Yanbu' Al Bahr
Yanbu [also spelled Yenbo] is located in western Saudi Arabia on the Red Sea north of Jidda. Yanbu Commercial Port is located on the East coast of Red Sea approximately 460 nautical miles South of Suez Canal and 168 nautical miles North-West of Jeddah. It is a natural harbor sheltered by the mainland to the North and East and by coral reefs to the South and South-East. It is reached by a mile long channel. Yanbu serves as Saudi Arabia's second Red Sea port, after Jidda, and is the main port for Medina, 100 miles (160 km) to the east.
The economy of Yanbu was traditionally based on the pilgrim trade and the export of agricultural products, especially dates. Its harbour is being enlarged and improved to ease the pressure on Jidda, and the city is one terminus of three pipelines built in the 1980s for the delivery of petroleum and petroleum products to a major petrochemical complex at Yanbu. The town has a small airfield and roads extending along the coast and eastward to Medina.
Yanbu Commercial Port is suitable for handling different types of ships including General cargo, Ro - Ro, passenger ships, bulk-cargo etc. The mile-long entry channel is over 200 mtrs wide and ships with beam upto 50 m and LOA of 260 m can safely navigate through this port. Currently the port is accessible to ships of upto 10.36 m draught. Very soon the terminal operator would undertake dredging operations of the harbour to increase the depth to upto 12 m. Yanbu Commercial Port has a large fleet of cargo-handling equipment suitable for handling various types of general cargo, containers, unitized homogeneous cargo,heavy-lifts and dry-bulk cargo.
Yanbu Industrial City occupies a linear coastal site that straddles the highway connecting Jeddah with communities to the northwest. The development area is approximately 24 Kilometers long and 7 Kilometers wide, encompassing approximately 185 square Kilometers in total. The Industrial City of Yanbu functions not only as a prominent port on the Red Sea and as an industrial city but also as a home and community for the inhabitants of the city.
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