Strategic Highway Network (STRAHNET)
In CONUS, units within 1-day (400 miles) of POE normally road march or convoy wheeled vehicles to the POE. For FORSCOM units FORSCOM/ARNG Reg 55-1, provides policy and guidance for public highway use in CONUS and convoy movement control procedures that apply during peacetime, mobilization, and deployment. Procedures for highway movement OCONUS are found in local command regulations and policies.
A convoy is defined as any group of six or more vehicles, temporarily organized to operate as a column, with or without escort, proceeding together under a single commander. During mobilization / deployment, vehicle infiltration is prohibited. When ten or more vehicles per hour are dispatched to the same destination, over the same route, they are also considered a convoy. (Local policy may be more restrictive.) Oversize/overweight vehicles are defined as vehicles with sizes or weights exceeding the legal limitations prescribed by the state, local or HN authorities in which the vehicles are operating.
The Strategic Highway Network (STRAHNET) system of public highways provides access, continuity, and emergency transportation of personnel and equipment in times of peace and war. The 61,000-mile system, designated by the Federal Highway Administration in partnership with DOD, comprises about 45,400 miles of Interstate and defense highways and 15,600 miles of other public highways. STRAHNET is complemented by about 1,700 miles of connectors-additional highway routes linking more than 200 military installations and ports to the network.
The Strategic Highway Network (STRAHNET) is a system of public highways that is a key deterrent in United States strategic policy. It provides defense access, continuity, and emergency capabilities for movements of personnel and equipment in both peace and war. Most large military convoys use the Strategic Highway Network. These routes connect military bases to the interstate highway network and include over 15,000 miles of roadway nationally. STRAHNET roadways are those which would be used for the rapid mobilization and deployment of armed forces in the event of war or peacekeeping activity.
In 1981, as DOD's designated agent for the Highways for National Defense Program, the Military Traffic Management Command Transportation Engineering Agency (MTMCTEA) prepared a comprehensive update of these defense-important routes, formally identified as STRAHNET. In March 1985 MTMCTEA published MTMC Report TE 82-4b-29, STRAHNET Connector Atlas. The report documented the first systematic evaluation of the connecting roads between STRAHNET and the origins and destinations for defense traffic. It included 31 Army installations and 21 related ports.
Fort Hood is home to 50,000 personnel and seven miles of motor pools filled with combat power that must be able to deploy effectively to perform missions around the world. In 2001 a new STRAHNET was established between Fort Hood and Corpus Christi, however, such designation doesn't guarantee funding. The port of Beaumont has been the positional port of deployment for Fort Hood and remains an important element for its deployments, US 190 from the Texas trunk system and as such is designed for four-lane divided status. A four-lane US 190 and Texas 30 linking to US 69 and 287 will provide an excellent deployment route to the port of Beaumont. The No. 1 priority for the governor of Louisiana of this military advisory board is expanding Louisiana to four lanes between England Air Park outside of Alexandria and Leesville in Fort Polk. Next is to reach the airport at Beaumont.
STRAHNET Connectors (about 1,700 miles) are additional highway routes linking over 200 important military installations and ports to STRAHNET. These routes are typically used when moving personnel and equipment during a mobilization or deployment. Generally, these routes end at the port boundary or installation gate. However, if the installation gate that is used for mobilization or deployment is usually closed, then the STRAHNET Connector should be designated as the route between the primary peacetime gate and STRAHNET. While installations may have multiple access/egress routes, the STRAHNET Connector is generally the most direct and highest functional class roadway.
As the Department of Defense (DOD) designated agent for public highway matters, the Military Traffic Management Command Transportation Engineering Agency (MTMCTEA) is the proponent for STRAHNET and STRAHNET Connectors. MTMCTEA identified STRAHNET and the Connector routes in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the State transportation departments, the military Services and installations, and the ports. Together, STRAHNET and the Connectors define the total minimum defense public highway network needed to support a defense emergency.
The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 and the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 provided for inclusion of STRAHNET and important STRAHNET Connectors in the 160,955-mile National Highway System (NHS). The primary Connector routes for the Priority 1 and 2 installations and ports are included in the NHS. Federal oversight will ensure optimum maintenance levels for the NHS, thus assuring that the roads can support an emergency deployment. With DOD's current emphasis on continental US-based military units, the NHS will play an increasingly important role in new deployment scenarios.
MTMCTEA's primary concern is deployment of the military forces from the Power Projection Platform (PPP) installations (which are DOD's critical installations and are all Priority 1 facilities) to their respective sea ports of embarkation. This is also the primary objective of FHWA's National Security Strategic Goal. The secondary concern is deployment from the Power Support Platform (PSP) installations (which are DOD's important Priority 1 installations which support the PPPs). Therefore, regarding how the States and FHWA Divisions should address road improvements as it relates to the installation and port priorities, improvements should be given to the PPP facilities, the PSP facilities, followed by the remaining Priority 1 facilities, and then the Priority 2 facilities. Bridge capability, pavement condition, and congestion are specific issues that should be addressed.
In addition to the strategic requirement of public highways, MTMCTEA is also concerned about the traffic safety issues associated with highways providing access to these installations. It is imperative that the number of fatalities and injury and personal property accidents affecting military personnel are reduced. Therefore, the States and FHWA Divisions should also be cognizant of the need to identify traffic safety issues on military important roads and program the appropriate corrective measures.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|