Military


CG 69 Vicksburg
"Key to Victory"

The shield's dark blue and gold are the colors traditionally associated with the United States Navy. Red is emblematic of sacrifice and valor. The blue and gray of the shield recall the two sides involved in the Civil War. The four sections underscore July 4, 1863, the date of the confederate surrender at Vicksburg, MS. The Naval sword and musket, crossed to express strength, signify the teamwork and the joint operations of the land and sea forces at Vicksburg when the Union Navy transported General Ulysses S. Grant's Army inland under fire. The annulet symbolizes General Grant's siege of the city by closing the ring on the Confederate forces to win the battle. The vertical missile symbolizes the firepower of the current cruiser, USS Vicksburg (CG 69). The border simulates the armor plates of the Civil War gunboats and the part they played in the battle; the seventeen black cannon balls pay tribute to the Union's 17th Army Corps Commander who was victorious at Vicksburg, and was appointed Commander of the Vicksburg District on July 4, 1863.

In the crest, the American eagle in flight symbolizes the reunification of the states involved in the Civil War. The eagle carries a streamer containing the two battle stars of the previous cruiser, USS Vicksburg (CL 86), received for service in World War II. The key held in the eagle's right talon represents President Abraham Lincoln's statement that ".Vicksburg is the key.the war can never be brought to a close until that key is in our pocket." The trident in the eagle's left talon is symbolic of a sea power with its three tines representing the anti-air, anti-surface, and anti-submarine warfare capabilities of the present guided missile cruiser, USS Vicksburg (CG 69). The trident also honors the previous ships named "VICKSBURG". The embattled wall above the wavy lines recalls the high fortresses of the city of Vicksburg along the east bank of the Mississippi River, and also represents defense, strength, and the combat capabilities of USS Vicksburg (CG 69).

The ship's Motto is "Key to Victory".

Built by Ingalls Shipbuilding, at Pascagoula, MS, the USS Vicksburg's keel was laid on May 30, 1990 and she was launched on September 7, 1991. The USS Vicksburg is sponsored by Tricia Lott, wife of the Honorable Trent Lott, United States Senator, Mississippi. The christening is a significant milestone in the service of a ship as it is the moment when the ship receives a name and begins to emerge as more than an inanimate object. On October 12, 1991, Mrs. Lott christened CG 69 as "VICKSBURG". She was commissioned on November 14, 1992.

The mission of USS Vicksburg is to be prepared to conduct prompt, sustained combat operations at sea in support of national policy. To operate with aircraft carrier battle groups in extreme threat environments, providing primary anti-air protection for the battle group. To detect, classify and track hundreds of potential targets simultaneously in the air, on the surface and under the sea. To destroy hostile targets using a variety of weapons: surface-to-air and surface to surface missiles, ship and air-launched torpedoes, deck guns, rapid-fire close-in weapons, and electronic jammers and decoys.

The USS Vicksburg was one of the original ships assigned to operated in the Caribbean starting on October 15, 1993, in support of enforcing U.N. sanctions against Haiti. It was later replaced, so as to allow it to resume its previously scheduled assignment.

On her six month maiden deployment to the Mediterranean and Adriatic seas as a part of the USS Saratoga joint task group, the USS Vicksburg operated as "redcrown" cruiser, an airspace deconfliction and command and control platform, in support of United Nations operations "Deny Flight", "sharp Guard" and "Provide Promise" off the coast of Montenegro. In May 1994, the USS Vicksburg participated, as part of the USS Saratoga (CV 60) Battle Group, in the major annual spring NATO exercise "Dynamic Impact 94", a conventional major NATO exercise for maritime, amphibious, land based air and ground forces in the central and western Mediterranean area. The exercise was being held in the Western mediterranean.

The USS Vicksburg was on station in the Florida Straits in August 1994 for Operation Able Vigil. While deployed, the USS Vicksburg was tasked with providing support to the interdicting and transporting Cuban migrants in the Florida Straits to U.S. Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and assisting the U.S. Coast Guard which had the primary responsibility for Operation Able Vigil.

As a precautionary measure, in September 1996, the USS Vicksburg was one of 13 Navy ships homeported at Naval Station Mayport, and sent to sea to avoid Hurricane Fran.

The USS Vicksburg left its homeport on April 29, 1997 for a six-month overseas deployment as the USS John F. Kennedy (CV 67) Battle Group (CVBG) to relieve the USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) CVBG, which had been operating in the Mediterranean Sea, Adriatic Sea, Red Sea and Persian Gulf. The USS John F. Kennedy (CV 67) Battle Group deployed in support of Operation Deliberate Guard and Operation Southern Watch. As part of that battle group, the USS VIcksburg tooke part, in July, in the 6th Fleet exercise Invitex involving 12 nations, and from September 23-October 7, in NATO'S Exercise Dynamic Mix. That exercise placed John F. Kennedy Battle Group units on opposing sides and was designed to increase task force and unit readiness as forces implemented NATO strategy and doctrine.

In 1998, the USS Vicksburg (CG 69) experienced significant problems with AEGIS Baseline 6.1 and CEC 2.0 integration, which forced re-scheduling its deployments and caused a major rework of these computer programs.

The USS Vicksburg took part in U.S. Baltic Operations (BALTOPS) '99 in the Western Baltic Seain mid-1999. The exercise included 53 ships, submarines and aircraft from European allies and Partnership for Peace (PfP) nations Poland, Germany, France, United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Finland, Latvia, Sweden, Denmark, Estonia, Lithuania and the United States.

In the fall of 1999, the USS Vicksburg (CG 69), participated solely in the modernized phase of the 40th annual UNITAS deployment to South America. During that deployment, it served as Flagship for the Commander, South Atlantic Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, and Commander, Destroyer Squadron Six. The 40th UNITAS was a three-week exercise was hosted by Brazil and included 23 ships from six countries, including the host, the United States, Argentina, Uruguay, Portugal and Spain.

The USS Vicksburg took part in September 2000 in Underway No. 10", one in a series of tests leading to the Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) Operation Evaluation (OPEVAL) scheduled for Spring 2001. The CEC system provides the capability to cooperatively engage targets by a warship using data from other CEC-equipped ships, aircraft, and land-based sensors, even in an electronic-jamming environment. It also provides a common, consistent and highly accurate air picture, allowing battle group defenses to act as one seamless system. The test, off Wallops Island, VA, simulated missile firings from some of the Navy's most technically advanced ships against unmanned drones.

From February 9, 2001, to March 2, 2001, the USS Vicksburg took part in a technical evaluation (TECHEVAL) to test whether the Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) was on track to a successful Operational Evaluation (OPEVAL) in April and May of 2001. The TECHEVAL was conducted in two phases, the first off the coast of Puerto Rico and the second off Wallops Island, Va. The tests included live missile firings and tracking exercises from some of the Navy's most technically advanced ships.

As part of the USS GEORGE WASHINGTON (CVN 73) Carrier Battle Group (CVBG), and in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the USS Vicksburg set sail in support of defense and humanitarian efforts off the coast of New York.

The USS Vicksburg, as part of the John F. Kennedy (CV 67) Battle Group (CVBG) participated in Joint Task Force Exercise (JTFEX) 02-1, with Phase I of the exercise running from January 19 through 26, 2002, and Phase II running from February 7-14.

The USS Vicksburg deployed as part of the USS John F. Kennedy Battlegroup, which relieved on March 8, 2002, the USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) Carrier Battle Group, in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. The USS Vicksburg (CG 69) was tasked with helping protect the USS John F. Kennedy (CV 67) from threats in the sky, on the surface, or underwater.

USS Vicksburg (CG 69) and its embarked Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron, Light (HSL) 42, Det. 8 returned to Mayport on Dec. 17, 2004.

The first USS Vicksburg

The first USS Vicksburg, a wooden steamer built in 1863 at Mystic, CT, was purchased by the Navy on October 20, 1863, and commissioned at the New York Navy Yard on December 2, 1863. As part of her first assignment, Vicksburg took up station off New Jersey to "detain for inspection" all commercial ships outbound from Staten Island, NY. She also blockaded Wilmington, NC, and regions of the South Carolina coast.

While deployed on patrol and reconnaissance duty off Wilmington, Vicksburg assisted in the capture of the new, steel-hulled, blockade-running British steamer BAT off the Cape Fear River. On December 26, she assisted in covering the evacuation of troops after the unsuccessful first attack upon Fort Fisher.

With the end of the Civil War in April 1865, Vicksburg was decommissioned at the New York Navy Yard on April 29, and sold at auction to C. C. & H. Cable on July 12. She was documented for merchant service on August 7, 1865. Her name last appeared on lists of merchant vessels in the autumn of 1868.

USS Vicksburg (Gunboat NR 11)

The second USS Vicksburg (Gunboat NR 11) was laid down in March, 1896 at Bath, ME, by Bath Iron Works, and launched on December 5, 1896. She was placed in commission at the Portsmouth Navy Yard in New Hampshire on October 23, 1897. Vicksburg stood off Chesapeake Bay on April 26, 1998 to join Rear Admiral William T. Sampson's North Atlantic Fleet in blockading the Northern coast of Cuba during the start of the Spanish-American War. During her patrolling, Vicksburg captured three blockade runners and came under fire from Cuban shore batteries. Returning to Boston, MA in May, 1899, Vicksburg was decommissioned. Recommissioned for duty during the Philippine Insurrection in May, 1900, she remained in the Far East until 1904. Renamed ALEXANDER HAMILTON, she became a Coast Guard training ship in 1922, and was decommissioned and scrapped on March 28, 1946.

USS Vicksburg (CL 86)

The third USS Vicksburg was first commissioned as USS Cheyenne (CL 86) whose keel was laid down on October 26, 1942 at Newport News, VA, but exactly one month later she was renamed USS Vicksburg (CL 86). A light cruiser, she was launched on December 14, 1943, and commissioned at the Norfolk Navy Yard on June 12, 1944. Captain William C. Vose, USN, was her first Commanding Officer. Vicksburg left Norfolk in August, bound for the Marianas and her baptism of fire---the bombardment of Iwo Jima. Arriving in February, 1945, Vicksburg's 6-inch guns opened fire from a range of 12,000 yards, shelling enemy installations on the northern end of the island. Vicksburg remained off Iwo Jima, providing support for landings and then headed for Ulithi. On March 18, a Japanese "Betty" made a torpedo attack on the cruiser while the ship was in the middle of a tight emergency turn. The torpedo churned by the bow about 35 yards ahead of the ship and proceeded parallel to the cruiser's port side. At 0715, a Japanese plane dived toward USS WASP (CV 18) and scored one bomb hit. Vicksburg opened fire on the enemy plane and knocked off a wing, scoring a direct hit.

While supporting strikes against Japanese targets to weaken their defenses to the impending invasion of the Ryukyus, Vicksburg destroyed eight Japanese planes. Later, while positioned for the bombardment of Okinawa, she fired nearly 2,300 rounds of 6-inch and 5-inch projectiles in only 6 hours. After leaving the Okinawa campaign, Vicksburg supported minesweeping operations in the China Sea until June 24th, when she sailed for the Philippines. She remained in Philippine waters until the Japanese capitulation on August 15, 1944. Vicksburg then joined Task Group 38.2 on August 24th and covered the approaches to Tokyo Bay prior to, and during the formal Japanese surrender on September 2, 1944. Three days later Vicksburg entered Tokyo Bay, where she stayed until September 20th. Departing with Rear Admiral I. J. Wiltse, USN, Commander, Cruiser Division 10 on board, Vicksburg headed for Pearl Harbor, HI as part of a Third Fleet task group under the command of Rear Admiral John F. Shafroth, USN. She received two battle stars for her wartime service, and was then place in the Terminal Island Naval Shipyard in San Francisco in January of 1946 for modernization. After serving as the flagship for Vice Admiral A. E. Montgomery, USN, she was ultimately decommissioned on June 30, 1947 at San Francisco, CA. Struck from the Navy list on October 1, 1962, she was sold to the National Metal and Steel Corporation on August 25, 1964, and then scrapped.

The Siege of Vicksburg: May 19-July 4, 1863

Between Cairo, IL, and the Gulf of Mexico, the Mississippi river meanders over a course of more than a thousand miles long. During the Civil War, control of this stretch of the river was of vital importance to the Federal Government. Command of that waterway would allow uninterrupted passage of Union troops and supplies into the South. It would also have the desired effect of isolating the states of Texas and Arkansas and most of Louisiana, comprising nearly half the land area of the Confederacy and a region upon which the South depended heavily for supplies and recruits

From the beginning of the war in 1861, the Confederates, to protect this vital lifeline, erected fortifications at strategic points along the river. Federal forces, however, fighting their way southward from Illinois and northward from the Gulf of Mexico, captured post after post, until by late summer of 1862 only Vicksburg and Port Hudson posed major obstacles to Union domination of the Mississippi. Of the two posts, Vicksburg was the strongest and most important. It sat on a high bluff overlooking a bend in the river, protected by artillery batteries along the riverfront and by a maze of swamps and bayous to the north and south. President Abraham Lincoln called Vicksburg " the key" and believed that "the war can never be brought to a close until that key is in our pocket". So far the city had defied Union efforts to force it into submission.

In October 1862, Ulysses S. Grant was appointed commander of the Department of the Tennessee and charged with clearing the Mississippi of Confederate resistance. That same month, Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, a West Point graduate and a Pennsylvanian by birth, assumed command of the roughly 50,000 widely scattered Confederate troops defending the Mississippi. His orders were to keep the river open. Vicksburg became the focus of military operations of both generals.

On March 31, 1863, Grant moved his army south from its encampments at Milliken's Bend, 20 miles northwest of Vicksburg. By April 28, the Northerners were established at hard Times on the Mississippi above Grand Gulf. On the 29th, RADM David D. Porter's gunboats bombarded the Confederate forts at Grand Gulf to prepare the way for a crossing, but the attack was repulsed. Undaunted, Grant marched a little further south and, on April 30, crossed unopposed at Bruinsburg.

Striking rapidly eastward to secure the bridgehead. The Northerners met elements of Pemberton's Confederate forces near Port Gibson on May 1. The Southerners fought a gallant holding action, but they were overwhelmed and fell back toward Vicksburg. After meeting and defeating a small Confederate force near Raymond on May 12, Grant's troops captured Jackson, the state capitol, on may 14, scattering Southern defenders.

Turning his army westward, Grant moved along the line of the Southern Railroad of Mississippi. At Champion Hill on May 16, and at Big Black River Bridge on May 17, his soldiers attacked and overwhelmed Pemberton's disorganized Confederates, driving them back into the Vicksburg fortifications. By May 18, advanced units of the Federal army were approaching the bristling Confederate defenses.

Believing that the battles of Champion Hill and Big Black River Bridge had broken Confederate morale, Grant immediately scheduled an assault on the Vicksburg lines. The first attack took place on May 19. It failed. A second attack, launched on the morning of May 22, was also repulsed.

Realizing that it was useless to expend further lives in attempts to take the city by storm, Grant reluctantly began formal sedge operations. Batteries of artillery were established to hammer the confederate fortifications from the land side, while Admiral Porter's gunboats cut off communications and blasted the city from the river. By the end of June, with little hope of relief and no chance to break out of the Federal cordon, Pemberton knew that it was only a matter of time before he must "capitulate upon the best attainable terms." On the afternoon of July 3, he met with Grant to discuss terms for the surrender of Vicksburg.

Grant demanded unconditional surrender; Pemberton refused. The meeting broke up. During the afternoon, the Federal commander modified his demands and agreed to let the Confederates sign paroles not to fight again until exchanged. In addition, officers could retain side arms and a mount. Pemberton accepted these terms, and at 10 a.m. on July 4, 1863 Vicksburg was officially surrendered.




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