Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant
Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant (Lone Star) is an active, government-owned contractor-operated industrial facility situated on approximately 15,546-acres 12 miles west of Texarkana, Texas in Bowie County. The Red River Army Depot (RRAD) is adjacent to Lone Star on the west and south. Located 11 miles from Texarkana, TX, Lone Star AAP includes 882 buildings on more than 15,000 acres. In 2005, DoD recommended to close Lone Star AAP as part of its 2005 BRAC Recommendations (see below for details).
The plant loads, assembles, and packs primers, fuzes, grenades, boosters, bursters, detonators, and tracers, as well as ammunition items ranging from mortars to 155-mm projectiles. The contractor is Day & Zimmerman, Inc. Other tenants of the facility include Arkansas Hardwood and American Dehydrated Foods.
Approximately 80 percent of the 15,546-acres consists of undeveloped, wooded areas. Nearby communities include Hooks (1990 Census population 2,789) and Leary (population 420) to the north, and Redwater (population 862) and Maud (population 1,062) to the south. Other nearby communities include New Boston (population 5,000) Texarkana, Arkansas (population 23,000) and Texarkana, Texas (population 33,000). Within one-mile of the site boundaries the total population is estimated to be 5,360 people. Approximately 450 persons are employed at Lone Star.
Prior to acquisition by the Army, the land that comprises both Lone Star and RRAD was used for farming, grazing, and timber production. The construction on Lone Star AAP began in August 1941, at a cost of $45.5 million. The Lone Star Defense Corporation, a subsidiary of the B.F. Goodrich Company, was the prime contractor for this construction. The Red River Ordnance Depot, adjacent to Lone Star, was constructed at the same time. The construction of both facilities began in 1941 and military activities on Lone Star began in the summer of 1942. Lone Star produced munitions and RRAD shipped and stored the munitions. Munitions training of troops also took place on RRAD. These activities continued until November 1945, when Lone Star and RRAD were combined and designated as the Red River Arsenal, with a joint mission of demilitarization and renovation. In 1945, the two installations were combined and renamed Red River Arsenal.
From 1945 to 1950, the Lone Star Unit demilitarized ammunition.
The joint mission continued until early 1951, when Lone Star actively resumed production of munitions, and RRAD resumed shipping and storing munitions and also started maintaining vehicles. In 1951, the two facilities were separated. Day & Zimmerman, Inc., became the contractor-operator. The plant began production once more, this time in support of the Korean War, and additional facilities were constructed at Lone Star. Production cutbacks began immediately after the Korean War ended in 1953 and continued through 1960. Most of the areas and facilities at both installations were inactive during this period.
Activity increased again between 1961 and 1968 for the Vietnam War, which lasted from 1964 to 1975. The plant underwent modernization in the 1960s and some construction and modernization in the 1970s and 1980s. However, production has gradually declined from early 1969 to the present.
Lone Star, under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army Armament, Munitions and Chemical Command (AMCCOM), performs and maintains the various functions necessary to load, assemble, and pack ammunition for the Army. It consists of an administration area, 13 production load lines, seven storage areas, maintenance shops, a railroad classification yard, a sewage treatment plant, demolition areas, a high explosives burning ground, landfills, and a fire fighting pumping station.
In its 2005 BRAC Recommendations, DoD recommended to close Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant (AAP), TX. It would relocate the Storage and Demilitarization functions to McAlester AAP, IL; the 105MM and 155MM ICM Artillery, MLRS Artillery, Hand Grenades, 60MM and 81MM Mortars functions to Milan AAP, TN; Mines and Detonators/Relays/Delays functions to Iowa AAP, IA; Demolition Charges functions to Crane Army Ammunition Activity (AAA), IN. Capacity and capability for Artillery, Mortars, Missiles, Pyro/Demo, and Storage existed at numerous munitions sites. There were 8 sites producing Artillery, 5 producing Mortars, 9 producing Pyro-Demo, 15 performing storage, and 13 performing Demilitarization. To reduce redundancy and remove excess from the Industrial Base, the closure would allow DoD to create centers of excellence, avoid single point failure, and generate efficiencies. Goal is to establish multi-functional sites performing Demilitarization, Production, Maintenance, and Storage. Lone Star primarily performed only one of the 4 functions.
The total estimated one-time cost to the Department of Defense to implement this recommendation would be $29.0M. The net of all costs and savings to the Department during the implementation period would be a cost of $4.7M. Annual recurring savings to the Department after implementation would be $17.3M with a payback expected within 1 year. The Net Present Value of the costs and savings to the Department over 20 years would be a savings of $164.2M. Assuming no economic recovery, this recommendation could result in a maximum potential reduction of 229 jobs (149 direct jobs and 80 indirect jobs) over the period of 2006-2011 in the Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area (0.3 percent). Environmentally, surveys and consultation with the State Historic Preservation Officer would be required at Lone Star to ensure protection of cultural resources. Remediation of munitions contaminants on three operational ranges might be required at Lone Star. Continued management and/or deed restrictions at Lone Star might be necessary to ensure future protection of federally listed species. Restoration, monitoring/sweeps, access controls, and/or deed restrictions might be required to prevent disturbance and health/safety risks and/or long-term release of toxins to environmental media. Restoration and/or monitoring of contaminated media might be required after closure in order to prevent significant long-term impacts to the environment. Lone Star had an industrial wastewater treatment plan that may require closure. This recommendation would require spending approximately $5.4M for environmental compliance activities. This cost was included in the payback calculation. Lone Star reported approximately $2.7M in environmental restoration costs. Because the Department of Defense has a legal obligation to perform environmental restoration regardless of whether an installation is closed, realigned, or remains open, this cost was not included in the payback calculation.
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