NAS JRB Fort Worth
As part of the Base Realignment and Closure Commission's decision of 1993, Naval Air Station Dallas was relocated to the previous site of Carswell Air Force Base, Fort Worth, Texas. The new base is named NAS Fort Worth, Joint Reserve Base (JRB) at Carswell.
When commissioned on 1 October 1994, this installation was the first Joint Service Reserve Base in the United States. It occupies the site and most of the facilities of the former Carswell AFB, an Air Force bomber/tanker installation selected for closure under the 1991 BRAC round.
Some significant upgrades were necessary to prepare it for its new role as a Joint Reserve Base. In particular, DON commissioned a radar equipped ATC facility 55 to serve the base. This facility has been delegated limited airspace by the FAA Dallas/Ft. Worth TRACON to manage radar traffic pattern and final approach operations. Additional airfield support systems were commissioned, including Fresnel lens, FCLP marking and lights, and a marked and lighted assault landing strip for the tenant 136 th Airlift Wing, Texas Air National Guard.
The base, under the oversight of the Commander Naval Air Reserve Forces, now hosts a variety of fighter/attack and airlift units from the reserve components of Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force. Airfield operating procedures and equipment (e.g., PAR and ILS) reflect a combination of service requirements, although as the operators of the local ATC system, DON imposes Navy procedures as the operations standard.
NAS JRB Fort Worth units schedule a variety of airspace. The key area for fighter operations is the Brownwood MOA. This area, originally developed to serve COMNAVAIRRESFOR squadrons stationed at NAS Dallas, now serves as the primary airspace resource for all fighter/attack units assigned to NAS JRB Fort Worth. It is scheduled by the NAS Operations Department; consolidated scheduling was evaluated for a period of time and the decision made to return this area to the Navy for scheduling. Nevertheless, user comments indicate that access to the area is allocated to its several users on a fair and equitable basis.
The recent decision to join the Brady and Brownwood MOAs will provide additional maneuver airspace for AIC/ACM training. When scheduled concurrently, these areas enable numerous aircraft from several units to participate in joint fighter/bomber training exercises. Brownwood MOA is the subject of an innovative test to improve the dissemination of SUA status information to non-participating aircraft. This test, conducted to address action items in meeting FAA Free Flight planning commitments, will use a combination of recently deployed airspace scheduling and reporting systems, including the FAA SAMS and DoD MAMS. The trials' intent is to provide more accurate ("near real-time") area status via the Internet to civil users, especially to regional air carriers particularly affected by required rerouting around Brownwood MOA. Should the test and the technology prove successful and cost-effective, the result could address long-standing civil dissatisfaction with the quality and timeliness of FAA-distributed SUA status information. In particular, such functionality may be appropriate for incorporation into the next generation of Automated Flight Service Station modernization equipment.
NAS JRB Fort Worth originated in 1941 as Tarrant Field Airdrome. The airdrome became Fort Worth Army Air Field on January 2, 1942, following the attack on Pearl Harbor. The airfield was renamed Carswell Air Force Base in 1948, to honor Fort Worth native Major Horace S. Carswell, Jr. Carswell Air Force Base was one of the first Strategic Air Command bases and was also the site for filming the James Stewart classic "Strategic Air Command."
Under the 1991 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC '91) Commission, Carswell Air Force Base closed on September 30, 1993. SAC had disestablished in 1992, concluding 46 years at Carswell. On October 1, 1993, the 301st Fighter Wing assumed base responsibilities establishing Carswell as an Air Reserve Base.
Under BRAC '93, a new concept of joint reserve operations was born. Naval Air Station, Dallas and its tenants along with units from Naval Air Station Glenview and Memphis would be relocated to Carswell Field.
On October 1, 1994, the Navy established itself as the host command, renaming the 1,805 acre base Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base, Fort Worth, also retaining the name Carswell Field. Two U.S. Marine Corps squadrons and a small contingent of Navy personnel had permanently relocated at that time. All moves are expected to be complete by 1998.
Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base, Fort Worth, under the operational command of the Commander, Naval Reserve Force, is a joint defense facility which plays a pivotal role in training and equipping air crews and aviation ground support personnel. The Navy Fort Worth "team" ensures reservists receive quality training in preparation for mobilization readiness; here to serve the reservists, tenants, and surrounding communities while accomplishing its primary purpose of defense readiness for America.
Despite its name, Fort Worth was never a fort. The former camp was named after General William J. Worth, who fought in the Mexican War. After initial slow growth in the 1870's (due to problems with expansion of the railroad system into the area), the citizens rallied together to build the city into the cultural and industrial center it is today.
Fort Worth is the epitome of the the Texas "Cowtown". Cattle are still an important industry, and longhorn herds can occasionally be glimpsed from the road. Cowboys and cowgirls still mix with suited business people downtown, and the Stockyards area is, appropriately, the center of culture in the city, flanked by numerous museums, artistic centers, and theaters.
Money magazine ranked Fort Worth #1 on its 1998 list of the South's most livable places. Fort Worth was ranked #9 on a list of metropolitan areas with 1 million or more in population and was the higest rated city in Texas. Dallas was No. 10. Money magazine noted that Fort Worth's cost of living, including housing and utilities, and unemployment rate are lower than the national average. The city ranked high on 37 "livability factors" including clean water, low crime, clean air, good public schools and low property taxes.
Fort Worth is a true study in contrasts. It is a large city with a small hometown feel, combining the best aspects of the cowpoke heritage with the benefits of big-city life. The inhabitants are friendly, yet sophisticated, equally at home in a honky-tonk or a Rembrandt exhibition. Commercial areas are filled with numerous businesses, many in high rises, while scenic ranches and farmland spread out along the horizon. For a taste of high culture, visit Dallas. For scenic vistas, drive through East or Southwest Texas. For both, come to Fort Worth. Welcome home.
Secretary of Defense Recommendations: Close Naval Air Station Atlanta, GA. As a result, JRB Fort Worth received several of NAS Atlanta's relocations. DoD would relocate Atlanta's aircraft and necessary personnel, equipment and support to several Air Stations, including Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth. It also recommended to relocate depot maintenance Aircraft Components, Aircraft Engines, Fabrication and Manufacturing, and Support Equipment in support of F/A-18, C-9 and C-12 aircraft to Fleet Readiness Center West Site Fort Worth at NAS JRB Fort Worth. DoD claimed that with these recommendations, the aviation assets would be located closer to their theaterof operations and/or would result in increased maintenance efficiencies and operational synergies. Fort Worth was in Serious Non-attainment for Ozone (1-Hour), which might require an Air Conformity Determination as part of these relocations.
Close Naval Support Activity New Orleans, LA. As a result, it recommended to relocate 8th Marine Corps District to NAS JRB Fort Worth. The relocation of 8th Marine Corps District to NAS JRB Fort Worth would move this management organization within their geographic area of responsibility. It would also place them at a major transportation node with reduced average distance to managed recruiting stations. The environmental concerns regarding this recommendation were identical to the concerns mentioned above.
In another recommendation, DoD recommended to realign Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth by consolidating Navy Reserve Readiness Command South with Naval Reserve Readiness Command Midwest at Naval Station Great Lakes, IL. This recommendation would enhance the Navy's long-standing initiative to accomplish common management and support on a regionalized basis, by consolidating and collocating reserve readiness commands with the installation management Regions. This collocation would also align management concepts and efficiencies and would ensure a reserve voice at each region as well as enablle future savings through consolidation of like functions. This recommendation would result in an increase in the average military value for the remaining Naval Reserve Readiness Commands and would ensure that each of the installation management Regions had an organization to manage reserve matters within the region. Assuming no economic recovery, this recommendation could result in a maximum potential reduction of 95 jobs (59 direct jobs and 36 indirect jobs) over the 2006-2011 period in the Fort Worth-Arlington, TX, Metropolitan Division (less than 0.1 percent).
DoD would also realign Will Rogers AGS by distributing the 137th Airlift Wing's C-130H aircraft to the 136th Airlift Wing (ANG), NAS JRB Fort Worth (4 aircraft), and 139th Airlift Wing (ANG), Rosecrans Memorial Airport AGS, MO (4 aircraft). In addition, the aerial port squadron at Will Rogers would move to NAS JRB Fort Worth. This realignment would create two larger C-130 squadrons at Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth (53) and Rosecrans Air Guard Station (114) from three under sized squadrons.
In its 2005 BRAC Recommendations, DoD recommended to realign Nashville International Airport (IAP) AGS, TN. The Aeromedical Squadron from Nashville would move to NAS JRB Fort Worth.
In another Recommendation, DoD recommended to realign Hill AFB. It would distribute the 419th Fighter Wing F-16s to the 301st Fighter Wing, NAS JRB Fort Worth, TX (nine aircraft) and another installation. In the same recommendation, DoD recommended to realign NAS JRB Fort Worthby relocating base-level F110 engine intermediate maintenance to Hill AFB, establishing a CIRF for F110 engines at Hill.
Secretary of Defense Justification: The first recommendation regarding NAS Atlanta reduces excess capacity while maintaining reserve forces in regions with favorable demographics. The aviation assets will be located closer to their theater of operations and/or will result in increased maintenance efficiencies and operational synergies. Relocating Reserve Intelligence Area 14 to Fort Gillem creates synergies with joint intelligence assets while maintaining the demographic base offered by the Atlanta area for this function. The Fleet Readiness Center portion of this recommendation realigns and merges depot and intermediate maintenance activities. It supports both DoD and Navy transformation goals by reducing the number of maintenance levels and streamlining the way maintenance is accomplished with associated significant cost reductions.
Community Concerns: There were no formal expressions from the community of Fort Worth regarding the Secretary's recommendation concerning NAS Atlanta.
Commission Findings: The Commission found no reason to disagree with the recommendation of the Secretary of Defense. However, the original cost savings were overstated because of incorrect data submitted by Naval Air Station Atlanta. Consequently, the cost data was revised by the Department of Defense and recertified.
Commission Recommendations: The Commission found the Secretary's recommendation consistent with the final selection criteria and the Force Structure Plan. Therefore, the Commission approves the recommendation of the Secretary.
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