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Camp Guernsey, Wyoming

Camp Guernsey is a brigade-sized site that offers year-round training opportunities. Its primary mission is to provide a major training area and logistic support for Wyoming Army and Air National Guard units. Secondarily, it hosts other National Guard, Reserve, and Active military units. Emphasis is on field artillery training, but facilities are also available for infantry, engineer, aviation, maintenance, and medical units.

Camp Guernsey continues to grow with regard to its use. During 1999, 5,104 individuals spent one or more days at Camp Guernsey. Man-days recorded were 1,459. Fifteen states and 129 different units were represented along with the Royal Air Force from Great Britain, which sent 15 personnel for 25 days of training. The Combined Vehicle Maintenance Facility at Camp Guernsey was approximately 90 percent complete as of late 1999, and was within budget and on schedule. The Camp Guernsey fuel point was nearly 63 percent complete and was scheduled for completion in the fall.

Camp Guernsey, established in 1939, is located on the North Platte River in southeastern Wyoming, approximately 129 km (80 miles) north of Cheyenne and 145 km (90 miles) southeast of Casper. The installation comprises several scattered pieces of land, most of which fall into the North Training Area, South Training Area, and Cantonment, totaling 14,169 hectares (35,000 acres). Elevations range from 1,300 m (4,264 feet) in the South Training Area to 1,603 m (5,258 feet) on Baldy Mountain. Camp Guernsey is characterized by rolling hills, steep canyons, rock outcrops, and intermittent streams draining toward the North Platte River.

Climate data (81-year averages) were compiled from Wheatland, 40 km (25 miles) northeast of Camp Guernsey. Mean annual precipitation is 39.6 cm (13 inches), with the April, May, and June the wettest months. Spring precipitation in 1995 was more than twice the average, which provided optimal conditions for plant growth and flowering that year. Mean minimum monthly temperature is lowest in January (-2C, 28F); mean maximum temperature is highest in July (36C, 96F).

The variable soils and their properties (depth, water holding capacity, salinity, infiltration rates) at Camp Guernsey are reflected in the landscape in vegetation patterns (Knight 1994). Mixed-grass prairie and conifer woodlands are by far the most common vegetation types on the installation, with the boundaries between the two often abrupt. Other vegetation types are less common but often have unique floristic components.

Soils are predominantly torriothents (dry, alkaline Entisols) and calciorthids (Aridisols developed on limestone parent material). Erosion potential varies greatly, dependent largely on slope steepness.

 



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