Central Training Area
Camp Hansen is the largest training range in Okinawa where live firing exercises are conducted. Because brush fires occur within the facility and shells fall outside the facility inadvertently, it is one of the most dangerous facilities on Okinawa. Therefore, it creates anxiety among the residents in the surrounding area. In the center of the facility are barracks, a hospital, bank, and entertainment facilities.
The United States and Japan released the Final Report of the Special Action Committee on Okinawa on December 2, 1996. The report made 27 recommendations to reduce the impact of the US military presence on the Okinawan people. The 3rd Marine Division's artillery live-fire exercises have been relocated from the Central Training Area on Okinawa to the Kita-Fuji, Higashi-Fuji, Ojojihara, Yausubetsu, and Hijudai training ranges on the Japanese mainland. Prior to the SACO Final Report, the 3rd Marine Division was already conducting 60 to 80 days of artillery live-fire exercises at the two Fuji ranges. Under the SACO relocation, another 35 days of training will be split among the five ranges. Japan has agreed to pay transportation costs to the artillery ranges and wants to use Japanese commercial airliners for this purpose. The III Marine Expeditionary Force believes the training at the five ranges is comparable to that available on Okinawa and other ranges in the United States.
The Central Training Area is home to a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) facility.
The 3d Force Service Support Group was activated on May 1, 1958. Under the auspices of the 3d Marine Division's force service regiment, the group saw battle in Vietnam in both 1965 and 1966. The 3d FSSG consists of seven distinct battalions. The HQ & SVC BN has been on island since its activation in June 1955. The Camp Hansen based unit was created from a combination of several other complimentary elements previously a part of III MEF.
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