the Department of 
Defense below the level of an Assistant Secretary of Defense.
    ``(b) Report.--Not later than March 1 in each of 1998, 1999, 2000, 
2001, and 2002, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a 
report containing the following:
            ``(1) For each defense contractor to which the Secretary 
        has paid, under section 2324 of this title, restructuring costs 
        associated with a business combination, a summary of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) The amount of savings for the Department of 
                Defense associated with such business combination that 
                has been realized as of the date of the report, based 
                on audited cost data.
                    ``(B) An estimate, as of the date of the report, of 
                the amount of savings for the Department of Defense 
                associated with such business combination that is 
                expected to be achieved in the future.
            ``(2) An identification of any business combination for 
        which the Secretary has paid restructuring costs under section 
        2324 of this title during the preceding calendar year and, for 
        each such business combination--
                    ``(A) the supporting rationale for allowing such 
                costs;
                    ``(B) factual information associated with the 
                determination made under subsection (a) with respect to 
                such costs; and
                    ``(C) a discussion of whether the business 
                combination would have proceeded without the payment of 
                restructuring costs by the Secretary.
            ``(3) An assessment of the degree of vertical integration 
        resulting from business combinations of defense contractors and 
        a discussion of the measures taken by the Secretary of Defense 
        to increase the ability of the Department of Defense to monitor 
        vertical integration trends and address any resulting negative 
        consequences.
    ``(c) Definition.--In this section, the term `business combination' 
includes a merger or acquisition.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2324 the 
following new item:
``2325. Restructuring costs.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Section 2325 of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to business 
combinations that occur after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Subsection (a) of section 818 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (10 
U.S.C. 2324 note) is repealed.
SEC. 806. AUTHORITY RELATING TO PURCHASE OF CERTAIN VEHICLES.
    Section 2253(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``$12,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``$30,000''.
SEC. 807. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT CONTRACTS.
    (a) Requirement for Authorization by Law in Acts Other Than 
Appropriations Acts.--(1) Subsection (i) of section 2306b of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of the Department of Defense, a multiyear 
contract may not be entered into for any fiscal year under this section 
unless the contract is specifically authorized by law in an Act other 
than an appropriations Act.''.
    (2) Paragraph (3) of section 2306b(i) of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall not apply with respect to a 
contract authorized by law before the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (b) Codification of Annual Recurring Multiyear Procurement 
Requirements.--(1) Such section is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(l) Various Additional Requirements With Respect to Multiyear 
Defense Contracts.--(1)(A) The head of an agency may not initiate a 
contract described in subparagraph (B) unless the congressional defense 
committees are notified of the proposed contract at least 30 days in 
advance of the award of the proposed contract.
    ``(B) Subparagraph (A) applies to the following contracts:
            ``(i) A multiyear contract--
                    ``(I) that employs economic order quantity 
                procurement in excess of $20,000,000 in any one year of 
                the contract; or
                    ``(II) that includes an unfunded contingent 
                liability in excess of $20,000,000.
            ``(ii) Any contract for advance procurement leading to a 
        multiyear contract that employs economic order quantity 
        procurement in excess of $20,000,000 in any one year.
    ``(2) The head of an agency may not initiate a multiyear contract 
for which the economic order quantity advance procurement is not funded 
at least to the limits of the Government's liability.
    ``(3) The head of an agency may not initiate a multiyear 
procurement contract for any system (or component thereof) if the value 
of the multiyear contract would exceed $500,000,000 unless authority 
for the contract is specifically provided in an appropriations Act.
    ``(4) The head of an agency may not terminate a multiyear 
procurement contract until 10 days after the date on which notice of 
the proposed termination is provided to the congressional defense 
committees.
    ``(5) The execution of multiyear authority shall require the use of 
a present value analysis to determine lowest cost compared to an annual 
procurement.
    ``(6) This subsection does not apply to the National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration or to the Coast Guard.
    ``(7) In this subsection, the term `congressional defense 
committees' means the following:
            ``(A) The Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        Subcommittee on Defense of the Committee on Appropriations of 
        the Senate.
            ``(B) The Committee on National Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Subcommittee on National Security of 
        the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives.''.
    (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect on 
October 1, 1998.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further 
amended as follows:
            (1) Subsection (a) is amended--
                    (A) by striking out ``finds--'' in the matter 
                preceding paragraph (1) and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``finds each of the following:'';
                    (B) by capitalizing the initial letter of the first 
                word in each of paragraphs (1) through (6);
                    (C) by striking out the semicolon at the end of 
                paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting in lieu 
                thereof a period; and
                    (D) by striking out ``; and'' at the end of 
                paragraph (5) and inserting in lieu thereof a period.
            (2) Subsection (d)(1) is amended by striking out 
        ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subsection 
        (a)''.
            (3) Subsection (i)(1) is amended by striking ``five-year'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``future-years''.
            (4) Subsection (k) is amended by striking out 
        ``subsection'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section''.
SEC. 808. DOMESTIC SOURCE LIMITATION AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Addition of Shipboard Work Stations.--Section 2534(a)(3)(B) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``and'' before ``totally''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``, and shipboard work stations''.
    (b) Extension of Domestic Source Limitation for Valves and Machine 
Tools.--Section 2534(c)(2)(C) of such title is amended by striking out 
``October 1, 1996'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``October 1, 2001''.
SEC. 809. REPEAL OF EXPIRATION OF DOMESTIC SOURCE LIMITATION FOR 
              CERTAIN NAVAL VESSEL PROPELLERS.
    Section 2534(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out paragraph (4).
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters
SEC. 821. REPEAL OF CERTAIN ACQUISITION REQUIREMENTS AND REPORTS
    (a) Repeal of Reporting Requirement for Nonmajor Acquisition 
Programs.--Section 2220(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking out ``and nonmajor''.
    (b) Repeal of Additional Documentation Requirement for Competition 
Exception for International Agreements.--Section 2304(f) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in paragraph (2)(E) by striking out 
``procedures and such document is approved by the competition advocate 
for the procuring activity.'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``procedures.''.
    (c) Elimination of Completion Status Requirement in Certain 
Selected Acquisition Reports.--Section 2432(h)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking out subparagraph (D); and
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
        subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively.
    (d) Repeal of Requirement To Establish Procurement Competition 
Goals.--Section 913 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 
1986 (Public Law 99-145; 99 Stat. 687; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note), is 
repealed.
    (e) Repeal of Annual Report by Advocates for Competition.--Section 
20(b) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 
418(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``and'' at the end of paragraph (3)(B);
            (2) by striking out paragraph (4); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), and (7) as 
        paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), respectively.
    (f) Repeal of Review and Report Relating to Procurement 
Regulations.--Section 25 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy 
Act (41 U.S.C. 421) is amended--
            (1) by striking out paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) of 
        subsection (c); and
            (2) by striking out subsection (g).
SEC. 822. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR USE OF TEST AND EVALUATION 
              INSTALLATIONS BY COMMERCIAL ENTITIES.
    Section 2681(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``September 30, 1998'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``September 30, 2000''.
SEC. 823. REQUIREMENT TO DEVELOP AND MAINTAIN LIST OF FIRMS NOT 
              ELIGIBLE FOR DEFENSE CONTRACTS.
    (a) Development and Maintenance of List.--Section 2327 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) List of Firms Subject to Subsection (b).--(1) The Secretary 
of Defense shall develop and maintain a list of all firms and 
subsidiaries of firms that have been subject to the prohibition in 
subsection (b) since the date occurring five years before the date of 
the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1998. The Secretary shall make the list available to the public.
    ``(2) A firm or subsidiary included on the list maintained under 
paragraph (1) may request the Secretary of Defense to remove such firm 
or subsidiary from the list if its foreign ownership circumstances have 
significantly changed. Upon receipt of such request, the Secretary 
shall determine if paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) still apply 
to the firm or subsidiary. If the Secretary determines such paragraphs 
no longer apply, the Secretary shall remove the firm or subsidiary from 
the list.
    ``(3) The head of an agency shall provide a copy of the list 
maintained under paragraph (1) to each firm or subsidiary of a firm 
that submits a bid or proposal in response to a solicitation issued by 
the Department of Defense.
    ``(4) The head of an agency shall prohibit each firm or subsidiary 
of a firm awarded a contract by the agency from using in the 
performance of the contract any equipment, parts, or services that are 
provided by a firm or subsidiary included on the list maintained under 
paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Removal From List.--Section 2327(c)(1)(A) of such title is 
amended by inserting after ``United States,'' the following: ``the 
Secretary shall remove the firm or subsidiary from the list maintained 
under subsection (d)(1) and''.
      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
SEC. 901. LIMITATION ON OPERATION AND SUPPORT FUNDS FOR THE OFFICE OF 
              THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Reduction in Funds.--The amount of funds appropriated pursuant 
to section 301 that are available for operation and support activities 
of the Office of the Secretary of Defense may not exceed the amount 
equal to 80 percent of the amount of funds requested for such purpose 
in the budget submitted by the President to Congress under section 1105 
of title 31, United States Code, for fiscal year 1998.
    (b) Limitation Pending Receipt of Previously Required Reports.--Of 
the amount available for fiscal year 1998 for operation and support 
activities of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (as limited 
pursuant to subsection (a)), not more than 90 percent may be obligated 
until each of the following reports has been submitted to the 
congressional defense committees:
            (1) The report required by section 901(c) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-
        106; 110 Stat. 401).
            (2) The report required by section 904(b) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-
        201; 110 Stat. 2619).
SEC. 902. COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY.
    (a) Employment and Compensation of Civilian Faculty.--Section 
1595(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking out 
``Institute for National Strategic Study,'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``Institute for National Strategic Studies, the Information 
Resources Management College,''.
    (b) Preparation of Budget Requests.--Section 2162(d)(2) of such 
title is amended by inserting after ``the Armed Forces Staff College,'' 
the following: ``the Institute for National Strategic Studies, the 
Information Resources Management College,''.
SEC. 903. AUTHORIZATION FOR THE MARINE CORPS UNIVERSITY TO EMPLOY 
              CIVILIAN PROFESSORS.
    (a) In General.--Subsections (a) and (c) of 7478 of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``or at the Marine Corps 
Command and Staff College'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``or at a 
school of the Marine Corps University''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The heading of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 7478. Naval War College and Marine Corps University: civilian 
              faculty members''.
    (2) The item relating to such section in the table of sections at 
the beginning of chapter 643 of such title is amended to read as 
follows:
``7478. Naval War College and Marine Corps University: civilian faculty 
                            members.''.
SEC. 904. CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF CHINESE MILITARY AFFAIRS.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
            (1) The strategic relationship between the United States 
        and the People's Republic of China will be very important for 
        future peace and security, not only in the Asia-Pacific region 
        but around the world.
            (2) The United States does not view China as an enemy, nor 
        consider that the coming century necessarily will see a new 
        great power competition between the two nations.
            (3) The end of the Cold War has eliminated what had been 
        the one fundamental common strategic interest of the United 
        States and China, that of containing the Soviet Union.
            (4) The rapid economic rise and stated geopolitical 
        ambitions of China will pose challenges that will require 
        careful management in order to preserve peace and protect the 
        national security interests of the United States.
            (5) The ability of the Department of Defense, and the 
        United States Government more generally, to develop sound 
        security and military strategies is hampered by a limited 
        understanding of Chinese strategic goals and military 
        capabilities. The low priority accorded the study of Chinese 
        strategic and military affairs within the Government and within 
        the academic community has contributed to this limited 
        understanding.
            (6) There is a need for a United States national institute 
        for research and assessment of political, strategic, and 
        military affairs in the People's Republic of China. Such an 
        institute should be capable of providing analysis for the 
        purpose of shaping United States military strategy and policy 
        with regard to China and should be readily accessible to senior 
        leaders within the Department of Defense, but should maintain 
        academic and intellectual independence so that that analysis is 
        not first shaped by policy.
    (b) Establishment of Center for the Study of Chinese Military 
Affairs.--(1) Chapter 108 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2165. National Defense University: Center for the Study of 
              Chinese Military Affairs
    ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs (hereinafter in this 
section referred to as the `Center') as part of the National Defense 
University. The Center shall be organized as an independent institute 
under the University.
    ``(2) The Director of the Center shall be a distinguished scholar 
of proven academic, management, and leadership credentials with a 
superior record of achievement and publication regarding Chinese 
political, strategic, and military affairs. The Director shall be 
appointed by the Secretary of Defense in consultation with the chairman 
and ranking minority party member of the Committee on National Security 
of the House of Representatives and the chairman and ranking minority 
party member of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
    ``(b) Mission.--The mission of the Center is to study the national 
goals and strategic posture of the People's Republic of China and the 
ability of that nation to develop, field, and deploy an effective 
military instrument in support of its national strategic objectives.
    ``(c) Areas of Study.--The Center shall conduct research relating 
to the People's Republic of China as follows:
            ``(1) To assess the potential of that nation to act as a 
        global great power, the Center shall conduct research that 
        considers the policies and capabilities of that nation in a 
        regional and world-wide context, including Central Asia, 
        Southwest Asia, Europe, and Latin America, as well as the Asia-
        Pacific region.
            ``(2) To provide a fuller assessment of the areas of study 
        referred to in paragraph (1), the Center shall conduct research 
        on--
                    ``(A) economic trends relative to strategic goals 
                and military capabilities;
                    ``(B) strengths and weaknesses in the scientific 
                and technological sector; and
                    ``(C) relevant demographic and human resource 
                factors on progress in the military sphere.
            ``(3) The Center shall conduct research on the armed forces 
        of the People's Republic of China, taking into account the 
        character of those armed forces and their role in Chinese 
        society and economy, the degree of their technological 
        sophistication, and their organizational and doctrinal 
        concepts. That research shall include inquiry into the 
        following matters:
                    ``(A) Concepts concerning national interests, 
                objectives, and strategic culture.
                    ``(B) Grand strategy, military strategy, military 
                operations, and tactics.
                    ``(C) Doctrinal concepts at each of the four levels 
                specified in subparagraph (B).
                    ``(D) The impact of doctrine on China's force 
                structure choices.
                    ``(E) The interaction of doctrine and force 
                structure at each level to create an integrated system 
                of military capabilities through procurement, officer 
                education, training, and practice and other similar 
                factors.
    ``(d) Faculty of the Center.--(1) The core faculty of the Center 
should comprise mature scholars capable of providing diverse 
perspectives on Chinese political, strategic, and military thought. 
Center scholars shall demonstrate the following competencies and 
capabilities:
            ``(A) Analysis of national strategy, military strategy, and 
        doctrine.
            ``(B) Analysis of force structure and military 
        capabilities.
            ``(C) Analysis of--
                    ``(i) issues relating to weapons of mass 
                destruction, military intelligence, defense economics, 
                trade, and international economics; and
                    ``(ii) the relationship between those issues and 
                grand strategy, science and technology, the sociology 
                of human resources and demography, and political 
                science.
    ``(2) A substantial number of Center scholars shall be competent in 
the Chinese language. The Center shall include a core of junior 
scholars capable of providing linguistics and translation support to 
the Center.
    ``(e) Activities of the Center.--The activities of the Center shall 
include other elements appropriate to its mission, including the 
following:
            ``(1) The Center should include an active conference 
        program with an international reach.
            ``(2) The Center should conduct an international 
        competition for a Visiting Fellowship in Chinese Military 
        Affairs and Chinese Security Issues. The term of the fellowship 
        should be for one year, renewable for a second. The visitor 
        should contract to produce a major publication in the visitor's 
        area of expertise.
            ``(3) The Center shall provide funds to support at least 
        one trip per analyst per year to China and the region and to 
        support visits of Chinese military leaders to the Center.
            ``(4) The Center shall support well defined, distinguished, 
        signature publications.
            ``(5) Center scholars shall have appropriate access to 
        intelligence community assessments of Chinese military affairs.
    ``(f) Studies and Reports.--The Director may contract for studies 
and reports from the private sector to supplement the work of the 
Center.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``2165. National Defense University: Center for the Study of Chinese 
                            Military Affairs.''.
    (c) Implementation Report.--Not later than January 1, 1998, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report stating the 
timetable and organizational plan for establishing the Center for the 
Study of Chinese Military Affairs under section 2165 of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (b).
    (d) Startup of Center.--The Secretary shall establish the Center 
for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs under section 2165 of title 
10, United States Code, as added by subsection (b), not later than 
March 1, 1998, and shall appoint the first Director of the Center not 
later than June 1, 1998.
    (e) First Year Funding.--Of the amount available to the Secretary 
of Defense for fiscal year 1998 for Defense-wide operation and 
maintenance (other than funds otherwise available for the activities of 
the National Defense University), the Secretary shall make $5,000,000 
available for the Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs 
established under section 2165 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (b).
SEC. 905. WHITE HOUSE COMMUNICATIONS AGENCY.
    Of the amount appropriated pursuant to section 301 for operation 
and maintenance for fiscal year 1998, not more than $55,000,000 may be 
made available for the White House Communications Agency.
SEC. 906. REVISION TO REQUIRED FREQUENCY FOR PROVISION OF POLICY 
              GUIDANCE FOR CONTINGENCY PLANS.
    Section 113(g)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking out ``annually''; 
        and
            (2) in the second sentence, by inserting ``be provided 
        every two years or more frequently as needed and shall'' after 
        ``Such guidance shall''.
SEC. 907. TERMINATION OF THE DEFENSE AIRBORNE RECONNAISSANCE OFFICE.
    (a) Termination of Office.--The organization within the Department 
of Defense known as the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office is 
terminated. No funds available for the Department of Defense may be 
used for the operation of that Office after the date specified in 
subsection (d).
    (b) Transfer of Functions.--(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), 
the Secretary of Defense shall transfer to the Defense Intelligence 
Agency the functions that were performed on the day before the date of 
the enactment this Act by the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office 
relating to its responsibilities for management oversight and 
coordination of defense airborne reconnaissance capabilities.
    (2) The Secretary shall determine which functions are appropriate 
for transfer under paragraph (1). In making such determination, the 
Secretary shall ensure that program management, development and 
acquisition, operations, and related responsibilities for individual 
programs within the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance program remain 
within the military departments.
    (3) Any functions transferred under this subsection shall be 
subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary.
    (c) Report.--(1) Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
committees named in paragraph (2) a report containing the Secretary's 
plan for terminating and transferring the functions of the Defense 
Airborne Reconnaissance Office.
    (2) The committees referred to in paragraph (1) are--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select 
        Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and the 
        Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives.
    (d) Effective Date.--Subsection (a) shall take effect at the end of 
the 120-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS
                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters
SEC. 1001. TRANSFER AUTHORITY.
    (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--(1) Upon determination 
by the Secretary of Defense that such action is necessary in the 
national interest, the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations 
made available to the Department of Defense in this division for fiscal 
year 1998 between any such authorizations for that fiscal year (or any 
subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred shall 
be merged with and be available for the same purposes as the 
authorization to which transferred.
    (2) The total amount of authorizations that the Secretary of 
Defense may transfer under the authority of this section may not exceed 
$2,000,000,000.
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by this section to 
transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
        have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
        transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).
SEC. 1002. INCORPORATION OF CLASSIFIED ANNEX.
    (a) Status of Classified Annex.--The Classified Annex prepared by 
the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives to 
accompany the bill H.R. 1119 of the One Hundred Fifth Congress and 
transmitted to the President is hereby incorporated into this Act.
    (b) Construction With Other Provisions of Act.--The amounts 
specified in the Classified Annex are not in addition to amounts 
authorized to be appropriated by other provisions of this Act.
    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to an 
authorization contained in this Act that are made available for a 
program, project, or activity referred to in the Classified Annex may 
only be expended for such program, project, or activity in accordance 
with such terms, conditions, limitations, restrictions, and 
requirements as are set out for that program, project, or activity in 
the Classified Annex.
    (d) Distribution of Classified Annex.--The President shall provide 
for appropriate distribution of the Classified Annex, or of appropriate 
portions of the annex, within the executive branch of the Government.
SEC. 1003. AUTHORITY FOR OBLIGATION OF UNAUTHORIZED FISCAL YEAR 1997 
              DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) Authority.--The amounts described in subsection (b) may be 
obligated and expended for programs, projects, and activities of the 
Department of Defense in accordance with fiscal year 1997 defense 
appropriations.
    (b) Covered Amounts.--The amounts referred to in subsection (a) are 
the amounts provided for programs, projects, and activities of the 
Department of Defense in fiscal year 1997 defense appropriations that 
are in excess of the amounts provided for such programs, projects, and 
activities in fiscal year 1997 defense authorizations.
    (c) Definitions.--For the purposes of this section:
            (1) Fiscal year 1997 defense appropriations.--The term 
        ``fiscal year 1997 defense appropriations'' means amounts 
        appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of 
        Defense for fiscal year 1997 in the Department of Defense 
        Appropriations Act, 1997 (as contained in section 101(b) of 
        Public Law 104-208).
            (2) Fiscal year 1997 defense authorizations.--The term 
        ``fiscal year 1997 defense authorizations'' means amounts 
        authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for 
        fiscal year 1997 in the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201).
SEC. 1004. AUTHORIZATION OF SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 
              1997.
    Amounts authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Defense 
for fiscal year 1997 in the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201) are hereby adjusted, with respect 
to any such authorized amount, by the amount by which appropriations 
pursuant to such authorization were increased (by a supplemental 
appropriation) or decreased (by a rescission), or both, in the 1997 
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from Natural 
Disasters, and for Overseas Peacekeeping Efforts, Including Those in 
Bosnia.
SEC. 1005. INCREASE IN FISCAL YEAR 1996 TRANSFER AUTHORITY.
    Section 1001(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 100 Stat. 2630) is amended by 
striking out ``$2,000,000,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``$3,100,000,000''.
SEC. 1006. FISHER HOUSE TRUST FUNDS.
    Section 2221(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(5) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for any fiscal 
year from a trust fund specified in subsection (a) any amount referred 
to in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) (as applicable to that trust fund), 
such amount to be available only for the purposes stated in that 
paragraph. With respect to any such amount, the preceding sentence is 
the specific authorization by law required by section 1321(b)(2) of 
title 31.''.
SEC. 1007. FLEXIBILITY IN FINANCING CLOSURE OF CERTAIN OUTSTANDING 
              CONTRACTS FOR WHICH A SMALL FINAL PAYMENT IS DUE.
    (a) Closure of Outstanding Contracts.--The Secretary of Defense may 
make the final payment on a contract to which this section applies from 
the account established pursuant to subsection (d).
    (b) Covered Contracts.--This section applies to any contract of the 
Department of Defense--
            (1) that was entered into before December 5, 1990; and
            (2) for which an unobligated balance of an appropriation 
        that had been initially applied to the contract was canceled 
        before December 5, 1990, pursuant to section 1552 of title 31, 
        United States Code, as in effect before that date.
    (c) Authority Limited to Small Final Payments.--The Secretary may 
use the authority provided by this section only for a contract for 
which the amount of the final payment due is not greater than the 
micro-purchase threshold (as defined in section 32 of the Office of 
Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 428)).
    (d) Account.--The Secretary may establish an account for the 
purposes of this section. The Secretary may from time to time transfer 
into the account, from funds available to the Department of Defense for 
procurement or for research, development, test, and evaluation, such 
amounts as the Secretary determines to be needed for the purposes of 
the account, except that no such transfer may be made that would result 
in the balance of the account exceeding $1,000,000. Amounts in the 
account may be used only for the purposes of this section.
    (e) Closure of Account.--When the Secretary determines that all 
contracts to which this section applies have been closed and there is 
no further need for the account established under subsection (d), the 
Secretary shall close the account. Any amounts remaining in the account 
shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
                Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards
SEC. 1021. RELATIONSHIP OF CERTAIN LAWS TO DISPOSAL OF VESSELS FOR 
              EXPORT FROM THE NAVAL VESSEL REGISTER AND THE NATIONAL 
              DEFENSE RESERVE FLEET.
    (a) Naval Vessel Register.--(1) Section 7305 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Relationship to Toxic Substances Control Act.--(1) Subject to 
paragraph (2), the sale of a vessel under this section for export, or 
any subsequent resale of a vessel sold under this section for export--
            ``(A) is not a disposal or a distribution in commerce under 
        section 6 or 12(a) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 
        U.S.C. 2605 and 2611(a)) or an export of hazardous waste under 
        section 3017 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6938); 
        and
            ``(B) is not subject to section 12(b) of the Toxic 
        Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 2611(b)).
    ``(2)(A) Paragraph (1) applies to a vessel being sold for export 
only if, before the sale of such vessel, any item listed in 
subparagraph (B) containing polychlorinated biphenyls is removed from 
the vessel.
    ``(B) Subparagraph (A) covers any transformer, large high or low 
voltage capacitor, or hydraulic or heat transfer fluid.''.
    (2) Section 7306a of such title is amended--
            (A) in the heading, by adding at the end the following: 
        ``or operational training'';
            (B) in subsection (a), by inserting ``or operational 
        training'' after ``purposes''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Relationship to Other Laws.--The sinking of a vessel for an 
experimental purpose or for operational training pursuant to subsection 
(a) is not--
            ``(1) a disposal or a distribution in commerce under 
        section 6 or 12(a) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 
        U.S.C. 2605 and 2611(a)); or
            ``(2) the transport of material for the purpose of dumping 
        it into ocean waters, or the dumping of material transported 
        from a location outside the United States, under section 101 of 
        the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 
        (33 U.S.C. 1411).''.
    (b) National Defense Reserve Fleet.--(1) Section 510(i) of the 
Merchant Marine Act, 1936 (46 U.S.C. App. 1160(i)) is amended--
            (A) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(i)''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the sale under this 
subsection of a vessel from the National Defense Reserve Fleet for 
export, or any subsequent resale of a vessel sold from the Fleet for 
export--
            ``(i) is not a disposal or a distribution in commerce under 
        section 6 or 12(a) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 
        U.S.C. 2605 and 2611(a)) or an export of hazardous waste under 
        section 3017 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6938); 
        and
            ``(ii) is not subject to subsection (b) of section 12 of 
        the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 2611).
    ``(B)(i) Subparagraph (A) applies to a vessel being sold for export 
only if, before the sale of such vessel, any item listed in clause (ii) 
containing polychlorinated biphenyls is removed from the vessel.
    ``(ii) Clause (i) covers any transformer, large high or low voltage 
capacitor, or hydraulic or heat transfer fluid.''.
    (2) Section 6 of the National Maritime Heritage Act of 1994 (Public 
Law 103-451; 108 Stat. 4776; 16 U.S.C. 5405) is amended--
            (A) in subsections (a)(1) and (b)(2)--
                    (i) by inserting ``or 510(i)'' after ``508''; and
                    (ii) by inserting ``or 1160(i)'' after ``1158''; 
                and
            (B) in subsection (c)(1)(A), by striking out ``1999'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``2001''.
SEC. 1022. AUTHORITY TO ENTER INTO A LONG-TERM CHARTER FOR A VESSEL IN 
              SUPPORT OF THE SURVEILLANCE TOWED-ARRAY SENSOR (SURTASS) 
              PROGRAM.
    The Secretary of the Navy is authorized to enter into a contract in 
accordance with section 2401 of title 10, United States Code, for the 
charter, for a period through fiscal year 2003, of the vessel RV CORY 
CHOUEST (United States official number 933435) in support of the 
Surveillance Towed-Array Sensor (SURTASS) program.
SEC. 1023. TRANSFER OF TWO SPECIFIED OBSOLETE TUGBOATS OF THE ARMY.
    (a) Authority To Transfer Vessels.--The Secretary of the Army may 
transfer the two obsolete tugboats of the Army described in subsection 
(b) to the Brownsville Navigation District, Brownsville, Texas.
    (b) Vessels Covered.--Subsection (a) applies to the following two 
decommissioned tugboats of the Army, each of which is listed as of the 
date of the enactment of this Act as being surplus to the needs of the 
Army: the Normandy (LT-1971) and the Salerno (LT-1953).
    (c) Transfers To Be at No Cost to United States.--A transfer 
authorized by this section shall be made at no cost to the United 
States.
    (d) Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may require such 
additional terms and conditions in connection with the transfers 
authorized by this section as the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 1024. NAMING OF A DDG-51 CLASS DESTROYER THE U.S.S. THOMAS F. 
              CONNOLLY.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of the Navy should 
name a guided missile destroyer of the DDG-51 class the U.S.S. Thomas 
F. Connolly, in honor of Vice Admiral Thomas F. Connolly (1909-1996), 
of the State of Minnesota, who during an active-duty naval career 
extending from 1933 to 1971 became a leading architect of the modern 
United States Navy .
SEC. 1025. CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW PERIOD WITH RESPECT TO TRANSFER OF THE 
              EX-U.S.S. MIDWAY (CV-41).
    In applying section 7306 of title 10, United States Code, with 
respect to the transfer of the decommissioned aircraft carrier ex-
U.S.S. MIDWAY (CV-41), subsection (d)(1)(B) of that section shall be 
applied by substituting ``30 calendar days'' for ``60 days of 
continuous session of Congress''.
                  Subtitle C--Counter-Drug Activities
SEC. 1031. PROHIBITION ON USE OF NATIONAL GUARD FOR CIVIL-MILITARY 
              ACTIVITIES UNDER STATE DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG 
              ACTIVITIES PLAN.
    Section 112 of title 32, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g) Prohibition on Certain Civil-Military Activities.--Funds 
provided under this section may not be used to conduct activities, 
including community-outreach programs, designed to reduce the demand 
for illegal drugs among persons who are not members of the National 
Guard or their dependents.''.
       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Report Requirements and Repeals
SEC. 1041. REPEAL OF MISCELLANEOUS OBSOLETE REPORTS REQUIRED BY PRIOR 
              DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACTS.
    (a) Report on Removal of Basic Point Defense Missile System From 
Naval Amphibious Vessels.--Section 1437 of the Department of Defense 
Authorization Act, 1986 (Public Law 99-145; 99 Stat. 757), is repealed.
    (b) Report Concerning the Stretchout of Major Defense Acquisition 
Programs.--Section 117 of the National Defense Authorization Act, 
Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 1933), is repealed.
    (c) Report Concerning the B-2 Aircraft Program.--Section 115 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 
(Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1373) is repealed.
SEC. 1042. REPEAL OF ANNUAL REPORT REQUIREMENT RELATING TO TRAINING OF 
              SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES WITH FRIENDLY FOREIGN FORCES.
    Section 2011 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out subsection (e).
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters
SEC. 1051. AUTHORITY FOR SPECIAL AGENTS OF THE DEFENSE CRIMINAL 
              INVESTIGATIVE SERVICE TO EXECUTE WARRANTS AND MAKE 
              ARRESTS.
    (a) Authority.--Chapter 81 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1585 the following new section:
``Sec. 1585a. Special agents of the Defense Criminal Investigative 
              Service: authority to execute warrants and make arrests
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may authorize any DCIS 
special agent--
            ``(1) to execute and serve any warrant or other process 
        issued under the authority of the United States; and
            ``(2) to make arrests without a warrant--
                    ``(A) for any offense against the United States 
                committed in the presence of that agent; and
                    ``(B) for any felony cognizable under the laws of 
                the United States if the agent has probable cause to 
                believe that the person to be arrested has committed or 
                is committing the felony.
    ``(b) Attorney General Guidelines.--Authority of a DCIS special 
agent under subsection (a) may be exercised only in accordance with 
guidelines approved by the Attorney General.
    ``(c) DCIS Special Agent Defined.--In this section, the term `DCIS 
special agent' means an employee of the Department of Defense who is a 
special agent of the Defense Criminal Investigative Service (or any 
successor to that service).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1585 the following new item:
``1585a. Special agents of the Defense Criminal Investigative Service: 
                            authority to execute warrants and make 
                            arrests.''.
SEC. 1052. STUDY OF INVESTIGATIVE PRACTICES OF MILITARY CRIMINAL 
              INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS RELATING TO SEX CRIMES.
    (a) Independent Study Required.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide for an independent study of the policies, procedures, and 
practices of the military criminal investigative organizations for the 
conduct of investigations of complaints of sex crimes and other 
criminal sexual misconduct arising in the Armed Forces.
    (2) The Secretary shall provide for the study to be conducted by 
the National Academy of Public Administration. The amount of a contract 
for the study may not exceed $2,000,000.
    (3) The Secretary shall require that all components of the 
Department of Defense cooperate fully with the organization carrying 
out the study.
    (b) Matters To Be Included in Study.--The Secretary shall require 
that the organization conducting the study under this section 
specifically consider each of the following matters:
            (1) The need (if any) for greater organizational 
        independence and autonomy for the military criminal 
        investigative organizations than exists under current chain-of-
        command structures within the military departments.
            (2) The authority of each of the military criminal 
        investigative organizations to investigate allegations of sex 
        crimes and other criminal sexual misconduct and the policies of 
        those organizations for carrying out such investigations.
            (3) The training (including training in skills and 
        techniques related to the conduct of interviews) provided by 
        each of those organizations to agents or prospective agents 
        responsible for conducting or providing support to 
        investigations of alleged sex crimes and other criminal sexual 
        misconduct, including--
                    (A) the extent to which that training is comparable 
                to the training provided by the Federal Bureau of 
                Investigation and other civilian law enforcement 
                agencies; and
                    (B) the coordination of training and investigative 
                policies related to alleged sex crimes and other 
                criminal sexual misconduct of each of those 
                organizations with the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
                and other civilian Federal law enforcement agencies.
            (4) The procedures and relevant professional standards of 
        each military criminal investigative organization with regard 
        to recruitment and hiring of agents, including an evaluation of 
        the extent to which those procedures and standards provide 
        for--
                    (A) sufficient screening of prospective agents 
                based on background investigations; and
                    (B) obtaining sufficient information about the 
                qualifications and relevant experience of prospective 
                agents.
            (5) The advantages and disadvantages of establishing, 
        within each of the military criminal investigative 
        organizations or within the Defense Criminal Investigative 
        Service only, of a special unit for the investigation of 
        alleged sex crimes and other criminal sexual misconduct.
            (6) The clarity of guidance for, and consistency of 
        investigative tactics used by, each of the military criminal 
        investigative organizations for the investigation of alleged 
        sex crimes and other criminal sexual misconduct, together with 
        a comparison with the guidance and tactics used by the Federal 
        Bureau of Investigation and other civilian law enforcement 
        agencies for such investigations.
            (7) The number of allegations of agent misconduct in the 
        investigation of sex crimes and other criminal sexual 
        misconduct for each of those organizations, together with a 
        comparison with the number of such allegations concerning 
        agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other 
        civilian law enforcement agencies for such investigations.
            (8) The procedures of each of the military criminal 
        investigative organizations for administrative identification 
        (known as ``titling'') of persons suspected of committing sex 
        crimes or other criminal sexual misconduct, together with a 
        comparison with the comparable procedures of the Federal Bureau 
        of Investigation and other civilian Federal law enforcement 
        agencies for such investigations.
            (9) The accuracy, timeliness, and completeness of reporting 
        of sex crimes and other criminal sexual misconduct by each of 
        the military criminal investigative organizations to the 
        National Crime Information Center maintained by the Department 
        of Justice.
            (10) Any recommendation for legislation or administrative 
        action to revise the organizational or operational arrangements 
        of the military criminal investigative organizations or to 
        alter recruitment, training, or operational procedures, as they 
        pertain to the investigation of sex crimes and other criminal 
        sexual misconduct.
    (c) Report.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall require the 
organization conducting the study under this section to submit to the 
Secretary a report on the study not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act. The organization shall include in the 
report its findings and conclusions concerning each of the matters 
specified in subsection (b).
    (2) The Secretary shall submit the report under paragraph (1), 
together with the Secretary's comments on the report, to Congress not 
later than 30 days after the date on which the report is submitted to 
the Secretary under paragraph (1).
    (d) Military Criminal Investigative Organization Defined.--For the 
purposes of this section, the term ``military criminal investigative 
organization'' means any of the following:
            (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
            (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
            (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
            (4) The Defense Criminal Investigative Service.
    (e) Criminal Sexual Misconduct Defined.--For the purposes of this 
section, the term ``criminal sexual misconduct'' means conduct by a 
member of the Armed Forces involving sexual abuse, sexual harassment, 
or other sexual misconduct that constitutes an offense under the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice.
SEC. 1053. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
            (1) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, 
        and at the beginning of part I of subtitle A, are each amended 
        by striking out ``471'' in the item relating to chapter 23 and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``481''.
            (2) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, 
        and at the beginning of part IV of subtitle A, are each amended 
        by striking out ``2540'' in the item relating to chapter 152 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``2541''.
            (3) Section 116(b)(2) is amended by striking out ``such 
        subsection'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subsection (a)''.
            (4) Section 129c(e) is amended by striking out ``section 
        115a(g)(2)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 
        115a(e)(2)''.
            (5) Section 382(g) is amended by striking out ``the date of 
        the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 1997'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 
        23, 1996''.
            (6) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter I 
        of chapter 21 is amended by striking out the items relating to 
        sections 424 and 425 and inserting in lieu thereof the 
        following:
``424. Disclosure of organizational and personnel information: 
                            exemption for Defense Intelligence Agency, 
                            National Reconnaissance Office, and 
                            National Imagery and Mapping Agency.''.
            (7) Section 445 is amended--
                    (A) by striking out ``(1)'' before ``Except with'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
                (C) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively;
                    (C) by striking out ``(2)'' before ``Whenever it 
                appears'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``(b) 
                Injunctive Relief.--''; and
                    (D) by striking out ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting 
                in lieu thereof ``subsection (a)''.
            (8) Section 858b is amended in the first sentence by 
        striking out ``forfeiture'' and all that follows through ``due 
        that member'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``forfeiture of 
        pay, or of pay and allowances, due that member''.
            (9) Section 943(c) is amended--
                    (A) in the third sentence, by striking out ``such 
                positions'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``positions 
                referred to in the preceding sentences''; and
                    (B) by capitalizing the initial letter of the third 
                word of the subsection heading.
            (10) Section 954 is amended by striking out ``this'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``his''.
            (11) Section 972(b) is amended by striking out ``the date 
        of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 1996'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``February 10, 1996''.
            (12) Section 976(f) is amended by striking out ``shall,'' 
        and all that follows and inserting in lieu thereof ``shall be 
        fined under title 18 or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or 
        both, except that, in the case of an organization (as defined 
        in section 18 of such title), the fine shall not be less than 
        $25,000.''.
            (13) Section 977 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c), by striking out ``Beginning 
                on October 1, 1996, not more than'' and inserting in 
                lieu thereof ``Not more than''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)(2), by striking out ``before 
                October 1, 1996,'' and all that follows through ``so 
                assigned'' the second place it appears.
            (14) Section 1129(c) is amended--
                    (A) by striking out ``the date of the enactment of 
                this section,'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``November 30, 1993,''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``before the date of the 
                enactment of this section or'' and inserting in lieu 
                thereof ``before such date or''.
            (15) Section 1151(b) is amended by striking out ``with'' in 
        the subsection heading and inserting in lieu thereof ``With''.
            (16) Section 1152(g) is amended by inserting ``(1)'' before 
        ``The Secretary may''.
            (17) Section 1408(d) is amended--
                    (A) by striking out ``To'' in the subsection 
                heading and inserting in lieu thereof ``to''; and
                    (B) by redesignating the second paragraph (6) as 
                paragraph (7).
            (18) Section 1599c(c)(1)(F) is amended by striking out 
        ``Sections 106(f)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Sections 
        106(e)''.
            (19) Section 1763 is amended--
                    (A) by striking out ``On and after October 1, 1993, 
                the Secretary of Defense'' and inserting in lieu 
                thereof ``The Secretary of Defense''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``secretaries'' and inserting 
                in lieu thereof ``Secretaries''.
            (20) Section 2010(e) is repealed.
            (21) Section 2208(k) is repealed.
            (22)(A) Section 2306(h) is amended by inserting ``for the 
        purchase of property'' after ``Multiyear contracting 
        authority''.
            (B)(i) The heading of section 2306b is amended to read as 
        follows:
``Sec. 2306b. Multiyear contracts: acquisition of property''.
            (ii) The item relating to such section in the table of 
        sections at the beginning of chapter 137 of such title is 
        amended to read as follows:
``2306b. Multiyear contracts: acquisition of property.''.
            (23) Section 2306b(k) is amended by striking out ``this 
        subsection'' in the first sentence and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``this section''.
            (24) Section 2315(a) is amended by striking out ``the 
        Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``division E of the Clinger-Cohen Act 
        of 1996 (40 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.)''.
            (25) Section 2371a is amended by inserting ``Defense'' 
        before ``Advanced Research Projects Agency''.
            (26) Section 2401a(a) is amended by striking out ``leasing 
        of such vehicles'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``such 
        leasing''.
            (27) Section 2466(e) is repealed.
            (28) Section 2684(b) is amended by striking out ``, United 
        States Code,''.
            (29) Section 2885 is amended by striking out ``five years 
        after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996'' and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``on February 10, 2001''.
            (30) Section 12733(3) is amended--
                    (A) by inserting a comma after ``(B)''; and
                    (B) by striking out ``the date of the enactment of 
                the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                1997'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 23, 
                1996,''.
    (b) Title 37, United States Code.--Section 205(d) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by striking out the period after 
``August 1, 1979'' and inserting in lieu thereof a comma.
    (c) Public Law 104-201.--Effective as of September 23, 1996, and as 
if included therein as enacted, the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 367 (110 Stat. 2496) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking out ``Subchapter 
                II of chapter'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``Chapter''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking out 
                ``subchapter'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``chapter''.
            (2) Section 614(b)(2)(B) (110 Stat. 2544) is amended by 
        striking out ``the period'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the 
        semicolon''.
            (3) Section 802(1) (110 Stat. 2604) is amended by striking 
        out ``1995'' in the first quoted matter therein and inserting 
        in lieu thereof ``1996''.
            (4) Section 829(c) (110 Stat. 2612) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``Section 
                2502(b)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Section 
                2502(c)''; and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as subparagraph 
                (C) of paragraph (2).
    (d) Other Annual Defense Authorization Acts.--
            (1) of The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106) is amended as follows:
                    (A) Section 533(b) (110 Stat. 315) is amended by 
                inserting before the period at the end the following: 
                ``and the amendments made by subsection (b), effective 
                as of October 5, 1994''.
                    (B) Section 1501(d)(1) (110 Stat. 500) is amended 
                by striking out ``337(b)'' and ``2717'' and inserting 
in lieu thereof ``377(b)'' and ``2737'', respectively.
            (2) Section 845 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2371 note) 
        is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by inserting ``Defense'' 
                before ``Advanced''; and
                    (B) in the section heading, by inserting 
                ``defense'' after the third word.
            (3) The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        1993 (Public Law 102-484) is amended as follows:
                    (A) Section 812(c) (10 U.S.C. 1723 note) is amended 
                by inserting ``and Technology'' after ``for 
                Acquisition''.
                    (B) Subsection (e) of section 4471 (10 U.S.C. 2501 
                note) is amended--
                            (i) by realigning that subsection so as to 
                        be flush to the margin; and
                            (ii) by capitalizing the initial letter of 
                        the third word of the subsection heading.
            (4) Section 807(b)(2)(A) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 
        102-190; 10 U.S.C. 2320 note) is amended by inserting before 
        the period the following: ``and Technology''.
            (5) The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        1991 (Public Law 101-510) is amended as follows:
                    (A) Section 1205 (10 U.S.C. 1746 note) is amended 
                by striking out ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition'' each place it appears and inserting in 
                lieu thereof ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Technology''.
                    (B) Section 2921 (10 U.S.C. 2687 note) is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (e)(3)(B), by striking 
                        out ``Subcommittees'' and inserting in lieu 
                        thereof ``Subcommittee''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (f)(2), by striking out 
                        ``the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                        Senate and House of Representatives'' and 
                        inserting in lieu thereof ``the Committee on 
                        Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee 
                        on National Security of the House of 
                        Representatives''.
            (6) Section 1121(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-180; 10 
        U.S.C. 113 note) is amended by striking out ``under this 
        section--'' and all that follow through ``fiscal year 1990'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``under this section may not 
        exceed 5,000 during any fiscal year''.
    (d) Title 5, United States Code.--Title 5, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
            (1) Section 3329(b) is amended by striking out ``a position 
        described in subsection (c)'' the second place it appears.
            (2) Section 5315 is amended--
                    (A) in the item relating to the Chief Information 
                Officer of the Department of the Interior, by inserting 
                ``the'' before ``Interior''; and
                    (B) in the item relating to the Chief Information 
                Officer of the Department of the Treasury, by inserting 
                ``the'' before ``Treasury''.
            (3) Section 5316 is amended by striking out ``Atomic 
        Energy'' after ``Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``Nuclear and Chemical and 
        Biological Defense Programs''.
    (e) Acquisition Policy Statutes.--
            (1) Section 309 of the Federal Property and Administrative 
        Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 259) is amended by striking out 
        ``and'' at the end of subsection (b)(2).
            (2) The Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act is amended 
        as follows:
                    (A) The item relating to section 27 in the table of 
                contents in section 1 is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 27. Restrictions on disclosing and obtaining contractor bid or 
                            proposal information or source selection 
                            information.''.
                    (B) Section 6(d) (41 U.S.C. 405(d)) is amended--
                            (i) by striking out the period at the end 
                        of paragraph (5)(J) and inserting in lieu 
                        thereof a semicolon;
                            (ii) by moving paragraph (6) two ems to the 
                        left; and
                            (iii) in paragraph (12), by striking out 
                        ``small business'' and inserting in lieu 
                        thereof ``small businesses''.
                    (C) Section 35(b)(2) (41 U.S.C. 431(b)(2)) is 
                amended by striking out ``commercial'' and inserting in 
                lieu thereof ``commercially available''.
            (3) Section 6 of the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 
        U.S.C. 605) is amended in subsections (d) and (e) by striking 
        out ``(as in effect on September 30, 1995)'' each place it 
        appears.
            (4) Subsections (d)(1) and (e) of section 16 of the Small 
        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 645) are each amended by striking out 
        ``concerns'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``concern''.
    (f) Coordination With Other Amendments.--For purposes of applying 
amendments made by provisions of this Act other than provisions of this 
section, this section shall be treated as having been enacted 
immediately before the other provisions of this Act.
SEC. 1054. DISPLAY OF POW/MIA FLAG.
    (a) Required Display.--The POW/MIA flag shall be displayed at the 
locations specified in subsection (c) each year on POW/MIA flag display 
days. Such display shall serve (1) as the symbol of the Nation's 
concern and commitment to achieving the fullest possible accounting of 
Americans who, having been prisoners of war or missing in action, still 
remain unaccounted for, and (2) as the symbol of the Nation's 
commitment to achieving the fullest possible accounting for Americans 
who in the future may become prisoners of war, missing in action, or 
otherwise unaccounted for as a result of hostile action.
    (b) Days for Flag Display.--(1) For purposes of this section, POW/
MIA flag display days are the following:
            (A) Armed Forces Day, the third Saturday in May.
            (B) Memorial Day, the last Monday in May.
            (C) Flag Day, June 14.
            (D) Independence Day, July 4.
            (E) National POW/MIA Recognition Day.
            (F) Veterans Day, November 11.
    (2) In the case of display at United States Postal Service post 
offices (required by subsection (c)(8)), POW/MIA flag display days in 
any year include, in addition to the days specified in paragraph (1), 
the last business day before each such day that itself is not a 
business day.
    (c) Locations for Flag Display.--The locations for the display of 
the POW/MIA flag under this section are the following:
            (1) The Capitol.
            (2) The White House.
            (3) The Korean War Veterans Memorial and the Vietnam 
        Veterans Memorial.
            (4) Each national cemetery.
            (5) The buildings containing the primary offices of--
                    (A) the Secretary of State;
                    (B) the Secretary of Defense;
                    (C) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and
                    (D) the Director of the Selective Service System.
            (6) Each major military installation, as designated by the 
        Secretary of Defense.
            (7) Each Department of Veterans Affairs medical center.
            (8) Each United States Postal Service post office.
    (d) Coordination With Other Display Requirement.--Display of the 
POW/MIA flag at the Capitol pursuant to paragraph (1) of subsection (c) 
is in addition to the display of that flag in the Rotunda of the 
Capitol required by Senate Concurrent Resolution 5 of the 101st 
Congress, agreed to on February 22, 1989 (103 Stat. 2533).
    (e) Requirements Concerning Display at Specified Locations.--(1) 
Display of the POW/MIA flag at the buildings specified in paragraphs 
(1), (2), (5), and (7) of subsection (c) shall be on, or on the grounds 
of, each such building.
    (2) Display of that flag pursuant to paragraph (5) of subsection 
(c) at the buildings containing the primary offices of the officials 
specified in that paragraph shall be in an area visible to the public.
    (3) Display of that flag at United States Postal Service post 
offices pursuant to paragraph (8) of subsection (c) shall be on the 
grounds or in the public lobby of each such post office.
    (f) POW/MIA Flag Defined.--As used in this section, the term ``POW/
MIA flag'' means the National League of Families POW/MIA flag 
recognized officially and designated by section 2 of Public Law 101-355 
(36 U.S.C. 189).
    (g) Regulations for Implementation.--Within 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the head of each department, agency, or 
other establishment responsible for a location specified in subsection 
(c) (other than the Capitol) shall prescribe such regulations as 
necessary to carry out this section.
    (h) Procurement and Distribution of Flags.--Within 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of General 
Services shall procure POW/MIA flags and distribute them as necessary 
to carry out this section.
    (i) Repeal of Prior Law.--Section 1084 of Public Law 102-190 (36 
U.S.C. 189 note) is repealed.
SEC. 1055. CERTIFICATION REQUIRED BEFORE OBSERVANCE OF MORATORIUM ON 
              USE BY ARMED FORCES OF ANTIPERSONNEL LANDMINES.
    Any moratorium imposed by law (whether enacted before, on, or after 
the date of the enactment of this Act) on the use of antipersonnel 
landmines by the Armed Forces may be implemented only if (and after) 
the Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, certifies to Congress that--
            (1) the moratorium will not adversely affect the ability of 
        United States forces to defend against attack on land by 
        hostile forces; and
            (2) the Armed Forces have systems that are effective 
        substitutes for antipersonnel landmines.
SEC. 1056. PROTECTION OF SAFETY-RELATED INFORMATION VOLUNTARILY 
              PROVIDED BY AIR CARRIERS.
    (a) Authority To Protect Information.--Section 2640 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
        (i) and (j), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(h) Authority to Protect Safety-Related Information Voluntarily 
Provided by An Air Carrier.--(1) In any case in which an air carrier 
voluntarily provides safety-related information to the Secretary for 
purposes of this section, the Secretary may (notwithstanding any other 
provision of law) withhold the information from public disclosure if 
the Secretary determines that--
            ``(A) disclosure of the information would inhibit the air 
        carrier from voluntarily providing safety-related information 
        to the Secretary; and
            ``(B) the information would aid--
                    ``(i) the Secretary in carrying out his 
                responsibilities under this section; or
                    ``(ii) the head of another agency in carrying out 
                the safety responsibilities of the agency.
    ``(2) If the Secretary provides to the head of another agency 
safety-related information described in paragraph (1) with respect to 
which the Secretary has made a determination described in that 
paragraph, the head of that agency shall (notwithstanding any other 
provision of law) withhold the information from public disclosure.''.
    (b) Applicability.--Subsection (h) of section 2640 of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with 
respect to requests for information made on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1057. NATIONAL GUARD CHALLENGE PROGRAM TO CREATE OPPORTUNITIES FOR 
              CIVILIAN YOUTH.
    (a) Program Authority.--Chapter 5 of title 32, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 509. National Guard Challenge Program of opportunities for 
              civilian youth
    ``(a) Program Authority and Purpose.--The Secretary of Defense, 
acting through the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, may conduct a 
National Guard civilian youth opportunities program (to be known as the 
`National Guard Challenge Program') to use the National Guard to 
provide military-based training, including supervised work experience 
in community service and conservation projects, to civilian youth who 
cease to attend secondary school before graduating so as to improve the 
life skills and employment potential of such youth.
    ``(b) Conduct of the Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide for the conduct of the National Guard Challenge Program in such 
States as the Secretary considers to be appropriate, except that 
Federal expenditures under the program may not exceed $50,000,000 for 
any fiscal year.
    ``(c) Program Agreements.--(1) To carry out the National Guard 
Challenge Program in a State, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into 
an agreement with the Governor of the State or, in the case of the 
District of Columbia, with the commanding general of the District of 
Columbia National Guard, under which the Governor or the commanding 
general will establish, organize, and administer the National Guard 
Challenge Program in the State.
    ``(2) The agreement may provide for the Secretary to provide funds 
to the State for civilian personnel costs attributable to the use of 
civilian employees of the National Guard in the conduct of the National 
Guard Challenge Program.
    ``(d) Matching Funds Required.--The amount of assistance provided 
under this section to a State program of the National Guard Challenge 
Program may not exceed--
            ``(1) for fiscal year 1998, 75 percent of the costs of 
        operating the State program during that year;
            ``(2) for fiscal year 1999, 70 percent of the costs of 
        operating the State program during that year;
            ``(3) for fiscal year 2000, 65 percent of the costs of 
        operating the State program during that year; and
            ``(4) for fiscal year 2001 and each subsequent fiscal year, 
        60 percent of the costs of operating the State program during 
        that year.
    ``(e) Persons Eligible to Participate in Program.--A school dropout 
from secondary school shall be eligible to participate in the National 
Guard Challenge Program. The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe the 
standards and procedures for selecting participants from among school 
dropouts.
    ``(f) Authorized Benefits for Participants.--(1) To the extent 
provided in an agreement entered into in accordance with subsection (c) 
and subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense, a person 
selected for training in the National Guard Challenge Program may 
receive the following benefits in connection with that training:
            ``(A) Allowances for travel expenses, personal expenses, 
        and other expenses.
            ``(B) Quarters.
            ``(C) Subsistence.
            ``(D) Transportation.
            ``(E) Equipment.
            ``(F) Clothing.
            ``(G) Recreational services and supplies.
            ``(H) Other services.
            ``(I) Subject to paragraph (2), a temporary stipend upon 
        the successful completion of the training, as characterized in 
        accordance with procedures provided in the agreement.
    ``(2) In the case of a person selected for training in the National 
Guard Challenge Program who afterwards becomes a member of the Civilian 
Community Corps under subtitle E of title I of the National and 
Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12611 et seq.), the person may 
not receive a temporary stipend under paragraph (1)(I) while the person 
is a member of that Corps. The person may receive the temporary stipend 
after completing service in the Corps unless the person elects to 
receive benefits provided under subsection (f) or (g) of section 158 of 
such Act (42 U.S.C. 12618).
    ``(g) Program Personnel.--(1) Personnel of the National Guard of a 
State in which the National Guard Challenge Program is conducted may 
serve on full-time National Guard duty for the purpose of providing 
command, administrative, training, or supporting services for the 
program. For the performance of those services, any such personnel may 
be ordered to duty under section 502(f) of this title for not longer 
than the period of the program.
    ``(2) A Governor participating in the National Guard Challenge 
Program and the commanding general of the District of Columbia National 
Guard (if the District of Columbia National Guard is participating in 
the program) may procure by contract the temporary full time services 
of such civilian personnel as may be necessary to augment National 
Guard personnel in carrying out the National Guard Challenge Program in 
that State.
    ``(3) Civilian employees of the National Guard performing services 
for the National Guard Challenge Program and contractor personnel 
performing such services may be required, when appropriate to achieve 
the purposes of the program, to be members of the National Guard and to 
wear the military uniform.
    ``(h) Equipment and Facilities.--(1) Equipment and facilities of 
the National Guard, including military property of the United States 
issued to the National Guard, may be used in carrying out the National 
Guard Challenge Program.
    ``(2) Activities under the National Guard Challenge Program shall 
be considered noncombat activities of the National Guard for purposes 
of section 710 of this title.
    ``(i) Status of Participants.--(1) A person receiving training 
under the National Guard Challenge Program shall be considered an 
employee of the United States for the purposes of the following 
provisions of law:
            ``(A) Subchapter I of chapter 81 of title 5 (relating to 
        compensation of Federal employees for work injuries).
            ``(B) Section 1346(b) and chapter 171 of title 28 and any 
        other provision of law relating to the liability of the United 
        States for tortious conduct of employees of the United States.
    ``(2) In the application of the provisions of law referred to in 
paragraph (1)(A) to a person referred to in paragraph (1)--
            ``(A) the person shall not be considered to be in the 
        performance of duty while the person is not at the assigned 
        location of training or other activity or duty authorized in 
        accordance with a program agreement referred to in subsection 
        (c), except when the person is traveling to or from that 
        location or is on pass from that training or other activity or 
        duty;
            ``(B) the person's monthly rate of pay shall be deemed to 
        be the minimum rate of pay provided for grade GS-2 of the 
        General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5; and
            ``(C) the entitlement of a person to receive compensation 
        for a disability shall begin on the day following the date on 
        which the person's participation in the National Guard 
        Challenge Program is terminated.
    ``(3) A person referred to in paragraph (1) may not be considered 
an employee of the United States for any purpose other than a purpose 
set forth in that paragraph.
    ``(j) Supplemental Resources.--(1) To carry out the National Guard 
Challenge Program in a State, the Governor of the State or, in the case 
of the District of Columbia, the commanding general of the District of 
Columbia National Guard may supplement funds made available under the 
program out of other resources (including gifts) available to the 
Governor or the commanding general. The Governor or the commanding 
general may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or donations of money, 
other property, or services for the National Guard Challenge Program.
    ``(k) Report.--Within 90 days after the end of each fiscal year, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
design, conduct, and effectiveness of the National Guard Challenge 
Program during the preceding fiscal year. In preparing the report, the 
Secretary shall coordinate with the Governor of each State in which the 
National Guard Challenge Program is carried out and, if the program is 
carried out in the District of Columbia, with the commanding general of 
the District of Columbia National Guard.
    ``(l) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `State' includes the Commonwealth of Puerto 
        Rico, the territories, and the District of Columbia.
            ``(2) The term `school dropout' means an individual who is 
        no longer attending any school and who has not received a 
        secondary school diploma or a certificate from a program of 
        equivalency for such a diploma.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``509. National Guard Challenge Program of opportunities for civilian 
                            youth.''.
SEC. 1058. LEASE OF NON-EXCESS PERSONAL PROPERTY OF THE MILITARY 
              DEPARTMENTS.
    (a) Receipt of Fair Market Value.--Subsection (b)(4) of section 
2667 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking out ``, in 
the case of the lease of real property,''.
    (b) Competitive Selection.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g)(1) If a proposed lease under subsection (a) involves only 
personal property, the lease term exceeds one year, and the fair market 
value of the lease interest exceeds $100,000, as determined by the 
Secretary concerned, the Secretary shall use competitive procedures to 
select the lessee.
    ``(2) Not later than 45 days before entering into a lease referred 
to in paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall submit to Congress 
written notice describing the terms of the proposed lease and the 
competitive procedures used to select the lessee.''.
SEC. 1059. COMMENDATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND GOVERNMENT 
              CIVILIAN PERSONNEL WHO SERVED DURING THE COLD WAR.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
            (1) During the period of the Cold War, from the end of 
        World War II until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, 
        the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a global 
        military rivalry.
            (2) This rivalry, potentially the most dangerous military 
        confrontation in the history of mankind, has come to a close 
        without a direct superpower military conflict.
            (3) Military and civilian personnel of the Department of 
        Defense, personnel in the intelligence community, members of 
        the foreign service, and other officers and employees of the 
        United States faithfully performed their duties during the Cold 
        War.
            (4) Many such personnel performed their duties while 
        isolated from family and friends and served overseas under 
        frequently arduous conditions in order to protect the United 
        States and achieve a lasting peace.
            (5) The discipline and dedication of those personnel were 
        fundamental to the prevention of a superpower military 
        conflict.
    (b) Congressional Commendation.--The Congress hereby commends, and 
expresses its gratitude and appreciation for, the service and 
sacrifices of the members of the Armed Forces and civilian personnel of 
the Government who contributed to the historic victory in the Cold War.
  TITLE XI--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION WITH STATES OF FORMER SOVIET 
                                 UNION
SEC. 1101. SPECIFICATION OF COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--For purposes of section 301 and other provisions 
of this Act, Cooperative Threat Reduction programs are the programs 
specified in subsection (b) of section 406 of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by section 1110.
    (b)  Fiscal Year 1998 Cooperative Threat Reduction Funds Defined.--
As used in this title, the term ``fiscal year 1998 Cooperative Threat 
Reduction funds'' means the funds appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 301 for Cooperative Threat 
Reduction programs.
SEC. 1102. FISCAL YEAR 1998 FUNDING ALLOCATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Of the fiscal year 1998 Cooperative Threat 
Reduction funds, not more than the following amounts may be obligated 
for the purposes specified:
            (1) For strategic offensive arms elimination in Russia, 
        $77,900,000.
            (2) For strategic nuclear arms elimination in Ukraine, 
        $76,700,000.
            (3) For fissile material containers in Russia, $7,000,000.
            (4) For planning and design of a chemical weapons 
        destruction facility in Russia, $14,400,000.
            (5) For planning, design, and construction of a storage 
        facility for Russian fissile material, $57,700,000.
            (6) For weapons storage security in Russia, $23,500,000.
            (7) For activities designated as Defense and Military-to-
        Military Contacts in Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan, 
        $7,000,000.
            (8) For military-to-military programs of the United States 
        that focus on countering the threat of proliferation of weapons 
        of mass destruction and that include the security forces of the 
        independent states of the former Soviet Union other than 
        Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakstan, $2,000,000.
            (9) For activities designated as Other Assessments/
        Administrative Support $18,500,000.
    (b) Limited Authority To Vary Individual Amounts.--(1) If the 
Secretary of Defense determines that it is necessary to do so in the 
national interest, the Secretary may, subject to paragraph (2), 
obligate amounts for the purposes stated in any of the paragraphs of 
subsection (a) in excess of the amount specified for those purposes in 
that paragraph, but not in excess of 115 percent of that amount. 
However, the total amount obligated for the purposes stated in the 
paragraphs in subsection (a) may not by reason of the use of the 
authority provided in the preceding sentence exceed the sum of the 
amounts specified in those paragraphs.
    (2) An obligation for the purposes stated in any of the paragraphs 
in subsection (a) in excess of the amount specified in that paragraph 
may be made using the authority provided in paragraph (1) only after--
            (A) the Secretary submits to Congress notification of the 
        intent to do so together with a complete discussion of the 
        justification for doing so; and
            (B) 15 days have elapsed following the date of the 
        notification.
SEC. 1103. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR SPECIFIED PURPOSES.
    (a) In General.--No fiscal year 1998 Cooperative Threat Reduction 
funds, and no funds appropriated for Cooperative Threat Reduction 
programs for any prior fiscal year and remaining available for 
obligation, may be obligated or expended for any of the following 
purposes:
            (1) Conducting with Russia any peacekeeping exercise or 
        other peacekeeping-related activity.
            (2) Provision of housing.
            (3) Provision of assistance to promote environmental 
        restoration.
            (4) Provision of assistance to promote job retraining.
    (b) Limitation With Respect to Defense Conversion Assistance.--None 
of the funds appropriated pursuant to this Act or any other Act may be 
obligated or expended for the provision of assistance to Russia or any 
other state of the former Soviet Union to promote defense conversion.
SEC. 1104. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS UNTIL SPECIFIED REPORTS ARE 
              SUBMITTED.
    No fiscal year 1998 Cooperative Threat Reduction funds may be 
obligated or expended until 15 days after the date that is the latest 
of the following:
            (1) The date on which the President submits to Congress the 
        determinations required under subsection (c) of section 211 of 
        Public Law 102-228 (22 U.S.C. 2551 note) with respect to any 
        certification transmitted to Congress under subsection (b) of 
        that section during the period beginning on September 23, 1996, 
        and ending on the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) The date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to 
        Congress the annual report required to be submitted not later 
        than January 31, 1998, under section 1206(a) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-
        106; 110 Stat. 471; 22 U.S.C. 5955 note).
            (3) The date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to 
        Congress the report for fiscal year 1997 required under section 
        1205(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 108 Stat. 2883; 22 U.S.C. 5952 
        note).
SEC. 1105. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS UNTIL SUBMISSION OF 
              CERTIFICATION.
    (a) Limitation on Use of Funds Until Submission of Certification.--
No fiscal year 1998 Cooperative Threat Reduction funds may be obligated 
or expended for strategic offensive arms elimination projects in Russia 
related to the START II Treaty (as defined in section 1302(d) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 
104-201; 110 Stat. 2701)) until 30 days after the date on which the 
President submits to Congress a certification in writing that--
            (1) implementation of the projects would benefit the 
        national security interest of the United States; and
            (2) Russia has agreed to share the cost for the projects.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 15 days after the date that the 
President submits to Congress the certification under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report describing the arrangement between the United 
States and Russia with respect to the sharing of costs for strategic 
offensive arms elimination projects in Russia related to the START II 
Treaty.
SEC. 1106. USE OF FUNDS FOR CHEMICAL WEAPONS DESTRUCTION FACILITY.
    (a) Limitation on Use of Funds Until Submission of Notifications to 
Congress.--No fiscal year 1998 Cooperative Threat Reduction funds may 
be obligated or expended for planning and design of a chemical weapons 
destruction facility until 15 days after the date that is the later of 
the following:
            (1) The date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to 
        Congress notification of an agreement between the United States 
        and Russia with respect to such chemical weapons destruction 
        facility that includes--
                    (A) an agreement providing for a limitation on the 
                financial contribution by the United States for the 
                facility;
                    (B) an agreement that the United States will not 
                pay the costs for infrastructure determined by Russia 
                to be necessary to support the facility; and
                    (C) an agreement on the site of the facility.
            (2) The date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to 
        Congress notification that the Government of Russia has 
        formally approved a plan--
                    (A) that allows for the destruction of chemical 
                weapons in Russia; and
                    (B) that commits Russia to pay a portion of the 
                cost for the facility.
    (b) Prohibition on Use of Funds for Facility Construction.--No 
fiscal year 1998 Cooperative Threat Reduction funds authorized to be 
obligated in section 1102(a)(4) for planning and design of a chemical 
weapons destruction facility in Russia may be used for construction of 
such facility.
SEC. 1107. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR STORAGE FACILITY FOR RUSSIAN 
              FISSILE MATERIAL.
    (a) Limitation on Use of Fiscal Year 1998 Funds.--No fiscal year 
1998 Cooperative Threat Reduction funds may be obligated or expended 
for planning, design, or construction of a storage facility for Russian 
fissile material until 15 days after the date that is the later of the 
following:
            (1) The date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to 
        Congress notification of an agreement between the United States 
        and Russia that the total share of the cost to the United 
        States for such facility will not exceed $275,000,000.
            (2) The date on which the Secretary submits to Congress 
        notification of an agreement between the United States and 
        Russia incorporating the principle of transparency with respect 
        to the use of the facility.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds for Fiscal Years Before Fiscal Year 
1998.--None of the funds appropriated for Cooperative Threat Reduction 
programs for a fiscal year before fiscal year 1998 and remaining 
available for obligation on the date of the enactment of this Act may 
be obligated or expended for planning, design, or construction of a 
storage facility for Russian fissile material until--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the costs and schedule for the 
        planning, design, and construction of the facility and 
        transparency issues relating to the facility; and
            (2) 15 days have elapsed following the date of the 
        notification.
SEC. 1108. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR WEAPONS STORAGE SECURITY.
    No fiscal year 1998 Cooperative Threat Reduction funds may be 
obligated or expended for weapons storage security in Russia until--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
        defense committees notification of an agreement between the 
        United States and Russia on audits and examinations with 
        respect to weapons storage security; and
            (2) 15 days have elapsed following the date of the 
        notification.
SEC. 1109. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON ISSUES REGARDING PAYMENT OF TAXES OR 
              DUTIES ON ASSISTANCE PROVIDED TO RUSSIA UNDER COOPERATIVE 
              THREAT REDUCTION PROGRAMS.
    Not later than September 30, 1997, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to Congress a report on--
            (1) any disputes between the United States and Russia with 
        respect to payment by the United States of taxes or duties on 
        assistance provided to Russia under a Cooperative Threat 
        Reduction program, including a description of the nature of 
        each dispute, the amount of payment disputed, whether the 
        dispute was resolved, and if the dispute was resolved, the 
        means by which the dispute was resolved;
            (2) the actions taken by the Secretary to prevent disputes 
        between the United States and Russia with respect to payment by 
        the United States of taxes or duties on assistance provided to 
        Russia under a Cooperative Threat Reduction program;
            (3) any agreements between the United States and Russia 
        with respect to payment by the United States of taxes or duties 
        on assistance provided to Russia under a Cooperative Threat 
        Reduction program; and
            (4) any proposals of the Secretary on actions that should 
        be taken to prevent disputes between the United States and 
Russia with respect to payment by the United States of taxes or duties 
on assistance provided to Russia under a Cooperative Threat Reduction 
program.
SEC. 1110. LIMITATION ON OBLIGATION OF FUNDS FOR A SPECIFIED PERIOD.
    (a) In General.--(1) Chapter 20 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 406. Use of Cooperative Threat Reduction program funds: 
              limitation
    ``(a) In General.--In carrying out Cooperative Threat Reduction 
programs during any fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense may use funds 
appropriated for those programs only to the extent that those funds 
were appropriated for that fiscal year or for either of the two 
preceding fiscal years.
    ``(b) Definition of Cooperative Threat Reduction Programs.--In this 
section, the term `Cooperative Threat Reduction programs' means the 
following programs with respect to states of the former Soviet Union:
            ``(1) Programs to facilitate the elimination, and the safe 
        and secure transportation and storage, of nuclear, chemical, 
        and other weapons and their delivery vehicles.
            ``(2) Programs to facilitate the safe and secure storage of 
        fissile materials derived from the elimination of nuclear 
        weapons.
            ``(3) Programs to prevent the proliferation of weapons, 
        components, and weapons-related technology and expertise.
            ``(4) Programs to expand military-to-military and defense 
        contacts.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``406. Use of Cooperative Threat Reduction program funds: 
                            limitation.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Section 406 of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to fiscal years 
beginning with fiscal year 1998.
SEC. 1111. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.
    Funds appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations 
in section 301 for Cooperative Threat Reduction programs shall be 
available for obligation for three fiscal years.
              TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO OTHER NATIONS
SEC. 1201. REPORTS TO CONGRESS RELATING TO UNITED STATES FORCES IN 
              BOSNIA.
    (a) Secretary of Defense Reports on Nonmilitary Tasks Carried Out 
by United States Forces.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees two reports identifying each 
activity being carried out, as of the date of the report, by covered 
United States forces in Bosnia that is an activity that (as determined 
by the Secretary) is expected to be performed by an international or 
local civilian organization once the multinational peacekeeping mission 
in Bosnia is concluded.
    (2) For purposes of this paragraph, covered United States forces in 
Bosnia are United States ground forces in the Republic of Bosnia and 
Herzegovina that are assigned to the multinational peacekeeping force 
known as the Stabilization Force (SFOR) or to any other multinational 
peacekeeping force that is a successor to the Stabilization Force.
    (3) The Secretary shall include in each report under paragraph (1), 
for each activity identified in that paragraph, the following:
            (A) The number of United States military personnel 
        involved.
            (B) Whether forces assigned to the SFOR (or successor 
        multinational force) from other nations also participated in 
        that activity.
            (C) The justification for using military forces rather than 
        civilian organizations to perform that activity.
    (4) The first report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted not 
later than December 1, 1997. The second such report shall be submitted 
not later than March 31, 1998.
    (b) Presidential Report on Political and Military Conditions in 
Bosnia.--(1) Not later than December 15, 1997, the President shall 
submit to Congress a report on the political and military conditions in 
the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereafter in this section 
referred to as Bosnia-Herzegovina). Of the funds available to the 
Secretary of Defense for fiscal year 1998 for the operation of United 
States ground forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina during that fiscal year, no 
more than 60 percent may be expended before the report is submitted.
    (2) The report under paragraph (1) shall include a discussion of 
the following:
            (A) The date on which the transition from the multinational 
        force known as the Stabilization Force to the planned 
        multinational successor force to be known as the Deterrence 
        Force will occur and how the decision as to that date will 
        impact the estimates of costs associated with the operation of 
        United States ground forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina during fiscal 
        year 1998 as contained in the President's budget for fiscal 
        year 1998.
            (B) The military and political considerations that will 
        affect the decision to carry out such a transition.
            (C) The incremental, per-month cost increases the 
        Department of Defense resulting from a decision to delay the 
        transition from the Stabilization Force to the Deterrence 
        Force.
            (D) The unresolved political, economic, and military issues 
        within Bosnia-Herzegovina that may affect the estimate of the 
        Secretary of the costs of complete withdrawal of United States 
        forces from Bosnia-Herzegovina, the timeframe for force 
        reductions for such withdrawal, and the timing of complete 
        withdrawal of United States forces from Bosnia-Herzegovina.
            (E) A detailed explanation and timetable for carrying out 
        the President's commitment to withdraw all United States ground 
        forces from Bosnia-Herzegovina by the end of June 1998, 
        including the planned date of commencement and completion of 
        the withdrawal.
            (F) Any plan to maintain or expand other Bosnia-related 
        operations (such as the operation designated as Operation 
        Deliberate Guard) if tensions in Bosnia-Herzegovina remain 
        sufficient to delay the transition from the Stabilization Force 
        to the Deterrence Force and the estimated cost associated with 
        each such operation.
            (G) Whether allied nations participating in the Bosnia 
        mission have similar plans to increase and maintain troop 
        strength or maintain ground forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina and, 
        if so, the identity of each such country and a description of 
        that country's plans.
    (3) As used in this subsection, the term ``Stabilization Force'' 
(referred to as ``SFOR'') means the follow-on force to the 
Implementation Force (known as ``IFOR'') in the Republic of Bosnia and 
Herzegovina and other countries in the region, authorized under United 
Nations Security Council Resolution 1008 (December 12, 1996).
SEC. 1202. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF COUNTERPROLIFERATION AUTHORITIES.
    Section 1505 of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Control Act of 1992 
(title XV of Public Law 102-484; 22 U.S.C. 5859a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(3), by striking out ``or'' after 
        ``fiscal year 1996,'' and by inserting ``, or $15,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 1998'' before the period at the end; and
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking out ``1997'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``1998''.
SEC. 1203. REPORT ON FUTURE MILITARY CAPABILITIES AND STRATEGY OF THE 
              PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.
    (a) Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall prepare a report, in 
both classified and unclassified form, on the future pattern of 
military modernization of the People's Republic of China. The report 
shall address the probable course of military-technological development 
in the People's Liberation Army and the development of Chinese grand 
strategy, security strategy, and military strategy, and of military 
organizations and operational concepts, through 2015.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The report shall include analyses and 
forecasts of the following:
            (1) The goals of Chinese grand strategy, security strategy, 
        and military strategy.
            (2) Trends in Chinese political grand strategy meant to 
        establish the People's Republic of China as the leading 
        political power in the Asia-Pacific region and as a political 
        and military presence in other regions of the world, including 
        Central Asia, Southwest Asia, Europe, and Latin America.
            (3) Developments in Chinese military doctrine, focusing on 
        (but not limited to) efforts to exploit the emerging Revolution 
        in Military Affairs or to conduct preemptive strikes.
            (4) Efforts by the People's Republic of China to develop 
        long-range air-to-air or air defense missiles designed to 
        target special support aircraft such as Airborne Warning and 
        Control System (AWACS) aircraft, Joint Surveillance and Target 
        Attack Radar System (JSTARS) aircraft, or other command and 
        control, intelligence, airborne early warning, or electronic 
        warfare aircraft.
            (5) Efforts by the People's Republic of China to develop a 
        capability to conduct ``information warfare'' at the strategic, 
        operational, and tactical levels of war.
            (6) Efforts by the People's Republic of China to develop a 
        capability to establish control of space or to deny access and 
        use of military and commercial space systems in times of crisis 
        or war, including programs to place weapons in space or to 
        develop earth-based weapons capable of attacking space-based 
        systems.
            (7) Trends that would lead the People's Republic of China 
        toward the development of advanced intelligence, surveillance, 
        and reconnaissance capabilities, including gaining access to 
commercial or third-party systems with military significance.
            (8) Efforts by the People's Republic of China to develop 
        highly accurate and stealthy ballistic and cruise missiles, 
        including sea-launched cruise missiles, particularly in numbers 
        sufficient to conduct attacks capable of overwhelming projected 
        defense capabilities in the Asia-Pacific region.
            (9) Development by the People's Republic of China of 
        command and control networks, particularly those capable of 
        battle management of long-range precision strikes.
            (10) Programs of the People's Republic of China involving 
        unmanned aerial vehicles, particularly those with extended 
        ranges or loitering times or potential strike capabilities.
            (11) Exploitation by the People's Republic of China for 
        military purposes of the Global Positioning System or other 
        similar systems (including commercial land surveillance 
        satellites), with such analysis and forecasts focusing 
        particularly on those signs indicative of an attempt to 
        increase accuracy of weapons or situational awareness of 
        operating forces.
            (12) Development by the People's Republic of China of 
        capabilities for denial of sea control, including such systems 
        as advanced sea mines, improved submarine capabilities, or 
        land-based sea-denial systems.
            (13) Continued development by the People's Republic of 
        China of follow-on forces, particularly forces capable of rapid 
        air or amphibious assault.
    (c) Submission of Report.--The report shall be submitted to 
Congress not later than March 15, 1998.
SEC. 1204. TEMPORARY USE OF GENERAL PURPOSE VEHICLES AND NONLETHAL 
              MILITARY EQUIPMENT UNDER ACQUISITION AND CROSS SERVICING 
              AGREEMENTS.
    Section 2350(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking out ``other items'' in the second sentence and all that 
follows through ``United States Munitions List'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``other nonlethal items of military equipment which are not 
designated as significant military equipment on the United States 
Munitions List promulgated''.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS
SEC. 2001. SHORT TITLE.
    This division may be cited as the ``Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998''.
                            TITLE XXI--ARMY
SEC. 2101. AUTHORIZED ARMY CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS.
    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2104(a)(1), the 
Secretary of the Army may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the installations and locations inside the 
United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
                     Army: Inside the United States                     
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Installation or                    
             State                       Location             Amount    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona........................  Fort Huachuca..........     $20,000,000
California.....................  Fort Irwin.............     $11,150,000
                                 Naval Weapons Station,      $23,000,000
                                  Concord.                              
Colorado.......................  Fort Carson............     $47,300,000
Georgia........................  Fort Gordon............     $22,000,000
                                 Hunter Army Air Field,                 
                                  Fort Stewart..........     $54,000,000
Hawaii.........................  Schofield Barracks.....     $44,000,000
Indiana........................  Crane Army Ammunition        $7,700,000
                                  Activity.                             
Kansas.........................  Fort Leavenworth.......     $63,000,000
                                 Fort Riley.............     $25,800,000
Kentucky.......................  Fort Campbell..........     $43,700,000
                                 Fort Knox..............      $7,200,000
Missouri.......................  Fort Leonard Wood......      $3,200,000
New Jersey.....................  Fort Monmouth..........      $2,050,000
New Mexico.....................  White Sands Missile          $6,900,000
                                  Range.                                
New York.......................  Fort Drum..............     $24,400,000
North Carolina.................  Fort Bragg.............     $61,900,000
Oklahoma.......................  Fort Sill..............     $25,000,000
South Carolina.................  Fort Jackson...........      $5,400,000
                                 Naval Weapons Station,       $7,700,000
                                  Charleston.                           
Texas..........................  Fort Bliss.............      $7,700,000
                                 Fort Hood..............     $27,200,000
                                 Fort Sam Houston.......     $16,000,000
Virginia.......................  Fort A.P. Hill.........      $5,400,000
                                 Fort Myer..............      $8,200,000
                                 Fort Story.............      $2,050,000
Washington.....................  Fort Lewis.............     $33,000,000
CONUS Classified...............  Classified Location....      $6,500,000
                                                         ---------------
                                       Total............    $614,900,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2104(a)(2), the 
Secretary of the Army may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the locations outside the United States, and 
in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
                     Army: Outside the United States                    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Installation or                    
            Country                      Location             Amount    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Germany........................  Ansbach................     $22,000,000
                                 Heidelberg.............      $8,800,000
                                 Mannheim...............      $6,200,000
                                 Military Support Group,                
                                  Kaiserslautern........      $6,000,000
Korea..........................  Camp Casey.............      $5,100,000
                                 Camp Castle............      $8,400,000
                                 Camp Humphreys.........     $32,000,000
                                 Camp Red Cloud.........     $23,600,000
                                 Camp Stanley...........      $7,000,000
Overseas Classified............  Overseas Classified....     $37,000,000
                                                         ---------------
                                       Total............    $156,100,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEC. 2102. FAMILY HOUSING.
    (a) Construction and Acquisition.--Using amounts appropriated 
pursuant to authorization of appropriations in section 2104(a)(5)(A), 
the Secretary of the Army may construct or acquire family housing units 
(including land acquisition) at the installations, for the purposes, 
and in the amounts set forth in the following table:
                                              Army: Family Housing                                              
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                   Installation or Location             Purpose                 Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona...............................  Fort Huachuca............  55 Units.....................      $8,000,000
Hawaii................................  Schofield Barracks.......  132 Units....................     $26,600,000
Maryland..............................  Fort George Meade........  56 Units.....................      $7,900,000
New Jersey............................  Picatinny Arsenal........  35 Units.....................      $7,300,000
North Carolina........................  Fort Bragg...............  174 Units....................     $20,150,000
Texas.................................  Fort Bliss...............  91 Units.....................     $12,900,000
                                        Fort Hood................  130 Units....................     $18,800,000
                                                                                                 ---------------
                                                                         Total..................    $103,950,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Planning and Design.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant to 
the authorization of appropriations in section 2104(a)(5)(A), the 
Secretary of the Army may carry out architectural and engineering 
services and construction design activities with respect to the 
construction or improvement of family housing units in an amount not to 
exceed $9,550,000.
SEC. 2103. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS.
    Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, and using 
amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
sections 2104(a)(5)(A), the Secretary of the Army may improve existing 
military family housing units in an amount not to exceed $89,200,000.
SEC. 2104. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, ARMY.
    (a) In General.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1997, for military 
construction, land acquisition, and military family housing functions 
of the Department of the Army in the total amount of $2,055,364,000 as 
follows:
            (1) For military construction projects inside the United 
        States authorized by section 2101(a), $425,850,000.
            (2) For the military construction projects outside the 
        United States authorized by section 2101(b), $162,600,000.
            (3) For unspecified minor military construction projects 
        authorized by section 2805 of title 10, United States Code, 
        $6,000,000.
            (4) For architectural and engineering services and 
        construction design under section 2807 of title 10, United 
        States Code, $71,577,000.
            (5) For military family housing functions:
                    (A) For construction and acquisition, planning and 
                design and improvement of military family housing and 
                facilities, $200,400,000.
                    (B) For support of military family housing 
                (including the functions described in section 2833 of 
                title 10, United States Code), $1,148,937,000.
            (6) For the construction of the National Range Control 
        Center, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, authorized by 
        section 2101(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1997 (division B of Public Law 104-201; 110 
        Stat. 2763), $18,000,000.
            (7) For the construction of the whole barracks complex 
        renewal, Fort Knox, Kentucky, authorized by section 2101(a) of 
        the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        1997 (division B of Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2763), 
        $22,000,000.
    (b) Limitation on Total Cost of Construction Projects.--
Notwithstanding the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 
10, United States Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, 
the total cost of all projects carried out under section 2101 of this 
Act may not exceed--
            (1) the total amount authorized to be appropriated under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a);
            (2) $14,400,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under 
        section 2101(a) for the construction of the Force XXI Soldier 
        Development School at Fort Hood, Texas);
            (3) $24,000,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under 
        section 2101(a) for rail yard expansion at Fort Carson, 
        Colorado);
            (4) $43,000,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under 
        section 2101(a) for the construction of a disciplinary barracks 
        at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas);
            (5) $36,500,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under 
        section 2101(a) for the construction of a barracks at Hunter 
        Army Airfield, Fort Stewart, Georgia);
            (6) $44,200,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under 
        section 2101(a) for the construction of a barracks at Fort 
        Bragg, North Carolina); and
            (7) $17,000,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under 
        section 2101(a) for the construction of a barracks at Fort 
        Sill, Oklahoma).
SEC. 2105. CORRECTION IN AUTHORIZED USES OF FUNDS, FORT IRWIN, 
              CALIFORNIA.
    In the case of amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization 
of appropriations in section 2104(a)(1) of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (division B of Public Law 103-
337; 108 Stat. 3029) and section 2104(a)(1) of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (division B of 
Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 524) for a military construction project 
for Fort Irwin, California, involving the construction of an air field 
for the National Training Center at Barstow-Daggett, California, the 
Secretary of the Army may use such amounts for the construction of a 
heliport at the same location.
                            TITLE XXII--NAVY
SEC. 2201. AUTHORIZED NAVY CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS.
    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2204(a)(1), the 
Secretary of the Navy may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the installations and locations inside the 
United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
                     Navy: Inside the United States                     
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Installation or                    
             State                       Location             Amount    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona........................  Marine Corps Air                       
                                  Station, Yuma.........     $12,250,000
                                 Navy Detachment, Camp                  
                                  Navajo................     $11,426,000
California.....................  Marine Corps Air                       
                                  Station, Camp                         
                                  Pendleton.............     $24,150,000
                                 Marine Corps Air                       
                                  Station, Miramar......      $8,700,000
                                 Marine Corps Air-Ground                
                                  Combat Center,                        
                                  Twentynine Palms......      $3,810,000
                                 Marine Corps Base, Camp                
                                  Pendleton.............     $60,069,000
                                 Naval Air Facility, El                 
                                  Centro................     $11,000,000
                                 Naval Air Station,                     
                                  North Island..........     $19,600,000
                                 Naval Amphibious Base,                 
                                  Coronado..............     $10,100,000
                                 Naval Construction                     
                                  Battalion Center, Port                
                                  Hueneme...............      $3,200,000
Connecticut....................  Naval Submarine Base,                  
                                  New London............     $18,300,000
Florida........................  Naval Air Station,                     
                                  Jacksonville..........      $3,480,000
                                 Naval Air Station,           $1,300,000
                                  Whiting Field.                        
                                 Naval Station, Mayport.     $17,940,000
Hawaii.........................  Marine Corps Air                       
                                  Station, Kaneohe Bay..     $19,000,000
                                 Naval Communications                   
                                  and Telecommunications                
                                  Area Master Station                   
                                  Eastern Pacific,                      
                                  Honolulu..............      $3,900,000
                                 Naval Station, Pearl        $25,000,000
                                  Harbor.                               
Illinois.......................  Naval Training Center,                 
                                  Great Lakes...........     $41,220,000
Indiana........................  Naval Surface Warfare                  
                                  Center, Crane.........      $4,120,000
Maryland.......................  Naval Electronics                      
                                  System Command, St.                   
                                  Ingoes................      $2,610,000
Mississippi....................  Naval Air Station,                     
                                  Meridian..............      $7,050,000
North Carolina.................  Marine Corps Air                       
                                  Station, Cherry Point.      $8,800,000
                                 Marine Corps Air                       
                                  Station, New River....     $19,900,000
Rhode Island...................  Naval Undersea Warfare                 
                                  Center Division,                      
                                  Newport...............      $8,900,000
South Carolina.................  Marine Corps Air                       
                                  Station, Beaufort.....     $17,730,000
                                 Marine Corps Reserve                   
                                  Detachment Parris                     
                                  Island................      $3,200,000
Texas..........................  Naval Air Station,                     
                                  Corpus Christi........        $800,000
Virginia.......................  AEGIS Training Center,       $6,600,000
                                  Dahlgren.                             
                                 Fleet Combat Training                  
                                  Center, Dam Neck......      $7,000,000
                                 Naval Air Station,                     
                                  Norfolk...............     $18,240,000
                                 Naval Air Station,          $34,000,000
                                  Oceana.                               
                                 Naval Amphibious Base,                 
                                  Little Creek..........      $8,685,000
                                 Naval Shipyard,                        
                                  Norfolk, Portsmouth...     $29,410,000
                                 Naval Station, Norfolk.     $18,850,000
                                 Naval Surface Warfare                  
                                  Center, Dahlgren......     $13,880,000
                                 Naval Weapons Station,                 
                                  Yorktown..............     $14,547,000
Washington.....................  Naval Air Station,           $1,100,000
                                  Whidbey Island.                       
                                 Puget Sound Naval                      
                                  Shipyard, Bremerton...      $4,400,000
                                                         ---------------
                                       Total............    $524,267,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2204(a)(2), the 
Secretary of the Navy may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the installations and locations outside the 
United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
                     Navy: Outside the United States                    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Installation or                    
            Country                      Location             Amount    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bahrain........................  Administrative Support                 
                                  Unit, Bahrain.........     $30,100,000
Guam...........................  Naval Communications                   
                                  and Telecommunications                
                                  Area Master Station                   
                                  Western Pacific, Guam.      $4,050,000
Italy..........................  Naval Air Station,          $21,440,000
                                  Sigonella.                            
                                 Naval Support Activity,      $8,200,000
                                  Naples.                               
Puerto Rico....................  Naval Station,                 $500,000
                                  Roosevelt Roads.                      
United Kingdom.................  Joint Maritime                         
                                  Communications Center,                
                                  St. Mawgan............      $2,330,000
                                                         ---------------
                                       Total............     $66,620,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEC. 2202. FAMILY HOUSING.
    (a) Construction and Acquisition.--Using amounts appropriated 
pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 
2204(a)(5)(A), the Secretary of the Navy may construct or acquire 
family housing units (including land acquisition) at the installations, 
for the purposes, and in the amounts set forth in the following table:
                                              Navy: Family Housing                                              
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                   Installation or Location             Purpose                 Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California............................  Marine Corps Air Station,                                               
                                         Miramar.................  166 Units....................     $28,881,000
                                        Marine Corps Air-Ground                                                 
                                         Combat Center,                                                         
                                         Twentynine Palms........  132 Units....................     $23,891,000
                                        Marine Corps Base, Camp                                                 
                                         Pendleton...............  171 Units....................     $22,518,000
                                        Naval Air Station,                                                      
                                         Lemoore.................  128 Units....................     $23,226,000
                                        Naval Complex, San Diego.  94 Units.....................     $13,500,000
Hawaii................................  Naval Complex, Pearl                                                    
                                         Harbor..................  84 Units.....................     $17,900,000
Louisiana.............................  Naval Complex, New                                                      
                                         Orleans.................  100 Units....................     $11,930,000
Texas.................................  Naval Complex, Kingsville                                               
                                         and Corpus Christi......  212 Units....................     $22,250,000
Washington............................  Naval Complex, Bangor....  118 Units....................     $15,700,000
                                                                                                 ---------------
                                                                         Total..................    $179,796,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Planning and Design.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant to 
the authorization of appropriation in section 2204(a)(5)(A), the 
Secretary of the Navy may carry out architectural and engineering 
services and construction design activities with respect to the 
construction or improvement of military family housing units in an 
amount not to exceed $15,100,000.
SEC. 2203. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS.
    Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, and using 
amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
section 2204(a)(5)(A), the Secretary of the Navy may improve existing 
military family housing units in an amount not to exceed $214,282,000.
SEC. 2204. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, NAVY.
    (a) In General.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1997, for military 
construction, land acquisition, and military family housing functions 
of the Department of the Navy in the total amount of $2,053,025,000 as 
follows:
            (1) For military construction projects inside the United 
        States authorized by section 2201(a), $524,267,000.
            (2) For military construction projects outside the United 
        States authorized by section 2201(b), $66,120,000.
            (3) For unspecified minor construction projects authorized 
        by section 2805 of title 10, United States Code, $9,960,000.
            (4) For architectural and engineering services and 
        construction design under section 2807 of title 10, United 
        States Code, $46,659,000.
            (5) For military family housing functions:
                    (A) For construction and acquisition, planning and 
                design and improvement of military family housing and 
                facilities, $409,178,000.
                    (B) For support of military housing (including 
                functions described in section 2833 of title 10, United 
                States Code), $976,504,000.
            (6) For construction of bachelor enlisted quarters at Naval 
        Hospital, Great Lakes, Illinois, authorized by section 2201(a) 
        of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        1997 (division B of Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2766), 
        $5,200,000.
            (7) For construction of bachelor enlisted quarters at Naval 
        Station, Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, authorized by section 
        2201(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 1997 (division B of Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 
        2767), $14,600,000.
            (8) For construction of a large anecohic chamber facility 
        at Patuxent River Naval Air Warfare Center, Maryland, 
        authorized by section 2201(a) of the Military Construction 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (division B of Public 
        Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2590), $9,000,000.
    (b) Limitation on Total Cost of Construction Projects.--
Notwithstanding the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 
10, United States Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, 
the total cost of all projects carried out under section 2201 of this 
Act may not exceed the total amount authorized to be appropriated under 
paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
    (c) Adjustment.--The total amount authorized to be appropriated 
pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (8) of subsection (a) is the sum of 
the amounts authorized to be appropriated in such paragraphs, reduced 
by $8,463,000, which represents the combination of project savings 
resulting from favorable bids, reduced overhead costs, and 
cancellations due to force structure changes.
SEC. 2205. AUTHORIZATION OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROJECT AT NAVAL AIR 
              STATION, PASCAGOULA, MISSISSIPPI, FOR WHICH FUNDS HAVE 
              BEEN APPROPRIATED.
    (a) Authorization.--The table in section 2201(a) of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (division B of 
Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2766) is amended--
            (1) by striking out the amount identified as the total and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``$594,982,000''; and
            (2) by inserting after the item relating to Stennis Space 
        Center, Mississippi, the following new item:
------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Naval Air Station,           $4,990,000
                                  Pascagoula.                           
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 2204(a) of such Act (110 Stat. 
2769) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding the paragraphs, by striking out 
        ``$2,213,731,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``$2,218,721,000''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``$579,312,000'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``$584,302,000''.
                         TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE
SEC. 2301. AUTHORIZED AIR FORCE CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION 
              PROJECTS.
    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2304(a)(1), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may acquire real property and carry out 
military construction projects for the installations and locations 
inside the United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the 
following table:
                   Air Force: Inside the United States                  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Installation or                    
             State                       Location             Amount    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama........................  Maxwell Air Force Base.     $14,874,000
Alaska.........................  Clear Air Station......     $67,069,000
                                 Eielson Air Force Base.      $7,764,000
                                 Indian Mountain........      $1,991,000
Arizona........................  Luke Air Force Base....     $10,000,000
Arkansas.......................  Little Rock Air Force        $3,400,000
                                  Base.                                 
California.....................  Edwards Air Force Base.      $2,887,000
                                 Vandenberg Air Force        $26,876,000
                                  Base.                                 
Colorado.......................  Buckley Air National         $6,718,000
                                  Guard Base.                           
                                 Falcon Air Force            $10,551,000
                                  Station.                              
                                 Peterson Air Force Base      $4,081,000
                                 United States Air Force     $15,229,000
                                  Academy.                              
Florida........................  Eglin Auxiliary Field 9      $6,470,000
                                 MacDill Air Force Base.      $1,543,000
Georgia........................  Moody Air Force Base...      $9,100,000
                                 Robins Air Force Base..     $27,763,000
Idaho..........................  Mountain Home Air Force     $17,719,000
                                  Base.                                 
Kansas.........................  McConnell Air Force         $11,669,000
                                  Base.                                 
Louisiana......................  Barksdale Air Force         $19,410,000
                                  Base.                                 
Mississippi....................  Keesler Air Force Base.     $30,855,000
Missouri.......................  Whiteman Air Force Base     $40,419,000
Nevada.........................  Nellis Air Force Base..      $1,950,000
New Jersey.....................  McGuire Air Force Base.     $18,754,000
North Carolina.................  Pope Air Force Base....     $20,656,000
North Dakota...................  Grand Forks Air Force        $8,560,000
                                  Base.                                 
                                 Minot Air Force Base...      $5,200,000
Ohio...........................  Wright-Patterson Air        $19,350,000
                                  Force Base.                           
Oklahoma.......................  Tinker Air Force Base..      $9,655,000
                                 Vance Air Force Base...      $6,700,000
South Carolina.................  Shaw Air Force Base....      $6,072,000
South Dakota...................  Ellsworth Air Force          $6,600,000
                                  Base.                                 
Tennessee......................  Arnold Air Force Base..     $20,650,000
Texas..........................  Dyess Air Force Base...     $10,000,000
                                 Laughlin Air Force Base       4,800,000
                                 Randolph Air Force Base      $2,488,000
Utah...........................  Hill Air Force Base....      $6,470,000
Virginia.......................  Langley Air Force Base.      $4,031,000
Washington.....................  Fairchild Air Force          $7,366,000
                                  Base.                                 
                                 McChord Air Force Base.      $9,655,000
CONUS Classified...............  Classified Location....      $6,175,000
                                                         ---------------
                                       Total............    $511,520,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2304(a)(2), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may acquire real property and carry out 
military construction projects for the installations and locations 
outside the United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the 
following table:
                  Air Force: Outside the United States                  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Installation or                    
            Country                      Location             Amount    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Germany........................  Spangdahlem Air Base...     $18,500,000
Italy..........................  Aviano Air Base........     $15,220,000
Korea..........................  Kunsan Air Base........     $10,325,000
                                 Osan Air Base..........     $11,100,000
Portugal.......................  Lajes Field, Azores....      $4,800,000
United Kingdom.................  Royal Air Force,            $11,400,000
                                  Lakenheath.                           
Overseas Classified............  Classified Location....     $31,100,000
                                                         ---------------
                                       Total............    $102,445,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEC. 2302. FAMILY HOUSING.
    (a) Construction and Acquisition.--Using amounts appropriated 
pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 
2304(a)(5)(A), the Secretary of the Air Force may construct or acquire 
family housing units (including land acquisition) at the installations, 
for the purposes, and in the amounts set forth in the following table:
                                            Air Force: Family Housing                                           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                   Installation or Location             Purpose                 Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona...............................  Davis-Monthan Air Force                                                 
                                         Base....................  70 Units.....................      $9,800,000
California............................  Edwards Air Force Base...  95 Units.....................     $16,800,000
                                        Travis Air Force Base....  70 Units.....................      $9,714,000
                                        Vandenberg Air Force Base  108 Units....................     $17,100,000
Delaware..............................  Dover Air Force Base.....  Ancillary Facility...........        $831,000
District of Columbia..................  Bolling Air Force Base...  46 Units.....................      $5,100,000
Florida...............................  MacDill Air Force Base...  58 Units.....................     $10,000,000
                                        Tyndall Air Force Base...  32 Units.....................      $4,200,000
Georgia...............................  Robins Air Force Base....  60 Units.....................      $6,800,000
Idaho.................................  Mountain Home Air Force                                                 
                                         Base....................  60 Units.....................     $11,032,000
Kansas................................  McConnell Air Force Base.  19 Units.....................      $2,951,000
                                        McConnell Air Force Base.  Ancillary Facility...........        $581,000
Mississippi...........................  Columbus Air Force Base..  50 Units.....................      $6,200,000
                                        Keesler Air Force Base...  40 Units.....................      $5,000,000
Montana...............................  Malmstrom Air Force Base.  28 Units.....................      $4,842,000
New Mexico............................  Kirtland Air Force Base..  180 Units....................     $20,900,000
North Dakota..........................  Grand Forks Air Force                                                   
                                         Base....................  42 Units.....................      $7,936,000
Texas.................................  Dyess Air Force Base.....  70 Units.....................     $10,503,000
                                        Goodfellow Air Force Base  3 Units......................        $500,000
                                        Lackland Air Force Base..  50 Units.....................      $7,400,000
                                        Sheppard Air Force Base..  40 Units.....................      $7,400,000
Wyoming...............................  F. E. Warren Air Force                                                  
                                         Base....................  52 Units.....................      $6,853,000
                                                                                                 ---------------
                                                                         Total..................    $172,443,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Planning and Design.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant to 
the authorization of appropriations in section 2304(a)(5)(A), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may carry out architectural and engineering 
services and construction design activities with respect to the 
construction or improvement of military family housing units in an 
amount not to exceed $11,971,000.
SEC. 2303. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS.
    Subject to section 2835 of title 10, United States Code, and using 
amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in 
section 2304(a)(5)(A), the Secretary of the Air Force may improve 
existing military family housing units in an amount not to exceed 
$156,995,000.
SEC. 2304. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, AIR FORCE.
    (a) In General.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1997, for military 
construction, land acquisition, and military family housing functions 
of the Department of the Air Force in the total amount of 
$1,810,090,000 as follows:
            (1) For military construction projects inside the United 
        States authorized by section 2301(a), $505,435,000.
            (2) For military construction projects outside the United 
        States authorized by section 2301(b), $102,445,000.
            (3) For unspecified minor construction projects authorized 
        by section 2805 of title 10, United States Code, $8,545,000.
            (4) For architectural and engineering services and 
        construction design under section 2807 of title 10, United 
        States Code, $45,880,000.
            (5) For military housing functions:
                    (A) For construction and acquisition, planning and 
                design and improvement of military family housing and 
                facilities, $341,409,000.
                    (B) For support of military family housing 
                (including the functions described in section 2833 of 
                title 10, United States Code), $830,234,000.
    (b) Limitation on Total Cost of Construction Projects.--
Notwithstanding the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 
10, United States Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, 
the total cost of all projects carried out under section 2301 of this 
Act may not exceed--
            (1) the total amount authorized to be appropriated under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a); and
            (2) $11,000,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under 
        section 2301(a) for the construction of a B-2 low observability 
        restoration facility at Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri).
    (c) Adjustment.--The total amount authorized to be appropriated 
pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (a) is the sum of 
the amounts authorized to be appropriated in such paragraphs, reduced 
by $23,858,000, which represents the combination of project savings 
resulting from favorable bids, reduced overhead costs, and 
cancellations due to force structure changes.
SEC. 2305. AUTHORIZATION OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROJECT AT MCCONNELL 
              AIR FORCE BASE, KANSAS, FOR WHICH FUNDS HAVE BEEN 
              APPROPRIATED.
    (a) Authorization.--The table in section 2301(a) of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (division B of 
Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2771) is amended in the item relating to 
McConnell Air Force Base, Kansas, by striking out ``$19,130,000'' in 
the amount column and inserting in lieu thereof ``$25,830,000''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 2304 of such Act (110 Stat. 
2774) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding the paragraph, by striking out 
        ``$1,894,594,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``$1,901,294,000'' and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``$603,834,000'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``$610,534,000''.
                      TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES
SEC. 2401. AUTHORIZED DEFENSE AGENCIES CONSTRUCTION AND LAND 
              ACQUISITION PROJECTS.
    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2405(a)(1), the 
Secretary of Defense may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the installations and locations inside the 
United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
               Defense Agencies: Inside the United States.              
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Installation or                    
             Agency                      Location             Amount    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Defense Commissary Agency......  Fort Lee, Virginia.....      $9,300,000
Defense Finance and Accounting                                          
 Service.......................  Columbus Center, Ohio..      $9,722,000
                                 Naval Air Station,                     
                                  Millington, Tennessee.      $6,906,000
                                 Naval Station, Norfolk,                
                                  Virginia..............     $12,800,000
                                 Naval Station, Pearl                   
                                  Harbor, Hawaii........     $10,000,000
Defense Intelligence Agency....  Bolling Air Force Base,                
                                  District of Columbia..      $7,000,000
                                 Redstone Arsenal,           $32,700,000
                                  Alabama.                              
Defense Logistics Agency.......  Defense Distribution                   
                                  Depot--DDNV, Virginia.     $16,656,000
                                 Defense Distribution                   
                                  New Cumberland--DDSP,                 
                                  Pennsylvania..........     $15,500,000
                                 Defense Fuel Support                   
                                  Point, Craney Island,                 
                                  Virginia..............     $22,100,000
                                 Defense General Supply                 
                                  Center, Richmond                      
                                  (DLA), Virginia.......      $5,200,000
                                 Elmendorf Air Force                    
                                  Base, Alaska..........     $21,700,000
                                 Naval Air Station,                     
                                  Jacksonville, Florida.      $9,800,000
                                 Truax Field, Wisconsin.      $4,500,000
                                 Westover Air Reserve                   
                                  Base, Massachusetts...      $4,700,000
                                 CONUS Various, CONUS                   
                                  Various...............     $11,275,000
Defense Medical Facilities                                              
 Office........................  Fort Campbell, Kentucky     $13,600,000
                                 Fort Detrick, Maryland.      $5,300,000
                                 Fort Lewis, Washington.      $5,000,000
                                 Hill Air Force Base,         $3,100,000
                                  Utah.                                 
                                 Holloman Air Force                     
                                  Base, New Mexico......      $3,000,000
                                 Lackland Air Force                     
                                  Base, Texas...........      $3,000,000
                                 Marine Corps Combat Dev                
                                  Com, Quantico,                        
                                  Virginia..............     $19,000,000
                                 McGuire Air Force Base,                
                                  New Jersey............     $35,217,000
                                 Naval Air Station,                     
                                  Pensacola, Florida....      $2,750,000
                                 Naval Station, Everett,                
                                  Washington............      $7,500,000
                                 Naval Station, San                     
                                  Diego, California.....      $2,100,000
                                 Naval Submarine Base,                  
                                  New London,                           
                                  Connecticut...........      $2,300,000
                                 Robins Air Force Base,                 
                                  Georgia...............     $19,000,000
                                 Tinker Air Force Base,                 
                                  Oklahoma..............      $6,500,000
                                 Wright-Patterson Air                   
                                  Force Base, Ohio......      $2,750,000
National Security Agency.......  Fort Meade, Maryland...     $29,800,000
Special Operations Command.....  Eglin Auxiliary Field        $6,100,000
                                  3, Florida.                           
                                 Fort Benning, Georgia..     $12,314,000
                                 Fort Bragg, North            $1,500,000
                                  Carolina.                             
                                 Hurlburt Field, Florida      $2,450,000
                                 Naval Amphibious Base,                 
                                  Coronado, California..      $7,400,000
                                                         ---------------
                                       Total............    $389,440,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (b) Outside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2405(a)(2), the 
Secretary of Defense may acquire real property and carry out military 
construction projects for the installations and locations outside the 
United States, and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:
              Defense Agencies: Outside the United States.              
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Installation or                    
             Agency                      Location             Amount    
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ballistic Missile Defense        Pacific Missile Range,                 
 Organization.                    Kwajalein Atoll.......      $4,565,000
Defense Logistics Agency.......  Defense Fuel Support                   
                                  Point, Guam...........     $16,000,000
                                 Moron Air Base, Spain..     $14,400,000
Defense Medical Facilities                                              
 Office........................  Andersen Air Force                     
                                  Base, Guam............      $3,700,000
                                                         ---------------
                                     Total..............     $38,665,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEC. 2402. MILITARY HOUSING PLANNING AND DESIGN.
    Using amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
appropriations in section 2405(a)(13)(A), the Secretary of Defense may 
carry out architectural and engineering services and construction 
design activities with respect to the construction or improvement of 
military family housing units in an amount not to exceed $50,000.
SEC. 2403. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS.
    Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, and using 
amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriation in 
section 2405(a)(12)(A), the Secretary of Defense may improve existing 
military family housing units in an amount not to exceed $4,900,000.
SEC. 2404. ENERGY CONSERVATION PROJECTS.
    Using amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
appropriations in section 2405(a)(10), the Secretary of Defense may 
carry out energy conservation projects under section 2865 of title 10, 
United States Code.
SEC. 2405. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, DEFENSE AGENCIES.
    (a) In General.--Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1997, for military 
construction, land acquisition, and military family housing functions 
of the Department of Defense (other than the military departments), in 
the total amount of $2,711,761,000 as follows:
            (1) For military construction projects inside the United 
        States authorized by section 2401(a), $382,390,000
            (2) For military construction projects outside the United 
        States authorized by section 2401(a), $34,965,000.
            (3) For military construction projects at Anniston Army 
        Depot, Alabama, ammunition demilitarization facility, 
        authorized by section 2101(a) of the Military Construction 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (division B of the 
        Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2587), which was originally 
        authorized as an Army construction project, but which became a 
        Defense Agencies construction project by reason of the 
        amendments made by section 142 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 108 
        Stat. 2689), $9,900,000.
            (4) For military construction projects at Walter Reed Army 
        Institute of Research, Maryland, hospital replacement, 
        authorized by section 2401(a) of the Military Construction 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (division B of Public 
        Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2599), $20,000,000.
            (5) For military construction projects at Umatilla Army 
        Depot, Oregon, authorized by section 2401(a) of the Military 
        Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (division B 
        of the Public Law 103-337; 108 Stat. 3040), as amended by 
        section 2407 of the Military Construction Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 1996 (110 Stat. 539) and section 2407(2) of this 
        Act, $57,427,000.
            (6) For military construction projects at Defense Finance 
        and Accounting Service, Columbus, Ohio, authorized by section 
        2401(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act of 
        Fiscal Year 1996 (division B of Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 
        535), $14,200,000.
            (7) For contingency construction projects of the Secretary 
        of Defense under section 2804 of title 10, United States Code, 
        $9,844,000.
            (8) For unspecified minor construction projects under 
        section 2805 of title 10, United States Code, $25,257,000.
            (9) For architectural and engineering services and 
        construction design under section 2807 of title 10, United 
        States Code, $34,350,000.
            (10) For Energy Conservation projects authorized by section 
        2403, $25,000,000.
            (11) For base closure and realignment activities as 
        authorized by the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 
        1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 
        2687 note), $2,060,854,000.
            (12) For military family housing functions:
                    (A) For improvement and planning of military family 
                housing and facilities, $4,950,000.
                    (B) For support of military housing (including 
                functions described in section 2833 of title 10, United 
                States Code), $32,724,000 of which not more than 
                $27,673,000 may be obligated or expended for the 
                leasing of military family housing units worldwide.
    (b) Limitation of Total Cost of Construction Projects.--
Notwithstanding the cost variation authorized by section 2853 of title 
10, United States Code, and any other cost variations authorized by 
law, the total cost of all projects carried out under section 2401 of 
this Act may not exceed the total amount authorized to be appropriated 
under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
SEC. 2406. CORRECTION IN AUTHORIZED USES OF FUNDS, MCCLELLAN AIR FORCE 
              BASE, CALIFORNIA.
    In the case of amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization 
of appropriations in section 2405(a)(1) of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (division B of Public Law 103-
337; 108 Stat. 3041) for a military construction project involving the 
upgrade of the hospital facility at McClellan Air Force Base, 
California, the Secretary of Defense may use such amounts for the 
following medical construction projects authorized by section 2401 of 
this Act:
            (1) The Aeromedical Clinic Addition at Andersen Air Base, 
        Guam, in the amount of $3,700,000.
            (2) The Occupational Health Clinic Facility at Tinker Air 
        Force Base, Oklahoma, in the amount of $6,500,000.
SEC. 2407. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT FISCAL YEAR 1995 
              PROJECTS.
    The table in section 2401 of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (division B of Public Law 103-
337; 108 Stat. 3040), as amended by section 2407 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (division B of 
Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 539), under the agency heading relating 
to Chemical Weapons and Munitions Destruction, is further amended--
            (1) in the item relating to Pine Bluff Arsenal, Arkansas, 
        by striking out ``$115,000,000'' in the amount column and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``$134,000,000''; and
            (2) in the item relating to Umatilla Army Depot, Oregon, by 
        striking out ``$186,000,000'' in the amount column and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``$187,000,000''.
   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                PROGRAM
SEC. 2501. AUTHORIZED NATO CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS.
    The Secretary of Defense may make contributions for the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment program as provided in 
section 2806 of title 10, United States Code, in an amount not to 
exceed the sum of the amount authorized to be appropriated for this 
purpose in section 2502 and the amount collected from the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization as a result of construction previously 
financed by the United States.
SEC. 2502. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, NATO.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years 
beginning after September 30, 1997, for contributions by the Secretary 
of Defense under section 2806 of title 10, United States Code, for the 
share of the United States of the cost of projects for the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment program authorized by 
section 2501, in the amount of $166,300,000.
            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES
SEC. 2601. AUTHORIZED GUARD AND RESERVE CONSTRUCTION AND LAND 
              ACQUISITION PROJECTS.
    (a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
years beginning after September 30, 1997, for the costs of acquisition, 
architectural and engineering services, and construction of facilities 
for the Guard and Reserve Forces, and for contributions therefor, under 
chapter 1803 of title 10, United States Code (including the cost of 
acquisition of land for those facilities), the following amounts:
            (1) For the Department of the Army--
                    (A) for the Army National Guard of the United 
                States, $45,098,000; and
                    (B) for the Army Reserve, $69,831,000.
            (2) For the Department of the Navy, for the Naval and 
        Marine Corps Reserve, $40,561,000.
            (3) For the Department of the Air Force--
                    (A) for the Air National Guard of the United 
                States, $137,275,000; and
                    (B) for the Air Force Reserve, $34,443,000.
    (b) Adjustment.--The amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant 
to subsection (a)(1)(B) is reduced by $7,900,000, which represents the 
combination of project savings resulting from favorable bids, reduced 
overhead costs, and cancellations due to force structure changes.
SEC. 2602. AUTHORIZATION OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FOR WHICH 
              FUNDS HAVE BEEN APPROPRIATED.
    (a) Army National Guard, Hilo, Hawaii.--Paragraph (1)(A) of section 
2601 of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1997 (division B of Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2780) is amended by 
striking out ``$59,194,000'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``$65,094,000'' to account for a project involving additions and 
alterations to an Army aviation support facility in Hilo, Hawaii.
    (b) Naval and Marine Corps Reserve, New Orleans.--Paragraph (2) of 
such section is amended by striking out ``$32,779,000'' and inserting 
in lieu thereof ``$37,579,000'' to account for a project for the 
construction of bachelor enlisted quarters at Naval Air Station, New 
Orleans, Louisiana.
SEC. 2603. ARMY RESERVE CONSTRUCTION PROJECT, SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH.
    With regard to the military construction project for the Army 
Reserve concerning construction of a reserve center and organizational 
maintenance shop in Salt Lake City, Utah, to be carried out using funds 
appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations in section 
2601(1)(B), the Secretary of the Army may enter into an agreement with 
the State of Utah under which the State agrees to provide financial or 
in-kind contributions toward land acquisition, site preparation, 
environmental assessment and remediation, relocation, and other costs 
in connection with the project.
        TITLE XXVII--EXPIRATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS
SEC. 2701. EXPIRATION OF AUTHORIZATIONS AND AMOUNTS REQUIRED TO BE 
              SPECIFIED BY LAW.
    (a) Expiration of Authorizations After Three Years.--Except as 
provided in subsection (b), all authorizations contained in titles XXI 
through XXVI for military construction projects, land acquisition, 
family housing projects and facilities, and contributions to the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment program (and 
authorizations of appropriations therefor) shall expire on the later 
of--
            (1) October 1, 2000; or
            (2) the date for the enactment of an Act authorizing funds 
        for military construction for fiscal year 2001.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to authorizations 
for military construction projects, land acquisition, family housing 
projects and facilities, and contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization Security Investment program (and authorizations of 
appropriations therefor), for which appropriated funds have been 
obligated before the later of--
            (1) October 1, 2000; or
            (2) the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds 
        for fiscal year 2001 for military construction projects, land 
        acquisition, family housing projects and facilities, or 
        contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
        Security Investment program.
SEC. 2702. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1995 
              PROJECTS.
    (a) Extension.--Notwithstanding section 2701 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (division B of 
Public Law 103-337, 108 Stat. 3046), authorizations for the projects 
set forth in the tables in subsection (b), as provided in section 2101, 
2201, 2202, 2301, 2302, 2401, or 2601 of that Act, shall remain in 
effect until October 1, 1998, or the date of the enactment of an Act 
authorizing funds for military construction for fiscal year 1999, 
whichever is later.
    (b) Tables.--The tables referred to in subsection (a) are as 
follows:
                                  Army: Extension of 1995 Project Authorization                                 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                   Installation or Location             Project                 Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California............................  Fort Irwin...............  National Training Center                     
                                                                    Airfield Phase I............     $10,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Navy: Extension of 1995 Project Authorizations                                 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                   Installation or Location             Project                 Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Maryland..............................  Indian Head Naval Surface                                               
                                         Warfare Center..........  Upgrade Power Plant..........      $4,000,000
                                        Indian Head Naval Surface                                               
                                         Warfare Center..........  Denitrification/Acid Mixing                  
                                                                    Facility....................      $6,400,000
Virginia..............................  Norfolk Marine Corps                                                    
                                         Security Force Battalion                                               
                                         Atlantic................  Bachelor Enlisted Quarters...      $6,480,000
Washington............................  Naval Station Puget                                                     
                                         Sound, Everett..........  New Construction (Housing                    
                                                                    Office).....................        $780,000
Conus Classified......................  Classified Location......  Aircraft Fire/Rescue &                       
                                                                    Vehicle Maintenance Facility      $2,200,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               Air Force: Extension of 1995 Project Authorizations                              
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                   Installation or Location             Project                 Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California............................  Beale Air Force Base.....  Consolidated Support Center..     $10,400,000
                                        Los Angeles Air Force                                                   
                                         Station.................  Family Housing (50 Units)....      $8,962,000
North Carolina........................  Pope Air Force Base......  Combat Control Team Facility.      $2,400,000
                                        Pope Air Force Base......  Fire Training Center.........      $1,100,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Defense Agencies: Extension of 1995 Project Authorizations                           
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                   Installation or Location             Project                 Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama...............................  Anniston Army Depot......  Carbon Filtration System.....      $5,000,000
Arkansas..............................  Pine Bluff Arsenal.......  Ammunition Demilitarization                  
                                                                    Facility....................    $115,000,000
California............................  Defense Contract                                                        
                                         Management Office, El                                                  
                                         Segundo.................  Administrative Facility......      $5,100,000
Oregon................................  Umatilla Army Depot......  Ammunition Demilitarization                  
                                                                    Facility....................    $186,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Army National Guard: Extension of 1995 Project Authorization                          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                    Installation or Location             Project               Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California..............................  Camp Roberts..............  Combat Pistol Range.......        $952,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Naval Reserve: Extension of 1995 Project Authorization                             
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                   Installation or Location             Project                 Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Georgia...............................  Naval Air Station                                                       
                                         Marietta................  Training Center..............      $2,650,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEC. 2703. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1994 
              PROJECTS.
    (a) Extension.--Notwithstanding section 2701 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (division B of 
Public Law 103-160, 107 Stat. 1880), authorizations for the projects 
set forth in the table in subsection (b), as provided in section 2201 
of that Act and extended by section 2702 of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (division B of Public Law 104-
201; 110 Stat. 2783), shall remain in effect until October 1, 1998, or 
the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military 
construction for fiscal year 1999, whichever is later.
    (b) Table.--The table referred to in subsection (a) is as follows:
                                 Navy: Extension of 1994 Project Authorizations                                 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 State                   Installation or Location             Project                 Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California............................  Camp Pendleton Marine                                                   
                                         Corps Base..............  Sewage Facility..............      $7,930,000
Connecticut...........................  New London Naval                                                        
                                         Submarine Base..........  Hazardous Waste Facility.....      $1,450,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEC. 2704. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1993 
              PROJECTS.
    (a) Extension.--Notwithstanding section 2701 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (division B of 
Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2602), the authorizations for the 
projects set forth in the tables in subsection (b), as provided in 
section 2101 or 2601 of that Act and extended by section 2702 of the 
Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (division 
B of Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 541) and section 2703 of the 
Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (division 
B of Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2784), shall remain in effect until 
October 1, 1998, or the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing 
funds for military construction for fiscal year 1999, whichever is 
later.
    (b) Tables.--The tables referred to in subsection (a) are as 
follows:
                                  Army: Extension of 1993 Project Authorization                                 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                    Installation or location             Project               Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arkansas................................  Pine Bluff Arsenal........  Ammunition                                
                                                                       Demilitarization Support                 
                                                                       Facility.................     $15,000,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Army National Guard: Extension of 1993 Project Authorization                          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                    Installation or Location             Project               Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama.................................  Union Springs.............  Armory....................        $813,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEC. 2705. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATIONS OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1992 
              PROJECTS.
    (a) Extension.--Notwithstanding section 2701 of the Military 
Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1992 (division B of 
Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 1535), authorizations for the projects 
set forth in the table in subsection (b), as provided in section 2101 
of that Act and extended by section 2702 of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (division B of Public Law 103-
337; 108 Stat. 3047), section 2703 of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (division B of Public Law 104-
106; 110 Stat. 543), and section 2704 of the Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (division B of Public Law 104-
201; 110 Stat. 2784), shall remain in effect until October 1, 1998, or 
the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military 
construction for fiscal year 1999, whichever is later.
    (b) Table.--The table referred to in subsection (a) is as follows:
                                 Army: Extension of 1992 Project Authorizations                                 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  State                    Installation or location             Project               Amount    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Oregon..................................  Umatilla Army Depot.......  Ammunition                                
                                                                       Demilitarization Support                 
                                                                       Facility.................      $3,600,000
                                          Umatilla Army Depot.......  Ammunition                                
                                                                       Demilitarization                         
                                                                       Utilities................      $7,500,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SEC. 2706. EXTENSION OF AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF OVER-
              THE-HORIZON RADAR IN PUERTO RICO.
    Amounts appropriated under the heading ``Drug Interdiction and 
Counter-Drug Activities, Defense'' in the Department of Defense 
Appropriations Act, 1995 (Public Law 103-335; 108 Stat. 2615), and 
transferred to the ``Military Construction, Navy'' appropriation for 
construction of a Relocatable Over-the-Horizon Radar at Naval Station 
Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, shall remain available for obligation 
until October 1, 1998, or the date of the enactment of an Act 
authorizing funds for military construction for fiscal year 1999, 
whichever is later.
SEC. 2707. EFFECTIVE DATE.
    Titles XXI, XXII, XXIII, XXIV, XXV, and XXVI shall take effect on 
the later of--
            (1) October 1, 1997; or
            (2) the date of the enactment of this Act.
                    TITLE XXVIII--GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                Changes
SEC. 2801. USE OF MOBILITY ENHANCEMENT FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED MINOR 
              CONSTRUCTION.
    (a) Congressional Notification.--Subsection (b)(2) of section 2805 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``This paragraph shall apply even though the 
project is to be carried out using funds made available to enhance the 
deployment and mobility of military forces and supplies.''.
    (b) Restriction on Use of Operation and Maintenance Funds.--
Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``paragraph (2)'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``paragraphs (2) and (3)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The limitations specified in paragraph (1) shall not apply if 
the unspecified minor military construction project is to be carried 
out using funds made available to enhance the deployment and mobility 
of military forces and supplies.''.
    (c) Technical Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking out ``minor military construction 
                projects'' in the first sentence and inserting in lieu 
                thereof ``unspecified minor military construction 
                projects'';
                    (B) by striking out ``A minor'' in the second 
                sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``An unspecified 
                minor''; and
                    (C) by striking out ``a minor'' in the last 
                sentence and inserting in lieu thereof ``an unspecified 
                minor'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking out ``A minor'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``An unspecified minor'';
            (3) in subsection (b)(2), by striking out ``a minor'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``an unspecified minor''; and
            (4) in subsection (c), by striking out ``unspecified 
        military'' each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``unspecified minor military''.
SEC. 2802. LIMITATION ON USE OF OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE FUNDS FOR 
              FACILITY REPAIR PROJECTS.
    Section 2811 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(d) Congressional Notification.--When a decision is made to carry 
out a repair project under this section with an estimated cost in 
excess of $10,000,000, the Secretary concerned shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report containing--
            ``(1) the justification for the repair project and the 
        current estimate of the cost of the project; and
            ``(2) the justification for carrying out the project under 
        this section.
    ``(e) Repair Project Defined.--In this section, the term `repair 
project' means a project to restore a real property facility, system, 
or component to such a condition that it may effectively be used for 
its designated functional purpose.''.
SEC. 2803. LEASING OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING, UNITED STATES SOUTHERN 
              COMMAND, MIAMI, FLORIDA.
    (a) Leases to Exceed Maximum Rental.--Section 2828(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``paragraph (3)'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``paragraphs (3) and (4)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(4) The Secretary of the Army may lease not more than eight 
housing units in the vicinity of Miami, Florida, for key and essential 
personnel, as designated by the Secretary, for the United States 
Southern Command for which the expenditure for the rental of such units 
(including the cost of utilities, maintenance, and operation, including 
security enhancements) exceeds the expenditure limitations in 
paragraphs (2) and (3). The total amount for all leases under this 
paragraph may not exceed $280,000 per year, and no lease on any 
individual housing unit may exceed $60,000 per year.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Paragraph (5) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (a)(2), is amended by striking out 
``paragraphs (2) and (3)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``paragraphs 
(2), (3), and (4)''.
SEC. 2804. USE OF FINANCIAL INCENTIVES PROVIDED AS PART OF ENERGY 
              SAVINGS AND WATER CONSERVATION ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Energy Savings.--Section 2865 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1), by striking out ``and financial 
        incentives described in subsection (d)(2)'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following new sentence: ``Financial incentives received under 
        this paragraph or section 2866(a)(2) of this title shall be 
        credited to an appropriation account designated by the 
        Secretary of Defense.''; and
            (3) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``Each report shall also describe the types and 
        amount of financial incentives received under subsection (d)(2) 
        and section 2866(a)(2) of this title during the period covered 
        by the report and the appropriation account or accounts to 
        which the incentives were credited.''.
    (b) Water Conservation.--Section 2866(b) of such title is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``Savings.--'' in the subsection 
        heading and inserting in lieu thereof ``Savings and Financial 
        Incentives.--(1)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Financial incentives received under this section shall be 
used as provided in section 2865(d)(2) of this title.''.
SEC. 2805. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS REGARDING USE OF 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HOUSING FUNDS FOR INVESTMENTS IN 
              NONGOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES.
    Section 2875 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Congressional Notification Required.--Amounts in the 
Department of Defense Family Housing Improvement Fund or the Department 
of Defense Military Unaccompanied Housing Improvement Fund may be used 
to make a cash investment under this section in a nongovernmental 
entity only after the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date 
the Secretary of Defense submits written notice of, and justification 
for, the investment to the appropriate committees of Congress.''.
        Subtitle B--Real Property And Facilities Administration
SEC. 2811. INCREASE IN CEILING FOR MINOR LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS.
    (a) Increase.--Section 2672 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking out ``$200,000'' both places it appears in 
subsection (a) and inserting in lieu thereof ``$500,000''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--(1) The section heading for such section 
is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2672. Acquisition: interests in land when cost is not more than 
              $500,000''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 159 of such 
title is amended by striking out the item relating to section 2672 and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following new item:
``2672. Acquisition: interests in land when cost is not more than 
                            $500,000.''.
SEC. 2812. ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES FOR CERTAIN REAL PROPERTY 
              TRANSACTIONS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 159 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2695. Acceptance of funds to cover administrative expenses 
              relating to certain real property transactions
    ``(a) Authority To Accept.--In connection with a real property 
transaction described in subsection (b) with a non-Federal person or 
entity, the Secretary of a military department may accept amounts 
provided by the person or entity to cover administrative expenses 
incurred by the Secretary in entering into the transaction.
    ``(b) Covered Transactions.--Subsection (a) applies to the 
following transactions:
            ``(1) The conveyance or exchange of real property.
            ``(2) The grant of an easement over, in, or upon real 
        property of the United States.
            ``(3) The lease or license of real property of the United 
        States.
    ``(c) Use of Amounts Collected.--Amounts collected under subsection 
(a) for administrative expenses shall be credited to the appropriation, 
fund, or account from which the expenses were paid. Amounts so credited 
shall be merged with funds in such appropriation, fund, or account and 
shall be available for the same purposes and subject to the same 
limitations as the funds with which merged.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 159 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
``2695. Acceptance of funds to cover administrative expenses relating 
                            to certain real property transactions.''.
SEC. 2813. DISPOSITION OF PROCEEDS FROM SALE OF AIR FORCE PLANT 78, 
              BRIGHAM CITY, UTAH.
    Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) of section 204(h)(2) of the 
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 
485(h)(2)), the entire amount derived from the sale of Air Force Plant 
78 in Brigham City, Utah, and deposited in the special account in the 
Treasury established pursuant to such section shall, to the extent 
provided in appropriations Acts, be available to the Secretary of the 
Air Force for facility maintenance, repair, or environmental 
restoration at other industrial plants of the Department of the Air 
Force.
            Subtitle C--Defense Base Closure and Realignment
SEC. 2821. CONSIDERATION OF MILITARY INSTALLATIONS AS SITES FOR NEW 
              FEDERAL FACILITIES.
    (a) 1988 Law.--Section 204(b)(5) of the Defense Authorization 
Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100-526; 10 
U.S.C. 2687 note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking out ``subparagraph 
        (B)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subparagraphs (B) and 
        (C)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C)(i) Before acquiring non-Federal real property as the location 
for a new or replacement Federal facility of any type, the head of the 
Federal agency acquiring the property shall consult with the Secretary 
regarding the feasibility and cost advantages of using Federal property 
or facilities at a military installation to be closed or realigned 
under this title as the location for the new or replacement facility. 
In considering the availability and suitability of a specific military 
installation, the Secretary and the head of the Federal agency involved 
shall consult with the redevelopment authority with respect to the 
installation and comply with the redevelopment plan for the 
installation.
    ``(ii) Not later than 30 days after acquiring non-Federal real 
property as the location for a new or replacement Federal facility, the 
head of the Federal agency acquiring the property shall submit to 
Congress a report containing the results of the consultation under 
clause (i) and the reasons why military installations referred to in 
such clause that are located within the area to be served by the new or 
replacement Federal facility or within a 200-mile radius of the new or 
replacement facility, whichever area is greater, were considered to be 
unsuitable or unavailable for the site of the new or replacement 
facility.''.
    (b) 1990 Law.--Section 2905(b)(5) of the Defense Base Closure and 
Realignment Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking out ``subparagraph 
        (B)'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``subparagraphs (B) and 
        (C)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C)(i) Before acquiring non-Federal real property as the location 
for a new or replacement Federal facility of any type, the head of the 
Federal agency acquiring the property shall consult with the Secretary 
regarding the feasibility and cost advantages of using Federal property 
or facilities at a military installation to be closed or realigned 
under this part as the location for the new or replacement facility. In 
considering the availability and suitability of a specific military 
installation, the Secretary and the head of the Federal agency involved 
shall consult with the redevelopment authority with respect to the 
installation and comply with the redevelopment plan for the 
installation.
    ``(ii) Not later than 30 days after acquiring non-Federal real 
property as the location for a new or replacement Federal facility, the 
head of the Federal agency acquiring the property shall submit to 
Congress a report containing the results of the consultation under 
clause (i) and the reasons why military installations referred to in 
such clause that are located within the area to be served by the new or 
replacement Federal facility or within a 200-mile radius of the new or 
replacement facility, whichever area is greater, were considered to be 
unsuitable or unavailable for the site of the new or replacement 
facility.''.
SEC. 2822. PROHIBITION AGAINST CONVEYANCE OF PROPERTY AT MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS TO STATE-OWNED SHIPPING COMPANIES.
    (a) Prohibition Against Direct Conveyance.--In disposing of real 
property in connection with the closure of a military installation 
under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of 
title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note), the Secretary 
of Defense may not convey any portion of the property (by sale, lease, 
or other method) to a State-owned shipping company.
    (b) Prohibition Against Indirect Conveyance.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall impose as a condition on each conveyance of real property 
located at such an installation the requirement that the property may 
not be subsequently conveyed (by sale, lease, or other method) to a 
State-owned shipping company.
    (c) Reversionary Interest.--If the Secretary determines at any time 
that real property located at such an installation and conveyed under 
the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 has been conveyed 
to a State-owned shipping company in violation of subsection (b) or is 
otherwise being used by a State-owned shipping company in violation of 
such subsection, all right, title, and interest in and to the property 
shall revert to the United States, and the United States shall have 
immediate right of entry thereon.
    (d) Definition.--In this section, the term ``State-owned shipping 
company'' means a commercial shipping company owned or controlled by a 
foreign country.
                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances
                        Part I--Army Conveyances
SEC. 2831. LAND CONVEYANCE, JAMES T. COKER ARMY RESERVE CENTER, DURANT, 
              OKLAHOMA.
    (a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may convey, 
without consideration, to Big Five Community Services, Incorporated, a 
nonprofit organization operating in Durant, Oklahoma, all right, title, 
and interest of the United States in and to a parcel of real property 
located at 1500 North First Street in Durant, Oklahoma, and containing 
the James T. Coker Army Reserve Center, if the Secretary determines 
that the Reserve Center is excess to the needs of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the real property to be conveyed under subsection (a) 
shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost 
of the survey shall be borne by Big Five Community Services, 
Incorporated.
    (c) Condition on Conveyance.--The conveyance authorized under 
subsection (a) shall be subject to the condition that Big Five 
Community Services, Incorporated, retain the conveyed property for 
educational purposes.
    (d) Reversion.--If the Secretary determines at any time that the 
real property conveyed under subsection (a) is not being used for the 
purpose specified in subsection (c), all right, title, and interest in 
and to such real property, including any improvements thereon, shall 
revert to the United States, and the United States shall have the right 
of immediate entry thereon.
    (e) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may require 
such additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance 
under subsection (a) as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect 
the interests of the United States.
SEC. 2832. LAND CONVEYANCE, FORT A. P. HILL, VIRGINIA.
    (a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may convey to 
Caroline County, Virginia (in this section referred to as the 
``County''), all right, title, and interest of the United States in and 
to a parcel of unimproved real property consisting of approximately 10 
acres located at Fort A. P. Hill, Virginia. The purpose of the 
conveyance is to permit the County to establish a solid waste transfer 
and recycling facility on the property.
    (b) Consideration.--As consideration for the conveyance under 
subsection (a), the County shall permit the Army, at no cost, to 
dispose of not less than 1,800 tons of solid waste annually at the 
facility established on the conveyed property. The obligation of the 
County to accept solid waste under this subsection shall not commerce 
until after the solid waste transfer and recycling facility on the 
conveyed property becomes operational, and the establishment of a solid 
waste collection and transfer site on the .36-acre parcel described in 
subsection (d)(2) shall not be construed to impose the obligation.
    (c) Disclaimer.--The United States shall not be responsible for the 
provision or cost of utilities or any other improvements necessary to 
carry out the conveyance under subsection (a) or to establish or 
operate the solid waste transfer and recycling facility intended for 
the property.
    (d) Reversion.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), if the 
Secretary determines that a solid waste transfer and recycling facility 
is not operational, before December 31, 1999, on the real property 
conveyed under subsection (a), all right, title, and interest in and to 
such real property, including any improvements thereon, shall revert to 
the United States, and the United States shall have the right of 
immediate entry thereon.
    (2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to a parcel of 
approximately .36 acres of the approximately 10-acre parcel to be 
conveyed under subsection (a), which is included in the larger 
conveyance to permit the County to establish a solid waste collection 
and transfer site for residential waste.
    (e) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may require 
such additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance 
under subsection (a) as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect 
the interests of the United States.
SEC. 2833. EXPANSION OF LAND CONVEYANCE, INDIANA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT, 
              CHARLESTOWN, INDIANA.
    (a) Additional Conveyance.--Subsection (a) of section 2858 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 
104-106; 110 Stat. 571) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary of the 
        Army''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary may also convey to the State, without 
consideration, an additional parcel of real property at the Indiana 
Army Ammunition Plant consisting of approximately 500 acres located 
along the Ohio River.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended by 
striking out ``conveyance'' both places it appears in subsections (b) 
and (d) and inserting in lieu thereof ``conveyances''.
SEC. 2834. MODIFICATION OF LAND CONVEYANCE, LOMPOC, CALIFORNIA.
    (a) Change in Authorized Uses of Land.--Section 834(b)(1) of the 
Military Construction Authorization Act, 1985 (Public Law 98-407; 98 
Stat. 1526), is amended by striking out subparagraphs (A) and (B) and 
inserting in lieu thereof the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(A) for educational and recreational purposes;
            ``(B) for open space; or''.
    (b) Conforming Deed Changes.--With respect to the land conveyance 
made pursuant to section 834 of the Military Construction Authorization 
Act, 1985, the Secretary of the Army shall execute and file in the 
appropriate office or offices an amended deed or other appropriate 
instrument effectuating the changes to the authorized uses of the 
conveyed property resulting from the amendment made by subsection (a).
SEC. 2835. MODIFICATION OF LAND CONVEYANCE, ROCKY MOUNTAIN ARSENAL, 
              COLORADO.
    Section 5(c) of Public Law 102-402 (106 Stat. 1966) is amended by 
striking out ``The transferred property shall be sold in advertised 
sales'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``The Administrator shall convey 
the transferred property to Commerce City, Colorado, in a negotiated 
sale,''.
SEC. 2836. CORRECTION OF LAND CONVEYANCE AUTHORITY, ARMY RESERVE 
              CENTER, ANDERSON, SOUTH CAROLINA.
    (a) Identification of Recipient.--Subsection (a) of section 2824 of 
the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 
(division B of Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2793) is amended by 
striking out ``County of Anderson, South Carolina (in this section 
referred to as the `County')'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Board of 
Education, Anderson County, South Carolina (in this section referred to 
as the `Board')''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsections (b) and (c) of such section 
are amended by striking out ``County'' each place it appears and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``Board''.
SEC. 2837. LAND CONVEYANCE, FORT BRAGG, NORTH CAROLINA.
    (a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may convey, 
without consideration, to the Town of Spring Lake, North Carolina (in 
this section referred to as the ``Town''), all right, title, and 
interest of the United States in and to a parcel of unimproved real 
property consisting of approximately 50 acres located at Fort Bragg, 
North Carolina. The purpose of the conveyance is to improve access by 
the Town to a waste treatment facility and to permit economic 
development.
    (b) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the real property to be conveyed under subsection (a) 
shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost 
of the survey shall be borne by the Town.
    (c) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may require 
such additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance 
under subsection (a) as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect 
the interests of the United States.
SEC. 2838. LAND CONVEYANCE, GIBSON ARMY RESERVE CENTER, CHICAGO, 
              ILLINOIS.
    (a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may convey, 
without consideration, to the Lawndale Business and Local Development 
Corporation (in this section referred to as the ``Corporation''), a 
nonprofit organization organized in the State of Illinois, all right, 
title, and interest of the United States in and to a parcel of real 
property, including improvements thereon, that is located at 4454 West 
Cermak Road in Chicago, Illinois, and contains the Gibson Army Reserve 
Center.
    (b) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the real property to be conveyed under subsection (a) 
shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost 
of the survey shall be borne by the Corporation.
    (c) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may require 
such additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance 
under subsection (a) as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect 
the interests of the United States.
SEC. 2839. LAND CONVEYANCE, FORT DIX, NEW JERSEY.
    (a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may convey, 
without consideration, to the Borough of Wrightstown, New Jersey (in 
this section referred to as the ``Borough''), all right, title, and 
interest of the United States in and to a parcel of real property 
(including improvements thereon) consisting of approximately 44.69 
acres located at Fort Dix, New Jersey, for the purpose of permitting 
the Borough to develop the parcel for educational and economic 
purposes.
    (b) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the real property to be conveyed under subsection (a) 
shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost 
of the survey shall be borne by the Borough.
    (c) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Secretary may require 
such additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance 
under subsection (a) as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect 
the interests of the United States.
                       Part II--Navy Conveyances
SEC. 2851. CORRECTION OF LEASE AUTHORITY, NAVAL AIR STATION, MERIDIAN, 
              MISSISSIPPI.
    (a) Correction of Lessee.--Subsection (a) of section 2837 of the 
Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (division 
B of Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2798) is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``State of Mississippi (in this section 
        referred to as the `State')'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``County of Lauderdale, Mississippi (in this section referred 
        to as the `County')''; and
            (2) by striking out ``The State'' and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``The County''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsections (b) and (c) of such section 
are amended by striking out ``State'' each place it appears and 
inserting in lieu thereof ``County''.
                    Part III--Air Force Conveyances
SEC. 2861. LAND TRANSFER, EGLIN AIR FORCE BASE, FLORIDA.
    (a) Transfer.--Jurisdiction over the real property withdrawn by 
Executive Order 4525, dated October 1, 1826, which consists of 
approximately 440 acres of land at Cape San Blas, Gulf County, Florida, 
and any improvements thereon, is transferred from the administrative 
jurisdiction of the Secretary of Transportation to the administrative 
jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Air Force, without reimbursement. 
Executive Order 4525 is revoked, and the transferred real property 
shall be administered by the Secretary of the Air Force pursuant to the 
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 471 
et seq.) and such other laws as may be applicable to Federal real 
property.
    (b) Use of Property.--The real property transferred under 
subsection (a) may be used in conjunction with operations at Eglin Air 
Force Base, Florida.
    (c) Legal Description.--The exact acreage and legal description of 
the real property to be transferred under this section shall be 
determined by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary of the Air Force. 
The cost of the survey shall be borne by the Secretary of the Air 
Force.
SEC. 2862. STUDY OF LAND EXCHANGE OPTIONS, SHAW AIR FORCE BASE, SOUTH 
              CAROLINA.
    Section 2874 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 583) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Study of Exchange Options.--To facilitate the use of a land 
exchange to acquire the real property described in subsection (a), the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall conduct a study to identify real 
property in the possession of the Air Force (located in the State of 
South Carolina or elsewhere) that satisfies the requirements of 
subsection (b)(2), is acceptable to the party holding the property to 
be acquired, and is otherwise suitable for exchange under this section. 
Not later than three months after the date of the enactment of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998, the Secretary 
shall submit to Congress a report containing the results of the 
study.''.
SEC. 2863. LAND CONVEYANCE, MARCH AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA.
    (a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Secretary of the Air Force may 
convey to Air Force Village West, Incorporated (in this section 
referred to as the ``Corporation''), of Riverside, California, all 
right, title, and interest of the United States in and to a parcel of 
real property located at March Air Force Base, California, and 
consisting of approximately 75 acres, as more fully described in 
subsection (c).
    (2) If the Secretary does not make the conveyance authorized by 
paragraph (1) to the Corporation on or before January 1, 2006, the 
Secretary shall convey the real property instead to the March Joint 
Powers Authority, the redevelopment authority established for March Air 
Force Base.
    (b) Consideration.--As consideration for the conveyance under 
subsection (a), the Corporation shall pay to the United States an 
amount equal to the fair market value of the real property, as 
determined by the Secretary.
    (c) Land Description.--The real property to be conveyed under this 
section is contiguous to land conveyed to the Corporation pursuant to 
section 835 of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1985 
(Public Law 98-407; 98 Stat. 1527), and lies within sections 27, 28, 
33, and 34 of Township 3 South, Range 4 West, San Bernardino Base and 
Meridian, County of Riverside, California. The exact acreage and legal 
description of the real property shall be determined by a survey 
satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost of the survey shall be borne by 
the party receiving the property.
    (d) Technical Corrections Regarding Previous Conveyance.--Section 
835 of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1985 (Public Law 
98-407; 98 Stat. 1527), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking out ``subsection (b)'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``subsection (a)''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking out ``Clark Street,'' 
        and all that follows through the period and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``Village West Drive, on the west by Allen Avenue, on 
        the south by 8th Street, and the north is an extension of 11th 
        Street between Allen Avenue and Clark Street.''.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters
SEC. 2881. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO OPERATE NAVAL ACADEMY DAIRY FARM.
    (a) Operation.--(1) Chapter 603 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 6976. Operation of Naval Academy dairy farm
    ``(a) Discretion Regarding Continued Operation.--(1) Subject to 
paragraph (2), the Secretary of the Navy may terminate or reduce the 
dairy or other operations conducted at the Naval Academy dairy farm 
located in Gambrills, Maryland.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding the termination or reduction of operations at 
the Naval Academy dairy farm under paragraph (1), the real property 
containing the dairy farm (consisting of approximately 875 acres)--
            ``(A) may not be declared to be excess real property to the 
        needs of the Navy or transferred or otherwise disposed of by 
        the Navy or any Federal agency; and
            ``(B) shall be maintained in its rural and agricultural 
        nature.
    ``(b) Lease Authority.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), to the extent 
that the termination or reduction of operations at the Naval Academy 
dairy farm permit, the Secretary of the Navy may lease the real 
property containing the dairy farm, and any improvements and personal 
property thereon, to such persons and under such terms as the Secretary 
considers appropriate. In leasing any of the property, the Secretary 
may give a preference to persons who will continue dairy operations on 
the property.
    ``(2) Any lease of property at the Naval Academy dairy farm shall 
be subject to a condition that the lessee maintain the rural and 
agricultural nature of the leased property.
    ``(c) Effect of Other Laws.--Nothing in section 6971 of this title 
shall be construed to require the Secretary of the Navy or the 
Superintendent of the Naval Academy to operate a dairy farm for the 
Naval Academy in Gambrills, Maryland, or any other location.''.
    (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``6976. Operation of Naval Academy dairy farm.''.
    (b) Conforming Repeal of Existing Requirements.--Section 810 of the 
Military Construction Authorization Act, 1968 (Public Law 90-110; 81 
Stat. 309), is repealed.
SEC. 2882. LONG-TERM LEASE OF PROPERTY, NAPLES ITALY.
    (a) Authority.--Subject to subsection (d), the Secretary of the 
Navy may acquire by long-term lease structures and real property 
relating to a regional hospital complex in Naples, Italy, that the 
Secretary determines to be necessary for purposes of the Naples 
Improvement Initiative.
    (b) Lease Term.--Notwithstanding section 2675 of title 10, United 
States Code, the lease authorized by subsection (a) shall be for a term 
of not more than 20 years.
    (c) Expiration of Authority.--The authority of the Secretary to 
enter into a lease under subsection (a) shall expire on September 30, 
2002.
    (d) Authority Contingent on Appropriations Acts.--The authority of 
the Secretary to enter into a lease under subsection (a) is available 
only to the extent or in the amount provided in advance in 
appropriations Acts.
SEC. 2883. DESIGNATION OF MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING AT LACKLAND AIR FORCE 
              BASE, TEXAS, IN HONOR OF FRANK TEJEDA, A FORMER MEMBER OF 
              THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
    The military family housing developments to be constructed at two 
locations on Government property at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, 
under the authority of subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United 
States Code, shall be designated by the Secretary of the Air Force, at 
an appropriate time, as follows:
            (1) The northern development shall be designated as ``Frank 
        Tejeda Estates North''.
            (2) The southern development shall be designated as ``Frank 
        Tejeda Estates South''.
                   TITLE XXIX--SIKES ACT IMPROVEMENT
SEC. 2901. SHORT TITLE.
    This title may be cited as the ``Sikes Act Improvement Amendments 
of 1997''.
SEC. 2902. DEFINITION OF SIKES ACT FOR PURPOSES OF AMENDMENTS.
    In this title, the term ``Sikes Act'' means the Act entitled ``An 
Act to promote effectual planning, development, maintenance, and 
coordination of wildlife, fish, and game conservation and 
rehabilitation in military reservations'', approved September 15, 1960 
(16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.), commonly referred to as the ``Sikes Act''.
SEC. 2903. CODIFICATION OF SHORT TITLE OF ACT.
    The Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.) is amended by inserting 
before title I the following new section:
``SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
    ``This Act may be cited as the `Sikes Act'.''.
SEC. 2904. INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLANS.
    (a) Plans Required.--Section 101(a) of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 
670a(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``is authorized to'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``shall'';
            (2) by striking out ``in each military reservation in 
        accordance with a cooperative plan'' and inserting in lieu 
        thereof the following: ``on military installations. Under the 
        program, the Secretary shall prepare and implement for each 
        military installation in the United States an integrated 
        natural resource management plan'';
            (3) by inserting after ``reservation is located'' the 
        following: ``, except that the Secretary is not required to 
        prepare such a plan for a military installation if the 
        Secretary determines that preparation of such a plan for the 
        installation is not appropriate''; and
            (4) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)'' and adding at the 
        end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Consistent with essential military requirements to enhance 
the national security of the United States, the Secretary of Defense 
shall manage each military installation to provide--
            ``(A) for the conservation of fish and wildlife on the 
        military installation and sustained multipurpose uses of those 
        resources, including hunting, fishing, and trapping; and
            ``(B) public access that is necessary or appropriate for 
        those uses.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Title I of the Sikes Act is amended--
            (1) in section 101(b) (16 U.S.C. 670a(b)), in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1), by striking out ``cooperative plan'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``integrated natural resource 
        management plan'';
            (2) in section 101(b)(4) (16 U.S.C. 670a(b)(4)), by 
        striking out ``cooperative plan'' each place it appears and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``integrated natural resource 
        management plan'';
            (3) in section 101(c) (16 U.S.C. 670a(c)), in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1) by striking out ``a cooperative plan'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``an integrated natural resource 
        management plan'';
            (4) in section 101(d) (16 U.S.C. 670a(d)), in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1) by striking out ``cooperative plans'' 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``integrated natural resource 
        management plans'';
            (5) in section 101(e) (16 U.S.C. 670a(e)), by striking out 
        ``Cooperative plans'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``Integrated natural resource management plans'';
            (6) in section 102 (16 U.S.C. 670b), by striking out ``a 
        cooperative plan'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``an 
        integrated natural resource management plan'';
            (7) in section 103 (16 U.S.C. 670c), by striking out ``a 
        cooperative plan'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``an 
        integrated natural resource management plan'';
            (8) in section 106(a) (16 U.S.C. 670f(a)), by striking out 
        ``cooperative plans'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``integrated natural resource management plans''; and
            (9) in section 106(c) (16 U.S.C. 670f(c)), by striking out 
        ``cooperative plans'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``integrated natural resource management plans''.
    (c) Contents of Plans.--Section 101(b) of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 
670a(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking out ``and'' 
                after the semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking out the 
                semicolon at the end and inserting in lieu thereof a 
                comma; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(E) wetland protection and restoration, and 
                wetland creation where necessary, for support of fish 
                or wildlife,
                    ``(F) consideration of conservation needs for all 
                biological communities, and
                    ``(G) the establishment of specific natural 
                resource management goals, objectives, and time-frames 
                for proposed actions;'';
            (2) by striking out paragraph (3);
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(2) shall for the military installation for which it is 
        prepared--
                    ``(A) address the needs for fish and wildlife 
                management, land management, forest management, and 
                wildlife-oriented recreation,
                    ``(B) ensure the integration of, and consistency 
                among, the various activities conducted under the plan,
                    ``(C) ensure that there is no net loss in the 
                capability of installation lands to support the 
                military mission of the installation,
                    ``(D) provide for sustained use by the public of 
                natural resources, to the extent that such use is not 
                inconsistent with the military mission of the 
                installation or the needs of fish and wildlife 
                management,
                    ``(E) provide the public access to the installation 
                that is necessary or appropriate for that use, to the 
                extent that access is not inconsistent with the 
                military mission of the installation, and
                    ``(F) provide for professional enforcement of 
                natural resource laws and regulations;''; and
            (5) in paragraph (4)(A), by striking out ``collect the fees 
        therefor,'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``collect, spend, 
        administer, and account for fees therefor,''.
    (d) Public Comment.--Section 101 of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670a) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Public Comment.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide an 
opportunity for public comment on each integrated natural resource 
management plan prepared under subsection (a).''.
SEC. 2905. REVIEW FOR PREPARATION OF INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCE 
              MANAGEMENT PLANS.
    (a) Review of Military Installations.--
            (1) Review.--The Secretary of each military department 
        shall, by not later than nine months after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act--
                    (A) review each military installation in the United 
                States that is under the jurisdiction of that Secretary 
                to determine the military installations for which the 
                preparation of an integrated natural resource 
                management plan under section 101 of the Sikes Act, as 
                amended by this title, is appropriate; and
                    (B) submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on 
                those determinations.
            (2) Report to congress.--The Secretary of Defense shall, by 
        not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, submit to the Congress a report on the reviews 
        conducted under paragraph (1). The report shall include--
                    (A) a list of those military installations reviewed 
                under paragraph (1) for which the Secretary of Defense 
                determines the preparation of an integrated natural 
                resource management plan is not appropriate; and
                    (B) for each of the military installations listed 
                under subparagraph (A), an explanation of the reasons 
                such a plan is not appropriate.
    (b) Deadline for Integrated Natural Resource Management Plans.--Not 
later than two years after the date of the submission of the report 
required under subsection (a)(2), the Secretary of Defense shall, for 
each military installation for which the Secretary has not determined 
under subsection (a)(2)(A) that preparation of an integrated natural 
resource management plan is not appropriate--
            (1) prepare and begin implementing such a plan mutually 
        agreed to by the Secretary of the Interior and the head of the 
        appropriate State agencies under section 101(a) of the Sikes 
        Act, as amended by this title; or
            (2) in the case of a military installation for which there 
        is in effect a cooperative plan under section 101(a) of the 
        Sikes Act on the day before the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, complete negotiations with the Secretary of the Interior 
        and the heads of the appropriate State agencies regarding 
        changes to that plan that are necessary for the plan to 
        constitute an integrated natural resource plan that complies 
        with that section, as amended by this title.
    (c) Public Comment.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide an 
opportunity for the submission of public comments on--
            (1) integrated natural resource management plans proposed 
        pursuant to subsection (b)(1); and
            (2) changes to cooperative plans proposed pursuant to 
        subsection (b)(2).
SEC. 2906. ANNUAL REVIEWS AND REPORTS.
    Section 101 of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670a) is amended by adding 
after subsection (f) (as added by section 2904(d)) the following new 
subsection:
    ``(g) Reviews and Reports.--
            ``(1) Secretary of defense.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall, by not later than March 1 of each year, review the 
        extent to which integrated natural resource management plans 
        were prepared or in effect and implemented in accordance with 
        this Act in the preceding year, and submit a report on the 
        findings of that review to the committees. Each report shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) the number of integrated natural resource 
                management plans in effect in the year covered by the 
                report, including the date on which each plan was 
                issued in final form or most recently revised;
                    ``(B) the amount of moneys expended on conservation 
                activities conducted pursuant to those plans in the 
                year covered by the report, including amounts expended 
                under the Legacy Resource Management Program 
                established under section 8120 of the Act of November 
                5, 1990 (Public Law 101-511; 104 Stat. 1905); and
                    ``(C) an assessment of the extent to which the 
                plans comply with the requirements of subsection (b)(1) 
                and (2), including specifically the extent to which the 
                plans ensure in accordance with subsection (b)(2)(C) 
                that there is no net loss of lands to support the 
                military missions of military installations.
            ``(2) Secretary of the interior.--The Secretary of the 
        Interior, by not later than March 1 of each year and in 
        consultation with State agencies responsible for conservation 
        or management of fish or wildlife, shall submit a report to the 
committees on the amount of moneys expended by the Department of the 
Interior and those State agencies in the year covered by the report on 
conservation activities conducted pursuant to integrated natural 
resource management plans.
            ``(3) Committees defined.--For purposes of this subsection, 
        the term `committees' means the Committee on Resources and the 
        Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Environment and Public Works of the Senate.''.
SEC. 2907. TRANSFER OF WILDLIFE CONSERVATION FEES FROM CLOSED MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS.
    Section 101(b)(4)(B) of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670a(b)(4)(B)) is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, 
unless that military installation is subsequently closed, in which case 
the fees may be transferred to another military installation to be used 
for the same purposes''.
SEC. 2908. FEDERAL ENFORCEMENT OF INTEGRATED NATURAL RESOURCE 
              MANAGEMENT PLANS AND ENFORCEMENT OF OTHER LAWS.
    Title I of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating section 106, as amended by section 
        2904(b), as section 109; and
            (2) by inserting after section 105 the following new 
        section:
``SEC. 106. FEDERAL ENFORCEMENT OF OTHER LAWS.
    ``All Federal laws relating to the conservation of natural 
resources on Federal lands may be enforced by the Secretary of Defense 
with respect to violations of those laws which occur on military 
installations within the United States.''.
SEC. 2909. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SERVICES.
    Title I of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.) is amended by 
inserting after section 106 (as added by section 2908) the following 
new section:
``SEC. 107. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SERVICES.
    ``The Secretary of each military department shall ensure that 
sufficient numbers of professionally trained natural resource 
management personnel and natural resource law enforcement personnel are 
available and assigned responsibility to perform tasks necessary to 
comply with this Act, including the preparation and implementation of 
integrated natural resource management plans.''.
SEC. 2910. DEFINITIONS.
    Title I of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670a et seq.) is amended by 
inserting after section 107 (as added by section 2909) the following 
new section:
``SEC. 108. DEFINITIONS.
    ``In this title:
            ``(1) Military installation.--The term `military 
        installation'--
                    ``(A) means any land or interest in land owned by 
                the United States and administered by the Secretary of 
                Defense or the Secretary of a military department; and
                    ``(B) includes all public lands withdrawn from all 
                forms of appropriation under public land laws and 
                reserved for use by the Secretary of Defense or the 
                Secretary of a military department.
            ``(2) State fish and wildlife agency.--The term `State fish 
        and wildlife agency' means an agency of State government that 
        is responsible under State law for managing fish or wildlife 
        resources.
            ``(3) United states.--The term `United States' means the 
        States, the District of Columbia, and the territories and 
        possessions of the United States.''.
SEC. 2911. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.
    (a) Cost Sharing.--Section 103a(b) of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 
670c-1(b)) is amended by striking out ``matching basis'' each place it 
appears and inserting in lieu thereof ``cost-sharing basis''.
    (b) Accounting.--Section 103a(c) of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670c-
1(c)) is amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
following: ``, and shall not be subject to section 1535 of that 
title''.
SEC. 2912. REPEAL OF SUPERSEDED PROVISION.
    Section 2 of the Act of October 27, 1986 (Public Law 99-561; 16 
U.S.C. 670a-1), is repealed.
SEC. 2913. CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.
    Title I of the Sikes Act, as amended by this title, is amended--
            (1) in the heading for the title by striking out ``MILITARY 
        RESERVATIONS'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``MILITARY 
        INSTALLATIONS'';
            (2) in section 101(a) (16 U.S.C. 670a(a)), by striking out 
        ``the reservation'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the 
        installation'';
            (3) in section 101(b)(4) (16 U.S.C. 670a(b)(4))--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking out ``the 
                reservation'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the 
                installation''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking out ``the 
                military reservation'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
                ``the military installation'';
            (4) in section 101(c) (16 U.S.C. 670a(c))--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking out ``a military 
                reservation'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``a 
                military installation''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking out ``the 
                reservation'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``the 
                installation'';
            (5) in section 102 (16 U.S.C. 670b), by striking out 
        ``military reservations'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``military installations''; and
            (6) in section 103 (16 U.S.C. 670c)--
                    (A) by striking out ``military reservations'' and 
                inserting in lieu thereof ``military installations''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking out ``such reservations'' and 
                inserting in lieu thereof ``such installations''.
SEC. 2914. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    (a) Programs on Military Installations.--Subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 109 of the Sikes Act (as redesignated by section 1408) are each 
amended by striking out ``1983'' and all that follows through ``1993,'' 
and inserting in lieu thereof ``1983 through 2000,''.
    (b) Programs on Public Lands.--Section 209 of the Sikes Act (16 
U.S.C. 670o) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking out ``the sum of 
        $10,000,000'' and all that follows through ``to enable the 
        Secretary of the Interior'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``$4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2000, to 
        enable the Secretary of the Interior''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking out ``the sum of 
        $12,000,000'' and all that follows through ``to enable the 
        Secretary of Agriculture'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2000, to 
        enable the Secretary of Agriculture''.
               DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL
            SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS
      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS
         Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations
SEC. 3101. WEAPONS ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Stockpile Stewardship.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
stockpile stewardship in carrying out weapons activities necessary for 
national security programs in the amount of $1,733,400,000, to be 
allocated as follows:
            (1) For core stockpile stewardship, $1,257,100,000, to be 
        allocated as follows:
                    (A) For operation and maintenance, $1,158,290,000.
                    (B) For plant projects (including maintenance, 
                restoration, planning, construction, acquisition, 
                modification of facilities, and the continuation of 
                projects authorized in prior years, and land 
                acquisition related thereto), $98,810,000, to be 
                allocated as follows:
                            Project 97-D-102, dual-axis radiographic 
                        hydrotest facility, Los Alamos National 
                        Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 
                        $46,300,000.
                            Project 96-D-102, stockpile stewardship 
                        facilities revitalization, Phase VI, various 
                        locations, $19,810,000.
                            Project 96-D-103, ATLAS, Los Alamos 
                        National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 
                        $13,400,000.
                            Project 96-D-105, contained firing facility 
                        addition, Lawrence Livermore National 
                        Laboratory, Livermore, California, $19,300,000.
            (2) For inertial fusion, $414,800,000, to be allocated as 
        follows:
                    (A) For operation and maintenance, $217,000,000.
                    (B) For the following plant project (including 
                maintenance, restoration, planning, construction, 
                acquisition, and modification of facilities, and land 
                acquisition related thereto), $197,800,000, to be 
                allocated as follows:
                            Project 96-D-111, national ignition 
                        facility, location to be determined, 
                        $197,800,000.
            (3) For technology transfer and education, $61,500,000, to 
        be allocated as follows:
                    (A) For technology transfer, $52,500,000.
                    (B) For education, $9,000,000.
    (b) Stockpile Management.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
stockpile management in carrying out weapons activities necessary for 
national security programs in the amount of $2,024,150,000, to be 
allocated as follows:
            (1) For operation and maintenance, $1,868,265,000.
            (2) For plant projects (including maintenance, restoration, 
        planning, construction, acquisition, modification of 
        facilities, and the continuation of projects authorized in 
        prior years, and land acquisition related thereto), 
        $155,885,000, to be allocated as follows:
                    Project 98-D-123, stockpile management 
                restructuring initiative, tritium factory modernization 
                and consolidation, Savannah River Site, Aiken, South 
                Carolina, $11,000,000.
                    Project 98-D-124, stockpile management 
                restructuring initiative, Y-12 Plant consolidation, Oak 
                Ridge, Tennessee, $6,450,000.
                    Project 98-D-125, tritium extraction facility, 
                Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina, $9,650,000.
                    Project 98-D-126, accelerator production of 
                tritium, various locations, $67,865,000.
                    Project 97-D-122, nuclear materials storage 
                facility renovation, Los Alamos National Laboratory, 
                Los Alamos, New Mexico, $9,200,000.
                    Project 97-D-124, steam plant wastewater treatment 
                facility upgrade, Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, 
                $1,900,000.
                    Project 96-D-122, sewage treatment quality upgrade 
                (STQU), Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas, $6,900,000.
                    Project 96-D-123, retrofit heating, ventilation, 
                and air conditioning and chillers for ozone protection, 
                Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, $2,700,000.
                    Project 95-D-122, sanitary sewer upgrade, Y-12 
                Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, $12,600,000.
                    Project 94-D-124, hydrogen fluoride supply system, 
                Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, $1,400,000.
                    Project 94-D-125, upgrade life safety, Kansas City 
                Plant, Kansas City, Missouri, $2,000,000.
                    Project 93-D-122, life safety upgrades, Y-12 Plant, 
                Oak Ridge, Tennessee, $2,100,000.
                    Project 92-D-126, replace emergency notification 
                system, various locations, $3,200,000.
                    Project 88-D-122, facilities capability assurance 
                program, various locations, $18,920,000.
    (c) Program Direction.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
program direction in carrying out weapons activities necessary for 
national security programs in the amount of $208,500,000.
SEC. 3102. ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION AND WASTE MANAGEMENT.
    (a) Environmental Restoration.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
environmental restoration in carrying out environmental restoration and 
waste management activities necessary for national security programs in 
the amount of $1,000,973,000, of which $388,000,000 shall be allocated 
to the uranium enrichment decontamination and decommissioning fund.
    (b) Closure Projects.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
closure projects carried out in accordance with section 3143 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 
104-201; 110 Stat. 2836; 42 U.S.C. 7274n) in the amount of 
$905,800,000.
    (c) Waste Management.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for waste 
management in carrying out environmental restoration and waste 
management activities necessary for national security programs in the 
amount of $1,536,344,000, to be allocated as follows:
            (1) For operation and maintenance, $1,455,576,000.
            (2) For plant projects (including maintenance, restoration, 
        planning, construction, acquisition, modification of 
        facilities, and the continuation of projects authorized in 
        prior years, and land acquisition related thereto), 
        $80,768,000, to be allocated as follows:
                    Project 98-D-401, H-tank farm storm water systems 
                upgrade, Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina, 
                $1,000,000.
                    Project 97-D-402, tank farm restoration and safe 
                operations, Richland, Washington, $13,961,000.
                    Project 96-D-408, waste management upgrades, 
                various locations, $8,200,000.
                    Project 95-D-402, install permanent electrical 
                service, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Carlsbad, New 
                Mexico, $176,000.
                    Project 95-D-405, industrial landfill V and 
                construction/demolition landfill VII, Y-12 Plant, Oak 
                Ridge, Tennessee, $3,800,000.
                    Project 95-D-407, 219-S secondary containment 
                upgrade, Richland, Washington, $2,500,000.
                    Project 94-D-404, Melton Valley storage tank 
                capacity increase, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak 
                Ridge, Tennessee, $1,219,000.
                    Project 94-D-407, initial tank retrieval systems, 
                Richland, Washington, $15,100,000.
                    Project 93-D-187, high-level waste removal from 
                filled waste tanks, Savannah River Site, Aiken, South 
                Carolina, $17,520,000.
                    Project 92-D-172, hazardous waste treatment and 
                processing facility, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas, 
                $5,000,000.
                    Project 89-D-174, replacement high-level waste 
                evaporator, Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina, 
                $1,042,000.
                    Project 86-D-103, decontamination and waste 
                treatment facility, Lawrence Livermore National 
                Laboratory, Livermore, California, $11,250,000.
    (d) Technology Development.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
technology development in carrying out environmental restoration and 
waste management activities necessary for national security programs in 
the amount of $182,881,000.
    (e) Nuclear Materials and Facilities Stabilization.--Funds are 
hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for 
fiscal year 1998 for nuclear materials and facilities stabilization in 
carrying out environmental restoration and waste management activities 
necessary for national security programs in the amount of 
$1,244,021,000, to be allocated as follows:
            (1) For operation and maintenance, $1,159,114,000.
            (2) For plant projects (including maintenance, restoration, 
        planning, construction, acquisition, modification of 
        facilities, and the continuation of projects authorized in 
        prior years, and land acquisition related thereto), 
        $84,907,000, to be allocated as follows:
                    Project 98-D-453, plutonium stabilization and 
                handling system for plutonium finishing plant, 
                Richland, Washington, $8,136,000.
                    Project 98-D-700, road rehabilitation, Idaho 
                National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho, $500,000.
                    Project 97-D-450, Actinide packaging and storage 
                facility, Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina, 
                $18,000,000.
                    Project 97-D-451, B-Plant safety class ventilation 
                upgrades, Richland, Washington, $2,000,000.
                    Project 97-D-470, environmental monitoring 
                laboratory, Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina, 
                $5,600,000.
                    Project 97-D-473, health physics site support 
                facility, Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina, 
                $4,200,000.
                    Project 96-D-406, spent nuclear fuels canister 
                storage and stabilization facility, Richland, 
                Washington, $16,744,000.
                    Project 96-D-461, electrical distribution upgrade, 
                Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho, 
                $2,927,000.
                    Project 96-D-464, electrical and utility systems 
                upgrade, Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, Idaho 
                National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho, $14,985,000.
                    Project 96-D-471, chlorofluorocarbon heating, 
                ventilation, and air conditioning and chiller retrofit, 
                Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina, $8,500,000.
                    Project 95-D-155, upgrade site road infrastructure, 
                Savannah River Site, South Carolina, $2,713,000.
                    Project 95-D-456, security facilities 
                consolidation, Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, Idaho 
                National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho, $602,000.
    (f) Program Direction.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
program direction in carrying out environmental restoration and waste 
management activities necessary for national security programs in the 
amount of $288,251,000.
    (g) Policy and Management.--Funds are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
policy and management in carrying out environmental restoration and 
waste management activities necessary for national security programs in 
the amount of $20,000,000.
    (h) Environmental Science Program.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
the environmental science program in carrying out environmental 
restoration and waste management activities necessary for national 
security programs in the amount of $55,000,000.
    (i) Hanford Tank Waste Vitrification.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998 for 
the Hanford Tank Waste Vitrification project, subject to the provisions 
of section 3145, in the amount of $70,000,000.
    (j) Adjustment.--The total amount authorized to be appropriated 
pursuant to this section is the sum of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated in subsections (a) through (h) reduced by the sum of 
$20,000,000, to be derived from non-safety-related contractor training 
expenses.
SEC. 3103. OTHER DEFENSE ACTIVITIES.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of 
Energy for fiscal year 1998 for other defense activities in carrying 
out programs necessary for national security in the amount of 
$1,512,551,000, to be allocated as follows:
            (1) For verification and control technology, $428,600,000, 
        to be allocated as follows:
                    (A) For nonproliferation and verification research 
                and development, $190,000,000.
                    (B) For arms control, $205,000,000.
                    (C) For intelligence, $33,600,000.
            (2) For nuclear safeguards and security, $47,200,000.
            (3) For security investigations, $25,000,000.
            (4) For emergency management, $17,000,000.
            (5) For program direction, $68,900,000.
            (6) For worker and community transition assistance, 
        $22,000,000, to be allocated as follows:
                    (A) For worker and community transition, 
                $20,000,000.
                    (B) For program direction, $2,000,000.
            (7) For fissile materials control and disposition, 
        $103,451,000, to be allocated as follows:
                    (A) For operation and maintenance, $99,451,000.
                    (B) For program direction, $4,000,000.
            (8) For environment, safety, and health, defense, 
        $73,000,000, to be allocated as follows:
                    (A) For the Office of Environment, Safety, and 
                Health (Defense), $63,000,000.
                    (B) For program direction, $10,000,000.
            (9) For the Office of Hearings and Appeals, $1,900,000.
            (10) For nuclear energy, $47,000,000, to be allocated as 
        follows:
                    (A) For nuclear technology research and development 
                (electrometallurgical), $12,000,000.
                    (B) For international nuclear safety (Soviet-
                designed reactors), $25,000,000.
                    (C) For Russian plutonium reactor core conversion, 
                $10,000,000.
            (11) For naval reactors development, $678,500,000, to be 
        allocated as follows:
                    (A) For operation and maintenance, $648,920,000.
                    (B) For program direction, $20,080,000.
                    (C) For plant projects (including maintenance, 
                restoration, planning, construction, acquisition, 
                modification of facilities, and the continuation of 
                projects authorized in prior years, and land 
                acquisition related thereto), $9,500,000, to be 
                allocated as follows:
                            Project 98-D-200, site laboratory/facility 
                        upgrade, various locations, $1,200,000.
                            Project 97-D-201, advanced test reactor 
                        secondary coolant refurbishment, Idaho National 
                        Engineering Laboratory, Idaho, $4,100,000.
                            Project 95-D-200, laboratory systems and 
                        hot cell upgrades, various locations, 
                        $1,100,000.
                            Project 90-N-102, expended core facility 
                        dry cell project, Naval Reactors Facility, 
                        Idaho, $3,100,000.
SEC. 3104. DEFENSE NUCLEAR WASTE DISPOSAL.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of 
Energy for fiscal year 1998 for payment to the Nuclear Waste Fund 
established in section 302(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 
(42 U.S.C. 10222(c)) in the amount of $190,000,000.
                Subtitle B--Recurring General Provisions
SEC. 3121. REPROGRAMMING.
    (a) In General.--Until the Secretary of Energy submits to the 
congressional defense committees the report referred to in subsection 
(b) and a period of 30 days has elapsed after the date on which such 
committees receive the report, the Secretary may not use amounts 
appropriated pursuant to this title for any program--
            (1) in amounts that exceed, in a fiscal year--
                    (A) 110 percent of the amount authorized for that 
                program by this title; or
                    (B) $1,000,000 more than the amount authorized for 
                that program by this title; or
            (2) which has not been presented to, or requested of, 
        Congress.
    (b) Report.--(1) The report referred to in subsection (a) is a 
report containing a full and complete statement of the action proposed 
to be taken and the facts and circumstances relied upon in support of 
such proposed action.
    (2) In the computation of the 30-day period under subsection (a), 
there shall be excluded any day on which either House of Congress is 
not in session because of an adjournment of more than 3 days to a day 
certain.
    (c) Limitations.--(1) In no event may the total amount of funds 
obligated pursuant to this title exceed the total amount authorized to 
be appropriated by this title.
    (2) Funds appropriated pursuant to this title may not be used for 
an item for which Congress has specifically denied funds.
SEC. 3122. LIMITS ON GENERAL PLANT PROJECTS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Energy may carry out any 
construction project under the general plant projects authorized by 
this title if the total estimated cost of the construction project does 
not exceed $2,000,000.
    (b) Report to Congress.--If, at any time during the construction of 
any general plant project authorized by this title, the estimated cost 
of the project is revised because of unforeseen cost variations and the 
revised cost of the project exceeds $2,000,000, the Secretary shall 
immediately furnish a complete report to the congressional defense 
committees explaining the reasons for the cost variation.
SEC. 3123. LIMITS ON CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS.
    (a) In General.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
construction on a construction project may not be started or additional 
obligations incurred in connection with the project above the total 
estimated cost, whenever the current estimated cost of the construction 
project, which is authorized by section 3101, 3102, or 3103, or which 
is in support of national security programs of the Department of Energy 
and was authorized by any previous Act, exceeds by more than 25 percent 
the higher of--
            (A) the amount authorized for the project; or
            (B) the amount of the total estimated cost for the project 
        as shown in the most recent budget justification data submitted 
        to Congress.
    (2) An action described in paragraph (1) may be taken if--
            (A) the Secretary of Energy has submitted to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the actions and 
        the circumstances making such action necessary; and
            (B) a period of 30 days has elapsed after the date on which 
        the report is received by the committees.
    (3) In the computation of the 30-day period under paragraph (2), 
there shall be excluded any day on which either House of Congress is 
not in session because of an adjournment of more than 3 days to a day 
certain.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to any construction 
project which has a current estimated cost of less than $5,000,000.
SEC. 3124. FUND TRANSFER AUTHORITY.
    (a) Transfer to Other Federal Agencies.--The Secretary of Energy 
may transfer funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of 
Energy pursuant to this title to other Federal agencies for the 
performance of work for which the funds were authorized. Funds so 
transferred may be merged with and be available for the same purposes 
and for the same period as the authorizations of the Federal agency to 
which the amounts are transferred.
    (b) Transfer Within Department of Energy; Limitations.--(1) Subject 
to paragraph (2), the Secretary of Energy may transfer funds authorized 
to be appropriated to the Department of Energy pursuant to this title 
between any such authorizations. Amounts of authorizations so 
transferred may be merged with and be available for the same purposes 
and for the same period as the authorization to which the amounts are 
transferred.
    (2) Not more than five percent of any such authorization may be 
transferred between authorizations under paragraph (1). No such 
authorization may be increased or decreased by more than five percent 
by a transfer under such paragraph.
    (3) The authority provided by this section to transfer 
authorizations--
            (A) may only be used to provide funds for items relating to 
        weapons activities necessary for national security programs 
        that have a higher priority than the items from which the funds 
        are transferred; and
            (B) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied funds by Congress.
    (c) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary of Energy shall promptly 
notify the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee 
on National Security of the House of Representatives of any transfer of 
funds to or from authorizations under this title.
SEC. 3125. AUTHORITY FOR CONCEPTUAL AND CONSTRUCTION DESIGN.
    (a) Requirement for Conceptual Design.--(1) Subject to paragraph 
(2) and except as provided in paragraph (3), before submitting to 
Congress a request for funds for a construction project that is in 
support of a national security program of the Department of Energy, the 
Secretary of Energy shall complete a conceptual design for that 
project. The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on each 
conceptual design completed under this paragraph.
    (2) If the estimated cost of completing a conceptual design for a 
construction project exceeds $3,000,000, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a request for funds for the conceptual design before 
submitting a request for funds for the construction project.
    (3) The requirement in paragraph (1) does not apply to a request 
for funds--
            (A) for a construction project the total estimated cost of 
        which is less than $2,000,000; or
            (B) for emergency planning, design, and construction 
        activities under section 3126.
    (b) Authority for Construction Design.--(1) Within the amounts 
authorized by this title, the Secretary of Energy may carry out 
construction design (including architectural and engineering services) 
in connection with any proposed construction project if the total 
estimated cost for such design does not exceed $600,000.
    (2) If the total estimated cost for construction design in 
connection with any construction project exceeds $600,000, funds for 
such design must be specifically authorized by law.
SEC. 3126. AUTHORITY FOR EMERGENCY PLANNING, DESIGN, AND CONSTRUCTION 
              ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Energy may use any funds available 
to the Department of Energy pursuant to an authorization in this title, 
including those funds authorized to be appropriated for advance 
planning and construction design under sections 3101, 3102, and 3103, 
to perform planning, design, and construction activities for any 
Department of Energy national security program construction project 
that, as determined by the Secretary, must proceed expeditiously in 
order to protect public health and safety, to meet the needs of 
national defense, or to protect property.
    (b) Limitation.--The Secretary may not exercise the authority under 
subsection (a) in the case of any construction project until the 
Secretary has submitted to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the activities that the Secretary intends to carry out under 
this section and the circumstances making such activities necessary.
    (c) Specific Authority.--The requirement of section 3125(b)(2) does 
not apply to emergency planning, design, and construction activities 
conducted under this section.
SEC. 3127. FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR ALL NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS OF THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY.
    Subject to the provisions of appropriations Acts and section 3121, 
amounts appropriated pursuant to this title for management and support 
activities and for general plant projects are available for use, when 
necessary, in connection with all national security programs of the 
Department of Energy.
SEC. 3128. AUTHORITY RELATING TO TRANSFERS OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL 
              MANAGEMENT FUNDS.
    (a) Transfer Authority for Defense Environmental Management 
Funds.--The Secretary of Energy shall provide the manager of each field 
office of the Department of Energy with the authority to transfer 
defense environmental management funds from a program or project under 
the jurisdiction of the office to another such program or project. Any 
such transfer may be made only once in a fiscal year to or from a 
program or project, and the amount transferred to or from a program or 
project may not exceed $5,000,000 in a fiscal year.
    (b) Determination.--A transfer may not be carried out by a manager 
of a field office pursuant to the authority provided under subsection 
(a) unless the manager determines that such transfer is necessary to 
address a risk to health, safety, or the environment or to assure the 
most efficient use of defense environmental management funds at that 
field office.
    (c) Exemption From Reprogramming Requirements.--The requirements of 
section 3121 shall not apply to transfers of funds pursuant to 
subsection (a).
    (d) Notification.--The Secretary of Energy, acting through the 
Assistant Secretary of Energy for Environmental Management, shall 
notify Congress of any transfer of funds pursuant to subsection (a) not 
later than 30 days after such a transfer occurs.
    (e) Limitation.--Funds transferred pursuant to subsection (a) may 
not be used for an item for which Congress has specifically denied 
funds or for a new program or project that has not been authorized by 
Congress.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``program or project'' means, with respect to 
        a field office of the Department of Energy, any of the 
        following:
                    (A) A project listed in subsection (b) or (e) of 
                section 3102 being carried out by the office.
                    (B) A program referred to in subsection (a), (b), 
                (c), (e), or (g) of section 3102 being carried out by 
                the office.
                    (C) A project or program not described in 
                subparagraph (A) or (B) that is for environmental 
                restoration or waste management activities necessary 
                for national security programs of the Department of 
                Energy, that is being carried out by the office, and 
                for which defense environmental management funds have 
                been authorized and appropriated before the date of the 
                enactment of this Act.
            (2) The term ``defense environmental management funds'' 
        means funds appropriated to the Department of Energy pursuant 
        to an authorization for carrying out environmental restoration 
        and waste management activities necessary for national security 
        programs.
    (g) Duration of Authority.--The authority provided under subsection 
(a) to a manager of a field office shall be in effect for the period 
beginning on October 1, 1997, and ending on September 30, 1998.
   Subtitle C--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations
SEC. 3131. BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE NATIONAL LABORATORY PROGRAM.
    (a) Program.--The Secretary of Energy shall establish a program for 
purposes of making available to the Secretary of Defense the expertise 
of the national laboratories for the ballistic missile defense programs 
of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Task Force.--The Secretary of Energy shall conduct the program 
through a task force consisting of the directors of the Los Alamos 
National Laboratory, the Sandia National Laboratories, and the Lawrence 
Livermore National Laboratory. The chairmanship of the task force shall 
rotate each year among the directors of the laboratories. The director 
of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory shall serve as the first 
chairman.
    (c) Activities.--Under the program, the national laboratories shall 
carry out those activities necessary to respond to requests for 
assistance from the Secretary of Defense with respect to the ballistic 
missile defense programs of the Department of Defense. Such activities 
may include the identification of technical modifications and test 
techniques, the analysis of physics problems, the consolidation of 
range and test activities, and the analysis and simulation of theater 
missile defense deployment problems.
    (d) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by 
section 3101(a)(1), $50,000,000 shall be available only for the program 
authorized by this section.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters
SEC. 3141. PLAN FOR STEWARDSHIP, MANAGEMENT, AND CERTIFICATION OF 
              WARHEADS IN THE NUCLEAR WEAPONS STOCKPILE.
    (a) Plan Requirement.--The Secretary of Energy shall develop and 
annually update a plan for maintaining the nuclear weapons stockpile. 
The plan shall cover, at a minimum, stockpile stewardship, stockpile 
management, and program direction and shall be consistent with the 
programmatic and technical requirements of the most recent annual 
Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Memorandum.
    (b) Plan Elements.--The plan and each update of the plan shall set 
forth the following:
            (1) The number of warheads (including active and inactive 
        warheads) for each type of warhead in the nuclear weapons 
        stockpile.
            (2) The current age of each warhead type, and any plans for 
        stockpile lifetime extensions and modifications or replacement 
        of each warhead type.
            (3) The process by which the Secretary of Energy is 
        assessing the lifetime, and requirements for lifetime extension 
        or replacement, of the nuclear and nonnuclear components of the 
        warheads (including active and inactive warheads) in the 
        nuclear weapons stockpile.
            (4) The process used in recertifying the safety, security, 
        and reliability of each warhead type in the nuclear weapons 
        stockpile.
            (5) Any concerns which would affect the ability of the 
        Secretary of Energy to recertify the safety, security, or 
        reliability of warheads in the nuclear weapons stockpile 
        (including active and inactive warheads).
    (c) Annual Submission of Plan to Congress.--The Secretary of Energy 
shall submit to Congress the plan developed under subsection (a) not 
later than March 15, 1998, and shall submit an updated version of the 
plan not later than March 15 of each year thereafter. The plan shall be 
submitted in both classified and unclassified form.
    (d) Repeal of Superseded Requirements.--The following provisions of 
law are repealed:
            (1) Subsection (d) of section 3138 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 107 
        Stat. 1947; 42 U.S.C. 2121 note).
            (2) Section 3153 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 624; 42 
        U.S.C. 2121 note).
            (3) Section 3159 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 626; 42 
        U.S.C. 7271b note).
            (4) Section 3156 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2841; 42 
        U.S.C. 7271c).
SEC. 3142. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
    The following provisions of law are repealed:
            (1) Subsection (e) of section 1436 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 
        Stat. 2075; 42 U.S.C. 2121 note).
            (2) Section 3143 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 
        1681; 42 U.S.C. 7271a).
            (3) Section 3134 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 106 Stat. 2639).
SEC. 3143. REVISIONS TO DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES WORKFORCE 
              RESTRUCTURING PLAN REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Repeal of Period for Notification of Changes in Workforce.--
Section 3161(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1993 (42 U.S.C. 7274h(c)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (A); 
        and
            (2) by striking out subparagraph (B).
    (b) Repeal of Requirements for Plan Updates and Submission to 
Congress.--Subsections (e) and (f) of section 3161 of such Act are 
repealed.
    (c) Prohibition on Use of Funds for Local Impact Assistance.--None 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy 
pursuant to section 3103(6) may be used for local impact assistance 
from the Department of Energy under section 3161(c)(6) of such Act (42 
U.S.C. 7274h(c)(6)).
    (d) Treatment of Federal Employees.--Section 3161 of such Act, as 
amended by subsection (b), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(e) Treatment of Federal Employees.--This section does not apply 
to employees of the Department of Energy.''.
    (e) Effect on USEC Privatization Act.--Nothing in this section 
shall be construed as diminishing the obligations of the Secretary of 
Energy under section 3110(a)(5) of the USEC Privatization Act (Public 
Law 104-134; 110 Stat. 1321-341; 42 U.S.C. 2297h-8(a)(5)).
    (f) Termination.--Section 3161 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 7274h) is 
repealed, effective on September 30, 1999.
SEC. 3144. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR APPOINTMENT OF CERTAIN 
              SCIENTIFIC, ENGINEERING, AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL.
    Section 3161 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 108 Stat. 3095; 42 U.S.C. 7231 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking out subsection (c); and
            (2) in subsection (d)(1), by striking out ``1997'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``1999''.
SEC. 3145. REPORT ON PROPOSED CONTRACT FOR HANFORD TANK WASTE 
              VITRIFICATION PROJECT.
    (a) Prior Notice to Congressional Defense Committees Before 
Entering Into Contract.--(1) The Secretary of Energy may not enter into 
a contract for the Hanford Tank Waste Vitrification project until--
            (A) the Secretary submits a report on the proposed contract 
        to the congressional defense committees; and
            (B) a period of 30 days of continuous session of Congress 
        has expired following the date on which the report is 
        submitted.
    (2) For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), the continuity of a session 
of Congress is broken only by an adjournment of the Congress sine die, 
and the days on which either House is not in session because of an 
adjournment of more than three days to a day certain are excluded in 
the computation of such 30-day period.
    (b) Report.--A report under subsection (a)(1) shall include the 
following:
            (A) A description of the activities to be carried out under 
        the contract.
            (B) A description of the funds expended, and the funds 
        obligated but not expended, as of the date of the report on 
        remediation of Hanford tank waste since 1989.
            (C) A description of the contractual and financial aspects 
        of the contract, including any provisions relating to the risk 
        of nonperformance and risk assumption by the United States and 
        the contractor or contractors.
            (D) An analysis of the cost to the United States of the 
        proposed contract, including a detailed analysis of the annual 
        budget authority and outlay requirements for the life of the 
        project.
            (E) If the proposed contract contemplates construction of 
        two projects, an analysis of the basis for the selection of the 
        two projects, and a detailed analysis of the costs to the 
        United States of two projects compared to the costs to the 
        United States of one project.
            (F) If the proposed contract provides for financing of the 
        project (or projects) by an entity or entities other than the 
        United States, a detailed analysis of the costs of such 
        financing compared to the costs of financing the project (or 
        projects) by the United States.
SEC. 3146. LIMITATION ON CONDUCT OF SUBCRITICAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS TESTS.
    The Secretary of Energy may not conduct any subcritical nuclear 
weapons tests using funds available to the Secretary for fiscal year 
1998 until 30 days after the Secretary submits to the Committee on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of 
the House of Representatives a detailed report on the manner in which 
funds available to the Secretary for fiscal years 1996 and 1997 to 
conduct such tests were used.
SEC. 3147. LIMITATION ON USE OF CERTAIN FUNDS UNTIL FUTURE USE PLANS 
              ARE SUBMITTED.
    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Energy may not use more than 80 
percent of the funds available to the Secretary pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 3102(f) (relating to policy 
and management) until the Secretary submits the plans described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Plans.--The plans referred to in subsection (a) are the draft 
future use plan and the final future use plan required under section 
3153(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 
(Public Law 104-201; 110 Stat. 2840; 42 U.S.C. 7274k).
SEC. 3148. PLAN FOR EXTERNAL OVERSIGHT OF NATIONAL LABORATORIES.
    (a) Plan Requirement.--The Secretary of Energy, acting through the 
Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs, shall develop a plan for the 
external oversight of the national laboratories.
    (b) Plan Elements.--The plan shall--
            (1) provide for the establishment of an external oversight 
        committee comprised of representatives of industry and academia 
        for the purpose of making recommendations to the Secretary of 
        Energy and the congressional defense committees on the 
        productivity of the laboratories and on the excellence, 
        relevance, and appropriateness of the research conducted by the 
        laboratories; and
            (2) provide for the establishment of a competitive peer 
        review process for funding basic research at the laboratories.
    (c) Submission to Congress.--The Secretary of Energy shall submit 
the plan to the congressional defense committees not later than 120 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) National Laboratories Covered.--For purposes of this section, 
the national laboratories are--
            (1) the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, 
        California;
            (2) the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New 
        Mexico;
            (3) the Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New 
        Mexico; and
            (4) the Nevada Test Site.
SEC. 3149. UNIVERSITY-BASED RESEARCH CENTER.
    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
            (1) The maintenance of scientific and engineering 
        competence in the United States is vital to long-term national 
        security and the defense and national security missions of the 
        Department of Energy.
            (2) Engaging the universities and colleges of the Nation in 
        research on long-range problems of vital national security 
        interest will be critical to solving the technology challenges 
        faced within the defense and national programs of the 
        Department of Energy in the next century.
            (3) Enhancing collaboration among the national 
        laboratories, universities and colleges, and industry will 
        contribute significantly to the performance of these Department 
        of Energy missions.
    (b) Center.--The Secretary of Energy shall establish a university-
based research center at a location that can develop the most effective 
collaboration among national laboratories, universities and colleges, 
and industry in support of scientific and engineering advancement in 
key Department of Energy defense program areas.
    (c) Funding.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated to the 
Department of Energy in fiscal year 1998, the Secretary shall make 
$5,000,000 available for the establishment and operation of the Center.
SEC. 3150. STOCKPILE STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Eliminating the threat posed by nuclear weapons to the 
        United States is an important national security goal.
            (2) As long as nuclear threats remain, the nuclear 
        deterrent of the United States must be effective and reliable.
            (3) A safe, secure, effective, and reliable United States 
        nuclear stockpile is central to the current nuclear deterrence 
        strategy of the United States.
            (4) The Secretary of Energy has undertaken a stockpile 
        stewardship and management program to ensure the safety, 
        security, effectiveness, and reliability of the nuclear weapons 
        stockpile of the United States, consistent with all United 
        States treaty requirements and the requirements of the nuclear 
        deterrence strategy of the United States.
            (5) It is the policy of the current administration that new 
        nuclear weapon designs are not required to effectively 
        implement the nuclear deterrence strategy of the United States.
    (b) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States that--
            (1) activities of the stockpile stewardship program shall 
        be directed toward ensuring that the United States possesses a 
        safe, secure, effective, and reliable nuclear stockpile, 
        consistent with the national security requirements of the 
        United States; and
            (2) stockpile stewardship activities of the United States 
        shall be conducted in conformity with the terms of the Treaty 
        on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (TIAS 6839) and the 
        Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty signed by the President on 
        September 24, 1996, when and if that treaty enters into force.
SEC. 3151. REPORTS ON ADVANCED SUPERCOMPUTER SALES TO CERTAIN FOREIGN 
              NATIONS.
    (a) Reports.--The Secretary of Energy shall require that any 
company that is a participant in the Accelerated Strategic Computing 
Initiative (ASCI) program of the Department of Energy report to the 
Secretary and to the Secretary of Defense each sale by that company to 
a country designated as a Tier III country of a computer capable of 
operating at a speed in excess of 2,000,000 theoretical operations per 
second (MTOPS). The report shall include a description of the following 
with respect to each such sale:
            (1) The anticipated end-use of the computer sold.
            (2) The software included with the computer.
            (3) Any arrangement under the terms of the sale regarding--
                    (A) upgrading the computer;
                    (B) servicing of the computer; or
                    (C) the furnishing of spare parts for the computer.
    (b) Covered Countries.--For purposes of this section, the countries 
designated as Tier III countries are the countries listed as ``computer 
tier 3'' eligible countries in part 740.7 of title 15 of the Code of 
Federal Regulations, as in effect on June 10, 1997 (or any successor 
list).
    (c) Quarterly Submission of Reports.--The Secretary of Energy shall 
require that reports under subsection (a) be submitted quarterly.
    (d) Annual Report.--The Secretary of Energy shall submit to 
Congress an annual report containing all information received under 
subsection (a) during the preceding year. The first annual report shall 
be submitted not later than July 1, 1998.
          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD
SEC. 3201. AUTHORIZATION.
    There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1998, 
$17,500,000 for the operation of the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety 
Board under chapter 21 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2286 
et seq.).
SEC. 3202. PLAN FOR TRANSFER OF FACILITIES FROM JURISDICTION OF DEFENSE 
              NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD TO JURISDICTION OF 
              NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION.
    (a) Plan Requirement.--(1) The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety 
Board (in this section referred to as the ``Board'') shall develop, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory 
Commission, a plan for--
            (A) increasing the authority of the Nuclear Regulatory 
        Commission to include the regulation of Department of Energy 
        defense nuclear facilities; and
            (B) decreasing or eliminating the functions of the Board 
        with respect to such facilities under chapter 21 of the Atomic 
        Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2286 et seq.).
    (2) The plan shall be submitted to Congress not later than six 
months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Plan Elements.--The plan shall include the following:
            (1) A list of facilities as described in subsection (c).
            (2) A schedule for the orderly transfer of such facilities 
        from the jurisdiction of the Board to the jurisdiction of the 
        Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
            (3) Recommendations on the order in which the facilities 
        should be transferred, including such recommendations as the 
        Board considers appropriate with respect to the suitability of 
        the various facilities for transfer and the appropriateness for 
        the various facilities of the schedule for conducting the 
        transfer.
            (4) Such other provisions as the Board considers necessary 
        to carry out an orderly transfer under paragraph (2).
    (c) List of Facilities.--The plan shall contain a list of all 
Department of Energy defense nuclear facilities, grouped according to 
the following criteria:
            (1) Facilities that are similar to facilities regulated by 
        the Nuclear Regulatory Commission on the date of the enactment 
        of this Act.
            (2) Facilities that are in compliance with Department of 
        Energy nuclear safety requirements and Board recommendations in 
        existence on the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (3) Facilities the regulation of which would involve the 
        Nuclear Regulatory Commission in unique national security 
        interests, including the classified design and configuration of 
        a nuclear weapon or explosive device.
    (d) Facility Defined.--In this section, the term ``Department of 
Energy defense nuclear facility'' has the meaning provided by section 
318 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2286g), except that the 
term includes such a facility that is under construction or is planned 
by the Secretary of Energy to be constructed.
    (e) Repeal of Prohibition on Use of Funds.--Section 210 of the 
Department of Energy National Security and Military Applications of 
Nuclear Energy Authorization Act of 1981 (42 U.S.C. 7272) is repealed.
                TITLE XXXIII--NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE
SEC. 3301. AUTHORIZED USES OF STOCKPILE FUNDS.
    (a) Obligation of Stockpile Funds.--During fiscal year 1998, the 
National Defense Stockpile Manager may obligate up to $73,000,000 of 
the funds in the National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund for the 
authorized uses of such funds under section 9(b)(2) of the Strategic 
and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h(b)(2)).
    (b) Additional Obligations.--The National Defense Stockpile Manager 
may obligate amounts in excess of the amount specified in subsection 
(a) if the National Defense Stockpile Manager notifies Congress that 
extraordinary or emergency conditions necessitate the additional 
obligations. The National Defense Stockpile Manager may make the 
additional obligations described in the notification after the end of 
the 45-day period beginning on the date Congress receives the 
notification.
    (c) Limitations.--The authorities provided by this section shall be 
subject to such limitations as may be provided in appropriations Acts.
SEC. 3302. DISPOSAL OF BERYLLIUM COPPER MASTER ALLOY IN NATIONAL 
              DEFENSE STOCKPILE.
    (a) Disposal Authorization.--Pursuant to section 5(b) of the 
Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98d(b)), 
the National Defense Stockpile Manager may dispose of all beryllium 
copper master alloy from the National Defense Stockpile provided for in 
section 4 of such Act (50 U.S.C. 98c) as part of continued efforts to 
modernize the Stockpile.
    (b) Precondition for Disposal.--Before beginning the disposal of 
beryllium copper master alloy under subsection (a), the National 
Defense Stockpile Manager shall certify to Congress that the disposal 
of beryllium copper master alloy will not adversely affect the 
capability of the National Defense Stockpile to supply the strategic 
and critical material needs of the United States.
    (c) Consultation With Market Impact Committee.--In disposing of 
beryllium copper master alloy under subsection (a), the National 
Defense Stockpile Manager shall consult with the Market Impact 
Committee established under section 10(c) of the Strategic and Critical 
Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h-1(c)) to ensure that the 
disposal of beryllium copper master alloy does not disrupt the domestic 
beryllium industry.
    (d) Extended Sales Contracts.--The National Defense Stockpile 
Manager shall provide for the use of long-term sales contracts for the 
disposal of beryllium copper master alloy under subsection (a) so that 
the domestic beryllium industry can re-absorb this material into the 
market in a gradual and nondisruptive manner. However, no such contract 
shall provide for the disposal of beryllium copper master alloy over a 
period longer than eight years, beginning on the date of the 
commencement of the first contract under this section.
    (e) Relationship to Other Disposal Authority.--The disposal 
authority provided in subsection (a) is new disposal authority and is 
in addition to, and shall not affect, any other disposal authority 
provided by law regarding beryllium copper master alloy.
    (f) Beryllium Copper Master Alloy Defined.--For purposes of this 
section, the term ``beryllium copper master alloy'' means an alloy of 
nominally four percent beryllium in copper.
SEC. 3303. DISPOSAL OF TITANIUM SPONGE IN NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE.
    (a) Disposal Required.--Subject to subsection (b), the National 
Defense Stockpile Manager shall dispose of 34,800 short tons of 
titanium sponge contained in the National Defense Stockpile provided 
for in section 4 of the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling 
Act (50 U.S.C. 98c) and excess to stockpile requirements.
    (b) Consultation With Market Impact Committee.--In disposing of 
titanium sponge under subsection (a), the National Defense Stockpile 
Manager shall consult with the Market Impact Committee established 
under section 10(c) of the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock 
Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h-1(c)) to ensure that the disposal of titanium 
sponge does not disrupt the domestic titanium industry.
    (c) Relationship to Other Disposal Authority.--The disposal 
authority provided in subsection (a) is new disposal authority and is 
in addition to, and shall not affect, any other disposal authority 
provided by law regarding titanium sponge.
SEC. 3304. CONDITIONS ON TRANSFER OF STOCKPILED PLATINUM RESERVES FOR 
              TREASURY USE.
    (a) Imposition of Conditions.--Any transfer of platinum contained 
in the National Defense Stockpile provided for in section 4 of the 
Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98c) to 
the Secretary of the Treasury for use to mint and issue bullion and 
proof platinum coins or for any other purpose shall be subject to the 
conditions contained in this section.
    (b) Yearly Limitation.--The quantity of platinum transferred from 
the stockpile to the Secretary of the Treasury may not exceed 200,000 
troy ounces during any fiscal year, of which not more than 81,600 troy 
ounces per year may be platinum of the highest quality specification.
    (c) Replacement Upon Notice.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall 
replace platinum received from the stockpile within one year after 
receiving notice from the Secretary of Defense specifying the quantity 
and quality of transferred platinum to be replaced and the need for 
replacement.
    (d) Costs.--Any transfer of platinum from the stockpile to the 
Secretary of the Treasury shall be made without the expenditure of any 
funds available to the Department of Defense. The Secretary of the 
Treasury shall be responsible for all costs incurred in connection with 
the transfer, subsequent to the transfer, or in connection with the 
replacement of the transferred platinum, such as transportation, 
storage, testing, refining, or casting costs.
SEC. 3305. RESTRICTIONS ON DISPOSAL OF CERTAIN MANGANESE FERRO.
    (a) Requirement for Remelting by Domestic Ferroalloy Producers.--
High carbon manganese ferro in the National Defense Stockpile that does 
not meet the National Defense Stockpile classification of Grade One, 
Specification 30(a), as revised May 22, 1992, may be sold only for 
remelting by a domestic ferroalloy producer unless the President 
determines that a domestic ferroalloy producer is not available to 
acquire the material. After the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
President may not reclassify high carbon manganese ferro stored in the 
National Defense Stockpile as of that date.
    (b) Domestic Ferroalloy Producer Defined.--For purposes of this 
section, the term ``domestic ferroalloy producer'' means a company or 
other business entity that, as determined by the President--
            (1) is engaged in operations to upgrade manganese ores of 
        metallurgical grade or manganese ferro; and
            (2) conducts a significant level of its research, 
        development, engineering, and upgrading operations in the 
        United States.
    (c) Consultation With Market Impact Committee.--In disposing of 
high carbon manganese ferro in the National Defense Stockpile, the 
National Defense Stockpile Manager shall consult with the Market Impact 
Committee established under section 10(c) of the Strategic and Critical 
Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h-1(c)) to ensure that the 
disposal of high carbon manganese ferro does not disrupt the domestic 
manganese ferro industry.
    (d) Conforming Repeal.--Section 3304 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 
629) is repealed.
SEC. 3306. REQUIRED PROCEDURES FOR DISPOSAL OF STRATEGIC AND CRITICAL 
              MATERIALS.
    Section 6(b) of the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling 
Act (50 U.S.C. 98e(b)) is amended in the first sentence by striking out 
``materials from the stockpile shall be made by formal advertising or 
competitive negotiation procedures.'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``strategic and critical materials from the stockpile shall be made in 
accordance with the next sentence.''.
                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES
SEC. 3401. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of 
Energy $117,000,000 for fiscal year 1998 for the purpose of carrying 
out activities under chapter 641 of title 10, United States Code, 
relating to the naval petroleum reserves (as defined in section 7420(2) 
of such title). Funds appropriated pursuant to such authorization shall 
remain available until expended.
SEC. 3402. PRICE REQUIREMENT ON SALE OF CERTAIN PETROLEUM DURING FISCAL 
              YEAR 1998.
    Notwithstanding section 7430(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
during fiscal year 1998, any sale of any part of the United States 
share of petroleum produced from Naval Petroleum Reserves Numbered 1, 
2, and 3 shall be made at a price not less than 90 percent of the 
current sales price, as estimated by the Secretary of Energy, of 
comparable petroleum in the same area.
SEC. 3403. TERMINATION OF ASSIGNMENT OF NAVY OFFICERS TO OFFICE OF 
              NAVAL PETROLEUM AND OIL SHALE RESERVES.
    (a) Termination of Assignment Requirement.--Section 2 of Public Law 
96-137 (42 U.S.C. 7156a) is repealed.
    (b) Effect on Existing Assignments.--In the case of an officer of 
the Navy assigned, as of the date of the enactment of this Act, to a 
management position within the Office of Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale 
Reserves, the Secretary of the Navy may continue such assignment 
notwithstanding the repeal of section 2 of Public Law 96-137 (42 U.S.C. 
7156a), except that such assignment may not extend beyond the date of 
the sale of Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 1 (Elk Hills) pursuant to 
subtitle B of title XXXIV of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 7420 note).
                  TITLE XXXV--PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION
     Subtitle A--Authorization of Expenditures From Revolving Fund
SEC. 3501. SHORT TITLE.
    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Panama Canal Commission 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998''.
SEC. 3502. AUTHORIZATION OF EXPENDITURES.
    (a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), the Panama Canal 
Commission is authorized to use amounts in the Panama Canal Revolving 
Fund to make such expenditures within the limits of funds and borrowing 
authority available to it in accordance with law, and to make such 
contracts and commitments, as may be necessary under the Panama Canal 
Act of 1979 (22 U.S.C. 3601 et seq.) for the operation, maintenance, 
improvement, and administration of the Panama Canal for fiscal year 
1998.
    (b) Limitations.--For fiscal year 1998, the Panama Canal Commission 
may expend from funds in the Panama Canal Revolving Fund not more than 
$85,000 for official reception and representation expenses, of which--
            (1) not more than $23,000 may be used for official 
        reception and representation expenses of the Supervisory Board 
        of the Commission;
            (2) not more than $12,000 may be used for official 
        reception and representation expenses of the Secretary of the 
        Commission; and
            (3) not more than $50,000 may be used for official 
        reception and representation expenses of the Administrator of 
        the Commission.
SEC. 3503. PURCHASE OF VEHICLES.
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the funds available to 
the Commission shall be available for the purchase and transportation 
to the Republic of Panama of passenger motor vehicles built in the 
United States, the purchase price of which shall not exceed $22,000 per 
vehicle.
SEC. 3504. EXPENDITURES ONLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH TREATIES.
    Expenditures authorized under this subtitle may be made only in 
accordance with the Panama Canal Treaties of 1977 and any law of the 
United States implementing those treaties.
          Subtitle B--Facilitation of Panama Canal Transition
SEC. 3511. SHORT TITLE; REFERENCES.
    (a) Short Title.--This subtitle may be cited as the ``Panama Canal 
Transition Facilitation Act of 1997''.
    (b) References.--Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever 
in this subtitle an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an 
amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference 
shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the 
Panama Canal Act of 1979 (22 U.S.C. 3601 et seq.).
SEC. 3512. DEFINITIONS RELATING TO CANAL TRANSITION.
    Section 3 (22 U.S.C. 3602) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) For purposes of this Act:
            ``(1) The term `Canal Transfer Date' means December 31, 
        1999, such date being the date specified in the Panama Canal 
        Treaty of 1977 for the transfer of the Panama Canal from the 
        United States of America to the Republic of Panama.
            ``(2) The term `Panama Canal Authority' means the entity 
        created by the Republic of Panama to succeed the Panama Canal 
        Commission as of the Canal Transfer Date.''.
    PART I--TRANSITION MATTERS RELATING TO COMMISSION OFFICERS AND 
                               EMPLOYEES
SEC. 3521. AUTHORITY FOR THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE COMMISSION TO ACCEPT 
              APPOINTMENT AS THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL 
              AUTHORITY.
    (a) Authority for Dual Role.--Section 1103 (22 U.S.C. 3613) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) The Congress consents, for purposes of the 8th clause of 
article I, section 9 of the Constitution of the United States, to the 
acceptance by the individual serving as Administrator of the Commission 
of appointment by the Republic of Panama to the position of 
Administrator of the Panama Canal Authority. Such consent is effective 
only if that individual, while serving in both such positions, serves 
as Administrator of the Panama Canal Authority without compensation, 
except for payments by the Republic of Panama of travel and 
entertainment expenses, including per diem payments.''.
    (b) Waiver of Certain Conflict-of-Interest Statutes.--Such section 
is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(d) The Administrator, with respect to participation in any 
matter as Administrator of the Panama Canal Commission (whether such 
participation is before, on, or after the date of the enactment of the 
Panama Canal Transition Facilitation Act of 1997), shall not be subject 
to section 208 of title 18, United States Code, insofar as the matter 
relates to prospective employment as Administrator of the Panama Canal 
Authority.
    ``(e) If the Republic of Panama appoints as the Administrator of 
the Panama Canal Authority the individual serving as the Administrator 
of the Commission and if that individual accepts the appointment--
            ``(1) the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as 
        amended (22 U.S.C. 611 et seq.), shall not apply to that 
        individual with respect to service as the Administrator of the 
        Panama Canal Authority;
            ``(2) that individual, with respect to participation in any 
        matter as the Administrator of the Panama Canal Commission, is 
        not subject to section 208 of title 18, United States Code, 
        insofar as the matter relates to service as, or performance of 
        the duties of, the Administrator of the Panama Canal Authority; 
        and
            ``(3) that individual, with respect to official acts 
        performed as the Administrator of the Panama Canal Authority, 
        is not subject to the following:
                    ``(A) Sections 203 and 205 of title 18, United 
                States Code.
                    ``(B) Effective upon termination of the 
                individual's appointment as Administrator of the Panama 
                Canal Commission at noon on the Canal Transfer Date, 
                section 207 of title 18, United States Code.
                    ``(C) Sections 501(a) and 502(a)(4) of the Ethics 
                in Government Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.), with respect 
                to compensation received for, and service in, the 
                position of Administrator of the Panama Canal 
                Authority.''.
SEC. 3522. POST-CANAL TRANSFER PERSONNEL AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Waiver of Certain Post-employment Restrictions for Commission 
Personnel Becoming Employees of the Panama Canal Authority.--Section 
1112 (22 U.S.C. 3622) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) Effective as of the Canal Transfer Date, section 207 of title 
18, United States Code, shall not apply to an individual who is an 
officer or employee of the Panama Canal Authority, but only with 
respect to official acts of that individual as an officer or employee 
of the Authority and only in the case of an individual who was an 
officer or employee of the Commission and whose employment with the 
Commission was terminated at noon on the Canal Transfer Date.''.
    (b) Consent of Congress for Acceptance by Reserve and Retired 
Members of the Armed Forces of Employment by Panama Canal Authority.--
Such section is further amended by adding after subsection (e), as 
added by subsection (a), the following new subsection:
    ``(f)(1) The Congress consents to the following persons accepting 
civil employment (and compensation for that employment) with the Panama 
Canal Authority for which the consent of the Congress is required by 
the last paragraph of section 9 of article I of the Constitution of the 
United States, relating to acceptance of emoluments, offices, or titles 
from a foreign government:
            ``(A) Retired members of the uniformed services.
            ``(B) Members of a reserve component of the armed forces.
            ``(C) Members of the Commisioned Reserve Corps of the 
        Public Health Service.
    ``(2) The consent of the Congress under paragraph (1) is effective 
without regard to subsection (b) of section 908 of title 37, United 
States Code (relating to approval required for employment of Reserve 
and retired members by foreign governments).''.
SEC. 3523. ENHANCED AUTHORITY OF COMMISSION TO ESTABLISH COMPENSATION 
              OF COMMISSION OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES.
    (a) Repeal of Limitations on Commission Authority.--The following 
provisions are repealed:
            (1) Section 1215 (22 U.S.C. 3655), relating to basic pay.
            (2) Section 1219 (22 U.S.C. 3659), relating to salary 
        protection upon conversion of pay rate.
            (3) Section 1225 (22 U.S.C. 3665), relating to minimum 
        level of pay and minimum annual increases.
    (b) Savings Provision.--Section 1202 (22 U.S.C. 3642) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) In the case of an individual who is an officer or employee of 
the Commission on the day before the date of the enactment of the 
Panama Canal Transition Facilitation Act of 1997 and who has not had a 
break in service with the Commission since that date, the rate of basic 
pay for that officer or employee on or after that date may not be less 
than the rate in effect for that officer or employee on the day before 
that date of enactment except--
            ``(1) as provided in a collective bargaining agreement;
            ``(2) as a result of an adverse action against the officer 
        or employee; or
            ``(3) pursuant to a voluntary demotion.''.
    (c) Cross-Reference Amendments.--(1) Section 1216 (22 U.S.C. 3656) 
is amended by striking out ``1215'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``1202''.
    (2) Section 1218 (22 U.S.C. 3658) is amended by striking out 
``1215'' and ``1217'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``1202'' and 
``1217(a)'', respectively.
SEC. 3524. TRAVEL, TRANSPORTATION, AND SUBSISTENCE EXPENSES FOR 
              COMMISSION PERSONNEL NO LONGER SUBJECT TO FEDERAL TRAVEL 
              REGULATION.
    (a) Repeal of Applicability of Title 5 Provisions.--(1) Section 
1210 (22 U.S.C. 3650) is amended by striking out subsections (a), (b), 
and (c).
    (2) Section 1224 (22 U.S.C. 3664) is amended--
            (A) by striking out paragraph (10); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (11) through (20) as 
        paragraphs (10) through (19), respectively.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 1210 is further amended--
            (A) by redesignating subsection (d)(1) as subsection (a) 
        and in that subsection striking out ``paragraph (2)'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``subsection (b)''; and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (d)(2) as subsection (b) 
        and in that subsection--
                    (i) striking out ``Notwithstanding paragraph (1), 
                an'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``An''; and
                    (ii) striking out ''referred to in paragraph (1)'' 
                and inserting in lieu thereof ``who is a citizen of the 
                Republic of Panama''.
    (2) The heading of such section is amended to read as follows:
                        ``air transportation''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on January 1, 1999.
SEC. 3525. ENHANCED RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Recruitment, Relocation, and Retention Bonuses.--Section 1217 
(22 U.S.C. 3657) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (e);
            (2) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated), by striking out 
        ``for the same or similar work performed in the United States 
        by individuals employed by the Government of the United 
        States'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``of the individual to 
        whom the compensation is paid''; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(c)(1) The Commission may pay a recruitment bonus to an 
individual who is newly appointed to a position with the Commission, or 
a relocation bonus to an employee of the Commission who must relocate 
to accept a position, if the Commission determines that the Commission 
would be likely, in the absence of such a bonus, to have difficulty in 
filling the position.
    ``(2) A recruitment or relocation bonus may be paid to an employee 
under this subsection only if the employee enters into an agreement 
with the Commission to complete a period of employment with the 
Commission established by the Commission. If the employee voluntarily 
fails to complete such period of employment or is separated from 
service in such employment as a result of an adverse action before the 
completion of such period, the employee shall repay the entire amount 
of the bonus.
    ``(3) A relocation bonus under this subsection may be paid as a 
lump sum. A recruitment bonus under this subsection shall be paid on a 
pro rata basis over the period of employment covered by the agreement 
under paragraph (2). A bonus under this subsection may not be 
considered to be part of the basic pay of an employee.
    ``(d)(1) The Commission may pay a retention bonus to an employee of 
the Commission if the Commission determines that--
            ``(A) the employee has unusually high or unique 
        qualifications and those qualifications make it essential for 
        the Commission to retain the employee for a period specified by 
        the Commission ending not later than the Canal Transfer Date, 
        or the Commission otherwise has a special need for the services 
        of the employee making it essential for the Commission to 
        retain the employee for a period specified by the Commission 
        ending not later than the Canal Transfer Date; and
            ``(B) the employee would be likely to leave employment with 
        the Commission before the end of that period if the retention 
        bonus is not paid.
    ``(2) A retention bonus under this subsection--
            ``(A) shall be in a fixed amount;
            ``(B) shall be paid on a pro rata basis (over the period 
        specified by the Commission as essential for the retention of 
        the employee), with such payments to be made at the same time 
        and in the same manner as basic pay; and
            ``(C) may not be considered to be part of the basic pay of 
        an employee.
    ``(3) A decision by the Commission to exercise or to not exercise 
the authority to pay a bonus under this subsection shall not be subject 
to review under any statutory procedure or any agency or negotiated 
grievance procedure except under any of the laws referred to in section 
2302(d) of title 5, United States Code.''.
    (b) Educational Services.--Section 1321(e)(2) (22 U.S.C. 
3731(e)(2)) is amended by striking out ``and persons'' and inserting in 
lieu thereof ``, to other Commission employees when determined by the 
Commission to be necessary for their recruitment or retention, and to 
other persons''.
SEC. 3526. TRANSITION SEPARATION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.
    Chapter 2 of title I (22 U.S.C. 3641 et seq.) is amended by adding 
at the end of subchapter III the following new section:
               ``transition separation incentive payments
    ``Sec. 1233. (a) In applying to the Commission and employees of the 
Commission the provisions of section 663 of the Treasury, Postal 
Service, and General Government Appropriations Act, 1997 (as contained 
in section 101(f) of division A of Public Law 104-208; 110 Stat. 3009-
383), relating to voluntary separation incentives for employees of 
certain Federal agencies (in this section referred to as `section 
663')--
            ``(1) the term `employee' shall mean an employee of the 
        Commission who has served in the Republic of Panama in a 
        position with the Commission for a continuous period of at 
        least three years immediately before the employee's separation 
        under an appointment without time limitation and who is covered 
        under the Civil Service Retirement System or the Federal 
        Employees' Retirement System under subchapter III of chapter 83 
        or chapter 84, respectively, of title 5, United States Code, 
        other than--
                    ``(A) an employee described in any of subparagraphs 
                (A) through (F) of subsection (a)(2) of section 663; or
                    ``(B) an employee of the Commission who, during the 
                24-month period preceding the date of separation, has 
                received a recruitment or relocation bonus under 
                section 1217(c) of this Act or who, within the 12-month 
                period preceding the date of separation, received a 
                retention bonus under section 1217(d) of this Act;
            ``(2) the strategic plan under subsection (b) of section 
        663 shall include (in lieu of the matter specified in 
        subsection (b)(2) of that section)--
                    ``(A) the positions to be affected, identified by 
                occupational category and grade level;
                    ``(B) the number and amounts of separation 
                incentive payments to be offered; and
                    ``(C) a description of how such incentive payments 
                will facilitate the successful transfer of the Panama 
                Canal to the Republic of Panama;
            ``(3) a separation incentive payment under section 663 may 
        be paid to a Commission employee only to the extent necessary 
        to facilitate the successful transfer of the Panama Canal by 
        the United States of America to the Republic of Panama as 
        required by the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977;
            ``(4) such a payment--
                    ``(A) may be in an amount determined by the 
                Commission not to exceed $25,000; and
                    ``(B) may be made (notwithstanding the limitation 
                specified in subsection (c)(2)(D) of section 663) in 
                the case of an eligible employee who voluntarily 
                separates (whether by retirement or resignation) during 
                the 90-day period beginning on the date of the 
                enactment of this section or during the period 
beginning on October 1, 1998, and ending on December 31, 1998;
            ``(5) in the case of not more than 15 employees who (as 
        determined by the Commission) are unwilling to work for the 
        Panama Canal Authority after the Canal Transfer Date and who 
        occupy critical positions for which (as determined by the 
        Commission) at least two years of experience is necessary to 
        ensure that seasoned managers are in place on and after the 
        Canal Transfer Date, such a payment (notwithstanding paragraph 
        (4))--
                    ``(A) may be in an amount determined by the 
                Commission not to exceed 50 percent of the basic pay of 
                the employee; and
                    ``(B) may be made (notwithstanding the limitation 
                specified in subsection (c)(2)(D) of section 663) in 
                the case of such an employee who voluntarily separates 
                (whether by retirement or resignation) during the 90-
                day period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
                this section; and
            ``(6) the provisions of subsection (f) of section 663 shall 
        not apply.
    ``(b) A decision by the Commission to exercise or to not exercise 
the authority to pay a transition separation incentive under this 
section shall not be subject to review under any statutory procedure or 
any agency or negotiated grievance procedure except under any of the 
laws referred to in section 2302(d) of title 5, United States Code.''.
SEC. 3527. LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS.
    Section 1271 (22 U.S.C. 3701) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(c)(1) This subsection applies to any matter that becomes the 
subject of collective bargaining between the Commission and the 
exclusive representative for any bargaining unit of employees of the 
Commission during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
this subsection and ending on the Canal Transfer Date.
    ``(2)(A) The resolution of impasses resulting from collective 
bargaining between the Commission and any such exclusive representative 
during that period shall be conducted in accordance with such 
procedures as may be mutually agreed upon between the Commission and 
the exclusive representative (without regard to any otherwise 
applicable provisions of chapter 71 of title 5, United States Code). 
Such mutually agreed upon procedures shall become effective upon 
transmittal by the Chairman of the Commission to the Congress of notice 
of the agreement to use those procedures and a description of those 
procedures.
    ``(B) The Federal Services Impasses Panel shall not have 
jurisdiction to resolve any impasse between the Commission and any such 
exclusive representative in negotiations over a procedure for resolving 
impasses.
    ``(3) If the Commission and such an exclusive representative do not 
reach an agreement concerning a procedure for resolving impasses with 
respect to a bargaining unit and transmit notice of the agreement under 
paragraph (2) on or before July 1, 1998, the following shall be the 
procedure by which collective bargaining impasses between the 
Commission and the exclusive representative for that bargaining unit 
shall be resolved:
            ``(A) If bargaining efforts do not result in an agreement, 
        the parties shall request the Federal Mediation and 
        Conciliation Service to assist in achieving an agreement.
            ``(B) If an agreement is not reached within 45 days after 
        the date on which either party requests the assistance of the 
        Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service in writing (or 
        within such shorter period as may be mutually agreed upon by 
        the parties), the parties shall be considered to be at an 
        impasse and shall request the Federal Services Impasses Panel 
        of the Federal Labor Relations Authority to decide the impasse.
            ``(C) If the Federal Services Impasses Panel fails to issue 
        a decision within 90 days after the date on which its services 
        are requested (or within such shorter period as may be mutually 
        agreed upon by the parties), the efforts of the Panel shall be 
        terminated.
            ``(D) In such a case, the Chairman of the Panel (or another 
        member in the absence of the Chairman) shall immediately 
        determine the matter by a drawing (conducted in such manner as 
        the Chairman (or, in the absence of the Chairman, such other 
        member) determines appropriate) between the last offer of the 
        Commission and the last offer of the exclusive representative, 
        with the offer chosen through such drawing becoming the binding 
        resolution of the matter.
    ``(4) In the case of a notice of agreement described in paragraph 
(2)(A) that is transmitted to the Congress as described in the second 
sentence of that paragraph after July 1, 1998, the impasse resolution 
procedures covered by that notice shall apply to any impasse between 
the Commission and the other party to the agreeement that is unresolved 
on the date on which that notice is transmitted to the Congress.''.
SEC. 3528. AVAILABILITY OF PANAMA CANAL REVOLVING FUND FOR SEVERANCE 
              PAY FOR CERTAIN EMPLOYEES SEPARATED BY PANAMA CANAL 
              AUTHORITY AFTER CANAL TRANSFER DATE.
    (a) Availability of Revolving Fund.--Section 1302(a) (22 U.S.C. 
3712(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(10) Payment to the Panama Canal Authority, not later 
        than the Canal Transfer Date, of such amount as is computed by 
        the Commission to be the future amount of severance pay to be 
        paid by the Panama Canal Authority to employees whose 
        employment with the Authority is terminated, to the extent that 
        such severance pay is attributable to periods of service 
        performed with the Commission before the Canal Transfer Date 
        (and assuming for purposes of such computation that the Panama 
        Canal Authority, in paying severance pay to terminated 
        employees, will provide for crediting of periods of service 
        with the Commission).''.
    (b) Stylistic Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by striking out ``for--'' in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1) and inserting in lieu thereof ``for the following 
        purposes:'';
            (2) by capitalizing the initial letter of the first word in 
        each of paragraphs (1) through (9);
            (3) by striking out the semicolon at the end of each of 
        paragraphs (1) through (7) and inserting in lieu thereof a 
        period; and
            (4) by striking out ``; and'' at the end of paragraph (8) 
        and inserting in lieu thereof a period.
PART II--TRANSITION MATTERS RELATING TO OPERATION AND ADMINISTRATION OF 
                                 CANAL
SEC. 3541. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCUREMENT SYSTEM AND BOARD OF CONTRACT 
              APPEALS.
    Title III of the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (22 U.S.C. 3601 et seq.) 
is amended by inserting after the title heading the following new 
chapter:
                        ``Chapter 1--Procurement
                          ``procurement system
    ``Sec. 3101. (a) Panama Canal Acquisition Regulation.--(1) The 
Commission shall establish by regulation a comprehensive procurement 
system. The regulation shall be known as the `Panama Canal Acquisition 
Regulation' (in this section referred to as the `Regulation') and shall 
provide for the procurement of goods and services by the Commission in 
a manner that--
            ``(A) applies the fundamental operating principles and 
        procedures in the Federal Acquisition Regulation;
            ``(B) uses efficient commercial standards of practice; and
            ``(C) is suitable for adoption and uninterrupted use by the 
        Republic of Panama after the Canal Transfer Date.
    ``(2) The Regulation shall contain provisions regarding the 
establishment of the Panama Canal Board of Contract Appeals described 
in section 3102.
    ``(b) Supplement to Regulation.--The Commission shall develop a 
Supplement to the Regulation (in this section referred to as the 
`Supplement') that identifies both the provisions of Federal law 
applicable to procurement of goods and services by the Commission and 
the provisions of Federal law waived by the Commission under subsection 
(c).
    ``(c) Waiver Authority.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
Commission shall determine which provisions of Federal law should not 
apply to procurement by the Commission and may waive those laws for 
purposes of the Regulation and Supplement.
    ``(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the Commission may not waive--
            ``(A) section 27 of the Office of Federal Procurement 
        Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 423);
            ``(B) the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 601 et 
        seq.), other than section 10(a) of such Act (41 U.S.C 609(a)); 
        or
            ``(C) civil rights, environmental, or labor laws.
    ``(d) Consultation With Administrator for Federal Procurement 
Policy.--In establishing the Regulation and developing the Supplement, 
the Commission shall consult with the Administrator for Federal 
Procurement Policy.
    ``(e) Effective Date.--The Regulation and the Supplement shall take 
effect on the date of publication in the Federal Register, or January 
1, 1999, whichever is earlier.
                ``panama canal board of contract appeals
    ``Sec. 3102. (a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Commission, shall establish a board of contract 
appeals, to be known as the Panama Canal Board of Contract Appeals, in 
accordance with section 8 of the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 
U.S.C. 607). Except as otherwise provided by this section, the Panama 
Canal Board of Contract Appeals (in this section referred to as the 
`Board') shall be subject to the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 
U.S.C. 601 et seq.) in the same manner as any other agency board of 
contract appeals established under that Act.
    ``(2) The Board shall consist of three members. At least one member 
of the Board shall be licensed to practice law in the Republic of 
Panama. Individuals appointed to the Board shall take an oath of 
office, the form of which shall be prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense.
    ``(b) Exclusive Jurisdiction To Decide Appeals.--Notwithstanding 
section 10(a)(1) of the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 
609(a)(1)) or any other provision of law, the Board shall have 
exclusive jurisdiction to decide an appeal from a decision of a 
contracting officer under section 8(d) of such Act (41 U.S.C. 607(d)).
    ``(c) Exclusive Jurisdiction To Decide Protests.--The Board shall 
decide protests submitted to it under this subsection by interested 
parties in accordance with subchapter V of title 31, United States 
Code. Notwithstanding section 3556 of that title, section 1491(b) of 
title 28, United States Code, and any other provision of law, the Board 
shall have exclusive jurisdiction to decide such protests. For purposes 
of this subsection--
            ``(1) except as provided in paragraph (2), each reference 
        to the Comptroller General in sections 3551 through 3555 of 
        title 31, United States Code, is deemed to be a reference to 
        the Board;
            ``(2) the reference to the Comptroller General in section 
        3553(d)(3)(C)(ii) of such title is deemed to be a reference to 
        both the Board and the Comptroller General;
            ``(3) the report required by paragraph (1) of section 
        3554(e) of such title shall be submitted to the Comptroller 
        General as well as the committees listed in such paragraph;
            ``(4) the report required by paragraph (2) of such section 
        shall be submitted to the Comptroller General as well as 
        Congress; and
            ``(5) section 3556 of such title shall not apply to the 
        Board, but nothing in this subsection shall affect the right of 
        an interested party to file a protest with the appropriate 
        contracting officer.
    ``(d) Procedures.--The Board shall prescribe such procedures as may 
be necessary for the expeditious decision of appeals and protests under 
subsections (b) and (c).
    ``(e) Commencement.--The Board shall begin to function as soon as 
it has been established and has prescribed procedures under subsection 
(d), but not later than January 1, 1999.
    ``(f) Transition.--The Board shall have jurisdiction under 
subsection (b) and (c) over any appeals and protests filed on or after 
the date on which the Board begins to function. Any appeals and 
protests filed before such date shall remain before the forum in which 
they were filed.
    ``(g) Other Functions.--The Board may perform functions similar to 
those described in this section for such other matters or activities of 
the Commission as the Commission may determine and in accordance with 
regulations prescribed by the Commission.''.
SEC. 3542. TRANSACTIONS WITH THE PANAMA CANAL AUTHORITY.
    Section 1342 (22 U.S.C. 3752) is amended--
            (1) by designating the text of the section as subsection 
        (a); and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(b) The Commission may provide office space, equipment, supplies, 
personnel, and other in-kind services to the Panama Canal Authority on 
a nonreimbursable basis.
    ``(c) Any executive department or agency of the United States may, 
on a reimbursable basis, provide to the Panama Canal Authority 
materials, supplies, equipment, work, or services requested by the 
Panama Canal Authority, at such rates as may be agreed upon by that 
department or agency and the Panama Canal Authority.''.
SEC. 3543. TIME LIMITATIONS ON FILING OF CLAIMS FOR DAMAGES.
    (a) Filing of Administrative Claims With Commission.--Sections 
1411(a) (22 U.S.C. 3771(a)) and 1412 (22 U.S.C. 3772) are each amended 
in the last sentence by striking out ``within 2 years after'' and all 
that follows through ``of 1985,'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``within one year after the date of the injury or the date of the 
enactment of the Panama Canal Transition Facilitation Act of 1997,''.
    (b) Filing of Judicial Actions.--The penultimate sentence of 
section 1416 (22 U.S.C. 3776) is amended--
            (1) by striking out ``one year'' the first place it appears 
        and inserting in lieu thereof ``180 days''; and
            (2) by striking out ``claim, or'' and all that follows 
        through ``of 1985,'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``claim or 
        the date of the enactment of the Panama Canal Transition 
        Facilitation Act of 1997,''.
SEC. 3544. TOLLS FOR SMALL VESSELS.
    Section 1602(a) (22 U.S.C. 3792(a)) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking out ``supply ships, 
        and yachts'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``and supply 
        ships''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
        ``Tolls for small vessels (including yachts), as defined by the 
        Commission, may be set at rates determined by the Commission 
        without regard to the preceding provisions of this 
        subsection.''.
SEC. 3545. DATE OF ACTUARIAL EVALUATION OF FECA LIABILITY.
    Section 5(a) of the Panama Canal Commission Compensation Fund Act 
of 1988 (22 U.S.C. 3715c(a)) is amended by striking out ``Upon the 
termination of the Panama Canal Commission'' and inserting in lieu 
thereof ``By March 31, 1998''.
SEC. 3546. APPOINTMENT OF NOTARIES PUBLIC.
    Section 1102a (22 U.S.C. 3612a) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g)(1) The Commission may appoint any United States citizen to 
have the general powers of a notary public to perform, on behalf of 
Commission employees and their dependents outside the United States, 
any notarial act that a notary public is required or authorized to 
perform within the United States. Unless an earlier expiration is 
provided by the terms of the appointment, any such appointment shall 
expire three months after the Canal Transfer Date.
    ``(2) Every notarial act performed by a person acting as a notary 
under paragraph (1) shall be as valid, and of like force and effect 
within the United States, as if executed by or before a duly authorized 
and competent notary public in the United States.
    ``(3) The signature of any person acting as a notary under 
paragraph (1), when it appears with the title of that person's office, 
is prima facie evidence that the signature is genuine, that the person 
holds the designated title, and that the person is authorized to 
perform a notarial act.''.
SEC. 3547. COMMERCIAL SERVICES.
    Section 1102b (22 U.S.C. 3612b) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(e) The Commission may conduct and promote commercial activities 
related to the management, operation, or maintenance of the Panama 
Canal. Any such commercial activity shall be carried out consistent 
with the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977 and related agreements.''.
SEC. 3548. TRANSFER FROM PRESIDENT TO COMMISSION OF CERTAIN REGULATORY 
              FUNCTIONS RELATING TO EMPLOYMENT CLASSIFICATION APPEALS.
    Sections 1221(a) and 1222(a) (22 U.S.C. 3661(a), 3662(a)) are 
amended by striking out ``President'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
``Commission''.
SEC. 3549. ENHANCED PRINTING AUTHORITY.
    Section 1306(a) (22 U.S.C. 3714b(a)) is amended by striking out 
``Section 501'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``Sections 501 through 
517 and 1101 through 1123''.
SEC. 3550. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Clerical Amendments.--The table of contents in section 1 is 
amended--
            (1) by striking out the item relating to section 1210 and 
        inserting in lieu thereof the following:
``Sec. 1210. Air transportation.'';
            (2) by striking out the items relating to sections 1215, 
        1219, and 1225;
            (3) by inserting after the item relating to section 1232 
        the following new item:
``Sec. 1233. Transition separation incentive payments.'';
        and
            (4) by inserting after the item relating to the heading of 
        title III the following:
                        ``Chapter 1--Procurement
``Sec. 3101. Procurement system.
``Sec. 3102. Panama Canal Board of Contract Appeals.''.
    (b) Amendment To Reflect Prior Change in Compensation of 
Administrator.--Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
by striking out the following:
            ``Administrator of the Panama Canal Commission.''.
    (c) Amendments To Reflect Change in Travel and Transportation 
Expenses Authority.--(1) Section 5724(a)(3) of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by striking out ``, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico,'' 
and all that follows through ``Panama Canal Act of 1979'' and inserting 
in lieu thereof ``or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico''.
    (2) Section 5724a(j) of such title is amended--
            (A) by inserting ``and'' after ``Northern Mariana 
        Islands,''; and
            (B) by striking out ``United States, and'' and all that 
        follows through the period at the end and inserting in lieu 
        thereof ``United States.''.
    (3) The amendments made by this subsection shall take effect on 
January 1,1999.
    (d) Miscellaneous Technical Amendments.--
            (1) Section 3(b) (22 U.S.C. 3602(b)) is amended by striking 
        out ``the Canal Zone Code'' and all that follows through 
        ``other laws'' the second place it appears and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``laws of the United States and regulations issued 
        pursuant to such laws''.
            (2)(A) The following provisions are each amended by 
        striking out ``the effective date of this Act'' and inserting 
        in lieu thereof ``October 1, 1979'': sections 3(b), 3(c), 
        1112(b), and 1321(c)(1).
            (B) Section 1321(c)(2) is amended by striking out ``such 
        effective date'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``October 1, 
        1979''.
            (C) Section 1231(c)(3)(A) (22 U.S.C. 3671(c)(3)(A)) is 
        amended by striking out ``the day before the effective date of 
        this Act'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 
        1979''.
            (3) Section 1102a(h), as redesignated by section 3546(1), 
        is amended by striking out ``section 1102B'' and inserting in 
        lieu thereof ``section 1102b''.
            (4) Section 1110(b)(2) (22 U.S.C. 3620(b)(2)) is amended by 
        striking out ``section 16 of the Act of August 1, 1956 (22 
        U.S.C. 2680a),'' and inserting in lieu thereof ``section 207 of 
        the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3927)''.
            (5) Section 1212(b)(3) (22 U.S.C. 3652(b)(3)) is amended by 
        striking out ``as last in effect before the effective date of 
        section 3530 of the Panama Canal Act Amendments of 1996'' and 
        inserting in lieu thereof ``as in effect on September 22, 
        1996''.
            (6) Section 1243(c)(2) (22 U.S.C. 3681(c)(2)) is amended by 
        striking out ``retroactivity'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``retroactively''.
            (7) Section 1341(f) (22 U.S.C. 3751(f)) is amended by 
        striking out ``sections 1302(c)'' and inserting in lieu thereof 
        ``sections 1302(b)''.
                  TITLE XXXVI--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION
SEC. 3601. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
1998, to be available without fiscal year limitation if so provided in 
appropriations Act, for the use of the Department of Transportation for 
the Maritime Administration as follows:
            (1) For expenses necessary for operations and training 
        activities, $70,000,000.
            (2) For expenses under the loan guarantee program 
        authorized by title XI of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936 (46 
        App. U.S.C. 1271 et seq.), $39,000,000 of which--
                    (A) $35,000,000 is for the cost (as defined in 
                section 502(5) of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 
                (2 U.S.C. 661a(5))) of loan guarantees under the 
                program; and
                    (B) $4,000,000 is for administrative expenses 
                related to loan guarantee commitments under the 
                program.
SEC. 3602. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE ANNUAL REPORT REQUIREMENT CONCERNING 
              RELATIVE COST OF SHIPBUILDING IN THE VARIOUS COASTAL 
              DISTRICTS OF THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 213 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936 (46 App. 
U.S.C. 1123), is amended by striking out paragraph (c).
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by striking out ``on--'' in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (a) and inserting in lieu thereof ``on the 
        following:'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (a) and (b) as paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), respectively;
            (3) by striking out the semicolon at the end of each of 
        those paragraphs and inserting in lieu thereof a period; and
            (4) by realigning those paragraphs so as to be indented 2 
        ems from the left margin.
SEC. 3603. PROVISIONS RELATING TO MARITIME SECURITY FLEET PROGRAM.
    (a) Authority of Contractors To Operate Self-Propelled Tank Vessels 
in Noncontiguous Domestic Trades.--Section 656(b) of the Merchant 
Marine Act, 1936 (46 App. U.S.C. 1187e(b)) is amended by inserting 
``(1)'' after ``(b)'', and by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(2) Subsection (a) shall not apply to operation by a contractor 
of a self-propelled tank vessel in a noncontiguous domestic trade, or 
to ownership by a contractor of an interest in a self-propelled tank 
vessel that operates in a noncontiguous domestic trade.''.
    (b) Relief from Delay in Certain Operations Following 
Documentation.--Section 652(c) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936 (46 
U.S.C. 1187a(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``The 
third sentence of section 901(b)(1) shall not apply to a vessel 
included in an operating agreement under this subtitle.''.
SEC. 3604. AUTHORITY TO UTILIZE REPLACEMENT VESSELS AND CAPACITY.
    Section 653(d)(1) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936 (46 App. U.S.C. 
1187c(d)(1)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) a contractor or other person that commits to make 
        available a vessel or vessel capacity under the Emergency 
        Preparedness Program or another primary sealift readiness 
        program approved by the Secretary of Defense may, during the 
        activation of that vessel or capacity under that program, 
        operate or employ in foreign commerce a foreign-flag vessel or 
        foreign-flag vessel capacity as a temporary replacement for the 
        activated vessel or capacity; and''.
SEC. 3605. AUTHORITY TO CONVEY NATIONAL DEFENSE RESERVE FLEET VESSEL.
    (a) Authority To Convey.--The Secretary of Transportation may 
convey all right, title, and interest of the United States Government 
in and to the vessel GOLDEN BEAR (United States official number 239932) 
to the Artship Foundation, located in Oakland, California (in this 
section referred to as the ``recipient''), for use as a multi-cultural 
center for the arts.
    (b) Terms of Conveyance.--
            (1) Delivery of vessel.--In carrying out subsection (a), 
        the Secretary shall deliver the vessel--
                    (A) at the place where the vessel is located on the 
                date of conveyance;
                    (B) in its condition on that date; and
                    (C) at no cost to the United States Government.
            (2) Additional terms.--The Secretary may require such 
        additional terms in connection with the conveyance authorized 
        by this section as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Other Unneeded Equipment.--The Secretary may convey to the 
recipient of the vessel conveyed under this section any unneeded 
equipment from other vessels in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, for 
use to restore the vessel conveyed under this section to museum 
quality.
            Amend the title so as to read: ``A bill to authorize 
        appropriations for fiscal year 1998 for military activities of 
        the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
        defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
        personnel strengths for such fiscal year for the Armed Forces, 
        and for other purposes.''.
		



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