Military


Charleston AFB, South Carolina

Charleston AFB, home of the 437th Airlift Wing, is located about 10 miles from downtown Charleston on approximately 3400 acres of land within the North Charleston city limits. The 437th Airlift Wing is part of the Air Mobility Command (AMC) and is aligned under 21st Air Force at McGuire AFB, NJ.

With United States' entry into World War II on December 8, 1941, Army Air Forces (AAF) units deployed to Charleston airport within several days to establish coastal defense operations. The need to use the airport indefinitely resulted in the city signing a lease with the War Department on March 23, 1942, whereby the AAF gained full control of the facility. It was not until October 22, 1942, that the AAF officially named the airport as Charleston Army Air Base. This designation remained until June 5, 1943, when the base was renamed Charleston Army Air Field. On June 1, 1953, the Air Force officially named its facility as Charleston Air Force Base. In January 1966, the 437th Military Airlift Wing (redesignated as the 437th Airlift Wing on October 1, 1991) was activated at Charleston Air Force Base and assumed host unit responsibilities from the inactivated 1608th ATW. The 437th has remained the host unit since that time. Since 1952, the base has seen substantial growth. At the end of Fiscal Year 1991, the base's capital assets, valued at more than $430 million, consisted of 6,235 acres with two runways at Charleston Air Force Base and two runways at North Auxiliary Air Field located 60 miles northwest of the base at the town of North, South Carolina.

BRAC 2005

In another recommendation, DoD would realign Naval Weapons Station Charleston, SC, by relocating the installation management functions to Charleston AFB, SC.

All installations employed military, civilian, and contractor personnel to perform common functions in support of installation facilities and personnel. All installations executed these functions using similar or near similar processes. Because these installations shared a common boundary with minimal distance between the major facilities or are in near proximity, there was significant opportunity to reduce duplication of efforts with resulting reduction of overall manpower and facilities requirements capable of generating savings, which would be realized by paring unnecessary management personnel and achieving greater efficiencies through economies of scale. Intangible savings would be expected to result from opportunities to consolidate and optimize existing and future service contract requirements. Additional opportunities for savings would also be expected to result from establishment of a single space management authority capable of generating greater overall utilization of facilities and infrastructure. Further savings would be expected to result from opportunities to reduce and correctly size both owned and contracted commercial fleets of base support vehicles and equipment consistent with the size of the combined facilities and supported populations. Regional efficiencies achieved as a result of Service regionalization of installation management would provide additional opportunities for overall savings as the designated installations are consolidated under regional management structures.

The quantitative military value score of Charleston AFB compared to that of Naval Weapons Station Charleston was too close to be the sole factor for determining the receiving installation for installation management functions. Military judgment favored Charleston AFB as the receiving installation for the installation management functions because of its mission in support of operational forces compared to Naval Weapons Station Charleston, which had a primary mission to support training and industrial activities. As an installation accustomed to supporting operational forces, it was the military judgment of the JCSG that Charleston AFB would be better able to perform those functions for both locations. Assuming no economic recovery, this recommendation could result in a maximum potential reduction of 657 jobs (264 direct jobs and 393 indirect jobs) over the 2006-2011 period in the Charleston-North Charleston, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area (0.2 percent).



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